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* 5007 QS3S7S7'h RY.*" 

California State Library 

» > i<r— 

Accession No. 
Call No. 



This book is due on the last date stamped below. 
Books may not be renewed. 

JUIM 1 7 1980 

I 1968 


Los Angrlr*. California 

Janunry 5. 1907 



^:Av:i;-.v. : . r .v;U ■ iSg;ij:tf 

New History of Mrs. Eddy's Life 
Tournament of Roses of 1907 
Telephone Rates in Los Angeles 
Aristocracy in the Feline World 
Art, Music and the Drama 
Late Happening's in Society 
Out-Door Life in the South-west 
News from "Beyond the City" 





Will You Call on. Us, or May We Call on You? | 


With automobile repair bills? No, we are not in the repair 
business, but we are selling Mason Motor cars, and such 
is our faith in their durability and reliability that we will 
keep in good running order for the term of one year from 
date of sale all Mason cars purchased from us, without 
any repair bills for the owner, accidents and tires alone 
excepted. C| The Mason car will run longer, travel faster, 
climb hills better, ride easier, and give less trouble than 
any other car selling under $1 ,500. <][ Our demonstrator 
is always ready to prove any or all of these statements. 
We can make limited deliveries at once. 

Home F 8256 or Sunset Broadway 3473 


Also Agents for Wood's Electric 

Vehicles, Cleveland Motor Cars, 

Same Guarantee 

1044 South Main St. 

Los Angeles Cal, 


You have heard of Eugene, the best advertised city in Oregon? 
Eleven miles distant, in one of the most attractive sections of the 
entire Pacific Coast, lies a tract of 342 ACRES of extraordinarily 
fine BOTTOM LA.ND — as good a grass ranch as is to be 
found in all Oregon. None of the land adjoining it can be 
bought for less than $25.00 an acre, and most of it is held for 
$35.00. About one hundred acres of this tract has been in 
grain, and yields better than the surrounding land on higher 
ground. There are no buildings on the property. I want to 
exchange this land for a home in Los Angeles — preferably a 
Bungalow. Eugene is destined to be one of the best inland 
cities west of the Rockies. This is an exceptionally fine bar- 
gain — and it will not go begging. 

For Further Information Address 

A, care the Pacific Outlook 

420 Chamber of Commerce 

141 24S 


Jin independent Weekly Review of the Southwest 

George Baker Anderson 


Mary Holland Kinknid 

Howard Clark Gatloupe 


Published every Saturday at 420'422-423 Chamber of Com' 
merce Building, Los Jingetes, California, by 

The Pacific Outlook Company. 

Subscription price $2. OO a year in advance. Single copy to 
cents on all news stands. 

VOL. 2. 

MO. I 

The Editor of the Pacific Outlook cannot guarantee to return manuscripts, 
though he will endeavor to do so if stamps for that purpose are inclosed with them. 
If your manuscript is valuable, keep a copy of it. 


The Man Who Dares! What a figure he is, in- 
deed. And especially is he a heroic figure when he 
shakes off the impedimenta of party armor and 
party "strings" and stands erect in the arena of poli- 
tics, bidding defiance to unworthy traditions. 
"Heroism feels and never reasons," says Emerson, 
"and therefore is always right, and although a dif- 
ferent breeding, different religion, 
The Man and greater intellectual activity would 
Who Dares have modified, or even reversed the 
particular action, yet for the hero, 
that thing he does is the highest deed, and is not 
open to the censure of philosophers or divines. It 
is the avowal of the unschooled man, that he finds 
a quality in him that is negligent of expense, of 
health, of life, of danger, of hatred, of reproach, and 
that he knows that his will is higher and more ex- 
cellent than all actual and all possible antagonists." 
* * * 
The Man Who Dares, if his daring is to be re- 
warded by success, must enter the fray properly 
armed. His greatest weapon is truth. With it, he 
is invincible. Realizing that he is "born into the 
state of war," -and that the commonwealth demands 
that he exhibits fear of nothing that is opposed to 
truth, he may dare the mob "by the absolute truth 
of his speech and the rectitude of his behavior." A 
coward has no place in this life, and es- 
Truth is pecially in this century. The man who 
Invincible hesitates to advance against popular 
sentiment, however strong, confident of 
the keenness of his own weapon of truth, is man in 
Outer form only. If he is a true hero, his will must 
remain unshaken, even in the face of the most vio- 
lent disturbances in the ranks of his opponents. If 
he trusts himself, and dares, nothing but death will 
daunt him. A heart insurgent will defy all false- 
hood and wrong and will have the power to carry 
every burden which evil agencies may impose 
upon it. 

The Man Who Dares scorns those who scorn 
and revile, llis fortitude obtains in the face of the 
most wearisome tactics of his enemy. To him. pru- 
dence is falseness, virtue is literally its own reward. 
Conventionality he relegates to the rear, fighting 
his fight as liis conscience dictates. He is not the 
well-groomed, too finely bred, extraordinary young 
man who, in spite of constant culture, has never 

matured, except in a physical sense. 
The Dictates He is not afraid of soiling his 
of Conscience hands by laying hold upon the filth 

which half buries, half suffocates, 
those whose cause he champions. He is not afraid 
of the poisoned arrow, the sword thrust, the pitfall, 
nor of the "disgrace" of being haled before a cadi 
to give an account of the course he has followed in 
response to those dictates of his conscience which 
make him an intrepid wielder of his only weapon — 
truth. Beholding that which he conceives to be 
an iniquity, he lays on ; and woe betide the marplot 
who strives to impede his course. 

* * * 

The Man Who Dares has become the chief factor 
in the progress of the American commonwealth. 
It was the Man Who Dared who made the success 
of the American Revolution possible. It was the 
Man Who Dared who made the liberation of the 
American slaves possible. It was the Man Who 
Dared who brought the arrogant Standard Oil to 
its knees in the state of Missouri. It was the Man 
Who Dared who cleaned out the Augean stables in 

the American metropolis. It was 
Has Become the Man Who Dared who broke up 
Chief Factor the gang of raiders upon the treasury 

of New Mexico who were mas- 
querading in the guise of the "regularly constituted 
Republican organization" of that long-suffering ter- 
ritory. It was the Man Who Dared who gave 
Toledo what is, in some respects, the best muni- 
cipal government in America. And above all in 
modern times in America, it is the Man Who Dares 
who has sought out, in his own political party, the 
blemishes and foul spots, and is applying to them a 
caustic which, while making the body writhe, will 

cleanse and purify. 

* * * 

The Man Who Dares has before him the biggest, 
the best and the most productive field in the world 
—the purification of politics. He has in his hands 
a weapon which has no counterpart — truth. He 
need not enter the field of national polities to find a 

The Pacific Outlook 

foeman worthy of his steel. He will find plenty to 
do at his own doorway. There never was greater 
need in Los Angeles of an active, vigilant, fearless 
contingent of daring men — men who, "realizing thar 
they are born into a state of war,'' dare to fight cor- 
ruption, not only in public affairs, 
Dishonor is but corruption in those departments 
Militant of daily life whose influence reaches 
into the home. It is not necessary 
for the Man Who Dares to ride forth like St. George 
to fight the dragon of dishonor. And the blunder- 
buss, too, is a weapon of the past. The man who 
makes the greatest show and whose weapon makes 
the loudest noise does not always put-up the best 
fight. In these days it is persistence, rather than 
pomp, which counts. Such tactics as those illus- 
trated in the story of Robert Bruce and the Spider 
are essential to success in the fight for the su- 
premacy of honor, for dishonor is militant and per- 

* * * 

Here, then, is to the Man Who Dares ! May he 
never grow discouraged, even in the face of what 
may at first appear to be overwhelming odds ! May 
he begin his fight conscious not only of the fact that 
he is right, but that "macht macht recht !" May he 
be unafraid of wrong in whatever guise or from 
whatever quarter it approaches ! May he hold fast 
to the hilt of the sword of Principle, and strike to 
kill ! Ma)' no threats of "poli- 
Here's to the tical death" daunt him ! May 
Man Who Dares no "slings and arrows of out- 
rageous fortune" cause him to 
swerve one hair's breadth from the straight and 
narow path to municipal freedom! May he have 
done at once and forever with public opinion ! May 
he still be heroic and a Man Who Dares in any 
crisis which tries the temper of his metal! And, 
finally, may he bear constantly in mind the time- 
worn adage which has to do with the work of hew- 
ing to the line, regardless of the direction in which 
the chips fly ! 

* * * 

What is a "representative citizen?" What does 
the term signify? What does the representative 
citizen represent? These questions suggest them- 
selves by the occasional references, in the public 
print, to certain men who are designated as of this 
quality among our citizenry. The term has come 
to be greatly abused. The adjective, in the broad 
sense in which it is commonly employed in describ- 
ing the status Of a citizen, implies that he represents 
the progress and prosperity of a community, or is 
a high type among the best of men who stand for 

something higher than self. A 

Representative representative citizen, it logicall}-- 

Citizens follows, must be a man possessed 

of a helpful public spirit. He must 
keep well informed regarding what his fellow-men 

are doing. He must have intelligent views on pro- 
found questions affecting his town, his state or his 
country. He must be prepared to act as a spokes- 
man for those having less information or intelli- 
gence, or, for those who, by reason of the nature 
of their employment, have not been so situated as 
to be able to grasp the tendency of the times along 
the political, social, educational, religious, moral or 
industrial pathway in which public thought is wont 
to travel. 

* * * 

This, we believe, is the proper definition of the 
representative citizen. But how many of the fellow- 
citizens of the popular representative type dis- 
criminate between the true representative citizen 
and the spurious article? Do the possession of 
wealth and success in business affairs entitle a man 
to occupy a niche in this side-gallery of the Hall of 
Fame? We fear so. The man who represents 
himself better than anybody else, the man who gets 
himself elected into the directorate of half a dozen 
national banks, the man who sits in the choicest 
pew in the richest church in town, the man who 

employs help by the score, if not by 

Not the the hundred — this is the type of citi- 

True Type zen who has come to be classified as 

representative more, possibly, than 
the man who, knowing- the demands of a healthy 
public sentiment, and rather heedless of the conse- 
quences to his own individual interests, takes it 
upon himself to father such sentiment and nurture 
the young fruit thereof to maturity. The true rep- 
resentative citizen surely is not to be found among 
the ranks of the men who deyote their time chiefly 
to the upbuilding of their private fortunes, material 
or social. We should say, rather, that he is to be 
found among those who, with their fingers on the 
throbbing pulse of the populace, make every pos- 
sible individual effort to encompass the fulfillment 
of the public demand. 

* * * 

The best public servant is the man who does his 
duty, whether he is a mayor, a councilman, a health 
officer or a simple park watchman. It is all right 
to relieve from responsibility a public servant who 
is recreant to a trust reposed in him. whether his 
station be high or low, but no man should be dis- 
charged from his position in the public service be- 
cause he obeys the orders of his superior. The 
pursuit of such a course is bound to be demoralizing 
to the service, and, worse than this, it places a 
premium upon a species of dishonesty 
Best Type which is particularly vicious. While 
of Servant it is to be regretted that Edward 
Brown, a Sunday watchman in East- 
lake Park, offended the retiring mayor, Mr. Owen 
McAleer, by obeying the order of Superintendent 
Morley and requesting a member of the mayor's 

The Pacific Outlook 


family to "move on" and keep the highway open, it 
Id have been graceful and gracious "n the part 
of the chief executive of the city had h d the 

example of the great Napoleon and complimented 
the man for his spirit of obedience. Brown's 
charge will reflect little credit upon the park com- 
missioners. He really should stand in line for 

* ♦ * 

Pearson's Magazine refers to the power of the 

great express companies to defeat all efforts to en- 
act a parcels-post law as "one of the most exasper- 
ating incidents of Senator Piatt's presence in the 
United States Senate." It is, indeed, the most ex- 
asperating, and likewise the most highly condemn- 
able. It is the presence of smooth scallawags like* 
Piatt, I >cpev and others of their ilk in "the greatest 
deliberative body in the world" tiiat lias made the 

United States Senate a by-word in 

Piatt and months of patriotic Americans. But 

Parcels-Post the railways are now having their 

brush with the public, and the tend- 
ency of the times indicates that it will not be long 
before the express companies will be yanked down 
from their high estate. It is intolerable that the 
pi ople of the United States should be "he'd up" by 
the express companies as they are. when merchan- 
dise parcels may be shipped by mail to the ends of 
the earth at the rate of twelve cents per pound, pro- 
vided none of the mundane termini be located within 
the borders of our own country. 

* * * 

The workings of the postal service, which in this 
respect has been controlled by the express corn- 
panics through their interference with federal legis- 
lation, are worse than farcical. Suppose, for example, 
you desire to send a package of merchandise weigh- 
ing a pound to a friend residing in Pasadena or 
Hollywood, or, for that matter, in Los Angeles. 
The postage wall cost you sixteen cents if the pack- 
age is placed in the mails and addressed directly to 
the person for whom it is intended. Now if you 
have a friend in Hong Kong, or Melbourne, or 
Christiana, you may send the same package to him 
for twelve cents, and he may mail it to your friend 

in Pasadena or Hollywood for an- 
Workings of other twelve cents. For eight cents 
the System more than you pay to have the 

postal service carry it from the local 
postoffice to a house across the street, you may 
have it transported twenty-five thousand miles, at 
a cost in the government of the United States in- 
finitely greater than the expense entailed in the 
first instance 1 There is nothing in am department 
^i our public service under government control that 
hits the average American citizen harder than the 
present system of transporting merchandise through 

the mails. While the present administration is in- 
vestigating questions of discrimination, it would do 
well to let its "lug stick" crack the nutty problem 
of express rates ami the parcels-post. 

* * * 

George \Y. Perkins, formerly vice-president of 
the New York Life Insurance Company and for 
years the right hand man of J. Pierpont Morgan, 
stands accused of forgery in the conduct of the af- 
fairs of the company in which he was a big factor. 
The grand jury which found it to be its duty to in- 
dict Mr. Perkins and his associate. George S. Fair- 
child, formerly Secretary of the Treasury and a 

member of the finance committee of 
Protection the life insurance company, places it- 
by Forgery self on record as being convinced that 

these men were "influenced by a desire 
to benefit the stockholders." Inasmuch as neither 
of the men is shown to have benefited personally 
by the transaction, their motive having been a good 
one, the sympathy of the public doubtless will be 
with them. At the same time forgery is a danger- 
ous expedient, even when the aim of the forger is 
the protection of a mass of innocent investors or 
insurance -policy holders. 

* * * 

The eyes of the world are upon you, Prof. John- 
son of Stanford! You have a job ahead of you that 
is a daisy. You must pay the penalty of your fame 
as an expert in tropical fruits, and you must suffer 
for your temerity in boldly insisting that there were 
no apples in the Garden of Eden. The American 
Modern Language Association has decided the 
same question in the negative, lint what under the 

turquoise canopy of heaven is 

Nothing in an association of linguists sup- 

the Lemon Story posed to know about fruits. 

anyway? They claim that it 
must have been a lemon that Eve handed to her 
lord and master on the fateful day following upon 
the heels of the Creation. Why a lemon? If. as 
some of these scientists insist, it must have been a 
tropical fruit, why not a grapefruit, the fruit of the 
quassia, a quince or an immature persimmon? lint 
certainly none of these fruits were responsible for 
the Fall. There is nothing tempting in a bite of 

* * * 

We fear that the San Francisco school muddle is 
still far from a settlement. There are many fea- 
tures which vex and bewilder, and among these the 
worst are the recklessness and inaccuracy of state- 
ment, not only on the part of the labor agitators 
wdio form the Japanese and Korean Exclusion 
League, but too frequently on the part of those who, 
in saner moments, would hesitate to allow untruths 
to escape their lips, even by innuendo. We should 

The Pacific Outlook 

look to the responsible head of the school depart- 
ment of San Francisco for un- 
San Francisco varnished facts. Instead of 
Misrepresentation giving the public facts, that 
official is reported as au- 
thority for the statement that many of the so-called 
' Japanese school children are "men from twenty to 
twenty-five years of age," who sit beside twelve- 
year-old girls. The president of the Board of Edu- 
cation has committed himself by innuendo to the 
same statement by saying that white people clo not 
care to have theii little children "associate with 
adult Japanese" in the schools. Even one of our 
senators in Congress, Mr. Perkins, insists that the 
question is one of "Japanese adults in primary 


* * * 

The majority of people, in and out of California, 
appear to have been willing to accept these state- 
ments as facts, without further inquiry, on account 
of the prominence and official position of the San 
Franciscans from whom they have emanated. The 
Pacific Outlook regrets that it is unable at this 
time to give its authority for what it has to say in 
reply to these asseverations, but it is in a position 
where it is able to state, with definite knowledge 

at hand, that the official and semi- 
No Adults official statements of these gentle- 
in the Schools men are widely at variance with 

the facts. In the first place the 
official records of the San Francisco school au- 
thorities show that of the 30,000 pupils enrolled, the 
total number of Japanese is but ninety-three. Of 
these ninety-three, twenty-eight are girls. Of the 
sixty-five boys, thirty-four are under sixteen years 
of age. Of these thirty-one who are sixteen years 
of age or older, but six attend the primary schools. 
Of these six pupils, two are nineteen, one eighteen, 
one seventeen and two sixteen. 
* * * 
It is also a fact that no complaint of bad conduct 
on the part of any Japanese pupil, in any public 
school in the city, has ever come to the knowledge 
of the head authorities of the school system. The 
statements that adult males attend the public 
schools and that they sit beside young girls is pre- 
posterous and ridiculous on its face. Inasmuch as 
the school authorities do not allow American males 
of advanced years to sit beside young girls in 
school, who dares presume that they would permit 
adult Japanese to occupy such positions? That a' 
United States senator would make such statements 

as those accredited in the daily 
Not a Credit press to Senator Perkins, without 
to the State reasonable evidence aside from 

the intemperate verbal meander- 
ings of a prejudiced local press or the unsupported 
words of labor agitators, is not a great credit to the 
state of California. And that any public official, 
especially one having any part in the conduct of 

the school system, would lend himself to an effort 
to discredit any portion of an unprejudiced official 
report made by a cabinet member is no less a dis- 
grace. Secretary Metcalf, himself a resident of Cali- 
fornia, in his natural loyalty to his own state would 
be inclined to make as good a showing for his state 
and its once chief city as the facts warranted. 
* * * 
There is one interesting fact in connection with 
this question which has never before been made pub- 
lic. The San Francisco press has told but one side 
of the story throughout, though making an effort 
to convince the public that it was handling the mat- 
ter from an unbiassed standpoint. The fact to which 
we wish to call attention is this : The principal of 
the Oriental school in San Francisco, Mrs. New- 
hall, an aunt of Mr. Keene, secretary to Mayor 
Schmitz (and formerly a member of the California 
state senate), would gain pecuniarily if all the Japa- 
nese children of San Francisco were compelled to 
attend the school in her charge. 
The Milk The regulations of the school 

in the Cocoanut board provide that the salaries 
of principals shall be governed 
largely by the number of rooms in the schools under 
their direction. Thus, a principal having charge of a 
school of ten rooms receives a salary considerably 
in excess of one in charge of a school of two or three 
rooms. For some' time past strenuous efforts have 
been made to secure an increase in the salary of Mrs. 
Newhall through increasing the number of rooms 
in the Oriental school, and this could be accom- 
plished in but one way — by increasing the number 
of pupils attending this school.' This is where an 
unexampled piece of "graft" could be created, and 
this fact is doubtless responsible in large measure 
for the agitation now going on. 
* * * 
But the question .of principal's salary is not the 
root of the matter. It is but an incident, though a 
most potential incident. The whole trouble may 
properly be laid at the doors leading to the editorial 
department of M. H. DeYoung's newspaper, the 
San Francisco Chronicle. Mr. DeYoung and his 
Chronicle, more than any other individual agency, 
are responsible for the creation of the existing 
deplorable tangle. To one who has been a close 
student of the Chronicle it is most apparent that 
this paper is entitled to the name of father of the 

Japanese and Korean Exclusion 
Fathered by League. Tveitmoe (what a name 
the Chronicle for a patriotic American citizen!), 

McCarthy and the remnant of the 
gang which has been echoing and re-echoing the 
cry of the mushroom A. P. A. party of a dozen years 
ago, either took their cue from the Chronicle or led 
that paper to take the stand it occupies, judging by 
the attitude of all concerned. Which party is pri- 
marily responsible perhaps nobody will ever know; 

The Pacific Outlook 

luit the fact remains that the Chronicle lias been the 
most persistent agitator of the exclusion sentiment 
among all the widely circulated newspapers of Cali- 
fornia. The public must draw it- own deductions. 

* * * 

Regardless of the source in which the present 
ition had its inception, the state is face to face 
with a serious condition, not a theory. The agi- 
tators of San Francisco have practical]} defied the 

federal government to do its worst. 'The Pacific 
Churchman, which, unfortunately, is published lull 
semi-monthly, semis to be tile sole San Francisco 
periodical which is able to view the situation with 
sanity and temperance. We have almost expected 
to hear that its office has been sacked and its editors 
hanged in effigy as the result of the published views 
of that paper. Regardless of whether the Japanese 
are a desirable or an undesirable class, the United 

States government, through its con- 

Paramountcy vention with the government of the 

of Treaties Mikado, has expressly stipulated 

that subjects of the latter shall re- 
ceive the same treatment in America that subjects 
or citizens of other countries receive. And inas- 
much as treaties — international law — and federal 
enactments governing our relations with a foreign 
country are paramount to state laws or city ordi- 
nances or school board regulations, we may look to 
see Washington prevail over San Francisco. If the 
treaty be deemed unwise, its provisions may be 
remedied later. But so long as it stands the admin- 
istration would prove itself poltroonish and a dis- 
grace to the name of the United States of America 
did it not exercise all the power at its command in 
enforcing its provisions. 

* » * 

While the legislature of 1907 is enacting a pure 
food law so that the state of California may co- 
operate with the federal government, it should in- 
clude in the statute a measure, making it unlawful 
for any person to sell a pint and a quarter of olive 
oil for a quart, three pints of "maple" syrup for a 
half gallon, and an eighteen-pound package of sugar 
for the twenty-pound packages advertised. There 
is about as much fraud in weights and measures as 
there is in quality. The worst feature of the impo- 
sition practiced in weights and 
Quality measures is, that the average 

and Quantity housewife has no scales or other 
measure in the house, and there- 
fore is helpless against the fraud. One of the big- 
gest producing companies in Los Angeles recently 
advertised to sell a quart of pure olive oil for sixty 
cents. When one of the bottles containing the 
alleged quart had been emptied and the water it 
would hold measured, it was found that the bottle 
contained less than a pint and a half. Such frauds 
as this should be made easily punishable by a spe- 
cial law fitting the case. 

The president of the State Teachers' Association. 
Mr. Van I.icw. in an address before that body at its 
meeting at Fresno last week, condemned in strong 
terms the organization of teachers upon the princi- 
ples governing trades unions. He characterized 
the idea as "preposterous nonsense," and declared 
that where it lias been tried its success was "with 
neither glory nor honor." The view of Mr. Van I.iew 
is the only one that can be taken 
No "Unions" by those who regard teachers of 
of Teachers children in the light of public bene- 
factors. That instructors of youth 
should band themselves together on the lines fol- 
lowed by union labor is unthinkable. The mission 
of teachers is akin to that of preachers, and in some 
respects even more important to the youth of the 
land. Any such thing as union control must neces- 
sarily be followed by loss of individuality. Another 
fruit would be dependence, partial or entire, upon 
the whims of the leaders. Unionism has run mad 
when it attempts to enfold the public schools of the 

* * * 

On another page will be found a very brief 
synopsis of the first of the promised articles dealing 
with the life and work of Mrs. Mary Baker G. Eddy, 
founder of the Christian Science organization, which 
are being published in McClure's Magazine. Georg- 
ine Milmine, the author, has started out with a 
story that promises to grow more and more dramatic 
as it proceeds. If her account is truthful — and it 
bears every evidence of accuracy, the source of her 
information being given where it reflects in any 
manner upon the integrity of this widely-known and 
well-advertised woman — Mrs. Eddy has made some 

statements in her official biography 

Unofficial which are not borne out by the facts. 

History One. of these, to which reference has 

been made in the synopsis we print, 
deals wtih Mrs. Eddy's admission into the church. 
Mr. Eddy herself has stated that she was admitted 
at the age of twelve. McClure's investigator ap- 
parently proves by the records of the church that 
she was just over seventeen, instead of twelve. In- 
teresting episodes in the life of this remarkable 
woman which she refrains from mentioning in her 
own publications are related by the new historian. 
None of them will tend to advance the cause of 
Christian Science; for faith in a leader is essential, 
to thinking and honest minds, to faith in the teach- 
ings of a leader. 

* * * 

Without doubt there is much in the so-called 
Christian Science that is good. Possibly it is all 
good. That is not the point at issue between the 
followers of Mrs. Eddy and her critics. Christian 
Scientists say the cult is new. They say, and Mrs. 
Eddv says, that the latter "discovered" it in 1866 
or some time prior thereto. In a communication 

The Pacific Outlook 

from one of the members of the Christian Science 
Publication Committee, which was printed in the 
Pacific Outlook December 29, editorial views ex- 
pressed in this paper on December 15 were criticised 
as unfair. One of these views, as expressed in a 
headline reading "The Term a Misnomer," in which 

we expressed the belief that "the very 

A Critic's combination of words in the term 

Reply Christian Science is contradictory." 

was asserted to be based upon a false 
premise, and the assertion of our critic was to the 
effect that "as a matter of fact the name Christian 
Science is a most proper and logical combination of 
terms and simply means an exact knowledge or un- 
derstanding of the teachings and works of Jesus 
Christ." Further on our critic asserted that "this 
term is now virtually admitted to be correct through 
the changed theories of physical scientists regarding 
matter." Another ground for criticism lay in the 
Christian Scientist's interpretation of the expression 
"and these signs shall follow them who believe" 
into "them who understand." 

* * * 

Let us take up this last criticism first. It is stated 
that the word "believe" in this connection means 
"understand." We must say that this is, to us, 
an utterly new meaning of the word "believe." We 
believe in the existence of a Supreme Intelligence 
which we call God ; but does that mean that we un- 
derstand what or who God is? We believe in the 
divinity of Christ, if we are Christians ; but do we 
understand it? We believe many other things in 
connection with the Christian religion ; but do we 
understand them all? Then as to the first point 
raised by our critic, a simple denial that the term 
Christian Science is a misnomer, because the words 
of which it is composed appear to us to be contra- 
dictory, is hardly a refutation of 
Understanding the assertion. It all depends upon 

and Belief the point of view. Is there such 

a thing, may we ask, as "an exact 
knowledge or understanding of the teachings and 
works of Jesus Christ?" Faith, pure, unadulterated 
faith, is the foundation of Christianity. Not faith 
that Christ ever lived, but faith in His divinity and 
in His power, as a mediator and intercessor in be- 
half of humanity. And then as to our critic's state- 
ment that the term Christian Science "is now virtu- 
ally admitted to be correct," such an assertion is 
open to grave question. It is admitted to be correct 
by Christian Scientists, perhaps, but they, and the 
"physical scientists" which our critic leans upon are 
in a tremendous minority in this big world of ours ; 
and the fact that this class is willing to admit it to 
be correct is no proof whatever that it is correct. 

* * * 

Christian Science does not, in our belief, afford 1 
mankind anything more tangible, more definite, 

more wholesome, and generally more beneficial than 
the simple, plain old-fashioned Christianity of our 
forefathers. If we are wrong, we still fail to grasp 
the Christian Science idea. All the teachings of 
Christ appear to us to point in the same direction 
that the teachings of Christian Science leads us. 
That being the case — and it is not likely that follow- 
ers of the faith will deny it — we fail to see what 
benefits are to be derived from separation from 

the mother church ; by "mother" 
The Fittest church we mean the original Chris- 
Will Survive tian church. But regardless of the 

right or wrong of the question, if the 
Science gives to its devotees that which plain Chris- 
tianity does not offer them, or if the}' believe that it 
does, and such belief is based upon personal experi- 
ence or the experience of others, they should be well 
able to withstand, in their philosophy, the martyr- 
dom contemporary with the assaults which are now 
being made upon the cornerstone of their great or- 
ganization. The fittest will survive, and it is 
through such crises as that which has arisen in the 
history of this faith that wholesome institutions 
grow stronger. 

* * * 

Gambling in Dividends 

It has long been recognized that one of the most 
deadly interferences with the safe and just adminis- 
tration of American private corporations is the near 
proximity of stock tickers to the elbows of directors, 
says Pearson's. The power which officers of great 
corporations have to enrich themselves or their 
friends through the stock market at the expense of 
the speculating and, sometimes, the investing pub- 
lic, was flagrantly shown in the case of President 
Harriman and his associate officers of the Union 
Pacific Railroad. 

Having secretly voted to increase the dividends 
on Union Pacific stock from six to ten per cent. — 
a stroke unsuspected by the public or the fourteen 
thousand Union Pacific stockholders — President 
Harriman and his accomplices kept the information 
to themselves for three days. During these three 
days a favored few formed syndicates and steadily 
bought Union Pacific stock in the market. Then 
President Harriman permitted the new dividend to 
be announced, and the price of the stock leaped up- 
ward until one of the syndicates, it is said, made 
a profit of fifteen million dollars. 

In the interest of the "square deal" proclaimed by 
President Roosevelt, Congress should see to it, if 
the President does not, that this shameful work of 
vulgar trickery is fully investigated by the Interstate 
Commerce Commission. If the American instinct 
for gambling cannot be restrained, at least the peo- 
ple should be protected from card-cheats masquerad- 
ing as business men. 

The Pacific Outlook 


"Theodore the Meddler," and Some of tHe Great Institutions with A^hich He 
Has Meddled ,/Y Close Study of This Characteristic 

James Creelman, who probably is more intimate- 
ly acquainted with President Roosevelt than any 
other journalist, lias drawn a vivid picture of "Thei i 
dore the Meddler" in the current number of Pear- 
son's. Vmong all the magazine literature dealing 
with this remarkable figure in world politics, the 
storj of this great "meddler" is in many respects 
the most striking. .Mr. Creelman, who never minces 
words in dealing with men and their motives, has 
related the true story of Roosevelt's long and des- 
perate fight to smash the Wall Street ring- as a 
factor in the national government and the attempts 
made bj some of the giant corporations to put an 
end to liis usefulness in this direction.. While Mr. 
Creelman has given us little information that is 
new. he has aggregated an array of intensely in- 
teresting, frequently dramatic, events in the strenu- 
ous life of the meddlesome President which are 
made to read more like fiction than cold facts. 

Mr. Roosevelt, he says, has been a meddler since 

boyh 1- lie can't help meddling. It is in his 

blood. "He has meddled with the predatory ele- 
ments of life, four-legged and two-legged; the 
crack of his rifle in the West has been no more de- 
structive than the whisk of his official pen in the 
Fast ; he has trailed his game as faithfully in Wall 
Street as in the mountains of Colorado or the Da- 
kota Bad Lands ; nor has he failed to bring down 
the big beasts of politics." When the great meddler 
learned that Harriman had said privately that Presi- 
dent Roosevent "must be got rid of politically at 
any cost." the latter began meddling with the finan- 
cial-political plans of the great financier, with re- 
sults that are now well-known. "Hearing a cry 
from one end of the country to the other that there 
had come into being a power greater than the gov- 
ernment, a power transcending the power of presi- 
dents, congresses, governors and legislatures, he set 
to himself the task of exposing the lie." 

"If the people, upon whose confidence and loyalty 
the strength of the republic depended, really be- 
lieved that the will of Wall Street had become more 
powerful than the will of the nation," continues Mr. 
Creelman, "it was all-important that such a destruc- 
tive and demoralizing idea should be disproved by 
actual and open demonstration — and all other busi- 
ness might wait until the supremacy of the govern- 
ment, and its ability to enact and enforce law 
against the opposition of any combination of wealth 
and cunning whatever, was proven, not by secret. 
still processes, hut by governmental deeds done in 
the sight of the whole people. That is the deepest 
cause of hatred in the breasts of the Harrimans, 
Rockefellers, Rogerses, Archbolds, Morgans, Hills 
.•mil all of their kind — that Mr. Roosevelt has re- 
fused to recognize their supreme importance, ami 
that his refusal has not been in secret : that he has 
stripped bare the money giant that so lately af- 
frighted the country, and has shown it to be as 
powerless as it is sometimes unwise and heartless. 

"The strangest thing of all is that Wall Street 
ignores the equally significant fact that Mr. Roose- 
velt has set his face against the political truculenee 

and blow -beating of labor unions, ami against riot- 
ing or any kind of lawlessness done in the name of 
organized labor, as sternly as he has compelled 
the great corporations to recognize the unquestion- 
able sovereignty of the law and the govern- 
ment. * * * 

"There are those who believe that the President of 
the United States should be a man of slow, conser- 
vative temperament. But these are times which 
call for dynamic force, for moral rage, as it were, to 
break through the thousand subtle thralls which 
have been woven about the hands and feet of civil- 
ization. And if Mr. Roosevelt hurls the weight of 
his great office again the evils which stand in the 
way of American progress, if he moves sometimes 
with a suggestion of violence, heart and mind in a 
fury of earnestness, it is because he has investi- 
gated deeply, knows the real facts, appreciates the 
danger of delay in a country governed by popular 
suffrage, is constantly face to face with a blind, sor- 
did greed whose resistance can only be overcome by 
shock, and has made up his mind to save legitimate, 
wealth in spite of itself. 

"Mr. Roosevelt talks so freely to his friends that 
it is not difficult to look into his mind as it is to-day. 
He believes that the country has suffered from ex- 
tremes of agitation and that safety is to be found 
only in a moderate, but resolute course. He may 
be accurately described as a resolute moderate. His 
heroes are Washington, Lincoln, Napoleon and 
Timoleon — all reasonable men, but all fighters. He 
does not believe that weaklings, academicians or 
mugwumps can grapple with the tendencies of these 
times, but that success can come only to vital red 
blood and fighting strength used fearlessly and con- 

"Mr. Roosevelt believes in publicity. It is his 
sharpest sword. When he finds a corrupt combina- 
tion confronting him he makes the matter known, 
and leaves the rest to public opinion. No man can 
whisper a threat in his ear. He opens the doors, 
throws up the windows, calls in the crowd and 
shouts the secret out. It is this characteristic that 
embarrasses the stealthy adventurers of Wall 
Street. They dare not threaten. It will be in the 
newspapers next morning." 

"Never strike till you have to," says the President. 
"and then strike as hard as you can." 

Mr. Creelman relates two incidents which well 
serve to illustrate a phase of Mr. Roosevelt's char- 
acter which until recently has not been widely 
enough recognized : 

( hie day Paul Morton, vice-president of the At- 
chison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company, 
went to Washington and was invited to the White 

"Hello. Paul !" cried the President. "What are 
you doing here ?" 

The tall, brainy Xebraskan was very grave. He 
hesitated for a moment, and then, looking into Mr. 
Roosevelt's eyes, he said in a steady voice: 

"I've come to Washington to testifv before the 

The Pacific Outlook 

Interstate Commerce- Commission that I have been 
violating the law." 

"What!" exclaimed the President. "You?" 

"Yes, we've been giving rebates on the Santa Fe 
system. We've been breaking the law." 

"But why did you do it?" 

"They were all doing it, and we had to do it or 
go out of business. I felt as an officer of tHe Santa 
Fe Company that I was bound to stand by the 
owners of the property, and no railroad company 
could refuse rebates while all the other companies 
granted them. It was an established system, and 
we had to recognize it or face ruin." 

The President laid his hand on Mr. Morton's arm, 

"I know, I understand," he said. "When I was 
a police commissioner in New York I discovered 
that I could not close up the corner saloon on Sun- 
day while the saloon in the middle of the block was 
open. There must be power to enforce the law 
equally against all." 

One day Senator Burton of Kansas went to the 
White House in behalf of an applicant for office. 

"I want to know, Mr. President, whether you in- 
tend to appoint that man," he said brusquely. 

Mr. Roosevelt was equally terse. 

"Senator, your man has been in the penitentiary, 
hasn't he?" Mr. Roosevelt's eyes snapped behind 
his glasses and his teeth showed ominously. 

"Oh, that was a long time ago," answered the 
senator. "It was an indiscretion of youth and the 
man has lived it down." 

"Well," said the President, bringing his teeth 
together with a click, "I'll tell you what we will do. 
We will first take up the list of men who haven't 
been in the penitentiary, and then, if we cannot find 
a man suitable for the place, we will take up the list 
of men who have been in the penitentiary." 

» * * 
A HomeView of tHe Japanese Question 

The Pacific Churchman, published in San Fran- 
cisco, is almost alone among the periodicals of that 
city in its attitude on the school question. In its 
last issue it "acknowledges unconditionally" that 
"Japan has fully vindicated her right to a seat with 
the proudest at the council board of nations, having 
won it admirably with her sword, and can no more 
be treated as a negligible quantity, or with dis- 
courtesy, than can Germany or Great Britain. Es- 
pecially can she not be so treated by the one nation 
with which she is brought into the most intimate 
relationship, and which she can, therefore, most 
easily wound both commercially and territorially. 
More than is the case with any other people on the 
globe save the Chinese, our interests and her inter- 
ests march together." 

"We shall not gain anything," continues the Pa- 
cific Churchman, "by forgetting this fact, or by as- 
suming that we can do business with her in the 
family of nations otherwise than on an equal 
ground. It is our misfortune that this element in 
the situation does not seem always to be appre- 
ciated by those in this city who, while not the na- 
tion's representatives, are the spokesmen of the city 
in its contact with the representatives of Japan. 

"In the next place, some attention would seem to 
need to be called to the repeated ruling of our high- 
est court that, in any case where they do not con- 
flict with the Constitution, our treaty laws are the 
laws of the land. Whatever view may obtain as to 

our rights as a State, we cannot possibly conceive 
ourselves as entitled to overrule the treaty stipula- 
tions of the Nation at large. To think that we can 
is to be guilty of a great absurdity. In view of one 
or two utterances which have lately been made pub- 
lic, we commend this element in the situation to the 
thought of those yeasty spirits who fancy that they 
can flaunt the Federal authorities in one breath, 
and, in imagined security behind Federal guns, pour 
scorn upon the foreigner in the next. The logical 
outcome of this sort of thing would be the presence 
of a hostile fleet bombarding the coast cities of this 
State, with the national navy riding in the offing to 
see that the cities of Oregon were not molested, but 
otherwise looking contentedly on. Let us not for- 
get, then, that however intensely we may be Cali- 
fornians, we are also citizens of the Republic at 
large, and as such are as law abiding, and should be 
as considerate of the rights of others, as the people 
of Maryland or Massachusetts." 

An ethical consideration enters into the question, 
from the viewpoint of the Pacific Churchman. "It 
becomes us all to bear in mind," it says, "that at 
the time of the San Francisco fire the Japanese peo- 
ple, after having just emerged from all the hard- 
ships of a terrible war, subscribed $100,000 for the 
relief of our people — a sum equal in purchasing 
power in Japan to several times its amount in this 
country. It is, to say the least, a matter of humilia- 
tion to us as a city, as well as of regret, that, so soon 
after this generous evidence of their friendship, they 
should have been needlessly wounded by us in this 
matter of public schools. Even the most obtuse 
among us should be aware that high-spiritedness 
and the ability keenly to feel an affront is not the 
endowment of any particular race, and common 
courtesy alone should have kept us off this rock of 
offense to a nation which is destined to be, either in 
a friendly or in an unfriendly sense, our closest and 
most persistent neighbor." 

* * * 
Over Eighteen Millions in Building's 
Nothing in the history of the year 1906 in Los An- 
geles is more satisfactory than urban development as 
illustrated in the official figures of the inspector of 
buildings. The total number of buildings of all kinds 
erected in the city during the year was 9358, repre- 
senting an expenditure of $18,502,446. With 313 
working days in the year, exclusive of Sundays 
but including other legal holidays, an average of 
about $60,000 worth of buildings went up daily. 
It is a noteworthy fact that the greatest amount 
expended in the erection of any one class, $4,302.- 
541, was paid for 4289 one-story frame buildings, 
practically all of which are residences, excepting 
a small number employed for temporary business 
purposes. The value of the 846 two-story frame 
buildings, also mostly residences, was $3,525,994. 
Twenty-six churches, costing $182,268, were erected. 
Eight steel structures, of four, five, six, seven and 
ten stories respectively, were built at an aggregate 
cost of $2,550,000; the sixteen reinforced concrete 
buildings, from one to eight stories in height, cost 
$1,269,000, among which the great Auditorium cost 
$170,000; the 248 brick buildings, from one to six 
stories in height, cost $2,683,567. Seventy-nine 
buildings of all classes, valued at but $15,645^ were 
demolished to make room for more substantial 
structures. The new buildings erected are a city 
in themselves. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Life of Mary Baher G. ELddy, Founder of the Christian Science Church — 
Climax to a Controversy That is Stirring the Whole Country 

McClure's Magazine may have been led into error 
in publishing as a portrait of Mrs. Mary Baki 
Eddy one of anothei person, as lias been asserted, 
but this fact, if it is a fact, will hardly detract from 
the general interest being manifested in the scries 
of articles dealing with the life of this woman and 
the history of Christian Science which began with 
the lanuary number of that periodical. In the open- 
ing chapters of this intensely interesting story by 
Georginc Milmine, the author, calling attention to 
Mrs. Eddy's statement that at the age of twelve 
years she debated with the wise men of the church 
and was finally received into the church, quotes 
from the official records of the Tilton, N. H., Congre- 
gational church to prove that the dale of her admis- 
sion was July 26, [838, which would make her 
seventeen instead of twelve, as she was born July 
id. 1821. Mrs. Eddy also states that she was 
graduated from Dyer II. Sanborn's Academy at 
Tilt' in. \cc Tiling- to her old neighbors at that place 
there was no such institution. "Sanborn, however, 
did teach a few children each year in a room above 
the district school. Formal graduations were un- 
known. * * * According to these schoolmates, 
Mary Baker completed her education when she had 
finished Smith's grammar and reached long division 
in arithmetic." 

In a footnote, referring to the age when Mrs. 
Eddy joined the church, the author asserts: "This 
is not the only demonstrable misstatement made by 
Mrs. Eddy in her official biography. She begins 
her book, for example, by saying that her great 
grandfather, on her father's side, was John McNeil, 
of Edinburgh ; and she claims, as a relative. Sir 
John Macneill, G. C. P... a 'Scotch knight who was 
prominent in British politics and at one time held 
the position of ambassador to Persia.' She says 
elsewhere that she is Sir John's only descendant. 
Mrs. Florence McAllister, of Aberdeen, a grand- 
daughter of Sir John McNeil, published in London 
Truth, in 1904, a detailed refutation. Mrs. Eddy 
practically accepted the correction by notifying ail 
Christian Science writers not to connect her in fu- 
ture with the Scottish McNeils. She herself, how- 
ever, has not yet corrected her own statement in 
'Retrospection and Introspection,' She also still 
use-, the McNeil coat-of-arms. Tt hangs on her 
library wall at Pleasant View, embroidered in white 
silk. It is also engraved in gold on Pleasant View 
stationery and is impressed upon her seal." 

This historian says that Mrs. Baker's old neigh- 
bors give testimony to the effect that she had even 
less schooling than most girls of her class. "Her 
ill health 'and hysteria constantly interfered. She 
would attend school for a few weeks, have a nervous 
spell, and then drop out. Consequently, she usually 
recited with girls considerably younger than her- 
self. Her old schoolmates say that she was indo- 
lent, constantly lolled in her seat, and spent much 
time scribbling on her slate. Apparently she 1 
incapable of concentrated or continuous thought." 

After the death of her firs! husband, George 

Washington Glover, Mrs. Eddj made what this 
writer declares to be practically her sole effort at 
self-support prior to her foundation of the Christian 
Science church. This was by teaching a country 
school. Several people who still live at Tilton and 
who received from her a few weeks' instruction re- 
call that Mrs. Eddy required them, at stated inter- 
vals, to march around the room singing a few lines 
which she had composed in her own honor, the 
refrain to which was: 

"We will tell Mrs. Glover 
How much we love her; 
By the light of the moon 
We will come to her." 

Mrs. Eddy makes no reference to a period of over 
twenty years in her life in her official biography, 
and in another place has said that no special account 
is to be made of the twenty-two years from 1844 to 
1866. Georgine Milmine has discovered that during 
these years she had married Daniel Patterson, an 
itinerant dentist ; that her life with him was not 
filled with felicity ; that in 1873 she secured a divorce 
from him on the ground of desertion, though Alfred 
Fariow, head of the Christian Science Publication 
Committee, says, in his Christian Science Historical 
Facts, that Mrs. Patterson obtained a divorce be- 
cause of the doctor's "adultery." 

It is hardly to be presumed that a publication of 
the standing of McClure's would permit itself to be 
entrapped into printing such a story as that begun 
by Georgine Milmine without having made inde- 
pendent inquiries on its own responsibility. It will 
be extremely difficult for the Christian Science pub- 
licity campaigners to remove the bad impression 
regarding Mrs. Eddy which these articles are bound 
to produce in the minds of hundreds of thousands 
of readers. The subject is one which is of profound 
interest, not only .to the followers of Mrs. Eddy but 
to the world generally; for nothing in this life ap- 
peals so directly and with such insistence to the 
average man as any teaching or system that will 
banish pain and suffering from both mind and body. 

* * * 


The annual exhibition of the Poultry Breeders' 
Association of Southern California opened at 
Chutes Park on New Year's day and continued 
throughout the week. Yearly all the National Club 
cups for California were offered for competition. 
For the first time in the history of the coast a special 
display of bantams was made. Arthur Letts, who 
owns the Holrnbj poultry farm at East Hollywo 
had the largest entry ever seen in Los Angeles. He 
has imported from England and the East the n 
poultry that he could find, including turkeys, clucks. 
geese and pea fowls. Among the other exhibitors 
are Mrs. Anna L. Pinkerton, Mrs. A. E. Halsey, 
W. H. Brown. Dr. G. I. Boyce, L P. Berkev and 
others well known in the poultry field. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Two Replies to Mrs. Martha Moore Avery's Recent Attach, upon Socialism as 

the Enemy of That Sacred Institution 

By Mary E. Garbutt and Ethel Dolsen 

(In the Pacific Outlook of December 15, 190G, appeared a 
review of an address on Socialism delivered by Mrs. Martha 
Moore Avery before the American Civic Association. Mrs. 
Avery took the ground that the Socialist opposition to the 
home is deep-seated, in consequence of the false attitude 
adherents to the principle maintain regarding the sexes. 
"Socialists," she declared, "insist upon an economic equality 
which is neither possible or desirable. Not possible because 
of the differences in the organisms of men and women, which 
is not the result of evolution, but was so fixed in the original 
design if creating; not desirable because home is the dearest 
spot on earth, and moreover it is the model of all govern- 
ments of whatsover kind, for it embraces the three essential 
principles of human organization, namely, the individual, the 
fraternal and the paternal.." 

Mrs. Avery also made this statement: "Socialism does 
not make for a higher social order, it makes for the undoing 
of all that right minded men and women cherish. It makes 
for chaos." 

In reply to the bitter attack made upon the propaganda 
of Socialistic ideas by Mrs. Avery two Los Angeles women, 
Mrs. Mary E. Garbutt and Miss Ethel Dolsen, have prepared 
arguments in which they endeavor to prove the insecurity 
of the position taken by Mrs. Avery. Both are interesting. 
Though the Pacific Outlook is not prepared to agree with 
all the sentiments expressed by either writer, it cheerfully 
gives place to the replies. 

Th fact that Socialism is slightly on the decay in America, 
considering the fact that in recent years it has not kept 
pace with the increase in population, judging by the popular 
vote in the election of 1906, makes the question no less 
interesting; for Socialism means revolution, and any doctrine 
which aims at the destruction of the existing social order 
must always be of especial interest to students of political 
economy. — The Editor.) . 

The average woman, according to Charlotte Per- 
kins Gilman, if asked to define Socialism, replies : 
"Oh, it is perfectly awful ! It's free-love and the 
children brought up by the state, and everybody 
wear the same clothes, and no nice houses of our 
own, and all eat at a common table. I think it's 
simply immoral and disgusting." 

Just such a tirade against Socialism, as destruc- 
tive of government and the family life, appeared in 
the Pacific Outlook of December 15, written by 
Mrs. Martha Moore Avery and reviewed by the 
editor. She probably gets her authority, as the 
most of those who write such hysterical nonsense 
do, from the capitalistic press, or "what people say." 

With such a wealth of literature as the Socialist 
movement has produced, it is hard to be patient 
with what seems to be inexcusable ignorance, or 
wilful misrepresentation of Socialism, which George 
Sterling says "is the one clean, noble and live thing 
in the world to-day worth fighting for." 

The fundamental principles of Socialism are so 
simple, that any person who has given any study 
at all to the subject ought to understand them, and 
not make himself or herself ridiculous by such ab- 
surd assertions as the average person makes who 
attempts to discredit it. 

Socialism is purely an economic question. Food, 
clothing and shelter are necessary to human life, 
hence necessary to the maintenance of the home. 
No two young people passing "through the gate- 
way of marriage" no matter how "chaste their love" 
can get much real joy out of "the ideal beauty of a 
home," without meat to roast, wheat to make into 
bread, or cloth to cut into garments for the inmates 
of the home. Socialism proposes that what all the 

people need in order to establish happy homes — 
land, with the untold mineral wealth stored up in 
its bowels, all the machinery of production where- 
by the raw products are converted into the neces- 
sities and comforts of life, all the railroads whereby 
these necessities and comforts may be distributed — 
shall be owned by all the people and co-operatively 
operated for the benefit of all. 

Now, they are owned by the few and operated not 
to supply the people's needs, but for private profit. 
This immoral use of what nature certainly meant 
for all of her children to share, militates, in a ruth- 
less fashion, against marriage and the home. 

When Mr. Rockefeller has an income of more 
than $60,000,000 a year — a sum far greater than the 
combined incomes of all the crowned heads of Eu.- 
rope and the presidents of the United States and 
France — and he with the rest. of. the plutocratic class 
own 70.5 per cent, of the wealth of this nation, will 
Mrs. Avery tell us how the working man can "go 
forth to build the house and the prop which doth 
sustain the house" and how the "wife can abide to 
convert this wealth" which is in the hands of those 
who toil not, "into the domestic comfort of her own 

Under such conditions, with the entire plant of 
industry in the hands of a few, with the wealth pro- 
duced by labor appropriated, by this small minority, 
with the average income of the wage earner a trifle 
over $400 a year, it becomes necessary, in tens of 
thousands of cases, for the whole family — husband, 
wife and children — "to go forth to conquer the prop 
which doth sustain the house." Here is a strong 
picture of how poor the prop they are all able to 
conquer with the strenuous efforts of the entire 
family. The picture is drawn by the pen of Robert 
Hunter in his book called "Poverty." 

"There are probably in fairly prosperous years 
no less than 10,000,000 persons in poverty in the 
United States ; that is to say underfed, underclothed, 
and poorly housed. Of these about 4,000,000 per- 
sons are public paupers. Over 2,000,000 working 
men are unemployed from four to six months in the 
year. Nearly half the families in the country are 
propertyless." (They have "gone forth to conquer 
the materials to build the house" — why don't they 
own the house?) "Over 1,700,000 little children," 
scarcely more than babies, instead of being herded 
in public nurseries as Mrs. Avery fears the}' will 
be under Socialism, are forced in droves into fac- 
tory, mill and mine where they give up their young 
lives that the owners of these factories, mills, and 
mines may get a little larger profit. "About 5,000,- 
000 women — very many of them married women — 
find it necessary to work, and about 2,000,000 are 
employed in factory and mill and sweat shop." 

This dark picture of conditions under Capitalism, 
shows "private property in the hands of the many 
abolished ;" "with many women economically un- 
sexed ; with millions of the 'queen mothers de- 

The Pacific O u t I o 

o k 

' i 

throned', their wifehood annihilated, their mother- 
hood degraded, childhood murdered, many homes 
practically destroyed." Wc do not have to wail for 
the ushering in of Socialism to find Mrs. Vvi 
dreadful fears realized. 

I> it not high time that a system of industrial 
riminally destructive of all woman hblds 
should be swept away and in its place sub- 
stituted tlu- programme of Socialism, which pro- 
poses to end this brutal ami inhuman struggle foi 
encc and replace it. as Jack London says, "with 
a civilization whose principle shall be each for all 
and all for each ?" 

Mrs. Aver) says "if we gel ai the constitution of 
the home we timl that it is the natural model of the 
government. Human existence, protection ami pro- 
gress are hound up within its walls." 

Let us for a moment consider the constitution of 
the ideal home, and see if it is the natural model of 
the government. 

In a well directed home, the husband and wife are 
equal partners, each doing his or her share to con- 
tribute to the best interests of every member of 
their little society, each consulting' with the other 
and planning- as wisely as they know how for the 
good of all. 

This family life is co-operative in character^ Every 
child, as soon as it is able, is taught to contribute 
its share of labor to the common good of the whole. 

The feeble efforts of the youngest are considered 
just as valuable as the more considerable contribu- 
tions of the older children. Now, the parents in 
their treatment of their children show no difference, 
unless it be to give the greatest care and attention 
to those least able to help themselves. They do not 
for one moment allow the strong and sturdy and 
aggressive boy to interfere with the rights of his 
younger brothers, neither do they permit of any dis- 
crimination between their sons and daughters, on 
account of sex, granting to their sons certain rights 
and privileges which they withhold from the daugh- 
ters. In this ideal home the children learn the law 
of loving service, of glad recognition of the rights 
of all. of mutual helpfulness in the affairs of the 
home, of tender sympathy and consideration for 
every member, especially for the weakest and most 

Now such a home is assuredly the model for our 
industrial and political life. Government based 
upon these principals of the home will most assured- 
ly bring peace, prosperity and happiness to all the 
people. Such a government Socialism aims to se- 
cure. The world is in travail for the new social 
birth, and when a fraternal society is established, 
based upon justice, upon security for all, as some 
one has said, "the peal of the wedding bells will fill 
the air, the black-robed demon of divorce will fold 
his tent like the Arabs and silently steal away. Once 
more will our ears be blessed with the music of 
baby voices and every man and woman will know 
the height and depth of human happiness that is 
found in the home with God's best gift, a little 

Mary E Garbutt. 

When a daughter of plutocracy comes out of her 
sheltered circle with a little gold hairpin with which 
she attempts to pry planks loose from the Socialist 
party platform, honest members of that party must 

smile. Therefore the recent attack on the greal 
world-movement b) Mrs. Martha Moore Avery, 
member of the National Civic Federation, has not 
caused an ible alarm among the supporters 

of our political creed, lint for fear that uninformed 
persons mighl be led into believing some of the pre- 
posterous charges she makes against Socialism, it 
is necessary to treat her screed seriously enough to 
make a reply and point out a few of her errors of 
judgment and understanding. 

A fanatical Russian, his hands dripping with the 
blood of massacred Jews, could not entertain a more 
prejudiced and distorted idea of the Hebrew reli- 
gion than Mrs. Avery seems to have of Socialism. 
Where did she get her knowledge of Socialist doc- 
trine? Most obviously not from the writings of the 
rei ognized leaders in the cause. 

"Vuu Socialists preach free love!" is Mrs. Avery's 
accusation. "You attack the home at its founda- 
tion. You advocate a degenerate liberty, involving 
the degradation of woman." A bugaboo! How 
weary do Socialists grow of answering this baseless, 
oft-repeated charge of the Pharisees ! Because a 
few individual Socialists have violated laws of con- 
ventional morality, offenses made more flagrant by 
reason of the prominence of the persons, must every 
apostle of human co-operation suffer the imputa- 
tion of evil motive? It seems so. Such obstinacy 
in ignorance is the most depressing obstacle the 
propagandist has to encounter. 

To taunt Socialists with Gorky's shortcomings 
is as silly as it would be for us to lay at the door 
of Republicans the responsibility for the senile im- 
morality of one of its former leaders; or to say the 
United States senate is pledged to polygamy be- 
cause one of its members is convicted of plural 
wives. The individual morality of a few Socialists, 
we claim, should not be taken as any criterion of 
the standards of the rest of the party. We still in- 
sist that Socialism is primarily a political and econ- 
omic programme, specifically ignoring the questions 
of religion and morals. 

Given a human society from which want, hunger, 
avarice and greed are removed by the fair distribu- 
tion of the profits of labor in which all must share, 
we argue, vice and crime will be reduced to the 
minimum by thus destroying their incentive. By 
the same showing, the status of women will be 
higher than in this day, when half of the sex are 
dragging gilded chains and the other half are being 
ground up in the remorseless wheels of commer- 

"Socialists," says Mrs. Avery, further misrepre- 
senting us, "insist upon an economic equality (for 
women) that is neither possible nor desirable. Not 
possible because of the difference in the organisms 
of men and women, which is not the result of evolu- 
tion, but was so fixed in the original design of crea- 
tion ; not desirable, because home is the dearest spot 
on earth and moreover it is the model of all gov- 
ernments of whatsoever kind, for it embraces the 
three principles of human organization, namely, the 
individual, the fraternal and the paternal. 

Sophistry and platitude! Economic equality for 
women, or their right to sell their ability and energy 
in the labor market for what they will bring, is al- 
readv an existent condition for which Socialism is 
in nowise responsible. If Mrs. Avery does not 
know this she displays crassest ignorance. With a 



The Pacific O u t I o o.A- 

capitalist class grown fat from exploiting the labor 
of women and children, to point the contrary of 
what she says, she gravely tells us such a thing 
is not possible. 

"Not desirable." we agree. But does the benevo- 
lent employer make allowances for the physiological 
differences that make women unfit for certain kinds 
of work? No. Think of the monotonous, soul- 
racking, body-destroying toil that thousands of 
American girls are engaged in at this very minute, 
toil that utterly unfits them for the sacred function 
of motherhood. Thrust into the labor market by 
necessity, not by any desire to displace men, women 
are there to stay as long as hunger must be fed and 
bread costs money. What Socialists aim to do, and 
what all lovers of the race should try to do, is to 
ameliorate the condition of women workers, secure 
for them better hours, better pay and more health- 
ful employment. 

In Socialism, which is simply applied Christian- 
ity, a practical idealism, is to be found the remedy 
for the abuses arising from exploiting women's 
labor. Co-operative ownership and control of the 
wealth-producing machinery will free the women 
and men wage-slaves. Until that end is reached by 
this "Christian civilization," and it becomes Chris- 
tian in fact as it is now only in name, the ideal pic- 
ture of marriage whch Mrs. Avery has given us 
cannot be possible to many. And with the increas- 
ing contempt for that institution as manifest 
throughout the land in the light casting-aside of its 
obligations, there is danger that "home" may be- 
come a meaningless word to the nation. In what 
class have the examples of shamelessness been most 
numerous? In that class virhich Mrs. Avery 
champions and which could only flourish in its 
wicked arts under such a system as the present. 
Not from Socialists need she fear harm to that bul- 
wark of the nation — the home. Not to Socialistic 
teachings can be laid the blame for the general low- 
ering of moral standards that threatens the integrity 
of the race. Luxury and degeneracy go hand in 
hand. The capitalist class waxing rich, powerful 
and insolent at the cost of the labor of the laboring 
class is sowing seeds of decay. 

Socialism threatens marriage and the home in- 
deed ! Socialists had no part in the making of our 
present inadequate divorce laws by which a charter 
is virtually given to free love ! 

If Mrs. Avery would cease from sentimentalizing 
awhile I recommend that she read our literature and 
find out what Socialism really is ; she has charged 
against it everything that it is not. As a beginning 
I append for her fair and honest consideration these 
words of Frances Willard : 

"I believe that competition is doomed. What the 
Socialists desire is that the corporation of humanity 
should control all productions. Beloved comrades, 
this is the frictionless way ; it is the higher way ; 
it eliminates the motive for a selfish life ; it enacts 
into our everyday living the ethics of Christ's gos- 
pel. Nothing else will do it ; nothing else can bring 
the glad day of universal brotherhood. The reason 
why I am a Socialist is just here. 

"Oh, that I were young again, and it would have 
m}' life ! It is God's way out of the wilderness and 
into the promised land. It is the very marrow and 
fatness of Christ's Gospel. It is Christianity ap- 

An Octogenarian Author 

"Pioneer Days in San Benardino County," issued 
last week from a Los Angeles press, will interest 
many Californians. The author, Mrs. E. P. R. 
Crafts, has worked six years on the book, in which 
she has recorded her memories of bygone days. 
Mrs'. Crafts is eighty-two years of age, but she re- 
tains all her brightness of mind and keenness of 
wit. In her early years she was a teacher. She was 
vice-principal of a girl's seminary in Hillsboro, Vir- 
ginia, from 1848 to 1851, when she established a 
school of her own at Ellicott's Mills, Maryland. 
She was married to Ellison Robbins in 1854 and 
they came to California on their wedding trip. Af j 
ter living at Santa Clara for three years they re- 
moved to Los Angeles, but later established them- 
selves in San Bernardino county. Mr. Robbins died 
in 1864 and several years later Mrs. Robbins was 
married to M. H. Crafts. Mr. and Mrs. Crafts made 
their home on a ranch near Crafton, a town named 
for them. They lived for twenty-four years on the 
ranch, which became widely known as Crafton 
Retreat. Mrs. Crafts has done much missionary 
work among the Indians. 

* * • * 

TalK of a Salt Lahe Extension 

There is a persistent report that Senator Clark 
will extend the Salt Lake road from Los Angeles 
and San Pedro to San Diego bay, grounded on the 
fact that officials of that road lately have purchased 
much property along the bay front of San Diego. 
The San Diego & Eastern railroad committee has 
begun refunding the $3o,ooo which was subscribed 
years ago for the purpose of bringing a road to San 
Diego. The money to pay back the subscriptions is 
supplied by John D. Spreckels of the San Diego & 
Eastern railroad, which has taken over the survey 
and rights secured by the subscription. 

* * * 
SeeKing' Damages 

Representative Wachter of Maryland ran for 
mayor of Baltimore a time ago and was defeated. 
He made many speeches in the city during his cam- 
paign. Wachter got a letter the other day that gave 
him pause. It read : 

"You will probably remember me. I live in the 
Seventeenth Ward in Baltimore. I attended the 
last meeting at which you spoke. I sat on the stage. 
After your speech that night I was paralyzed, and 
I haven't recovered yet." — Saturday Evening Post. 

* * * 

San Franciscan Entertained 
Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Melius and Miss Melius enter- 
tained at dinner Sunday evening in honor of Francis 
Corbusier of San Francisco, whose engagement to 
Al iss Melius has been announced recently. Miss 
Louise MacFarland and her fiance, Leo Chandler, 
were present. 

* * * 
Additions to "America" 

We love. thy ponds and "cricks," 
We love thy politics, 

Thy Standard Oil, 
Thy southern lynching belts, 
Thy Germans and thy Celts ; 
Thy Teddy Roosevelts, 

Oh, native soil ! — Cleveland Leader. 

the Pacific Outlook 


When the second annual exhibition given by the 
Southern California Cat Club opens in Chutes Park 
January 17, it is promised that a show as good as 
any ever seen in the West will be provided for the 
enjoyment of those who appreciate the good points 
of the animal formerly rated lowest among domes- 
tic pets. The show will continue for three days and 
at least one hundred and twenty-five entries are ex- 
pected. Prizes and trophies worth winning will be 
offered. Among these are two challenge cups from 
the club. The proceeds from the show will be 
divided among various charitable enterprises. 

Mrs. J. C. Girton, president of the club, has been 
interested in cats for less than five years, but so en- 
thusiastic has been her work in establishing a first 
class kennel and in studying all lore which throws 
light on the habits of the feline family that she has 
gained a national reputation. She returned last 
week from a journey East made for the purpose of 
visiting the cat shows at Detroit and Buffalo. On 
her way home she went to the exhibition 6f the na- 
tional organization, held in Chicago. Wherever 
she went she talked cats, studied cats and bought 
cats. In Chicago there were one hundred and 
twenty-five entries for the national show, and, while 
the prize winners proved to be beautiful specimens 
of the most aristocratic breeds, Mrs. Girton be- 
lieves that the contestants for California honors will 
be quite as remarkable as those she saw in the Mid- 
dle West. 

Persians and Angoras from Seattle, Portland and 
San Francisco will be seen at the Chutes, but Los 
Angeles and Pasadena wdl contribute the most 
noteworthy entries. Mrs. Girton's Siamese, until 
the San Francisco earthquake the only one in South 
ern California, will be on exhibition. This hand- 
some creature has fur of the color and fineness of 
otter. The tail and ears are dark and the hair is 

Naturally the long haired cats will attract most 
attention. For a number of years the Persians and 
Angoras have been in highest favor. The differ- 
ence between these two breeds of cats is not ap- 
parent to the ordinary person and it is contended 
by many experts that they are identical in species. 

The Angora comes from Asia Minor and the Persian 
from the country whose name he bears. The slight 
variations in fur and other points may be attribut- 
able to differences in climate. The Persian's fur is 
more woolly than that of the Angora and in summer 
mats badly. The Persian cat is usually larger than 
the Angora. The black ones with fluffy frill and 
orange eyes are much prized, as are the white An- 
goras with blue eyes. The blue or light gray Per- 
sians with yellow eyes are also in demand, while 

A Happv Family 

tabbies, silver, chinchilla and blue Angoras are all 
costly pets. In the show splendid specimens of all 
these varieties will be seen, while Japanese cats, 
Manx cats. Maltese cats and even a vvildcat are to 
be among the attractions. It is whispered that the 


The Pacific Outlook 

Champion Robin Adair — Winner of Blue Ribbon 

only hairless cat which can be found in Old Mexico 
will be brought to Los Angeles. 

In addition to these cats of high degree, the coin- 
mon short-haired cats will have a chance to win rib- 
bons. These will be judged on markings and other 
points with just as much care as if they were thou 
sand-dollar celebrities. The quality and quantity 
of the fur is the first point considered in judging a 
cat. In long haired animals tin' "lord mayor's 
chain" or frill, the tail and the ear tufts decide the 
values., In all cats, the head should show breadth 
between the eyes. The eyes should be round and 
open and match the color of the fur. The nose 
should be short and tapering, the teeth should be 

Prince Blue Eyes — A $iood Prize Winner 

good and claws flat, the lower leg straight and the 
upper hind leg lie at close angles, the foot small and 
round. A good cat has a light frame, but deep 
chest; a graceful and fine neck; medium sized ears 
with round tips. The croup should be square and 
high ; the tail of short-haired cats long and tapering, 
in long-haired cats, broad and bent over at the end. 
In the Los Angeles cat show Mrs, Girton's 
champion, Robin Adair, will have a place, and the 
Girton kennels will send Prince Blue Eyes, who 
brought an offer of $1,000 last year, King Cupid, 
True Blue and a number of other fine animals. The 

blue-eyed Angoras from the Girton kennels are es- 
pecially valuable, as they are not afflicted with deaf- 
ness, the infirmity common to these beautiful cats. 

Mrs. H. A. Stearns of Pasadena will exhibit 
Adonis and her tame wildcat, while Dr. G. H. 
Kreichbaum will send Baby Blue, one of the most 
valuable Angoras on the coast. 

It is of interest to know that the Christmas shop- 
ping season made the trade in aristocratic cats most 
active. Angora kittens sell for from $15 to $25 and 

Trouble — Scored 97 3-4 Points in Show of 1906 

the local suppty was not equal to the demand. Prize 
animals bring all sorts of astonishing prices. 

Before the Los Angeles show a few of the best 
cats will be taken to San Diego for the fifth annual 
exhibition of the Poultry, Pigeon, Cat and Pet Stock 
show. A number of the club members will attend 
the exhibition. 

The officers and directors of the Southern Cali- 
fornia' Cat Club are: Mrs. J. C. Girton, president; 
Mrs. J. H. Kreichbaum, vice president ; Mrs. W. L. 
Wolfe, secretary; Mrs. H. C. Aiken, corresponding- 
secretary; J. C. Girton, treasurer; Dr. and Mrs. J. 
H. Kreichbaum, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Wolfe, Mr. 

King Cupid — Owned by Mrs. J C. Girton, Los Angeles 

and Mrs. H. C. Aiken, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Girton 
and H. Rydall, directors. 

* * * 
Seventy-Five Cent Gas 

The San Bernardino Gas and Electric Company 
has reduced the price of gas to seventy-five cents 
per thousand cubic feet and furnishes lamps free to 
all contract customers. And San Bernardino is a 
relatively small town, too. 

The Pacific Outlook 

Insures Better Attractions 
- Vngeles and in tact, all California and the 
Pacific coast are assured of the best lectures and 

musical attractions, now that the Great Western 
Lyceum and Musical Bureau has been formed by 
the consolidation of tin- interests ot' several well- 
known managers. The Great Western Lyceum 

Bureau with offices in Salt Lake and Portland has 

done a profitable business for seven years. L. E. 
Behymer, who has worked independently in Los 

Angeles, has now identified himself with other man- 
agers and will act as president of the new company, 
which has its central offices in Los Angeles. The 
other officers are : B. K. Baumgardt, vice-president'; 
A. i .. Bartlett, secretary and treasurer. C. A. Shaw 
and F. 1 >. Hawkins will act as managers in the field. 
31 oi the capital stock or $75,000 has been taken 
and agents are now in the field preparing for next 
season's business. The Great Western Lyceum and 
Musical Bureau will control the field west of the 
Missouri river. 

* * * 
Hazing is Savagery 
\\ hen will the hideous practice of hazing under- 
classmen at colleges he abolished? The probably 
fatal fall of a young student at the University of 
California while he was attempting to escape from 
hazers wdio hoped to give him a drenching in a bath- 
tub of cold water is one of thousands of emphatic 

ger ami two service elevators, a vacuum cleaning 

apparatus and a modern ventilating system. The 

Adonis — Owned by Mrs. H. A. Stearns, Pasadena 

protests against the continuance of the fiendish 
practice. The culprits in this case should receive 
scant courtesy at the hands of the law. Hazing 
which results in the death of a victim or serious 
injury to his mind or body is savagery. 
* * * 

Y. M. C. A.'s New Home 

The new Y. M. C. A. building- in this city will' be 
one of the finest and most completely equipped in 
America. It will have a steel frame and will be 
absolutely fireproof. Two of its eight stories will 
be double stories, giving it the general outline of 
a ten story structure. The exterior of the first story 
will lie of stone, and the remaining stories of prose! 
brick. Exterior trimmings will be of terra cotta 
and the roof of reinforced tile. The height of the 
building will lie 180 feet, and it will cover a ground 
space of 100 by 150 feet, exclusive of the plunge 
and boiler rooms. The building will be equipped 
with a steam heating and electric plant, two passen- 

Champion Black Cat (Persian) Cwned in Chicago 

estimated cost of the structure and equipment is 
$400,000. Arthur B. Benton is the architect. 

* * * 
Population Estimates 

The Herald estimates that Los Angeles enters 
upon the year 1907 with a population of not less 
than 270,000, and considers this a conservative esti- 
mate, based on the percentage of increase which 
has been demonstrated in the past. These figures 
do not include fully 10,000 former residents of San 
Francisco who have made this city their home since 
the earthquake. The real estate "boomers" surely 
will need to revise their figures for 1910, which last 
year they placed at 300,000. At the present rate of 
increase the population in 1910 should be fully 

* * * 

New Street Car IVule 

The new rule inaugurated by the street railways 
on New Year's day, by which cars will stop here- 

Tamk Wii.dCat— Owned by Mrs. H a. Stkarws, Pasadena 

after on the "near" side of street crossings, caused 
some annoyance to persons who do not read the 

The Pacific Outlook 

newspapers or who, having read of the change, for- 
got it. Within a few days everybody should be 
familiar with the innovation, which is entirely 
praiseworthy. It will prove one of the greatest 
safeguards against collisions, and for this reason, 
if for no other, it should be commended by all. 
* * * 
The Oure for MotorpHobia 
Many plain citizens on the road hate the automo- 
bile. There has never been a form of luxury — or 
any symbol of wealth — that the poor man has 
treated with such intolerance as the red and yellow 
devils. Undoubtedly the get-away power that the 
new engine confers upon its occupant is partly the 
cause for this feeling, says the Saturday Evening 
Post. In the old days when the rich man's carriage 
ran down the street boy, the policeman on the block 
or the passerby could lay hands on the culprit and 
hale him to justice. But the brutal and irresponsi- 
ble owner or chauffeur can throw on the power and 
callously leave his killed and wounded behind him. 
Part of that instinct of hate which the humble way- 
farer feels when a great touring car goes whizzing 
past him on the road covering him with a blinding 
dust and filling his nostrils with an unholy stench 
is mere due to discomfort. Then there is something 
in the very look of a fat-bellied, padded, sixty horse- 
power car, with its big snout, that suggests swelling 
power, indifferent to the rights and comfort of 
others. Moreover, the motor has called forth special 
clothes and other evidences of what the economists 
call "conspicuous waste," always irritating to the 
non-waster. These privileged men and women, 
wrapped and veiled and goggled, mark themselves 
out from the common herd.' 

The people are trying to strike at the object of 
their aversion by legislative acts and ordinances 
limiting speed. The enthusiastic motorists strike 
back with "influence," of course. Are they not tax- 
payers, too, or at least tax-dodgers? 

The only way out seems to be more motors. 
When every citizen who in the old days could buy 
a "bike" can lay hands on some sort of self-pro- 
pelling vehicle, the hatred in his breast for the arro- 
gant motorist will suddenly vanish. He will dis- 
cover that motoring has its redeeming features, and 
that it is within the bounds of possibility to drive 
a big car and be the possessor of quite as much 
courtesy and consideration as the wayside pedes- 

* * * 
Greatest on tHe Coast 

The electric power station to be erected on the 
beach near Redondo by the Pacific Light and Power 
Company will be the greatest electric plant on the 
Pacific coast. It will be capable of generating 25,- 
ooo-horse power regularly, and in an emergency 
can furnish one-fourth more energy. The structure 
in which the machinery will be located will be the 
largest reinforced concrete building on the coast, its 
construction requiring more than 28,000 barrels of 
cement. The plant will cover ope acre of ground, 
aside from the subsidiary structures. The first of 
the three power units will be completed about April 
1. One of the unique features of the plant is thus 
described by the Los Angeles Times : 

"The system of water condensing in the plant will 
be unique, and, in fact, the only one of its kind in 
existence. The water will be drawn from the ocean 

by two big pipes, each fifty inches in diameter. This 
will be used to condense the steam from the boilers. 
Fresh water will naturally. have to be used in mak- 
ing steam, but it will not only be used once, but 
practically forever. As the steam leaves the boiler 
it is caught and carried through a condenser, which 
is cooled by steady streams of sea water pouring 
over it, and the steam is condensed into water again, 
and returned to the boiler by the feed pumps." 

* * * 

Do Not LiKe Hindu Immigrants 
The federal authorities have been called upon tc 
consider the case of a number of Hindus who arc. 
attempting to enter the United States from Van- 
couver, B. C. The majority of them are reported 
to be diseased. None have friends in this country, 
none speak our language and their funds are barely 
enough to enable them to reach San Francisco. 
The authorities of British Columbia say that within 
the past few years about 2500 Hindus have arrived 
in that province, where they are considered a highly 
undesirable class of immigrants. The feeling in 
British Columbia is so strong against them on ac- 
count of their habits and unsanitary methods of liv- 
ing that the inhabitants have in some instances 
burned the Hindus' houses in order to compel them 
to leave. 

* * * 

The Golden SpHeres 
According to estimates made by the Riverside 
Press the citrus fruit output of Southern California 
for the current season will be about 22,000 cars of 
oranges and 4,200 cars of lemons. The San Ber- 
nardino Sun believes the Press estimate on oranges 
is about 1,300 cars too low. The Press estimates 
are reported to have been made by men who are 
thoroughly familiar with the situation in their sev- 
eral localities. 

Many of the reports would suggest the prob- 
ability of a somewhat lighter crop than last year, 
but on figuring up the estimates given, a grand total 
about the same as the actual shipments of last year 
has been reached. Some localities seem to expect 
a crop fully as large as last year and the new acre- 
age naturally coming into bearing and the fact that 
the oranges seem to be running to larger sizes than 
last year suggests the probability of a total output 
in carloads very nearly as large as that of last year. 

* * * 
Histrion HicKs 

Hicks's two weeks' imprisonment in a caved-in 
tunnel promises to make a fortune for him. He has 
entered into a contract to appear upon the stage 
for one year, his salary to be five hundred dollars 
per week, unless the story is buncombe. Nobody 
should sneer. Who would willingly go through an 
experience similar to his for a thousand times that 

* * * 

RemarKable Mirage 

After the rain last Monday a beautiful mirage was 
seen above San Pedro harbor. The towns of Long 
Beach, Huntington Beach, Alamitos, Naples and 
Newport were plainly visible. So distinct was the 
picture that persons could be distinguished in the 
streets of the towns and boats were noticed at an- 
chor on the ocean. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Some Facts 

and Figures from Other Cities That May Relieve the Minds of 
Local "Phone" Patrons of Misapprehension 

Are telephone rates in Los Vngeles too high? 

If we are to judge by comparing the rates for ser- 
vice in other cities in the United States the ques- 
tion must be answered in the negative. As a mat- 
ter of t'act the rates in Los Vngeles doubtless are 
the lowest, considering the service, of anj in the 

I'lie Hume Telephone and Telegraph Company 
operates about 27,000 telephones in Los Angeles, 
'."lie Sunset Telephone Company operates about 21,- 
OOO telephones in the cit) ami probably live thou- 
sand more in outlying cities and towns. The rate 
for unlimited use of the Home telephone is $5 per 
month net for business. houses and $2.25 (with dis- 
count of twenty-five cents for prompt payment) for 
residences. The rates for the Sunset service are ifS 
and $+ respectively. 

Let us see how the Los Angeles rates compare 
with those charged by corporations located in other 
cities having between one and six hundred thou- 
sand inhabitants, and relatively something ap- 
proaching the same number of telephones. But it 
must be remembered that the number of telephones 
ier capita in this city is greater than that of any 
other city in the United States, and probably in the 

Boston, with a population estimated to be 600,- 
000. has but one telephone company. The number 
ri subscribers in the city proper is 38,646. For spe- 
cial line, unlimited service, the charge is $162 per 
annum ; for measured service, special line, six hun- 
dred calls, $60 per annum : for measured two-party 
service, five hundred calls, $45. In the last two 
cases, excess calls are five cents each up to nine 
hundred, and three cents each above nine hundred. : 
for party lines, five cents each up to seven hundred 
calls per annum, and three cents each above seven 
hundred calls. For coin box service — the most 
wretched of all — four party, a guarantee of three 
dollars per month is required. 

In Buffalo, which now has a population of about 
400,000, there are two companies — the Bell, with 
approximately 23,000 telephones, and the Frontier, 
having about 15,000. The first-named company 
charges, for unlimited service for residence tele- 
phones, four dollars per month for a special line, 
three dollars for a two-party line and $2.50 for a 
four-party line. The rate for business telephones 
varies greatly, the schedule being governed by the 
number of calls, and running from $60 per annum 
for 1200 calls to $210 for (1000 calls, with an excess 
rate of from three to five cents per call above the 
maximum number allowed. For direct line, the 
Frontier company charges $48 for business and $36 
for residence telephi ines. 

Milwaukee has a population estimated to be 
from 225.000 to 250.000. It has but one company in 
operation, and its charge for unlimited business ser- 
vice, single-party line, is eight dollars per month. 

Detroit is about the same size as Milwaukee. The 
Michigan State Telephone Company has approxi- 
mately 24.000 telephones. The business rate is $80 

per annum, subject 10 ;i discount of ten per cent if 
bills lie paid during the first month of the quarter. 

Xew ( Irleans, with a population of about 300,000, 
has but one company, which operates 13.000 instru- 
ments. The business rate is $10 per month for a 
direct line. $6.50 for a two-party line, and $5 per 
mi mlh for a limited line. 

Providence, with a population slightly under 200,- 
000, operates 12,155 instruments in the city. For 
unlimited service, one-party line, the rate is $100 
a year for residence and $120 for business tele- 
phones. The rate for the two-party line is $80 and 
$96 respectively, and for the three-party line $70 
and $84 respectively. 

Kansas City. Mo., with a population estimated to 
be about equal to that of Los Angeles, has two tele- 
phone companies operating in the city — the Bell 
system and the Home system. The "former has 
about 12,000 instruments and the latter about 18,- 
000. The Bell rates for business telephones are $96 
for individual line, unlimited, $72 for two-party line, 
and $48 for limited service permitting 960 calls per 
year. The Home company charges $54 per year for 
business telephones, unlimited service. 

St. Paul, with a population of something less than 
200,000, has two companies, the Northwestern and 
the Tri-State. The rates charged by the former 
are $84 per year for business telephones, unlimited 
service, and $48 for residences. For two-party lines 
the rates are $42 and $~2 respectively, and for four- 
party lines, $30 and $48 respectively. The Tri- 
State company makes a uniform charge of $48 for 
business houses and $30 for residences, both un- 
limited service. 

Toledo, with a population estimated at 175,000, 
has two" companies — the Home, operating 13,000 
instruments, and the Bell, operating 8,000. The 
rates asked by the Home company are : Business, 
one line, $4 net. per month, two-party line $3.33 per 
month net ; resilience, one line. $2.50 per month net. 
two-party line. $2 per month net. The Bell rates 
are: Business, one line. $4.50 per month net, two- 
party line, $3 per month net; residence, one line. 
$2.25 per month net. two-party line ^1.50 per month 

Syracuse, having a population of approximately 
125.000, has two companies, the Bell and Syracuse. 
The Bell, with 10.500 instruments, charges $60 for 
unlimited business service and $36 for unlimited 
residence service. The Syracuse company, with 
4.700 instruments, charges $48 for business service 
nul $30 for residence service. 

It is hardly fair — nor is it possible — to make close 
comparisons between the telephone service of Los 
Angeles and that of anv other American city of equal 
01 approximately equal size, f< r no other city has 
many telephones in proportion to the population. 
According to the best estimate-- ■ f the number of 
]>ei^ons now residing in this cit)", the two local 
panies have provided om telephone to an aver- 
age of every five inhabitants, men, women and chil- 
dren. No other citv in the world, so far as we are 

The Pacific Outlook 

able to learn as the result of diligent inquiries made 
during the past two months by correspondence and 
otherwise, is able to make such a showing. 

The figures prove that not only is the local rate 
the lowest in the country, but that the service is 
vastly more cosmopolitan in its character. For 
where in the world can you call up half the washer- 
women in town, your office boy, your bootblack or 
your newsboy? Telephone service is so cheap in 
Los Angeles that the man with the meanest income 
can afford to have one in his home. 

In the telephone service ,of Los Angeles there 
is one novelty most astonishing to the eastern vistor 
who happens to open the directory of the Home 
Company. This is the page printed in Chinese 
characters. For the convenience of the sixty-five 
subscribers from the Orient a Chinatown exchange 
is maintained with a Chinaman in charge. In addi- 
tion to the names in Chinese an English list is sup- 
plied. The Chinatown subscribers include mer- 
chants, dealers in curios, proprietors of restaurants, 
importers, editors and druggists. There are also 
many to which the high sounding word "residence" 
is appended with "No. Blank, Chinese Alley." 

* * * 

Tournament of Roses 

Pasadena's Tournament of Roses for 1907 proved 
to be one of the most brilliant and successful fetes 
on the records of the Crown City. The city was 
gorgeously decorated. Early in the morning the 
crowd, which numbered 60,000 while the parade 
was in progress, began to arrive from all the neigh- 
boring towns. 

Dr. Ralph Skillen, grand marshal, and his aides 
managed to control the procession so well that it 
was a continuous panorama of color. After the 
platoon of police had cleared the way, the grand 
marshal and his aides, all in white uniforms 
trimmed with red, led the procession. Then fol- 
lowed the mayor and Councilman Loughery in a 
surrey trimmed in tiger lilies and red geraniums. 
The members of the City Council rode in a four-in- 
hand trimmed in dusty millers and the Board of 
Trade members had an equipage trimmed in aspara- 
gus phimosis and drawn by four horses. President 
Off and members of the tournament association 
were followed by the trumpeters for the queen's 
court and the royal herald. 

The queen's float, attended by six outriders and 
drawn by six milk white horses, was covered with 
bougainvillea. Over the throne was a canopy of 
smilax and pampas grass fringed with bougainvillea. 
Smaller canopies protected the twenty-two maids 
of honor, who wore yellow costumes of the period 
of Louis XIV. Mrs. Elmer Woodbury, queen of 
the tournament, was attired in a magnificent gown 
of white satin with a court, train of royal purple 
velvet outlined with ermine and gold lace. A 
jeweled ruff and a crown of glittering gems were 

The following served as maids of honor : Mrs. 
Charles Green, Miss Georgie Bartoe, Miss Edna 
Foy, Miss Margaret Craig, Miss Emma French, 
Mrs. C. C. Gross, Miss Gwendolin Phillips, Mrs. A 
C. Slaughter, Miss Ethel Scott, Miss Adelaide Sal- 
mon, Mrs. Mabel Glass, Miss Florence Bland, Miss 
Beatrice Cutter, Mrs. J. AV Wilson, Mrs. S. V. Mar- 
tin. Miss Barbara Baker, Miss Galvina, Mrs. A. L. 

Patterson, Mrs. Gustave Haas, Miss Alice Chapin, 
Miss Alma H. Bitteman. 

Harold Rider, LeRoy Jepson, George A. Clark, 
Goldsmith Browne, George Pedley and David Gil- 
man were the outriders. Kendrick Johnson and 
Hubert Hahn acted as pages, while the flower 
bearers were Margaret Gross, Mildred Haas, Vera 
McClelland and Rodney McClelland. 

After the queen's float appeared such a variety of 
original and artistic vehicles that the spectators 
were bewildered. The various business enterprises 
were represented in novel designs and the schools 
covered themselves with glory. 

In the novelty division were many amusing 
vehicles. One of the best in the historical division 
was the old prairie schooner driven by J. R. Hard- 
ing, who with Mrs. Harding had crossed the plains 
in 1847. Mrs. Harding sat in the schooner knitting 
and both she and her husband wore the garments of 
pioneer times. 

Following are the prize winners : High schools — 
Pasadena, first. Grade schools — Altadena, first ; 
Madison, second ; McKinley, third. Six-in-hand — 
Hotel Maryland, first; Overland Club, second. 
Four-in-hands — Clothiers and furnishers, first. Two- 
horse vehicles — Hotel Raymond, first ; Wilson 
school, second. One-horse vehicles — W. A. Gillette, 
first. Floats — Altadena school, first; Santa Ana 
Marching Club, second ; Venice, third. Trade floats 
— Shoe dealers, first ; bankers, second ; Pasadena 
Transfer Company, third. Historical — E. R. Tal- 
bot, first; Miss Bernice Hess, representing Pasa- 
dena, second. Tandem ponies — Fred Hill, first. 
Ladies' saddle horses — Mrs. Demit, first ; Margaret 
Weygand, second. Men's saddle horses — C. D 
Lockwood, first ; Louis Schneider, second : M. S. 
Pashgian, third. Saddle ponies — W. H. Sweeley, 
first ; Ruth Blumve, second ; Barry Kellogg - , third. 
Auto touring car — Pasadena banks, first ; Los An- 
geles Chamber of Commerce, second. Auto run- 
abouts — Dorothy and Leroy Linnard, first. Novel- 
ties — Pacific Creamery Company, first ; Clarence 
Magee and Joseph Giddings, second. Burros — Al- 
bert Blake, first; Clarence Geldert, second. Bicy- 
cles — Kenneth Forbes, first ; Roy Pegg, second. 
Marching clubs — Santa Ana Marching' Club, first. 

Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce was repre- 
sented by an automobile decorated in red geraniums, 
smilax and asparagus plumosis. 

The races at Tournament Park were hair-raising 
in their daring variety. After the tent pegging and 
the various events that stirred the blood and made 
the heart beat, the Michel-MacWiggins chariot race 
proved a most exciting finis to an afternoon of de- 
lightful sport. Michel won the $750 purse and Mac- 
Wiggins obtained $500. 

The ball in the golden dining-room of the west 
building of the Hotel Green, which ended the gala 
day, drew together 800 persons representing all 
classes of tournament revelers. The queen opened 
the ball, after she had made an impressive entrv 
with her court, by proclaiming- welcome and peace 
in a song from the throne. The ball brought out 
many beautiful costumes and presented a scene 
memorable for its splendor. 

A New Year's hop was given Monday evening in 
the recently completed ballroom of the Maryland 

UNDER the: skylights 

In the second exhibition of the Painters' Club 
are a score of interesting' pictures. The little gal- 
lery at Ford, Smith & Little's, 313 South Broadway, 
contains a number of canvases that, even in an in- 
different light, reveal more than ordinary charm. 

Hanson Puthuff is represented by four landscapes 
that prove how earnestly this talented artist is 
working. "December Green," the latest picture 
from his easel, is a poetic and effective little study 
of a widwinter scene in Southern California. Most 
convincingly it carries the feeling of freshness and 
sweetness that belongs to the outdoors. In a mood 
similar to this first picture is "The New Garment," 
a little springtime message given with the simple 
directness that is one of Mr. Puthuff's distinguish- 
ing characteristics as a painter. "Cloud Shadows" 
and "The Meadow" are examples of the broad and 
crisp treatment of familiar scenes. Both these can- 
vases have individuality. 

Antony Anderson, known more widely as a critic 
than as an artist, exhibits two pictures. "A Man 
From Cuba," which has been seen by those who 
haunt galleries, is a strong piece of work. ft is 
boldly drawn and well modeled. The texture of 
the brown flesh is admirable. Life, vitality and 
character are revealed. "The Girl In Pink," his 
other canvas, is quite different in treatment. A 
broadly painted woodland scene serves as the back- 
ground for the girl, whose gown supplies an effec- 
tive bit of color. 

"The Brick Kiln," a spirited piece of work, is 
from the brush of C. P. Austin, who always says 
something with his well handled colors. This tiny 
canvas has a power to hold attention that nnm of 
the more ambitious pictures lack. It piques inter- 
est and suggests the greater possibilities of the 

One looks twice to see whether there is a mistake 
when the name of Norman St. Clair is associated 
with a painting in oil. "Windswept" is a landscape 
well named, for it suggests phantom breezes and is 
a fine outdoor poem. Two. of Mr. St. Clair's water 
colors that show him at his best arc to be seen in 
the little gallery. 

A. C. Conner has a marine that is a delightful 
sketch of a stretch of curving beach upon which the 
waves break gently. Frank Conner has hung "The. 
Brook" as his contribution. This has atmosphere 

Second Exhibit of the Painters Club — RareWorKs 
of .Art at Gould's 

and feeling. "A Gray Day," by Frank R. Liddell, 
is one of the pictures that is most attractive. It has 
soft color harruonies and the composition is good. 
Martin J. Jackson's name is. attached to two can- 
vases that are not at all similar in character. One 
is a brilliant study of bright red flowers and the 
other is a little landscape that is almost a mono j 
chrome. Both are attractive. 

Hobart Bosworth's "Quatros Pecos from Tempe" 
and "Cottonwoods" are among these most credit- 
able pictures. There is also a study of "Evening" 
by David Dunn. 

Harry Lewis Bailey, whose name is new in Los 
Angeles exhibitions, is signed to two pictures of 
familiar subjects, treated with originality. These 
are the "San Gabriel Chimes" and the "Hotel Green 
Pasadena." Both show that the artist is a good 
draughtsman and that he knows much concerning 
composition. The glimpse of the hotel from the 
garden is fascinating and impressive. 

The Painters' Club will maintain a permanent ex- 
hibition in this gallery. Here will be found a com- 
plete change of pictures each month and the public 
will have an opportunity to see the latest and best 
work of artists who have achieved reputations on 
the Pacific coast. 

All who worship at the shrine of the beautiful 
will find much to enjoy at Raymond C. Gould's 
gallery in Fifth street. Here upon walls hung with 
green plush and lighted by shaded electric lamps are 
pictures by a number of California artists, although 
the exhibition is not limited to the painters now at 
work on the coast. 

Eugene Torrey has two pictures in the gallery 
that are as good as anything he has shown recently. 
One, a studv of a peasant woman who bends over 
her child in an attitude of despair while she awaits 
tidings from the sea, is strong in conception and 
admirably carried out. It is painted with reserve 
and strength. There are two characteristic land- 
scapes bv Leonard Lester, whose beautiful work, 
poetic and true, has been seen too seldom within the 
last few months. William Adam, who paints moon- 
light, has sent a scene from Pacific Grove, and there 
is a fine water color by G. S. Walters. 

Manv art objects distract attention from the pic- 
tures, for, in a room that is the realization of the 
latest ideas in artistic arrangement, are displayed 
rare old books, artistic work in metals, priceless 
fabrics and numerous objects that awaken covetous- 
ness in the soul of the collector. There is an old 
Spanish chest made of camphor wood and covered 

The Pacific Outlook 

with leather painted a vivid red and decorated with 
flowers. In the chest are ancient silks and oriental 
brocades. A Bulgarian shawl, 250 years old, is one 
of the rarest of these, It is exquisitely embroidered 
and is beautiful in its colors. A few lamps by the 
famous Santa Barbara artist-craftsman, Charles 
Frederick Eaton, are displayed, and from him there 
is also a marvelous screen with shells set into the 
hand wrought metal. Victor Toothacker, who came 
to Los Angeles after the San Francisco fire, con- 
tributes copper candlesticks and sconces of unique 
patterns. In an old mahogany case several books by 
Robert Wilson Hyde are exhibited. These gorgeous- 
ly illuminated sheets of parchment are bound in 
metal-clasped and metal-edged leathers, and surely 
no one with plenty of money and a love for litera- 
ture could resist the temptation to buy these beau- 
tiful volumes. 

The revival of the use of jesso. which was em- 
ployed by the Italian artists of the thirteenth and 
fourteenth centuries, is a novelty. This cement ha9 
been employed in producing a landscape, which 
is colored so deftly that it has the delicacy and 
beaut)' of a water color. Applied to metal and hard 
wood jesso is used in embellishing boxes and other 

Elmer Wachtel has sent two pictures to the Cor- 
coran exhibition and Granville Redmond will be 
represented at the midwinter ezhibition of the 
Pennsylvania Academy. 

C. P. Neilson and Joseph Greenbaum have a num- 
ber of their pictures in the gallery of the Fine Arts 
Association in Blanchard Hall. 
* * * 

Nethersole's Lurid Repertoire 

When Miss Olga Nethersole made her first ap- 
pearance in Los Angeles last Monday evening an 
enthusiastic audience greeted her. The choice of 
"Sapho" appeared to meet with approval from a ' 
house in which the wealth and culture of the citv 
was well represented. 

To those familiar with the work of this English 
actress who has made fame in America by present- 
ing herself in plays that enable her to give the most 
realistic characterizations of women of the lower 
world, a great improvement in technique will be 
noticed. Miss Nethersole is still intense and force- 
ful, but she has acquired a polish and a sustained 
power lacking in her first more or less spectacular 
appearances. No one can deny that she has drama- 
tic talent and that she has an unusual gift for the 
revelation of the purely physical emotions. Hers is 
not the intellectual art which, like that of Bernhardt, 
is a matter of finest shadings and deepest study of 
the philosophy of technique. She depends almost 
altogether upon her emotional nature and for this 
reason has suffered from several nervous break- 

In "Sapho," in "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray" 
and in "Carmen" this week she gave impersonations 
that will be long remembered. In all she employed 
certain mannerisms and expedients that prevented 
the audiences from forgetting that thcv were be- 
holding Olga Nethersole. 

There ever must be a difference of opinion con- 
cerning the place of the plays that deal with the 
ignoble side of life. It has been the judgment of 
the best critics that the demands of the highest art 
are not met in the erotic and decadent drama. The 
fact that a repertoire such as the one Miss Nether- 
sole chooses draws crowds of hysterical women, 
who applaud what is disgusting to men, is argument 
enough to convince most persons'. It is perhaps 
the highest praise to say that Miss Nethersole 
achieves success in her special field, but it is rather 
a dubious distinction. She has charm of personality 
and she has intelligence. She may yet attain to 
something more than fame as the interpreter of 
characters that are offensive and disgusting. It 
may be argued that each teaches a lesson, but the 
lesson is not needed from the stage, even if it could 
be proved that it alwaj's carries a good influence. 

"Graustark" at the Auditorium 

Dick Ferris made his Los Angeles debut as an 
actor last Monday evening when "Graustark" was 
produced at the Auditorium. He proved to be quite 
as much of a success as he is in his other role of 
manager of the big company. "Graustark" is a 
melodrama of the most decided character. It has 
thrilling situations in every scene. Most persons 
are familiar with the novel by George Barr Mc- 
Cutcheon, and when it is said that the play is an 
improvement on the novel, its delights to the lover 
of excitement are sufficiently indicated. The scenery 
and costumes are beautiful. Indeed, this second 





Instruction in .drawing and painting from life. Classes from 9 to 12 a. 
m. daily, and from 7:30 to 10 on Monday, Wednesday and Friday Evenings 
Hanson Puthuff and Antony E. Anderson 
... DIRECTORS ... 

407 Blanchard Hall 

Send for free circular 

The Pacific Outlook 


spectacular production redeems every promise of 
the press agent and leaves the critic astonished at 
the magnitude of the enterprise, which is a 
unique stock venture. Miss Florence Stone is a 

Dick Ferris 

princess ideal in appearance and charming in her 
impersonation. Miss Rosalind Coghlan won special 
approval as Therese. 

Isabel Irving at The Mason 

Isabel Irving will begin a week's engagement at 
the Mason Opera House next Monday evening in 
"Susan in Search of a Husband," a play wholesome 
and charming. After the reign of Miss Nethersole 
and. the problem dramas Miss Irving will present 
a most cheering attraction. She is an actress whose 
beauty and fascinating personality have made het 
a favorite. All who saw her in 'The Crisis" will . 
remember her delightful characterization of a role 
difficult because it wou'd have been colorless if she 
had not endowed it with her own peculiar charm 
The production of "Susan in Search of a Husband' 
is under the management of Liebler and Company 
and Miss Irving is supported by a strong company 
including: Herbert Standing. Ernest Mainwaring. 
A. G. Andrews, Marie Wainwright, Jessie Izett and 
Edith Eammert 

Barnum as Rip Van Winkle 

At the Belasco this week George Barnum was 
seen in a delineation of the character of Rip Van 
Winkle that met with the highest commendation 
from many who remembered Joseph Jefferson in 
his favorite role. Mr. Barnum gives a remarkable 
impersonation, fine in shading and delicate in feel- 
ing. With a delightful art he brings out the humor 
and the pathos of the famous character and adds 
to the fame won in previous appearances as Rip. 

tveek. Il was acted smoothly and it delighted I 

persons who saw it. Even though New York 
(ailed to appreciate il as a dramatic work, its pro- 
duction this week proves that it has in it the ele- 
ments which make success assured. Miss Van 

Buren was welcomed hack to the stage by the regu- 
lar Burbank patrons who had missed her beauty and 
her talent. She made the most of the role of Miss 
I lennison. 

Hartmann's Programme i 

Arthur Hartmann, the European violinist, will 
appear in Simpson Auditorium next Friday evening 
as the fourth attraction of the Philharmonic course. 
Hartmann has been called the new Paganini and 
his playing is declared to be scholarly and without* 
mannerisms, even though he has been called most 
eccentric. In Eeipsic he has won recognition as 
an interpreter of Bach. The programme follows : 

Concerto D Minor No. 4, Vieuxtemps; Arthur Hart- 

Chaconne tor Violin' alone. Bach; Arthur Hartmann. 

(a) Nania, Sagambati; (b) Murmer du vent, Saner: 
Adolphe Borschke. 

(a) Indian Legende, Carl Busch; Dedicated to Arthur 
Hartmann. (b) Rhapsodie "Elijah," Arthur Hartmann; 
Arthur Hartmann. 

-Marche Militarie. Schubert-Taussig; Adolphe Borschke. 

(a) To a Wild Rose, MacDowell-Hartmann; (b) Airs 
Rucsses, Wieniawski; Arthur Hartmann. 

* * * 

Musical Notes 

Anton Hekking, who has been playing this week 
in San Francisco, will return to Los Angeles for a 
farewell concert next Tuesday evening, January 8. 
Owing to the severe rainstorms on the occasion of 

Morosco Play Well Produced 
Oliver Morosco's play, "The Judge and The 
fury," drew immense audiences at the Burbank this 

IsaBEL Irving 

his previous appearance, Herr Hekking has decided 
to play again and he has prepared a fine programme. 
Special rates will be given teachers and students of 

William Ludwig Piutti, the composer and pianist, 
will give a recital in Gamut Club Auditorium. 
Thursday evening". January 10. The first part of the 
programme will include numbers by Schumann. 
Chopin, Rubinstein and Liszt, and the second part 


The Pacific Outlook 

will be given up to the works of Mr. Piutti, who has 
won recognition in all the great musical centers. 

Herr Wenzel Kopta, the Bohemian violinist, who 
is considered one of the best of the local virtuosi, 
will give a recital at Simpson Auditorium Thursday 
evening, February y. Herr Kopta will be assisted by 
Heinrich Von Stein at the piano. 

Miss Otie Crew and Peje Storck will give a recital 
Friday evening, February I. The concert will be 
Miss Chew's farewell to Los Angeles as she goes 
February 5 to Victoria, B. C, to begin a tour of the 
principal Canadian cities. 

New University Course 

Mrs. Maude Ballington Booth will open the new 
University course, Tuesday evening, January 22, at 
Simpson Auditorium. William Jennings Bryan will 
give the second lecture, January 28, for the benefit 
of the Newsboys' Home and the Rev. Dr. John Mer- 
ritt Driver of the People's Church, Chicago, will 
speak. January 29. The last , two lectures will be 
Tuesday evening, February 5, when the Rev. Dr. 
Newell Dwight Hillis of Plymouth Church, Brook- 
lyn, will be heard and February 8, when Jacob Riis 
will appear. 

St. Vincent's Dramatic Club 

The St. Vincent Dramatic Club at St. Vincent's 
College will produce four one-act comedies in the 
Father Meyer Memorial Hall, Thursday evening, 
Janury 31. Miss Hilda Gilbert, formerly of Daly's 
Theater, New York, is coaching the students. Miss 
Gilbert, who is passing the winter in Los Angeles, 
has rehearsed "Comedy and Tragedy," "A New 
Year's Dream," "A Bad Half Hour." which are from 
the pen of the talented actress. 

About Stage Folk 

The marriage of Miss Margaret Langham and 
Lewis Stone this week interested all the Los An- 
geles players, who showered upon the two mem- 
bers of the Belasco stock company gifts and good 
wishes. Immediately after the ceremony was per- 
formed Mr. and Mrs. Stone went to Mexico for a 
fortnight's trip. On their return they will occupy 
an apartment in St. James Park. For two years 
Margaret Langham had been one of the Belasco 
favorites when Mr. Stone, the new leading man. 
made his first appearance three months ago. The 
little romance behind the scenes began immediately 
and the wedding followed quickly. Mr. Stone is 
one of the most talented actors who has ever been 
seen in any stock organization on the coast. He has 
a splendid intelligence and a fine feeling that lift 
all his roles above the ordinary. Mrs. Stone is an 
ingenue of much charm of personality. She is an 
actress of unusual gifts that promise a career of 

Miss Amelia Gardner, long the much praised and 
much admired leading woman at the Belasco 
Theater, has retired from the company to which she 
has contributed much that makes for success. Her 
husband, Harry West, also has severed connection 
with the company. Both will rest for a time in 
their pleasant home, the famous Log Cabin on West 
Adams street. 

Gertrude Keller, the well-known ingenue, will 

return to the stage next week after a retirement of 
more than three years. She will make her first ap- 
pearance as Martin Berry's daughter in "Shore- 
acres" at the Belasco. When Miss Keller was mar- 
ried to Lelande Bagley, prominent as a musician. 
she decided to relinquish her place as a member of 
the Burbank company, and her return to the work- 
she liked so well will bring her a warm welcome 
from the Los Angeles public. 

ntive Sts. 

... Manager ... 

"Theatre Beautiful" 
Week Commencing Monday, January 7, with Wednesday and 
' Saturday Matinees 

...Tllf- Ferris Stock Company... 



In a Magnificent Production of 


"Companion Play to Ben Hur" 

150 People on the Stage 

Week Commencing January 14, "The Cowboy and the Lady" 


Matinee Prices: 10 and 25 cents Evening Prices: 10, 25, 35 and 50 cents 



Week Commencing Monday, January 7, with a 
Saturday Matinee 


The Charming American Comedienne 




A story of Jerome K. Jerome, dramatized by E. W. Presbrey, with a com- 
pany of remarkable strength, including 
Marie Wainwright Hassard Short Jessie Izett 

Ernest Mainwaring Edith Lemmert Herbert Standing 

and A. G. Andrews 

LIEBLER & CO., Managers 

SEATS NOW ON SALE. PRICES: 50c, 75c, $1.00 & $1.50 



A most delightful two hours -with the Svengali of the Violin 


The Entertainer of Kings, Queens and Musicians 
The most talked about of all European Musicians 
A Brilliant Performer possessing Rare Musicianship 

Seat Sale now on at Birkel's Music Store, 345 S. Spring St. 
Prices: 50c, 75c, $1.00 and $1.50 

The Pacific Outlook 


New York Playwright Introduced 
Mrs. Maude Davis Baker, the artist photographer, 
opened her studio al 913 Hill street For a unique 
1 at which she introduced Mrs. Fanny B. Clark, 
a New York author. Mr~. Clark is a playwright 
of distinction. She is passing the winter in Pasa- 
dena, where she is working on a play ordered by 
one "i" the leading eastern theatrical managers. She 

is a woman of charming personality and extraor- 
dinary talents. Naturall) she will find a warm wel- 
come in Southern California. Al Mrs. Baker's re- 
ception Miss Margaret Goetz, who lias conic to 
Los Vngeles recently from New York, sang with a 

dramatic power that proved her an artiste of unusual 

attainments. Tier voice is a contralto of big range 

and beautiful quality. Mrs. \Y. L. Hardisoa, win 
has been heard too rarely this winter, contributed 
several songs. Among the guests were: Mr. and 

Mrs. VV. 1!. Davis, Judge and Mrs. Cheney. Dr. and 
Mrs. Charles Bailey, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Clawson, 
Mr. and Mrs. Uberf Granger, Mr. and Mrs. W. L. 
Hardison. Mr. and Mrs. John R. Berryman, Prof. 
and Mrs. Theodore B. Comstock, Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry Carleton Lee. Dr. and Mrs. Thompson, 
Mesdames I,. J. Fisk, Montgomery, Una Nixon 
Hopkins, W. W. Fisk. Misses Burke, Mary Abascal. 
Viola Frank, Keenev, Louise Nixon Hill, Burnham, 
Messrs. Earl Lewis, Lee Powers, Herbert Brown, 
Ed Edgerton, T. C. Gould, Willis Johnson, Rogers 
Lawrence, Roy Lowman, Roy Fisher, Edward 
O'Neil, William Rhodes Hervey, Dr. F. R. Perciva! 
and Dr. Edgar Chandler. 

Famous Whistler 

Miss Carroll McComas, the young California girl 
who has made wide fame for herself as a whistler, 
has returned from a tour half around the world and 
is visiting her parents, Mr, and Mrs. C. C. McComas, 
at their ranch near San Ditnas station. Miss Mc- 
Comas left Los Angeles five years ago to seek for- 
tune on the vaudeville stage. She met with im- 
mediate success. After appearing at the Buffalo 
exposition she went to Paris, where she had a long 
engagement at one of the big theaters. Later she 
toured the British Tsles and visited South Africa. 
Recentlv she has been connected with an opera 

Mrs. R. W. Poindexter, No. 225 West Adams 
street, gave a luncheon Monday in honor of Miss 
Mabel Garnsey. 

The younger set is looking forward to the dance 
to be given January 12 at Kramer's by students of 
the Girls' Collegiate school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank B. Silverwood left Los An- 
geles last week for New Y'ork. where Mrs. Silver- 
wood will study music under the best singing- 

Two important events of Thursday were the 
luncheon at which Miss Laura Solano was hostess 
and the dance given by Mrs. Hugh L. MacNeil in 
honor of her daughter. Miss Marian MacNeil. 

The Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Burdette made their 
weekly reception, held in the church parlors of the 
Auditorium building last Monday evening, a pleas- 
ant watch meeting at which members of the 
Temple Baptist church enjoyed songs and speeches. 

The new year was welcomed with many thanks- 
givings for the prosperity of 1906, which had 
brought much to ill, growing organization. 

Guests at the Hotel Eankershim watched th< old 
year out. \fter a merry card party the manage- 
ment served a midnight supper. The hotel wa9 
gaily decorated with wreaths and holiday greens. 

Miss Mar} Norton gave an informal lea last Sat- 
urday afternoon at the Country Club in honor of 
Miss Bess Palmer of Oakland. Miss Palmer 1^ 
visiting Dr. and Mrs. K. A. Bryant of West Twenty- 
eighth street. 

Mr. and Mrs. James Howard and their daughter. 
Miss Florence Howard, who have taken the house 
at No. 001 Bonnie Brae street, are newcomers to 

Mrs. Fannv B. Clark 

Los Angeles. Miss Howard is a writer of popular 

The reception given by Mrs. West Hughes at her 
artistic home in West Twenty-third street Thurs- 
day afternoon drew together a large number of 
society women who enjoyed a delightful opportunity 
to wish one another a happy New Year. 

Miss Julia Griffin, who came to Los Angeles from 
her home in St. Paul to be present at wedding of 
her sister. Miss Nancy Griffin, and Seth Marshall, 
will pass the winter in Southern California. M iss 
Griffin is a girl of much beauty and vivacity. 

Misses Martha and Eleanor Craig of Lamanda 
Park will give a reception next Wednesday after- 
noon in honor of Miss Eleanor Merrill of San Fran- 
cisco. The engagement of Miss Merrill and Volney 
Craig of Los Angeles has been announced. 

fhi second at home of Mrs. Lee Chamberlain and 
her daughter. Miss I. 'is Chamberlain, last Thursday 


The Pacific Outlook 

was one of the pleasant afternoon events of the 
week. They received at the residence of Mrs. Paul 
Mellen Chamberlain, No. 1214 West Twenty-ninth 

Mrs. Roy Pinkham was hostess at a tea Friday 
afternoon in honor of Miss Margaret Lee, whose, 
engagement to Roy Koster was announced before 
the holidays. Mr. and Mrs. Pinkham, who have 
been living at Terminal Island, are now occupying 
a new home at 4665 Pasadena avenue. 

The Indian grill at the Hotel Alexandria pre- 
sented a striking scene New Year's eve. On the 
stroke of midnight Father Time walked into the 
big room to the tune of "He's a jolly good fellow," 
The lights went out and a floral world with 1907 
upon it was illuminated. A little Cupid appeared 
to wish every one a Happy New Year, and then the 
crowd cheered lustily. 

The Los Angeles Press Club kept open house 
New Year's eve. The rooms of the club house in 
West First street were prettily decorated with holly 
and Christmas greens. C. E. Snively, president of 
the club, and Mrs. Snively received the guests. The 
following assisted in entertaining the newspaper 
men, artists and numerous friends: Mmes. J. Sidle 
Lawrence, Nelson Kingsland, Kenneth J. Murdoch 
and Lawrence J. Eigholz.. A buffet supper was' 

The Friday Morning Club's programme this week- 
was most entertaining. Three brilliant women gave 
their impressions of travel. Miss Laura Grover 
Smith, a writer well known in the East, described 
"A Summer in England,"' Mrs. M. E. Evans, the 
distinguished artist, told about "The Hebrides and 
Scotch Highlands," and Mrs. T. W. Brown threw 
sidelights on "Life in Germany." The club will 
give an afternoon tea from 3 to 5, January 15, in 
honor of the eighty-eighth birthday anniversary of 
Madame Caroline M. Severance, the much-loved 
president emeritus of the organization. 

Mrs. Gail B. Johnson's violet luncheon last Satur- 
day at the California Club was one of the most 
enjoyable of the many holiday festivities. After 
the luncheon the guests were taken to the Mason 
Opera House to see Maxine Elliott in her clever 
play. In addition to Miss Virginia Johnson and 
Miss Kate Van Nuys, who were guests of honor 
at the luncheon, covers were laid for: Mrs. Law- 
rence Burck, Misses Annis- Van Nuys, Gertrude 
King, Edith Herron, Mary Hubbell, Doris Davidson, 
Katherine Andrews of New Orleans, Olive Harp- 
ham, Clara Badgeley, Grace Rowley, Mabel Bowler 
and Florence Avery. 

George G. McKay entertained thirty-five of his 
friends at a dinner at the California Club last Satur- 
day evening. The following were guests : Dr. H. 
B. Ellis, Dr. Frank Cook, Dr. M. L. Moore, Senator 
Pendleton, O. C. Thompson, Calvert Wilson, Sam- 
uel T. Clover, Fred Herr, D. C. Wallace, j. J. Fay, 
Fred Detmers, James Long, Thomas Graham, Nat 
Titus, J. W. Webster, H. L. Straight, W. R. West, 
. H. Timmins, C. J. Millette, F. T. Marshall, G. e! 
Guiwits, F. T. Jones, F. Curtain, Frank Irving, W. 
J. Dooly, Charles D. Lewis, B. M. Stickrod, R. C. 
Green, E. F. Richman, William Carpenter, Henry 
Gunther and H. T. Blake. 


ian Crafts Exhibition 


:: The 

Only Attraction of its Kind in the World :: 

Admission to Grounds 25c. 

Open Daily and Sunday 




Finest Selected Stock of 

High Grade Jewelry, Silverware 
Clocks, Etc. 





"Wild Rose Mining Co. Ang'elus Mining Co. 

Cracfrerjack Tom-boy Mining' Co. 
PHONE F 7130 

505-506 Delta Building Los Angeles, Cal. 


..California ?he East.. 

- = ? 1 1 

There's no Better Way than the 


'Tis the Scenic Short-line between Los Angeles and Salt 
Lake City and the Train Service is Excellent. 

No Finer Train Exists than the Los Angeles Limited — 
Solid between Chicago and Los Angeles. Try it. 

The Pacific Outlook 



Working for Better Roads 
The state executive board of the Camino Real 
Association lias decided to work for the passage of 
the good roads bills that failed to pass the last 
legislature. The principal measures are the gen- 
eral good roads laws and the bill appropriating 
$25,000 for the survey and alignment of the Camino 
Real. At the meeting of the association held last 
week Frank Ely of Santa Ana announced that El 
• 'amino Real had been officially named and located 
through Orange county, the road running via La 
Habra, Fullerton, Anaheim. Orange, Santa Ana, 
Tustin. San Juan Capistrano Mission, and from 
there to San Onefre. where commences the San 
Diego county portion. Seven of the mission bell 
sign posts have been 1 placed in Orange county. In 
San Diego county, forty miles of El Camino Real 
have been laid out by Dr. Edward Grove. This 
brings the highway from the mission of San Diego 
de Alcalda by San Luis Rev mission to San Onefre, 
where it joins the Orange county part. In Los An- 
geles county there are now thirty-six of the mission 
bell sign posts, according to the report made by 
Mrs. A. S. C. Forbes, secretary of the association. 
The Whittier Woman's Improvement Club and 
Mrs. Strong have placed six bells from La Habra 
to the San Gabriel River, Mrs. Gail Borden is plac- 
ing several between the San Gabriel and Eastlake 
Park, and the association has placed nearly twenty 
on the road from Los Angeles to the Ventura- 
county line. 

To Build a Fast Yacht 
Frank A. Garbutt is planning what promises to 
be the Lstest yacbt on the Pacific coast. She will 
be schooner rigged and equipped with a 300-horse 
power gasoline motor costing $7,500 and weighing 
seven tons. Her sneed is estimated at fourteen and 
one-half knots. She will he ninety-three feet long 
over all. and slio-btlv over cightv feet on the water 
line. Mr. G^rbutt has not decided unon the design, 
but prono«PS to build n craft that will be able to go 
to sea in all weather. She must be commodious, dry 
on deck. Invc the ereneral outlines of a yacht, rather 
than a racing machine, and must sail well under 
canvas .done. Work will be licun at once, and 
it is hoped to have the en ft reidy for sea about 
[une 1. II" expects to provide for a large sail area, 
using the motor when necessary on account of a 
calm sea. At first the boat will he given no top- 
masts, and unless the craft gets matched for some 
big race under canvas she may be retained always 
under her three cruising sails. 

California at Jamestown 

California will he represented at the world's all- 
around championship, which will be held at the 
Jamestown Exposition next year. .Albert Munn, 
the best all-around high school athlete in the West, 
no doubt will wear the colors of the Olympic Club, 
and in the event that Ralph Rose, the world-re- 
nowned weight man, can secure his release from 
the Chicago Athletic club, it is likely that he will 
accompany Munn on the same team. Friends of 
Munn say that he should secure more points than 
any other Californian. They think that his high 
jump of five feet eleven inches and his pole vault 
record of over eleven feet would beat the East- 




"THE POPE- WAVERLY Electric is the carriage for all the family, and 
to every member it is more than a mere machine. Its readiness, its 
ease of control, the gentle speed with which it lures you out to where the 
air is fresh and pure, and the way it adds to the sheer joy of living will 
engender an affection for your Pope-Waverly Electric that has never been 
lavished before on an inanimate object. 

B. L. BROWN, Representative 

1126 South Main St.. Los Angeles, Cal. 



These successful cars are now in stock, and immediate 
delivery can be made. Call and see us. 

1211 S. Main St,. 

Lcs Angeles, Cal. 


The Pacific Outlook 



Health Camp Abandoned 

After long discussion and preparation the project 
of establishing a health camp for indigent sufferers 
from tuberculosis at Linda Vista has been aban- 
doned. The enterprise met with such stubborn op- 
position from property holders that the Health 
Camp Association has. changed its plans. A dis- 
pensary will be opened in Pasadena and a trained 
attendant employed. Arrangements will be made 
for the care of all who need hospital attention. The 
Linda Arista site will be held without improve- 
ments for the present. 

Reception to John Barrett 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles D. Daggett invited fifty 
guests to meet John Barrett, director of the Bureau 
of American Republics, last Monday afternoon. 
Mrs. Daggett was assisted in receiving her guests 
by Mrs. Franklin Boothe of Los Angeles and Mrs. 
Fred Sherman of Chicago. Mrs. Freeman Ford. 
Mrs. Walstein Root, Miss Maud Daggett and Miss 
Elsa Behr served tea and coffee. Mr. Barrett gave 
an informal talk in which he paid tribute to the 
memory of Lady Curzon and drew clever portraits 
of the Queen of Siam, the Dowager Empress of 
China and the Empress of Japan. 

Pasadena paid a tribute to Tom Karl's talents 
as stage manager so unusual that it was doubtless a 
novel experience even to a famous tenor, long ac- 
customed to enthusiasm when he was a member of 
the Bostonians. At the close of the first act of "The 
Mikado," the applause was so noisy and so long 
continued that timid persons supposed the opera 
house had caught fire and a panic was narrowly 
averted. Fortunately a stampede was prevented 
and the opera proceeded to a triumphant close. 
Those who won new fame were Lerov Jepson, Re- 
vell English, Mrs. William E. Neff, Mrs" Arthur H. 
Savage, Miss Chita Kraft, Miss Grace Marvin, 
George L. North, George A. Clark, Ben E. Leslie 
and Arthur K. Wyatt. 

Mrs. J. M. Hale and daughter. Miss Sara Hale of 
San Francisco have taken a bungalow at No. 55 
North Euclid avenue. 

Miss Mary Rannev of Chicago will pass the win- 
ter as the guest of Mrs. Mary Armstrong and Miss 
Armstrong of Altadena. Miss Ranneyis a sister 
of William St. Tohn Rannev of North Euclid avenue. 

Colonel C. G. Green and Miss Altadena Green 
reached Pasadena in time to enjoy the New Year's 
festivities. The wedding of Miss Green and Robert 
Neustadt will be one of the great events of the so- 
cial season. 

Mrs. Lloyd Macv and Mrs. H. Paoe Warden en- 
tertained sixty of their friends New Year's eve at a 
bridge whist party at the Country Club. 

Mrs. Walter Raymond and Tom Karl sang at a 
musicale arranged for New Year's eve at the Hotel 

The merriest of the New Year's entertainments 
was the bal masque at the Valley Hunt club. One 
hundred guests danced the old year out. The cos- 
tumes were pretty, original and picturesque. 
* * * 
Big Day for the Foresters 

Five thousand persons were fed at the barbecue 
given at Long Beach Monday by the Independent 
Order of Foresters. For the feast 10,000 pounds of 
beef, 5,000 loaves of bread, 150 pounds of coffee and 
150 gallons of lemonade had been supplied. At 3 
o'clock races and other sports were held on the 
beach. The winners were as follows : 100-yard race, 
maried men only — I. E. McCubben, first; Price, 
second. 100-yard dash, boys only — Ed. Franklin, 
first ; John Maddock, second. 50-yard dash, boys 
under 16 — P. Scheidecker, first; Jos Hartwell, sec- 
ond. 100-yard dash, free for all — I. E. McCubben, 
first; J .C. Long, second. 50-yard dash, fat men, 
225 pounds or over — R. G. Doyle, first ; L. Keeler, 
second. 50-yard race, girls over 16 — Rose Franklin, 
first ; Miss Welch, second. 50-yard race, girls un- 
der 16 — Hazel Franklin, first; D. Powell, second. 
50-yard race, married women — Mrs. Ferris, first; 
Mrs. Maher second. Nail driving contest — Mrs. 
Vaughn, first; Mrs. Upton, second. Broad jump — 
Ed. Franklin, first; C. W. Bean, second. At 7.30 
o'clock one candidate was initiated at the auditor- 
ium, the floor work being exemplified by the guard 
of honor of Companion court, Los Angeles. A class 
numbering nearly 1,000 was ready for initiation, 
but it was decided to put the one man through the 

The San Bernardino Watershed 

The citizens of San Bernardino, Orange and 
Riverside counties are endeavoring, to secure the co- 
operation of the federal government in their effort 
to preserve the timber of the San Bernardino Forest 
Reserve. Thousands of acres of the finest land in 
the state depend for fruitfulness on irrigation with 
water from the San Bernardino watershed. The 
matter has been taken up by Senators Flint and 
Perkins and other members of the California dele- 
gation, and as Forester Pinchot is in favor of the 
plan there is good ground to hope that the delega- 
tion will be able to secure such action by the gov- 
ernment as will result in not only preserving but 
increasing the summer flow of water for irrigation 

Librarians in Convention 

The meeting of the California State Library Asso- 
ciation was the principal event in Redlands holiday 
week. The sessions were held in the Contemporary 
Club building. This year special attention was 
paid to the exhibition of library furniture and the 

The Pacific Outlook 


demonstrations ■ >!' improved methods of work. Ex- 
hibits were placed in the club building and in the 
A. K. Smiley 1'uHHc Library. The special lessons 
with illustrations of how t" put them in practice in- 
cluded indexing, labeling, and mending, a^ well as 
library advertising, school work and the collection 
of historical data. The programme included many 
drives and ended with a banquet at the Casa Loma. 

Will Tour Around the World 
The marriage "t' Seth Marshall and Miss Nancy 
< .riffin December 26 was a surprise to mosl of the 

friends who have known the San Bernardino mil- 
lionaire bachelor for many years. The ceremony 

was performed at noon in St. Yibiana's cathedral, 
Los Angeles, by Monsignore Harnett. An elaborate 
wedding breakfast was served in the Fleur de Lis 
room at Levy's. After a honeymoon at Arrowhead 
Springs Mr. and Mrs. Marshall will make a trip 
t< 1 Honolulu, whence they are planning a tour around 
the world. The bride, who was born in St. Paul, 
has passed several winters in Southern California, 
where she is a Favorite in society. She is voting and 

Sugar Factory for Compton 

It is probable that within a few months a sugar 
factory will be established in Compton. According 
to the plans outlined by the promoters, Winfield 
Hogaboom and E. J. Chapin, a plant costing $800,- 
000 and having a capacity of 600 tons a day will be 
provided. Work on the building will be begun as 
si ii 'it as contracts for 4.000 acres of beets can be 

Another Colonization Project 

Practically all of the agricultural land in the 
.upper Yucaipa valley is said to have been purchased 
by a syndicate of capitalists, principally residents 
of Los Angeles, who will endeavor to plant a colonv 
in that quarter and build a city. The section '" 
naturally tributary to Redlands. 

Santa Monica After Homeseekers 
The Santa Monica Board of Trade will open an 
office and free information bureau in Los Angeles 
in order to get in touch with prospective home- 
seekers and turn the tide of immigration toward 
that town. 

To Play Baseball in Japan 
The Waseda (Japan) University baseball team 
has accepted the challenge of the Stanford team to 
play a return game in Japan, and arrangements are 
now being made for the visit of the Americans to 
the island empire in May. Stanford will be the first 
American team to be seen in Japan, and the first 
in the world to try for international honors with the 
little brown men on their native heath. 

Railroad as a Showman 
The Venice Concessions Company has sold its 
interest in the Plaisance and the midway park to 
the Los Angeles-Pacific Railway Company For $25,- 

0011. This is believed to be a part of the deal where- 
by the Harriman interests are to acquire all the 
amusement enterprises at Venice. 


George Pedley, Manager 30 Years Experience 

An Up-lo-Date Drug Store at Pasadena. 

Cor. Euclid Jlvonue and Colorado Street 


Investment BanKers and DroKers 
Real Cstate, Insurance, Mortgages 
StocKs and Bonds •& if if 

65 S. Raymond Ave, Pasadena 35I S. Main St., Los Angeles 

La Casa Grande Hotel 

Pasadena, California 

American Plan — $2.50 a day and upwards; $(5 
a week and upwards. Boaid with room in 
adjoining' cottages $J2.50 a week. Table 
Board $10 a week. Send for illustrated 
pamphlet. «a* «a* «a* J* 





La Princesse Corset* 
... Parlors... 

343 South Broadway, Second Floor 

The most exclusive woman's store in the 
west. Gowns, Millinery and Corsets; 
Prices Moderate. We carry thirty dif- 
ferent styles of corsets, ranging in price 
from o n e Dol lar to twenty-five. »e* *? 

Call and Inspect Our Stock of Goods 

Las Princesse Corset Parlor 



•I We are trying to sell good silks at the lowest prices 
consistent with quality. We want you to be the judge 


(From Loom to Consumer) 

219 Mercantile Place 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Toilet Article: 
Next Week 

Special Reductions 

14 Karat Gold Filled Bracelets. Guaranteed 
to Wear, for $1.00 

F. SELKINGHAUS ™ south iww., 

Upposite 1 he ?th blreet Store 


The Pacific Outlook 

Holiday Magazines 

No one who. reads the holiday publications issued 
in San Francisco would imagine that eight months 
ago all the publishers suffered severely in the earth- 
quake and fire. The News-Letter has a Christmas 
number that is sumptuously illustrated. The 
frontispiece, printed in sepia, is called "San Fran- 
cisco Resurgam," and shows how the business part 
of the city is rebuilding. The articles of the week 
are of wide interest. A cover printed in color is at- 
tractive. The Argonaut is, as usual, bright and in- 
teresting. "The Christmas Play: Reminiscences of 
Old San Francisco" will recall pleasant memories 
to many residents of Los Angeles. 

Overland Monthly comes in most inviting guise. 
Madrone berries supply a design for the colored 
cover. One of the interesting contributions deals 
with "Christmas Sports in California." A well illus- 
trated article views "San Francisco as a Cynosure, 
of the Eyes of America and the World." 

The Pacific Monthly's Christmas edition is one 
of the handsomest periodicals ever issued in the 
West. Its frontispiece, "A Scene on the Klickitat 
River, Washington," is an exquisite bit of color 
work and the illustrations accompanying the article, 
"At a Medicine Dance with the Navajos," by Sid- 
ney H. Risenberg, are strong reproductions in color. 
Eight monochrome pictures representing scenes 
along the California coast are most' artistic, and 
these alone would make the magazine worth ten 
times its price. The best of these are: "Moonlight 
on Santa Barbara Channel," "Cliffs Near Santa 
Buena Ventura," "A Breaking Wave near Carpin- 
teria," and "Dawn on Santa Barbara Channel." 
Lilian E. Zeh tells about "The Indian Shorthand 
Writers of British Columbia," and Charles O. 
Latzrer writes of "The Circus and The Graft." 
There are stories by Herman Whitaker, Jack Brown- 
ing, James Hopper, Adelaide Soule, Donald Kenni- 
cott, H. G. Bugge, John Fleming Wilson and Grace 
Blanchard. The January number sustains the 
standard set by the holiday issue. 

Out West for December is one of the holiday 
magazines every Californian ought to read. Sharlot 
Hall's article on "The Forests of Arizona," which 
has the leading place in this holiday number, con- 
tains information of great value. Miss Hall says : 

"It will come as no light surprise to many that 
probably the largest unbroken forest in the United 
States lies within the land that has been called 'the 
last stronghold of the desert.' The wide forest of 
yellow pine, flung like a kingly mantle across the 
rugged peaks and mesas of the Mogollon plateau in 
Northern Arizona, covers, with its broad border of 
juniper and cedar, a continuous extent of about ten 
thousand square miles — an area believed to be 
equalled only in Africa. Other forests have larger 
trees, and other sections have more square miles of 
trees, counting all their forested areas together; but 
this great forest, stretching in one green, unbroken 
sweep from the Grand Canyon southeastward to 
the line of New Mexico, has in its wide reach but 
few rivals in the world." 

There are three good short stories in this Out 
West: "An Episode from the Reservation," by Al- 
fred Talbot Richardson ; "The Instinct of Human- 
ity," by Anna Beck Allen, and "Not in the Bargain," 
by Valerie De Mude Kelsey. 

Japanese Art Goods 


Mr. I. Tafcai ordered forty 
cases of goods shipped from 
Japan. By mistake in cable- 
gram, four hundred cases 
were shipped him. These 
most he sold at once, regard- 
less of price. 

521 South Spring Street 

U. C. MORRISON, Auctioneer 


President Board of Directors 





Chairman of the Faculty of the College 

Los Angeles, California 

Corner Daly Street and Mission Road. 

Founded 1896 

Classes Graduate in January and June 

Three years' Course of Study. Ten months each year. 
The Pacific College stands for the most thorough culture 
and broadest education, and it asks for the closest in- 
vestigation from young men and women who wish to fit 
themselves for successful Osteopathic medical practice. 
Next term opens January 29, 1907. For catalogue or fur- 
ther information address 


Chairman of the Faculty 

W. J. COOK - Secretary and Business Manager 



tj£ «^6 

$4,100 Cash Buys this Beautiful House 

%£> <i^8 tJC 

The balance is on a mortgage running three years. There are nine fine rooms, with two 
baths and every equipment of completeness. ^ It's on a sixty-foot East front lot that's 
worth $4,000 at a conservative pricing. Glad to have you call at 2627 Raymond Avenue 
and look it over. •! This is an honest bargain and won't last — act at once. 




N CO. 





Real Estate and Insurance 






Thoroughbred Angora and Persian Cats and Kittens 

Some very fine mixed colored kittens for sale — Black with 
White Points; Chinchilla with . Dark Seal Brown Points; 
Orange and White; White and Tortoiseshell. 

Duke of Wellington, solid white 
(odd eyed), always produces 
white kittens regardless of color 
of female. Well known in Cali- 


fornia as a sire of solid white, gpf 
blue-eyed kittens. 

mm$mim&y--- h --M-M&:--. ■ -.:, .■>-■■■■■■■ ■■^■^i&$tmM® 



ADONIS, Gray Tabby (white 
points), won First Los Angeles, 
1906, siies solid tabbies and 
beautifully marked, mixed color- 
ed kittens of fine type and coat. 


Tame California Wild Cat. One of the Pets at 

The Los Robles Cat Kennels 

810 N. Los Robles Avenue (lh^L N ^^^l^c^ii^ y ' S ') Pasadena, California 




Printers, Designers, Binders 

The Character of the Work Done 
by The Wayside Press Speaks for 
Itself. The bases of the success of 
this house are 


Home A 1853 






Jin Independent Weekly Review of the Southwest 

George Baker- Jtndertnn 

Mary Holland Rlnkald 


Howard Clark Galloupe 


Published every Saturday at 420*422*423 Chamber of Com* 
merce Building, Lot Jfngetes, California, by 

The Pacific Outlook Company. 

Subscription price S2.00 a year In adoancf. Single copy lO 
cents on all news stands. 

VOL. 2. 

MO. 2 

The Editor of the Pacific Outlook cannot guarantee to return manuscripts, 
though he will endeavor to do so if stamps for that purpose are inclosed with tbem. 
If your manuscript is valuable, keep a copy of it. 


The Pacific Outlook is mailed to subscribers through 
the Los Angeles Post office every Friday, and should be 
delivered in every part of the city by Saturday's post. If 
for any reason it should be delayed, or be delivered in 
poor condition, subscribers will confer a favor upon the 
publishers by giving them immediate notice. Telephone 
Home A 7926. 


The present legislature doubtless will be asked 
to enact a measure which will give to women some 
voice in the disposition of community property, or 
property accumulated by either party to the mar- 
riage contract after the union of husband and wife. 
Under the existing law a husband need not consult 
his wife when he desires to dispossess himself of 
the common 'property of the two, either to ascertain 

her desires in the matter or to 

Property Rights secure her signature to deed or 

of Women mortgage. Most of the Eastern 

States have laws in this subject 
which afford reasonable protection to the wife, and 
the vigorous representations which probably will 
and ought to be made to the state legislature 
should be accorded the same consideration that 
similar representations coming from men would 
receive. The Pacific Outlook advocated reform 
along these lines some time since, and the more the 
subject is studied, the more imperative does the 
need of such measures appear to be. 

* * * 

Those who have investigated the matter care- 
fully are authority for the statement that the Cali- 
fornia statutes affecting the rights and privileges of 
women are more indifferent and in some cases posi- 
tively more detrimental to her interests than those 
of any other state. There was a time in our coast 
history when woman was not what she is to-day. 
Half a century since woman in California was essen- 
tially a nonentity. During the earlier period in our 
history the lawmakers — men accustomed to the 
rough life of the period — were confronted with no 

conditions which might be supposed to actuate 

them to protect women of the better 

A Moral class. A good woman was a law unto 

Duty herself. Her own personality protected 
her. The times have changed, but the 
laws have not, in proportion to our progress. The 
existing legislative enactments affecting women, 
and especially those dealing with their property 
rights, are too antiquated for the Twentieth Cen- 
turv. When we consider what the women of Cali- 
fornia have accomplished for the advancement of 
the state, common justice demands that even the 
slightest recognition which should be accorded them 
is legislation which will give them a voice in the 
control and disposition of the property which they 
have helped to create. It is not a matter of senti- 
ment. It is a question of moral duty. 
* * * 

The confession of the gas trust, made last week 
through one of its officials, that its plant is utterly 
inadequate to the demands made upon it by the con- 
sumers, clears the atmosphere and puts the question 
of fuel supply squarely before the municipal au- 
thorities for solution. That the gas company sooner 
or later would be compelled to admit its inefficiency, 
was inevitable. That it is operating a wornout and 
entirely inadequate plant and system generally has 
been apparent to intelligent people for a long time, 
and that all sorts of excuses and 
Ever-present pretexts have been raised by officials 
Gas Question of the company for the very evident 
purpose of curbing the righteous 
rage of the thousands of suffering consumers is a 
thing that is far from creditable to that corporation, 
to express it mildly. Just what action the city au- 
thorities will take, or what action they legally may 
take, remains to be seen. The hope has been ex- 
pressed in some quarters — and this sentiment seems 
to be waxing stronger — that the city should in- 
stitute proceedings looking toward municipal 
ownership. Whether this is the wisest course to 
pursue is a grave question. 
* * * 

There are contingencies in which it might bg 
deemed best for the people that the city operate the 
plant of the present monopoly for a time, but. we 
believe that such a course will not be necessary. If 
the City Council should decide, after careful investi- 
gation, that such action is essential to the health 
and comfort of the people, good sense dictates that 
its occupancy and control of the plant should last no 

The Pacific Outlook 

longer than is necessary to demonstrate whether 
the municipal corporation is able to conduct a busi- 
ness of this kind better than a private concern. In 
the meantime the council should 
Competition bend every effort toward making 
Should Be Free it easy for the present competi- 
tive gas company, manufacturing 
the Lowe gas, fj make good its repeated promises 
Through the machinations of the more powerful of 
the two companies the Lowe people have been 
treated in a most shameless manner. Among those 
who have given the subject serious consideration, 
the chances are that a corporal's guard of gas con- 
sumers cannot be found opposed to affording the 
competitive company every possible opportunity 
to prove or disprove its claims. No fair-minded 
man doubts that the Lowe people will be able to 
furnish better gas. They likewise offer it at a price 
lower than that now asked by the trust, even after 
the repeated reductions made by the latter. 

If there is any doubt whatever as to the capabili- 
ties of the Lowe people it rests upon the question 
of capacity. But that is neither here nor there. 
The fact is that the trust has proven its inefficiency 
and has admitted its inability to meet the just and 
reasonable demands of the public. That a compet- 
ing company should be denied the privilege of de- 
monstrating whether it can give the people better 
gas and more of it is unthinkable. But unthinkable 
things have made the late City Council a reproach 
to the name of Los Angeles. Let 
Up to the the new council forget, if it can, the. 
New Council operations of its predecessor, pro- 
ceed on a strictly honest business 
basis, and say to the People's Gas and Coke Com- 
pany: "Lay your mains, equip your plant properly, 
and let us see if you are able to keep your repeated 
promises." Then, if this company fail to provide 
the people with plenty of gas of a good quality, 
there will be plenty of time to try the experiment of 
municipal ownership. But that the city can take 
over the present inadequate outfit of the trust and 
do better with it than the Los Angeles Gas and 
Electric Company has been doing is not to be pre- 

* * * 

The suspicion that the "system" of which E. H. 
Harriman is the chief executive clerk owns or con- 
trols pretty nearly everything in sight in the way of 
transportation lines in America appears to have 
been well grounded. The disclosures made during 
the investigation of the Interstate Commerce Com- 
mission into the modern methods of combining, 
consolidating and merging great railway and 
steamship systems are astounding. It was shown 

that five railroads operating on the Pacific coast, 
eight operating in the Middle 
The "System" West, at least three operating in 
on the Rack the East, and four steamship 
companies — three operating on the 
Pacific and one on the Atlantic — are owned or con- 
trolled wholly or in part by the giant system whose 
executive head, working under the direction of the 
Rockefellers, Rogers, Morgan, Archbold and others, 
is E. H. Harriman. The railroad officials have ad- 
mitted that the Union Pacific, the Southern Pacific, 
the Oregon Short Line and the Oregon Railway 
and Navigation companies are practically under 
the same administration, Harriman appearing as 
president of each corporation, with slight and un- 
important variations in the personnel of the vari- 
ous directorates. 

* * * 
While the combination of the roads on the Pa- 
cific coast has been a notorious fact, it has not been 
definitely known, until recently, that the Southern 
Pacific owns the Pacific Mail Steamship Company, 
that the Southern Pacific and the Union Pacific 
together control the Occidental and Oriental Steam- 
ship Company, that the Harriman interests control 
the Portland and Asiatic Steamship 
Pacific Coast Company and that the Southern Pa- 
Combination cific owns the Morgan line of steam- 
ers plying between New York and 
points on the Gulf of Mexico. Nor has there been 
an intimation, until now, that the Union Pa- 
cific has a ninety-nine-year arrangement with the 
Salt Lake road by which the latter cannot raise nor 
lower rates without the consent of the Southern 
Pacific. Nor has it been known that the Union 
Pacific and the Rock Island control the Chicago 
and Alton. 

* * * 

But this is not all, by any means. The Union 
Pacific owns 29.59 per cent of the Illinois Central 
and 37.37 per cent of the St. Joseph and Grand Is- 
land. The Oregon Short Line owns 18.62 per cent 
of the Baltimore and Ohio, 3.42 per cent of the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee and St. Paul, 2.58 per cent of the 
Chicago and Northwestern, 4.28 per cent of the 

Santa Fe, and 7.97 per cent of the 
Other Roads New York Central. Of these hold- 
Involved ings by the Harriman companies,' 

the stocks of the Illinois Central, 
Baltimore and Ohio, New York Central, Chicago 
and Northwestern, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. 
Paul, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe and St. Joseph 
and Grand Island, aggregating in value more than 
a hundred million dollars, have all been bought 
since July 1, 1906, clearly in defiance of the law as 
interpreted in the great Northern Securities case. 

* * * 

The mills of the gods grind slowly, and it may be 
that the crimes that have been perpetrated in the 

The Pacific Outlook 

name of high finance will not be punisHed to-day, 
nor to-morrow; but the day of reckoning is coming. 
Harriman himself has hastened its approach by 
defying and ridiculing President Roosevelt. "He 
must be got rid of politically, at anj cost," said 
Harriman. referring to the President That is 
where he made his great mistake. It would almost 
seem that the President has determined to get rid 
of Harriman. at any cost: it not to get rid of him, 
to break t he backbone of the wicked and criminal 

monopoly which Harrisian's ma- 
Playing with chinations have made possible. The 
the Buzz-saw President ha- heard the cry against 

the power "greater thair the gov- 
ernment, a power transcending the power of presi- 
dents, congresses, governors and legislatures," and 
he has put his heart and soul and hand to the task 
of proving the assertion to be the wicked lie that 
it is. With all their overweening confidence, their 
mug complacency, their unconcealed detestation 
of executive authority, the Harrimans and the 
Rockefellers and the Rogerses of the nation have 
been called up to the executive desk to settle their 
account with the people. The little red figures that 
mean so much will be transferred to the opposite 
page, if we mistake not the temper of "Theodore the 

* * * 

Governor Folk of Missouri, like President Roose- 
velt, may he guilty of the charge of being "ahead of 
the times," but he is strong enough to outlive the 
disgrace. If the Missouri legislature is able to see 
things as Folk sees them, it will enact a law mak- 
ing it a crime for any person to lobby for compensa- 
tion. Such a law would be a tremendous drawback 
to rich corporations in their effort to "influence" 
legislation, and for that reason would be highly de- 
sirable. On the other hand it would prevent com- 
mercial bodies, civic associations and other com- 
binations of public-spirited men and 
Fighting women from going before the legisla- 
the Lobby Hire, except upon the invitatioirof that 
body, to suggest legislation calculated 
to advance the material or moral interests ot a com- 
munity, and for this reason would be undesirable. 
This drawback is easy to overcome, however; and 
under any circumstances an anti-lobby law such 
as that suggested by Governor Folk has more ad- 
vantages than disadvantages. A corrupting lobby 
is one of the most vicious institutions a people has 
i" combat, and history has proven how unequal 
the contest between it and the common people us- 
ually is. 

* * ¥ 

< iovernor Folk has offered to the legislature of 
1 is state a number of other suggestions which may 
well serve as a model for other executives. He ad- 
vocates the passage of a law requiring railraads to 

] passengers at two cents per mile; a law for 
the nomination of all elective officers, including 
United States Senators, by the primary method; a 
law making it a felony to register a bet upon a horse 

race, or to use any si >rl of device to accomplish the 

registration of bets; a law suppressing "bucket 

shops;" rigid child labor laws: laws prohibiting a 

roncern from selling its products at a higher price 

in one part of the state than in an- 

Good Model other ; and a law making the penalty 
fcr California for the violation of the maximum 
freight rate law apply to persons, 
corporations and partnerships. While the South- 
ern Pacific Company controls the state legislatures 
of California we need not expect anything in this 
state along the lines laid down by the Missouri 
executive. Inasmuch as the present legislature is 
absolutely dominated by that corporation it means 
that nothing in the way of popular legislation need 
be expected, either from the legislature or from 
Governor Gillett, that previous legislatures and gov- 
ernors have refused to grant to the people. The 
blood of the commonwealth will continue to flow. 
Let us be thankful that we have some present hope, 
as a city, if not as a state. 

* * * 
According to a cable dispatch published in the 
Examiner Gertrude Atherton, the California novel- 
ist, has shocked the august editor of the London 

rimes by writing a letter to him in which she said: 
"I hereby invite you and all your subordinates, in 
my second-best Californiaese, to go to the devil." 
These words were brought out as a retort to the 
editor's request that Mrs. Atherton publish her 
works through the Times book club, which would 
sell them at one-third the price put upon them by 
Murray, whose imprint is on all her novels printed 
in England. The trouble arose over "Resanova" 
just completed "by the author. The idea that even 
though more royalites would be assured at two 
shillings or fifty cents than at six shillings or $1.50 
did not obscure the insult — from 

What Would Mrs. Atherton's point of view — 
First-Best Be? that she would be willing to de- 
scend to bargain prices. While 
the London literary set is gossiping over the fear- 
less vocabulary of Mrs. Atherton. her admirers in 
the Golden State may taken comfort in the thought 
that she did not use her first-best Californiaese 
when she asked the British journalists to visit his 
Satanic Majesty". Mrs. Atherton's first-best Cali- 
forniaese is now and then a trifle florid, but it is al- 
wavs a credit to the coast which claims her as one 
of its most famous literary women. It is only just 
to her to believe that previous correspondence with 
the British journalist had proved that direct and 
forcible American was needed in making clear her 
ideas on publishing matters. It will now be in order 

The Pacific Outlook 

for the London Times to consider learnedly and 
scintifically the relation of Californiaese to the 
American dialect of the English language. The task 
is one that ought to amuse the Oxford philologists. 

* * * 

The Board of Public Works is to be commended 
for its decision to retain former City Attorney W. B. 
Mathews as special adviser in the great Owens 
river enterprise. The salary agreed upon, $500 per 
month, may look large to some, but a good laborer 
is worthy of his hire, and Mr. Mathews has proven 
himself a good laborer. More than this, it is recog- 
nized by those who have been most active in the 

promotion of this important under- 
Good Man taking that Mr. Mathews doubtless 
for the Post has a greater knowledge of the legal 

details of the project than any other 
lawyer in Los Angeles. This being the case, the 
Board of Public Works has done wisely in selecting 
the best available man for the post. Many intricate 
legal problems of importance are bound to confront 
that body before its labors shall have been com- 
pleted, and it should be constantly in a position 
where it may avail itself of expert legal advice from 
a source that is unimpeachable. 

* * * 

In the name of decent government it is earnestly 
to be hoped that A. S. VanDegrift will be found to 
have been legally elected to represent the second 
ward in the Cit)>- Council in the place of E. A. Clam- 
pitt, whose seat in that body is being contested by 
the former. Mr. VanDegrift is a man whose in- 
tegrity is unquestioned. Furthermore he is known 
to espouse those interests in municipal affairs which 
are generally recognized to be for the benefit of the 
community rather than for the benefit of the favored 
few. If anything more were needed to illustrate 

the lack of deference which Mr. Clampitt 
Safest has for the ordinances of the city, enacted 
Kind by the body of which he is a member, it is 

to be found in his conviction of violation of 
the ordinance forbidding any person to permit oil 
to flow into a public thoroughfare. Men who place ' 
local ordinances at nought are hardly to be regarded 
as those to whom the interests of the city should 
be intrusted, in any measure. The non-partisan 
committee will be entitled to a three-eyed peacock 
feather if it succeeds in proving its contention that 
Mr. VanDegrift received the majority of votes at 
the election last month. Law-abiding men are the 
safest kind to make laws. 

* * * 
While the police department is making prepara- 
tions to begin war upon liquor selling at Ascot, it 
should not lose sight of the fact that it will find 
plenty of work of the same character to engage its 
attention much closer to police headquarters. There 
is no necessity for awaiting the leisure of the secre- 

tary of state to find something in this line to do. On 
Sunday, December 30, practically all the saloons 
in the district of which Main street is the center, 
north of First, were doing business that narrowly 

escaped the "wide ' open" order. 
No Need to Few of the doors were locked, and 
Go to Ascot men could be seen entering and 

leaving these places with a fre- 
quency and ease that was rather surprising to an 
uninitiated rambler. It is to be presumed that 
liquor was sold to some of the men who entered 
these saloons. But whether that was the case or 
not, it is true that most of them were open, and that 
few of them made so much as a "bluff" by closing 
their front doors. If the Sunday in question was an 
average Sunday, the police department will be able 
to secure all- the evidence of the "wide-open" town 
it needs January 13 — which may easily be made an 
unlucky day for the numerous violators of the excise 

* * * 

"If I were a man of ample means," said one of the 
younger business men of Los Angeles while travel- 
ing homeward on a Seventh street car the other 
evening, "I would rent the advertising space on one 
entire side of every car in the city and have it pla- 
carded in bold type as follows : 'The Great Ameri- 
can Hog! See Him! He is Seated in This Car 
while Women are Standing.' And," he continued, 
"I would keep that advertisement running until not 
a woman was left standing in a Los Angeles street 
car while a man sat — excepting, of course, old or 
infirm men. Of all the species of the great Ameri- 
can hog I think the street car hog is the worst. Just 
look inside this car now. There are six women 

standing, and there are fully a 

The Great dozen men who are occupying" 

American Hog comfortable seats. It makes my 

blood boil every time I enter a car 
where men allow women to stand. Such action is 
a disgrace to American manhood. And yet I will 
wager that every one of those men who are keep- 
ing their seats would regard as ill-bred and un- 
gallant any man who would keep his own wife 
standing under similar circumstances." While there 
are certain "ameliorating circumstances," the cen- 
sorious utterances of this champion of womeii are 
largely justifiable. The New York idea is exempli- 
fied by the strict observance of the rule, "first come, 
first served." The average New Yorker regards a- 
man who will relinquish his seat to a woman as a 
provincial. It is a pity that the provinces are not 
better represented in Los Angeles. 

* * * 

The recent death of three persons at Ontario from 
ptomaine poisoning following the eating of canned 
pork and beans and the discovery in Chicago that 
bread is kneaded with the bare feet, and frequently 
placed between the sheets of a recently vacated 

The Pacific Outlook 

warm bed to make it rise more rapidly, will not 
tend to encourage the purchase of products of tins 
character. That there are much filth and disease to 
be found in various canned products and that some 

of the output of bakeries and delicatessen factories 
is totally unfit for use has been 
Filth and Death made widely known to persons 
in Foods who read the newspapers. But 

it is nevertheless safe to predict 
that the discontinuance of the use of preserved 
meats, fruits and vegetables and of other food pro- 
ducts which are chiefly to be commended on ac- 
count of their cheapness will not be of long dura- 
tion. The individual who is compelled to eat food 
prepared outside of his own kitchen is certainly in a 
tight place. Every passing day furnishes additional 
evidence of the pressing necessity of a pure food 
law in California. The state legislature should not 
adjourn without passing a strong, unequivocal 
measure, the enforcement of which will be prac- 

* * * 

News that there will be an effort to abate the 
picture post-card nuisance should interest Los An- 
geles, from which it is estimated not less than 150,- 
■000 post-cards are sent out annually. No city in the 
United States offers such temptations to the maker 
and the sender of picture post-cards and there is 
no doubt that they do much to advertise Southern 
California. For the year 1906 the receipts of the 
Los Angeles postoffice were $929,638.27, an increase 
of $210,584.64 over 1905. In the month of Decem- 
ber the canceling machines in the main postoffice 

passed over 2,967,000 letters 
Why Not and at Station C 709,199 let- 

Raise the Postage? ters were canceled. The Los 

Angeles postoffice is now 
■eighteenth on the list of the cities of the United 
States, counting by its annual receipts. With a 
record that has broken all others, so far as increase 
of business is concerned, the crusade against the 
post-cards certainly means a great deal to Los An- 
geles, yet it is doubtful whether it would be wise to 
eliminate the illustrative missives from among the 
tourists' conveniences. If the federal government 
must take action, why not raise the postage to two 
cents and permit the cards to do service as letters? 

* * * 

The policy which the leaders of the non-partisan 
movement propose to pursue in reference to applica- 
tions for public positions of workers within their 
ranks is the only safe course to be pursued, if the 
public is to retain its confidence in non-partisansihp. 
If every Tom, Dick and Harry who took off his coat 
last fall to help elect the non-partisan candidates 
and now wants a fat city job is to receive, for the 
asking, the indorsement of the committee or any 
of the men upon it, that body will lose all the pres 

tige it has gained by its absolutely clean and honest 
course thus far. A ready response to even the most 
insistent demand for reward for 
The Genuine political services rendered in- 
Non-partisanship evilably would result in a popu- 
lar impression that it was parti- 
san non-partisanship at which the committee had 
aimed. It would be the first step toward the con- 
version of the Non-Partisan Committee into a parti- 
san machine which might be made as dangerous, 
even more so, than the very machine whose wheels 
have now become so badly clogged as the result of 
the memorable campaign of last fall. From every 
viewpoint the action of the non-partisan leaders is 
to be highly commended. The fear which existed in 
some quarters, that this body of men might fall un- 
'der the temptation following success at the polls, is 
now seen to be wholly unfounded. 

* * * 

All citizens who are sincere in their desire to see 
a better order of things prevalent in Los Angeles 
have found cause for rejoicing in the action of 
Judge Bordwell in making permanent the injunc- 
tion restraining the council from further efforts to 
enable the liquor interests to gain their end by way 
of the utterly ridiculous "emergency" ordinances. 
Probably no other American city has furnished such 

an example of ruthless defiance 
Judge Bordwell's of public sentiment as that ex- 
Decision hibited by the now defunct 

council in, the matter of grant- 
ing liquor licenses. If we mistake not the char- 
acter of the majority of the members of the new 
council, vastly better things may be expected of 
them. Above all, we hardly anticipate any such 
flagrant defiance of the manifest wishes of the bet- 
ter class of citizens in respect to the enlargement 
of the liquor-selling zone as that which has made 
the old council's name infamous. 

* * * 

California Leads in Gold Production 

The United States Geological Survey reports 
that the gold mines of California produced $18,- 
898,545 worth of the precious metal last year, lead- 
ing all the other states. Alaska produced but $5,- 
630,000 and Nevada but $5,269,000. The entire 
mineral products of California during last year were 
worth $43,406,258. Nevada's $9,873,385 ; Washing- 
ton's $8,790,544; Oregon's $2,441,973, and Idaho's 
$16,768,855. The oil wells of California produced 
nearly three times as much value during 1905 as 
Nevada's silver properties, or $8,201,846. 

* * * 

W^ater for Monrovia 

The city trustees of Monrovia have called an elec- 
tion for February 15 on the question of issuing $85,- 
000 worth of city bonds for a water system. The 
chief property holders are said to be almost solidly 
in favor of the project. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Noted Leader of Women Tahes Issue -with a Caustic Critic; and Defines 
Creed as Based Upon trie Golden Rule of Christianily 


By Madame Caroline M. Severance 
What numbers of superfluous screeds might be happy human beings ; not 

saved writers and public were our standard diction- 
aries consulted in advance ! In default of this, many 
otherwise intelligent scribes confound Socialism 
with Anarchy, while all our recognized lexico- 
graphers, after their impartial and exhaustive re- 
search of history and other literature, place these 
at opposite poles of thought and action. 

Despite this definition, the writer quoted in the 
Pacific Outlook of December 15 shows unaccount- 
able ignorance of the facts of the case of which she 
writes. Rightly understood and stated, Socialism 
does not "make for the undoing" of marriages, the 
home, or of any feature of our present imperfect 
civilization "which right-minded men and women 
cherish." It stands, ethically, upon the Golden Rule 
of our professed Christianity, and so makes for the 
"highest social order" in home and in state. 

It stands, economically, for equal opportunity 
under law and custom — a "square deal" for every 
man, woman and child, the world over ! If that is 
"revolutionary," so much the worse for our present 
conditions ! 

There are differences of opinion and of methods 
among the Socialists, as there are in the churches ; 
but like those, the aim is one — human betterment. 
And Socialists are the most logical "individualists," 
whether they claim it or not. For they seek a social 
order in which and by which alone the down-trodden 
masses can become free, responsible, successful and 

drudges," as now, shut 
off from hope and all laudable ambition, even from 
the blessed sunlight by day and peaceful sleep by 
night ; illiterate among our boasted schools, driven- 
thus, and by crushing poverty, and even to self- 
destruction by drink or drugs, and to starvation irt 
our bountiful land ! Socialists would secure to- 
every child born under, or seeking, our flag, the 
benefits pledged by our Constitution : "Life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness." Is this faith, this- 
effort, "revolutionary"? Then were our fathers, in 
their attitude toward freedom and in their magnifi- 
cent struggle, "misguided fanatics" ! Then were, 
and are, also the noblest of our citizens at home and 
abroad, in pulpit, literature, science and statesman- 
ship — a goodly company, indeed ! 

The Socialist vote "has lessened in our late elec- 
tions only because its policy has shaped that of all- 
other parties ; and that a branch of the Socialists- 
are "opportunists" here and Fabians abroad, be- 
lieving in step-by-step evolution, and have there- 
fore stood at the polls for the fittest candidates on 
the" "non-partisan," "independent" and other lists. 

The stars in their course fight valiantly for the 
good cause ! Its tide is rising rapidly, on all shores. 
No iron-clad armada can stem its resistless mo- 
mentum ; no command of a King Canute (of repub- 
lic ar monarchy) can stay its onward rush ; no regi- 
ment of Mrs. Partingtons can stand before it with 
their puny mops. All must go down under its- 
conquering torrent ! 

THey Never Return 

Umbrellas strayed from clubland's halls 

Come back, though not in silk; 
The man who goeth out to balls 

Returneth with the milk. 
The swallows come again with spring, 

That flit when summer's spent; 
But all the seasons fail to bring 

Me back the books I lent. 

My senses strayed when Celia smiled, 

Because her eyes were black, 
But now no more by love beguiled, 

I've got them safely back. 
My heart I gave returned to me 

As lightly as it went; 
E'en hopes long lost once more I see, 

But not the books I lent. 

All things return ; in twilight gray 

Day dies to dawn anew; 
The beef that's sent below today 

Will make tomorrow's stew; 
The bill collector cometh back 

With covetous intent, 
All things return — except, alack! 

The books that I have lent. 

' They stood in "Russia" side by side, 

They filled one rosewood shelf; 
They're now belonging, far and wide, 

To any but myself. 
'Oh ! take my word, this world of pain 

Will fizzle out and end 
JBefore you'll ever see again 

The books — the books you lend. 

— Booklover's Verse. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Poultry Breeders" Show Proved the Great and Growing Interest Manifested in 

Fowl Breeding in Southern California 

By Mrs. O. H Burbridge 

That the poultry business in Southern California 
is increasing almost beyond belief was evidenced 
by the quality of the birds in the Poultry breeders' 
show just passed. This show was a revelation to 
the novice and more than a satisfaction to the ex- 
pert in chickendom. A few years ago the really 
standard bred bird was "one of the great minority." 
while in this show the disqualified bird was almost 
unknown and the standard fowl occupied almost 
every coop. 

The superintendent. Charles Andrews, an English 
gentleman who has bred some of the finest Part- 
ridge Wyandottes ever shown in the states, had the 
show cooped perfectly. In fact, the Breeders' show 
was in its cooping, care of the birds and easy hand- 
ling of the crowds the best we have ever seen. On 
Monday morning the show room was ready, each 
coop properly tagged with the name of the variety, 
leg band' number of the bird entered and entry num- 
ber of the exhibitor, consequently, when the bird 
was received from W'ells-Fargo or other sources, 
there was no flurry, no mistakes made and birds 
hauled in and out of the coops, but the bird was 
placed in its proper coop and the next one handled 
with the same dispatch. 

The first, or receiving, day of the show was as 
interesting as any other and a large crowd in at- 
tendance. Much credit is also due to the assistant 
superintendent, W. E. Stewart, who ably carried out 
this fine plan of systematizing what is usually an al- 
most endless task. The poultry supply houses, 
magazine and other booths were all placed in run- 
ning order Monday and on Tuesday, the opening 
•day, the judges were well into the work of placing 
the awards on over twelve hundred birds. There 
was a tremendous crowd, but the work of judging 
proceeded quickly and quietly and by Wednesday 
■evening almost every ribbon was up, a fine record 
indeed for any show, especially as large a one as 
this one. The judges, W. C. Ellison of Minneapolis. 
an eastern judge who has judged nearly twenty of 
the big shows in the East and Middle West ; John 
Hartnoll. an English judge of high standing: and 
ability at present residing in Los Angeles ; H. W. 
■Gunston, an eastern judge who has placed the rib- 
bons at Boston, Chicago and other cities and helped 
to compile the American standard of perfection : 
Will Purdy, at present manager of the Holmby 
-poultry yards, owned by one of the best "sports" of 
them all, Arthur Letts, and lately judge of many of 
the prominent Southwestern events, also an Eng- 
lishman and judge of many of the shows in his "ain 
countree;" and Ralph B. Randall, a young English- 
man, a breeder of standing and judge both in Eng- 
land and America of many shows, gave universal 
satisfaction. There was not an objection raised to 
their rulings, and even after the whole show was 
judged and the specials decided on. these "five good 
men and true" staved in the show room and helped 
tin' breeders on delicate points of mating and breed- 
ing, something very unusual, let me whisper. 

The show was held in the big pavilion, usually 
occupied by the band, and with its magnificent 
lighting both day and night made an ideal place for 
a poultry show. The Breeders' Society had pur- 
chased new coops for this show and with the afore- 
said fine lighting, good care and attractive surround- 
ings even the birds seemed glad to be there and 
sorry when the week was over. The attendance 
was fine every day and evening and the treasurer 
reported a most prosperous state of affairs for this 
society of fanciers and true sportsmen. There were 
no politics in this show, the best bird won, having 
been judged by straight, square men who knew no 
exhibitor until after the judging was all finished. 
'Tis sad but true that in many of the shows the 

Mrs. O. H. Burbridge 

Photo by Mojonier 

owner and not the bird is judged, but not so in this 

The Holmby poultry yards, otherwise Arthur 
Letts, had one of the largest and finest exhibits ever 
shown in the United States, having entered over 
two hundred birds. The Black Orpingtons recently 
imported by Mr. Letts were without an exception 
the most beautiful bird the writer has ever seen, 
while his Buffs were almost as fine. The first prize 
Buff Orpington cock bird was conceded by all the 
best bird ever brought into California, and that 
Orpington expert who has himself imported so 
many fine birds. W. A. Stewart, praised these birds 
to the skies. Mr. Stewart, himself an exhibitor, 
called out to Mr. Purdy before the birds were 
judged all the prizes as they were later placed by 
the judge. Mr. Randall. Rather good knowledge of 

The Pacific Outlook 

the breed, wasn't it? This was one of the largest 
classes in the show, the Orpington exhibit, and was 
handled in a most masterly manner by the judge. 
To our mind it was one of the hardest to handle, 
as the birds were all of so high a quality that some 
simply magnificent specimens could not get a place. 
The winning exhibitors in this class were, the Holm- 
by yards, Featherly Farms of Redlands, Ross & 
Tate, Goodacre Bros, and Mr. Collins. 

The Wyandotte classes were next in size, and 
another hard one to judge for quality in excess was 
there and high scoring birds that ordinarily would 
take the blue were crowded out. Anna L. Pinker- 
ton had one of the finest exhibits of White Wyan- 
dottes ever shown, with firsts and seconds galore, 
while in the words of Judge Ellison, "numbers of 
94}4-point birds didn't come in for a place." 

The Columbians were another strong class, with 
the prizes about equally divided between Ed. Bur- 
nell, Frank Ironmonger and A. H. Memmler. The 
latter gentleman is a fancier of the highest type 
and is planning to make a Columbian Wyandotte 
ranch of his beautiful Sunny Slope place that will 
make the eastern Columbian breeders "sit up and 
take notice." His chief competitor in this plan is 
Ed. Burn ell, who has the largest flock of standard 
bred Columbians in the United States. His win- 
ning birds in this show were bred by himself on his 
magnificent orange ranch at South Pasadena. His 
first prize pullet which won shape and color, Colum- 
bian Wyandotte Club special, was conceded by all 
to be one of the best Columbians produced up to 
this time. The display of Mr. Ironmonger, the 
pioneer importer and breeder of Columbians, was 
also fine. 

The Partridge Wyandottes were one of the best 
classes ever seen in the United States, and Judge 
Ellison said they were the best Partridge Dottes 
he had ever seen. The principal exhibitors in this 
class were Charles Andrews and L. D. Berkey. Buff 
Wvandottes were fine in type and of a soft golden 
buff color. The -principal exhibitors were O. S. 
Hofman of San Jacinto and T. T. Gardena of Gar- 
dena. The Silver and Golden Laced Wyandottes 
were small classes but good in quality. 

The Barred and White Plymouth Rocks were 
both fine classes, the honors in Barred deserved^, 
going to Fred Espe with a solendid string, A. G. 
Williams with another and S. B. Wolf, who has re- 
cently established what is considered one of the 
finest Barred Rock plants in the country, all of Los 
Angeles. The ribbons in White Rocks were divided 
between Mrs. Durfee, Henry Mumford and others 
whose names have skipped us. 

The Rhode Island Reds were another alley of 
classy birds, the largest exhibit of any one variety 
in the show. H. W. Gunston, the best Rhode Is- 
land Red iudge in the States, and, as already stated, 
the compiler of this breed in the standard, placed 
the ribbons on this variety and pronounced them 
eciual to the best seen in the largest eastern shows. 
The winners in this varietv were Red Feather poul- 
try vards at Monrovia. Lake Avenue poultry yards 
at Pasadena and others. 

The Bantams were a beautiful exhibit, the little 
fellows showing' duality to burn. One of the prin- 
cir>al winners of ribbons and cups in Bantams was 
LeRoy B. Burnell, who exhibited the best string 
of Black Tailed Japanese ever shown in this coun- 

try. This gentleman has been a breeder for a num- 
ber of years and is eight years old. 

There were some fine turkeys, both Bronze and 
White Hollands, a fine exhibit of ducks, the White 
Pekin winnings going to Mrs. Harry Meserve, the 
Holmby yards and Goodacre Bros., who had some 
beautiful Buff Orpington ducks also. Mrs. Hunger- 
ford of Hynes had some of her fine Indian Runners. 
Mrs. Harry Meserve, one of the hardest worked 
members of the Society, had a beautiful flock of 
ducks and Toulouse geese, her exhibit being one of 
great interest to the prospective breeders who have 
heard of the tremendous success this charming little 
woman has made. She was the life of the show, al- 
though "there were othere," as the Breeders' So- 
ciety is "long" on its interested women breeders. 
They had specialty judges on most of the classes, and 
I feel sure that this show has been more of an edu- 
cation than any six previous ones. The Doke Stock 
Food Company had a most attractive exhibit, with 
Mrs. Anna Williams demonstrating the Sure Hatch 
incubators and brooders, and the "darling baby 
chicks" kept that end of the room crowded most of 
the time. 

The most artistic exhibit was that of the Mission 
incubators. It was gotten up in Mission style with 
weathered oak, heavy wrought iron chains, green 
palms and ferns, the new Mission incubator being 
handsome enough to carry out the general effect, 
and last but not least, Mike, the beautiful, ugly bull- 
dog who is the guardian of the peace at the Ingle- 
wood ranch, where the incubator and the fine White 
Wyandottes and other good things are worked out 
in the fertile brain of the pretty chatelaine, Anna L. 
Pinkerton-Gardner. Next came the baby ducks 
hatched in the Los Angeles incubator by Mrs. 
Harry Meserve, who took so many orders for eggs 
and stock from the visitors who clustered round the 
ducklings that she will have to light the sleeping 
ouarters of the ducks so she can get two eggs ever)' 
twenty-four hours. The Pacific Fancier booth was 
next in line with the new book, "California Poultry 
Culture," as a special feature, and subscriptions and 
orders for the magazine and book poured in. C. B. 
AVilliams of Ontario had an attractive booth 
trimmed with long sprays of ivy where he showed 
his O. K. trap nest and an automatic feeder. He 
had a bunch of busy hens exhibiting the feeder for 
him. They were certainl}*- an attraction to the man 
who is scheming to get eggs all the year round, for 
it is "the busy hen that lays the egg." The Old 
Trusty incubator and brooder were in charge of 
A. G. McClanahan and made many new friends. 
The West Coast Stock Food had the next booth 
with a fine display of their justly celebrated goods, 
poultry foods and the Pacific incubator and brood- 
ers. Mr. Cook's poultry remedies attracted a crowd 
all week, Cook's Fresh Air incubators and brooders, 
being a noveltv. Mrs. A. G. Williams sat opposite 
her beautiful Rocks with her Kileroup and tried to 
whisper to most of the people who were anxious 
to learn about ooultry diseases and their cures. Mr. 
Mills of Lordsburg had an automatic feeder on one 
side of the stage with a flock of his Leghorns busilv 
demonstrating; the fine points of his invention. We 
think that next year he will exhibit birds as well as 
feeder, for they are both deserving of it. 

There was an enthusiastic meeting of the Poultry 
Breeders' Society Saturday evening, when a num- 
ber of new members were taken in, after which the 

The Pacific Outlook 

presentation of cups was made by the President, L. 
I). Berkey, who spoke well and wittily. There was 
an address l>y the secretary, L. D. Walton, and the 

report of the successful second annual show which 
was roundly cheered. A Wyandotte Club was 
formed and seventeen breeders signed as charier 
members. Ed. Burbell was made President and 
Frank Ironmonger Secretary-Treasurer, and each 
member pledged himself to spread the glad tidings 
and make this specialty club as large as the Xution- 

j& & j& 

al Wyandotte Club within a short time. 

We have visited hundreds of shows, hut never 
before one where the cordial, helpful Feeling pre- 
vailed that is so much a part of the Breeders' So 

ciety. There is no jealousy, each man and woman 
works for the good of all. and we think this broad- 
minded policy will result in more fanciers and con- 
sequently bigger and better shows each year. One 
little woman said late Sunday evening: "Oh! I'm 
so tired I could cry, but I'm sorry it is not beginning 
instead of ending." 


Grounds for the Belief tHat tHe Recent Increase in the Death Rate is 

tributable in Part to the Gas Famine 


Pneumonia and all pulmonary diseases have in- 
creased greatly in Los Angeles since the rains be- 
gan. While statistics at the office of the health de- 
partment prove that the death rate is invariably 
greater in January than in any month of the year, 
this month doubtless will show figures far above 
all previous averages. How far the lack of gas and 
fuel is responsible for what is an unusual mortality 
cannot be determined. There can be no doubt, 
however, that man}' lives have been lost because, at 
a period when the weather was more unhealthful 
than at any other time in the year, it has been im- 
possible to provide warmth in hundreds of house- 

Owing to the general use of coal oil heaters and 
the consequent accompaniment of bad air, contagi- 
ous and infectious diseases have spread and phy- 
sicians have begun the new year with more work 
than they can do without over-exertion. These 
facts are not necessarily detrimental to Los Angeles. 
for relatively the mortality is still less than in east- 
ern cities. 

"This is the season when invalids come to the' 
coast from all parts of the L^nited States." ex- 
plained Dr. L. M. Powers of the health department. 
"Many tourists wait until it is too late for climate 
or any other aid to improve their condition. They 
die almost as soon as they reach Southern Califor- 
nia, and their names are put on the records. Each 
year this city grows so tremendously that it is diffi- 
cult to obtain any fair idea of health conditions by- 
comparing figures. If this January is marked by 
many more deaths than January, ieo6, it would not 
mean that the rate per thousand had become higher 
necessarily, because the population is much larger 
than it was last year. 

"It is to be expected that cases of pneumonia 
should multiply. We have had more rain and a 
lower temperature than usual. While colds of ever} 
degree of danger and unpleasantness have been 
prevalent, it is not fair to say that the month will 
show an unprecedented number of deaths from pul- 
monary diseases. It is to be remembered that tour- 
ists bring colds with them and that because we do 
not have snow here they think it is summer and 
take foolhardy risks." 

Although it is impossible for the health officers 

to form any adequate idea of the effect of the fuel 

famine, it is conceded by physicians who are over 

Imed with calls that a great deal of illness has 

been traceable to houses insufficiently heated. Chil- 
dren and old persons have been the principal suffer- 
ers. Notwithstanding the influx of eastern visitors 
and the decided access of population each year from 
persons reared in the East and Middle West, too 
little attention is given to ventilation and heating 
problems in public buildings as well as in private 
houses. Rooms heated b'- the sun on fair days and 
either not heated at all, or made warm and close 
by kerosene stoves, are to be found by the hundred. 
Even in homes that make a pretense of comfort un- 
used fireplaces are numerous because the fuel prob- 
lem is two-sided. When coal and briquettes are 
plentiful, the labor of tending a fire in households 
where servants are not a part of the menage pre- 
vents many families from enjoying a pleasant tern 

"The surprise should be that so manv escape ill- 
ness," said a phvsician. "I find children shut up 
in close rooms where their parents sit wrapped in 
shawls. Cool weather affects Southern Californians 
unpleasantly, for they are unaccustomed to it and 
they appear to be unable to adjust their habits to 
meet its demands. They do net dress sensibly. 
Low shoes and summer clothing are common. The 
only concession to winter is the overcoat or heavy 
wrap. Oh, I should not forget the furs. Furs ap- 
pear to be fashionable this winter and women wea; 
them in season and out of season. Nothing makes 
the throat and chest so weak as a fur collar that is 
part of the costume on warm days as well as when 
there is a hint of frost in the air. The fur boa or 
tippet with a muslin shirt waist that has elbow 
sleeves is a combination that assures luxuries for 
the phvsicians. A supply of fresh air and common 
souse is needed quite as much as a fuel supply. T 
find a fresh air famine everywhere, even in public 
nlaces that should be scientifically ventilated." 

With the rain each year come contagious and in- 
fectious diseases. The Christmas shopping season 
affords the best opportunities for the spread of 
measles, scarlet fever, chickenpox and all the other 
germ maladies. So far ^w has been no danger 
of any epidemic. Although the annual vaccination 
agitation has turned attention to smallpox, there is 
not a case at present. Three afternoons each week 
the school children who have not been vaccinated 
by a familv phvsician have a chance to present arms 
to the citv phvsician's assistants. Most of the 
young visitors r>t the office of the health department 

The Pacific Outlook 

;>re boys who heroically endure the trifling opera- 
tion, although numerous girls are compelled to go 
through the ordeal. Because Los Angeles is the 
gateway from Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Old 
Mexico to the entire coast, the smallpox menace 
formerly demanded heroic measures for protection. 
So careful is the management of quarantine regu- 
lations and so faithful are the officials who watch 
the avenues of entrance that the danger of con- 
tagion is now reduced to a minimum. The strin- 
gency with which the public school regulations con- 
cerning vaccination are inforced is believed to be 
one cause of what is now practically an immunity 
from what was once almost an annual epidemic 
among certain classes. 

* * * 

The Fight on Gas, 

The People's Gas & Coke Company, commonly 
known as the Lowe company, has been circulating- 
thousands of large six-page circulars calling^ atten- 
tion to the efforts it has been making to furnish the 
people of Los Angeles with gas of a good quality. 
Probably no other advertising literature ever cir- 
culated from house to house has ever been more 
widely read, for the gas question is one of intense 
interest to all householders in this city. The com- 
pany announces that it has entered into a contract 
to extend over 300 miles of street mains to all parts 
of the city, and that active street work is now in 

Cheap gas has been Prof. Lowe's main object 
since the first conception of the invention of water 
gas, knowing that when it reached the right price, 
gas would become the domestic fuel of the world. 
How well his hopes have been realized is shown 
by the fact that now fully eighty per cent, of all the 
gas made in the United States is by his process, by 
the adoption of which the price of gas has fallen 
from one-half to two-thirds of its former cost to 
consumers, until now a far better quality of gas can 
be sold at $1.00 per thousand cubic feet than for- 
merly sold at $3.00 and in some instances $4.00, 
when the Lowe water gas inventions were first 
brought out. 

In its "open letter," the People's company says : 

"We would emphasize the fact that no old styled 
and badly managed system of gas manufacture, like 
that in use by the Gas and Electric Company for 
the past fifteen years, will ever be able under any 
circumstance, to even approximately meet the needs 
of a growing city like Los Angeles, which at its 
present rate will every year outgrow any old 
method of supplying gas for any purpose, one im- 
portant reason being that owing to the leaky condi- 
tion of its cast iron street mains, sufficient pressure 
can never be had without endangering the whole 
central portion of the city, to supply consumers at 
even a moderate distance from the works, to say 
nothing of the many miles of outlying territory that 
is so rapidly beine built up. 

"No stronger evidence could be had of the utter 
inability of the management of the Los Gas. and 
Electric Company to handle a situation of this mag- 
nitude than the continual ups and downs of pres- 
sure in different parts of the citv — with often no 
pressure at all. The citv at times beine left entirely, 
out of gas for days and. worse than all, when sup- 
plied, it is of that quality that should not be per- 
mitted to be distributed, on sanitarv grounds. 

"Another evidence of inability lies in expending 
large sums of money in unnecessary gas holder 
capacity, holding out to the community that large 
gas holders would prevent them from again being 
out of gas. Since these huge holders have been put 
into commission, the service has been worse and the 
people have found out that gas holders of great 
dimensions do not produce gas. They also have 
before them daily evidence of bad methods of mak- 
ing gas. 

"No well regulated city would for one day allow 
the operation of any concern whether for the manu- 
facture of gas or the generation of steam where 
such smoke is emitted as at the works in question. 
They would be compelled to use a smokeless fuel, 
either anthracite coal or coke, such as the gen- 
erators were originally intended to employ." 

* * » 

Boon of Traveling Libraries 

Within the last year the field of the Traveling 
Libraries Department of the California State Libra- 
ry has widened and interest in what is a most suc- 
cessful work has increased greatly. The traveling 
library plan has been put in operation for the dis- 
tribution of books from a center to places geogra- 
phically remote. Each traveling library contains 
fifty books dealing with such subjects as ethics, 
religion, social science, natural science, literature, 
fiction, description and travel, biography, history, 
The libraries are sent out in cases accompanied by 
loan cards and full instructions for the manage- 
ment of the books. The libraries are placed in 
school houses, churches, stores and private houses 
just as may happen to be convenient. 

When it is remembered that, after a satisfactory 
guarantee is made, the libraries will be sent to any 
community which is without a public library, the 
real value of this system will be appreciated. All 
that is necessary is application from five resident 
taxpayers, who will meet, elect a president and a 
secretary and obtain certification from a superior 
judge. Each library may be kept three months and 
by special permission the time may be extended 
to six months. 

The first traveling library was sent out December 
14, 1903. There are now 202 communities in Cali- 
fornia that have organized associations and ob- 
tained the privilege of borrowing libraries. Last 
month fourteen new associations were formed. 
Since the traveling library department was started, 
549 libraries have been sent out. The total number 
of borrowers is now 15,560 and the total circulation 

There is a study club section of the Traveling 
Libraries Division that supplies special libraries 
to any registered club upon application of two resi- 
dent taxpayers. All communications should be ad- 
dressed to the California State Library, Traveling 
Libraries Department, Sacramento, California. 

* * * 
Subway Ordinance Sig'ned 

Mayor Harper has signed the ordinance granting 
to the Harriman interests the right to construct 
the western subway paralleling Fourth street, but 
he expresses an unwillingness to grant the demands 
of the railway company for the right to build other 
subways until it agrees to pay $10,000 for the • 
privilege, instead of $1,000. 

The Pacific Outlook 



New Executive Urges Immediate Construction of New "Water System, Better 
ScHool Facilities and Municipal Ownership of Gas Plant 

Mayor Harper lias assumed the reins of govern- 
ment at a critical period in the history of Los An- 
geles, and his views on several important matters 
affecting the progress and general welfare of the 
city are of peculiar interest at this time. His policy 
is outlined fully and is free from evidences of subter- 
fuge in his inaugural address. He made some state- 
ments in his address, which may be considered as 
a message to the City Council, which should be im- 
pressed upon the minds of all voters. Some of the 
salient points in his address are to be found in the 
following brief extracts : 

City's water supply — Construction of the Owens 
river aqueduct should be begun without unnecessary 
delay : completion should be brought about as soon 
as possible. The time has arrived when petty dif- 
ferences of opinion should be cast aside and all 
should join hands in bringing the water here in the 
quickest, cheapest possible manner, without taint 
of dishonesty. Without criticising officials having 
the project in charge during the preliminary work, 
it is my belief that the public is entitled to all the 
information. In purchasing water bearing lands it 
was undoubtedly advisable to work as secretly as 
possible, but no detail attending the construction or 
the cost of the system should be withheld from the 
public. It is the people's money which will pay for 
the gigantic system, and the people are entitled to 
know all there is to know. 

City and county consolidation. — Among the many 
advantages of consolidation are : First — Economy 
which would result in having one set of officers to 
conduct city and county affairs. Second — Sharing 
• of the Owens river water by all territory included 
within the boundaries of the proposed consolidated 
city and county. Third — Securing a harbor for Los 

Finances. — This year, as in past years, it has ap j 
peared impossible to raise sufficient money by taxa- 
tion to meet the demands of the growing city. Each 
year a deficit, has been threatened before six months 
had elapsed. This year will be no exception . There- 
fore I caution all officials to proceed with the ut- 
most caution and economy. There is need of a re- 
form in the bookkeeping system of the auditor's 
offite. A system should be installed by which the 
people may know the condition of the city's finances 
as well as the finance committee of the city council 
and the auditor. 

Public library. — The city should have its own 
building, now that the decision of the supreme court 
solves the problem of a site by making Central park 
available. The average rental of the present quar- 
ters for five years would pay 4 per cent interest on 
practically a $300,000 bonded indebtedness. Three 
hundred thousand dollars will not build a library 
sufficient for a city as this even six years hence. A 
first-class, fireproof business structure, severely 
simple, but beautiful in its lines, and fully adapted 
to the requirements of the business, seems to be the 
only solution. As future needs come they can be 
met by adding more stories. A bond issue of $350,- 

000 would lay the foundation on a plan sufficient 
for several years. 

New city hall. — Immediate action should be taken 
to relocate and erect a new city hall. The present 
city hall is overcrowded and is not fireproof. Before 
a new building can be erected the present one will 
be wholly unfit for the purpose for which it is be- 
ing used. The present site is valued upward of 
$500,000. The land could be sold for nearly enough 
to build a hall suitable for the needs of a city of a 
half million people, if not more. 

Schools. — Los Angeles must make it possible for 
every child within its limits to attend a public 
school for a full session each day during the school 
year. To do this more schools are needed. The 
school department has outgrown its equipment 
every year for the past ten years, and as yet no pro- 
vision has been made for this regular annual in- 
crease in our school population. It is evident that 
the regular annual ten per cent increase in the 
school population of the city requires an annual 
building fund equally regular in its appearance to 
meet it. The regular rate of increase for some years 
has been 3500 or more. The situation is a desperate 
one. It is not possible to provide an education for 
these boys and girls unless the additional buildings, 
ground and equipment at $3000 per room be pro- 
vided. This means that in order to keep pace with 
the demand an annual building fund of $210,000, in 
addition to the usual appropriation for maintaining 
the schools should be created. 

Liquor. — I am not in favor of any change or ex- 
tension of the liquor zone, and recommend that no 
action be taken which would increase the present 
number of retail liquor licenses. 

Gas. — The people want a true explanation of the 
cause, and of the present gas situation. They want 
to know why a famine was made possible, and if 
there is danger of another. With this cry comes 
another for better- service and lower gas bills. Thev 
have long since passed the point of requesting for 
information- — they are now making demands. 

I am convinced by my inquiries there is but one 
way to quiet the people and prevent, if this is pos- 
sible, another famine, and that is by an official in- 
vestigation. An investigation can harm no person 
or corporation is my belief. The people are entitled 
to it. Furthermore, they are looking to city officials 
to make it. Therefore I recommend that a com- 
mittee, made up of members of your honorable 
body, assisted by some competent man having 
knowledge of gas plants, begin an investigation at 

It has been proven clearly to my mind that it is 
the irregular and low pressure which is responsible 
for high gas bills. Some measure should be adopted 
either voluntarily by the corporation or through 
the adoption of an ordinance which will do away 
with high gas bills when service is poor and when 
consumers have a right to expect small bills. 

The time is not far distant when the people of 
Los Angeles will ask for the privilege of voting on 


The Pacific Outlook 

the question of municipal ownership of its 
lighting plant. I believe a municipal lighting 
plant will not only be a saving to the city, but with 
the power expected to be developed by the new 
water system, will give us the best-lighted city in 
the world. An inquiry looking to such a change 
should be instituted at once. 

Should an investigation of the gas situation be 
deemed expedient by your honorable body, it might 
be advisable to inquire into a report prevalent to 
the effect that the gas company, anticipating the 
adoption of a municipal lighting system immediate- 
ly, has refrained from making only necessary im- 
provements and enlarging its mains in order to save 
the money which would go into these improvements. 
* * * 


He Liked Melodrama 

A small boy on the East Side had saved a whole 
quarter, which he spent to see a melodrama at the 
Grand Opera House. He went to a Saturday 
matinee without taking the preliminary precaution 
to consult his mother. His enjoyment was so great, 
however, that he could not keep the secret of his 
venture into the theatrical world and after he had 
confessed he described his experience as follows : 

"Oh, it was fierce, There was a beautiful lady 
who had a lot of trouble. A bad man with a black 
moustache was so silly he was always wanting 
to kiss her and it made her awful tired. At last one 
dark night he caught her by the arm. She didn't 
have on any sleeves and he held her with a vise-like 
grip. 'Unhand me, Villain,' she said, but he wouldn't, 
so she drew from her waist a jeweled dagger (after 
she had unhanded herself by wrestling) and she 
dagged and dagged him until he fell on the floor. I 
thought he was dead, but he wasn't, for he got up 
and bowed hold of hands with her when the people 
clapped and stamped their feet. But I guess the 
dagging scared him, for he didn't have 'anything to 
do for the rest of the play." 

Her Christmas Gift 

Just before the holidays one of the teachers in a 
school in Sonoratown brought out an expression of 
the Christmas spirit that gave her a shock. 

"I want the children to tell me what they intend 
to give their mothers for Christmas," she said look- 
ing over her class of black headed, pupils. 

Several little brown hands were raised. 

"Dolores may speak first," the teacher announced 
in the tone of pleased encouragement common 
among those who are engaged in dealing with the 
development of the young idea. "Dolores has de- 
cided on something that will please her mother, I 
am sure." 

Dolores rose to her feet and in a soft voice said : 

"I'm going to give candy 'cause el madre hasn't 
any front teeth and she always gives it back." 

Didn't Like The Shero 

The librarian at one of the playgrounds has a 
habit of discussing- literature with the vounsr readers 
with whom she comes in contact. The other day 
she ?sked a little girl what she thought of a book 
of fiction, which is supposed to carry a rood moral. 

"Oh, I liked the hero well enough," said the 
youthful critic," but I didn't think much of the shero. 
She was too good to do anything- interesting." 

Comment on Japanese Question 

Comparisons Are Amusing 

It is a little amusing to note the disrelish for close 
contact with the Japanese at our doors as compared 
with the fervor of missionary zeal for him in his 
own land; and the fall in the popularity of President 
Roosevelt because of the somewhat belligerent 
spirit of his recent message where the Japanese im- 
migrants were touched upon. — Boston Pilot. 

President's Friendship for California 

President Roosevelt, despite his earnest words 
on the Japanese school question, is a most sincere 
friend of this coast, and is more anxious than any 
other president we have ever had to advance its 
prosperity and welfare ; and while San Francisco 
has a clear right to its opinion and to a defense of 
the justice of its position, it must be remembered 
that the president is speaking from the standpoint 
of his responsibility to the whole nation and to 
foreign powers. — John Barrett, Director of the 
Bureau of American Republics. 

Exclusion League Simply Union Bosses 

That meeting of the Exclusion League last week 
was dominated by men who are not representative 
of the sentiment of this community. They are the 
thrifty bosses of the unions who have brought this 
city under the galling yoke of a corrupt political 
machine. The star speaker of the occasion was the 
shameless mayor whose administration has been 
linked with the profession which has its sanctuary 
in the brothel and its bureau of finance wherever 
graft is accessible. Why should it not be said that 
Secretary Metcalf had reason to doubt the sincerity 
of a movement which was inspired by men who owe 
allegiance to the high priest of the Tenderloin, and 
a mayor under indictment? — Town Talk, San Fran- 

School Board's Idea a Fallacy 

We may honestly differ in our opinion with the 
President as an individual, but there can be no man- 
ner of doubt, after examination of the decisions of 
Justice Marshall and Justice Chase and the large 
number of cases in which the right of the State was 
held as paramount to the treaty of rights of the 
appellants or in controversy with the Constitution, 
that in every instance the decision has been made in 
favor of the Constitution and the treaty, the treaty 
being construed a part of the Constitution. And 
there is no greater fallacy than the idea that pos- 
sesses the Board of Education of San Francisco that 
th'ey cannot be compelled to observe the duties im- 
oosed upon them by the nature of our treaty with 
Tapan, under the construction given it by Mr. 
Roosevelt. — San Francisco News Letter. 
* ¥ * 
George Junior Republic 

Under the direction of the Juvenile Court Asso- 
ciation a committee of which Valentine Peyton is 
chairman is arranging for the organization of a 
"George Junior Republic" in Los Angeles next 
month. The institution will be similar to that of 
New York. It is simply a model republic of boys 
and girls who are self-governing and self-support- 
ing — a splendid substitute for the reform school. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Resident of Los .Angeles Points Out tHe Difference in the Attitude of tHe 
Scientists and Those in tHe Time-Honored Church 

A Brief Review 

The fact that Los Angeles is the home of a great 
er number of Christian Scientists, according to 
population, than any other city in the United States, 
with the possible exception of Kansas City (judg- 
ing by the number of churches and practitioners), 
lends more than passing interest to the present con- 
troversy over the life of the leader of the faith. Ac- 
cording to statistics published in the official organ 
of the mother church — the Christian Science Jour- 
nal of Boston — the total number of regularly or- 
ganized churches in the world in December, 1906, 
was 692, and the total number of societies not fully 
organized as churches was 281. Of churches the 
number accredited to California was thirty-five, and 
of societies thirteen. At that time there were lo- 
cated in California 248 practitioners — persons who 
practiced the art of healing through Christian Sci- 
ence — sixty-nine of whom made their headquarters 
in Los Angeles, and twelve in Pasadena. Even 
Xew York City, with a population now estimated 
to be fully fifteen times greater than that of Los 
Angeles, had but 109 practitioners, and Philadelphia 
had but thirty-five. Boston, the headquarters of the 
church, has but one church, no "society," and but 
114 practitioners. It is apparent from these figures 
that Christian Science has a firmer foothold in Cali- 
fornia, all things considered, than in any other part 
of the world. 

Inasmuch as members of the Christian Science 
church in Los Angeles are now numbered by the 
thousands and their numerical strength is said to 
be rapidly increasing, a recent article by Judge John 
D. Works of this city, one of the foremost men in 
that organization, published in the December num- 
ber of the Christian Science Journal, naturally is 
attracting attention among those who have taken 
any interest in the cult, regardless of their attitude 
toward it. 

Judge Works discusses the constitutional rights 
of Christian Scientists as practitioners of the art 
of healing. After a brief examination of statutes 
and court decisions in two or three different states 
he takes the ground that the question to be con- 
sidered is "first, whether the healing done by Chris- 
tian Scientists as practitioners, serving for com- 
pensation or otherwise, is an exercise of their reli- 
gion. And if so," he says, "it may be taken for 
granted that the matter of receiving compensation 
is not material, else the minister of the Gospel in 
the Methodist or any other church would be guilty 
of a public offense, as much as is the Christian Sci- 
entist, for receiving compensation for his services, 
consisting of religious teaching and prayers for the 
recovery of the sick as well as for the reformation 
of the sinner. It will be conceded that to reform 
the sinner, and thereby heal him of sinful habits, is 
a legitimate exercise of religion. Then why not the 
healing of physical disease by the same means and 
by the same power?" 

"It is the great purpose of the Christian Science 
religion," continues Judge Works, "to conform men 
to the will of God * * * that His will may be 

done and His kingdom come, in accordance with the 
prayer taught us .by Jesus, and their belief is that 
just as far as one does the will of God on earth, just 
so far will he be delivered from temptation and evil : 
that his debts will be forgiven him, in the freedom 
from the bondage of sin, sickness and death, thus 
enabling him to teach that kingdom of life, truth 
and love. * * * They believe that disease, as 
well as other evils and misfortunes, comes to mor- 
tals as the result of some violation of the divine law 
or the failure to live up to the prayer, 'Thy kingdom 
come, Thy will be done,' and that to reform the 
patient, and bring him to a realization and under- 
standing of the prayer, and in conformity to it, so 
far as in him lies, is to bring him into harmony with 
God and His Laws, which must heal him of disease 
and keep him in health just so long as he continues 
to conform thereto. * * * 

"Now in what respect does this exercise of their 
religion in the healing of disease differ from the 
exercise of their religion by the so-called orthodox 
churches?" inquires Judge Works. "They regard it 
as a part of their religious duty to pray for the con- 
version and regeneration of the sinner and the for- 
giving of his sins ; but they seem to think that this 
forgiveness of sin comes as an act of favor from 
God, for which they pray accordingly, while the 
Christian Scientist believes that the 'kingdom of 
heaven is at hand,' and forgiveness of sin, or, we 
had better say, the relief from the bondage of sin, 
comes alike to all, as the result of reformation and 
conformity to divine law, and not as a special act 
of God as a beneficent favor. Do not the other 
churches pray also for the restoration of the sick to 
health, and is not that an exercise of their religion? 
No one will be found to deny it. Then how does it 
differ from the effect of the Christian Scientist, by 
. and through prayer, to do the same thing, and by 
what right may the law of a state prohibit it? That 
there is a difference must be conceded, but it is only 
in the mode. The orthodox believer prays to God 
to restore the sick to health ; he asks and expects 
divine favor and action in his behalf. The Christian 
Scientist prays, 'Thy kingdom come, Thy will be 
done;' that is, may this one who is sick be brought 
to see and conform to the divine law, and he will be 
restored to health ; because God's law is a law of 
peace, harmony, health and life, and man, conform- 
ing to that law, cannot be sick any more than he can 
be sinful. 

"Christian Scientists believe that the origin of 
disease is mental ; that people are made sick, not 
only by their own evil thoughts — selfishness, malice, 
hatred, revenge, avarice, pride, sensualism, and the 
multitude of other wrong thoughts and feelings to 
which . mortals are subject — but by the erroneous 
thoughts and wrong mental influences of mankind 
in general that fix upon them the law of weakness 
instead of strength, of sickness instead of health ; 
and Christian Science practically applied is an ef- 
fort, through prayer and religious teaching, to re- 
move the cause of sickness and disease by removing 


T fie Pacific Outlook 

the wrong thoughts, and through the divine Mind 
uplifting the sufferer, whether sick or sinful, so that 
he may attain to that mind 'which was also in 
Christ ;' thus bringing him to love God with all his 
heart, and with all his mind, and his neighbor as 

That Christian Science is not "new" is again em- 
phasized by Judge Works when he says : "More- 
over, it is known as an historical fact that this mode 
of healing continued for about three hundred years 
after Jesus' time, and it is, therefore, safe to say that' 
the power and duty of healing without drugs is 
recognized and imposed by the divine law as re- 
vealed in the Bible." 

Another contributor to the Christian Science 
Journal, Judge L. H. Jones, discussing "Christian 
Science and Physical Science," touches upon one 
of the principles underlying the faith which has 
been a stumbling block in the path of many who 
have made conscientious efforts to gain a compre- 
hension of these teachings. "If we ask a group of 
friends who are admiring a bed of roses, and drink- 
ing in their delicious fragrance, what quality of the 
rose enables them to realize with greatest vividness 
the presence of these beautiful flowers," says Judge 
Jones, "they will doubtless answer, 'Why, the rich 
redness of their color, first, and then the profuse 
but delicate aroma which pervades all the atmos- 
phere about them.' Then, if we were to say to them 
that neither the color nor the aroma is in the roses 
but by mentality, we should most probably either 
give our friends a rude shock or have difficulty in 
persuading them that we were in earnest. * * * 
We hear a horn blowing down a street and we 
think the sound is coming out of the mouth of the 
horn, or that it is in the bell which is ringing in the 
tower; but there is no sound in the horn or the bell, 
nor anywhere in space between you and them, but 
only in thought. * * * 

"Reality, noumenon, is not a thing or object of 
any kind; reality is\ being, and expresses itself 
through or in its phenomena. It is evident, then, 
that an appearance or phenomenon is real to the 
extent only that it expresses .or manifests the reality 
of which it is an appearance or phenomenon. In 
what proper sense can that which is not a likeness 
or appearance of anything real, be> said to be a real 
appearance? Is it anything more'' .than an illusive 
appearance, or an appearance of an^ illusion? It is 
certainly illogical to hold, that whil\ we cannot 
know the reality of things, we yet know, their real 
phenomena; for what is the phenomenon Vf a thing 
but a correct representation of a thing inYhought, 
and what other knowledge of anything is passible? 
* * * Speaking accurately, all things\ are 
phenomena; no thing has reality as a thing-in-ltself, 
its reality is in that of which it is a phenomenon or 
manifestation. * * * Materiality in any foKm, 
whether, as it appears to unreflective thought, 'in 
the form of a material substance of which things 
are made, or in the form of a material or sensuous, 
though mental, concept of philosophy, does n/>t 
manifest or express the nature of Spirit, but dhe 
contrary; and inasmuch as it will be unanimously 
conceded that whatever reality it has must be as 
phenomenon, it follows inexorably that it can : ay 
no claim to reality of any kind. * * * 

"If we seem to see a sick man, suffering and, it 
may be, dying in belief, we do not see man at all, 
but simply the mortal, human sense of man ; or, as 

the philosophers would say, a phenomenon which 
we call man; the real man, it is unanimously agreed, 
mortals do not see and do not know. This real 
man, Christian Science maintains, is the man God 
created in His image and likeness of Spirit, and, 
therefore, he. is not subject to discord, sin, sickness 
or death. This man whom we cannot know through 
human philosophy, is the man Christ Jesus came to 
reveal to us. It is the ideal or Christ-man, to know 
whom aright, that is, to come into the consciousness 
of whom, is to lose all consciousness of sickness, 
sin and death." 

It is of interest in this connection to note that 
Mrs. Eddy has made a flat denial of some of the 
statements contained in the first installment of 
Georgine Milmine's history of her life, now running 
in McClure's Magazine. Mrs. Eddy is reported as 
saying : 

"I was never given to long and lonely wander- 
ings, especially at night, as stated by McClure's. I 
have always consistently declared that I was not a 
medium for spirits. I never was especially inter- 
ested in the Shakers; never dabbled in mesmerism; 
never was an amateur clairvoyant, nor did the 
superstitious country folk frequently seek my ad- 
vice. I never went into a trance to describe scenes 
far away." 

* * * 

Pie-eaters on tHe Anxious Seat 

With feelings of vague apprehension California 
women receive the news that Luther Burbank has 
given Mrs. Ida Shepherd Freeman of Coachella the 
sole right to grow and sell the Wonder Winter 
rhubarb, which for delicacy of flavor surpasses all 
other rhubarbs under the sun. Will Mrs. Freeman 
be able to resist the temptation of reaping a fortune 
from the monopoly? Will she consent to sell the. 
Wonder Winter rhubarb at a price which will not 
be prohibitory, so far as the ordinary domestic pie 
is concerned? These questions are of grave moment 
at a time when all food stuffs are soaring in prices. 
Rhubarb pie is a luxury, but it belongs to the class 
that will be relinquished last. It may be prophesied 
that Mrs. Freeman will not become like men who 
corner a commodity and that she will not use her 
rhubarb corner as a means of tantalizing families 
whose mouths water for the delicious pie filler. 
Even though she will be able to dispose of her whole 
annual crop to hotels and restaurants, there is doubt- 
less enough human kindness in her heart to prompt 
her to save plenty for home consumption. It is to 
be hoped that she will realize that a grave question 
of altruistic duty confronts her and that on no ac- 
count will she deprive us of Wonder Winter for 
our pastry. 

* * * 

Where to Find "Real Winter" 

Recently imported Southern Californians, who 
are homesick for a glimpse of winter as it used to 
be "back home" a year or two ago, may refresh 
their memories by making a trip to Mount Lowe or 
Mount Wilson. The canyons are filled with deep 
drifts and on the mountains the snow is deep. There 
is a covering of snow three inches deep at Alpine 
Tavern, and many excursionists from Pasadena and 
Los Angeles enjoyed a journey from the green val- 
leys to the white peaks. 

The Pacific Outlook 



Possibility of the Permanent Separation of the Whites and the Blachs, anP 
the Pvesults "Which "Would Follow Such a Movement 

Dr. Washington Gladden, who is widely known 
as a student of and writer upon questions pertaining 
to social reformation, takes the view that the only 
practicable solution of the vexing negro problem is 
the segregation of the races. In the American 
Magazine he expresses the opinion that, if by eman- 
cipation the negro was exposed to great dangers, 
and laden with burdens which were too heavy for 
him, then it is the obligation of those who emanci- 
pated him to do all that they wisely can to protect 
him against these dangers, and to fit him to bear 
these burdens. 

Dr. Gladden recognizes and deplores the tend- 
ency to reduce the negro to the status of the serf 
once more, a tendency which is evident, to him, 
both in the North and in the South. He makes the 
charge that we hear in the North, not seldom, the 
sentiment expressed that the negroes ought to be 
disfranchised, and there are multitudes here who are 
ready and determined to shut the door of opportun- 
ity in their faces. As a rule, they are not admitted 
to the trades-unions. To very few of the skilled 
trades can they gain access ; investigation in the 
•city of New York shows 102 different trades, or 
divisions of trades, on the list of the Central Feder- 
ated Union, which have no negroes in their member- 

Governor Hoke Smith of Georgia, says Dr. Glai' 
den, declares that the proper position of the negro 
in the nation is not that of a citizen, but that of a 
ward, a dependent — the same position as that of the 
Indian. He forgets or ignores the fact that the at- 
tempt to keep the Indian in this relation has 
brought blight to the Indian and a perennial curse 
to every agency of the government that has tried to 
deal with him. But, of course, Governor Hoke 
Smith agrees with Governor Vardaman in advocat- 
ing the repeal of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth 
Amendments. For they precisely define the posi- 
tion of the negro in the nation, and declare that he is 
not a ward nor a subject, but a citizen. These re- 
cent utterances of representative men show that the 
movement to reduce the negroes to a permanent 
■condition of serfdom is well under way. 

Senator Tillman's prediction that race struggles 
of a very bitter nature are likely to be frequent and 
continuous in the South appears worthy of credence. 
"If any such policy as that which the two gov- 
ernors are advocating should be generally adopted 
throughout the South," continues Dr. Gladden, 
"that result may be confidently predicted. "In their 
resistance to this policy, which undertakes to shut 
them out from the opportunities of manhood, the 
necrocs would have the sympathy of the whole 
civilized world. That they would have the svm- 
pathv of the vnst majority of the white people of 
the United States can hardlv admit of a doubt. 

"What would be the issue of such a struggle? I 
have tried to think my way through this difficult 
probLem, and T can see no other outcome of a strife 
of this nature than the segregation of the races. The 
nation would be compelled to intervene, and force 
the combatants asunder. After such a strife, under- 

taken for such a purpose, it would be impossible 
for the races to live together: a portion of the 
Southern domain would have to be set apart for the 
blacks; we should have, probably, three or four 
states of which the population would be wholly 
composed of negroes, governing themselves, and 
represented in the Congress at Washington. The 
whites would be compelled to content themselves 
with such a portion of their territory as could be 
left to them ; but they would be delivered from that 
terrible trouble and fear which now oppresses them, 
and could develop their civilization along their own 

"Of course this would involve grave injuries both 
to the blacks and to the whites. The blacks would 
suffer by being thrown upon their own resources 
in their poverty; and it would take them several 
generations to work out the problem of civilization. 
To the whites the economic loss would be vast; the 
labor on which they mainly depend for the develop 
ment of their industries would be taken away from 
them ; the prosperity in which they are now rejoic- 
ing would suffer a severe, perhaps a deadly, blow. 
One cannot contemplate such contigencies without 
a sinking of the heart. 

"But these losses and sufferings, dire as they 
must be, would be far less calamitous than the per- 
sistent attempt to hold together, on the same terri- 
tory, two races, the stronger of which was de- 
termined to hold the other down, to keep it in a sub- 
ject or servile condition, to deny to it the opportuni- 
ties of manhood, to make of it a means to its own 
aggrandizement. Such a relation as that between 
two races would be the essence of all immorality. 
Such relations have existed between races, but that 
time has gone by, and nothing like that will be per- 
mitted on this continent in the twentieth century. 

"It may be well, therefore, for the reactionaries 
at the South to confront this certainty — that the 
policy of the subjugation and repression of the 
negroes, to which they seem to be committing them- 
selves, must result in the segregation of the races, 
and the partition of the territory between them. 

"We have had our own outbreaks of savagery, in 
which race-hatred made wild beasts of men," con- 
cludes this student, "and so long as our industries 
shut the negro out of all the best opportunities, we 
have few stones to throw at our Southern brethren. 
Our trades unions are less frank in their treatment/ 
of the negro than Governor Vardaman or Senator 
Tillman, but they are not less inhuman. We must 
clear our skirts of these stains before the North 
can hope to speak to the South as persuasively as it 
ought to speak respecting the rights of the negro." 

* * * 

Success Assured 

"But will your new medical preparation cure?" 
"Hush ! That's not the question. It will sell be- 
cause the man who is going to write our advertis- 
ing stuff can describe every symptom of illness man 
is heir to. and then make the reader believe he's got 
all of them." — The Commoner. 

The Pacific Outlook 

A. Modern Dichens 

It is worth while to read "Joseph Vance" a "new" 
novel that is not of this time or this country — a 
novel of exquisite charm, since it is a human docu- 
ment. It brings smiles and tears; it takes hold of 
the heart and it haunts the memory. Doubtless most 
joung Americans will find the story rather slow, 
since it is difficult successfully to skip pages or to 
keep track of incidents by the skimming process. 

When one reads "Joseph. Vance," it is difficult to 
remember that it bears the date 1906. Through 
whole pages the book lover might persuade himself 
that the spirit of Dickens or Thackeray had come 
back to teach William De Morgan a method and a 
style that belong to a past generation. At the top 
of each chapter is the synopsis which tells what is 
to happen. The characters belong to a period that 
Dickens made memorable in fiction and to a class 
which the famous novelist — now so much the sub- 
ject of analysis and criticism — loved to picture. 
The style is intimate and leisurely. The author per- 
mits himself to indulge in memories, sad as well 
as pleasant. Slowly the story proceeds with many 
turnings forward and backward. It is told in the 
form of reminiscence, and letters are used frequent- 
ly — too frequently for the approval of persons 
trained to demand haste in this age of strain and 

Like many of the most convincing works of fic- 
tion this tale, which announces itself as "an ill writ- 
ten autobiography," has the perfume and color that 
can be attained only when an author really puts 
himself into his book. Nothing better than the pic- 
tures of Joseph Vance's boyhood has been given in 
modern literature. These are painted with a mas- 
terly art, and Joe's father, Christopher, is a portrait 
that will endure among those of Micawber and 
Pickwick, Colonel Newcome and Sir Pitt Crawley. 
It is not like one of the immortal characters known 
in English fiction, but it is as true, as vivid, as un- 
fading as any that has been produced. 

Joseph Vance looks back fifty years when he be- 
gins his story with the incident of his father's loss 
of a situation. From the first page the truth and 
humor of the story are fascinating. The elder 
Vance is too much addicted to indulging in beer at 
the Roebuck or the Rose and Crown, but he is a 
man with a talent for explanation. The Vances are 
lowly folk and the loss of a situation causes Joe's 
mother anxiety. Joe tells how he is sent on an ex- 
pedition with his father, who has promised to keep 
out of temptation and how he fails to be successful 
in preventing a drunken brawl. Fortunately, on 
the child's eighth anniversary, when the future is 
problematical, a peddler sells the convalescent and 
erring parent an old sign board. The change of one 
letter makes the sign board a guide to fortune. 
Through it Joe gains entrance to the house of Dr. 
Thorpe, where the sixteen-year old Lossie wins his 
life-long devotion. 

After the manner of oldtime novels all Joe's life 
is laid bare. The reader is permitted to follow each 
step in the journey to the sunset time, when the man 
finds leisure to survey the years that lie behind him. 
Because the story is an exact transcript of life, 
Lossie marries a man in her own station in life and 
the twenty-year-old youth grieves with the tragic, 
persistence that is a characteristic of some natures. 
If the tale were less faithful in its transcription Joe 

would mourn always, but the author makes him the 
average man with the average man's tendency to 
succumb to the influences of association; so Joe 
marries Janey, and, after her tragic death in the sea,, 
he sacrifices his own reputation in order that he 
may shield the memory of Lossie's erring brother,. 
the other Joe. It is this one incident that mars the 
book. While there are heroes in real life, it is a 
pity that the author has introduced into a book that 
presents the average of character this one jarring 
bit of improbability. 

After all, it is not the story that lifts the book far 
above its contemporaries. It is the marvelous por- 
traiture and the philosophy, mellow, humorous and 
convincing, that make it almost great. If one has 
time it will be well used in reading "Joseph Vance." 
For the encouragement of those who demand a 
happy ending it may be hinted that, after the fashion 
of the novels of the past, there is a lived-happily- 
ever-after finis. 

Joseph Vance. By William De Morgan. Henry Holt 
and Company. C. C. Parker. 

* * * 

Bryan's Visit to California 

Mr. and Mrs. William Jennings Bryan will arrive 
in Los Angeles on the morning of January 28 and 
will be the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Cole, Jr., 
4012 Pasadena avenue. While Mr. Bryan comes to 
the coast ostensibly to lecture, it is an open secret 
that he will make the most of his opportunities to 
line up the Southern California Democrats in antici- 
pation of the need of friends in 1908. Two Demo- 
crats at large may be worth one in the national con- 
vention, and therefore it is likely there will be much 
activity on the part of the distinguished visitor. 

A banquet and a reception are likely to be ar- 
ranged, but of course the real work of increasing 
popularity as a candidate for the presidency will be 
done among those who have charge of the Demo- 
cratic machine. Mr. Bryan, who is now forty-six 
years old, has begun to be an expert in the game of 
politics, which he has played most enthusiastically 
since 1891. Moreover, he has learned to play the 
long game, and with the motto, "If at first you don't 
succeed, try, try again," on his banner, he doubtless; 
will be philosophical enough to weigh his chances, 
for 1912, in case he is to be found not acceptable in 

* * * 

Another Indication of Our Gro-wtH 

If any further evidence of the phenomenal growth' 
of Los Angeles aside from population figures and' 
statistics of building operations were needed, it 
may be found in the enormous increase in postal 
receipts in the year 1906, as compared with the pre- 
ceding year. During the month of December, 1906, 
the money received from the sale of postage stamps, 
etc., was $113,867.74; for the month of December in 
1905,. the amount. was $88,218.35. Tne total receipts 
during 1906 were $929,638. For the year ending 
December 31, 1905, the receipts were $71,053.63, 
showing an increase for the past year over the pre- 
vious one of $210,584.64, or 29.28 per cent. It is 
noteworthy that the receipts for December show the- 
greatest money increase ever recorded in the Lo& 
Angeles office. 

(he Pacific On t I o o k 

"The Holy City" 

It was unfortunate that Dick Ferris should offer 
such a sumptuous production as "The Holy City" 
during a week marked by the most severe storms 
recorded for man)- a season. The play at the Audi- 
torium should have drawn packed houses, and under 
the circumstances it was well patronized. In scen- 
ery and costuming it is beautiful. The stage pic- 
tures are as fine as any that have been presented in 
Los Angeles. 

While the play deals with the same characters 
and the same time as the "Mary of Magdala" in 
which Mrs. Fiske starred, it is absolutely lacking in 
the dramatic power that distinguishes the master- 
piece of the German playwright. Broadhurst has 
done a perfunctory piece of work. "The Holy City" 
has been classed with "Ben Hur," but except in set- 
ting it is not in the least reminiscent of the great 
drama made from Lew Wallace's novel. All this i? 
■said because the Ferris stock company accomplished 
wonders with a play that is not of compelling inter- 
est. The atmosphere is most effectively suggested 
and there is a reverent feeling maintained. Florence 
Stone as Man' of Magdala — the repentant Mary — 
makes a deep impression. The role gives her a 
limited opportunity to reveal her art as an actressi 
The part of Barabbas is well played by Andrew 
Robson, who is admirably adapted to roles that de- 
mand the heroic element. Bruce Gordon Kingsley's 
organ numbers add much to the performance. 

Miss Irving at the Mason 

"Susan in Search of a Husband" at the Mason 
opera house this week proved to be a most amusing 
play, cleverly acted. It is a comedy so near farce 
in its treatment that it is something of a surprise 
that Miss Eleanor Robson, who is now appearing 
in it in the East, should think it worthy of her tal- 
ents. Jerome K. Jerome, the author, is always 
original in choosing- his backgrounds, and when the 
idea of making a Welsh inr. the scene of action had 
presented itself, he exhausted his ingenuity. He 
has, however, utilized time-worn expedients adroitly 
and the result is entertaining. Miss Trving's Susan 
is a delightful piece of characterization, delicate, 
human and winning. Tessie Tzett as Robvna almost 
divides honors with the star, for there is no young 
actress on the sta n e who gives greater promise than 
the well known Chicago girl. The whole cast, in- 
cluding Herbert Standing and Ernest Mainwaring. 
is excellent. Following Miss Nethersole's engage- 
ment the comedv came like a breath of pure air 
after a spell of fever heat. 

find favor with those who appreciate artistic acting. 
Miss Gertrude Keller, who returned to the stage 
after an absence of several years, was warmly 
greeted when she appeared in the role of Helen 
Berry. She has a charming personality and is con- 
scientious in her work. Harry Glazier did much to 
make this week's performances successful. 

Orpheum Road Show 

Rain apparently made little difference with the 
Orpheum audiences this week. The road show, 
which comes once a year, proved to be as it was ad- 

At the Belasco 
George Barnum won much apolause at the Belas- 
co this week in the revival of "Shore Acres." His 
portrail of Nathaniel Berry is one that always must 

Madame Schumann-Heinck 

vertised — the best on the circuit. The perform- 
ance opens with Jessie, a trained monkey. Then 
Work and Ower give a novel acrobatic performance, 
which is followed by Ed. F. Reynard's exhib : ' 1 
of his attainments as a. ventriloquist, a monologue 
by Walter C. Kelly and last of all by "Rain Dears," 
eight pretty girls who sing anil dance. The last 
dance of the "Rain Dears" was a trifle too realistic 
for the week of storm, but it delighted the au- 

The Pacific Outlook 

O'Neill as "John the Baptist" 

James O'Neill in his new play, "The Voice of the 
Mighty," will be seen at the Mason Opera House 
next Monday and Tuesday evenings. The central 
figure in the play is John the Baptist, a part which 
the actor is said to invest with great power. The 
scenes are laid near the river Jordan and the in- 
cidents include the announcement of the coming of 
the Messiah, the denunciation of Herod and Hero- 
dias and the imprisonment of the prophet. The love 
theme deals with John the Baptist's devotion to 
Salome. The scenery and costumes are handsome 
and historically exact. Mr. O'Neill will appear in 
a new production of "The Count of Monte Crista" 
Wednesday and Thursday evenings. In this play 
there are eight elaborate settings. 

Return of Lewis Stone 

Lewis Stone and Miss Margaret Langham — Mr. 
and Mrs 1 . Lewis Stone now^will appear in the lead- 

James O'Neill as Edmund Dante in Monte Cristo 

ing roles of Willie Collier's farce, "The Dictator," 
next week at the Belasco Theater. These two 
favorite players returned from their wedding trip 
to find enthusiastic welcome from the many friends 
whom they surprised by their marriage December 
30. They are "at home" in a charming apartment 
in St. James Park. 

New University Course 

Mrs. Maude Ballington Booth will arrive in Los 
Angeles January 21 and will be the opening attrac- 
tion of the new University course of lectures, under 
the management of L. E. Behymer, the next even- 
ing, Tuesday, January 22, at Simpson Auditorium. 


"Theatre Beautiful" 

... Manager ... 

Week Commencing Monday, January 14, with Wednesday and 
Saturday Matinees 

.♦.T^LFerris Stock Company.*. 



In Nat Goodwin's Greatest Success 

The Cowboy and the Lady 

Dick Ferris as Teddy North The Cowboy 


PHONES: Home 2307 Main 5180 

Matinee Prices: 10 and 25 cents Evening Prices: 10, 25, 35 and 50 cents 


Four Nights Only — Commencing; Monday Jan. 14 
By Special Request 


Will Appear in His New Play 
Monday^andTuesday JJjg y^g „f flg (^g^y 
■ Wednesday and Thursday (fl,,,,^ CMStO 

SEATS SALE NOW ON. PRICES: 50c, 75c, $1.00 & $1.50 

Organization of the City 
Friday Afternoon, January 18 

ONCERT Los Angeles Symphony 

Direction Mr. Harley Hamilton 

Management Mr. L. E. Behymer 

The Famous Tschaikowsky Symphony 
No. 4 in F Minor Will be Given 

Season and Single Seats Now on Sale at Birkel Music Store 345 South 
Spring Street. Prices; 50c, 75c and $1-00. Special Rates 
to Students and Teachers 

Gamut. Club Auditorium L E M ana H Jr MER 

Friday Evening, January 1 8 


... In Piano Recital ... 

The Los Angeles Artist of whom PADEREWSKI and GABRILOWITSCH 

gave such strong words of praise. Miss Steeb will be 

assisted by Herr Thilo Becker 

Seat Sale at Birkel Music Store. 345 S. Spring St. Prices: 50c, 75c and $1 . 

The Pacific Outlook 

Mr-.. Booth will speak >>n "Light and Shadow >>f 

11 Life." 
The second of the lectures, January 29, will be by 
William Jennings Bryan, who will talk about " 
Old World and Its Ways." Mr. Bryan returned re- 
cently from a long season of globe-trotting and he 
will have much caustic and amusing comment to 
offer concerning his experiences. lie has not ap- 
peared in Los Angeles for a number of years and 
doubtless will attract a large audience. Season 
tickets for the course, which includes lectures by 
Jacob Riis. Senator La Follette and Dr. Hillis, are 
now on sale at Birkel's music store. 

Musical Notes 
Miss Otie Chew, the violinist, and Peje Storck, 
the pianist, will give a recital in Simpson Auditor- 
ium Friday evening. February 1. A programme of 
great interest has been prepared. 

Anton Hekking gave his farewell recital Tuesdav 
evening in Simpson Auditorium before an audience 
of music lovers, who knew how to appreciate the 
talent of the famous 'cellist. The programme of- 
fered was one that repaid all who had braved the 
storm to hear a master of the violoncello. 

One of the principal musical events next month 
will be a recital, February 7. by Wenzel Kopta, the 
violinist, and Heinrich Von Stein, the pianist. Both 
these men are artists of the first rank. The concert 
is to be given in response to requests from leading 
musicians of Los Angeles and a fine programme will 
be presented. 

Olga Steeb, the young pianist, will give a recital 
next Friday evening in Gamut Club hall. Miss 
Steeb's talents have been recognized by many fam- 
ous artists. Paderewski. who heard her play, urged 
her to go abroad to prepare for the concert stage. 
A number of special interest on Friday's progran. me 
is a duet with Herr Becker. 
* * * 
Insufficient Guarantee 
"It is my duty," said the conscientious lawyer to 
his client, "to see that you have a fair and square 
trial and justice all the way through." 

"You're too slow for me," declared the prisoner. 
"What I want is a lawyer who'll see that I'm ac- 
quitted." — Omaha News. 

* * * 
Gentle Jane 
Gentle Jane whizzed through the town, 
Running many people down ; 
Still she gave her car but praise, 
Said: "It has such killing wavs." 

—Carolyn Wells. 
Last week, Tuesday, Gentle Jane 
Met a passing- railroad train. 
"Good afternoon," she sweetly said, 
But the blamed train cut her dead. 

— Yale Record. 
Scorching down the golden streets, 
Jane strikes every soul she meets ; 
When she "honks" the spirits jump, 
Thinking it is Gabriel's trump. 

— Cleveland Leader. 
Let us all hope that Jane's ghost 
Will remain 'mong heaven's host 
Where no spirit, thin and vapid, 
Needs to fear a car so rapid. 




Under the Direction of Hilda Gilbert 

Thursday Evening, January 31st 




Will Present Four One-Act Comedies, Entit 


''Comedy and Tragedy 

' "A New Year's Dream" 

"A Bad Half Hour" 

"Stage Struck" 

Tickets can be secured from Students and at 


Prices 25 

and 50 cents 

Indian Crafts Exhibition 


:: The Only Attraction of its Kind in the World :: 

Admission to Grounds 25c. 

Open Daily and Sunday 


'II Lmcs In Fronir 

La Princesse Corset* 
... Parlors... 

343 South Broadway, Second Floor 

The most exclusive woman's store in the 
•west. Gowns, Millinery and Corsets; 
Prices Moderate. We carry thirty dif- 
ferent styles of corsets, ranging in price 
from one Dollar to tw enty-five. *£* »J* 

Call and Inspect Our Stock of Goods 

Las Princesse Corset Parlor 


Are our specialty. We carry 50 shades in Chiffon 
Taffetas. These silks are almost double the 
width of ordinary Taffetas, and sell for $1.10 per 
yard. Figure the Saving in Silk and Money. 

the: silk store 

(From Loom to Consumer) 

219 Mercantile Place 

14 Karat Gold Filled 
Ladies' Neck Chains 

F. Selkinghaus 

502 S. Broadway 


The Pacific Outlook 


The Bachelors' Ball 

One of the events long to be remembered was the 
Bachelors' ball last Tuesday evening at Kramer's. 
More than three hundred guests enjoyed an evening 
in' which novel features were introduced. The ball 
room was charming. Hanging from the center of 
the ceiling was an immense ball of delicate green 
which gave the signal for dancing when, as if by 
magic, if broke into a shower of pink and white 
roses and carnations. From it; myriad festoons of 
green in which shone hundreds of electric lights 
were carried to the windows and walls of the big 
room. In the windows bright red autumn leaves 
gave touches of color. Pink tulle was used artis- 
tically in the refreshment room. In the banquet 
hall, where covers were laid for four hundred, ferns 

"In Qciet Waters" 
Monotype by Carl Oscar Borg 

and violets were employed in the decorations. One 
of the surprises of the evening was the release of 
seventy-five balloons, each one of which bore the 
name of a bachelor host. The pretty girls captured 
these and the men found their partners by seeking 
the holders of the balloons. 

The following bachelors had charge of the ball: 
J. Kingsley Macomber, Gurney Newlin. Fred M. 
Phelps, Charles Seyler, Jr., Russell McD. Tavlor, 
Walter G. Van Pelt, Carleton Burke, Arthur' W. 
Bumiller, Arthur A. Dodsworth, Robert P. Flint, 
Norwood W. Rowland and Harry B. Kay. 

The other hosts were: Russ Avery, Earl An- 
thony, Edmund T. Ames, W. Harry Anderson, Jr., 

Winthrop Blackstone, Samuel N. Bonsall, Edward 
C Bosbyshell, William H. Banning, Roy E. Bur- 
uank, Kay W. Crawford, Leo St. C. Chandler, Lo- 
gan B. Chandler, Volney Craig, Harold S. Cook. 
Walter A. Clark, Karl Cowan, Dan W. Carleton, R. 
Jj. Dickinson, Dr. Edward Dillon, Henry Daly, 
Langdon Easton, Alexander Field, M. L. Graff, Ed- 
ward J. Grant, Charles H. Hastings, Volney E. 
Howard, Barbee S. Hook, Gustav Knecht, Karl C. 
Klokke, Philo Lindley, John Llewellyn, Reese 
Llewellyn, Leroy Macomber, William B. Merwin, 
Ignacio D. Mott, William H. Miner, Waldo R. Nor- 
ris, Eugene Overton, Chas. E. Orr, Owen Pickerel, 
Gregory Perkins, Jr., C. Wesley Roberts, Fred 
Rowan, William R. Reed, Edward B. Robinson, 
Robert Ross, Colton A. Smith, Adolph L. Schwarz, 
Raymond N. Stephens, James Slauson, Rufus 
Spalding, Frank Schumacher, Simpson Sinsabaugh, 
Robert H. Travers, Henry S. Van Dyke, Benton 
Van Nuys, Louis Vetter, Alfred Wilson, William 
Walters, Henry G. Whitlock, Olin Wellborn, Jr., 
James W. Wilkinson and Dr. Ralph Williams. 

The patronesses were Mesdames Hancock Ban- 
ning, William May Garland, Randolph Miner, M. 
A. Wilcox, Michael J. Connell, Wesley Clarke, Will- 
iam R. Burke, Frank S. Hicks, Granville Mac- 
Gowan, Walter J. Barlow, George J. Denis, James 
C. Drake, Cameron Erskine Thorn, Albert J. How- 
ard, Charles C. Monroe, Jaro von Schmidt, Arthur 
Braly and Edward D. Silent. 

To Honor the "Mother of Clubs" 

The Friday Morning Club will give a .reception 
and tea next Tuesday afternoon in honor of the 
president emeritus, Madame Caroline M. Sever- 
ance. January 12 will be the eighty-eighth birth- 
day anniversary of the beloved "Mother of Clubs," 
who has made her journey through the world an 
opportunity to be helpful to humanity. Endowed 
with a remarkable mentality, Madame Severance 
has never for an}' length of time relinquished ac- 
tivities that have employed her brilliant mind and 
today she retains the keenness, the breadth and the 
peculiar fineness of intelligence that have made her 
personality so far-reaching in its splendid influences. 
She was born in Canandaigua, New York, in 1820. 
Her father was Orson Seymour, a banker, and her 
mother belonged to a distinguished New England 
family. At the age of twenty she was married to 
Theodoric C. Severance, a banker of Cleveland, 
Ohio. It was not until 1853, when she was selected 
to deliver a lecture before the Mercantile Library 
association of Cleveland, that she made her first ap- 
pearance on the platform. She chose as her sub- 
ject, "Humanity, a Definition and a Plea," and since 
then her name has been connected with many of 
the great altruistic movements that have been, 
started in this country. She was the president and 
founder of the first woman's club in the Lhiited 
States, the New England Woman's Club, organized 
in 186S, a few weeks before Sorosis came into ex- 

The Pacific Outlook 


[Tie Fridaj Morning Club naturally de- 
lights to honor v the distinguished woman .who 

an inspiration to the organization 
which has become one of the chin' intellectual forces 
in I s. Next Tuesday more than a thou- 

sand women will offer loving tribute and wish Fon 
the president emeritus a loin; lingering of the sun- 
set time of lite which she has made so beautiful. 

Reception to Popular Players 

Mr. ami Mrs. W. 1.. Hardison gave an informal 
luncheon and musicale last Sunday in honor of Mr. 
and Mrs. Dick Ferris of the Auditorium stock com- 
pany. The picturesque adobe house in South Pasa- 
dena is an ideal California home and lends itself 
readily to merrymakings. The luncheon was served 
he broad veranda, and after it there was a de- 
lightful programme of music and recitations, to 
which the following- contributed: Tom Karl, Mrs. 
Henrv Henderson, Mrs. Lucile Loud, Mrs. George 
Drake Ruddy. Mrs. \Y. L. Hardison, Miss Mollie 
Byerly Wilson and Nathan Sessions. 

Among the guests were Dr. and Mrs. John Hamil- 
ton Thurston, Mr. and Mrs. Wallace Thurston, Mr. 
and Mrs. R. \Y. P.urnham, Mr. and Mrs. Fred G 
Andrews. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis W. Andrews, Mr, 
and Mrs. C. A. Graham, Dr. and Mrs. W. H. Ross. 
Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Scott, Mr. and Mrs. George 
Crandall. Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Scholl, Mr. and 
Mrs. T. H. McCutcheon. Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Whit- 
tier, Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Clark, Mr. and Mrs. Os- 
good. Mr. and Mrs. Jefferson D. Gibbs, Mr. and 
Mrs. W. A. Bobrick. Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Axtman, 
Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Thomas, Mr. and Mrs. Fred 
Brown of Peru, South America ; Mrs. P. W. Gries. 
Mrs. George E. Chapman, Mrs. Frank M. Vale, Mrs. 
M. A. Bostwick, Mrs. Florence Collins Porter, Mrs. 
Clara Irwin, Mrs. Fannie Clark, Mrs. T. W. Brown. 
Mrs. Nutting, Miss Rolla Forward, Miss Ruth 
Brown, Miss Nell McCutcheon, Messrs. Dewey, 
A. B. Chipron, O'Neill, Johnson, Gillespie and 
Yorke of Caribou, Me. 

Federation of Women's Clubs 

The annual convention of the California Federa- 
tion of Women's Clubs will be held in Bakersfield. 
February 6, 7 and 8. Mrs. James B. Hume of 
Berkeley, chairman of the programme committee, 
has arranged an interesting series of discussions and 
addresses. There will be an innovation introduced 
in the way of special conferences to be held on 
civics, art and education. After the opening address 
there will be an informal conference of club presi- 
dents in which, however, all delegates are invited 
to take part in any discussions that may arise. This 
will be conducted by Mrs. Robert Potter Hill, State 
president. Thursday evening will be a civics even- 
ing. The needs of State institutions will be one 
of the most important matters taken up and a strong 
effort will be made to procure the establishment of 
an especial committee to take up the question of 
civil service reform. It is felt by many that this' 
subject should be dealt with more carefully anil 
elaborately. Mrs. J. W. Orr of the California Club 
will be one of the speakers on that evening and will 
give a report of civics in the General Federation. 
Another of the evening sessions will be devoted to 

American View of Japanese 
Edward C. Bellows, who was consul-general al 
Yokohama for five years, gave an address L 
the Southern California Women's Press Club last 
Thursday evening thai proved to be one of the 
memorable events of the season. Mr. Bellows, who 
served through the period covered by the war with 
Russia, selected as his subject, "The Experiences 
of a United States Consul Among the Nipponese." 
He told most entertainingly of incidents amusing 
and dramatic. Incidentally Mr. Bellows paid high 
tribute to the Japanese. Mrs. Adams-Fisher, 
chairman of the programme committee, introduced 
Mr. Bellows, whom she hail met many times while 
she was gathering material for her book, "A Woman 
Alone in the Heart of Japan," wdiich the eastern 
critics have called one of the most important of re- 

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Instruction in drawing and painting from life. Classes from 9 to 12 a. 
m. daily, and from 7:30 to 10 on Monday, Wednesday and Friday Evenings 

Hanson Puthuff and Antony E. Anderson 
... DIRECTORS ... 

407 Blanchard Hall 

Send for free circular 

z 4- 

T h e Pacific Outlook 

cent contributions to the literature that deals with 
the Orient. After the lecture there was an informal 
reception at which members and guests of the club 
had an opportunity to meet Mr. and Mrs. Bellows. 
The sessions of the Press Club are held in the music 
room of the Blanchard building, which is an ideal 
place for social purposes. 

writing a novel, the scenes of which are laid 
Southern California. 

Will Come to the Southland 

Governor John C. Cutler of Utah is one of the 
numerous winter visitors who has found in South- 
ern California the enduring charm that causes a 
man to abandon his own state in order that he may 
enjoy the semi-tropical climate, the scenery and the 
advantages to be found on the Pacific coast. Gover- 
nor Cutler last week purchased the home and 
twenty-acre orange ranch owned by T. Newman at 
La Canyada, four miles from Pasadena. The prop- 
erty is one of the most desirable within a hundred 
miles of Los Angeles. From the house there is a 
remarkable view extending from Catalina to Covina. 
It is said that a new residence will be build. At 
present the Cutler family is living on Boyle Heights. 

Study of a Los CIiild 
By \V. Edwin Gledhill 

Governor Cutler has returned to Salt Lake, where 
he will remain until the expiration of his term of 

Will Sell Singleton Court 

' Mr. and Mrs. John Singleton are visiting in Los 
Angeles, while preparing for a permanent residence 
in New York. They are at No. 1103 West Thirtieth 
street, where many old friends are making inter- 
ested inquiries concerning their future plans. It is 
the intention of Mr. Singleton to sell Singleton 
Court instead of rebuilding the old home, which was 
destroyed by fire. Negotiations for the beautiful 
grounds are now being made, it is said, by a syndi- 
cate which contemplates building a $1,000,000 hotel 
on what would be a splendid site. Mr. and Mrs. 
Singleton made a long trip through Alaska last 
summer and since then Mrs. Singleton has been in 
New York, where she passed much of her time in 

Leo Chandler and Miss Louise MacFarland will 
be married on the evening of February 6 in the 
Woman's Club House. 

Mrs. W. H. Townsend of Fay Villa, Hollywood, 
will give a musicale January 17 in honor of Miss 
Carroll McComas. 

At the recent election of officers for the Gamut 
Club Harley Hamilton was made president and 
Charles Farwell Edson vice president. Charles E. 
Pemberton is secretary and treasurer. 

Mrs. Leonide Ducommon and Miss Ducommon 
have issued invitations to a large reception January 
16 at their home, No. 1347 South Grand avenue, in 
honor of Mr. and Mrs. Emil Ducommon. 

Miss Bessie Bartlett will give a programme of 
music and readings next Monday at the Ebell Club. 
Miss Bartlett will be heard in a number of songs. 
Archibald W. Sessions will act as accompanist. 

B. R. Baumgardt, president of the Academy of 
Sciences, talked to members of the organization last 
Monday evening on his recent trip to Europe, where 
he made a special study of various scientific sub- 

Robert E. Lee chapter, Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, will celebrate the one hundredth anniver- 




Wild Rose Mining Co. Angelus Mining Co. 

CracKerjack Tom-boy Mining Co. 
PHONE F 7130 

505-506 Delta Building Los Angeles, Cal. 


..California?^ East.. 

There's no Better Way than the 


'Tis the Scenic Short-line between Los Angeles and Salt 
Lake City and the Train Service is Excellent. 

No Finer Train Exists than the Los Angeles Limited — 
Solid between Chicago and Los Angeles. Try it. 

The Pacific Outlook 

sary of the birth of General Lee by a reception on 
the evening of January 19 at the home of Mrs. B. F. 

Church, president of the chapter. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Bayley, Jr.. save a dinner 
Tuesday evening in honor of Mi-s Louise MacFar- 

land and her fiance. Leo Chandler. Covers were 
laid for: Mr. and Mrs. John Posey. Mr. and Mrs. 
Roff Smith. Miss Lucile Chandler. Miss Helen Xew- 
lin, Volney Howard and Gunny Xewlin. 

The California Business Woman's Association, 
which has started the new year in a most flourishing 
condition, met last Tuesday evening in the Mer- 
chants' Trust Building. Dr. V. C. Armstrong spoke 
on "First Aid to the Injured" and Mrs. Kathryn 
Heaton Peck led the regular parliamentary drill. 

One of the most enjoyable programmes of the 
season was given this week at the Friday Morning- 
Club when Miss Estelle Heartt talked on "Songs" 
and illustrated the various composers' methods. 
Her beautiful contralto voice was especially suited 
to most of the songs, all of which she interpreted 
most artistically. Mrs. Robinson was at the piano. 

B. F. Baumgardt talked before the Cosmos Club 
Wednesday afternoon. Mr. Baumgardt, who has 
returned recently from a trip abroad, selected 
"Paris" as his subject, illustrating his address with 
fine stereopticon views. At the next meeting of the 
club Mrs. Greenleaf will give a lecture on "The 
Drama." and two members of the club will give 
readings from Ibsen. 

* * * 
Alaska's First Elected Delegate 

Frank H. Waskey, Alaska's first elected Dele- 
gate to Congress, is now an interesting figure in 
Washington. Mr. Waskey is a young man whose 
frank, honest face and athletic body make him con- 
spicuous among the older men with whom he is 
associated in the House of Representatives. He is 
a Democrat and is sent from the Nome district, 
while Thomas C. Cale, the long-term delegate, is 
from Fairbanks. 

Mr. Waskey is a miner and has been called the 
"prince of mushers," since he is familiar with every 
trail in his district and has prospected a large terri- 
tory. When interviewed for the San Francisco Call 
he said: 

"I am no politician. I never was, and, in all prob- 
ability, never will be. I go to Congress with heart 
and soul for the best interests of the miner, which 
are inseparable from the best interests of all loyal 
Alaskans. No, I never wore nugget jewelry, comic 
opera top boots, Rogers Brothers whiskers, carried 
bowie knives or killed a man. 

"If that is what Congress expects, I am sorry to 
disappoint it. If it is my good fortune, however, to 
convince the lawmakers at Washington during the 
three brief months given me that Alaska is made up 
of as honest, intelligent, progressive, God-abiding 
people as the States. I will feel more than repaid 
for the 'mushing' campaign that culminated in the 
honor of being Alaska's first elected Delegate to the 
Congress of the United States." 

Alaska's first elected delegate has neither seat 
nor voice in Congress. He is merely admitted to 
the floor of the House. In the committee rooms, 
however, he is entitled to a respectful hearing. 
While Alaska is a territory, it has no territorial gov- 

ernment and it is governed in the same manm 
the District of Columbia, It i* now the ambition 
of the citizens of the territorj which has contributed 
within a decade to the wealth of the 
Country, to have "home rule" established and the 
election of a delegate is looked upon as a step that 
may lead to speedy recognition of what are called 
the rights of the territory. 

Mr. Waskey is married ami has a young son. His 
home is on the Spit, a sandy arm of land between 
Bering sea and Snake river. Until 1905, when he 
struck pay dirt on. the Chestnut Claim adjoining 
the famous Bessie Bench, he was poor. Then he 
cleaned up about $10,000 and had a chance to obtain 
a comfortable fortune, when an injunction stopped 
work and plunged him into litigation. 

The delegate from Alaska lived in California be- 
fore he went to Alaska. 

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Home A 5913 Main 3959 


President Board of Directors 


Secretary -Treasurer 


Chairman of the Faculty of the College 

The Pacific College of Osteopathy 

Los Angeles, California 

Corner Daly Street and Mission Road. 

Founded 1896 

Classes Graduate in January and June 

Three years' Course of Study. Ten months each year. 
The Pacific College stands for the most thorough culture 
and broadest education. It asks for the closest in- 
vestigation from young men and women who wish to fit 
themselves for successful Osteopathic medical praction- 
iers. Next term opens January 29, 1907. For catalogue 
or further information address 


Chairman of the Faculty 

W. J. COOK - Secretary and Business Manager 


The Pacific Outlook 

: ..J*gMl&4 

Beneficence of the Automobile 

In a rage that is often, 1 must confess, righteous, 
we curse the automobile as it leaves us gasping in 
its dust, or, with our horses scared, in the ditch , 
yet, after all is said and done, the automobile is do- 
ing more for the cause of good roads in America 
than any other single factor of our domestic econ- 
omy. And that fact is important to us, whether we 
walk or drive or sit on the veranda. The bicycle 
began the good work about eighteen years ago, 
though not many of us now realize how great was 
the road development that resulted from the energy 
of the individual cyclists and the vigorous and 
united effort of the one-time active League of 
American Wheelmen. 

At the banquet of the Automobile Club in New 
York the other day, the sentiment most loudly and 
most frequently applauded by the seven hundred 
members and their guests was the one against reck- 
less automobile driving, common to the address 
of practically every speaker, whether humorous 
or serious. No class among us, indeed, is more 
resolutely opposed to this speeding type of public 
nuisance than the well-to-do and prominent owners 
of motor cars, who realize that the drastic legisla- 
tion, which in some States has gone to really absurd 
extremes, is directly to be attributed to reckless 
drivers. It is natural, therefore, that the influence 
of a powerful club of this kind, that the thought 
of all good citizens who also own automobiles — and 
there are many of them — should be most active in 
suppressing the nuisance, high or low, which is 
bringing discredit upon all motorists. My own 
opinion, and it appears also to be that of the more 
intelligent of my fellow-citizens, owners of auto- 
mobiles, is, that for reckless driving which should 
be written down as criminal, imprisonment is the 
punishment adequately to fit the crime. What is 
ten or twenty, or even a fifty-dollar fine to the pluto- 
cratic denizens of Pe-cock A>y? The obiection- 
able specimens hailing from this folden Ipcality are 
accustomed to look upon such a fine as part of the 
day's expense. 

But imprisonment wni'd be mo-t unpopular 
among these egoists. Make it imprisonment in- 
stead of fine, and pedestrians and horse-owners will 
wend their way in the peace of m-'ncl a.nd with the 
comfort to wind and limb for which they now pray 
too often in vain. Without su<ii relief the country 
must continue closed to the humble i'i spirit and 
low in purse. 

The automobi'e has come to s'av; it is a much- 

to-be-desired development in transportation, and 
new conditions should be viewed and met in a spirit 
fair to all. Throttle the selfish brute who scatters 
consternation among horse-owners in the country, 
and blinds with his unnecessary searchlights the 
pedestrians of our cities — and we will all be happy. 
— Saturday Evening Post. 

Motoring by Rail 

Mr. Glidden will long be well remembered, even 
after the tour that bears his name and his record as 
a motoring tourist have faded, says the New Letter ; 
he will be known as the man responsible for having 
opened the great railroads of the country to motor 
car traffic, and who knows but what this will prove 
the means of a wholesale betterment in the high- 
ways of the country? It was Mr. Glidden, a year 
or so ago, who first fitted steel wheels to his motor 
car and dashed across the country under the guid- 
ance of a conductor ; and he has repeated the per- 
formance, the last time on the Rock Island road. 

'07 Model Mason Touring Car 

Now this mode of travel and its possibilities have 
appealed so strongly to the officials of the road that 
they propose to encourage it, and have announced 
that anybody may avail himself of the privilege of 
traveling upon its rails at the rate of seven cents a 
mile, and with a conductor thrown in. What pos- 
sibilities this suggests in the hauling of passengers 
and freight and in pleasure seeking ; what wonder- 
ful things may be the outcome of such a policy! As 
a matter of fact, this means that the railroads are 
competing with themselves, for it is not difficult to 
see how a party of seven can travel from Chicago to 
New York even cheaper than by ordinary methods 
over steel rails. 

The Game Law 

Steps should be taken to prevent the wholesale 
grabbing of hunting preserves by the rich, and the 
abolishing of the hunting privileges by individuals. 

The Pacific Outlook 


by the gun clubs, and their friend anil alienor, the 
le warden, says the San Francisco News 
Letter. We arc not living within the borders oi 
t iri-ai Britain, Germany or France, and the privilege 
of the poor man to hunt game in an orderly manner 
in the great waste places of our state should no; 
be in any way curtailed. The attempt is being made 
to create a special privilege. Venison shall never 
grace the table of any but the wealthy. Duck shall 

be a delicacy tliat must only lie partaken i f by 1 lit- 
essor of a hunting club membership card, and 
gradually all game is to be included in the same 
category, and it is to be made a crime to i artake 
of game that has not been stamped as fit for con- 
sumption by the game warden and the consumer 
thereof. This is an unwarrantable intrusion and an 
infliction of special legislation for tic benefit of the 
few and the detriment of the many, and it should 
he resisted by all justice-loving citizens. A game 
warden is a necessity, but he should n t be allowed 
to invariably construe the laws to please tie arro- 
gant demands of his kid-gloved friends. 

American Output 

A late bulletin of the Department of Commerce 
ami Labor shows that in ie.05 American automobile 
manufacturers constructed 21,692 automobiles, 
valued at $26,645,064, the average price of a car 
being $1,228. 1 )f the 21.602 cars, 12,131 were run- 
abouts, 7.220 touring cars, 221 surreys, 40 phaetons, 
520 stanhopes. 66 victorias, 54 cats f< r physicians, 
13 station wagons, 251 light delivery wagons, 160 
heavy delivery cars and 1,007 were of other varie- 
ties. The value of the 12,131 runabouts was $8,- 
831,504, or an average of $80^ each : the value of the 
7,220 touring cars was $11,781,521, or an average of 
$1,617 per car: the total value of the 411 light and 
heavy delivery wa°ons was $046,047, or an average 
of $2,304 each. Of the total number of 21,692 cars, 
17.758 were gasoline cars, 2.364 electric vehicles, 
and 1.570 steam motor cars. 

Polo for International Cup 

A polo tournament will be held at Coronado 
March 7 and 8. Entries will close with Paul H. 
Schmidt of San Diego February 23. The J. D. 
Spreckels Cup is open only to California teams. The 
Coronado International Cup is open to teams from 
any recognized polo club in any part of the world, 
members of such teams to be bona fide members of 
club by which they are entered. It must be won 
three times to become the property of any club. The 
officers of the club are : T. H. Dudley, president : 
William Clayton, J. Harrison Wright and B. N. 
Smith, Jr., vice-president ; Paul H. Schmidt, honor- 
ary secretary and treasurer ; G. L. Waring and H 
G. Bundrem of Los Angeles, Dr. E. J. Boeseke of 
Santa Barbara, and Paul H. Schmidt of Coronado, 
racing committee ; Dr. J. Edmonds, official measurer. 

Golf at Coronado 

The spring golf events at the Coronado Country 
Club began January 7. and will continue until 
March 11. The first event was an approaching and 
putting contest for men and the second, January 9, 
was the same for women. The remaining events 
will be as follows: Januarv 14 — Bogey handicap for 
men. January 21 — Same for women. February 4 — 
Coronado Club championship for men — a duplicate 

of the trophy to be given the winner. Trophy must 
he won three times to become the prop m of an) 

player. February ii— Club championship for wo- 
men, with the Conditions the same as for the men 

February 18 — Driving contesl Fcr men. Februarj 
25 — Same for women. March 4 — Men's handicap 
for Country Club cup. March 11 — Women's handi- 
cap lor Country Club cup. 

The Two Best Games 

The two vcr\ best games I know for the average 
boy and young man are laci'osse and association 
Football, says a contributor to the Saturday Evening 
Post. Lacrosse has a desultory life at a few East- 
ern colleges. Association football is struggling for 
existence in one or two sections. Both have greater 
possibilities of fun for the player, and more all- 
round development for his body, than any other 
game on the sporting calendar — our own adored 
football included. In addition to their attractive- 
ness for the player, both these games also are in- 
finitely more spectacular and more open and more 
interesting to the spectator. 

Automobiles in the Army 

"It is stated in Washington on good authority," 
says Amateur Work, "that the War Department 
will probably buy several automobile ambulances 
A car of this type was recently purchased from a 




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to every member it is more than a mere machine. Its readiness, its 
ease of control, the gentle speed with which it lures you out to where the 
air is fresh and pure, and the way it adds to the sheer joy of living will 
engender an affection for your Rope- Waverly Electric that has never been 
lavished before on an inanimate object. 

B. L. BROWN, Representative 

1126 South Main St,. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 




Three Point Suspension, Unit Construction, 
Metal Disc Clutch, Shaft Drive, Three Speeds, 
Sliding Gear Transmissions. 

1211 S. Main St,. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 


The Pacific Outlook 

company, and has been subjected to trials by the 
medical department of the army. The officers have 
pronounced the ambulance of great value, although 
they are of the opinion that some changes in the ar- 
rangement and equipment of the vehicles should be 
made. It is understood that these ambulances will 
be used in the field in case of war." 

Polo Tournament at Riverside 

The Riverside Polo Club will hold. a polo tourna- 
ment at Chemawa Park January 16 to 19 inclusive. 
Teams from Los Angeles, Santa Barbara and other 
towns will participate. The tournament will be 
played for the Frank J. Mackey polo cup, which was 
offered by Mr. Mackey two years ago and won by 
an English team of which Mr. Mackey was a mem- 
ber. The conditions under which the cup was of- 
fered provide that it shall be played for annually 
on the grounds of the Riverside Polo Club, but en- 
trances are free for any regular!)' organized team. 

Auto Dealers Organize 

The Automobile Dealers' Association of Califor- 
nia has been organized in San Francisco. It will co- 
operate to the fullest extent with the Automobile 
Club of California in advancing the interests of the 
sport. The officers of the new association are : J. W. 
Leavitt, president; J. Fred J. Linz, vice-president; 
Col. H. Choynski, secretary ; Max Rosenfeld, treas- 
urer; G. A. Boyer, George Middleton, H. W. Bogen, 
C. A. Hawkins and S. G. Chapman, directors. 
¥ m ¥ 

Public and ScHool Libraries 

The experiment of holding the twelfth annual 
meeting of the California State Library Association 
outside of San Francisco proved so successful this 
year, when one hundred delegates representing 
seventy-five libraries assembled in Redlands, that 
is is likely to be repeated. The report of the joint 
committee of the Library Association and the State 
Teachers' Association concerning the relation of the 
public schools to libraries expressed the opinion 
that libraries are too expensive when maintained in 
the schools. It was the opinion that the books 
should be kept in the public libraries and that 
schools and libraries should co-operate. If a library 
of fifty books were provided for each room of a 
school the estimated cost to the state would be 
$500,000 for volumes and $200,000 annually for 
maintenance. It was suggested that the children 
should be permitted to select books from lists of 
fifty which should be approved by the library and 
the school authorities. This plan has been success- 
ful in New York, but the joint committee recom- 
mended that further study should be given the sub- 
ject. The following officers for the association were 
elected: President, James L. Gillis, Sacramento; 
vice president, Melvin M. Dodge, assistant librarian 
at Stanford University ; secretary-treasurer. Miss 
Alice J. Hanes of the State library at Sacramento. 
* * * 
"W^ill Become a Reclvise 

News from Chicago that Sarah Hackett Steven- 
son, the famous physician, club woman and author, 
has decided to pass the last years of her life as a 
religious recluse in St. Elizabeth's hospital, Chicago^ 
will be of interest to many persons in Southern Cali- 
fornia. Dr. Stevenson has been for twenty-five, 
years one of the most conspicuous women in the 

Middle West. As a physician she was recognized 
as one of the most eminent practitioners in the 
medical profession and frequently was called in con- 
sultation with noted specialists. She was the first 
woman elected a member of the American Medical 
Association and the first woman to be appointed 
to the staff of the Cook County hospital. She was 
a professor in the Northwestern Medical School, 
president of the National Temperance hospital and 
founder of the Maternity hospital and training 
school of Chicago. Although one of the busiest 
women in the country, she found time to ally herself 
with many philanthropic movements. She was in- 
terested in a number of clubs and she wrote several 
medical books. Honors of all sorts came to her, but 
three years ago she paid the price of overwork. She 
suffered a stroke of paralysis from which she has 
not full)' recovered. Notwithstanding this fact, her 
decision to drop all her many interests will be a sur- 
prise, for she had strong social instincts and was a 
favorite in the most exclusive circles of society. She 
was the friend of the foremost scientists of Europe 
and America. Dr. Stevenson is a native of Illinois. 
She is fifty-seven years old and had achieved fame 
when she was thirty. The close of her career will 
be regretted by thousands of women to whom her 
life has been an inspiration for a quarter of a 

* * * 
Plans for tbe Fiesta 

It is announced that Los Angeles is planning for 
La Fiesta de las Flores, which will open May 7, a 
programme of events more unusual than any that 
has ever been offered for the enjoyment of Southern 
California merrymakers. A larger throng of 
visitors than any that has marked previous spring 
festivals is assured, for 50,000 Shriners are coming, 
and with this great army as a nucleus there is little 
doubt that Los Angeles will entertain at least 100,- 
000 guests. 

At the first meeting of the executive committee 
of the local Shrine, held last Monday in the rooms 
of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association, 
it was reported that work on the auditorium that is 
being erected by Al Malaikah Temple is being 
pushed rapidly so that it will be completed the first 
week in May. Work has been begun on the floats 
to be used in the parades. There will be fifteen in 
the electrical parade and these, it is promised, will 
be artistic electrical devices much more beautiful 
than those that represented the planets last year. 
In place of the planets jewels will furnish the color 
scheme. The colors of each float will be in perfect 
harmony with the jewel it symbolizes, and the fair 
women who will form groups of statuary and mag- 
nificent tableaux will be gorgeously attired in jewel 
covered costumes. 

It is estimated that $75,000 will be needed for the 
necessary expenses of the Fiesta. So far only $16,- 
000 has been subscribed, but it is believed that no 
difficulty will be experienced when citizens of Los 
Angeles realize the magnitude and the importance 
of this year's feast of the flowers. 

* * * 

Will Mahe Peat DricKs 
The big press, which arrived last week for the 
peat fuel plant, is being installed as rapidly as pos- 
sible at Huntington Beach. It weighs sixteen tons 
and cost $5,000. 

The Pacific Outlook 



Now Knows the Law 
\\ illiam Mischkowsky, proprietor of the Boston 
store, this week paid $50 because he was not familiar 
with the child labor law. When Robert Little, the 
nine-year-old son of Mrs. Robert Little, No. 1198 
Xorth Los Robles street, failed to deliver a big 
parcel at the right place last Saturday Mischkowsky 
had the child arrested. The police investigated the 
case and discovered that the boy had mistaken the 
address on the parcel. Mrs. Little took her child 
to the police station and after the patrolman had re- 
ported on the case it was about to be dropped, but 
Humane Officer McAney stepped in at this point 
and swore out a warrant charging the shopkeeper 
with violation of the child labor law. Mischkowsky 
pleaded guilty and was fined $50. 

The enrollment of pupils in the Pasadena schools 
at the end of 1906 showed an increase of 350 over 
the previous year. The enrollment is 4426. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles A. Goodyear of Chicago 
will take possession of their new home on South 
Grand avenue this month. The_y will be at the 
Hotel Green until their house is ready for occu- 

One of the fashionable teas of this week was 
given by Mrs. Torrey Evert of St. Johns avenue. 
Mrs. Evert entertained in honor of Mrs. Harrison 
Evert of Council Bluffs and Mrs. Abiel Leonard of 
Los Angeles. 

Dr. Medici de Baron, who was injured last week 
by being thrown from the vehicle in which he was 
driving a colt, is much improved in condition. He 
sustained the compound fracture of his right arm 
and was otherwise badly hurt, but is recovering 

Notwithstanding the storm last Monday the regu- 
lar four o'clock tea in the Turkish room of the 
Hotel Green brought out fifty men and women who 
passed an enjoyable hour or two. The room was 
darkened and tea was served from a table decorated 
with violets and lilies of the valley. Mrs. C. G. 
Green and Mrs. T- R- Holmes presided at the tea 

Mrs. Florence Collins Porter, president of the 
Los Angeles District Federation of Women's Clubs, 
will speak before the Shakespeare Club Saturday 
on "Current Events." After the lecture there will 
be an informal reception in honor of Mrs. Porter. 
Mrs. Frank Welles Parker will act as chairman of 
the meeting. Miss Grace Hortense Tower, who has 
returned recently from a summer in Honolulu, will 
talk of Hawaii, Saturday afternoon. January 19. 

Mrs. Carter H. Harrison of Chicago was guest of 
honor at a tea given last Monday afternoon by 

Airs. A. J. Eddy, Euclid avenue and West California 
street. The house was prettily decorated with 
white roses and asparagus plumosus. Tea was 
served in the drawing room. Mrs. Eddy was as- 
sisted in receiving her guests by Mrs. Louis Laflin, 
Mrs. M. C. Miller, Miss Wilson and Miss Sarver. 
After the tea, the receiving party was entertained 
at dinner by Mr. and Mrs. Eddy. 

* * * 

After a Ship Yard 

The Craig Shipbuilding Company has agreed to 
establish a plant at Long Beach provided a site is 
given free of charge. The Dock and Terminal Com- 
pany has offered the site desired for $100,000, al- 
though the real value is estimated at four times as 
much. About $60,000 has been subscribed by citi- 
zens. Every effort will be made to bring the com- 
pany to Long Beach. 

Like a Scene in a Melodrama 

Long Beach has been in a ferment over the man- 
ner in which a local officer arrested Mrs. Francis 
M. Dorris, who is alleged by her mother to be in- 
competent to transact her own affairs. Mrs. Dorris 
was seized by a deputy constable in a rooming 
house, hurried to the street and driven rapidly 
away. Mrs. Dorris has admitted that she had been 
addicted to the morphine habit, but that she was 
cured, and asserted that the appointment of her 
mother as a guardian was sought solely that the 
latter might compel her to live with her husband, 
cashier of a bank at Harrisburg, 111., from whom 
she has become estranged and whom, she says, she 
loathes. The abduction has aroused disinterested 
persons, who threaten to seek the punishment of 
the authors of the act by recourse to the law. 
* * * 


Kern's Prosperity 

Northern Kern county anticipates the most pros- 
perous year in its history. Thousands of acres of 
land will be sown in wheat this year and a much 
larger acreage would be under cultivation if there 
were teams in that section sufficient to meet the 
needs of the farmer. Land that has not been culti- 
vated for the past ten years will be seeded this sea- 
son. In Delano, in the yards of citizens there is 
ample evidence that the orange will thrive and ma- 
ture equally as well as it does at Porterville and the 
lands between the town and the foothills is now be- 
ing sought for the purpose of orange culture. 

Heroic Pedagogue 

Principal Murphy of the San Bernardino high 

school performed a deed last week which should 

entitle him to wear a Carnegie hero medal. When 

the radiators on the second floor of the school build- 


The Pacific Outlook 

ing exploded, stampeding the pupils, though Prof. 
Murphy realized that the boiler in the basement 
might burst at any moment, the valve by which the 
steam is allowed to enter the pipes having been shut 
off in the excitement, he went to the basement and 
reduced the pressure by withdrawing the fire. His 
act may have saved much loss of life. 

Will Discuss Citrus Fruits 
A conference of citrus fruit growers of California 
will be held in Riverside January 22, 23 and 24.- The 
meeting will be a special Citrus Fruit Growers' In- 
stitute, under the auspices of the State University; 
and will be conducted by J. B. Neff. Growers of 
large experience will lead the discussions on prac- 
tical matters needing the attention of the new citrus 
experiment station at the foot of Mount Rubidoux. 

Threw Etiquette to the Winds 
Robert Yarnell, mail carrier, now makes his trip 
along the city creek ro^d to Fredalha Park with a 
much easier mind than he had New Year's day. 
For several weeks he had noticed the tracks of a 
mountain lion, which he exoected to meet in a man- 
ner that might be at le->st embarrassing. He en- 
listed the aid of Lee We=thaver, famous as a hunter, 
and together thev traced the animal for several 
miles. Then they encountered it suddenlv. Both 
used their rifles without a consultation concerning 
precedence or hunting etiquette and the mountain 
lion was killed. 

Railway Makes Heavy Purchases 
Three Bloomington ranches in San Bernardino 
county have been sold to the Crescent City Railway 
Company, and residents of that section ^re wonder- 
ing wh^t lies back of the transfer. The Crescent 
City railwav is popularlv supposed to be financed 
by the Silt Lake railroad, though organized by San 
Francisco and Oakland caoitalists for the ostensible 
purpose of having an independent railway connec- 
tion from the projected cement works in Sky Blue 
Mountain in West Riverside to the various trans- 
continental roads. 

To Work for Reforestation 

A permanent Tri-Counties Reforestation Com- 
mittee has been organized at San Bernardino, rep- 
resenting San Bernardino, Riverside and Orange 
counties, for carrying on the work of reforestation 
in the San Bernardino forest reserve. The com- 
mittee has approved the bill which is to be intro-. 
duced in the California Legislature to permit pri- 
vate holders of lands in the reserve to exchange 
their holdings for other government lands outside 
the reserve. The State has an area of 6,000 acres 
in the reserve and proposes to do this with its lands, 
thus throwing this acreage back to the reserve. The 
committee's officers are : President, Francis Cuttle, 
of Riverside : secretary, Colonel W. L. Vestal, of 
San Bernardino ; treasurer, E. D. Roberts, of San 
Bernardino : vice-presidents, Mr. Frazer, of River- 
side ; H. H. Garstin, of San Bernardino ; E- E. Keech, 
of Orange. 

* * * 
Automobiles to Parade 

The Automobile Dealers' Association has decided 
to have a big automobile parade on the Saturday 
preceding the automobile show, January 19. The 

parade will be made at night, which will give the 
owners of electric vehicles an opportunity to make a 
good showing. Prizes -will be awarded to the 
owners of the best decorated machines. 

* * * 

Los Angeles Blood, Possibly 
In her "Life of Charles Godfrey Leland," Mrs.. 
Pennell ventured a little joke about George Augus- 
tus Sala's eternal use of his initials, "G. A. S.," say- 
ing, "Surely none but an Englishman could have 
used such a signature in all seriousness." To this 
the London Saturday Review makes solemn reply : 
"It may be, we think it is, cruel to call a baby 
George Augustus, but when he has got his initials 
may he not use them? And Sala was something 
besides an Englishman. If we mistake not, he had 
much foreign blood in his veins." 

* * * 
Time to Go 

Urchin — "I bet if I wasn't here the gentleman 
would kiss you." 

Girl — "You insolent boy. Go away this very 
minute." — Sourire. 

* * * 

Has a Bad Spell 

Senior Partner — "That new stenographer spells 

Junior Partner — "Does she? Well, if she does, 
it's about the only word she can spell, as far as my 
observation goes." — Somerville Journal. 

* * * 
By Request 

Visitor — "Good morning, madam, I came to tune 
your piano." 

Mrs. Hammer — "Piano? I did not send for you."' 
Visitor — "No, madam ; but the neighbors sug- 
gested that I had better call." — Philadelphia 


George Pedley, Manager 30 Years Experience 

An Up-to-Date Drug Store at Pasadena. 

Cor. Euclid Jlvenue and Colorado Street 

WM. R. STAATS CO- established ieeT 
Investment Bankers and Brokers 
Seal restate, Insurance, Mortgages 
Stocks and Bonds yf yf if 

65 S. Raymond Ave., Pasadena 351 S. Main St., Los Angeles 

La Casa Grande Hotel 

Pasadena, California 

American Plan — $2.50 a day and upwards; $15 
a week and upwards. Boaid with room in 
adjoining: cottages $12.50 a week. Table 
Board $10 a week. Send for illustrated 
pamphlet. & ^ jfi jt 



Jtn Independent Weekly Review of the Southwest 

George Baker Jinderson 

Mary Holland Ktnkald 


Howard Clark Galtoupe 


Published every Saturday at 420'423"*23 Chamber of Com* 
merce Building, Lot Mngetes, California, by 

The Pacific Outlook Company. 

on price S2.00 a year in advance. Single copy to 
cents on at news stand*. 

VOL. 2. 

MO. 3 

The Editor of the Pacific Outlook cannot guarantee to return manuscripts, 
though he will endeavor to do so if stamps for that purpose are inclosed with them. 
If your manuscript is valuable, keep a copy of it. 


The Pacific Outlook is mailed to subscribers through 
the Los Angeles Post office every Friday, and should be 
delivered in every part of the city by Saturday's post. If 
for any reason it should be delayed, or be delivered in 
poor condition, subscribers will confer a favor upon the 
publishers by giving them immediate notice. Telephone 
Home A 7926. 


The same old order of things appears to prevail 
at Sacramento, in spite of the sanctimonious count- 
enances which were in evidence among the candi- 
dates before the election last November. That the 
present State Legislature is as completely under the 
thumb of the corporation "bosses" as any of its pre- 
decessors is already apparent. What Governor 
Gillett's attitude on questions affecting corporation 
politics will be must be determined before long. 
But that the people have been fooled again in their 
selection of legislators none but the 
Same Old legislators and the professional ma- 
Outfit chine politicians will deny. Men who 
owe their election largely to their pro- 
fessions of independence have climbed with alacrity 
into the "band wagon," and the same old "leaders" 
■ — which term properly may be interpreted as 
"bosses" — are gaily holding the reins and the whip. 
When will the people of California learn that the 
only possible way to obtain non-partisanship is to 
select for office men who are willing to enter their 
respective offices under definite pledges that thev 
will act independently of party "bosses"? 

* * * 

The subject of child labor has been injected into 
the antics of the present California State Legisla- 
ture as the result of the cupidity and shortsighted- 
ness of those of its members who regard public of- 
fice as a sort of open gateway to every species of 
graft which a supine public is willing to tolerate. 
Now that the question has been raised by the viola- 
tion of the inadequate law on the subject which we 
have, it will be worth while for friends of better 

legislation li> strike while the iron is hot and keep 
hammering away until the patience of the 
Child lawmakers gives way — or. if not that, until 
Labor the individual members of the legislature, 
place themselves squarely on record, one 
way or the other, for or against a revision of the 
statutes regulating child labor. Such laws as we 
have are tolerably fair so far as the)' go, but they 
are not stringent enough and the age limit is too 
low. Child labor too frequently is child slavery. It- 
is one of the darkest blots upon our modern civili- 
zation. Constant agitation is the price that will 
have to be paid for the reforms desired by humanity ; 
therefore the demands made upon the present legis- 
lature should be insistent and continuous. 

* * * 

In spite of the fact that the need of reform in the 
present conditions surrounding child labor in 
America i.s uniformly conceded by the press and by 
students generally, the measures proposed by Sena- 
tor Beveridge and Senator Lodge do not appear to 
meet the demands of the situation. The Indiana 
senator thinks he sees a cure for this evil in a meas- 
ure intended to prohibit common carriers transact- 
ing interstate business from transporting any pro- 
ducts of any factory or mine employing children 
under fourteen years of age. Senator Lodge in- 
dorses this measure, but suggests a 
Senatorial few amendments that are not very 
Buncombe? important. Each seems to think that 
this is about as far as Congress may 
go, under the constitution. The public, however, 
takes a different view, and not a few friends of a 
radical child labor law have presumed to insinuate 
that each of these distinguished legislators is actu- 
ated not so much by a genuine desire to accomplish 
everything possible for the salvation of the child 
as by a desire to give as little offense as possible 
to corporation employers of children of tender 
years, while offering a bit of palatable buncombe 
to the advocates of the most stringent possible 

* * * 

Some express the view that Congress has no 
direct constitutional authority over the question of 
child labor, but that it is a matter which properly 
comes under state authority. That the several 
states have the authority is unquestionable, though 
it does not necessarily follow that the federal Con- 
gress is without power. The fact that eminent au- 
thorities are preparing- to give Congress an oppor- 

The Pacific Outlook 

tunity to pass upon the question is an indication 
that they believe it is within th.e prerogatives of 

that body to act in the matter. How- 
Power of ever this question may be determined, 
the State there is no doubt about the powers of 

the states. A state legislature can 
strike directly at the evil and eradicate it. If one 
state pass a good strong law which stands the test 
of the courts of such state, others doubtless will 
follow the example. The great trouble lies in the 
lack of uniformity of state conscience. Another 
drawback, so far as state legislation is concerned, 
is the greater ease with which lawmakers of a state 
may be "influenced" by individuals or corporations 
who prefer that no legislation along these lines shall 
be enacted. 

* * * 

Philanthropically disposed persons may agitate 
this subject until they die, and their children may 
follow iii their footsteps until they too die, but 
there will remain some states which will refuse to 
achieve what may have been accomplished in other 
localities. The history of state legislation and the 
attempt to secure reformatory enactments leads 
many to the conclusion that the only hope of the 
true friends of children of the poor lies in national 
legislation, the only uniform legislation that is 

practicable, if not the only kind that 

Under the is possible. While it may be deter- 

Constitution mined that the Constitution of the 

United States does not empower 
Congress to pass laws governing or abolishing child 
labor, the introduction in the national legislature of 
measures tending in this direction will have one 
good effect, in that it will create a renewed public 
sentiment on the question which may be used as a 
powerful weapon toward compelling the various 
state law-making bodies to respond to what is 
rapidly becoming a universal demand. One of the 
surest means of getting rid of this form of slavery 
is to initiate the legislation in Congress. 

* * * 

Massachusetts is generally regarded as a leader 
in wise legislation on this important subject. In 
that state the iniquity of employing children has be- 
come thoroughly recognized, and humane em : 
ployers have been protected from the harmful com- 
petition of others by legislation which keeps young 
children out of the shops and mills and protects 
older children from the demoralizing influences of 
night work. The laws of the Bay State may well 
serve as a good model for California, in the absence 
of anything better. Inasmuch as it is not likely that 
Congress will do anything of a practical nature, 

especially at this session, the states 
Keep must legislate for themselves if any- 

Hammering thing is to be done. Judging by the 

reprehensible spirit exhibited by 
criminally inclined lawmakers who are breaking the 

laws at Sacramento, but little is to be expected of 
them at this time. Nevertheless it will be well to 
keep everlastingly at it, compelling them by force 
of public sentiment to put themselves on record 
on the subject. Ultimately California doubtless 
will have to legislate on her own account, for the in- 
dications are that Congress is going to hem and 
haw and finally, if it do anything, leave a loophole 
as easy of passage as the majority of similar flaws 
in its enactments affecting the welfare of great 
"vested rights." 

* * * 

The Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of 
New York State has declared the law prohibiting 
night work for women employed in factories to be 
unconstitutional. A n organization in New York- 
City known as the Consumers' League will make 
every effort to have the case taken to the Court of 
Appeals, which in New York State is the court of 
last resort. The Consumers' League contends that 
night work is more exhausting than day work, that 
the nervous constitution of women makes it more 
detrimental to women than to men, and that it is 
not for the public good that the next generation 
should spring- from mothers who are more sickly 
than the present generation of women who are 

compelled to labor. It is further 
Night Work argued that night work exposes 
for Women women to greater peril with regard 

to moral conduct, and that it is 
neither safe nor pleasant for women to be traveling 
upon the streets during the hour of general rest. 
Women unquestionably are weaker, physically, 
than men. If night work is harmful to men, which 
nobody denies, it must be harmful in a greater de- 
gree to women. The state shoulders a grave moral 
responsibility when it allows women — especially 
young and inexperienced women — to work at 1 night 
in factories and to walk at night unprotected from 
assault and insult. It is to be hoped that the New 
York Court of Appeals will find the law in question 
constitutional. If it is not, that instrument surely 
should undergo a change to fit the insistent de- 
mands of humanity. 

* * * 

Judge William J. Gaynor of the New York Su- 
preme Court takes the ground that railroads are 
public highways controlled in fact by the federal 
government and by the people of the states through 
which they run. While objecting to public owner- 
ship of these public utilities, he is convinced that as 
a last resort the people may be compelled, for self- 
preservation, to take over their ownership. "The 
government established a tariff on imports, scaled 
not merely for a revenue but for protection of 
American industries," says Judge Gaynor. "That 
has been the. policy of our government for genera- 

The Pacific Outlook 

t i . »i 1 ~ . And yet the men who rule the corporations 
which run our public highways do 
Control not hesitate to give the foreign goods 
of Railroads a freight rate low enough to enable 
them to come in and be sold at a fair 
profit in spite of the protective tariff, thereby nul- 
lifying the object of the tariff. Such goods have 
been carried at one-sixth <>f the rate on correspond- 
ing domestic goods. Goods are in that way carried 
from England and Germany, to Denver for example, 
for a less rate than from Chicago to Denver." When 
will the railroad operators awaken to the fact that 
by their policy of favoritism and defiance of popular 
rights they are jeopardizing- their own interests anil 
greasing the ways for the avalanche-like sentiment 
in favor of government ownership? 

* * * 

The decision of the United States District Court 
in the Standard Oil case, to the effect that it is a 
violation of the law for a railway company, in deal- 
ing directly with a shipper, to give that shipper a 
reduced freight rate, is of far-reaching importance. 
The decision sustains the important features of the 
anti-rebate law. The court held that if a carrier, 
having- made an arrangement with connecting lines 
for the transportation of property beyond its own 
line, should thereupon publish rates for the trans- 
portation of property between such 
Fine Points points, the carrier must therefore be 
in the Law held as to the shipping- public to have 
facilities for the transportation of 
property to such points beyond its own line, and 
that the requirement of the law applied to such a 
case with the same force that it applied to a point 
on the carrier's own line. The decision is a body 
blow not only to Standard Oil but to railways 
which have been granting preferential rebates. The 
work of bringing the railroads to time appears to 
be progressing in proportion to the rise of popular 

* * * 

( Isborne Howes, honorary consul for Japan in 
Boston, contributes to the current number of the 
North American Review an article in which he 
gives his views as to what Japanese exclusion would 
mean. A digest appears elsewhere in this number 
of the Pacific Outlook. While Mr. Howes shows 
familiarity with the relations between this country 
and Japan, he has fallen into error in estimating the 
current of public thought on this question in Cali- 
fornia. Like most easterners, he evidently bases 
his judgment on telegraphic news reports emanat- 
ing from San Francisco. It is impos- 
Japanese sible to agree with him when he asserts 
Exclusion that "the electoral vote of California 
in a presidential election will be given 
to the candidate of that party which pledges itself 
in its national platform to favor this wished-for 

legislation" — meaning Japanese exclusion legisla- 
tion. Regardless of the sentiments of the majority 
of the inhabitants of San Francisco — even if we are 

willing to go so far as to admit that the majority 
of that portion of our inhabitants actually favor tin: 
exclusion of the Japanese — there is little doubt that 
the majority of Californians elsewhere do not favor 
such an extreme measure. 

* * * 

We have excellent grounds for the belief that the 
majority of the actual employers of labor in Cali- 
fornia — the fruit growers, the ranchmen, the farm- 
ers — want the Japanese here. Two years ago the 
editor of the Pacific Outlook spent more than six 
months in various portions of the state investigat- 
ing this question. As the result of inquiries among 
hundreds of employers of this class it became evi- 
dent to him that the agricultural employers of the 
state, almost to a man, feel that they cannot get 
along without the Japanese and Chinese. They 
state that it would be impossible for them to har- 
vest and move their crops, without Asiatic help, for 

the simple reason that they find it im- 
California possible to secure anything like surfi- 
Sentiment cient help among American laborers, 

the latter preferring to go to the cities 
and seek employment along other lines. The 
chronic situation here is akin to that which has been 
the source of so much complaint in Kansas, Nebras- 
ka, and other Middle Western States during the 
past few years, the highest pay ever offered to farm 
laborers failing to attract that class to the agricul- 
tural communities of the Mississippi and Missouri 
valleys. The chances are that not one man in ten 
among the San Francisco labor agitators, even if 
roaming the streets "on his uppers,'' would con- 
descend to offer his services to the fruit growers of 
the San Joaquin valley or the Sacramento valley. 
* * * 

The strongest argument Mr. Howes makes in his 
paper — which, for the most part, shows a fair grasp 
of the situation, except in its strictly political as- 
pect — is that Americans should be the last people 
in the world to adopt toward the Japanese "a line of 
action similar to that which we had compelled them 
to abandon" as the result of Commodore Perry's 
memorable naval venture more than half a century 
since. The American people are wont to boast of 
their national consistency at times. If we are to 
make that boast good we will treat the Japanese 
nation as we compelled it to treat 
Ethical us, according it rights which we de- 

Consideration mand of it, and above all things 
abiding by the obligations imposed 
by a sacred treaty — for a treaty is regarded by 
eminent constitutional lawyers as being essentially 
a part of the Constitution itself, and paramount to 
all local legislation. This is the present question. 

The Pacific Outlook 

That of exclusion is one which must be settled later. 
Whether the treaty is right or wrong, good or bad, 
let us live up to our obligations so long as they en- 
dure and not wantonly insult a friendly nation to 
whom we owe not only much so far as its own trade 
: s concerned, but to whom we owe, in large meas- 
ure, the maintenance of the "open door" policy on 
the Asiatic continent. 

* * * 

Chicago is in as great a turmoil as ever over its 
attempted solution of its chronic street railway 
difficulties, notwithstanding the fact that the plan 
submitted to the City Council by the railway com- 
panies has received the unqualified approval of the 
mayor, the councilmen and most if not all of the 
newspapers of that city. The proposed settlement 
is on the basis of the city's own appraisal, promise 
of sweeping reforms which will, necessitate the ex- 
penditure by the railway companies of about $40,- 
000,000, and a division of the net earnings — 55 per 
cent to go to the city and 45 per cent to the com- 
panies. The city reserves the right to 
Chicago's purchase the properties outright, at any 
Problem time, by giving six months' notice of its 
intention. Before the election which 
placed him in office Mayor Dunne pledged himself 
in writing to permit no traction settlement without 
a referendum. But the traction ordinance cannot 
be reported to the City Council before February 1, 
according to one of the local papers, and cannot be- 
come the subject for a petition for referendum until 
then. As the election takes place April 2, and as 
the petition must be filed sixty days before that 
time, but twenty-four hours would remain in which 
to secure the necessary 87,000 signatures — a mani- 
fest physical impossibility. The mayor's pledge is 
therefore worthless. 

* * * 

The press of Chicago seems unanimously to favor 
immediate action by the mayor and the council, 
without awaiting the referendum. If this is to be 
accomplished, Mayor Dunne must violate his ante- 
election pledge ; but this promise is generally re- 
garded as one that is better broken than redeemed, 
under the conditions which have arisen. The 
Chronicle cynically delivers its views in these 
words : "It is exasperating to have a mayor and 
council, elected and paid to study such subjects, 
plead the baby act and resort to trickery to shift 
the responsibility to the very people 
Editorial who elected them on account of their 
Cynicism superior wisdom and ability." The Tri- 
bune, which organized a partial refer- 
endum of its own by means of 36,000 postal cards, 
declares that more than three-fourths of the citizens 
interviewed in this way are for immediate settle- 
ment of the question. Los Angeles, having seen 
some interesting experiences with the postal card 
vote and having learned that scientific padding of 

such a vote may produce results that tend to mis- 
lead the people, should remember the experience of 
Chicago and avoid the Tribune's method if the time 
ever comes when public ownership of any public 
utility is proposed. 

* * * 

Senator Lodge has come to the defense of Presi- 
dent Roosevelt in the Brownsville incident, quoting 
law and precedent in proof of his contention that 
the President, as commander-in-chief of the army; 
"has the right to punish or discharge except so far 
as it is limited or regulated by the law-making- 
power which has enacted the articles of war." Ar- 
ticle 4 provides that "no enlisted man, duly sworn, 
shall be discharged from the service without a dis- 
charge in writing signed by a field officer of the 

regiment to which he belongs or by 

Brownsville the commanding officer when no field 

Incident officer is present, and no discharge 

shall be given to any enlisted man be- 
fore his term has expired, except by order of the 
-President, the Secretary of War, the commanding, 
officer of a department or by sentence of a general 
court-martial." Senator Lodge holds that under 
this phrase of the law the power of the President 
the Secretary of War or the commanding officer of 
the department to discharge an enlisted man is ex- 
pressly recognized. 

* * * 

It seems logical to conclude that if the President 
has the right to discharge one enlisted man he like- 
wise has the right to discharge two or three br 
eighty. The articles of war make it permissible 
for the President to "discharge without honor," a 
power which is not limited to courts-martial and: 
coming within the discretidn of the President, the 
Secretary of War and the commanding officer. It 
is maintained that inasmuch as an enlistment is a 
contract between the government and an individual, 
under decisions of the Supreme Court of the United 
States such contract is terminable at will by the 
government — and this is all that is done when an 

enlisted man is discharged "without 
President's honor."- During the past year, accord- 
Authority ing to the report of the judge advocate 

general, 352 enlisted men were so dis- 
charged from the army. If, as some of the Presi- 
dent's critics maintain, a soldier cannot be legally 
discharged except after having been convicted of 
crime on evidence which would satisfy a trial jury 
in a criminal court, the principle of discipline may 
as well be wiped off the code governing the army. 
It seems that the President is right, both from the 
legal and ethical standpoint. There is no doubt 
that the negro rowdies who "shot up" the town of 
Brownsville ought to have been discharged, and it 
is gratifying to know that we have a President who- 
is strong enough and brave enough to "take the 
bull by the horns" and kick them out of the army. 

The Pacific Outlook 

>r the first time in its history a minister of t lie 
Methodist Episcopal church has been inaugurated 
rnor of the State of Colorado. Henry A. Buch- 
tel, the new chief executive, followed a mode of pro- 
cedure in his entrance into office which probably is 
without parallel. Instead of following ancient cus- 
tom, he assumed the oath of office in the pulpit of a 
Methodist church in Denver, and refused to give Ins 
sanction to the customary inaugural ball. A minis- 
tor of any denomination in a gubernatorial office is 
a rare thing in American politics, but it does not 
necessarily follow that this minister is going to give 
the people of his state a rare administration. 
Though the belief that ministers are "cranks" when 
it comes to the consideration of politics is prevalent. 

friends of Governor Buchtel prophesy 

A Preacher that he will be found to be one of the 

Governor safest and most conservative men 

who have ever occupied the guber- 
natorial chair, in Colorado or in any other state. 
< me thing is certain, he has made a fine start by 
recommending legislation providing for the appoint- 
ment of a railroad commission to regulate rates 
giving the roads just consideration and having au- 
thority to permit special rates when it is believed 
that such concessions will aid new industries. The 
only flaw in this proposed measure is that, as it is 
not permitted under the federal law, the concessions 
suggested can be made within the confines of the 
State of Colorado only. As Governor Buchtel owes 
his election largely to the efforts of the women of 
Colorado, his administration will be watched with 
keen interest by equal suffragists elsewhere. The 
ladies' aid societies and sewing circles surely are 
coming to the front in politics, 

* * * 

i ine of the most remarkable meetings ever held 
on the Lake Shore Drive, the fashionable residence 
boulvard of Chicago's North Side, took place in 
the battlemented palace of Mrs. Potter Palmer last 
week when six hundred professional men, high offi- 
cials of the labor union and employers in various 
lines of business met to form a branch of the Na- 
tional Civic Federation. Since the Chicago World's 
Fair Mrs. Palmer has occupied a unique position, 
inasmuch as she has led society and incidentally 
allied herself with many big progressive move- 
ments. The drawing rooms, in which this woman 
who commands a fortune of many millions has en- 
tertained royal guests and celebrities of various 

degrees of greatness, have bee 

Leveling opened to receive many men and 

of the Classes women who belong to the vast 

army of the world's workers. 
There is no better sign of the times than this draw- 
ing together of the representatives of what appear 
to he divergent classes and this recognition of the 
unity of interest of the people of the nation which 
now faces tremendous problems that are the ac- 

companiment of prosperity. It was significant that 
Miss Jane Addams and her co-worker at Hull 

House, .Miss Marj McDowell, should have been 
conspicuous at the National I ivic Federation con 

ference. No woman in the United States has done 
SO much toward awakening the civic consciousness 
to a recognition of the brotherhood of man as Miss 
Addams, who has accomplished wonders by her 
eighteen years' service in settlement work. 

John D. Rockefeller is popularly believed to be 
the richest man in America, but if we are to believe 
Charles P. Norcross, Frederick Weyerhaeuser of St. 
Paul is able to buy up Rockefeller and still have a 
great fortune left. In the Cosmopolitan Mr. Nor- 
cross states that Weyerhaeuser holds timber-lands 
which are worth upwards of a billion of dollars, 
this property including 30,000,000 acres of timber- 
land in Washington, Oregon, Wisconsin and Minne- 
sota. This statement should be taken "cum grano 
salis" in the absence of more detailed and well- 
proven information. The total area 
Who is the of the four states mentioned by Mr. 
Richest Man? Norcross is 194,953,600 acres. If 
this wealthy gentleman of German 
extraction owns any such area of timber-lands as 
this writer asserts he does, it would mean that in 
him is vested title to more than fifteen per cent of 
the aggregate lands included within the borders of 
the four states, or more than one out of every seven 
acres. With all due respect to the interesting space- 
filler of the Cosmopolitan, we advise him to guess 
again. Few persons will be found who, after re- 
flection, will have any confidence whatever in his 

* * * 

One of the fundamental principles of our Ameri- 
can law is that an accused man shall be deemed in- 
nocent until he shall have been proven guilty. It 
is therefore but just to Mayor Harper and Chief of 
Police Kern that critics of these officials shall look 
upon them as sincere in their announced determina- 
tion to compel the representatives of the liquor in- 
terests in Los Angeles to abide strictly by the law 
until they begin to recede from the p6sition they 
have taken. Things that have been "generally 
understood" are not always facts. "They say" is 
the greatest liar in the world. The Pacific Outlook 
espoused the cause of non-partisanship in the recent 
city election because it believed, as it still believes. 
that non-partisan principles applied in purely local 
affairs are best for a community. It also vigorously 

opposed the selection of Mr. 

"They Say" May Kern for the important post of 

Be a Liar chief of the police department 

because of his well-known 
friendliness for the allied liquor interests. The non- 
partisan candidate for mayor was defeated and Mr. 

The Pacific Outlook 

Harper was elected. He made strong ante-election 
promises to give the city an honest, business-like 
administration. Until he proves unfaithful to his 
trust he should be sustained in his efforts by every 
good citizen, regardless of politics. As for Mr. Kern, 
if he proves himself strong enough to resist the 
powerful influences which undoubtedly are being 
brought to bear upon him to cause him to treat vio- 
lators of the liquor law leniently, he, too, should 
find the shoulder of every good citizen firmly 
against his own. He certainly has made a good 
start — with the odds against him. The fact that 
the liquor men are beginning to "get sore on him" 
is a good omen. He can stand that, but he cannot 
afford to have the other 269,580 citizens of Los An- 
geles "sore" on him. 

* * * 

Unthinkable, unspeakable, unwritable, disgusting, 
loathsome and utterly nauseating and sickening as 
the details of the notorious Corey-Gilman case are, 
a long-suffering reading public is still compelled to 
face, day by day, in newspapers which make some 
pretense of respectability, the printed "news" re- 
garding the latest aspects of this vulgar, salacious 
and criminal incident in American "society." We 
must apologize for the use of so many, adjectives. 

We looked in vain through many pages 
Obscene of the dictionary to find one descriptive 
Literature term which would fit the case, but the 

lexicographers seem to have fallen 
short of the mark. Seriously, any newspaper which 
makes such a scandalous incident as the Corey-Gil- 
man case a subject, for a leading news article — or, 
even less than that, publishes details of the progress 
of the case — should not only be debarred from every 
Christian and moral home in the land but from the 
United States mails. For if such publication does 
not come under the head of "obscene literature," 
what on earth does? 

* * * 

News that Thomas W. Lawson has been offered 
an engagement on the Orpheum circuit temporarily 
casts a gloom over the ambitious young persons 
who long to do stunts at fabulous salaries. It also 
discourages ambitious authors. It seems bad enough 
for the millionaires to corner all the money and then 
make fame by telling on one another through the 
magazines, but when they compete not only with 
writers but with actors it is enough to cause de- 
spondency among the monologists, the 
Too Bad singers of topical songs, the lady acro- 
of Lawson bats and the other talented persons 
who have never had any intention of 
trying to steal the trusts from their rightful owners 
and therefore deserve better treatment. Mr. Law- 
son probably will think twice before he becomes a 
"top liner," but even though he may be able to re- 
sist the fascination of the footlights he should re- 
member that he has done harm by calling out the 

offer. If John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie 
should happen to receive overtures from managers 
there is no telling what might happen. 

* * * 

After a mild protest the Library Board has de- 
cided to permit Charles F. Lummis, the city li- 
brarian, to stay at home as much as he pleases and 
to summon as many of the library employes as he 
needs in official work to assist him in the den of his 
stone castle on the edge of the Arroyo Seco. This 
innovation is interesting to the public and it estab- 
lishes a precedent that may be more or less revolu- 
tionary in its effects upon municipal government. If 
the heads of various departments of the complex 
civic machine find it more convenient to stay at 
home when they transact business, there may come 
a time when a citv hall will be a superfluous piece of 
property. With the mayor comfortably ensconced 
on his front porch and his secre- 
Real "Homie" tary's desk pleasantly situated in 
Government the summer house, the city treas- 
urer established, in the living room 
of his residence and the city funds hidden in the 
potato bin of the cold closet, the city attorney oc- 
cupying a hammock under his own orange trees, 
while his clerks lounge within call among the rose 
bushes, the health officer resting among the sofa 
pillows in his library and his assistants playing with 
germs and vaccine virus on the front lawn, there is 
no reason why Los Angeles should not become a 
city famous for its home rule. When- the cit" super- 
intendent of schools and the city engineer insist 
on doing their work at home, the real beauties of 
Mr. Lummis's new system of public service will be 
further demonstrated. 

* * * 

Southern California's Wealth. 

The Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce has com- 
piled an estimate of the value of the principal pro- 
ducts of Southern California for the year 10,06. The 
total, including miscellaneous manufactured pro- 
ducts roughly valued at $50,000,000, is estimated at 
$139,340,948. As the total population of the terri- 
tory is estimated to be 500,000, the production aver- 
ages about $280 for ever" man, woman and child 
in Southern California. Some of the chief products 
and values for 1906 are as follows : Citrus fruits, $20,- 
000,000; petroleum, $20,000,000; pork, beef, mutton, 
dressed, $6,500,000; beet sugar, $5,380,000; vege- 
tables and fruits, $5,000,000; gold and silver, $3,900,- 
000; hay, $3,677,360; grain, $3,000,000; beans, $2,- 
300,000; dried fruits and raisins, $2,000,000; beer, 
$1,800,000; clay, brick, granite, $1,750,000; nuts, $1,- 
637,250; butter, $1,500,000; canned goods, $1,100,- 
000; wine and brandy, $1,073,158; poultry, $935,980, 
celery, $750,000 ; eggs, $750,000 ; hides, $680,000 ; 
fertilizer, $650,000; melons, $612,000; olive oil, $500,- 
000; fresh fish, $450,000; olives, pickled, $425,000, 
lime, $410,000; gems, $340,000; cheese, $320,000; 
lumber, $300,000; salt, $200,000; asphaltum, $250,- 
000; potatoes, $175,000; cabbage, $170,000; honey, 
$150,000; tomatoes, 155,200; cauliflower, $150,000; 
canned fish, $130,000; mineral water, lithia, $70,000. 

T h e P a c i f i c O u t I o o k 9 


Former Counsul for Japan Sees Similarity in Japanese and Chinese Problems, 
and Argues for BotK Justice and Expediency 

i '^luiriic Howes, formerly editorial writer for 
well-known and influential newspapers of New 

York and Boston and for four years honorary con- 
sul for Japan in Boston, has written for the January 
number of the North American Review an article 
on the Japanese question which every thoughtful 
Californian should read. He expresses the convic- 
tion that, as history repeats itself, one may be war- 
ranted in discovering, in the present anti-Japanese 
agitation, "more serious grounds for apprehension 
than would be found if the question at issue went 
no further than whether Japanese children, residing 
in San Francisco, should go to a public school at- 
tended only bv Orientals, or should be permitted 
to receive instruction in the public schools of the 
municipal districts in which they live." 

Mr. Howes exhibits a not surprising lack of 
familiarity with the political situation in California 
when he sees in the adoption of the exclusion planks 
in the Republican and the Democratic platforms last 
fall something of a more serious nature than the 
San Francisco situation would indicate. He does 
not realize, as the average Californian of intelligence 
does, that these planks were nothing but cheap 
political buncombe, both of which have been re- 
peatedly and aptly characterized as "fool planks." 
He thinks that he is able to see, from Boston, "a 
popular feeling of antagonism" for the Japanese 
"not essentially different from that which, a genera- 
tion ago, formed the basis of the successful Chinese 
exclusion agitation." Considering the points of 
resemblance and difference between the old move- 
ment and the new he says: 

"The success which attended the efforts to ex- 
clude Chinese immigrants made it evident that the 
benefit to be obtained from having near at hand a 
large supply of labor to perform needed work is not, 
on the Pacific Slope, a consideration which can be 
counted upon to offset a popular agitation, notably 
when the latter is supported by those who represent 
organized labor. It is of distinct national benefit 
that this should be the case if the movement thus 
supported rests on sound principles; for it would 
be of obvious disadvantage to have our government 
policy controlled by interests which were, while 
industrial, entirely material in their character. But 
this experience proves that the acknowledged de- 
mand on the Pacific Slope for the class of labor 
which the Japanese can best supply will not prevent 
a seemingly general demand for the exclusion. 
Then, too, this Japanese exclusion agitation has the 
potency derived from united political action. All of 

the various parties have requested it, in precisely 
the same way that they demanded Chinese ex- 
clusion. The national effect of such action is to in- 
timate plainly that the electoral vote of California 
in a Presidential election will be given to the candi- 
date of that party which pledges itself in its nation- 
al platform to favor this wished-for legislation. In 
a doubtful election the electoral votes of California, 
with the probable addition to those of Oregon, 
Nevada and Washington, and perhaps also those of 
Idaho, Montana and Utah, these forming an aggre- 
gate of thirty-one out of the 476 votes cast, would 
constitute influences which might have serious 
weight with those who were shaping, at a national 
political convention, the future policy of a party. It 
was tactical considerations such as these that were 
instrumental in bringing about the passage of the 
Chinese exclusion act, for at the time there was but 
little positive anti-Chinese sentiment in the Central, 
Southern and Eastern sections of our country." 

Mr. Howes considers the anti-Japanese and the 
former anti-Chinese sentiment closely similar. He 
points out that the Chinese and Japanese are widely 
different in their respective national developments, 
the former being unaggressive and peace-loving, the 
latter, when need called for it, warlike and aggres- 
sive, having shown "a spirit of patriotism almost, if 
not wholly, without parallel." While our dip- 
lomatic and commercial relations with the Chinese 
government remained essentially undisturbed dur- 
ing the Chinese exclusion agitation, until the Ameri- 
can immigration authorities violated the conditions 
both of our treaty with China and of the exclusion 
law, with the Japanese government "even the im- 
plication conveyed in the San Francisco school in- 
cident, that the subjects of the Emperor of Japan 
were not considered in a part of the United States 
to be the equals of the subjects of the Tzar of Rus 
sia, the Emperor of Austria or the King of Italy, 
has been a provocation of sufficient force to call 
forth a sirong protest. For our Government to 
take the extreme step of excluding Japanese would 
provoke retaliation on the part of the Japanese, as 
certainly as night follows day." 

Inasmuch as half a century ago we took it upon 
ourselves to compel Japan to abandon her policy of 
exclusion and open her doors to the commerce of 
nations. Mr. Howes argues that though the Japanese 
would not feel themselves called upon to protest 
against the adoption by the American people of re- 
strictions upon all immigration, they would in- 
dignantly resent any act of exclusion which singled 

The Pacific Outlook 

them out for discriminatory treatment. They would 
do this on the ground that we ought to be the last 
people in the world to adopt toward them a line of 
action similar to that which we had forcibly com- 
pelled them to abandon. This argument appears to 
us to be the strongest that can be raised against 
the adoption of the policy into which the labor 
agitators of San Francisco and a few others seek to 
force the federal government. 

Mr. Howes thinks that there is no probability 
that Japanese resentment would lead to an appeal to 
arms, even if the policy of excluding their people 
from this country were adopted by our Government. 
This assertion can be safely made, he believes, if 
for no other reason, because Japan could gain noth- 
ing by such a course. Our Philippine possession 
stands in no danger of capture by the Japanese, 
who, like ourselves, are the acclimated inhabitants 
of the temperate zone. They cannot properly 
colonize their semitropical colony of Formosa, for 
their children, born on that island, almost always 
die if not sent to pass their childhood in the cooler 
climate of Japan ; hence, a highly tropical pos- 
session, such as the Philippines, would not offer a 
suitable place for settlement to the surplus popula- 
tion of the empire, which is now increasing by birth 
at the rate of more than 600,000 per annum. This, 
he is convinced, "must and will find vent for itseli 
in the relatively sparsely settled areas of Korea and 
Manchuria. There would be no war with the 
United States ; that would be looked upon with ab- 
horrence by all intelligent Japanese ; but this revoca- 
tion of amicable relations by the nation which the 
Japanese have regarded as their nearest and best 
friend would be followed almost inevitably by a 
change of commercial policy on their part. * * * 
The much more serious effect which our policy of 
inviting Japanese resentment would produce would 
be found in the changed attitude of Japan respecting 
the question of the 'open door' to trade in China. 
The markets of Manchuria, in which the cotton 
mills of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, 
North and South Carolina, Georgia and Alabama 
have sold some $40,000,000 worth of their outputs 
per annum, have been safeguarded for the benefit of 
our manufactures by the Japanese army and navy, 
and have been held sacred to our trade, in spite of 
the strong temptation that has existed to make 
them tributary to the cotton mills of Osaka. To 
expect that after we had adopted an exclusion 
policy we should continue to retain any of the trade 
of that part of Manchuria now under Japanese con- 
trol, by their maintenance in our favor of the 'open 
door' policy, would be to credit those whom we 
had in a gratuitous manner nationally offended with 
the possession of superhuman generosity. 

"The loss of present and prospective Japanese 

and Manchurian trade would be but a part, and 
possibly the smaller part, of the price we should be 
called upon to pay. The Chinese boycott of last 
winter, a movement against our trade which only 
the most strenuous official resistance prevented 
from having serious consequences, was a significant 
admonition that little love for our nation is enter- 
tained by the merchants and the common people of 
China. Japanese influence is now the dominant 
factor in Eastern Asia. Imitation of Japanese 
methods and policy is considered by the Chinese 
and other Orientals as the highest embodiment of 
statesmanship. Should Japan erase our name from 
her list of commercial friends, one may be sure that 
the greater part of the markets of the Far East 
would be directly or indirectly closed to our trade. 
"In the fiscal year of 1897, the trade between our 
Pacific Slope ports and the ports of Eastern Asia 
had a value in round numbers of $75,000,000. In 
the fiscal year of 1906, this trade had increased to 
approximately $140,000,000, with a promise of enor 
mous future expansion. So far as we are concerned, 
the continuance and growth of this trade is con 
tingent upon the maintenance of sentiments of good- 
will and respect between Japan and the United 
States. There is no probability of any large migra 
tion of Japanese to this country. Their movement, 
like that of the great tide of humanity, will be west- 
ward. For years to come, there will be ten im- 
migrants from Italy and Russia and Hungary ar- 
riving in this country to every Japanese who comes 
hither. If, in obedience to a prescriptive sentiment, 
we bar our doors against the entrance of these rela- 
tively few Japanese, our countrymen on the Pacific 
Slope can bid farewell to any hopes they may have 
entertained concerning their future commerical de- 
velopment, because by this action we shall have de- 
stroyed their Asiatic trade and turned the ocean 
that faces them from an avenue for commerce into 
a trade barrier." 

* * * 

Odoriferous Boreas 

The new Governor of California, who, prior to 
the election, was highly lauded by the partisan Re- 
publican organs for his firmness, wobbles and strad- 
dles in his first official utterance. No intelligent 
man, after carefully reading his first message to the 
legislature, can reach a conclusion as to his attitude 
on several questions of great importance to the peo- 
ple of the state. He is entitled to the degree of past 
master in equivocation. 

That Governor Gillett is a machine-made imple- 
ment is a statement that admits of little doubt. 
With a completely subservient chief executive and 
legislature at Sacramento, God save the State ! We 
shall all need to hold our noses every time the wind 
blows from the north. 

The Pacific Outlook 


The Cffect the Marvelous California Climate Seems to Have Upon tKe Hearts 
of Spinsters and Widows, Bachelors and Widowers 

Bv in. Dp to date Grandmother 

It w . - h for a wedding present the other 

day tli;\t made me realize suddenly that there must 
thing in the climate of Southern California 
especially conducive to romance. It I kept my ac- 
counts, as a methodical middle-aged person should, 
I would b tell just how many of my friends 

and acquaintances have been married within a year. 
< >f ci urse, 1 expect that my daughter's associates 
fall in love, but it startles me when my own con- 
temporaries carry on desperate flirtations. 

Women whom I have known in the East as 
prosaic matrons I r ho] eless spinsters come to South 
em California and immediately put on new person- 
alities As soon as they talk about the effect of the 
moonlight seen through the palm trees, I wait to 
l'.ear that a new friend or an old acquaintance has 
been "exceedingly courteous." Then I watch for 
Marcel waves, picture hats and coquettish shoes. 

Nothing shows a woman's attitude of mind to- 
ward her fellow men so much as her coiffures, her 
millinery and her footgear. Widows who have worn 
black for ten years in New York or Chicago "light- 
en" it after a month in Los Angeles or Pasadena 
and the strongest minded bachelor maids affect 
fluffy things before they have visited half the show 
places of Southern California. 

Strangers tell me that there is an unreality about 
life on the coast, so I suppose it is to be expected 
that newcomers should be susceptible to all sorts of 
poetic influences. Palm trees and climbing roses 
have been so long associated with stage scenery 
that perhaps it is no wonder the average man or 
woman who comes to California longs to play a 
leading part in a romance. Age, or previous condi- 
tion, appears not to safeguard any one. Americans 
are so restless that when they have an idle moment 
they must do something, so they employ it by falling 
in love. 

Los Angeles lures thousands of men away from 
business and they forget the pursuit of the dollar 
long enough to be intense and more or less foolish 
in their sentimentality. Americans woo in much 
the same manner that the)' conduct all their other 
affairs. No time is lost and engagement rings ap- 
pear to be in demand just as soon as the routine 
programme of a theater party or two, a trip to San 
Gabriel and a few automobile rides has been car- 
ried out. That is why so many jewelers flourish in 
Los Angeles. 

These thoughts came to me while I was waiting 
to see whether I could buy a copper chafing dish 
for the same price as a plain silver one. They were 

impressed On my mind when another up-to-date 

grandmother came in to look at necklaces of the 
tiouveau art Style. The moment I saw her hair and 
her hat 1 looked at the tip of her shoe. It was gray 
iike her gown. She appeared uncomfortable when 
she recognized me. She was evidently psychic 
enough to know wdiat I was thinking, for I had seen 
her at the theater with a bachelor who has nothing 
to do but carry opera wraps Monday evenings, at- 
tend dinner parties Tuesdays, go to dances Wednes- 
days, call on the prettiest girl and the most charm- 
ing divorcee he has met within the fortnight Thurs- 
days, attend dances Fridays, loaf at his club Satur- 
days and enjoy the beaches Sundays. It did not 
seem possible that he could have been in earnest 
in his attentions to the other up-to-date grand- 
mother, but when she told me that she was looking 
for a necklace that would have some significance I 
asked : 

"Do you mean you will wear it hidden?" 

She did not exactly blush because it is not easy 
to show one's feelings through one's complexion 
after one is forty, but she did drop her eyes and 

"I don't understand you. You say such extraor- 
dinary things." 

At that moment she was looking at a queer imita- 
tion of an Egyptian medallion and I answered: 

"Oh, I thought you might be selecting your own 
present a week after Christmas." 

She really liked my delicately indicated sus- 
picions. I knew she would, for nothing pleases a 
middle aged woman half so much as the suggestion 
that she is a heartless coquette. She told me con- 
fidentially that she had been at a house party at one 
of the beaches and had had a delightful time. At 
this moment the clerk announced that the copper 
chafing dish would be slightly less than the sterling 
silver one and I said I thought I would wait a day 
or two before making the purchase. Even after 
one's courage has been screwed up to the point 
of spending $35 or $40 for a wedding present, it 
often oozes away. When my daughter, Margaret, 
was married the bride, upon whom I simply must 
bestow a gift, gave her a case of silver worth at 
least $150 and her father and mother sent a beleek 
tea set. 

Although I knew positively that I could not evade 
the wedding present I simply had not the heart to 
buy it then, especially as I have begun the new year 
by paying cash for everything. It is so much more 
difficult to part with gold pieces than to send checks, 

The Pacific Outlook 

so I used my lorgnette and remarked that I did not 
quite like the pattern of the copper chafing dish — 
it was not original. The clerk brought out one for 
$95 but I hastened away. 

The other up-to-date grandmother was stepping 
into her automobile and she asked me to ride to my 
home with her. She has a lot of money so perhaps 
it is not so strange she should be popular among 
"detached" men. 

"I must make a confession," she said. "It is a 
secret but I am about to do what you will think is a 
foolish thing." 

She paused and played with her gold linked purse. 

"You are to be married ?" I questioned, while the 
thought flashed through my mind that there would 
be another wedding present to buy. 

"Yes," she answered with what the elocutionists 
call the "heart tone" — it is down in one's chest and 
is sort of smothered. "I have at last been per- 
suaded. It all seems so wonderful !" 

"You have not told me who has persuaded you," 
I said with as much sympathy as I could muster. 

"Oh, I have found that Mr. Paul Patent-Leathers" 
(of course that is not his real name) "is simply 
miserable without me and I am so philanthropic I 
want to make him happy." 

She still used the heart tones. I do not care much 
for Mr. Patent-Leathers myself because he talks 
about nothing interesting and he has a way of look^ 
ing wise when he is merely trying to remember 
the golf scores at the Country Club, but I wished 
her many years of joy. 

"We shall be married quietly at my country 
place," she explained. "Then we are going abroad 
for the summer." 

"Have you told Frederick ?" I inquired in my most 
practical tone. Frederick is her son and he is sure 
not to like anything that threatens to reduce his 
share of his mother's property. 

"No, I shall surprise every one but you. I want 
you to manage the wedding. Don't refuse. Because 
I am a — a grandmother there will be no showers or 
luncheons." She laughed nervously and I was nice 
enough to say comfortingly : 

"You are really young in every way. Now if I 
were to be married and if my friends 'showered' 
me with gifts I would need eye-glasses and rheu- 
matism medicine and woolly shawls." 

"How silly you are !" she laughed. "Don't you 
tell a soul." 

We reached my own door and as her machine 
rolled away I saw her put her muff to her face and 
look just as blissful as if she were twenty instead 
of forty-five. 

It is wonderful what witchery there is in South- 
ern California. I am glad I did not buy the chafing 
dish for I must give something worth while to a 
woman whose faith triumphs over experience. I 
shall buy an oriental rug for the young bride. Per- 

haps I can find a bargain for fifteen dollars that 
looks as if it cost sixty. There are lots of auctions 
at this season. 

* * * 

From Mountains to Sea 
In accordance with general expectations the citi- 
zens of San Pedro have defeated the proposed free- 
holders' charter by the decisive vote of 428 to 87. 
The result of the election, held January 7, is taken 
to indicate that the residents of that city prefer 
consolidation with Los Angeles. The next step to- 
ward a greater Los Angeles will be a special elec- 
tion to determine the question of consolidation. The 
City Council will be asked, by petition of voters of 
Los Angeles, to call the special election at an early 
date. . 

Under the law Los Angeles and San Pedro, with- 
in six months from the date of consolidation, must 
adopt a freeholders' charter for the government of 
the consolidated cities. This charter probably will 
follow the lines of the so-called Fuller system of 
government, which was adopted as the charter for 
Greater New York. This provides for the borough 
system of government, under which each borough 
practically is self-governing. Each borough has 
three commissioners and a president. The com- 
missioners of all the boroughs form one central 
body, while the presidents form the upper house of 
the same body. The boroughs separately vote upon 
the question of local option, while the commission- 
ers of each are responsible for street and other local 

Wilmington will probably be the next town to 
become a part of Los Angeles, and the sentiment in 
favor of consolidation is said to be growing in Long 
Beach also. The plans of the commission, if ful- 
filled, will make Los Angeles extend from the moun- 
tains to the sea. Territorially it will be one of the 
largest cities in the world. 

* *> 

Direct Trade With Hawaii 
Plans for the installation of a regular steamship 
service between San Pedro and Honolulu are being 
made. It has been stated that a company already 
has been formed and the capital stock fully sub- 
scribed and that one vessel for the proposed line has 
been purchased. The intention of the company is 
to purchase at least one more steamer and then to 
have constructed one or two more vessels should 
it be demonstrated that the venture can be made 
profitable. The opening of direct commercial rela- 
tions between the two ports cannot fail to be of 
great benefit to San Pedro and incidentally to the 
whole Southwest. 

* * * 
Educating trie Tourist 

Herman Charles, secretary of the Riverside 
Chamber of Commerce, has been sent to Los An- 
geles to. open headquarters where the attractions 
of Riverside will be presented to tourists in South- 
ern California. 

The Pacific Outlook 



He is Held Responsible by Many Persons for Accidents in no Sense Charg'e- 

abls to Him Some of His "Worries 

Few persons paused in the midst of the holii 
rush to pity the poor motormen of Los Angeles. 
Men and women who climbed on the front steps of 
crowded cars paid little attention to the silent, bine 
uniformed employes of the various tramway com- 
panies. Shoppers who had acquired the Christmas 
face were too self-centered to notice that the men 
that gripped the controller had lines of weariness 
and anxiety in their faces. 

It is quite the fashion in Los Angeles to discuss 
the number of street car accidents and there is no 
gainsaying the fact that statistics of casualties tell 
a terrible tale. Human life pays the price for the 
most extraordinary car service provided in any city 
in the United States. While various conditions 
tend to make collisions common, it must not be for- 
gotten that the motormen are compelled to take 
risks unknown in cities less up-to-date than the 
growing metropolis of Southern California. All the 
year round the high speed required, even on routes 
where various intersecting lines are to be crossed, 
increases opportunities for accidents, but the holi- 
day season presents difficulties that multiply the 
car crews' responsibilities. This year the crowds 
were so great that even the most phlegmatic motor- 
man felt the nervous strain. One of the sufferers 
told the story of his troubles the other day while 
his deserted car waited during a tie-up on Spring 

"It seems to me people lose what little sense they 
have left after they've been shopping, just as soon 
as they reach the street," he said, as he swung him- 
self around on his stool. "I've expected to run over 
a few old ladies and children but I guess luck has 
saved me. Sure, it wasn't anything else. Whenever 
I strike Spring street I draw a long breath and keep 
my eyes fixed on the rails. In the mornings, when 
the women come down town, they all try to get off 
before the car crosses the street. Before I really 
stop they hurry off, taking care to hang on to the 
rail with their right hands so that they can be 
thrown backwards if they lose their balance. When 
I answer two bells by going ahead, they scowl at 
my back and exclaim to their friends: 'Oh, that 
stupid man.' Somehow, they like to get off in front 
because they can escape from the conductor who 
tries to make them avoid suicide. 

"Before Christmas lots of women took those little 
push carts down town and they'd think I ought to 
leave my place in order to help them off. Every 
time I saw one of the baby carriages lifted off into 
the street I groaned to myself because I knew it 
would be crossing the track right in front of a car, 

just as soon as the woman who had it wanted to 
hunt a bargain that seemed hard to reach. It makes 
a man grow chilly and scared when he has to put 
on the brake a few feet away from a poor baby that 
is strapped into a two wheeled buggy. Once last 
week I came so near running over a child about two 
years old that I shiver yet. The mother was look- 
ing into one of those fish net bags and she did not 
see the car until I called to her. I stopped with a 
jerk that shook up the passengers, but the baby was 
hit by the fender, which is one of the new kind. It 
wasn't hurt at all, yet you should have seen the 
way the woman acted to me. She cried and scolded 
just as if it was all my fault. 

"The old ladies that start to cross when we're 
half a block away and then dodge back and wait 
until the car is pretty near them make me lose my 
temper. They always manage to get so close they 
seem to be just tempting providence but at the last 
step they fall back and ask the help of a policeman. 

"The nervous women that are absent minded 
bring gray hairs to the motorman's head. They 
simply promenade in front of a car and look haughty 
and disdainful when they've had the closest sort of 
a chance of escape. Lately those automobile veils 
do a lot of mischief for they act like blinders on a 
horse and keep the car out of sight. 

"Speaking of automobiles makes me think of the 
fresh young men home from college who have been 
running their pas' machines. They act as if they 
owned the whole street and all the buildings on 
both sides of it. Sometimes they run right ahead 
of a car and stop whenever they please. When they 
are taking pretty girls for a ride they are what a 
fellow might call the limit. They speed along as 
saucy as if there wasn't a policeman in the city. 

"Messenger boys on bicycles and the riders of 
motorcycles also give a car crew many bad times. 
It isn't any wonder that most of us have to take 
vacations every -once in a while. The newspapers 
say that most accidents are the result of careless- 
ness but they don't lay the carelessness on the right 
party. Do you think a man who has run over any 
person ever wants to repeat the experience? Once 
my car killed a little boy and I have never gotten 
over the recollection of it. He was about four years 
old and just as the car rounded a corner he ran 
right in front of it. I can see how he looked chasing 
a big rubber ball. It was just after Christmas and 
the ball was one of those striped ones with green 
and red and yellow on it. I saw a tow head and a 
pair of blue overalls and I put on the brake but it 
was too late. Everything was black before my 
eyes when we stopped. There wasn't even a cry 
but I couldn't move. It was a year before I could 
work regular after that. 

"You will notice that most of the motormen are 
young. The work requires nerve and quickness. A 
motorman must have wits and he must keep them 
in use every moment he is on duty." 

Here the tie-up untied and the motorman began 
to watch the rails once more. 

T4 The Pacific Outlook 


The Borg Monotypes 

When Carl Oscar Borg's exhibition of mono- 
types at the Little Corner of Local Art closed a 
fortnight ago, the artist must have felt greatly en- 
couraged by the cordial appreciation that was 
shown for his work. The monotypes sold rapidly, 
and, better still, they brought wide recognition of 
the talents of the man, who had had the courage 
to work faithfully against all sorts of odds. 

Mr. Borg is especially happy in expressing in- 
dividuality and poetry, which are his distinguishing 
characteristics, through a branch of art pursued as 
a pastime by many great painters. He has the 
power of saying much in simple lines and broad 
masses. Naturally the man who loves the sea and 
reproduces its varied charm in color with a feeling 
and strength that compel admiration would make 

"The Little Mii.t.iner" 
Painting by. Miss Lid* Price in Paris Salon of 1906 

much of ships and boats, even Jn his monotypes. 
"The Viking's Fleet" conveys the true Norse spirit 
It has the quality of an old print, so truly does it 
give the impression of age — it is as if a man of long 
ago had sketched the craft with which he was 
familiar. It repays close study and has a peculiar 
fascination that carries one back to memories of 
sagas read with a heart beat for the heroic deeds 
they chronicled. 

"The Coming Storm" is one of the most remark- 
able of the entire collection. It has the quality 
of a fine etching and -something more, for the lights 
and shades are handled with a delicate regard for 

values that only the colorist can give. It is a fine 
piece of work in which there is depth and beauty. 

"Coming in With The Tide" is another monotype 
that lifts the artist to the plane of the man that has 
a creative gift far- above that of the average worker 
who seeks to make his dreams come true. "Evening 
on the Coast of Brazil" is another of the pictures 
Brave Old Oak" reveals a deftness in handling 
that has found favor with all who saw it. "The 
trees. Life, atmosphere and distinction are to be 
found in this study. "A Fair Wind" and "In Quiet 
Waters" are also good specimens of the best in this 
novel collection of monotypes. 

One of the most unusual of the little pictures is 
called "Behind the Scenes." Three glimpses of the 
stage of a theater are given. They are sketches 
done with spirit and character and are dimly sug- 
gestive of a Hogarth drawing. 

Three monotypes in color are fascinating. "The 
River Bend" is a charming bit, while "The Forest 
Road" and "Autumn" divide honors with it. 

In this late exhibition of pictures, naturally the 
artist invites comparison with his more ambitious 
paintings in oil seen two months ago. The mono- 
types reveal the true personality of the artist, since' 
they give assurance that, when he is not limited by 
any consciousness of the medium with which he 
works, he has much to express. This does not 
imply criticism of Mr. Borg's previous exhibition, 
since in that he presented many charming canvases. 

The number of monotypes sold proved that they 
made an appeal that could not be resisted. They 
brought orders that doubtless will keep Mr. Borg 
busy for some time at his studio, No. 221 West 
Fifth street, where a number of his pictures and 
monotypes will be exhibited. 

Exhibition at the "Little Corner" 

Mrs. Tdah Meacham Strobridge, who is recover- 
ing from her recent accident, is again busy in her 
book bindery. In the Little Corner of Local Art 
are displayed pictures by leading California artists. 
Great care has been made in selecting the paintings 
in oil and water colors, the etchings and monotypes 
offered for sale. 

■ Of special interest is the exhibition of pictures 
on one of the walls of the bindery. This is quite 
independent of those in the Little Corner, for this 
small group of valuable paintings belongs to Mrs. 
Strobridge's private collection from which every 
week four or five are chosen for the purpose of 
illustrating the method of each local favorite in the 
art world. This week Hanson Puthuff's "A Can- 
yon, Highland Park" and Granville Redinond's 
"Flock's Return at Eventide" are shown. Of 
course these pictures are not for sale, but they 
serve to attract attention to the artists and -indeed 
have proved to be most seductive bait. Mrs. Stro 
bridge has more than fifty paintings that are repre- 

The Pacific Outlook 


sentativc of the best achievement of the leading 
painters of the coast, Her latest acquisition is a 
Christmas gift from Maynard Dixon, a charming 
water color. A norseman is riding across a strip of 
rt at the foot of a mountain vague in the purple 
haze so familiar to those who are accustomed to 
the wonderful color effects on the arid lands of 
Arizona and Nevada. This water color is painted 
with a simple sincerity that is most effective. 

Art Notes 

Malcom Macleod has been elected president of 
the Palette Club. The subject for this month's 
sketches is "Street Scenes in Los Angeles." 

Much interest is felt in the exhibition of paintings 
by Robert Wagner, which will open in Steckel's 
gallery January 21. Mr. Wagner has been one of 
the leading artists in the famous colony at Santa 
Barbara and he has come to live in Los Angeles, 
where he has many friends. His portrait of Stewart 
I'd ward White, the author, which was exhibited at 
Steckel's gallery several months ago, attracted wide 
attention, and it has awakened large expectations 
concerning the coming exhibition. 

Gutzon Borglum, remembered in Los Angeles as 
I. G. Borglum, who broke to pieces two of the 
statues lie made for the Cathedral of St. John the 
Divine because the objection was made that the 
angels had the form of women, continues to make 
severe comments on art as he sees it along Broad- 
way. Xew York. He says the stationery shops arc 
lined with pictures that ought to be suppressed. 

Members of tin Arts and Crafts Association will 
enjoj a Bohemian evening Monday. January 21, in 
the club rooms in the Wright and Callender 


Famous Ceramic Artist 
Mrs. S. S. Frackleton was the guest of honor 
Tuesday evening al a reception given by the Califor- 
nia Badger club at the home of Mrs. I-'.. W. Gilmore, 
Xo. 2001 1 (cean Viev avenue. Mrs. Frackleton is 
famous for her pottery, which has made her name 
known among lovers of ceramic art. She was long 
a resident of Milwaukee ami in that city began to 
model exquisite vases and pitchers, lamps and 
bowls, which she decorated with an originality that 
speedily won recognition. For the last five years 
she has been a resident of Chicago. Her studio in 
the Fine Arts building is one of the interesting 
goals toward which literary and artistic folk turn 
their footsteps. There she is to be found moulding 
the exeptisite pieces of pottery that will add to her 
reputation as one of the foremost ceramic artists 
in America. She has won medals in all the exposi- 
tions held within the last twenty years and artists of 
Paris,. Rome, Antwerp and London have paid her 
the highest tribute. She established the American 
League of Mineral Painters and was first president 
of the organization. Mrs. Frackleton has a fascina- 
ting personality. She is witty, brilliant and original. 
She will pass a few weeks in Los Angeles, where 
she has found many friends who give her most en- 
thusiastic welcome. 

Old Parish Housk, Church of Our Lady of the Angels 

A. Landmark to be Razed 

Recent rains have made it necessary to replace 
the old parish house connected with the Church of 
Our Lady of the Angels opposite the Plaza with a 
convenient, modern residence. To persons who 
have a taste for picturesque and historic architec- 
ture this necessary demolition of a landmark will 
seem to be a subject of regret, but care will be taken 
that the new building shall be in harmony with the 
church. The parish house is about forty years old. 
It faces the garden and there is a long porch across 
the front. It is brick, not adobe, but it has the ap- 
pearance of great age, as it is weather beaten. A 
front door opens in the middle and low ceilinged 

rooms are situated on either side of the entrance. 
Father Juan Caballeria and his assistant have found 
this house unhealthful, for it is set low on the 
ground and is exceedingly damp in wet weather. 

The new building will be in the mission style, but 
the lower floor will be used for stores, while the 
priests will have apartments in the second story. 
It will have a frontage of thirty feet and a wide 
passage with a mission arch will provide entrance 
to the side door of the church. It is promised that 
the new structure will look not unlike the old, inas- 
much as the stores will not front on the garden and 
the arch will connect it with the church, which will 
not be altered. 


The Pacific Outlook 

Hartmann and Borschke 

Arthur Hartmann, the violinist, made his first ap- 
pearance in Los Angeles on the evening of January 
ii, in a recital at Simpson's Auditorium, and proved 
himself an artist of high rank. He has a fine tech- 
nique and a great deal of temperament but it is diffi- 
cult to agree with his taste as an interpreter or with 
his exaggerated phrasing or overwhelming tempos. 
The concerto by Vieuxtemps gave him a good op- 
portunity to display his technique and temperament, 
but even its slight demand for depth was ignored. 
From a technical standpoint Hartmann's rendition 
of the Bach Chaconne could not have been better, 
but the necessary simplicity and dignity were en- 
tirely wanting. 

-In the Indian Legend, a composition of not very- 
serious style, he was perhaps at his best, and played 
with a beautiful singing tone, fine interpretation and 
phrasing. His own Rhapsodie is a work strongly 
reminiscent of the sentimental weeping airs of 
Liszt or Sarasate, a didel-didel in a minor key, with 
fresca or gypsy finish, a composition easily con- 
ceived and as easily performed, but it aroused the 
greatest enthusiasm as he played it beautiful. 

"To a Wild Rose," by McDowell-Hartmann, (the 
theme by McDowell and the high pitch apparently 
by Hartmann), was tamely rendered but had to be 
repeated. The "Russian Airs," by Wieniawski, re- 
ceived rather a poor interpretation. The theme, 
from the beautiful popular Russian air, "The Red 
Sarapan," should be sung, but Hartmann took such 
a tempo that it was rather a Russian dance than a 
Russian air. 

Mr. Adolph Borschke, the pianist, a youth with 
Gretchen hair, accompanied Mr. Hartmann with 
taste and understanding, but his solos showed quite 
the opposite qualities. He has a soft touch and fair- 
ly good technique, but lacks in interpretation. 

Sgambati's "Nenia," his first number, is a com- 
position great and deep in idea, and to follow the 
composer's conception the melody should be played 
maestro with a calm and beautiful singing tone in 
one-half as fast a tempo as Mr. Borschke took. The 
octaves for the left hand, which should remind us of 
the Catholic church bells, were played to give us 
the impression of a thunderstorm, and so the whole 
idea of peace was really lost. It was not Nenia in 
prayer, but something that nobody could make out ! 
In Sauer's "Murmuring of the Wind" he missed 
most of the beautiful passages which give the piece 
its character, and in the last number, the "March 
Militaire," it was difficult to imagine marching 
soldiers as it was played in a rhythm which brought 
visions of a real Vienna Prater dance. 

In his success Borschke can surely be thankful in 
part to his hair. His bow, with its accompanying 
effects of spectacular locks, could not fail to enter- 
tain the public, but one could not but feel that a 

blue or pink ribbon artistically tied about them 
might at least obviate the necessity of combing af- 
ter each bow ! 

Hartmann played at a second concert, his fare- 
well appearance this season, Thursday evening, 
when he again won enthusiastic applause from .an 
audience, which was pleased with the brilliancy of 
technique and the sensuous beauty revealed in the 
violinist's interpretations. 

The Gamut Club entertained the artist at dinner 
Wednesday evening. 


Ellis Club's Concert 

The Ellis Club's second concert of the season, 
Tuesday evening, proved to be one of the most suc- 


As '-Lady Babbie" in' The Little Minister" 

cessful ever given by an organization famous for 
the high quality of its programmes. Under the> 
baton of J. B. Poulin, the singers did beautiful work. 
The various numbers were selected admirably for 
the display of the range and quality of the voices. 
Among the songs most applauded were Bullard's 
"Sword of Ferrara" and "Winter Song," "The 
Rosary" and Beschnitt's "Ossian". Two composi- 
tions by Henry Edmond Earle, a member of the 
club, were given with effect. The "Lullaby" was 
particularly good. A. feature of the concert was the 

The Pacific Outlook 


quintette, tlnu . oboe, clarinet, French horn and 
played by William II. Mead, K. Messinger, 
ski, E. B. Smith and Morton F. Mason. 

Madame Schumann-Heink's Programme 

Madame Schumann-Heink will sins •" Simpson 
Auditorium Thursday evening, January 24. and Sat- 
urday afternoon. January jf>. She comes as the fifth 
attraction in the Philharmonic Course, which the 
manager, I.. E. Behymer, lias made so successful 
this year. The most famous contralto in the world 
has returned to the stage after triumphs in grand 
•opera and comic opera. When she appeared in 
Paris and Berlin recently she won the most extra- 
vagant praise from critics who declared that her 
noble voice has preserved all the depth and purity 
which distinguished it in the singer's earlier years. 
At the evening concert Madame Schumann-Heink 
will be heard in fifteen numbers. The programme 
follows : 

Arie. "Vitella" (Titus), Mozart. Der Wanderer, 
\n die Musik, Die Allmacht, Franz Schubert. Two 
Songs from "Dichterliebe" (A and B), Ich grolle 
nicht. Ein Jungling liebt ein Madchen, Fruhlings- 
fahrt, Robert Schumann. Gute Nacht, Im Herst, 
Es hat die Rose sich beklagt. Franz. Es mus ein 
wunderbares sein', Die Drei Zigeuner, Franz Liszt. 
Sapphische Ode, Six Hungarian Gypsy Songs — Ye 
Gypsies sound your Harp, High and towering Rima 
stream. Know ye, when my lov'd one is fairest, Lov- 
ing God, thou knowest, Art thou thinking often now 
Sweetheart, Rosebuds Three, Brahms. Piano Soli: 
Liebestraus, Liszt; Hochzeitstag auf Iroldhangen, 
Grieg. Recitative and Arie and "Rienzi," Wagner. 

"The Dictator" at the Belasco 

Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Stone re-appeared on the 
Belasco stage this week and found enthusiastic wel- 
come from the large audiences, in which were many 
friends of Miss Langham and the leading man 
whose real life love drama has reached the living- 
happily-ever-after act. 

"The Dictator," in which the bride and bride- 
groom have the principal parts, is a three-act farce 
that is typical of Richard Harding Davis's earlier 
writing. The role of Brook Travers, alias Steve 
Hill, gives Mr. Stone an opportunity to prove that 
he is quite as good in comedy as in serious parts. 
When that is said further praise is unnecessary, for 
no one can watch his work from week to week with- 
out feeling convinced that he will be a star of the 
first magnitude within a few years. This week he 
is a comedian who gives many a light touch and 
many a clever suggestion in the interpretation of an 
absurdly amusing character. 

Miss Langham as Juanita is as ever a charming 
personality and her comedy is delicious. Endowed 
with an individuality that promises the best attain- 
ment, this young actress provides many surprises, 
for she shows an amazing- adaptability which con- 
tradicts the first impression that she is necessarily 
limited to the interpretation of roles demanding ex- 
quisite refinement and conventional charm. 

Richard Vivian and Harry Glazier do much to aid 
in the success of "The Dictator," which is really 
a fascinating burlesque of a Southern American 
revolution. Mr. Vivian as the wireless telegraph 
operator and Mr. Glazier as Duffy the sleuth pro- 

voke laughter whenever they appear. Miss Marian 
Berg proves herself t.> he a most delightful Ameri- 
can girl, while Miss Graham as Mrs. Bowie, i~-. as 

ever, a convincing player. The scenery, tin- cos- 
tumes and indeed the thing called atmosphere are 

all SO satisfactory that no fault can he found with 
the production. 

A Clever Actress-Author. 

Hilda Gilbert is one of the many talented visitors 
who have come to Southern California for the win- 
ter. Forced to rest after several exacting seasons 
on the stage Miss Gilbert decided to pass a year in 
Los Angeles and now that she is recovering rapidly 
from the effects of overwork she naturally feels a 
returning interest in dramatic affairs. For the last 
few weeks she has been rehearsing St. Vincent's 
Dramatic Club in four one-act plays, which will be 


l^A * 





W ffiffi 

i 1 » -HF 

1 1 

l^sfe- - 


Hilda Gilbert 

As Meg Merroll in Comedy and Tragedy 

produced Thursday evening, January 31. One of 
these, "Stage Struck," is from the pen of Miss Gil- 
bert, who has a keen sense of humor and a tech- 
nical knowledge that enable her to write clever 
comedies. "Comedy and Tragedy," another of the 
plays which will be seen, January 31, has been 
adapted by the clever actress-author. "A N- 
Year's Dream" and "A P.acl Half Hour" will c 
plete the programme for an event that gives prom- 
ise of much enjoyment. 

Miss Gilbert is a New York girl. Aften serving 
an apprenticeship as a member of the Frohrnan 
stock company at Daly's Theater she went abroad. 


The Pacific Outlook 

In London she appeared in character sketches, 
which were given in the drawing rooms where the 
most fashionable people assembled. These proved 
so successful that when she returned to New York 
she presented them, first at the Waldorf and later 
at private houses. Leading society women became 
her patronesses and she was so cordially received 
that she was tempted to desert the stage. However, 
when the chance came to join Mrs. Fiske's com- 
pany, Miss Gilbert dropped the sketches to assume 
the role of Mrs. Elvstedt in "Hedda Gabler." Tn 
this part she won new honors, but it proved a 
severe nervous strain and after an illness she came 
to California. 

Miss Gilbert is petite and vivacious. She has 

Maud Bahikgton Booth 

clear-cut features and a wealth of Titian hair. She 
has a charming stage presence and a voice that is 
beautifully trained. As she will assume roles in the 
plays given by St. Vincent's Dramatic Club, the 
Los Angeles public will have a chance to see the 
actress whose work in "Hedda Gabler" is remem- 
bered with much pleasure, in characterizations that 
will prove her versatility. 

Bible Characters in Plays 

Within the last few years the American public 
has accepted many plays, which it would have 
spurned as sacrilegious in the seventies and eighties. 
Most of these plays have been the poorest sort of 
excuses for dramas and yet they have been tre- 
mendously successful. This week "The Holy 
City" has crowded the Auditorium. Clergymen 
and Sunday school teachers have enjoyed it and 
even commended it. Mothers have rushed to it 
with their babes in arms and numbers of the babes 
have been checked with the cloaks, if one of the 
daily newspapers is to be believed. 

As a counter attraction to all pious theater-goers 
"The Voice of the Mighty" has been played at the 


"Theatre Beautiful" 


... Manager ... 

Week Commencing Monday, January 21, with Wednesday and 
Saturday Matinees 

..♦T^E-Ferris Stock Company... 



In Nat Goodwin's Greatest Success 

The Cowboy and the Lady 

Dick Ferris as Teddy North The Cowboy 


PHONES: Home 2367 Main 51SS 

Matinee Prices: 10 and 25 cents Evening Prices: 10, 25, 35 and 50 cents 


Five Nights and Saturday Matinee 
Starting Tuesday, January 22 

Klaw and Erlanger's Stupendous Production com- 
ing by special trains. Introducing the 
Kings of Laughter 

..MclNTYRE and HEATH.. 

In a New and Beautiful Musical Novelty 


SEATS NOW ON SALE. Prices: 50c, 75c, $1.00, $1.50& $2 

Simpson Auditorium 

"X New University Course 


DR. John M. Driver 

Saturday Evening, Jan. 26 

Maud Ballington Booth 

Tuesday Evening, Jan. 22 

Wh® Hon. 

William Jennings Bryan 

Jacob Riis 

Friday Evening, Feb. 8 

Go?. Robert M. JL®. Follefte 



B. R. Baumgardt 

Tuesday Evening, Feb. 26 

Prices; $3, $4 and $5 for Reserved Seats. Secure at Once 

'I he Pacific Ou t I o o k 


in part of the week with the veteran actor, 
Will, in the role of John the Baptist. From 
the critic's point i f view "The \ oice of the Mighty"' 
is th> f the Biblical dramas. It is badly pul 

thcr; it is without any raison d'etre, but it 
affords an opportunity to present a portrait of the 
prophet and ltis characterization is something ; 

remembered. He has ice, won 

derfully musical and well managed, but even though 
he has chest tones that are like organ notes, it is 
difficult to understand win he should feel justified 
in misplacing Scripture quotations and in applying 
them to incidents that must offend all who hold 
the gospels in reverence. 

This John the Baptist of the modern stage is 
not an ascetic from the Wilderness. He is a man 
human and pathetic in personality. The love in- 
terest is supplied by introducing- three women who 
tempt the prophet. Salome, Ruth and Herodias arc 
characters that contribute plenty of color. The 
Story of the play is not worthy of its central figure. 
which Mr. ( I'Xeill makes impressive and dignified 
muler the most trving circumstances — and most of 

,_ — : — 


t&KjMjt <£"*» i 




the circumstances in "The Voice of the Mighty" 
are trying to anyone who knows about stagecraft. 
However, many of the scenes and tableaux appear 
to delight the audiences which never fail to recall 
John the Baptist again and again, so the work of 
pointing out faults is rather a thankless one. 

"The Count of Monte Cristo" was played Wednes- 
day and Thursday evenings and the old favorite, 
with which James O'Neill has been identified for 
many years, thrilled parquet and galleries. Edmond 
Dantes is one of the stage characters that will be 
Forever associated with this actor of big personality 
and peculiar power. It should be seen because it 
will become a historic memory like the Meg Merriles 
•of Charlotte Cushman and the Rip Van Winkle of 
Joseph Jefferson. 

At the Burbank 

Mary Van Buren slays a part well suited to her 

talents in "Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall," this 

week at the Burbank. She has a chance to make 

the most of her beauty and she invests the charac- 



Fifth Event of the Great Philharmonic Course 
The Greatest of all Vocalists 

Mme. Schumann-Heinle 

Two Concerts Only Thursday Eve., Jan. 24 

■ ■ ■ - ■ ■ ■■ ., , Saturday Mat., Jan. 26 

Seat Sale now on at Birkel Music Co.. 345 S. Spring St. Prices; 
51.00, $1.50, £2.00, 52.50 and $3.00 


Under the Direction of Hilda Gilbert 

Thursday Evening, January 3 1 st 


Will Present Four One-Act Comedies, Entitled 

''Comedy and Tragedy" "A New Year's Dream" 
"A Bad Half Hour" "Stage Struck" 

Tickets can be secured from Students and at door 
Prices 25 and 50 cents 

Indian Crafts Ex 



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Admission to Grounds 


Open Daily and Sunday 



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F. Selkinghaus 

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The Pacific Outlook 

ter with vivacity and reality. There is much action 
in this drama, for incident crowds incident and 
there is enough romance to please the most senti- 
mental person. William Desmond is an acceptable 
John Manners. Henry Stockbridge as the jester 
does a piece of work that is artistic. All the women 
are clever. Carrie Clarke Ward gives a fine imper- 
sonation of Lady Vernon, Maude Gilbert is con- 
vincing as Mary of Scotland and Lillian Lamson 
as Elizabeth is all that can be desired. 

Mason Opera House 

James Mclntyre and Thomas K. Heath, the fa- 
mous delineators of the old style negro who flour- 

natural comedy. They long ago established their 
right to be recognized as artists and to h old the 
position of leaders in this field of entertainment. 
There is no riot of ragtime or coon shouting in their 
performance. "The Ham Tree" has been written, 
around the old sketch, "The Georgia Minstrels." 
in which Mr. Mclrytyre and Mr. Heath appeared 
for several seasons. Klaw and Erlanger have given 
the players an elaborate production and have sur- 
rounded them with a strong company headed by 
Jeanne Fowler, Carolyn Gordon, Belle Gold, David 
Torrence and Alfred Fisher. Frederick V. Bowers,, 
the popular tenor and song writer, and W. C. Fields, 
the tramp juggler, are also in the cast. 





William Jennings Bryan 

ished in the South in the clays before the war, are 
the stars of Klaw and Erlanger's production of 
George B. Hobart's big musical vaudevilh, "The 
Ham Tree." This attraction will be presented at 
the Mason Opera House five nights beginning Tues- 
day, January 22, and including a Saturday matinee. 
The comedians, who have been before the public 
for thirty years, present the negro with all his 

At the Auditorium 

The fourth week at the Auditorium will open on. 
Monday night, January 21, when the Ferris Stock- 
Company will offer Clyde Fitch's clever comedy in 
three acts "The Cowboy and the Lady." Dick 
Ferris will be seen as Teddy North the Cowboy, a 
part especially suited to him, as he closely resembles 
the originator of the role. Miss Stone will play 
Mrs. Weston, an eastern woman who adopts the 

The Pacific Outlook 

wi'-i and its habits. The play is a series of cleverly 
drawn pictures of Colorado life with just enough 
of western speed and action to hold the auditor's 
attention throughout. Teddy North, the hero, with 
his early eastern training,«forms a dramatic contrast 
with his new surroundings. 

Mrs. Booth's Lecture 

Mrs. Maud Ballington Booth will open the new 
University Course of lectures in Simpson Auditor- 
ium Tuesday evening, January _>->. when she will 
speak on "Prison Reforms." giving part of her 
address to "The Woman's Side of the Criminal 
Problem." Mrs. Booth has true oratorical talent for 
she has dramatic power, intense earnestness and 
splendid enthusiasm. She commands the highest 
prices of any woman on the platform and she does 
not keep one cent of her earnings for herself. The 
large returns from her tour of fifty engagements will 
lie contributed toward the support of the two Hope- 
Halls, the homes she has established for paroled and 
discharged prisoners. Mrs. Booth is the wife of 
Commander Ballington Booth and through her 
work with the Volunteers of America she first be- 
came interested in prison reforms. Tickets for her 
lecture are now for sale at Birkel's music store. 

Dr. John Merritte Driver will be the second Uni- 
versity Course speaker. He will appear Saturday 
evening. January 26. Dr. Driver, who is pastor of 
the People's Church, Chicago, is one of the famous 
scholars and thinkers of the Middle West. He will 
discuss the question : "Whither Are We Drifting 
and What Will Be Our Final Destiny?" 

Mr. Bryan 
William Jennings Bryan will deliver the third 
lecture in the University Course Monday evening. 
January 28. His subject, "The Old World and Its 
Ways," will deal with experiences in his recent long- 
trip abroad. Mr. Bryan's popularity is so great 
that he would crowd a house whenever he speaks, 
even if he were less talented than he is. As a part 
of the proceeds of all Mr. Bryan's lectures goes to 
some charity, it has been decided that the News- 
boys' Home shall be the favored institution on this 
visit to Los Angeles. 

Coming Attractions 

Miss Carroll McComas, the California whistler, 
and opera singer, will be heard in concert before she 
returns to her company which is touring in the 
East. Miss McComas, who has been on the stage 
for six years, has made a wide reputation by her 
varied talents. 

Wenzel Kopta the Bohemian violinist, assisted by 
Heinrich Von Stein, pianist, has arranged a fine 
program for Thursday evening February 7, at 
Simpson Auditorium. 

It is seldom that two such clever artists as Otie 
Chew, violinist, and Peje Storck, pianist, are heard 
on the same evening in concert. Miss Chew is a 
most finished player and her work in Los Angeles 
has won most sincere praise. For the first time 
in this city she will give a complete programme 
which will include several novelties. Among the 
numbers will be Saint-Saen's selection, "Caprice 
Andalous." The first public presentation of this 
number in America. Mr. Storck is again at his 
best and delightful numbers for the piano are 
promised. Miss Chew will leave for the North for 

a tour of the British Columbia immediately after 
the concert which i> to be given at Simpson Audi- 
torium Februarj 1. 

* * * 
Is no Cause for Damages 

Professor William Jackson tells in his "Persia. 
Past and Present," some stories illustrating charac- 
ter in the land of t >mar Khayyam. One is of a man 
who. suffering from inflamed eyes, went to a horse 
di ictor for a treatment. 

The veterinarian gave him some of the salve that 
he used on animals and the man lost his eyesight. 
He then brought suit in court to recover damages. 

The judge, after weighing the evidence in thp 
case, handed down his decision as follows: "There 
are no damages to be recovered. The man would 
never have gone to a veterinarian if he hand not 
been an ass !" — Boston Herald. 

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The Pacific Outlook 

Hartmann's Temptation 
Arthur Hartmann, the much advertised violinist, 
proved to he a good-humored young man with an 
American manner that years of study in Europe 
could not disguise. If he had not worn long hair 
and an overcoat with a fur collar, tourists would 
not have suspected him of being a famous violinist. 
After losing his $8,000 violin, which was stolen 
from him while he was on an overland train, Hart- 
mann went to the Hotel Glenwood for the purpose 
of recovering his equilibrium before his Los Angeles 
concert. Unfortunately no one would let him for- 
get his loss and he was continually reminded of it 
iiv the question, "Have you found your fiddle?" 
asked by sundry retired millionaires and wealthy 
old ladies wdio frequented the verandas. 

After hearing the same inane remarks fift ,r times 
Hartman declared that his mind had been turned to 
the contemplation of the theft so continually that 
he felt tempted to steal. The hotel clerk laughing- 
ly said, "Don't steal anything from us," and the 
violinist answered that he felt sure that he would 
before he started for Los Angeles. But evidently 
no one watched him, for when be was safe in the 
train he found a teaspoon carefully concealed in the 
pocket of his inside coat. 

* * * 
Statistics Frighten Him 

"This is the strangest place I ever visited," re- 
marked the tourist who was reading a yellow news- 
paper. "The people appear to measure everything 
except the words they speak every day. Here I 
have been reading about the inches of rainfall in 
Los Angeles and the feet of snow on the mountains. 
The hours of sunshine and the miles of wind are 
solemnly set forth. So are degrees of heat — I am 
accustomed to that — and the possibilities of frost. 
I haven't had my hotel bill yet, but if I am charged 
according to statistics, I expect I'll not have enough 
money left to enable me to buy one of those dollar- 
down-and-dollar-a-week lots that are advertised." 

* * * 

How Zaza Was Shod 

One rainy day last week a clerk in the shoe de 
.partment of a shop on Broadway was called to the 

"Please send over to the Hotel Alexandria a set 
of dog shoes," said a soft feminine voice in a tone 
of command. 

"A set of what?" inquired the clerk thinking that 
he had not heard aright. 

"Dog's shoes! Can't you understand?" 

"Oh, doll's shoes," answered the clerk, still be- 
lieving that there must be some mistake. 

"D-o-g-s shoes. Is Los Angeles so provincial 
that it is surprising when a lady inquires for dog's 
shoes?" There was irritation in the voice which ex- 
plained : "My poor little Zaza must go out for. a 
walk and I did not bring any of her shoes, as I sup- 
posed I was coming to a place where they have 
pleasant weather once in awhile. You are positive- 
ly certain that you have nothing Zaza could wear?" 

The clerk was certain and he was asked what 
could be done. The wire ceased to vibrate for a 
whole minute as no suggestion was offered. Then 
the voice said : 

"Send over two pairs of rubber gloves. I suppose 
I can cut off the thumbs and make them do by ty- 
ing them on with ribbon. Oh, and be sure to send 
violet baby ribbon. Zaza likes violet." 

Craze for Mining StocKs 

The heights to which the craze for mining stocks 
has ascended is illustrated by the fact that $1,000,- 
ooo.oco worth of new mining securities was created 
in 1906, most of it during the last nine months of 
the year. Their market value has appreciated at 
varying rates from a few per cent to several thou- 
sand per cent. Some are now quoted at more than 
twenty times their par value. It is estimated that 
$100,000,000 has been realized from Nevada gold- 
mining shares alone. The New York market ha; 
been dealing in a quarter of a million shares daily, 
on the average. In San Francisco, Salt Lake City 
and Goldfield trading has reached such enormous 
proportions that mining exchanges have been forced 
to close for days at a time to allow brokers to catch 
up with their orders. Speculatively inclined Ameri- 
cans seem to have gone crazy over the prospective 
value of "holes in the ground." Some authorities 
say that the country has seen nothing like it since 
the days of the "Mississippi Bubble," with the pos- 
sible exception of the scenes during the memorable 
year 1873. 

Two centuries ago an Englishman offered shares 
in a compairy "the nature of which will, in due sea- 
son, be revealed." He was flooded with applications 
for the stock. This episode is frequently cited by 
economists to illustrate the lengths to which a 
speculative mania will go in a boom period. 

The present craze has affected men and women in 
all stations of life. Any piece of beautifully en- 
graved paper, orinted in green and gold, appears 
to be eagerly sought — especially if the intended 
purchaser sees one chance in a thousand of making 
a few hundred per cent profit. The chances of win- 
ning at roulette are infinitely superior to those of 
winning proportionately as much in the mining 
stocks game. 

Careful investigation of the claims of 500 Nevada 
gold-mining companies has led to the statement that 
one-third have no ore prospects. 

* * * 

His Last "Words 

Rear Admiral Coghlan, commandant of the 
Brooklyn navy yard, whose reputation as a relator 
of good stories has increased each time he has 
spoken at a dinner, told a story a few nights ago 
which was given to illustrate his distaste for being 
the last speaker. 

"Having the last word," the rear admiral said, 
"reminds me of a story I heard not long ago. 

"A certain man died and a clergyman was en- 
gaged to offer a eulogy. This worthy minister pre- 
pared a sermon of exceeding length and strength, 
but just before he entered the parlor to deliver it 
he thought that it might be advisable to learn what 
the dead man's last words had been. So he turned 
to one of the weeping younger sons and asked : 

" 'Mv boy, can you tell me your' father's last 

" 'He didn't have none,' the boy replied. 'Ma 
was with him to the end.' " — New York Tribune. 

* * * 

The Other "Viewpoint 

Weary mother — "Oh, Jack, if you only knew how 
tired I get of saying 'Don't' all day long!" 

Jack (sadly) — "Well, muvver, just fink what it 
must be for me!" — Leslie's Weekly. 

The Pacific Outlook 

ig^. r-iiz ^s l^vS^^*^ 7 

Can the Auto Become Really "Popular"? 

A writer who ha* been investigating the develop- 
ment of the automobile taste and endeavoring to 
reach an answer to the question it it lias "arrived" 
as a practical substitute for the horse-drawn wagon, 
tells ns. in the Review of Reviews, that to-day there 
are over machines in use in the United 
States, of which 25,000 were new cars sold last year. 
It is safe to say that 50.000 more American auto- 
mobiles will be purchased in HJ07. Consumers will 
pay perhaps $75,000,000 for these cars. Averaging 
the capacity of the more than 100.000 cars in use in 
America this year at four passengers each, there will 
be nearly half a million people speeding- over the 
country in automobiles. In 1895 there was not a 
single factor}- in this country turning out cars for 
the'market. During the year ending June 30, 1905, 
the exports alone of American cars aggregated $2,- 

This amounts to a revolution in private trans- 
portation methods, and the mere extent of the re- 
volution is a witness to the fact that in this short 
time the automobile has become a practicable 
vehicle for the average man. The amazing growth 
of the industry in America during the past few years 
is no longer based upon a popular fad nor upon 
evanescent experiments to meet it. It it now epiite 
possible to turn out good cars in this country, and 
our manufacturers, more and more of late, have 
abandoned "freak" models, and instead of striving 
for "something new" have confined their attention 
to the superior construction of types that experience 
has proven to be serviceable. The side-entrance 
touring car, varying in solidity of construction ac- 
cording to the power to be developed, has become 
the standard to which all types are approximated. 

IJut despite the general evidence of the motor 
car's practicability, the man who has not tried it is 
still inclined to wonder what all this automobile 
business means and to ask himself if it will not cosi. 
him more in the end to try it than to stick to his 
familiar horse and wagon. In answer to this ques- 
tion the writer quoted Harry B. Haines, gives his 
own experience extending over seven years' use of 
double that number of cars in all conditions of road 
and weather, and throughout most of the states 
east of the Mississippi — and, most important of all, 
recorded in a fairly accurate account of expenses. 
He says that the prospective automobile purchaser 
must realize that even though lie Inns a runabout 
— the smallest type of motor, carrying the driver 
and one other passenger — he is not going to be abb 

to keep the ear in operation for five or ten dollar.-. 
a month. It may be possible for a man with a smal 1 
ear who motors modestly to get along with an ex- 
pense of twenty or thirty dollars a month if he has 
good luck and handles his car carefully and con- 
siderately, but the average cost of maintenance will 
be from fifty to three hundred dollars and even more 
a month. During a period of seven months, when 
he covered nearly 10,000 miles, his average operat- 
ing expense per month was $56.85. The original 
investment was $1,300, and the interest on this at 
6 per cent, for seven months is $45.50. He estimates 
that the car depreciated in value 25 per cent, from 
the original cost, making an additional charge of 
$325.00. An additional $50 for a year's liability in- 
surance made the total expense for the seven months 
$817.70. This made the cost per mile of operation, 
eight cents, or two cents a mile for each person car- 
ried. The expense met with in this car would prob- 
ably be duplicated in almost any other car of the 
runabout type, depending, of course, on the mileage 
and the kind of usage the car has. 

. Next in popularity to the runabout is the touring 
car, costing from $1,500 to $2,500. The yearly de- 
preciation in a $2,500 car would be $625. The yearly 
tire expense will vary from $200 to $500, according 
to the mileage and luck. As a happy medium it is 
safe to place it at $300. Luck in dodging broken 
glass, sharp stones, and nails always plays an im- 
portant part in tire expense. If a chauffeur were 
employed the expense would be higher, of course. 
and the total expense may be approximated as fol- 
lows: Chauffeur's wages at $25 a week, etc., $1,- 
300 ; tire expense, $300 ; gasoline for 4,000 miles of 
use, $80 ; lubricants, carbide, etc., $75 ; repairs and 
replacements of parts, $200; depreciation, $625; 
liability and fire insurance, $100; total, $2,680. 

In order to get at a really satisfactory comparison 
between the economy in the use of horses and auto- 
mobiles Mr. Haines says we must examine the 
utility of the two, and the amount of ground each 
can cover. A team of horses averaging 20 miles 
a day would be doing phenomenal work. This 
would give them a mileage annually of 7,300 miles. 
The range of an automobile would be 60 miles a day, 
or 21,900 miles a season, presuming that both were 
driven every day. This is three times the work of 
the horses, at about double the cost, still leaving 
the automobile a 3$ 1-3 per cent, margin of econ- 

Considering the man in more modest circum- 
stances, who would keep a single horse and carriage 
at a livery stable, such a man would probably go in 
for a runabout automobile costing from $650 to $1,- 
000. His car would be from 6 to 12 horsepower 
and would seat two persons. This would be a fair 
average of expense: Depreciation of $1,000 machine. 

2 4- 

The Pacific Outlook 

$250; tires, $100; gasoline, $50; supplies and in- 
cidentals, $50; repairs and adjustments, $75; stor- 
age, $150; total, $675. The chauffeur is presumably 
eliminated. In the case of the horse we will pre- 
sume that it is kept at a livery stable. Depreciation 
of horse, carriage, and harness, $110; board at livery 
stable, at $25 a month, $300; shoeing, $30; clipping, 
$3 ; veterinary, $5 ; total, $448. Here the horse wins 
again by $227, but we can safely figure the efficiency 
in miles of the car as three times as great as that 
of the horse, although it costs only about one-third 
more. With the automobile, then, a man has three 
times the opportunity to keep in touch with his 
friends, to get out in the country and enjoy nature 
and to do it safely, quickly, and comfortably, but it 
will cost him from 33 1-3 to 100 per cent more than a 
corresponding horse-drawn equipage. 

Mr. Haines gives some good advice to men of 
modest means who contemplate buying automo- 
biles. "Look for a simple car," he says, "and re- 
member that it isn't always the car that seems the 
most for the money that is really the best bargain. 
Avoid buying a lot of machinery, and consider this 
important fact, that the simpler a machine is and 
the fewer parts it has, the more desirable it is to 
own. You will never have to spend money to repair 
or replace the parts that you haven't got. 

"There is a mistaken idea among people who are 
just beginning to take an interest in automobiles 


(This car produced something of a sensation at the end of 1906 as a cheap runabout 
that was actually practicable. The design is excellent. The company making it 
xpects to turn out too a day.) 

that the car with the most horsepower is the best 
one to buy. This may and may not be true. It all 
depends on what the car is wanted for ; what sort of 
country it is to be used in, and what sort of work 
you are going to make it do. Power costs money. 
That is the keynote of the situation. If a light- 
weight car, well built, with 20 horsepower, will do 
your work, doesn't it look foolish to buy a heavier 
one of 40 horsepower for the same purpose? * 

"In a very hilly country one must have (more 
power than on level roads, and if one must [have 
speed, power is necessary. But is costs heavily in 
maintenance. \ 

"The problem is to select that car and type of ma- 
chine that contains most of ahe features desired in 
the owner's particular circumstances. He will-prcAb- 
abiy be unable to find a car that contains all of thenV 
but his careful study should be rewarded by true 
possession of a ca<- that will give the fewest disj- 
advantages and that will be a great resource oft 

pleasure, utility, and health. I say health, becaustj- 
one of the finest results of the enormous vogue oil 

the automobile is the increase in tonic, open-air 
recreation that it has brought for men,' women, and 
children. Especially as a relief from nervous strain, 
as a sleep inducer, nothing can excel the swift ride 
with the cool, tingling wind blowing in one's face." 

Is Electrical Machinery the Safest 

The electric motor, according to the editor of the 
Electrical Review, is one of the safest pieces of 
machinery in the world. Commenting on Dr. 
Josiah Strong's view that the increasing use of elec- 
tricity in machine-driving is a contributory cause 
of increased accidents, this editor writes of the 
electric motor : 

"It is compact, can be placed in the most 
inconspicuous and convenient locations, may 
be made both moisture- and fire-proof, will stand 
tremendous overloads without breaking down, can 
not explode, and in certain types will run in water, 
dust, mud, chemical fumes, and extreme heat or 
cold. If anything like decent engineering is used 
in adapting it to the work in hand, it will operate 
for long periods with little or no attention and with- 
out overheating-. 

"The electrically driven machine is the safest of 
all, provided the machine is individually operated, 
and even if it be belt-driven the hazard is no greater 
than with any other method. In fact it is less, for, 
even with group-driving, machines can be shut 
down when not in service, and there is less obstruc- 
tion to light and air than with belts and shafting 
entire. And finally, the electric wire is safer than 
the steam-pipe with its exnlosive powers, the gas- 
pipe with its inflammable contents, or the com- 
pressed-air main with its heavy pressures and pos- 
sibilities of ruDture. Of course, high-potential cir- 
cuits are dangerous if not properly installed and 
maintained, but the point is that there is an in- 
trinsic accident hazard about other means of power 
supply that is ciuite foreign to electricity." 

Another Hill-Climbing Contest 

The Pasadena-Altadena hill-climbing contest 
scheduled for A'Vashington's Birthday will be an 
event of general interest in Southern California.. 
The Altadena Improvement Association has already 
started the work of preparing the ground and get- 
ting the machinery in motion for a successful event. 
The road is said to be in good shape, in spite of the 
recent storms. It was formerly oiled only in the 
center, but the association oiled it. along the sides 
also during the summer, and their efforts have been 
well repaid. 

Ready for the Auto Show 

During the past week the show committee of the 
local Automobile Dealer's' Association has been 
busy superintending the installation of the exhibits 
for the big auto show which is to open next Monday 
in Morley's rink. The work of decorating has beer, 
finished and the big rink is exceedingly attractive. 
Thousands of electric lights have been hung in fes- 
toons from the ceiling. Individual exhibitors have 
arranged thousands of lights among - their cars — 
festooned from potted palms, used as railings, 
around the borders of signs, and in some cases made 
into special designs. The seats and partitions have 
been removed to give more space, preparations are 
being made to install a cafe in the balcony, and the 
doors have been widened. The surface of the floor 

The Pacific Outlook 

has been protected by a canvass covering having an 
area of 20,000 square feet. The railway companies 
have made a special rate for the entire week of the 
show, and it is expected that residents of neighbor- 
ing cities will avail themselves of the opportunity 
to inspect the I907 models. The Ladies' Mandolin 
t Orchestra has been secured for the entire week. The 
Royal Hawaiian Sextette and prominent instru- 
mental soloists have also been secured and various 
other features will he added from time to time 
Thursday evening will he "society night." 

The Y. M. C. A. Outlook 
1 ine of the most satisfactory features of the year's 
work of the Los Angeles Young .Men's Christian 
Association lies in its acquirement of a fund of $30,- 

000 for the purchase of an athletic field and the 
erection of the necessary huildings and the purchase 
of apparatus. The committee in charge of the un- 
dertaking consists of O. T. Johnson, E. P. Clark and 

1 Gregory Perkins, Jr. Plans for the track have been 
submitted to this committee by C. H. Price, 
physical director of the association. They con- 
template one of the largest and most complete in- 
stitutions of the kind in the country. It will require 
eleven and one-fourth acres of ground, in the shape 
of a rectangle. 800 by 600 feet in dimensions. It will 
include a baseball grounds, a track with a large 
grand stand, six tennis courts, four covered hand- 
hall courts, an outdoor gymnasium, a swimming- 
pool, a large building especially fitted out for indoor 
meets, a pavilion especially fitted out for wrestling, 
boxing anil fencing, and a lacrosse field. A large 
club house will he erected in the farther end of the 
grounds. This is intended for young men to live 
in and will be sufficiently spacious to accommodate 
a large number. They will be allowed to make their 
home there, and to enjoy advantages for athletic 
training. Regular courses of training may be taken 
by young men outside of their working hours. Be- 
sides these advantages the men will have the social 
and moral training the surroundings will give and 
the grounds will be kept up so that the place will 
have every attraction. The new track will be ready 
in time for next year's track season. 

At the recent meeting of the Southern California 
District Committee of the Athletic League of the 
Y. M. C. A. and the physical directors of gym- 
nasiums the following plan for the arrangement of 
future seasons of Y. M. C. A. athletics was adopted 
and will be put into effect immediately: Cross- 
country running — September and October; football 

October 1 to Thanksgiving Day. Football 

practice will begin in September, but the games will 
not commence until October. Indoor athletics — 
middle of November to January 1 ; basketball and 
gymnastics — January, February- and March ; track 
and field athletics — February and March; indoor 
baseball and handball — April, May and June ; tennis 
and baseball — June, July and August. It is hoped 
that the adoption of this systematized plan through- 
out the Young- Men's Christian Associations in 
Southern California will have the effect of system- 
atizing- athletics in general in all of the other groups 
and branches. The scheme will make it possible for 
the Y. M. C. A. to develop its athletics to a higher 
point of perfection than lias heretofore been at- 
tained on the Pacific Coast. The association will 
hold championship tournaments and events at the 

dose of each season in all of the sports and associa- 
tions through Southern California will he able i" 

Polo at Riverside 
In the polo tournament which opened at River- 
side January 10 to continue four days the various 
chilis participating were represented by the follow 
ing team--: Los Angeles ■ Harry Messmore, one; II. 
( i. Bundrum two: Harry Weiss, three; Tom Weiss, 
hack. Riverside; M. E, Flowers, one; Harry G. 
Pattee. two: Robt. Lee Bettner, three; and W. L. 
Roberts, hack. Santa Monica: S. Fitz Nave, one; 
\Y. I-'.. Pedley, two; M. Redmayne, three: F. D. 
Hudson, back. Santo Barbara: Dr. E. J. Bocseke, 
one; I'M. Boeseke, two; Mr. Warren, three; Mr. 
Reddington, back. The play is for the ownership 
for (me year of the Frank Mackey trophy cup, and. 
the members of the winning team will get individual 
cups made in miniature of the big trophy. 

Fencing at Pasadena 

An athletic carnival and fencing tournament was 
held in Pasadena Monday night for the benefit of 
the Academy of the Holy Names. Fencing con- 
tests were engaged in between H. W. Maloney, 
champion of the Pacific coast, and H. C. Berks, for 
many years amateur champion of New York State; 
between Prof. Alberti of Los Angeles and Gladys 


T* HE POPE-WAVERLY Electric is the carriage for all the family, and 
to every member it is more than a mere machine. Its readiness, its 
ease of control, the gentle speed with which it lures you out to where the 
air is fresh and pure, and the way it adds to the sheer joy of living will 
engender an affection for your Pope-Waverly Electric that has never been 
lavished before on an inanimate object. 

B. L. BROWN, Representative 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

1126 South Main St.. 




Three Point Suspension, Unit Construction, 
Metal Disc Clutch, Shaft Drive, Three Speeds, 
Sliding Gear Transmissions. 

1211 S. Main St,. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 


The Pacific Outlook 

Wheeler; between Alberti and Berls ; and between 
Maloney and Miss Heinman. 

California Overlooked 

From figures compiled by the Auto Directories 
Company of New York, The Horseless Age gives 
the total of registered cars in this country as 140,- 
000 distributed among the States as follows: New 
York, 35,125; New Jersey, 25,507; Massachusetts, 
17,299; Pennsylvania, 13,899; Ohio, 8,000; Indiana, 
3,994; Connecticut, 3,900; Michigan, 3,473; Mary- 
land, 2,611; Wisconsin, 2,578; Iowa, 1,987; Rhode 
Island, 1,714: Minnesota, 1,700; District of Colum- 
bia, 1,579; Maine, 1,364; New Hampshire, 1,253; 
Kentucky, 1,200; Missouri, 1,200; Nebraska, 1,050; 
Delaware, 1,000; Vermont, 847; Tennessee, 734; 
South Dakota* 598; Washington, 548; Virginia, 524: 
Oregon, 355, and Florida, 268. Strangely enough 
California, which should come fifth in the list with 
over 8,500 machines, is entirely overlooked in this 

* * r * 

Getting; Ready for the Shriners 

Preparations for the conclave of the Shriners, 
which is to be held in Los Angeles next May, have 
been begun with much enthusiasm. Motley H. 
Flint has been made chairman of the executive com- 
mittee of Al Malaikah temple and George A. Fitch 
is secretary. The chairman of the sub-committees 

Reception and entertainment of Imperial council 
— Fred A. Hines. 

Exhibition drills and entertainment of visiting- 
patrol — General Robert Wankowski. 

Headquarters and bureau of information — Charles 

Incoming transportation facilities — Clarence Hay- 

Entertainment of visiting nobles and ladies — L. 
J. C. Spruance. 

Flectric railway excursions — Edward. Strasburg 

Padges and souvenirs — William D. Stephens. 

Promotion and publicity — F. J. Zeehandelaar. 

* * * 

.A Reminder of '98 
Mrs. Elwell S. Otis and Miss Louise Otis, who 
are visiting Mrs. James Rollins of Severance street, 
were guests of honor Tuesday afternoon at a tea 
given by Mrs. Rollins and Mrs. Hamilton Rollins 
at the Country Club. The hostesses were assisted 
in receiving the several hundred guests by Mes- 
dames Dvvight Whiting, Willoughby Rodman, C. 
G. Carpenter, John H. Norton, Adna R. Chaffee, 
Scott Helm, Knighton and Diele, and the Misses 
Fdith Herron, Jessie McFarland, Susie Carpenter, 
Helen Wells, Mary Clark, Gwendolyn Laughlin and 
Helen Chaffee. 

Previous to the retirement of Major-General Otis, 
^\lrs. Otis and Miss Otis were leaders in army so- 
ciety. For the last few years the}' have been living 
in Rochester. X. Y., the boyhod home of General 
Otis. It will be remembered that General Otis 
mobilized and shipped the United States troops to 
the Philippines in the spring of 1898 and that he was 
made commanding general of the United States 
Philippine forces and governor of the islands in the 
summer of the same year. Returning to the L'nited 
States in 1900, he was assigned to the command of 
the Department of the Lakes and was still at Fort 

Sheridan when he reached the age limit. In the 
Otis home in Rochester are gathered many rare 
souvenirs of travel and of army life. Mrs. Otis be- 
longs to one of the leading families of eastern 
Pennsylvania and Miss O'tis inherits talents from a 
long line of distinguished ancestors. 
* * * 
Stupid Pupils 
"Perquisites for all" seems to be the motto of the 
State Legislature. Well, the people elected the 
legislature to represent them, and the people must 
take what their representatives want to hand them. 
But the people are stupid pupils. It takes a long 
time to learri the lesson. 

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Lake City and the Train Service is Excellent. 

No Finer Train Exists than the Los Angeles Limited — 
Solid between Chicago and Los Angeles. Try it. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Honoring the "'Mother of Clubs" 

When the Friday Morning Club celebrated the 
eighty-eighth birthday anniversary of its president 
emeritus. Madame Caroline M. Severance Tuesday 
afternoon, it added another red-letter event to its 
brilliant record. Hundreds of club members paid 
tribute to the beautiful, dignified woman who sat 
in front of the stage in the auditorium of the 
Woman's Club house. Clad in a gray silk gown, with 
a lace fichu over her shoulders, which have not yet 
bent under weight of years carried lightly and buoy- 
antly, Ma. lame Severance looked as if she might 
have been in the sixties, but the big birthday cake 
prevented any mistake. It reminded all who paid 
the tribute of love and friendship that the mile-post 
marking four score and eight had been passed. 

Mrs. P.. K. Foster, president of the club, and the 
members of the executive board received with 
Madame Severance and there was a brief pro- 
gramme of speeches. Mrs. Julia P.. Harbert told 
how the motto, "In essentials, unity; in non-essen- 
tials, harmony ; in all things, charity," was sought 
by Madame Severance, the founder of the Friday 
Morning Club, and she reminded the members t'>at 
it bad been adopted later by the General Federation 
of Women's Clubs. Mrs. Lenore C. Schutze read an 
original poem, and then Madame Severance ex- 
pressed her appreciation of the recognition given 
her by the club. Every one was so engaged in 
listening to her words that they were not taken by 
any reporter, but later, in reply to a question ask- 
ing her how life seemed to her at eighty-eight, she 
wrote for the Examiner the sentiments voiced in 
her little address : 

"I can say with emphasis that the years are richer 
as they pass, in love, friendship and helpful activ- 
ities. Xot the least among these has been the 
sympathic companionship of the women of our 
clubs, wdio with our invited guests, have over- 
whelmed me with their tributes of affection and 
gratitude. Old age is surely the harvest of our 
sowing, and blessed are they wdio can reap such 
reward in upright and devoted children and noble 
friends, as is my lot. 

" 'What I have longed to be,' and was not.' com- 
forts me, since my striving towards the ideal of 
truth, justice, peace and freedom has been, they 
claim, an inspiration to many others. 

"Life is well worth living, when so many 
heroic younger souls are entering the campaign 
against the iniquities of our time, and when one is 
full in the faith that nothing will be impossible to 
one's sinceritv and valor, if only our men and 
women crusaders stand staunchly side by side." 

After the birthday cake was cut tea was served 
from several tables, and the guests lingered until 
the room began to be dark and Madame Severance, 
reminded of the time, took her departure. As she 
walked across the large room the club women. 
gathering on either side, formed an aisle through 

which she passed, receiving many last words of 
greeting and good wishes. 

Monday Musical Club 

Miss Mary Mullins. president of the Monday 
Musical Club, entertained the organization this 
week at her home, No. 2407 Juliet street. The pro- 
gramme included several numbers by William 
Piutti. who played one or two of his own composi- 
tions. Mrs. Colby sang two songs which were ac- 
companied by Mr. Colby. Mrs. Alfred Metcalf was 
heard in arias that afforded her opportunity to re- 
veal the beautiful quality of her contralto voice. 
She was accompanied by Miss Harriet James. . "A 
Mullins accompanied by Miss Geraldine Thompson 
and a violin obligato by Miss Mary Mullins. Miss 
Frida Koff, accompanied by Mrs. George Marygold. 
sang a song by Rubinstein. The programme was 
completed by two songs by Mrs. Anna Metcalf 

Mrs. Miner's Reception 

Mrs. Randolph- Miner's reception last Saturday- 
afternoon in honor of Miss Louise McFarland and 
Leo Chandler brought out a brilliant company of 
young men and young women conspicuous in the 
most exclusive social set. The beautiful house was 
artistically decorated with cut flowers and the men 
who will be members of the McFarland-Chandler 
bridal party next month assisted in entertaining the 
guests. Those who helped the hostess included 
Kingsley Macomber, Jefferson Chandler, Russell 
Taylor, Harry Van Dyke, Ed. Robertson, Kay 
Crawford, Sam Bonsall and Carlton Burke. 

A Distinguished Acquisition 

The musicale given last Saturday afternoon by 
Miss Lewis of Mohawk street in honor of Mrs. 
Jones-Simmons was one of the memorable events 
of the month. Assisted by Miss Grace Hilgen and 
Richard L. Phister, Mrs. Jones-Simmons gave a 
beautiful programme. Miss Lewis was assisted in 
receiving the guests by her aunt, Mrs. William M. 
Lewis, Miss Agnes Bethune and Miss Lucille 
Leovy. Mrs. Jones-Simmons, who was conspicuous 
in the musical world of San Francisco, has come 
to live in Los Angeles. She is a pupil of Shake- 
speare and has a voice of exquisite quality. 

Woman in Business 

Dr. V. C. Armstrong spoke on "First Aid to the 
Injured" last Tuesda-" evening before the California 
Business Women's Association. Her address was 
a straightforward, helpful talk. This organization. 
with Mrs. O. H. Burbridge as president, is growing 
rapidly. On its membership list are many of Un- 
representative women who are engaged in pro- 
fessional and commercial pursuits. In addition to 
the regular subject discussed at each meeting the 
question box supplies numerous interesting top 

The Pacific Outlook 

Briefer Notes 

The next Assembly 'dance, Tuesday evening, 
January 22, will be a bal poudre. 

B. R. Baumgardt talked on "Paris" Wednesday 
afternoon before the Cosmos Club, which meets in 
Symphony Hall, Blanchard Building. 

One of the brilliant events of the week was the 
reception given Wednesday afternoon by Mrs. 
Leonide Ducommon, No. 1347 South Grand avenue, 
in honor of her son's bride, Mrs. Emil Ducommon. 

Mrs. Eleanor Bingham of Chicago gave the first 
of a series of lectures on art at the home of Mrs. 
Joseph Banning Tuesday morning. Mrs. Bingham 
talked on Japanese art. The next lecture will be 
given at the residence of Mrs. Dwight Whiting. 

Charles Gates, son of John W. Gates, the steel 
magnate, accompanied by Mrs. Gates, James Hop- 
kins, vice president of the Diamond Match Com- 
pany, and Orson C. Wells, arrived in a private car 
last Monday. They will be at the Hotel Alexandria 
during ten days of sightseeing. 

Mrs. George W. Reed and her daughter, Miss 
Elva Reed, of Oakland have been guests at the 
Hotel Alexandria for the past week. They have 
many friends in Los Angeles and have been present 
at a number of entertainments. Miss Reed is one 
of the most popular society girls in Oakland. 

Among the entertainments planned for Miss 
Louise McFarland is a headdress dinner at which 
Mr. and Mrs. Michael J. Connell will be host and 
hostess. Count and Mrs. Jaro Von Schmidt of 
Chester Place gave a dinner for Miss McFarland 
Thursday evening and this popular girl, whose 
wedding is interesting society, was the guest of 
honor at a tea Friday afternoon at which Mrs. John 
V. Posey was hostess. Miss Florence Silent will 
entertain for her Saturday at the Country Club. 

Mrs. John C. McCoy gave the second of the series 
of informal "at homes" planned for the midwinter 
season at her home, No. 17 Bernard Park, last Sat- 
urday afternoon. Songs and stories of Dixie land 
supplied the theme for a charming programme, in 
which Mrs. Harriet S. Wright, Mrs. C. O. Stanton 
and Miss Bess Welch took part. The guests of 
honor were: Mrs. Joseph Bartlett of San Francisco, 
Mrs. Sterling Price Broughton of St. Joseph, Mo., 
Mrs. C. T. Overton of San Francisco. Mrs. Victor' 
E. Shaw, Mrs. Frank E. Walsh and Miss Margaret 

Members of the society of St. Vincent de Paul 
of St. Vincent's church are planning a newspaper 
carnival to be held in Father Meyer Hall January 
24. Twelve booths representing- newspapers of Los 
Angeles will be fitted up for the sale of fancy articles 
and the proceds will be used in charitable work. 
The following young women are interested in the 
carnival: Misses May Le Sage, Mildred Talcott, 
Teresa Clark, Clara Gerhardt, Mamie Gerhardt, 
Grace DuCasse, May Cunningham, Myrtle Talcott, 
Fowler, Brant, Geraldine Fitzgerald, Agnes Brown, 
Hortense Lindenfeldt, Marie Lindenfeldt, Anna 
Sullivan, Bertha Despars, Alice Despars, and Vic- 
toria Wise. 

* * * 
XalK of a New County 

Prominent inhabitants of San Bernardino county 
have revived the project to create a new county to 
be called Pomona county, out of portions of the 

west end of San Bernardino county, and the east 
end of Los Angeles county. Senator Broughton of 
Pomona is contemplating the introduction into the 
legislature of a bill providing for the erection of the 
new county. 


Blue or black grounds with dots the size of a pin 
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Ladies' Gowns, Millinery 
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Pasadena Branch Now Open :: Opposite Hotel Green 

Corner Raymond Avenue and Green Street 


President Board of Directors Secretary-Treasurer 


Vice-President Chairman of the Faculty of the College 

The Pacific College of Osteopathy 

Los Angeles, California 

Corner Daly Street and Mission Road. 

Founded 1896 

Classes Graduate in January and June 

Three years' Course of Study. Ten months each year. 
The Pacific College stands for the most thorough culture 
and broadest education. It asks for the closest in- 
vestigation from young men and women who wish to fit 
themselves for successful Osteopathic medical praction- 
iers. Next term opens January 29, 1907. For catalogue 
or further information address 


Chairman of the Faculty 

W. J. COOK - Secretary and Business Manager 

The Pacific Outlook 


Pioneers of 1853 Gone 

Benjamin A. Davies, who had resided practically 
all of his life in San Bernardino, died last week in 
the fifty-fourth year of liis age. He was a native 
ild Creek, Utah, and was brought to the San 
Bernardino valley by his parents when he was but 
six months old. For a number of years he was en- 
d in the trading and cattle business in Arizona. 
)\r was one of the best known and most successful 
horsemen in that part of the State. Among- the 
horses bred on his farm were Zolock,, with a record 
of 2.05J4, Ed. Winship, 2.08, Gazelle,, Exchange 
and many others. 

Mrs. John D. Hale, the Redlands pioneer who 
died last week, came to California in 1852 with her 
husband, a young minister sent out by the Congre- 
gational Home Missionary Society. They made the 
trip around the Horn and settled in Grass Valley, 
where they established the first church. They re- 
turned to Vermont in 1875, but made a second trip 
in the coast in 1881. choosing Redlands, then a sma'l 
village, as their dwelling place. Six years later Mr. 
Hale established Bellevue Academy, which flour- 
ished until the Redlands union high school super- 
seded it. Mr. Hale died in 1893. Mrs. Hale is sur- 
vived by one son, the Rev. Eldon Hale, and one 
daughter. Mrs. Henry Crafts. 

Long Beach Park Agitation 

A new petition for the creation of a park on the 
bluff along the ocean front is in the hands of the 
Long Beach public works committee, with a report 
made by a chamber of commerce committee which 
was appointed to look into the bluff parking scheme 
and investigate it thoroughly. Many of the citizens 
feel that the scheme now under consideration is a 
bad one, as it involves giving up some of the city's 
property for the use of individual owners. The 
latest plan to be suggested is that the purchase of a 
part of the bluff be brought about by means of con- 
demnation proceedings and an issue of bonds. 

Free Mail Delivery in Disfavor 

The Community League of Ocean Park has 
strongly disapproved of the attempt to secure the 
free delivery of mail for the Ocean Park postoffice, 
at least so long as present conditions obtain. The 
feeling prevails that if the matter of free delivery 
were pushed here at this time it would result in the 
consolidation of the Santa Monica, Ocean Park and 
Venice postoffices, with two simply as sub-stations. 
Not one of the three is willing to surrender either 
name or individuality. 

To Look After Consolidation 

C. N. Brundage, M. R. King, C. J. Noyes, J. P. 
Stanwood and C. P. Dodge of Ocean Park have been 
named as a committee on city and county consolida- 
tion to take up with the Los Angeles commission 
the matter of the consolidation of Ocean Park and 
contiguous territory with Los Angeles. 

Pertinent Inquiry 

Members of the Santa Monica Community League 
have accused the city trustees of extravagance bor- 

dering upon graft. Alexander Frazer, president of 

the league, says that he knows of one city trustee 
who went into office poor who now has "all kinds of 
money." He wanted 10 know wdiere the trustee 
m 'I it. 

Will Build at Redlands 

Colonel \Y. C. Greene, the Boston millionaire who 
made his vast fortune in copper, is to build a winter 
heme on The Heights adjoining the famous Smiley 
property. Colonel Green bought a tract of land con- 
taining twenty-one acres for $30,000, and it is said 
that he will put on it one of the handsomest houses 
built in Southern California. 

New Bank for Long Beach 

The Exchange National Bank of Long Beach has 
been authorized to begin business with a capital 
stock of $100,000. A. J. Wallace is president ; Mar- 
tin V. McOuigg, vice-president and William H. 
Wallace, cashier. It was chartered January 10. 

Miss Bessie Herbert Bartlett, assisted by Archi- 
bald Sessions, presented a memorable musical pro- 
gramme before the Ebell Club Monday, which was 
well chosen and delightfully sung. 



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George Pedley, Manager 30 Years Experience 

An Up-to-Date Drug Store at Pasadena. 

Cor. Euclid Jtvertue and Colorado Street 

WM. R. STAATS CO. established ibbt 

Investment Bankers and BroKers 
Real Estate, Insurance, Mortgages 
StocKs and Bonds & i^ ^ 

65 S. Raymond Ave, Pasadena 351 S. Main St., Los Angeles 

La Casa Grande Hotel 

Pasadena, California 

American Plan — $2.50 a day and upwards; $J5 
a week and upwards. Board with room in 
adjoinine cottages $12.50 a week. Table 
Board $10 a week. Send for illustrated 
pamphlet. J- & J* J* 


3° ThePacifi 

Late Coast Magazines 

The Pacific Monthly for January contains the 
first instalment of Herman Whitaker's new serial, 
"The Settler." The scene is laid in British Colum- 
bia and the opening chapters give the beginning of 
a strong story of compelling interest. Turning the 
pages the reader finds promise of a novel in which 
a pretty love story will be interwoven with the 
struggle of the settler who contends against not 
only the forces of nature but the railroad monopoly. 
The delegation "all het up with wrongs and 
whiskey" furnishes a keynote that piques curiosity. 
In a description of "The Old Emigrant Trail" Fred 
Lockley tells the story of Ezra Meeker and his ox 
team. Charles V. Barton of Los Angeles writes of 
"Intelligent Co-operation." "Slaves of the Pueblos" ' 
by Lanier Bartlett of Los Angeles throws a new 
light on the picturesque communities of New Mex- 
ico. The illustrations in this number are up to the 
standard set by leading eastern publications. 

In Sunset Magazine for January are to be found 
many features of more than ordinary interest. The 
fourth of Arthur North's articles on Lower Califor- 
nia contains history of the little-known land that ia 
of great value, since the writer is an authority on 
what he calls the "Mother of California." Charles 
Warren Stoddard concludes his delightful "Old 
Mission Idyls" and Grant Wallace contributes a 
Japanese story, "At the Feast of the Returning 
Dead," into which he has .woven actual incidents. 
There are several clever short stories. One of these 
a Chinese sketch, "The Love of Precious Darling," 
by Hughes Cornell, is worthy of special mention. 

* * * 

The Gold Producers 

Colorado retained, first place in 1906 in the produc- 
tion of gold and silver, but California, which in 1905 
occupied second place in the production of gold, 
gave way in the year just closed to Alaska. The 
gold production in the United States increased last 
year from $88,180,700 to $96,101,400, and the silver 
output remained almost stationary, the amount in 
1506 being 56,183,500 fine ounces, as against 56,- 
101,600 in 1905. 

The gold mined in the states and territories which 
are the greatest producers, according to the pre- 
liminary estimate of the director of the mint, was as 
follows for 1905 and 1906: 
State 1905 1906 

Alaska $14,925,600 $21,251,100 

Arizona 2,691,300 3,223,800 

California 19,197,100 18,633,900. 

Colorado 25,701,100 22,771,200 

Idaho 1,075,600 1,093,700 

Montana . 4,899,300 4,585,800 

Nevada 5,359,100 9,815,800 

Oregon 1,244,900 1,369,900 

South Dakota 6,913,900 ■ 6,822,700 

Utah 5,140,900 5,172,200 

* * * 

Successful Cat Show 

The second annual show of the Southern Califor- 
nia Cat Club, held at Chutes Park this week, drew 
crowds of interested men, women and children. The 
number of entries far exceeded last year's record 
and the prize winners were beautiful creatures that 
are said to be as fine as any ever shown in the East. 
Mrs. J. C. Girton, president of the club, sent several 

c Outlook 

of the handsomest cats. Her blue-eyed Angoras, 
with the famous Prince Blue Eyes in the lead, and 
her Robin Adair were much admired. Mrs. S. J. 
AVhitmore sent from her Santa Monica kennels 
Marc C, a white Angora with blue eyes, and two of 
his kittens, in addition to other aristocratic cats. 
Dr. G. H. Kreichbaum's Baby Blue proved to be one 
of the ribbon winners. Among all the cats those 
belonging to Mrs. H. A. Stearns of Pasadena were 
centers of attraction. 

There will be a second cat show next month, 
when the Los Angeles Cat Club, of which Mrs. Le- 
land Norton is president, will exhibit blooded 
beauties of every description. Mrs. Norton owns 
several cats that have won many prizes. Chief 
among these is Royal Norton, a white Angora now 
ten years old. 

* * * 

The Hands Behind the Rolls 

The New York hostess from the South passed a 
plate of delicate hot rolls to her guests at break- 

"And was it your lily-white fingers that made 
these rolls?" they asked her, admiringly. 

Before she could have time to reply a large, black 
negress opened the dining-room door and held out 
two ebony hands. ■ 

"Dese am de lily white fingahs what made dem 
rolls," she cried, exultantly. — The New York Globe. 

* * * 

May Fveg'ulate Fares 

If City Attorney Hewitt's interpretation of the 
statutes stands the State Railroad Commission may 
regulate fares on electric lines, and the Southern 
Pacific may be compelled to grant twenty-five-cent 
round trip rates to the beaches on the roads it, pro- 
poses to build. The only question that now remains 
evidently is whether the railroad commission, which 
is dominated absolutely by the railroad corporation, 
will view things as the people do. 

* *. * 

Ing'ratitude of Schmitz 

Ruef may have to spend years in prison to atone 
for his misdeeds, but black as the future historian 
may paint him, it will look white beside the page 
upon which Schmitz's betrayal of him is set down 
in truth. Yes, ingratitude is the basest feature of 
the human heart, and if it be only in part true that 
Schmitz is trying to make Ruef a scape-goat for 
the Grafters and Boodlers' League, he is the most 
infamous character that official corruption in San 
Francisco has cast upon the shores of human ob- 
servation. — San Francisco News Letter. 

* * * 

A "First Aid" Suggestion 

Mayor Harper, like President Roosevelt, is mak- 
ing himself liable to the terrible charge of being 
in advance of the times. He will ask the new City 
Council to adopt an ordinance compelling the stree. 
railways to carry stretchers or hammocks for the 
comfort of persons who may be injured as the result 
of street car accidents. The idea is certainly 
humane and for that reason is worthy of being put 
into practice. 

jMsmo mm 

Jtn Independent Weekly Review of the Southwest 

George Baker Jlnderson 


Mary Holland H^inkaid 


Howard Clark Galloupe 


Published every Saturday at 420'422<423 Chamber of Com> 
merce Building, Lot Jtngeles. California, by 

The Pacific Outlook Company. 

Subscription price S2.00 a year In advance 
cents on alt neuts stands. 

VOL. 2. 

Single copy to 

MO. 4 

The Editor of the Pacific Outlook cannot guarantee to return manuscripts, 
though he will endeavor to do so if stamps for thai purpose are inclosed with them. 
If your manuscript is valuable, keep a copy of it. 


The Pacific Outlook is mailed to subscribers through 
the Los Angeles Post office every Friday, and should be 
delivered in every part of the city by Saturday's post. If 
for any reason it should be delayed, or be delivered in 
poor condition, subscribers will confer a favor upon the 
publishers by giving them immediate notice. Telephone 
Home A 7926. 


Edward Alsworth Ross, who will be remembered 
as the professor of sociology in Leland Stanford 
University who was ousted from his chair in 1900 
because, in his classroom lectures, he persisted in 
Condemning the methods by which Leland Stanford 
made his fortune, is once more in the public eye as 
the result of a contribution to the Atlantic Monthly 
in which he argues that the tone of American moral- 
ity is in danger as the outcome of our admiration 
for, or at least half-envious contemplation of, "the 
prosperous evil-doers that bask undisturbed in 
popular favor" though seeming 
Prosperous carefully to shun the familiar types 
"Criminaloids" of wickedness. He refers particu- 
larly to the adulterator, the re- 
bater, the commercial freebooter, the fraud-promot- 
er, the humbug healer, the law-defying monopolist, 
the corrupt legislator, the corporation-owned judge, 
the venal inspector, the bought bank examiner and 
the mercenary editor, whom he designates as "crim- 
inaloids" — "such as prosper by flagitious practises 
which have not yet come under the effective ban of 
public opinion. Often, indeed," he asserts, "they 
are guilty in the eyes of the law; but since they are 
not culpable in the eves of the public and in their 
own eyes, their spiritual attitude is not that of the 

* * * 
Professor Ross has opened an avenue of thought 
that is well worth traveling for a little way. just 
for the sake of seeing something of the structures 
that adorn it. What he says is not precisely new, 
but he has put a new dress on an old idea. He has 

emphasized the acknowledged truth that unpopular 
laws are and always must remain dead letters. "The 
lawmaker may make their misdeeds crimes," he de- 
clares, "but. so long as morality stands stock-still 
in the old tracks, they escape both punishment and 
ignominy. Relentless pursuit hems in the criminals, 
narrows their range of success, denies them in- 
fluence. The criminaloids, on the other 
Criminal hand, encounter but feeble opposition 
in Spirit and, since their practices are often more 
lucrative than the authentic crimes, they 
distance their more scrupulous rivals in business 
and politics, and reap an uncommon worldly pros- 
perity." Here is a condition which has been the 
subject of much thought in recent years, but few 
writers or speakers have come out in such unequi- 
vocal terms as Professor Ross in his denunciation of 
the class he has aptly named "criminaloids." The 
newly-coined term is a most appropriate one. The 
class he describes is so closely allied to the criminal 
that it should receive scant consideration at the 
hands of scrupulous men. Its members are criminal 
in spirit, if not in the eyes of the law. 
* * * 
This term "criminaloids" is one which may well 
be applied to a large proportion, if not the majority, 
of the members of the present legislature of the 
State of California. One may read the history oi 
\merican politics from the days of Washington and 
not find conditions paralleling those surrounding 
the utterly rotten, foul, debased and debasing at- 
titude of the California legislature as it is con- 
stituted to-dav. When Assemblyman Bishop of 
Santa Ana arose the other day and denounced his 
associates as thieves, he spoke after deliberation 
and entirely within the truth. The "code graft 
which drew forth his bitter indictment of the body 
of which he is a member is by no 
Infamous means the most flagrant iniquity 
Legislature which already has made the legisla- 
ture infamous. There is a great ac- 
cumulation of evidence tending to pr.ove that, with 
here and there an exception, the dominant majority 
has sold itself, body and soul, to the atrocious cor- 
poration which, though a self-confessed criminal, 
still maintains its strangle-hold upon the state. And 
the worst feature of the whole situation, as it ap- 
pears to us. is that men who, prior to the election. 
posed as advocates of what they know to be popular 
measures, have since hypocritically buried their in- 
dividualities beneath the mire of Southern Pacific 

The Pacific Outlook 

bossism in order that they might obtain recognition 
upon committees and thus gain some, show of 
"standing" in the House. 

* * * 

The passage of the bill authorizing the purchase 
of fancy copies of the code for the private use of 
members of the legislature is just plain, ordinary, 
every-day theft — as plainly theft as if the members 
who voted for this measure had sneaked into their 
neighbors' homes and stolen treasure. That the 
members favoring the measure intended to steal 
from the people who pay the bills is plainly evi- 
denced by the fact that Assemblyman Davis's reso- 
lution making the code books the property of the 
state, "for the use of the assembly," was promptly 
hooted down. Assemblyman Grove L. Johnson, in 
arguing in favor of the steal, said that he had been 
in the House during nine different sessions and had 
always had a set of the codes given to him ! A fine 

argument, forsooth ! "Our pre- 

Weakened at a decessors have been thieves," in 

Crucial Time other words, "so why may we not 

continue to steal at pleasure?" 
Assemblyman Stanton of Los Angeles denounced 
the steal, warning his fellow-lawmakers that they 
were forging dangerously near the limit of public 
patience, but according to the Express account of 
the transaction Mr. Stanton did not vote against 
the steal. Those of the Los Angeles County dele- 
gation who did oppose it with their .votes are re- 
ported in the Express to have been Assemblymen 
Transue, Case, Pierce and Bell. Walter R. Leeds, 
who went to the legislature as the a vow ed friend 
of the people, an advocate of primary law reform 
and the enemy of Southern Pacific bossism, seems 
to have weakened at a crucial time. The votes of 
Messrs. Hammon and Thompson also are not re- 
ported as having been recorded against the iniqui- 
tous measure. 

* * * 

The utter lawlessness which characterizes the 
legislature is demonstrable in other ways. A secret 
caucus of the Republican majority decided to ad- 
here to the time-dishonored policy of allowing the 
Southern Pacific to dictate its course in all pro- 
posed legislation affecting corporate interests. This 
means the death of any measure for the extension 
of the principal of the initiative, referendum and 
recall to the state, the continuance 
Evidences of of legalized race track gambling, the 
Treachery maintenance of the worse than 
worthless railroad commission and 
the defeat of all proposed general election reforms. 
Senator Bell of Pasadena, the one member of the 
Senate who has dared to defy the wicked forces 
which have throttled the state, has been "read out 
of the party" most effectively. And other evidences 
of the baseness and treachery of individual mem- 

bers of the body that is supposed to represent the 
people multiply with every meeting of the session. 

* * * 

What an edifying spectacle do we see in the atti- 
tude of the vaunted "strong man" at £he helm of the 
noble ship of state ! Whining and cringing before 
the whip of his bosses, he "deplores" his helpless- 
ness because "his hands are tied." Tied by whom? 
Tied by the people who elected him or tied by the 
Southern Pacific and its henchmen? The people 
have not tied his hands. 'If they lie helpless under 
manacles, it is because he has permitted the South- 
ern Pacific bosses to forge the fetters 
Gillett's upon them. A strong man ! A weak- 
Weakness ling, we say! If Governor Gillett really 
desired to stand by the people and "let 
the guilty be punished," as he so loudly and drama- 
tically declared before his election, he, above all 
men, holds in his hands the power to compel obedi- 
ence to the moral law. Such a confession as he has 
made convicts him of subservience to all that is 
despicable and hateful in politics. Would to heaven 
that we had a Roosevelt, or a Folk, or a Hughes, or 
a Hagerman in the executive chair at Sacramento! 
They are Men Who Dare. Gillett has proven that 
he is a man who dares not. God save the state ! 

* * * 

Governor Gillett says his hands are tied — that he 
is helpless. Let us see. What is his authority? So 
far as legislation is concerned, he may recommend, 
approve and veto. The power of veto vested in him 
by the constitution is weapon enough. A good 
strong intimation to the grafting legislators that the 
veto-power will be freely employed by him when he 
comes to consider proposed measures affecting their 
personal interests will be all the weapon he requires 
to bring them to terms. The confession that his 
hands are tied is a confession of moral weakness. 

The power of an executive is al- 
How He May most unlimited, if he chooses to 
Become Strong exercise it. Governor Gillett could 

bring the legislature to terms 
with one snap of his fingers. Among all the graft- 
ers there is not one who cannot be "influenced" by 
executive- threat of the application of the veto power 
against future personal measures. There may be 
some who will carp at this idea as subornation, 
but under the existing circumstances we believe the 
end will fully justify the means. If the great poli- 
tical ringmaster is to ply the whip continually, the 
Governor will receive the plaudits of every lover of 
a good fight if he unleashes his own whip. But 
that he has the moral strength to do so we hardly 
dare hope. 

* * * 

For the honor of the State of California it is a 
pity that we have so few men in public life who 
measure up to the caliber of Senator Bell of Pasa- 

The Pacific Outlook 

In him we see a man who dares to stand Up 
the principles he advocated before the election, 
defying the "machine.'' even in the face of threats 
of political extinction. If Senator Bell continues to 
view the conditions which surround him from the 
standpoint of the citizen, rather than of the politi- 
cian, he will be able to accomplish vastly more for 

the benefit of the public than he 
Senator Bell's would be able to secure as chair- 
Opportunity man of half ;T dozen legislative 

committees. A tremendous field 
of opportunity lies before him — that of publicity. 
That he will be able to defeat many of the plans 
of the majority by shouting aloud all the news per- 
taining to graft and loot, by denouncing in un- 
measured terms every trick of the machine and its 
legislative employes, by daily messages to the peo- 
ple through the medium of the press, is not to be 
questioned. The people of the state have their eyes 
turned upon Bell, and if he maintain the attitude he 
has assumed he will speedily become a popular idol. 

* * * 

We wish we could say as much for the majority 
of the members of the Southern California delega- 
tion as we can say for Senator Bell. But, alas for 
human hopes, most of them, like Governor Gillett, 
stand convinced, in the estimation of the public, of 
corporation partisanship. Take Mr. Leeds, for ex- 
ample. Going before the people upon definite 
pledges of non-partisanship, from the opening of 
the legislature he has given no evidence whatever 
. of a disinclination to follow the leadership of the 
recognized bosses of the party. Mr. Leeds, too, 

had before him great possibilities. He 
Weakness is a young man, he is possessed of a 
of Leeds bright mind, he has had a clean, sound 

record up to the present time. Yet, 
when the supreme test of fearless young manhood 
is applied, he appears to have cringed before the 
party lash — to have "laid down on his job" — to have 
forgotten, like Governor Gillett, the promises made 
in the first flush of independent manhood — to have 
bowed subserviently to the will of the "machine" 
he was elected to fight, for the very evident purpose 
of gaining a miserable concession in the way of 
committee appointments and being allowed the 
privilege of being heard on the floor of the assembly. 

* * * 

Let us make a prediction, based on the presump-' 
tion that both Bell and Leeds will follow to the end 
the policies marking the beginning of their legisla- 
tive experiences this year. Bell, fighting, struggling, 
shouting out the truth so that all may hear, crowd- 
ing the grafting mob to the wall, inch by inch, will 
return to his home a popular hero, having won thou- 
sands of friends in the ranks of decent, honest, 

thoughtful men, regardless of party. Leeds, foi 

ful of the movement which swept him 
Their into office, heedless of the voice of a 
Futures wrathful constituency, blind to the great 
field of opportunity which lies directly m 
his path, will return discredited as a public repre- 
sentative of his city and county, "wearing the prison 
uniform of the party to which he adheres." "Whoso 
is heroic," said Emerson, "will always find crises to 
i; \ Ins edge." Mr. Leeds's edge has been tried and, 
unlike Mr. Bell, the Court of the People has not 
found him heroic. He still has time to redeem him- 
self. The crisis is still on. 

* * * 

The uselessness of the army of graft employes at 
Sacramento is illustrated by the fact that when the 
legislature convened one day last week it was fully 
a quarter of an hour before a sergeant-at-arms could 
be found to enforce the assembly resolution pertain- 
ing to the clearing of the floor of the House of the 
lobbyists who had overrun it like a horde of hun- 
gry rats. The clamoring of these members of the 
"third house" was so loud and so persistent that it 
was impossible for assemblymen to distinguish tKe 

words of the speaker or the remarks 
Hungry made by one another. As a matter of 
Rodents fact it is notorious that the lobbyists 

have infested the legislative halls with- 
out interference for many years. They naturally 
expected that during the present session, with ma- 
chine politics triumphant and dominant, they were 
to have as free a hand as ever. Of course it is wise 
for the solons at Sacramento to make a good bluff 
at "throwing the rascals out." It makes fine poli- 
tical capital. But late advices are to the effect that 
this class is as numerous as ever. The sergeants- - 
at-arms don't shove them any further away than is 
necessary to preserve a semblance of order. 

* * * 

The year 1906 will be memorable, not only in the 
history of America but of the whole world. It was 
a period filled with dramatic incident, though its 
most spectacular features were due chiefly. to the 
forces of nature, rather than to human activity. 
Among those incidents which stand out most promi- 
nentlv in the phenomenal workings of nature were 
the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, the destruction 
wrought by the earthquakes in California and in 
Chile, and the tremendous loss of life resulting from 

the monsoon which devastated shipping 
Progress in Hongkong harbor and vicinity. One 
in 1906 of the most noteworthy features of the 

progress of the world during the year 
was the advance made by the principle of de- 
mocracy, especially in the Old World. Some of the 
newspapers have characterized it as the "year of 
parliaments." It was marked by the birth of the 
Russian Douma, the formulation of a constitution 

The Pacific Outlook 

for Persia and great advances toward some form of 
representative government in the Chinese empire. 
The tremendous commercial strides made by the 
government of the Mikado are also worthy of being 
considered as a highly noteworthy development 
of the year. 

* 9 * 

As for our own country, probably the most strik- 
ing condition has been the amazing prosperity with 
which we have been blessed. For the first time in 
American history our total commerce with foreign 
nations exceeded three billion dollars, with six hun- 
dred million dollars excess of exports over imports. 
The federal treasury exhibited a surplus of twenty- 
five millions as compared with a deficit of eight 

millions the preceding year. An 

Growth of eminent authority, Bradstreet's, es- 

Our Wealth timates that the probable increase in 

general business, including the in- 
dustrial output and agricultural products, was 
between ten and twelve per cent above that 
of the preceding year, though 1905 was a rec6rd 
breaker. A careful study of our commercial and in- 
dustrial development has resulted in the' declara- 
tion by the New York Commercial that the wealth 
of the nation has. been increasing at the rate of 
twelve million dollars per day ! The figures are so 
vast that they well nigh surpass human comprehen- 

* * * 

In spite of the enormous immigration during the 
year the supply of labor still remains far short of the 
demand. While the farms of the nation yielded un- 
precedented crops, which under ordinary conditions 
should have been followed by lower prices, the fact 
is that consumption has increased at such a rate as 
to have maintained fairly high prices for the pro- 
ducts of agriculture. A noteworthy condition in 
the American industrial world is evidenced by. the 

fact that the manufacturing con- 
Consumption cerns have been unable to supply 
and Supply the demands made upon them, 

though they have been operated to 
their full capacity. The same conditions have pre- 
vailed in the mining industry, especially in the pro- 
duction of the useful metals, like copper and iron. 
Prices have gone higher, though the demand and 
consumption have been greater than ever before in, 
our history. The railroads, though having ex- 
pended hundreds of millions in the betterment of 
service, additional rolling-stock and increased track- 
age, have been overwhelmed by the tremendous 
volume of unanticipated business, especially on the 
transcontinental lines. 

* * * 

There is another aspect of the history of the year 
which has been a distinct disgrace to America. De- 

spite the great increase in the volume of money 
thrown upon the financial market and the extension 
of our credit, throughout the entire year there was a 
persistent stringency of the money market, due to 
the great demand upon credit and ready capital. 
But our prodigal use of credits, as a nation, is re- 
garded by some financial authorities as having been 
little short of profligacy. The Financier (New 
York) condemns this policy in the following terms : 
"If nothing better can be anticipated in the future, 
America might as well abandon for all time to come 
the idea which many of our bankers 
Financial have advanced — that some day she 
Disgrace would be, through her chief commercial 
city, the money center of the world. So 
far from having made any real progress in that . 
direction, the United States is the only nation on 
earth to-day where the spectacle of wild fluctuation 
in money rates is presented daily, where the public 
treasury is begged to come to the assistance of an 
unscientific banking system. When reform starts, 
the government should lead the way. The spectacle 
of frenzied bidding of twenty, thirty, and even fifty 
per cent for money in the chief exchange mart in 
the second largest city in the world, and the nation- 
al feeling that the prosperity of eighty-four million 
people rests at times on the arrival of a few kegs of 
gold from abroad may then give way to a more 
rational view of affairs financial." 
* * * 
A review of the financial situation, of the tremen- 
dous flexibility of the money market, of the un- 
precedented employment of money for the purchase 
of the highest-priced commodities of life and the 
increasing use of luxuries among all classes except 
the proletarian leads to the inevitable conclusion 
that Americans, as a people, have inaugurated an 
era of the grossest extravagance. All the signs of 
the times combine to point in the same direction. 
The only question which remains is that affecting 
the outcome of all this prodigality of resource, 
which has now become almost criminal in its bar- 
baric wildness. Whither are we 
Era of drifting? Who can answer the 

Extravagance question? Is history soon to re- 
peat itself? Is the present era of 
"unexampled prosperity" about to be followed by a 
financial panic which will shake the country to its 
very foundations? Or have we become so opulent, 
so vulgarly rich, that we can "throw mpney to the 
dogs" and still have left plenty to burn? One great 
financial authority prophesies that a tremendous 
panic, a crisis without parallel, is approaching; an- 
other tells us that such an event is not to be appre- 
hended. But with history to illuminate us in our 
study of the question, we may well afford to counsel 
prudence, and thus be on the safe side. It is better 
to be safe than to be sorry. 

The Pacific Outlook 

Who will be the next President of the United 
["hat he will be the nominee of the Re 
publican party appears to be a foregone conclusion. 
While "the people" have little or nothing to saj in 
Washington, where a Vice-Presidenl and a Speaker 
and half a dozen chairmen of congressional com- 
mittees, under the subtle direction of vested inter- 
operate through the now generally recognized 
pevine" circuit, the plain voters still have left 
lo them the power to call two of their own kind be- 
fore the great American Oyer and Terminer, a 
popular court from whose decision there 
The Next can be no appeal. President Roose- 
President velt's positive pronouncement against 
another term has not stilled the voices 
of the multitude, for he undoubtedly is the most 
popular Chief Magistrate the American people ever 
had. There is a widespread clamor for more 
of him: hut those who are inclined to take him at 
his word — which means those who know him best 
— have accepted what they regard as the inevitable 
and are analyzing the remaining possibilities. It 
may he just as well for the Roosevelt partisans to 
accept the President's decision gracefully, for he 
will not become a candidate nor accept a renomina- 
tion. Those who think that popular demand, how- 
ever overwhelming its chaarcter, will force him to 
recede from his position, do not understand the 

* * ♦ 

With Roosevelt eliminated — who? Taft, among 
all remaining' Republican availabilities, probably 
occupies the warmest spot in popular affections. 
The American people stand ready to receive, with 
open hearts, such statesmanship as that exhibited 
by this almost idolized citizen. He is not only an 
able man, but one of the most tactful in public life. 
Unlike most of the leaders of his party, he is prac- 
tically the only man of great prominence in its 
councils whose relations with the great mass of 
voters are almost perfectly harmonious. The most 
potential force working in his favor 
Cabinet as a candidate is his recognized con- 
Possibility currence in those general principles 
which actuated Roosevelt in his digres- 
sion from some of the time-honored traditions of the 
dominant national party. It is this fact more than 
any other, we believe, which has endeared him to 
the masses of the people who know him through 
public print only. Tt must be very cheering to Mr. 
Tail that many of the influential Democratic news- 
papers of the country express the view that he 
would lie a "safe" executive. Possibly their atti- 
tude is due to the fact that, though a professed Re- 
publican, he has embraced some of the advanced 
view- of the Democratic party. 
* * * 

( die thing that should help Mr. Taft is the opposi- 
tion of the corrupt Foraker-Dick machine in his 

own -i.ite. which will exert all its power to -end an 

anti-Taft delegation from Ohio to the Republican 

convention of [908. Another tiling that should 
prove helpful, from the popular viewpoint, is the 
proposal of the discredited Il.uma organization to 
induce the negro delegates of the South to east 
their votes for an anti-administration candidate. 
The third combination against him lies in the "spe- 
cial interests." the "stand-patters." who hold up their 

hands in holy horror at Mr. Taft's 

Will it be liberal tariff views, and the corporation 

Taft? elements, inside and outside of the 

party, who hate and distrust both 
Roosevelt and Taft. On the whole it were better 
for either man to trust in the people who pin their 
faith to him rather than in that element in the Re- 
publican party which the democracy of America 
has learned to abhor. For every Foraker, and Dick, 
and Odell, and Aldrich who is a politicial enemy, 
Mr. Taft will find a hundred or a thousand Messrs. 
Plain Citizen who will support him on account of 
his well-known democratic views. The American 
people have proven that they love "straight talk" 
and despise quibblers. And Taft, like Roosevelt, 
talks straight. 

* * * 

People will never be satisfied until they secure 
a thorough reformation of methods of railroad 
operation and the general adoption, by all roads, of 
better devices for the protection of life and limb. 
The appalling statistics of railroad accidents in the 
year 1906, with the added records of disaster in the 
first half of the present month, are conclusive evi- 
dence that there is something radically wrong and 
therefore intolerable in the entire system of rail- 
road management. In the face of all the so-called 
precautions which the railroad companies say they 
have adopted, there has been a steady increase in 
the number of fatal collisions. Unless 
Railroad the responsible authorities take the situ- 
Murders ation in hand at once and inaugurate re- 
form measures of the most practicable 
nature possible, public opinion will soon overwhelm 
Congress and compel it to place the control of these 
monstrous dealers of suffering and death in the hands 
of the nation. The increasing number of accidents 
is getting on people's nerves. We all travel, more 
or less, and none of us can tell wdien his turn will 
come. Public ownership of railroads is not so far 
a cry as it was a score of years since, or even last 
year. Another vear like 1906 and there will be ten 
advocates of this principle where there is now one. 

* * * 

Interest in the relations between America and 
Tapan has almost overshadowed the troubles which 
threaten Russia from the direction of the Island Em- 
pire. The entire Russian press is alarmed over the 

The Pacific Outlook 

prospect of the Japanese progress toward Siberia 
and the possibilities of an offensive and defensive 
alliance between Japan and China. Fears are ex- 
pressed that the former country, and perhaps a 
coalition of the two, intends to renew the invasion 
of the vast territory to the west now forming a part 
of the great Muscovite realm. One of the imperial 

organs at. Moscow believes that 

Japan and Japan is developing some of the 

Russia Again vices characteristic of suddenly 

emancipated slaves and is demand- 
ing too much. "Japan," says this paper with an un- 
pronounceable name, "has made recently such arro- 
gant demands as Russia can not accept without los- 
ing prestige and forfeiting the last vestige of respect 
from other powers." The Russian fear that Japan 
is seeking territorial aggrandizement at the expense 
of her old enemy may be taken as an augury of the 
maintenance of friendly relations between the gov- 
ernment of the Mikado and America. Japan is not 
intending to reach out for trouble'with Russia and 
the United States at the same hour. 

* >r * 

One of the humorous incidents in connection 
with the "off again, on again, gone again" gas "ser- 
vice" which has proven such an infliction to the 
long-suffering and now thoroughly angry public 
was the exceedingly narrow escape from asphyxia- 
tion which one of the employes of the gas trust had 
a few days ago. By a hair's breadth the man es- 
caped with his life. When the gas trust gets down 
to killing off its own employes the outlook becomes 
filled with gruesome humor. Perhaps the full seri- 
ousness of the situation will not come 
Gruesome home to the trust until some of the offi- 
Humor cials "higher up" get a taste of the in- 
ferno they have been dealing out in 
allopathic doses to a helpless people. Arid yet, 
maybe the owners of the rattletrap gas outfit don't 
burn gas. Who knows? This would be a really 
interesting subject for investigation. And if they 
do not, why not? The Gas Consumers' Association 
recently organized would make a ten-strike by em- 
ploying a local Hawkshaw to discover what chances 
the gas trust owners have been taking with their 
own output. 

* * * 

The present agitation of the Japanese question 
will be followed by at least one good result — the 
inhabitants of the remainder of the United States 
will learn more of the true popular sentiment on the 
question in this state than they have ever before 
• known. Those who have confined their reading to 
the published oratorical efforts of anti-Asiatic poli- 
ticians in and out of Congress will soon have placed 
before them an array of facts included in an argu- 

ment in favor of modification of the Geary exclusion 
act presented in the form of petitions 
Petitioning to Congress from the Christian church 
Congress congregations of Southern California 
and from the citrus fruit growers 
whose crops are threatened for lack of laborers in 
orchards. This movement had its inception last 
October at the convention of Congregational 
churches at Claremont, when a committee consist- 
ing of the Rev. W. S. Forbes, Judge Curtis D. Wil- 
bur, the Rev. C. P. Dorland and George W. Mars- 
ton was appointed to draft the petition about to be 
forwarded to Congress. Since that time other or- 
ganizations have taken the matter up, with the re- 
sult that many thousands of names will be attached 
to the document. 

* * * 

Among the things asked for in this petition are 
the following: That, the Chinese exclusion laws be 
so amended that there shall be no conflict between 
them and our treaty with China; that when Chinese 
residents of the United States meet with unfair 
treatment the federal government shall exert all its 
power to devise measures for their protection ; that, 
the methods of examination at the port of entry be 
so changed that those Chinese subjects 
What is who are legally entitled to enter United 
Asked States territory may do so without un- 
necessary delay and hardships ; that any 
Chinese subject who is lawfully in this country, in- 
tending to remain here, shall be permitted to bring 
his wife and minor children here; that the rules of 
evidence be so changed that when any Chinese sub- 
ject has been in the United States for three years, or 
who produces a certificate regular on its face, the 
burden of proof that he is unlawfully here shall be 
on the United States government. 

* * * 

In arguing against the contentions of the labor 
agitators, the petitioners claim that "Chinese help 
is the scarcest and most expensive commodity on 
the American market." According to a member of 
the committee referred to, quoted in the Times, the 
head of a local Chinese employment bureau gives 
the following scale of wages paid to Chinese in Los 
Angeles : Cooks in private families, $35 to $50 per 
month ; cooks for mining camps, $50 to $60 per 
month ; vegetable farmers, $35 and upwards, in- 
cluding board and lodging; laundry workers, $14 
to $15 per week for wash men and .$10 
Cheap (?) to $12 per week for ironers. Even at 

Help this high scale it is impossible to sup- 

ply the demand. The positions which 
this class fill are occupations in which there is a 
great shortage in California. "Every year valuable 
orchards throw their fruit down on the ground to 
rot for lack of fruit pickers. Many and many a 
California rancher has been ruined financiallv be- 

The Pacific Outlook 

Id not get labor at critical periods. 

servants .tree on this coast that 

many people have had to close their houses and go 

to hotels. That Chinese servants are preferred is 
not due to their cheapness but to their infinite 

* * * 

statements are directly in accord with the 

result of investigations made by the Pacific i mtlool 
outlined in our issue of January 19. If there is an 
intelligent and honest investigator — one who 
sincerel) desires to learn the truth, not to procure 
purely political capital — let him take a trip through 
the fruit-growing bells of the state, south of the 
Tehachepi and the San Joaquin valley in particular. 
'There he will find, with possibly here and there an 
exception, that there is a remarkable uniformity of 
sentiment in favor of Chinese and Japanese labor. 

grounded on the thoroughly de- 
Fruit Growers' monstrated fact that it is impos- 
Eternal Needs sible to secure the white help that 

is necessary to care for the fruit 
crops, regardless of the willingness of the growers 
to pay the highest prevailing prices for labor. Who 
is there, among the ranks of the well-informed peo- 
pie of California, who believes for one moment that 
the labor agitators out of a job in San Francisco 
would be willing to go in a body, or individually, to 
the fruit districts of the state and seek and accept 
work — real work — at anything approximating a 
reasonable rate of remuneration? There are men. 
here and there, who seek and accept this class of 
work, but numerically their strength is hardly 
worthy of consideration. 

* * * 

It will be a good thing for the State of California 
and for the whole country if this problem of Asiatic 
labor on the Pacific coast can be threshed out to 
the end now for all time. It is very evident that a 
subservient daily press in this state — we except a 
few papers which are known to be advocates of fair 
treatment for the Asiatics in this state in accord- 
ance with out treaty obligations with Japan and 
China, regardless of their political idiosyncrasies 
when it comes to the discussion of other topics — 
has little desire to make the full truth about this 
question known. In default of honesty and courage 
in this direction from this source, it is a subjet of 

congratulation that the fruit men 
Educational themselves have joined in the educa- 
Movement tional movement recently inaugurated. 

The rest of the country wants to 
know the truth, and it should know. Unless the 
petition in question be smothered to death upon its 
receipt in Washington, there is no doubt that the 
newspaper correspondents at the capital will give 
its contents wide publicity; and this is the best 
thing that can possibly happen — best for California. 
of all sections. George \Y. Kennan is hi San Fran- 

ci-co for McClure's Magazine and Lincoln Steffens 

is in Los Vngeles for tin- American Magazine. It 

i> to be hoped that neither distinguished investi- 
m\\ leave the state until he shall have probi d 

deeply into the absorbing question with the deter- 
mination of giving the results of bis research 10 
the public through the medium of bis widely cir- 
culated periodical. 

* * * 

News that Alts. Elizabeth Gregory, fornterlv a 
San Francisco newspaper woman, has caused a sen- 
sation by declining to attend the afternoon prayer 
meetings with which the work of the Kalamazoo 
Gazette is begun each day, causes sympathy in Cali- 
fornia, even though the Middle West is shocked. 
Mrs. Gregory is church editor of the Gazette and 

therefore she should be exempt from 
Religious the devotional exercises. Surely there 
Discipline is religious discipline enough for any 

one person in the mere reading of manu- 
script sermons. The ministerial handwriting causes 
travail and chastening of the spirit and prayer meet-: 
ing before copy reading appears superfluous, unless 
with it there could be an absolute guarantee against 
emotional insanity during the preparation of the 
Monday morning page headed "Among the 

* * * 

Significant Railroad Move 

The fact that the Santa Fe is now building a lino 
westward from Wickenburg, Ariz., to connect with 
the main line at or near Bagdad, has led some who 
have been watching operations closely to conclude 
that the Spreckels railroad, projected to run east- 
ward from San Diego to some point on the Colorado 
river, is in reality a Santa Fe plan. This would 
give the Santa Fe a direct line straight into San 
Diego, and with less heavy grades than by way of 
the present line. And it would be possible to put on 
a line of Orienta' steamers from that harbor to be 
operated by the new Santa Fe-Pennsylvania system. 

It is generally believed in the East that the con- 
templated issue of $20:0,000,000 additional securities 
by the Pennsylvania system means the formation of 
a Pennsylvania trunk system from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific. From time to time in the last four 
months there have been reports that this transcon- 
tinental line would be the next forward step of the 
Pennsylvania, so in seeking a reason for the new 
issue of securities this reported plan was brought 
out again. 

* * * 

No Gas: .An Apology 

The Pacific Outlook feels that a word of apology 
is due readers for the typographical appearance of 
the issue of January 19. Those familiar with the art 
of typesetting by machinery know that gas is neces- 
sary to melt the type metal. This paper must be 
"made up" on Thursday, and — well, on Thursday 
of last week the supply of gas at the print shop w :i 
hardly sufficient to ignite a match, much less to 
melt type metal. Consequently proofs could not be 
corrected and there were serious delays all around. 
We are all at the mercy of the gas trust. 

The Pacific Outlook 


No Single Project Will Bring' Greater Benefits to tHe Southland Than All-the- 
year-round Hig'hways of Internal Commerce 

"Tell me what you eat, and I will tell you what 
you are," said a sage not long ago. "Let me see 
your roads and I will tell you the rank you occupy 
in modern civilization," he might have added. 

Nothing is a surer index of the progressive spirit 
of any community than good roads. The question 
has been threshed and re-threshed until it would 
seem that every well-informed person must have 
become convinced of the economy of scientifically 
constructed highways, rural as well as urban ; and 
yet the proud State of California, widely advertised 
for its multitude of superior advantages, is lacking 
in this one essential to the comfort and convenience 
of its people — a highway system comparable in any 
way with the remainder of its many advantages as 
a place of residence and a location for internal com- 

The agitation in favor of the scientific construc- 
tion of a system of fine rural highways has finally 
resulted in the adoption of practical initiatory meas- 
ures looking toward this end. The Pasadena Board 
of Trade, fully awake to the needs of progress along 
these lines, has named a committee to solicit public 
opinion as to the advisability of bonding the county 
in the sum of three millions of dollars for the pur- 
pose of building boulevards connecting the cities of 
Los Angeles and Pasadena with South Pasadena, 
Long Beach, Santa Monica, Ocean Park, Venice. 
Redondo Beach, San Pedro, Hollywood, Alhambra, 
San Gabriel Mission, Norwalk, Rivera, Whittier, 
Monrovia, Azusa, Glendora, Lordsburg, Pomona 
and Claremont. In its official greeting to the people 
to be benefited by the project, if consummated, the 
committee says : 

"The bond issue is not large considering the great 
good it will do and the size of our county, with total 
assessed valuation of over $305,000,000. The tax 
to provide interest and sinking fund for a twenty- 
year bond issue would be less than ninety cents per 
year on each $1,000 of taxable property. Each year 
the tax would be reduced as the bonds were paid 
off. With a first-class system of boulevards, our 
population would increase rapidly, property would 
advance in values, many new homes would be built, 
and there would be much employment for labor. 

"We would recommend that the boulevard have 
a space in the center for trees and be macadamized 
fifteen to twenty feet wide on each side with No. 1 
hard rock or crushed cobblestones, finished with 
clean sand and oil ; one side to be used for horses, 
carriages and wagons, the other side for automo- 
biles, thereby avoiding accidents." 

The economic value of good roads — roads that 
will endure for generations with the expenditure of 
a reasonable amount of care annually — has been 
demonstrated in nearly every civilized country in 
the world. Without a network of permanent ma- 
cadamized highways, Holland and Belgium would 
be unable to compete with the remainder of con- 
tinental Europe in the markets of the world. With- 
out her magnificent system of country roads, a vast 
portion of the commerce of France would be tied up 
during a considerable part of the year. Without 
her hundreds and thousands of miles of smooth 
boulevards reaching out to the smallest hamlets on 
her frontier, England would be a dreary enough 
land half the year. Without her hundreds of miles 
of hard, smooth macadam, New Jersey, for miles 
about her greatest cities, would still witness the 
hauling of half-ton loads of farm produce during 
rainy weather instead of four times that amount in 
each load carried. 

Thick muck in the highways leading to two such 
cities as Los Angeles and Pasadena during and for 
some time after every fall of rain reeks of pioneer 

It has been estimated by an eminent authority on 
this question — Consul General Mason, now sta- 
tioned at Paris but for many years occupying a 
similar post at Frankfort and Berlin, Germany — 
that scientifically constructed country highways re- 
sult in a saving of from forty to two hundred per 
cent in the expense of hauling the necessities of life 
in Germany and France, according to the density 
of the population of the districts traversed. This 
statement, in itself, should be sufficient to convince 
the rankest skeptic that the old-tashioned highway 
is a luxury. 

Fortunately for the local project, widespread in- 
terest is being manifested in it by the people of Los 
Angeles, as well as by those of Pasadena and the 
other towns to be directly benefited. There is no 
doubt whatever that a fine boulevard system would 
attract and hold a large number of visitors who now 
make the Riviera their winter home. But this is 
the least important of the reasons why Los Angeles 
county should spend three millions of dollars upon 
the undertaking. The enhancement of our com- 
mercial prestige that would follow is of paramount 
importance. There is greater economy in good 
roads the year round, almost regardless of the 
initial expense of construction, than in almost an)' 
other public service. A fine system of highways 
will facilitate trade in all its ramifications. It will 

he Pacific Outlook 

bring thi touched in more intimate rela- 

another. It will encourage the agri 
culturist and the fruit grower, stimulate them to 

•or effort, and enable them to market their ]>r> >.l- 

at a much lower price than is possible under 

an indifferent system. Instead of being a burden, 

ime short-sighted people believe, good ro 
are a great blessing and a splendid business invest 
ment — regarded ih an investment alone for am 

Let us all work with heart and hand for the suc- 
cess of the rood roads movement. 

Ante-Diluvian Road-making 
The Rev. Robert J. Burdette spoke a number of 

important truths is jest when he addressed the 
guests of the Union League club at the banquet 
last week on the subject of "Good Roads". Those 
who have tried to enjoy automqbiling recently will 
appreciate the truth of what was said concerning 
"Roadmaking" : 

"The secret of making good roads is an open one. 
To look upon a gang of farmers'under the direction 
of a roadmaster making a road or mending one al- 
ways impresses me as it does to watch a well- 
meaning and persistent woman trying to drive a 
ten penny nail into a cement wall with a banana. 
My knowledge of the methods of making country 

roads is not derived from theorists or the b 
or an) second-hand information, but ii is from i sact 
i ibservation. 

"The proper time for repairing the country roads 
is just before the rain-.. This is a time honored 
custom throughout the United States, [ts antiquity 

is s,i great that it would In- a profanation of the 
tradition to change it. I have no doubt that in the 
olden days men began working the roads just one 

month before tin- Hood that they might he bottom- 
less when the sun shone down on Ararat. It seems 
to me that I have either heard or else invented it 
myself, which is the same thing, that the last copy 
oi the Ante-Diluvian showed a picture of an ancient 
roadmaster punishing a slave for putting good, 
clean, hard gravel on a road when there was a miry 
clay hank and a swamp of alluvial deposit onlv a 
mile away from which he could have hauled good 
road material. In modern road making the alluvial 
deposit left by the storms of the preceding winter 
in the ditches on either side of the roadway is care- 
fully preserved against road mending time, and the 
embattled farmers just before the season of the 
rains with reluctant scoop heap this material up 
over the middle of the roads, through which the 
wagons will plow and the automobiles will stall, the 
result in profanity being the nth power in each 

T K 

panese Controversy 

Scarcely Short of Imbecility 

As the facts have now come to be clearly known, 
it is not easy to find language strong enough to 
characterize fitly the absurd behavior of the school 
authorities of San Francisco. They have allowed 
the merest trifle to assume such dimensions that it 
is now under serious discussion in every newspaper 
of ever civilized country of the entire world. * * 
It is evident that the San Francisco school au- 
thorities intentionally avoided the adoption of a 
common-sense rule regarding the age of children in 
primary classes, in order to seem to have a com- 
plaint against the Japanese and an excuse for shut- 
ting them out of the ordinary schools and assign- 
ing them to the so-called Oriental school, so placed 
in the burnt district that small children could not 
get to it. Xow that the facts are known there is only 
one state of mind that the country can as a whole 
properly adopt with respect to the San Francisco 
school authorities, and that is one of derision. Fool- 
ish ami fanatical labor leaders had worked up a 
strong feeling in favor of the exclusion of the Japan- 
ese. And the school board of San Francisco was 
ton cowardly to act with ordinary common sense, 
and was guilty of conduct that seems scarcely short 
of imbecility. The solution of the question was per- 

fectly simple. As a matter of course, the grown-up 
Japanese should not have been allowed for a mo- 
ment to enter the primary grades with white chil- 
dren. Equally as a matter of course, the few scat- 
tered Japanese children should have been taken care 
of, — as the teachers would have been glad to manage 
them. — without the interference of a political school 
board governed by demagogues. The young men 
who wished to learn English could have gone to 
the Oriental school or could have been taught Eng- 
lish in night classes. Happily, the great Japanese 
nation is now well aware of the friendly sentiments 
of the American people. 

Even if it were desirable to exclude Japanese 
laborers from this country as the Chinese are al- 
ready excluded, the California exclusionists have 
made such action impossible by their extreme folly, 
for they have antagonized the whole country. 
There is, of course, an interesting question for the 
courts to determine, and it might be well for the 
Government to carry its case to the final test, even 
if the San Francisco school authorities should come 
to their senses. * * With the difficulties in- 

volved in its rebuilding and with its municipal gov- 
ernment under grave charges, San Francisco has 
trouble enough without forcing a minor detail of 

The Pacific Outlook 

its school administration into false prominence as 
a national and international issue. — Review of 

if it lias the right to exclude the aliens of one single 
nation. In any case it might have been done more 
gracefully. — Dr. David Starr Jordan. 

San Francisco's Duty 

The courts must determine whether the Federal 
Government has any Constitutional right to com- 
pel a State to educate anybody, native or foreign. 
If it has no such right, it has not the power to grant 
by treaty the right to insist that the State must 
educate its emigrants. But though the. Japanese 
may not be entitled to mingle indiscriminately with 
our school children it is our duty to give their lives 
and property the protection that is guaranteed all 
our citizens, and at this time we should be careful 
to give no pretext for Federal interference in their 
behalf. While no trouble seems likely to. arise it 
is most discreditable to the people of this city that 
they justify the residents of Eastern states in be- 
lieving them to be dominated by firebrands eager 
for the embroilment of the nation. — Town Talk, 
San Francisco. 

A Local View 

As the Japanese diplomats are nearly all of them 
graduates of foreign universities, accomplished 
linguists, polished men of the world, and profound 
students of the history and laws of the country to 
which they are accredited, it is unthinkable that 
they are not familiar with the complex State and 
Federal relations of the United States. When, 
therefore, they prefer a formal diplomatic protest 
against a practice which they must know to be legal 
and constitutional, it is evident that it is preferred 
[or a purpose. That purpose is to intensify the atti- 
tude of injury assumed by Japan — an attitude as- 
suming that the island empire has been injured by 
this republic in various ways, and that therefore 
satisfaction or compensation must be extended. 
This is the way of Oriental diplomats. While they 
are excluding us from territory to which our traders 
are entitled, they obscure this issue by demanding 
from us as "rights" privileges which do not belong 
even to citizens of the United States when they are 
born with colored skins. — The Argonaut, San Fran- 

A Hoodlum Act 

No congress could pass a Japanese exclusion act 
and no president would sign one, because it would 
be a hoodlum act. There can be no exclusion act 
aimed at a gentlemanly nation, that is a nation with 
a stable government. They would resent it. The 
good will of Japan is the best asset this coast has 
and it is always a bad plan to begin a trade by hit- 
ting your customer over the head. This city pays 
for its schools and it has a right to run them as 
badly as it did fifteen years ago if it wants to. It 
may have the right to exclude all aliens, but I doubt 

Our National Impotence 

We have found it impossible to compel the pub- 
lic authorities of one of the great cities of this Union 
to pay a decent regard to the treaty obligations of 
the United States which the Constitution declares 
to be the supreme law of the land and have merely 
become more conscious of national ineptitude when 
the mayor of that city, amid the applause of an au- 
dience composed of the representatives of labor- 
unions, defied the authority of the general govern- 
ment and heaped insults on the subjects of a friend- 
ly power. — New York Journal of Commerce. 

* ¥ * 

A "Bluff" to be "Called" 

The eternal gas question apparently is no nearer 
solution than a week or a month ago. Exactly what 
line of action will be followed by the recently or- 
ganized Los Angeles Gas Consumers' Association 
is not known to us, but in whatever course that or- 
ganization pursues it should have the unqualified 
approval and co-operation of every citizen of Los 
Angeles who believes that a public service corpora- 
tion, having entered into a contract with its creator, 
the people, should be compelled to live up to the 
letter and the spirit of its obligations. 

Robert G. Loucks, who is acting as attorney for 
the association, has won spurs which equip him well 
for the fray. That he will put up a good strong 
fight, and a winning fight, few doubt. Whether the 
association is in need of additional funds to carry 
on the work we do not know, but if it does stand in 
need of finances, the demand is pretty sure to be 
well supplied. 

Aside from the investigation, which, by the way, 
is not being conducted along the lines which it was 
at first popularly supposed would be followed, the 
latest development in connection with the gas ques- 
tion is the published announcement that Dr. John 
R. Haynes and Lieutenant Randolph Miner are at 
the head of a movement for the organization of a 
new company for the manufacture of this com- 
modity. Lieutenant Miner has stated that a large 
number of well-known men of means are interested 
in the movement. Whether they will build a new 
plant or undertake to finance the People's Gas 
Company has not been decided. But under any 
circumstances the proposal of these gentlemen and 
their associates to take this proposed step for the 
welfare of the citizens of Los' Angeles will be hailed 
with delight and satisfaction by the thousands of 
gas consumers who have suffered, in utter helpless- 
ness, at the hands of the abominable trust. 

The trouble with the people of Los Angeles is 
that they have been altogether too tolerant of griev- 
ous wrongs at the hands of public utility corpora- 
tions in the past. All that is necessary to bring the 
insolent gas trust to terms is a good stiff brush with 
the public. The trust has been "putting up a good 
bluff," to use the vernacular; but the public seems 
to be determined to "call." Success to "the people !" 
May they keep their nerve up ! 

The Pacific Outlook 

' ! 


A Trip Through the Playhouses of Los Angeles by One Who Has Seen 
Best the Old and the New "Worlds Afford 


Bv Boris db 

There is perhaps no city in the world which could 
miparcd with Los Angeles From a theatrical 
standpoint. In Europe a city of its size lias con- 
siderable difficulty to support one or at most two 
is. and it would really be difficult to make a 
European believe that Los Angeles has six of the 
first clas- and as many more of the second, without 
counting those that can hardly be dignified by the 
name theater. That they really pay, especially 
of the better class, is a miracle when one con- 
siders the food that they furnish the public. 

The theater exists for education or pleasure, and 
to fulfill either condition should provide that which 
i>t does not injure mind or character nor insult 
taste or intelligence. One may question whether 
the productions of the theaters answer to the public 
demands or whether the desire to be amused makes 
us accept unthinkingly what is provided, but we 
cannot deny that our theaters have a strong in- 
fluence for good or ill, both morally and intellectu- 
ally. In numbers of theaters Los Angeles is ampl)' 
provided. How do they rank in quality? 

The Auditorium, the most pretentious, is really 
a beautiful house, but not comfortable in its seating 
accommodations, and what should be a perfect ven- 
tilation is too often more like a gale of wind. It 
mounts a kind of literature which should not only 
be condemned by the press but prohibited by the 
Board of Education as injurious to the cause of edu- 
cation. Plays like "Graustark" or "The Holy City" 
differ in subject and character but are of like literary 
value. In "Graustark," for instance" a Duke or 
a Prince has to be a scoundrel, an American: has to 
go to Europe to save a reigning princess and to fall 
in love with her, etc., etc., beings and actions of 
which no healthy mind could conceive, and giving 
an entirely false idea about the customs of a foreign 

In "The Holy City" the Bible is made a farce of, 
unintentionally of course, but from lack of a refined 
artistic instinct. Our ideals and illusions walk and 
talk with electric effect and are dragged in the dust 
and dirt, clothed with false jewels, words and ideas, 
and one could almost expect a ballet for a brilliant 
finish. And the public does not really enjoy it — 
does not know whether to laugh or cry — but it 
crowds the house ! Any one who has seen and 
known the simplicity, the reverence, the unblem- 
ished lives, the hallowed traditions of all that makes 
the Passion Play as given at Oberammergau can 
well feel that under such conditions only is such 
a play possible. 


And then we have "The Cowboy and the Lady," 
a play weak in every sense of the word, in which a 
woman Of little moral stamina is married to a man 
with none at all. She loves a cowboy, her husband 
is killed, the suspected cowboy is tried for' the mur- 
der, but is acquitted; the lady flies to his arms and 
:s presumably happy ever after. No dramatic censor 
has ever questioned the morality of "The Cowboy 
and the Lady," yet its tone is not only immoral 
but vulgar as well. One marvels that Florence 
Stone, who is really an actress of decided talent 
with a beautiful voice capable of an)' modulation, 
should be satisfied to waste her time on such litera- 
ture. Perhaps the cause may be found in her man- 
ager, whose talents are along these lines. The 
thousands of dollars that were spent to erect this 
beautiful house should have helped to raise dramatic 
standards in Los Angeles, but, so far, the sins 
against good taste that are committed there on six 
days of the week cannot be expiated even by the 
divine services held there on the seventh. 

From. the Auditorium we go to the Mason Opera 
House, which is closed often and opens it doors for 
special stars only, most of the time acceptable. It 
provides a variety to suit all tastes, from the beauty 
of Maxine Elliot, through the artistic productions 
of Olga Nethersole and the Symphony concerts, to 
a "Ham Tree," as yet to find its western public. 
The best of recent offerings has been "Sapho," 
which necessarily revives the much discussed ques- 
tion of this kind of literature. As long as the world 
lasts there probably will exist a certain type of 
intellect which cannot distinguish between subject 
and effect, a conventional morality that is not mor- 
ality at all. To such it is needless to try to point 
out the value of the pitiless lessons of a play like 
"Sapho" — the lesson of a great love and a greater 
renunciation will go for naught. To those we can 
cheerfully recommend "The Ladies and the Cow- 
boys" of the stage. 

At the Belasco we find a stock company which 
feeds the public with the same style of plays for 
years. There are "Old Heidelberg," "Why Jones or 
Smith Left Home," "The Private Secretary," etc., 
old and favorite plays of no especially high order as 
literature, but catering to a normal, healthy taste 
for clean amusement. The Morosco, whose specially- 
seems to be historical — or hysterical — plays, is simi- 
lar to the Belasco in character. "Dorothy Vernon," 
the present offering, is staged and played very well 
indeed, and if a certain finesse .is lacking at times 
the matinee girl probably does not miss it. For 


The Pacific Outlook 

instance, in the scene which should be the most 
beautiful of all (where Dorothy tells John to flirt 
with the Queen), the effect is spoilel by methods 
which are more suited to Bill or Bob or whatever 
his name may be when he flirts with Sis Hopkins. 
The Grand Opera House caters to the taste of a 
special public, made up mostly from the working- 
classes and to a very large extent of boys and girls 
between the ages of fifteen and twenty. They fill 
the house, following with interest all imaginable 
killings, assassinations and butcheries — and many 
times unimaginable ones. To many of them it 
means real Life with a capital L, well calculated to 
allure to the glorious role of hero or heroine of some 
Death Valley and to induce a contempt for hum- 
drum everyday duties. The influence of this class 
of theater is actively for bad. 

j& JZ? J. 

And now to the Orpheum for an evening — if we 
are lucky enough to get in — for the "Sold Out" 
sign seems a permanent ornament of the box office. 
We go expecting to see some thrilling acts in the 
acrobatic line, or young and pretty chansonettes 
or something really funny or witty. Occasionally 
a star of this kind loses it way down here and is 
much appreciated. But most of the time we get 
sketches and more sketches, written by .the same 
people who perform them according to their ability 
as originators and interpreters, and it is lamentably 
seldom that these sketches contain either wit or 
spirit. But, all in all, it is not a bad place to spend 
a leisure hour; one's mind and emotions can rest 
quietly, all undisturbed by the wails of Mary of 
Magdala in the fearful suspense before the poor but 
honest hero stops the maddened horses that are 
dragging the beautiful heiress to certain death ! 



New Aspect of tHe MucH-discussed Garbage Question Presented to tHe City 
Authorities — Dumping Into tHe Sea Would be Folly 

While Los Angeles rejoices exceedingly over the 
rapid increase in population which has made the 
city the wonder of the country, it suffers from grow- 
ing pains, numerous and varied. The gas shortage 
produces twinges of discomfort, the best transporta- 
tion facilities in the United States cramp home- 
going crowds every night and the garbage in- 
cineration produces a municipal headache when the 
figures representing its annual cost are studied by 
the taxpayers. 

The garbage problem has been worked on for the 
last three years with results more or less satisfac- 
tory, and, although the incinerator has been in 
operation successfully since last April, the Board 
of Public Works is-confronted by the fact that the 
cost of collection and disposal is at least $5,000 a 
month. This week the plan to gather the city's 
refuse, carry it ten miles out to sea and there cast 
it upon the water has been presented by Frederick 
J. Nicholson, real estate dealer and contractor. This 
scheme has but one recommendation — cheapness. 
It is 'valuable principally because it awakens citi- 
zens to the need of providing the best, the most 
healthful and the most economical system of dispos- 
ing of its waste material. The experiment of throw- 
ing garbage into the water has been tried in New 
York, which has been quick to utilize every possible 
means of getting rid of what is always the gravest 
menace to municipal health. Although the unload- 
ing of the refuse took place twenty miles from shore, 
there was :oon vigorous protest, for much of it 
drifted back. The distance from shore was increased 
to thirty, forty, fifty and finally sixty miles, but in- 
•/ariably there was cause for complaint. The re- 

sorts on the New Jersey coast suffered from what 
was a most serious nuisance and several of them ob- 
tained injunctions. 

It is generally conceded that incineration is the 
best method of disposing of garbage. Most of the 
large cities in Europe have adopted this system, 
which in many cases has become a source of sub- 
stantial profit. It is the opinion that Los Angeles 
has provided the right apparatus in the establish- 
ment of the big incinerator in the southeastern part 
of the city, but there are executive difficulties that 
belong especially to the Southern California metro- 
polis. The character of the garbage from Los An- 
geles differs materially from that in eastern cities. 
It is composed largely of fruit and vegetable pro- 
ducts that are exceedingly wet. There is only a 
small amount of material which is inflammable. 
Little fuel is mingled with the damp mass that goes 
into the furnaces. The greatest expense in the ag- 
gregate of $5,000 a month, however, is the cost of 
hauling. The city now has thirty-five wagons that 
cover certain routes, for the area entitled to service 
is carefully districted-, parts of it receiving visits 
from the wagon daily, while in the outlying streets 
the semi-weekly and weekly call is scheduled. An 
effort is made to insure service to as great a terri- 
tory as possible within the city limits, but it is im- 
possible to reach every neighborhood and naturally 
a small proportion of the taxpayers feel defrauded. 
When it is remembered that Los Angeles is a city 
of magnificent distances, the difficulty of making 
long hauls through streets that are not paved can 
be appreciated. There are points eight miles from 
the furnaces that must be reached and a little com- 

The Pacific Outlook 

putation reveals how much the thirty-five wagons 
find to do. 

The garbage problem, when viewed in connec- 
tion with the incinerator, dues not affeel hotels noi 

boarding houses, as all restaurants and all )> 

that sell food are compelled to dispose of garbage 
by what is called "private collection." This m 
that enterprising farmers ma\ use the refuse for 
feeding hogs, cattle and chickens. There is an ordi- 
nance forbidding these private collectors from ply- 
ing their trade in daytime, hut it is frequently 
ired. The immense bulk of this garbage which 
must be disposed of in an independent manner com- 
plicates the problem of municipal hygiene, even 
though it does not enter into the estimate of the 
expense of the incinerator. The system encourages 
the feeding of animals on swill and affords a prolific 
cause of milk contamination. The flesh of animals 
and fowls fattened on the refuse of a great city fur- 
nishes food especially adapted to the breeding of 
disease. Thus the waste material removed as a pro- 
tection of health returns in a different form to pro- 
duce sickness. 

Two furnaces are now in operation at the Los 
Angeles incinerator. Each has a capacity of one 
hundred tons a day. A temperature of about 1,200 
degrees is employed in reducing the garbage, and 
this terrific heat can be increased almost one hun- 
dred per cent. No fault is to be found with the opera- 
tion of the plant — at least that assurance is given out 
by the Board of Public Works. The expense is 
w hat is causing anxiety and encouraging the board 
to incline an ear to every proposition made with the 
promise that the $5,ooo-a-month expense account 
will be cut down. 

[t is announced that a number of contractors 
made offers for the job of disposing of the refuse at 
a cost far below that incurred under municipal man- 
agement and thus there is a chance for the members 
of the board to make practical application of their 
knowledge of arithmetic. If there is extravagance 
under the present management, the men to whom 
the city entrusts its business should be able to stop 
the leaks. If private contractors can do the work 
as well for less money then the city is at fault. If 
contractors intend to cut down expenses by supply- 
ing poorer service, then certainly they should not 
be permitted to take the work away from municipal 

Students of civic affairs point out the need of 
economy in hauling. In Berlin the garbage wagons 
ply in small districts and the wagon boxes contain- 
ing the collections of each day are slipped on the 
trucks of street cars and transported to the place of 
final disposal. This system might be successful in 
I. os Angeles, where every district is reached by 
electric railways. If several stations were estab- 
lished in various parts of the city and from them 
the loads of refuse were sent to the incinerator by rail 

there would he a great ~ , 1 \ i 1 1 1^ of tiiu iense. 

I ,os Angeles 1- destim - to b in i 1 1 use 

city and it is important that the people of todaj 

should make wise preparation for (he people of to- 
morrow. Within ten years it will increase with a , 
momentum greater than that of the last decide and 
lliis is not a time to he penny-wise and pound-fool 
ish. Probably there is little danger that tlie plan of 
casting the garbage into the sea will be considered 
seriously, hut even if it were, the beautiful towns 
built on the edge of the beaches would object so in- 
sistently that it would he impossible to experiment 
with a process which would mean wholesale con- 
tamination of the clear waters of the Pacific ocean. 
* * * 
WorK of the Y. M. C. A. 

The annual report of the secretary of the Los An- 
geles Young Men's Christian Association, D. E. 
Luther, for the year tijo6, is in itself one of the most 
powerful arguments in behalf of a generous public 
support of that institution which could have been 
devised. The facts presented to illustrate the growth 
of the association and the noble work that it is ac- 
complishing' go to prove that no other similar or- 
ganization in America enjoys broader opportunities 
for doing a good work, all things considered, than 
the Y. M. C. A. of Los Angeles. A few sentences 
in Secretary Luther's splendid report are worthy 
of preservation. He says : 

"Was it ever the privilege of any association to 
enjoy broader opportunities for reaching young men 
than the peculiar conditions of Los Angeles offer? 
Could there be a city where the needs of young men 
are greater? Our city can well be called beautiful 
and the many churches with the Godly pastors and 
laymen, are ever alert to the needs of the young 
men. But while this is true, it is also true that the 
temptations under which our young men are placed 
are legion. Were it proper to take the time it would 
be impossible for me to give you even a glimpse of 
what has come to me from ruined young men and 
broken-hearted fathers and mothers. It means thai 
no other agency can reach and help these homeless 
and many times hopeless young men, as can this' 
many-sided work. 

"The Young Men's Christian Association is not 
a social club, still it has strong social features. It is 
not a college, yet it is doing a most practical work 
on educational lines. It is not an athletic club, still 
the Young Men's Christian Associations of America 
control the clean athletic sports of the country. It 
is not a church, neither has it ever been, or is it now 
trying to take the place of the church. On the con- 
tiarv, it is an auxiliary of the church in a special 
work for young men." 

A resume of the report shows that during 1906 
no less than 706 men and boys registered in sixty- 
five different classes in the educational department. 
which had an enrollment of but eighteen less than 
a thousand. Forty-seven teachers have taught 
nearly forty different subjects and 155 class sessions 
have been held, with an attendance of 14,476. The 
fospel meetings had an attendance of 12,355. A* 
r>ese meetings Si requests for prayer were made. 
These men were all personally dealt with. Forty- 
seven men made confession of faith. The associa- 
tion wis cnlled upon by the business men of the 
citj 666 times for help, 519 men applied for posi- 
tions, and 362 men were sent to places. 


The Pacific Outlook 


Southern Californians "Will Become Arroyo Seco Enthusiasts if They Tahe 
the Time to Study the Beauties of This Famed Spot 


It is indeed a piece of good fortune that the 
women of the various organizations working- for our 
city and county beautiful have seen their way clear 
to concentrate effort this year on the Arroyo Seco. 
One wonders how many persons in Los Angeles 
and Pasadena really appreciate how much there is 
of beauty arid wonder in this long, narrow wash ex- 
tending in sweeping reaches from the city to moun- 
tain fastnesses beyond Mount Lowe. 

To those who know the project outlined for the 
preservation of the Arroyo Seco as a pleasure 
ground, it seems so easy, so feasible, if the general 
public could be made to understand and to appre- 
ciate what might be done. In the great system of 

make Carlotta boulevard a dream on those rare days 
when you wish to get away from the noise and 
crush of our terrifically progressive city. Then 
pick your way over the stones to Sycamore Grove. 
Follow the Salt Lake track till you are beyond the 
grove and through the jungle of blackberries, scrub 
.oak, elder and sycamore and then on through the 
pass between the hills at the bottom of East avenue 
Fifty-one. Here, leaving the track, follow the road 
out into the open, where you will see rising abrupt- 
ly from the meadow a high wooded hill usuallv 
called the "island." Between this "island'' and the 
east bank of the arroyo there is a magnificent forest 
of sycamores — about eighty acres of grand old trees. 

General View of the Arroyo Seco From a Residence 

beautiful drives gradually forming and spreading 
throughout Southern California, there is nothing 
yet conceived that can exceed in beauty and inter- 
est this arroyo drive. Leaving the proposed chain 
of city parks at some point between Fremont Gate 
at the reservoir, it would in time swing across the 
river to the west bank of the arroyo, following that 
west bank to Sycamore Grove along Carlotta boule- 
vard, already dedicated for that purpose. 

Go down Avenue Forty-one or Forty-three past 
the places of Mali Meacham Strobridge, E. K. Fos- 
ter and Charles F. Lummis, stand on the bridge 
crossing the stream, now swollen by the heavy 
rains, and see for yourself how rolling away a few 
boulders and planting a few more sycamores would 

The good people of Garvanza and Highland Park 
long have dreamed of this for a city park. The city 
ought to have it. Just go out to look at it, every 
man, and ask yourself if you don't think it would 
be a splendid playground for your asphalt-trained 

Beyond this eighty acres of woodland, if you are 
not too tired, hasten on under the Santa Fe bridge 
past the gas works into what the old Spaniards call 
the Arroyo Verde. You will wet your boots here. 
Perhaps you would better climb a hill at Garvanza 
and drop down into the arroyo again where San 
Pasqual avenue leaves Pasadena avenue at the west 
end of the Salt Lake bridge. It would be impossible 
to obtain for the city the many acres of sycamores 

The Pacific Outlook 


between Garvanza and South Pasadena, but several 

tracts of thirty or forty aero each could be bought 
and connected by San Pasqual avenue, or a boule- 
vard near the east hank of the army. 
At Columbia street. Pasadena, any general di 

should leave the heil of the arroyo anil follow the 
present famed Arroyo drive to Linda Vista bridge. 
This bridge is below and to the north of the west 

end street. From the drive you will 

iook across the tree-tops to the beautiful San Rafael 
hills. In places the arroyo is very narrow and wild 
and the stream in winter is a roaring torrent. To 
• this part of the arroyo, if you are interested 
enough to give the trip a second day, you would 
better take a car to the west end of California street, 
Pasadena, and then walk. But if you wish to fol- 
low the ideal drive on to the mountains, you would 

In Arroyo Seco 

better hire a saddle horse or a carriage from a Pasa- 
dena livery. 

From the west end of Colorado street find your 
way by the drinking fountain on across Linda Vista 
bridge. There is a splendid long pepper tree 
avenue through the entire Linda Vista district. In 
the afternoon, as the long shadows of the Devii's 
Gate mountains stretch across the high plateau, you 
iook beyond a wide stretch of arroyo, quite desert- 
like, up the slopes of Altadena to the blue wall of 
the Sierra Madres, and can challenge the world for 
a more beautiful play of sunset coloring. 

It is only because so few know how lovely this 
lonely waste can be that the pepper tree drive is 
not better known in Los Angeles. From Devil's 
1 rate to the mountains, you might adventure and be 

thankful that the citizens of Pasadena are alive to 
the necessity of preserving the hundreds of magni- 
ficent trees under which they camp in summer and 
of restoring by judicious planting those portions 
devastated by the ruthless woodcutter and the an- 
nual brush fires. 

If once you begin this series of outdoor jaunts, 
you will become an arroyo enthusiast. You will 
hold up the hands of the women who are striving 
to save it from the spoiler in order that you and 
your children's children and all who come to this 
delectable land may enjoy its natural beauty for- 

* * * 

Arts and Crafts 

More than a hundred members and friends of the 
Arts and Crafts Society last Monday enjoyed the 
first Bohemian night in the new quarters, on the 
third floor of the Wright and Callender building. 
Specimens of work by the members were displayed 
on the walls of the spacious room. Photographs, 
free-hand drawings, water color designs and pencil 
sketches were attractively arranged — all on the 
line, for there was plenty of space. Specimens of 
wood carving and metal work were exhibited. A 
big mission table held all the latest periodicals de- 
voted to arts and crafts and there were plenty of 
comfortable chairs that invited pleasant chats about 
work. Of course, there was more or less shop talk, 
but as the members represented many branches of 
work combining beauty and utility it touched 
numerous topics. Mrs. S. S. Frackleton, the famous 
potter of Chicago, was the guest of honor. She 
made a little speech in which she told how she 
happened to take up the vocation to which she has 
devoted many busy years. She is an advocate of 
artistic expression through the simplest mediums 
and her first piece, which is now in the Pennsyl- 
vania Academy of Design, was done with the as- 
sistance of a workman who was employed to model 
the earthen ware household utensils of commerce. 
R. Mackay Fripp, president of the Arts and Crafts 
Society, acted as host of the evening. Coffee and 
sandwiches were served and the Bohemian evening 
was a success in every way. At the next month's 
meeting exhibits will be confined to metal work and 

* * * 

Increased Copper Output 

The copper production of Arizona still leads as 
the most important factor in the mineral yield of 
that territory. Each year a new record is made in 
the amount of copper produced, and the 1906 statis- 
tics when finally compiled should show an increase 
of from 30,000,000 to 40,000.000 pounds over the 
1905 output. Had not the recent floods and lack 
of fuel interfered with the continuous operation of 
the smelters the increase would have been larger 
by probably 10,000,000 pounds. The 1905 gain over 
1904 showed an increase of some 45.000,000 pounds. 

The Pacific Outlook 

" Lady Bountiful " by Amateurs 

Pinero's charming play, "Lady Bountiful," was 
presented Monday evening at Cumnock Hall by the 
Haresfoot Dramatic Club under the direction of 
Miss Jane Butt. The club has among its members 
several players who are far above the standard of 
ordinary professionals, and the performance was 
so smooth and so well-balanced that the audience 
might easily have believed that a New York pro- 
duction somehow had been misplaced in Cumnock 
Hall. Miss Butt, who is known as an actress of 
unusual talents, proved that she is a stage manager 
of splendid ability. 

Miss Willamene Wilkes as Lady Bountiful gave 
a delightful piece of portraiture, sweet, dignified 
and convincing. Miss Wilkes has that rare gift, a 
beautiful voice, and her work shows an exquisite, 
refinement. Miss Eva Johnson and Miss May Scott 
were pretty, dainty and clever, while Miss Allie 
Hallett Taylor, Miss Erma Lane and Miss Grace 
Harman demonstrated that their natural talents had 
been well directed. Miss Susan Looney and Miss 
Pearl Humphrey were most acceptable in charac- 


terizations that were more or less exacting. Max 
Parker in the role of Sir Richard Phil-liter and Dan 
Blair as Sir Lucian Brent made the most of their 
parts. Alfred G. Wilkes doubled as Roderick Her- 
on and Pedgrift and was a tower of strength to the 
company, for he is an actor of tremendous promise 
and unusual versatility. The cast was as follows ; 
Sir Richard Philliter, Max Parker ; Sir Lucian 
Brent, Dan Blair ; Donald Heron, Raymond Free- 
man ; Roderick Heron, Alfred G. Wilkes ; John 
Veale, Leo Pierson ; Wimple, A. B. Chittenden; 
Pedgrift, Alfred G. Wilkes; Camilla Brent, Lady 
Bountiful, Miss Willamene Wilkes ; Miss Annie- 
Brent, Miss Eva Johnson ; Miss Beatrice Brent, 
Miss May Scott; Mrs. John Veale, Miss Pearl 
Humphrey; Miss Margaret Veale, Miss Allie Hal- 

lett Taylor ; Mrs. Hodnutt, Miss Susan Looney : 
Amelia, Miss Erma Lane ; Floyce, Miss Grace 

* * * 

Dr. Howard — Critic and Historian 

Among the intellectual influences of Los Angeles 
Burt Estes Howard wields a power that confers 
special distinction upon the city. Dr. Howard is 
pastor of the Church of the Unity, but, considering 
him as a literary man apart from his place as a lead- 
er of religious thought, he must be acknowledged 
as one of the big men, who will have a permanent 
place in literature. His recent monumental work, 
"The German Empire," in the preparation of which 
he labored for five years, has brought him interna- 
tional recognition and has marked him as a scholar 
of the first rank. As an orator he has the gift of 
eloquence, which illumines any subject that he dis- 
cusses, and for that reason he is able to hold an au- 
dience, even when he talks on the most abstruse 
topics. Browning's "Paracelsus" last Sunday even- 
ing was the subject of a critical review, enlighten- 
ing and profound. It ended with a reading from the 
famous poem. Boston or New York, London or 
Oxford could not offer anything better in the line 
of literary analysis than this Sunday evening lec- 
ture enjoyed by men and women who represent the 
best professional and social life of the city. 

* * * 

The Mayor and the Square Deal 

Mayor Harper has suggested to the City Council 
that it adopt an ordinance creating for the city the 
office of sealer of weights and measures and provid- 
ing adequate penalties for violating the standards 
of measurement and for the use of measures which 
do not bear the official stamp of the proposed new 
official. As it is the first ordinance whose passage 
has been requested by Mayor Harper it undoubted- 
ly will become a law. It certainly ought to. It is 
a notorious fact, and a keen . disgrace, that numer- 
ous merchants have become adept at foisting short 
weights and short measures upon a helpless public. 
The average housewife, who receives groceries and 
provisions ordered for home consumption, is com- 
pelled to take what is offered, frequently by an, un- 
scrupulous dealer, simply because she has no proper 
scales or fluid measure. in the house. A pint and a 
half of olive oil, "maple" syrup, vinegar and other 
fluid food or condiment frequently passes for a 
quart ; and in more instances than can be counted 
sugar, flour in small quantities, and other articles 
which are doled out by the pound are delivered 
"short:" A dealer who sells less than a quart for 
a quart and less than a pound for a pound is nothing 
more nor less than a thief and should be punished 
as such. For the sake of thousands of housewives 
who are being imposed upon every day in the year 
it is to be hoped that the council will take the same 
view of this proposed measure as Mayor Harper 
does and pass the ordinance at the first opportunity. 

* * * 

Danger to Motorists 

"What is the greatest danger encountered in run- 
ning an automobile?" And without hesitation the 
chauffeur answered', "The police." — Washington 

f tie Pacific Out I o o k 


Mrs. Borglum's Work 

In her picturesque studio out ;u Sierra Madre, 
Elizabeth Borglum has been working faithfully 
four .lays a week, reluctantly leaving her bungalow 
the : to meet pupils in her city studio 

in the Blanchard Building. Since her return from 
l'.aris Mrs. Borglum has made the most of her op- 
portunities to sketch the California landscapes she 
has always loved so well. She has a keen apprecia- 
tion of the special characteristics of the coast coun- 
try ami with a rare tenderness and feeling paints 
delicious glimpses of the outdoor world. 

When she first began t" work with brush and 
color this artist painted Bowers so exquisitely that 
they made her famous in the East. Then she went' 
to Paris, wdiere she studied under the hest masters 
and found success in landscape painting, for she has 
the gift of poetry and she interprets the meaning 
of the sunset and the sunrise, the coming of spring- 
time and the fading of autumn with a tenderness 
that makes a direct appeal to the heart. 

Mrs. P.orglum believes much in the power of 

for 11 to all who coi ie in contact with her. Foi this 

on she has had extraordrnar) success with, 
pupils, who find inspiration to sincere effort in ;ksi.- 
ciation with her. I verj Saturday afternoon Mrs. 
Borglum recen es \ i~iior> in her cit\ studio and two 

Sundays each month her bungalow is open to 
visiti irs. 

Distinguished Miniature Painters 
Reproductions of two of Miss Lida Price's pic- 
tures, exhibited in the Paris salons of i .,'05 and 1. 

have been printed in the Pacific Outlook. Both of 
these, "The ( iirl in White" and "The Little Milliner," 
have awakened the widest interest in the personal- 
ity of the artist, whose work reveals talent of the 
highest order and the best training. Miss Price is 
a young woman, who was born and reared in the 
.Middle West. She has passed many years in Paris, 
where she studied under the foremost painters. 
She was one of the prize winners in the Julian 
school and she won the sort of success that is dear- 
est to the conscientious student. Miss Price has 
come to Los Ang-ejes with her friends and associate, 
Miss Mary Harland, an English artist of distin- 





, n 

w ' 

- - - - - - - 

Painting bv Mrs. Elizabeth Hcmci.uM 

technique. Xo painter could be more conscientious 
than she, and she has accomplished wonders bv her 
perseverance. Now and then she likes to turn aside 
from landscapes, which reveal the larger view, to 
try her skill in studies of texture — still-life 
in which she may employ her unusual gifts in the 
handling of color. Recently she has been at work- 
on a study of California grapes that reminds art 
lovers of the picture shown in the Ruskin exhibition 
"I" 11,05. This is not like the earlier work, except 
in excellence of achievement. Foliage and fruit 
are treated with an exactness of detail quite at vari- 
ance with the artist's broader style in the handling 
of landscapes and it is a fine example of delicate 
realism. The colors are wonderfully luminous: 
there is atmosphere and beauty in this canvas. No 
one has a wider personal influence than this modest 
woman, who loves her art and imparts a reverence 

guished attainment. Miss Harland has won most 
unusual recognition as a miniature painter and has 
exhibited in the Paris salons as well as in London. 
After the Wagner exhibition the work of these 'two 
remarkable women will be exhibited in the Steckel 

Fine Arts League to Incorporate 

Members of the Fine Arts League, of which Mrs. 
W. H. Housh is chairman, held a meeting Tuesday 
at which it was decided to apply for incorporation 
papers. The league now has on •; - membership 
rolls many prominent men and w men. The board 
of directors includes: Mrs. Oliver 1". Bryant, Mrs. 
Stephen C. Hubbell, Mrs. Margaret Collier Graham, 
Mrs. Robert J. Burdette, Mrs. J. F. Cowles, Mrs. 
D. G. Stephens. Mrs. Florence C. Porter, Mrs. C. L. 
Lewis. Mrs. Charles X. Flint, Mrs. F. K. Foster, 

zo The Pacific 

Mrs. Albert M. Stephens, Mrs. Sumner P. Hunt, f 
Mrs. J. E. Stearns, Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum and 
Mrs. J. P. Spencer. 


A Vanishing Connoisseur 

Mrs. Henry Wilson Hart, widely known as a 
patron of art, has decided to relinquish her residence 
in Los Angeles. As soon as she can dispose of her 
many valuable possessions she will go to New 
York and thence to Paris, where she will make a 
new home. At the meeting of the Ruskin Art Club 
Wednesday, two of Mrs. Hart's valuable paintings.^ 
Moran's "Nearing Port" and Bogert's "Autumn 
Sunset,'' were hung on the walls of the club room, 
while her library of art books, many of her prized 
engravings and other beautiful gifts had been con- 
veyed to the organization. The two big paintings, 
however, were not presents, although they were 
acquired through Mrs. Hart's generosity and were 
the means of settling finally the question of the 
disposal of the $1,000 that she contributed to the 
club for the purpose of buying pictures for the 
permanent art gallery. Mrs. Hart, who had become 
impatient because the progress of the building 
scheme was slow, gave the club the privilege oji 
using her $1,000 and the money was spent for two 
pictures that she owned. This little business 
transaction was most fortunate for the club and it 
enabled this member, who has been so closely iden- 
tified with it, to show her liberality, for the two 
paintings were disposed of at bargain prices. The 
news of Mrs. Hart's intended departure from Cali- 
fornia has awakened interest among all the art col- 
lectors, and it is said that General H. G. Otis has 
bought a number of the treasures that have orna- 
mented the big house at Ninth street and Burling- 
ton avenue. 

Art Notes 

William Wendt will send a dozen of his pictures 
to Chicago for exhibition the first week of February. 

The San Francisco Guild of Arts and Crafts will 
give an exhibition of European posters this month. 

Jules Pages, who is again at work" in San Fran- 
cisco, is said to have a number of important com- 
missions from eastern magazines. He will make 
illustrations of the "reconstruction period," if rumor 
is correct. 

Joseph Greenbaum has made such a success of 
his life class that it now meets five days in the week. 
This class, composed of girls, has made rapid prog- 
ress and several of its members have talent of a 
high order. 

Scores of visitors were disappointed by the delay 
in the exhibition of Rob Wagner's pictures at the 
Steckel gallery. Owing to the numerous washouts 
between Santa Barbara and Los Angeles, it. was im- 
possible for Mr. Wagner to ship his pictures on 
time. They are now in place and the exhibition is 
one of the most important of the season. Mr. 
Wagner will live in Los Angeles from this time on 
and he will be a great addition to the artists' colony. 
* * * 
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have to charge by the pound.— Watsonville Regis- 

Your First Step in Los Angeles 

Should be a Visit to 

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The Pacific Outlook 

The Symphony Concerts 

Tchaikowsky's great Fourth Symphony is an am- 
bitious undertaking even for an orchestra of estab- 
lished reputation and the rendition by the Los 
Angeles society on January 18 necessarily must 
be open to criticism. To the musician the interpre- 
tation was often disappointing but the general music, 
loving public was glad to have been privileged to 
hear it all. 

Tchaikowsky wrote this symphony in 1877, during 
a period of great mental and physical depression. 
It was dedicated to Nadejda von Meek, whose sym- 
pathetic appreciation of his genius made much of 
his work possible. It was considered by him to be 
his best work, "a labor of love," as he wrote in a 
ietter to a friend. "There is not a single bar in 
this Fourth Symphony of mine which I have not 
truly felt and which is not an echo of my inmost 
spiritual life." To Nadejda von Meek alone he told 
what that life had meant to him, the inexorable 
fate, inescapable and invincible, the growing sense 
of despair, the attempt to find refuge in the life of 
dreams, the rude awakening by Fate, only to find 
that there is no haven. In the second movement 
there is the regret for vanished joys — a retrospect 
of the days when youth was strong and hopeful. 
Detached pictures flit through the third movement, 
reminiscences of the folk songs and dances of Rus- 
sia. And .in the last movement comes the cheering 
hope that life may yet be endured by entering into 
the gladness of other lives. 

Before this symphony was given to the world 
Tchaikowsky sent it to his friend Taneier for criti- 
cism. Taneier found the Andante charming, the 
Scherzo exquisite, but condemned the Trio, because 
it sounded like ballet music! To this criticism 
Tchaikowsky took exception, as Taneier did not find 
the portion mentioned instrumentally bad — only 
reminiscent of the ballet, appealing to Beethoven 
who frequently made use of such effects. 

On its first hearing in St. Petersburg and in 
Dresden the Fourth Symphony was enthusiastic- 
ally received, but its first Paris production by the 
Colonne orchestra met with only a partial success. 
The first and last movements were received with 
"icy coldness" and the public showed enthusiasm 
only for the Scherzo and portions of the Audante. 

The programmes for the following symphony 
•concerts are arranged with more of a thought to 
the ability of the orchestra, but it is difficult to 
understand the choice of soloists when we have 
among us such exceptional artists as Anton 
Wilczek, YYenzel Kopta, Otie Chew, Peje Storck, 
Harry Lott and Tom Karl — artists of whom any 
city in the country could well be proud. 

her ability, ll would hardly be just to go into detail 
.is she is doubtless not responsible for the selections. 
( In her public appearance three years ago she gave 
promise of unusual talent, it was, therefore, an 
unlooked for disappointment to find that the three 
• ears have not been years of growth but even in 
some ways of deterioration. One misses the fresh- 
ness thai was then a charm of her playing and. in 
its place finds a sentimentality and monotony en- 
tirely out of keeping with her youth. If she is 
ever to have the success in the real musical world 
that she seemed to promise, she will first have to 
get rid of many wrong ideas of interpretation, phras- 
ing and rhythm — and before long it will be too late. 


Miss Chew's Recital 
Miss Otie Chew, who will give a recital Friday 
evening, February 1, at Simpson Auditorium, is an 

On the evening of January 18 Olga Steeb, the 
young pianist, appeared in a programme much above 

Miss Otie Chew 

artist of the foremost rank. Since she came to Los 
Angeles to pass the first weeks of winter, she has 
been heard now and then in one or two compositions 
that demonstrated her technical equipment, her 
poetic temperament and her skill as an interpreter, 
but there has not been an opportunity to judge of 
her versatility and her ability to do big things. The 
programme arranged for her concert will test the 

The Pacific Outlook 

violinist's best powers and it will be of special 
interest to musicians. Miss Chew has been soloist 
twice for the Philharmonic Orchestra of Berlin and 
has played three times with the New York Philhar- 
monic Orchestra. She has been a pupil of Ysaye 
and Sauret, who have been proud to claim her as 
a worthy representative of their ability as teachers. 
The programme for the concert in which Peje 
Storck, the eminent pianist will assist, follows: 

Sonata for violin and piano, Qp. 47 (Kreutzer), 
Beethoven. Concerto for violin, A Major, Op. 45, 
C. Sinding. Sonata for violin and piano, Up. 24, 
E. Sjogren; Romanze, Dvorak; Air Pathetique, 
Frederick Stevenson; Ave Marie, Schubert-Wil- 
helmj : Caprice Andalouse, Saint-Saens. 

Mr. Storck's Recovery 

After an illness of three months Peje Storck will 
appear at Simpson's Auditorium with Otie Chew 
on' February 1. Among other members of a most 
beautiful programme Beethoven's ' "Kreutzer So- 
nata" and a sonata by Sjogren are promised. 

Mr. Storck is well known as an ensemble player, 
having been once the pianist of the Brussels String 

Peje Storck 

Quartet which is considered one of the best existing 
organizations of the kind,' and when the celebrated 
Meiniger Quartet appeared in Brussels, Mr. Storck 
was chosen as assistant. Miss Chew's appreciation 
of his work-is shown in the fact that she has post- 
poned this concert three times in order that he might 
appear on the programme. As Mr. Storck is not 
entirely well yet, he will not be heard in any solos 
and on the same account he has had to give up his 
tour in the north on which he was to have been 
assisted by Miss Chew. Should Mr. Gibbons, Mr. 
Storck's manager, undertake this tour with Miss 
Chew on account of a few settled dates with musi- 
cal clubs, he will be obliged to secure another 


"Theatre Beautiful" 


... Manager ... 

Week Commencing Monday, January 28, with Wednesday and 
Saturday Matinees 

♦♦♦TiH-Ferris Stock Company,*. 



In Victor Sardou's Historical Drama 


PHONES: Home 2367 Main 51 86 

Matinee Prices: 10 and 25 cents Evening Prices: 10, 25, 35 and 50 cents 


Friday Evening, February 1 

Farewell Appearance. The Dainty English 

In Recital 

Assisted by 

PEJE STORCK, Piasaist 

Seats on sale at Birkel Music Co., 345 S. Spring St. Prices; 
50c, 75c, fl.00, and $1.50 


Under the Direction of Hilda Gilbert 

Thursday Evening, January 3 1 st 



Will Present Four One-Act Comedies, Entitled 

''Comedy and Tragedy" "A New Year's Dream" 
"A Bad Half Hour" "Stage Struck" 

Tickets can be secured from Students and at door 
Prices 25 and 50 cents 

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Open Daily and 


The Pacific Outlook 

l i 

Miss Langham's Success 
Margaret Langham in "Ranson's Folly" at the 
Belasco Theater this week again demonstrated that 
sin- lias reached a place where she is to be counted 

imething more than possibilities. 
Since her success in "The Little Minister" she has 
had few opportunities to reveal her best talents, but 
the last two weeks have proved that she lias been 

in her art, while slu- has been 
appearing in minor parts. She has acquired tech- 
nique and she lias learned to use her emotional 
powers with a delicate sense of lighl and shade. 
\- Alary Cahill she is altogether satisfactory in a 
role rather difficult because of its Richard Harding- 
Davis qualities. Lewis Stone as Ranson is, as 
usual, up to the most exacting requirements. Miss 
Marion Berg does a clever piece of acting as .Maya 
Kelly and .Miss Marie Howe is convincing as the 
haughty wife of the colonel. 

Belasco's New Leading Woman 

Miss Lillian Albertson. the new leading woman 
at the Belasco Theater, will be introduced to the 
Los Angeles public next Monday as Dulcie in Henry 
Arthur Jones's play "The Masqueraders." Miss 
Albertson comes to the coast from Rochester, N. V.. 
where she lias been with the Baker stock company. 
She is young, pretty and talented. A native of 
Pleasanton, California, she acquired her firsL stage 
training at the Alcazar Theater, San Francisco. She 
had the leading woman's role when Liebler and 
< ompany starred Edward J. Morgan in Hall Caine's 
"The Prodigal Son" and she played in George H. ' 
Broadhurst's production of "The Coward" in Chi- 
cago last summer. 

Audiences Make Merry 

Hundreds who enjoyed long laughs at the Mason 
Opera House this week will say that Mclntyre and 
Heath in "The Ham Tree" are the most amusing 
actors seen in Los Angeles this winter, and, there- 
fore, it is superfluous to point out that the so-called 
play has neither plot nor sequence. "The Ham 
Tree' fulfills the press agent's promises and nothing 
more need be said, except that the co-stars are as 
funny as they used to be when they were in the 
minstrel business. Frederick V. Bowers contributed 
a number of popular songs, which delighted the 
audiences and many clever specialties brightened the 

At the Auditorium 

"The Cowboy and The Lady," beautifully put on 
at the Auditorum this week by the Ferris Stock- 
company, pleased the large audiences, which ac- 
cepted cheerfully the absurd study of western life 
as it appears to the eastern playwright. Miss 
Florence Stone as Mrs. Weston did much with her 
part and Mr. Ferris as Teddy North proved to be 
an ideal stage hero. The melodrama supplies plenty 
of interest and dramatic action and it is well staged. 
It was enthusiastically received by the crowds that 
have acquired the habit of attending the Auditorium 

one that e\ identl ) . Mis- 

X .111 Buren ha- a had time, so doc- Mr. Desmond. 

The play, which is I I] constructed, contains 

enough material to satisf) ever) one who wants a 
big return in quantit) for mone) expended al the 
bi ix office. 

Musical Comedy Coming 
"The Umpire," which will be at the Mason foi 

a week's engagement beginning February 4. is said 

to be a sane, amusing corned) built on an interest- 
ing plot. The music is bright and catchy and it is 
announced that the chorus, trained by Julian 
Mitchell, is composed of young women wdio can 
sing. Fred Mace is the leading comedian. 

Indian Play Tiresome 
\l the Burbank this week Sedley Brown's "A 
Navajo's Love" is played with first rite scenery 
and plenty of Indian accessories, but the drama is 

Amusement Notes 

St. Vincent's Dramatic Club will present four 
one-act plays in the Father Myer hall, next Thurs- 
day evening, under the direction of Miss Hilda 

Jacob Riis, whom President Roosevelt called the 
"most useful citizen in New York" will lecture in 
Simpson Auditorium. Friday evening, February 8 
on "The Battle of the Slums." The lecture will be 
profusely illustrated. 

Wenzel. Kopta, the Bohemian violinist, who has 
decided to remain in Los Angeles, will give a recital 
in Simpson Auditorium Thursday evening, Febru- 
ary 7, when he will be assisted by Heinrich Von 
Stein, the German pianist. 

Preparations for the Shrine Society circus are 
progressing successfully. Thirty young men, who 
are now engaged in the offices and commercial cen- 
ters of Los Angeles, will appear in the rings as 
clowns, well trained and really funny. 

B. R. Baumgardt will appear as the fourth of the 
iecturers engaged for the UJniversity course. His 
subject "Vienna and Budapest" will be illustrated 
with colored lantern slides. Mr. Baumgardt wilt 
speak Tuesday evening-, February 26, in Simpson 

Members of the Woman's Orchestra, who have 
worked for twelve years under the baton of Harley 
Hamilton will give a reception and testimonial con- 
cert to their director. There are sixty in the famous 
organization and a fine programme is promised. 
The Mason Opera House has been chosen as the 
place for the concert, but the date is not yet 




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The Pacific Outlook 

■ %to&g ^--x, — 

The Auto Show 

The first automobile show to be held on the Pa- 
cific coast was opened on the evening of January 21 
Hi Morlev's rink on Grand avenue. Mayor Harper 
manipulated the switch that caused the brilliant 
incandescent lights throughout the great building 
to Hash upon the array of what were once known 
as "horseless carriages," and in response to a popu- 
lar demand he made a brief speech. 

The automobile show is a show in more than one 
sense. While primarily intended to exhibit the prog- 
ress made in the manufacture to these now popu- 
lar vehicles and to give to the various manufac- 
turers an opportunity to acquaint the public with 
the merits of their respective machines, the exhibit ' 
is a good deal of a spectacle in other ways. At no 
time in history have so many automobiles of vari- 
ous makes been assembled in any one spot west of 
Chicago. On the opening night just one less than 
a hundred cars were on the floor. All are operated 
by gasoline except two, which were electrics. Great 
interest centered in the high-power runabouts, 
which are rapidly becoming ver_v popular among 
those who desire a moderate priced machine for 
every-day purposes. Many of the models of other 
cars were new to Los Angeles, having been turned 
out by the factories very recently. 

The value of the cars exhibited the first night 
approximated a quarter of a million of dollars, but 
as several new cars were brought into the building 
after the opening night, the total amount repre- 
sented during the show exceeded that figure. These 
were rendered almost dazzling in their beauty by 
the ten thousand electric lights festooned and 
banked throughout the rink, making the display 
decidedly spectacular. A brand-new automobile, 
fresh from the factory, is a beauty, anyway ; and 
when it is polished like a grand piano or a thou- 
sand-dollar rosewood or mahogany center-table and 
there are a hundred of them artistically arranged 
and set off to advantage by lights and floral and 
other decorations, none can gain an adequate idea 
of the attractiveness of the scene without behold- 
ing it. 

It is estimated that fully three thousand persons 
visited the show the first night, and interest has 
been kept up to the end. Many of the visitors were 
from out of town, though most of them were resi- 
dents of Los Angeles and auto enthusiasts who are 
spending the winter here. G. L. Mozelle, who has 
had charge of the decorations, is a partner in the 
concern which decorated Madison Square Garden 

for the show there a short time since. He states 
that the arrangement of the exhibits here is even 
more advantageous for the manufacturers and deal- 
ers than at the big metropolitan show. 

Two new cars made in Los Angeles were on ex- 
hibition — the Christman and the Durocar. The 
Christman, built by Charles Christman for a com- 
pany headed by H. D. Ryus, is a large, heavy ma- 
chine, constructed especially for service on the 
desert and in the rough mountain roads of the West. 
The Durocar, designed by W. L. Moreland and F. 
C. Bodine, and manufactured at the McCan Me- 
chanical Works, is a two-cylinder light touring-car, 
built for rougher work than the ordinary touring- 
car. The Pope Waverly Electric and the Maxwell 
designs likewise attracted a great deal of attention. 
The show has been a great educator and one of the 
immediate results anticipated is an increasing de- 
mand for cars which are peculiarly adapted to the 

Filter the Gasoline 

In view of the small opening through which gaso- 
line must pass on its way from the float chamber 
to the vaporizing section of a carbureter, it is im- 
portant that this opening be kept as free as possible 
from all foreign matter. An extremely small quan- 
tity is used at each suction stroke, and its flow is 
controlled by admitting it through a very contracted 
opening, especially when the .engine is running 
slowly under throttle ; therefore the flow, if not 
stopped altogether, will be unduly retarded and 
made irregular by even a very small obstruction. 
Thus the proper proportion of gasoline vapor and 
air in the explosive mixture, which is the very life 
of a gasoline engine, will be disturbed and the 
motor will either fail to develop the proper power 
or it may stop altogether. It is, therefore, of prime 
importance that all gasoline be carefully filtered 
when it is put into the tank. This is quickly and 
easily done, and there is no excuse for neglecting 
this most reasonable precaution. A little care while 
in the peace and quiet of the garage may save a. 
serious "panne" either in the city, surrounded by the 
inevitable crowd or away in the country miles from 
anywhere. Taking a clogged carbureter apart, 
cleaning it and putting it together again on the road, 
even under the most favorable circumstances is not 
an experience that any one would wish to repeat. 

One Way to Avoid Trouble 

If every driver had sufficient grasp of the con- 
structional details of his car to form a mental pic- 
ture of every part in its exact relation to everv 
other while driving and without a degree of effort 
which would necessitate taking his thoughts from 
the main task of guiding the front wheels, it is safe 

The Pacific Outlook 


v there would be fewer stripped gears, and 
fewer needless delays on the road. There are com- 
paratively few ailments which develop suddenly and 
without warning. Hence where there is trouble 
resulting from internal disorders it may be sel down 
either t<> lack of inspection or to lack of the abilit) 
to watch with a mental optic the performance ol 
every little part. 

Horse Show in March 
The third annual exhibit of the Southern Cali- 
fornia Horse Show Association will be held in Pasa- 
dena March - . 8 and o. It is expected by those in 
charge of the show that it will bring together the 
greatest number of highbred horses which has ever 

assembled in California. The prize list includes 
thirty-two classes. The exhibition will take place 
in the day time out of doors, an advantage Over the. 
eastern method of employing a rink and tan bark 
which is instantly manifest. Nothing is calculated 
ihow off a horse to worse advantage than to put 
him through his paces in-doors on a wooden or con- 
crete floor. The more highly bred the animal, the 
greater the disadvantage, as a rule. This has been 
amply demonstrated by the difference in the put- 
come of exhibits in New York and such places as 
Lexington. Ky. A new feature of the approaching 
exhibit is the addition of three classes for Califor- 
nia-bred stock, as follows : 

Class 12. heavy harness horses, pairs, California 
bred — Best pair, 15 hands or over; stallions, marcs 
or geldings ; horses alone considered. First prize. 
cup, $65; second, cash, $25; third, reserve ribbon. 

Class 13. heavy harness horse, single, California 
bred — Best stallion, mare or gelding, for all roiu.d 
heavy harness work. Long or short tail ; horse 
alone considered. First prize, 'cup, $65; second, 
cash, $25; third, reserve ribbon. 

Class 19, roadster, single, California bred — Stal- 
lion, mare or gelding, horse alone considered. First 
prize, cup, $65: second, cash, $25; third, reserve 

Basketball Champions 
The Whittier high school basketball team has 
won the championship in the Los Angeles county 
league for the third time in four years. It is said 
that the team work of Whittier has not been 
equalled in the league. This team is now to play 
the winners of the Channel league, the Citrus league 
and the Orange league, for the high school cham- 
pionship of Southern California. The following is 
the list of the teams met and defeated this season, 
with the score attached: Polytechnic, 25 to 9 ; Pasa- 
dena, 35 to 26; Glendale, 53 to 12; Hollywood, 28 to 
2, Fernando, 70 to 8; Long Beach, 2 to o; Santa 
Monica, 2 to o; Downey, 2 to o: El Monte, 25 to 14; 
San Pedro, 51 to 14; Compton, 48 to 11. The 2 to o 
games were forfeited to Whittier. 

Benefits of Association 

Motorists who are not identified with any club 
will be interested to know that under the new rules 
of the American Automobile Association a person 
taking out an individual membership- at $2 a year, 
will have his name sent to the secretary of the State 
organization in which he resides, and will get all the 
benefits of working with his own State Body, as well 
as with the national body. Every car owner should 

join the assi ■> iat v in, if for n< 1 1 ither 1 easi in that it is 
doing much for the benefit of automobilists 


Advises Against Racing 
"Don't race your motor," says Mr. I. I >. Maxwell, 
designer of the Maxwell cars. "It is one of the 
commonest and one of the most unnecessary Forms 

of abuse. The high speed to which ii is subjected 
will eventually wrack the engine. A good operator 
is one who keeps his engine at nearly a constant 
-peed. Extremes in either case should be avoided." 

May Be Starved of Oil 
( (ccasionally the apparently inexplicable weak- 
ness of one cylinder in a multicylindcr motor may 
be traceable to the fact that it is being starved of 
oil, the result being not simply a greater coefficient 
of friction between the piston and the walls than is 
normal but a decided loss of compression owing 
to the loss of the thin film which usually acts as 1 
seal between the opposite ends of the piston. 

Wanted a Speedy Machine 

"What did the judge say when he found out that 
the man ran down was the eighth your auto had 
struck?" "He wanted to buy the machine." — Den- 
ver Post. 


*T HE POPE-WAVERLY Electric is the carriage for all the family, and 
to every member it is more than a mere machine. Its readiness, its 
ease of control, the gentle speed with which it lures you out to where the 
air is fresh and pure, and the way it adds to the sheer joy of living will 
engender an affection for your Pope-Waverly Electric that has never been 
lavished before on an inanimate object. 

B. L. BROWN, Representative 

1 126 South Main St,. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 




Three Point Suspension, Unit Construction, 
Metal Disc Clutch, Shaft Drive, Three Speeds, 
Sliding Gear Transmissions. 

1211 S. Main Sc. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 


The Pacific Outlook 


Mrs. Booth at the Press Club 

Mrs. Maud Ballington Booth was the guest of the 
Southern California Women's Press Club last Mon- 
day afternoon at an informal tea given in the music 
room of the Blanchard Building. Mrs. Booth, who 
is the author of many hooks, is a member of the 
press club of Newark, N. L< and she was entertained 
as one of the guild of pc.nwomen. Mrs. Gertrude 
Adams-Fisher, also a member of the Newark club, 
introduced the distinguished visitor, who spoke elo- 
quently of her work among the prisons of the coun- 
try, ending with a strong appeal to the interest and 
sympathyof the newspaper women. In deference 
to the Volunteers of America a flag was displayed 
in the room and a bouquet of red, white and blue 
flowers decorated the table. Mrs. Abramson con- 
tributed much to the programme by singing a solo 
to which she played her own accompaniment 
After the programme there was a pleasant hour 
over the tea cups and Mrs. Booth found among the 
club members many women whom she had met in 
distant cities. Major and Mrs. Hughes, who have 
charge of the Volunteer work in Los Angeles, and 
Mrs. Cliff, known for ten years' work in the prisons 
of Chicago, also were guests of the club. 

The Bal Poudre 

The bal poudre Tuesday evening at Kramer's 
made the third assembly memorable. Matrons and 
debutantes were especially charming in the fashion 
of long ago and the dance proved to be one of the 
most picturesque given in many a season. Japan 
furnished the keynote of the decorations, in which 
wistaria and cherry blossoms were artistically 
employed. In the supper room the tables were orna- 
mented with Japanese baskets tied with pink satin 
ribbons and filled with bonbons. The following 
acted as hostesses: Mesdames Michael J. Connell, 
Alfred Solano, Earnest A. Bryant, Howard Hunting- 
ton and West Hughes. 

Mrs. W. P. Storey of Hotel Hayward gave a 
luncheon Wednesday at the Jonathan Club in honor 
of her mother, Mrs. Cliff R. Curtis of Portland. 

Captain M. M. Cloud, U. S. A., retired, has come 
to Los Angeles to live.. With his family he is oc- 
cupying the house at No. 1494 West Twenty- 
seventh street. 

Count and Mrs. Jaro von Schmidt gave an ela- 
borate dinner party Thursday evening at their 
home, No. 1 Chester Place, in honor of Miss Louise 
McFarland and Leo Chandler. 

Mrs. Henrv J. Woollacott and Miss Margaret 
Woollacott, No. 1 1 15 South Alvarado street, gave a 
whist party Tuesday afternoon in honor of Mrs. 
Emil Ducommon, one of the brides of the season. 

Mrs George J. Denis and her daughter. Miss 
Alberti Denis, will be much missed from society 
for the next few months, as their trip to Egypt and 
the Holy Land is likely to be followed by a sojourn 
in Europe. 

Mrs. Carolyn von Benzon, who has come to Los 
Angeles from San Francisco, has received cordial 
welcome from musicians as well as social leaders. 
Mrs. von Benzon is a singer whose beautifully 
trained soprano voice has been heard at several re- 
ceptions given in her honor. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. Fusenot, No. 410 Westlake 
avenue, announce the engagement of their daughter, 
Germaine, and George Fusenot. Miss Fusenot is 
one of the most talented girls in Los Angeles. She 
has a beautiful voice and has been solist for the 
Treble Clef Club a number of times. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles F. Lummis gave a dinner 
party last Sunday at their picturesque home on 
Avenue Forty-Two in honor of Mrs. S. S. Frackle- 
ton and her daughter, Miss Gladys Frackleton, of 
Chicago. The other guests were Mrs. Vosburgh 
and her daughter. Miss Lilian Vosburgh, and Miss 
Leta Horlocker. 

The legislative committee of the Woman's Parlia- 
ment has arranged a programme the proceeds of 
which will increase the fund needed for important 
work. Among those who will present clever num- 
bers on this programme are: Miss Amelia Gardner, 
Mrs. Lilian Burkhardt Goldsmith, Miss Carroll 
McComas, Mrs. Hazel Bryson Ragland, Mrs. Frank 
Bryson, Mrs. Jud Rush, Joseph Dupuy, Charles 
Bowes and Clark Bridges. 

The next concert by the Treble Clef Club will 
take place on Wednesday evening in the Gamut 
Club house. The programme will include a quar- 
tette number sung by Mrs. Carrie Stone Freeman, 
Mrs. E. H. Cooper, Mrs. Laura Packard and Mrs. 
M. J. Hutchinson. Mrs. Mary J. Schallert and 
Harry Clifford Lott will be heard in solos. The re- 
ceiving part}' will include Mesdames Fred Hooker 
Tones, G. Alexander Bobrick, Charles C. Travers, 
William J. Scholl, Marv J. Schallert, J. P. Delaney. 
J. Buckley and O. E. Schmidt. 

Elmer Harris of San Francisco, who spoke be- 
fore the Friday Morning club this week, is a young 
playwright of unusual talents. He has recently 
completed the plav on which he and Mrs. Man 
Austin have been collaborating- for many months, 
and it is said to be a drama of much power. Mr. 
Harris will go east from Los Angeles with Mrs. 
Constance Crawley's company. He expects to sail 
for furore c ome time next month. 

T>p weddino- of Miss Louise McFarland. daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Dan McFarland. and Leo 
Ch-MirlW will t-ke place February 6 in the Woman's 
Club Hous". The following will act as attendants 
nf the bride: Mrs. Sam Ha=kins, Mrs. E. Averv 
McCarthy. Airs. TefFerson "Paul Chandler. Miss 
T n«i<;e Ri-irkp Mi^s T nrille Chandler. Miss Florence 
Silent. Miss Gra<-e Melius and Mi=s Frances Coch- 
ran. TefFersnn Paid Chandler, the brideqroom's 
brother, will art a S best man. The ushers will in- 
clude f>rlto*i Burke. Kin<rslev Macomber. Kav 
Crawford. Henry Van Dvke. Sam Bonsall, Edward 
Robinson and Russell Taylor. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Work of the Humane Society 
Tin- work of the Pasadena Humane Society dur- 
ing the year n rding to the annual report of 
tin* president, J)r. Edwin L. Conger, was the most 
practical and profitable, from the standpoint of 
humane endeavor, in the history of the organization. 
Secretary Way reported that during the year the 
cases of 589 animals and seventy-one human beings 
were investigated. Of the thirty prosecutions in- 
stituted by the society, twenty-five were followed 
by conviction, and fines to the amount of $174 were 
collected. Dr. longer advocated the installation of 
a horse ambulance, citing several recent cases where 
animals had been stricken either by disease or ac- 
cident on the streets. In one or two of the cases 
treatment which was unfit to become a public spec- 
tacle was necessary. In one or two cited instances 
deaths of Horses were reported because an am- 
bulance was unavailable. Dr. De Biron made the 
statement that the majority of young horses injured 
in street accidents died owing to ill treatment re- 
ceived in absence of all facilities for humanely hand- 
ling each case. These officers were elected for 
1907: President, Dr. Conger; secretary and treas- 
urer, Miss Nina Veeder: vice presidents, S. O. 
Bowen. L. R. Macy, W. D. Madill, W. Scott Way, 
Miss Augusta Senter, Miss Mary Stewart, Miss 
Isabelle Bennett and John D. Rockefeller, for whom 
one vote was cast. 

"Seventh" Society Banquet 

The annual banquet of the Southern California 
Society of the Seventh Regiment, New York Na- 
tional Guard, will be held in Pasadena some time 
in February. Major T. N. Gibbs, U. S. A., H. E. 
Montgomery and H. H. Meday have been ap- 
pointed a committee to attend to the preliminary ar- 
rangements. This will be the first of the series of 
'proposed annual banquets, while "mess" luncheons 
will be held at comparatively frequent intervals. 

Mrs. Thomas H. Foote, No. 770 East California 
street, entertained the Smith College club at its an- 
nual luncheon last Saturday. 

One hundred of the younger social set were en- 
tertained Monday evening by Mrs. Hugus and her 
sister. Miss Marjory Bolt, who gave a charming 
dance in the Shakespeare club house 

The annual charity ball for the benefit of the 
Children's Training Society will be given at the 
Hotel 1 Ireen Tuesday evening, February 5. The 
following committee is in charge of the arrange- 
ments: Mrs. John S. Cravens, Mrs. [I. Page Mar- 
den, Mrs. A. Kingsley Macomber, Mrs. Charles 
Russell and Mrs. Edward R. Kellum. 

Deputy Sheriff Samuel Wallis has accused J. B. 
Heard with having maliciously hurled two sticks of 
dynamite into the midst of a partj of thirty men 
on the road ascending Mount Wilson the other day 

111 retaliation for the throwing of snowballs al 
Beard and his party on the part of the men as- 
saulted with the dynamite. One stick of the ex- 
plosive struck Wallis and fell into the Snow without 
doing any damage. Its explosion doubtless would 
have cost the lives of several persons, including that 
of Heard himself. 

* * * 


Wind-Cooled Fruit 

A. L. Woodill, the fruit shipper, is soon to put 
into operation a distinct innovation in packing 
house methods. He will artificially dry fruit before 
packing and shipping, says the Riverside Press. 

Mr. Woodill has come to believe that the decay 
of oranges in transit is due in part to the dampness' 
of the oranges when wrapped. 

Mr. Woodill will at once equip his packing house 

A select tourist and family Hotel. Located on the beautiful Marengo Avenue 
Boulevard and Arcadia street. Convenient to street cars, churches and parks. 
Steam heat, hot and cold running water and electric light in all rooms. Rates. 
European plan $1.00 a day and up, $5.00 per week and up: American plan 
$2.00 per day and up. 




George Pedley, Manager 

30 Years Experience 

An Up-to-Date 

Drug Store at Pasadena. 

Cor. Euclid Jive 

tue and Colorado Street 

WM. R. STAATS CO. established ibbt 

Investment BanKers and BroKers 
Peal Estate, Insurance, Mortgages 
StocKs and Bonds & ^ & 

65 S. Raymond Ave, Pasadena 351 S. Main St., Los Angeles 

La Casa Grande Hotel 

Pasadena, California 

American Plan — $2. 50 a day and upwards; $J5 
a week and upwards. Board with room in 
adjoining: cottages $12.50 a week. Table 
Board $J0 a week. Send for illustrated 
pamphlet. J* J- J* ~* 



The Pacific Outlook 

with a system of large electric fans. To make them 
more effective the fans will be placed on the "quin- 
tune" system and the boxes of oranges will be 
placed directly under them. The boxes will be 
opened out so that the strong current of air from 
the powerful fans can have free course among them. 
• Mr. Woodill promises 'that a current strong enough 
to blow a man's hat off can be generated and the 
fans can be kept in operation all night. 

In warm weather the fans will cool the fruit, and 
thus reduce the decay in summer-shipped fruit. 

Packers and shippers to whom Mr. Woodill has 
spoken of his proposed experiment are quite enthu- 
siastic over the plan, and believe that it will materi- 
ally reduce decay and thus increase values. 

Military Academy in a New Home 

A. D. Sheppard, as agent for the Pacific Improve- 
ment company of San Francisco, owners of the 
Arcadia hotel property at Santa Monica, has closed 
negotiations through the Bank of Santa Monica 
for a long term lease of the hotel building and 
grounds to the Southern California Military acad- 
emy. The academy is now quartered at the Seventh 
Street park, where, with the aid of tents, a flourish- 
ing school has been conducted. Major E. H. Baker, 
superintendent of the academy, and B. R. Baker, 
principal, were formerly connected with the Har- 
vard school of Los Angeles. 

"Cliff House" for San Pedro 

It is likely that San Pedro will have a "Cliff House" 
that will be an improvement on the famous resort 
near San Francisco. Senator Flint has introduced 
in the United States senate a bill to give the Inter- 
urban electric line the right to run its cars across 
the government reserve in the southern part of the 
city. This would enable George Peck, H. E. Hunt- 
ington and their associates to establish a hotel on 
Point Firmin. The scheme includes the throwing 
up of rocks upon which seals can be encouraged to 
congregate. Near the point are marine gardens al- 
most as beautiful as those off Catalina. 

Sierra Madre May Incorporate 

The residents of Sierra Madre will vote February 
2 on the question of incorporation as a city of the 
sixth class. The petition for the election filed with 
the Board of Supervisors showed that 865 inhabit- 
ants resided within the limits of the proposed cor- 
poration, but the committee agreed to scale the 
number down to 700, making an allowance of 165 
for tourists. 

Monrovia Progressing 

In the year 1906 more than $1,000,000 was spent 
for new homes in Monrovia, and 350 dwellings, 
varying in cost from $20,000 to $1,000, were built. 
In this connection it is significant that the city's ex- 
penditures for the year included $50,000 for oiled 
roads and $18,000 for a park. 

Millionaires at Santa Barbara 

Santa Barbara is now entertaining many million- 
aires. Chief among them are : Hobart Moore, who 
owns part of the Rock Island system and other 
large properties, John B. Inderrieden, the Chicago 
commission merchant, and Conrad Uhl, a Berlin 

Forty-niners to Organize 

San Bernardino old-timers are planning the or- 
ganization of a Forty-niner Club, to be composed 
exclusively of pioneers who come to the State in 
1849, or prior to that year. 


We invite you to inspect our display of new silks. 
You'll find a pleasing array of good silks at very 
low prices. 

Save by Trading at a Specialty House 


(From Loom to Consumer) 

219 Mercantile Place 

L. P. Hollander & Co. 


Ladies' Gowns, Millinery 
and Outfittings 

Pasadena Branch Now Open :: Opposite Hotel Green 

Corner Raymond Avenue and Green Street 


President Board of Directors 




Chairman of the Faculty of the College 

The Pacific College of Osteopathy 

Los Angeles, California 

Corner Daly Street and Mission Road. 

Founded 1896 

Classes Graduate in January and June 

•Three years' Course of Study. Ten months each year. 
The Pacific College stands for the most thorough culture 
and broadest education. It asks for the closest in- 
vestigation from young men and women who wish to fit 
themselves for successful Osteopathic medical praction- 
iers. Next term opens January 29, 1907. Por catalogue 
or further information address 


Chairman of the Faculty 

W. J. COOK - Secretary and Business Manager 

The Pacific Outlook 

Phenomenal Progress of 1906 

The report of the Merchants' and Manufacturers' 

ciation for the year 1906 contains an array of 

facts proving that the industrial and commercial 

ry of the \ear in I.os Angeles was in many 

ways unparalleled. J. M. Schneider, the president, 

said : 

"When my predecessor, Xiles Pease, in his an- 
nual report last year stated that 1905 was the ban- 
ner year in the commercial annals of Los Angeles 
we believed with him that we had then reached 
the climax, at least for some years to come ; but 
the vear 1906 has surpassed our most sanguine ex- 
pectation<. Los Angeles has grown and prospered 
in a measure unprecedented in the history of older 
cities, and lias outclassed in volume of business, in- 
crease of population and solid development many 
cities in the United States." 

Mr. Schneider believes that a conservative esti- 
mate of the increase in the retail business during 
the holiday season should be placed at forty per 
cent. The wholesale jobbing trade shows the same 
satisfactory progress, an increase of thirty per cent 
being reported. The latest careful compilation of 
the manufacturing industries places the number of 
factories of all kinds in the city at the amazing 
figure of 1,537, with 20,790 employes. The aggre- 
gate of capital invested is $35,000,000, and the value 
of the output for the year was $50,000,000. 

The total bank clearances for the year were $578,- 
034.517. as compared with $478,985,298 for the pre- 
ceding year, Los Angeles ranking sixteenth in the 
United States in this respect. The total postoffice 
receipts were $929,638, against $701,598 for 1905. 
The building improvements aggregated in value 
818,158,520, as compared with $15,615,083 the previ- 
ous year. 

"Los Angeles is known throughout the United 
States, if not the world, as a city of phenomenal 
development and magnificent opportunities," s,aid 
Mr. Schneider. "No reasons can be advanced why 
the healthful conditions now existing will not pre- 
vail for many years to come, but, on the contrary, 
every indication points to greater activities. I be- 
lieve that any attempt to inject artificial means by 
way of extensive magazine advertising or otherwise, 
in order to force immigration, would disturb nor- 
mal conditions. 

' \\ ith the public improvements that are con- 
templated, and especially with the prospect of the 
development of the greater water supply from the 
Owens river valley, the consolidation of the city 
and county of Los Angeles and the admission of 
neighboring towns, and other projects now on foot, 
looking toward a greater Los Angeles, the future of 
this city is so well assured that we can depend upon 
the natural growth that will follow these improve- 

* * * 

Another Sign of Prosperity 

John H. Blackwood, manager of the Belasco 
theater, and two San Francisco capitalists have 
leased for thirty years the old Panorama building at 
No. 320 South Main street and are planning the erec- 
tion of a fireproof five-story building to be used 
chiefly as an opera house. According to the plans the 
auditorium will seat five thousand persons, which 
will make it one of the most commodious in the coun- 
try. It is understood that it will be equipped in ac- 

cordance with the latest ideals as to what a modern 
playhouse should be and very handsomely finished 
and furnished, making it one of the most magnifi- 
cent amusement houses in America. The scheme 
is all right. Nothing is too good for Los Angeles. 
The city has become one of the greatest show town-; 
of its size in the world, and there is little danger 
that the work of providing accommodations will be 
overdone until ,we stop growing — and that con- 
tingency is too remote for consideration by this • 

We Rent, Repair and Sell 

....Typewriters of all Makes.... 

Try the Yost for "Beautiful Work" 



Home A 5913 Main 3959 



"Wild Rose Mining Co. Ang'ehis Mining Co. 

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PHONE F 7130 

505-506 Delta Building Los Angeles, Cal. 


..California«he d East.. 

There's no Better Way than the 


'Tis the Scenic Short-line between Los Angeles and Salt 
Lake City and the Train Service is Excellent. 

No Finer Train Exists than the Los Angeles Limited — 
Solid between Chicago and Los Angeles. Try it. 


The Pacific Outlook 

To Beautify tKe City 

The Municipal Art Commission's project to pre- 
pare plans for an artistic scheme of public improve- 
ments promises great things for the future of Los 
Angeles. No city in the United States offers such 
opportunities as this growing Southern California 
metropolis. The employment of an authority on 
the city beautiful so distinguished as Charles Mul- 
ford Robinson is the first step in the right direction, 
and the $1,000 fee will be sure to bring tremendous 
returns in a few years. The personnel of the Mu- 
nicipal Art Commission is a guarantee that the best 
interests of f;he city will be conserved. The mem- 
bers are : Major E. F. C. Klokke, Mrs. W. J. Wash- 
burn, Mrs. Sumner P. Hunt, John Parkinson and 
F. W. Blanchard. 

* * * 

Would PunisH Attorneys 
The San Bernardino county grand jury has asked 
for the disbarment of Henry W. Nisbet for em- 
bezzlement of the funds of one of his clients, and for 
the suspension for one or two years of Cramer 
Morris, another attorney, for questionable practice. 
The grand jury, in its recent report, said: "It is the 
judgment of this grand jury that attorneys of good 
standing in San Rernardino county should have 
sufficient pride to keep up an association that will 
preserve their standing and protect the profession 
from fellow attorneys who are making a practice 
of taking advantage of the innocent public for per- 
sonal gain by indiscreet and unprofessional acts." 

* * * 
Monrovia's Big' BreaKfast 

One of the memorable -social events in the his- 
tory of the Saturday Afternoon clut of Monrovia 
was the annual breakfast last Saturday, when 
guests from Los Angeles, Pasadena and other cities 
were present. Mrs. Florence Collins Porter, presi- 
dent of the District Federation of Women's clubs, 
and Mrs. O. Shepard Barnum, president of the 
Southern California Women's Parliament, were the 
principal speakers. The guests were seated at long 
tables beautifully decorated with smilax and violets 
and an elaborate menu was served. 

* * * 

Reformation Begun 

Sixty-five thousand conifer plants, grown in the 
forest nurseries of the United States Forest Reserve. 
San Gabriel range, have been shipped to points along 
the forest reserve borders in Southern California 
and will be set out in furthering the schemes of re- 
forestation. The distribution will be made to Po- 
mona, Ontario, Upland, San Bernardino, Redlands 
and other points at which the rangers will receive 
the consignments and cart them into the reserve 
to set out in sparsely timbered sections. 

* * * 

Death to the Billboards 

At the regular meeting of the Civic Association 
next Tuesday in the Chamber of Commerce build- 
ing, the bill board committee, it is understood, will 
make a proposition for radical action in abating 
a nuisance that loyal residents of Los Angeles have 
ceased to tolerate. A unique plan for the raising of 
funds to carry on the work will be outlined by the 
chairman of the committee, who has interested lead- 
ing merchants in a novel social affair. 

Railroad Interests May Control It 

It is said that W. G. Emerson of Los Angeles is 
the head of the Hollister Avenue Pier and Amuse- 
ment Company of Santa Monica, which is capital- 
ized for $200,000, though it is popularly believed 
there that the Huntington interests bought in the 
holdings of the White Star Pier and Amusement 
Company, sold recently under foreclosure proceed- 
ings. The enterprise is to be put on a paying basis. 

* * * 
"Scotty's" Bonanza Located 

The location of the source of the hitherto mys- 
terious wealth of Walter Scott, the Death Valley 
miner, is said to have been revealed at last through 
the filing of a description of the property in San 
Bernardino count}'. It is a placer property and is 
located on the west side of Death Valley in the 
Fanamint range. 

*• * * 
Salton Sea Pleasure Resorts 

As the Salton sea will endure, in all probability, 
for several years after its source of supply is cut off, 
plans are said to have been formed for the establish- 
ment of pleasure resorts along its shores. The 
water contains many fish and wild fowl are 

* * * 
"Wants an Oil County 

The bill of Assemblyman McGuire of Kings 
county, cutting off the rich Coalinga oil fields from 
Fresno county, and annexing them to Kings county, 
promises to cause a struggle between the two coun- 
ties. .Mr. McGuire states that the district in ques- 
tion is desert land, and was worth but little before 
the discoverv of oil around Coalinga. 


"H L&ccs In ftwi * 

La Princesse Corset. 
... Pa'rlors... 

343 South Broadway, Second Floor 

The most exclusive woman's store in the 
west. Gowns, Millinery and Corsets; 
Prices Moderate. We carry thirty dif 
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from one Dolla r to tw enty-five. ^ »? 

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for one week on WATCHES 



502 S. Broadway 


Diamonds Bought, and Sold 

If you have any kind of collateral that you wish to raise money 
on, call at 316 S. BROADWAY. Phoue 4322 


m (immmm 

George Baker jfnderson 


Jin Independent Weekly Review of the Southwest 

Mary Holland Klnfeald 


Howard Clark Gattoape 

Published every Saturday at 420*422*423 Chamber of Com* 
merce Building, Los Jtngeles, California, by 

The Pacific Outlook Company. 

Subscription price S2.00 a year in advance. 
cents on all neivs stands. 

Single copy to 

VOL. 2. 

MO. 5 

The Editor of the Pacific Outlook cannot guarantee to return manuscripts 
though he will endeavor to do so if stamps for that purpose are inclosed with them. 
If your manuscript is valuable, keep a copy of it. 


The Pacific Outlook is mailed to subscribers through 
the Los Angeles Post office every Friday, and should be 
delivered in every part of the city by Saturday's post. If 
for any reason it should be delayed, or be delivered in 
poor condition, subscribers will confer a favor upon the 
publishers by giving them immediate notice. Telephone 
Home A 7926. 


One of the most vicious of the numerous utterly 
bad measures before the present State Legislature 
is the bill introduced last week by Senator McCart- 
ney abolishing the coroner's jury and transferring 
the powers now vested in that body to the hands of 
the coroner. The object of the bill is plain enough. 
A coroner's jury cannot always be "influenced" suc- 
cessfully by a corporation desiring to escape con- 
demnation as a party to the death of an individual 
who has not been nimble enough to dodge an ap- 
proaching electric or steam car. A cor- 
Coroner's oner sometimes is more easily handled. 
Juries The passage of such a bill as this would 
make the evasion of the responsibility 
for railway accidents relatively easy for the corpora- 
tions. Even with a full coroner's jury inquiring 
into the responsibility for accidents of this nature it 
is altogether too frequently the case that the guilty 
corporations evade trial and punishment, a fact 
that is evidenced by the history of deaths on the rail 
in Los Angeles. We expect, however, that the legis- 
lature will pass the bill and Governor Gillett will 
sign it, and thus score again as victorious cam- 
paigners for the railroad interests. 

* * * 

There is another bill before the legislature which 
is equally as bad as that pertaining to the coroner's 
jury. It is the Broughton bill for the removal of 
the city prosecuting attorney from the jurisdiction 
of a public official subject to the application of the 

the general legislative scheme to take from the con- 
trol of the people ever} possible popular prerogative 

and make it more easy than ever before for the in- 
famous, wicked and corrupt "machine" to cut and 

slush as it pleases when it runs amuck. 

Beyond Tt is inconceivable that a chief execu- 

the Recall tive of any state would approve of 

such measures as either of these. Both 
are aimed directly at the heart of popular govern- 
ment and are as diaphanously corporation measures 
as any that have been introduced into the Califor- 
nia legislature for years. It is not at all likely that 
such bills would be favorably considered for one 
moment by the governor of any other state than 
California. Their incorporation into the statutes 
would be an eternal disgrace to the fair name of the 
state. Will Governor Gillett allow himself to be- 
come a party to such monumental folly? 

* * * 

Day by day evidence accumulates that the South- 
ern Pacific combine, rather than showing a disposi- 
tion to put its ear to the ground to determine 
whether the army of discontent really is approach- 
ing or not, is as insistently defying all laws of right 
and justice in its dealings with the people as ever 
before in its history. Outrage after outrage, moral 
crime after moral crime, foliow in rapid succession, 
each in the train of the other. It is almost impos- 
sible for the keenest eye to watch all the features 
of the rapidly moving panorama of events. The 
Most insolent and disgraceful only are 
Eminent retained on the retina of memory's eye 
Domain The atrocious course of this giant mon- 
opoly in dealing with the lumber ques- 
tion is among the latest of its efforts to get every- 
thing that it can for nothing. That it would dare, 
at this juncture, to pursue the course it has in deal- 
ing with this industry would be unbelievable any- 
where but in California. But one may do as he 
pleases in his own home, which the common law says 
is his castle. And California belongs to the South- 
ern Pacific. Nobody denies it — not even the rail- 
road itself. 

* * * 

The cruel heel of the lumber trust has been felt 
in Los Angeles more, perhaps, than in any other sec- 
tion of the Pacific coast. The retail lumber dealers 
of this city estimate that they are compelled to pay 

principle of the recall and placing him under the the railroads from six to eight thousand dollars per 
mnsdiction of a county official. Both are parts of day for hauling lumber from the wharves at San 

The Pacific Outlook 

Pedro and other ports to this city, a distance of 
about twenty miles, though the only expense en- 
tailed by the roads is an engine and a train crew 
of four or five men. If this is not highway robbery, 
how can the term be defined? But that is not the 
worst feature of the situation. The lumber trust 
is nothing more nor less than 
Railroads and a tentacle of the railroad octo- 

the Lumber Trust pus. It is owned and con- 
trolled by the interests which 
own and control the railroad. The railroad owns 
the lumber, it owns the timber lands, it owns the 
harbors, it owns the best part of the electric rail- 
ways — what in the name of heaven does it not own? 
The Pacific Outlook is informed by a prominent 
railroad official that he has definite knowledge that 
agents of the Department of Commerce and Labor 
will visit Los Angeles for the purpose of investigat- 
ing this very question. In view of this fact the morf. 
quickly the aggrieved interests file their complaints 
before the department the more certain will they be 
of receiving attention and redress. 

* * *• 

In this issue of the Pacific Outlook there will be 
found the salient points in an address delivered a 
short time since before a New York organization by 
Judge William J. Gaynor of the Appellate Division 
of the Supreme Court of that state. The subject is 
one of vital interest to the country — "Are our rail- 
roads public highways or private roads?" Briefly 
put, Judge Gaynor takes the view that railways are 
public highways and seems to prove his contention. 
He shows that while the government has no power 

to acquire land for the use of 
Public Highways railways "except to build them 
or Private Roads as public highways," it may 

take land "against the will of 
the owner by its eminent domain power, for public 
highways, or any other public or government use." 
He has thoroughly demonstrated the fact that our 
constitution does not permit the government to give 
the railways authority to operate as purely private 
institutions ; and it logically follows that, such being 
the case, any railway which assumes that it enjoys 
immunities or rights paramount to those of the peo- 
ple — the government which created them — is work- 
ing on a fallacious hypothesis. 

* * * 

There is one sentence in Judge Gaynor's able ad- 
dress which appeals to us as the essence of the 
whole thing. It is this : "Fasten that in your mind — 
that only government can take private property 
away .from the owner, and that it can take it only for 
a public use, such as for a public highway and the 
like, and you have the key to why our iron roads, 
just like our dirt and water roads, had to be and were 
built not as private roads but as public highways ; 

that is to say, highways over which all had the right 

to have themselves and their goods 

Same Terms carried on the very same terms to all, 

to All no more and no less to any one." 

This fact makes it evident that Judge 
Gaynor is entirely within the right, in our mind, 
when he declares that "in order that these iron 
roads could be built at all they had to be built as 
public highways." And if they are public high- 
ways, why should they not be controlled, within 
reasonable measure, by the public — that is to say, 
by the federal government? 
* * * 
Temporarily the people have received a setback. 
The railroad combine has defeated the orange 
growers of California in their effort to compel the 
transportation lines to abide by the decision of the 
Interstate Commerce Commission that the roads 
must reduce the tariff rate on oranges shipped to 
eastern points from $1.25 to $1.10 per hundred 
pounds. Unfortunately for the aggrieved interests 
the judge before whom the case came had no alter- 
native, the attorney-general of the United States 

having directed the United States 

Orange Men attorney to move for the dismissal 

Defeated of the action brought in behalf of 

the fruit men by the commission. 
The termination of the suit proves two things — that 
the fruit men need expect nothing whatever from 
the present administration, and that the Interstate 
Commerce Commission is either a great big joke 
or dominated by the railroad combine. Whether 
the commission is of practical utility or not, it is a 
thoroughly determined fact that it is utterly useless 
as an instrument for the salvation of the most im- 
portant industry in Southern California. 
* * * 

The railroad combine is taking as its share of the 
gross returns on orange shipments something like 
a million and three-quarters of dollars more than 
the producers themselves receive. The railroads 
have risen superior to the law and the courts them- 
selves — all because of their tremendous influence at 
Washington. And the people — all that the people 
can do is to continue to "pay the freight." The 
railroads are asking the same old arrogant question 
regarding their right to do as they please with what 
they consider their own, and they are forcing the 
people to demand and secure, as a last 
Apparent protective measure, that thing which we 
Solution believe is inevitable under existing con- 
ditions — public control, if not actual 
ownership, of the great system the right of way to 
which they always have owned. The common man 
is growing madder and madder every moment. And 
the fool railroads are blind to the overwhelming de- 
mand for justice. No state is more intensely in- 
terested in this burning question than California. 

The Pacific Outlook 

r.nt the people of this borough of the Southern Pa- 
cific system need never hope for relief until their 
ire sufficiently opened to impel them to elect 
a legislature which will send to Washington two 
United States senators who, like Senator Bard, may 
depended upon to fight a good fight for the 

* * * 

I '■> return to the ignominious failure- of the Inter- 
Commerce Commission to secure to the orange 
men fair and reasonable treatment at the hands of 
the railroads: Joseph II. Call, who has successfull) 
prosecuted more cases against the railroads, in he- 
half of the government, than any other lawyer, in 
a recent interview made the statement that both 
the old commission and the present body "have 
proven such shams that they are not worthy of at- 
tention. The former rate law and the present Hep- 
burn act,'' he asserts, "were written for and by the 
railroads. The only charge on which we could have 
won against the railroads is the ■ pooling charge 
which the commission has declared 
Fine Piece of true but which it has refused to 
Buncombe take to court. Yet it was the first 
of all the charges made." Two 
years ago the commission found that the freight 
rate on oranges was excessive and that the illegal 
pooling was responsible for it. In spite of this fact 
when the commission brought suit to enforce its 
order that the companies reduce the rate from $1.25 
to Si. 10 per hundred pounds, it refused to make an 
order for the dissolution of the pool, thereby render- 
ing its action on the matter of freight rates worth- 
less — a fine piece of buncombe. We say buncombe, 
because it is a fact that the Supreme Court of the 
United States had decided on many occasions that 
the commission has no power to fix rates, any more 
than it has power to establish lawyers' fees in 

* * * 

The worm has turned. The California State 
Legislature is at bay. The correspondent of the 
San Francisco Bulletin has been expelled from legis- 
lative halls at Sacramento, because he accused mem- 
bers of the lawmaking body of adjourning to attend 
a funeral of one of their colleagues for the purpose, 
chiefly, of "doing politics." The fact that the- of- 
fending correspondent was Edward J. Livernash, 
one time member of Congress from this state, re- 
lieves the situation greatly. On general principles 
Livernash ought to Ik- expelled from legislative 
halls and from prettv nearly 
Perhaps It Was every other place where man- 
Biliousness kind is wont to congregate. The 
joke in the proceeding lies in the 
fact that the act of the legislature in this instance 
eoiues dangerously near to an exemplification of an 
ancient adage- in which the billingsgate engaged in 

by the kitchen utensils made respectively of clay 

and iron arc personified for the purpose of Khada- 
mantine dialogue. flu- fiery Johnson — Grove 1.. 

Johnson, who wanted another free set of code hooks 
because he had had eight or nine sets given to him 

on previous occasions — threw out a suggestion of 
"death to the traitor." Poor Livernash! Possiblj 
his first two syllables were out of order. 

* * * 

The pessimistic views expressed last week by 
Henry I-'. Howland, said to have been a former oc- 
cupant of the- bench in New York State, will not be 
accorded very great weight among the democratic 
citizenry of the country, and intelligent and well- 
informed men of the Pacific coast will attach little 
importance to his predictions of calamity. If he has 
been correctly reported this is what he said: "You 
may well call the railroads the backbone of the 
country. Look what Hill has done for Minnesota 

with his railroad lines. And yet when 
Calamity he set out a little while ago to increase 
Howler the usefulness of these roads the attor- 

ney-general of that state leaped before 
him and enjoined his enterprise. The attacks upon 
railroad interests throughout the country are cer- 
tain to result disastrously. This is a great people, 
but we are not making use of the prosperity which 
now exists to strengthen ourselves. A financial 
panic alone will clear the atmosphere. That will 
cause suffering, but will bring people to their 

* * * ' 

The utterances of Judge Howland doubtless 
would be applauded by an audience composed of 
trust magnates, railroad operators and "stand 
patters," but it is unbelievable that any thoughtful 
man who realizes the true tendency of the times 
will agree with him when he suggests that what the 
country needs is a financial panic. Underneath 
his words we seem to see a veiled threat that if the 
common, ordinary, every-day people, the men who 
are permitted by the divinely ordained trustees of 
capital to "pay the freight," do not keep their hands 
off the railroads and allow them to retain full sway 
in the future as they have in the past, something 

will be doing to teach them a lesson. 

Insult to This is the attitude assumed by the 

Intelligence arrogant exponents of the money-is- 

king idea, and the employment of 
such threatening language, let us assure Judge 
Howland, is nothing short of an insult to the intelli- 
gence of some ninety odd per cent of the citizens 
of the American commonwealth. The time has 
passed when Americans are to be intimidated either 
b\ innuendo or direct and pointed threat of panic 
as the result of their desperate efforts to rehabilitate 
themselves as sovereign citizens and to secure their 
just heritage. We commend to Judge Howland the 

The Pacific Outlook 

suggestions contained in the able paper by Judge 
Gaynor, one of his fellow-citizens of New York 
State, which is reproduced in this issue of the Pa- 
cific Outlook. It will help to educate him. 

* * * 

In spite of the rather caustic criticism of re- 
formers in general which has been voiced within the 
past few days by a local daily newspaper, the more 
thoughtful element among the voters of Los An- 
geles will hardly be misled into a condemnatory 
mood when passing judgment upon the work 
planned by the Municipal League. Seven members 
of this body— C. W. Chase, R. N. Bulla, O. P. Trask, 
E. W. Camp, Hugh W. Adams, Russ Avery and E. 
A. Dickson — have been appointed to investigate the 
election laws of the state and various plans for a 
primary law. They will make a careful study of the 
election laws of other states and suggest the adop- 
tion of the best features of such laws 
Too Much as appeal to them as suited to the needs 
Optimism of California. The next step will be 
an attempt to convince the State Legis- 
lature that reform along the lines indicated is better 
for California than the system now in vogue. While 
the work of the Municipal League in this direction 
is highly commendable, it is quite apparent that 
that body has selected a most inopportune time to 
attempt to secure the enactment of any measures of 
an honestly reformatory nature. The undertaking 
of the league unquestionably will result in the 
awakening of a stronger public sentiment favorable 
to election reforms, and in this respect will be most 
valuable ; but the most optimistic need not antici- 
pate favorable action by the present legislature and 

* * * 

Mrs. Lydia K. Commander, whose name is enough 
to cause apprehension, has written a book to show 
that the American race is becoming extinct. Mrs. 
Commander says the nation cannot afford idle 
women and working children and declares that, 
paradoxical as it may seem, the nation is disappear- 
ing in the effort to survive. This view is taken by 
the writer because she finds in well-to-do families 
no children, or at most two, while in the class that 
can least afford the luxury of parentage there are 
boys and girls who must work to support them- 
selves. Mrs. Commander sees only one side of the 
question, since she has studied it from an urban 

standpoint. In a stretch of 

Seeking in fifteen blocks on Fifth avenue 

Wrong Quarters she found only fifteen children, 

but it must be remembered that 
young persons who are beginning life do not as a 
rule have enough money to set up housekeeping 
on the street that is the haunt of millionaires. Most 
men have time to rear their children and to accumu- 
late a few grandchildren before their fortunes war- 

rant an establishment on the avenue. The anxious 
Mrs. Commander ought to come to California if she 
would be cheered up on the question of the dying 
lace. The school census would relieve her mind 
considerably and a visit to the beaches, where babes 
that have not reached school age romp by the hun- 
dreds, would drive away her last fear for the vanish- 
ing nation. She should have journeyed to the coast 
before giving President Roosevelt this last unneces- 
sary scare. 

* * * 

A commission appointed by former Governor 
Higgins to investigate the tax laws of the Empire 
State and suggest measures for more equitable 
legislation has decided to recommend many im- 
portant changes affecting taxation. One of the 
measures which may be presented to the legislature 
calls for the levying of a tax on all incomes above 
five hundred dollars per annum. An income up to 
five hundred dollars is to be exempt from taxation, 
but all annual incomes above that amount to the 

first ten thousand dollars above the 

Income Tax amount of exemption it is proposed 

Proposed to tax at the rate of one per cent. Of 

all incomes above ten thousand dol- 
lars up to and including twenty-five thousand dol- 
lars the rate proposed is two per cent ; above 
twenty-five thousand dollars up to and including 
fifty thousand dollars the rate is five per cent ; over 
fifty thousand dollars up to and including one hun- 
dred thousand dollars the rate is ten per cent; over 
one hundred thousand dollars up to and including 
two hundred thousand dollars the rate is fifteen per 
cent; and all incomes in excess of the latter figure 
are to pay a tax of twenty per cent — if the bill be- 
come a law ! 

* * * 

The proposed measure compels every person 
whose income is liable to taxation to make and file 
with the board of assessors of his tax district a re- 
turn upon blanks to be provided for that purpose, 
setting forth in detail the net amount and source of 
income of the person making such return. The 
total amount in detail shall be given of all incomes 
received from mortgages, bonds, stocks, debentures, 
promissory notes, personal securities of any sort, 
money loaned or invested in other 
Details of form of security or without any se- 
ttle Measure curity, together with a detailed state- 
ment of such security or item of in- 
debtedness or moneys loaned, giving the name and 
residence of persons so indebted or of corporations 
issuing bonds or stock and the place where said se- 
curity is at the time actually located; also all tax- 
able income from any other source or sources what- 
soever, with full particulars thereof; also a total 
footing of the amount of income of the maker of 
said return from all the foregoing sources. 

The Pacific Outlook 

Even the most hopeful and enthusiastic advocate 
>\ reform, and especially of the income tax. 
need not expect to see this measure become a law — 
particularly in New York State, and at this time, 
It stands about as great a chance of passage as if it 
were upon trial before the present California State 
Legislature, and we all know what its prospects of 
life would be in the latter body. The advocates of 
some sort of income tax are growing in numbers 
year by year, and the tendency of the limes un- 
doubtedly is in that direction. The enemies of re- 
form in this direction point to the system in vogue 
in Switzerland as a horrible example and exclaim : 
"Beware!" Such as these fail to real- 
Growth of ize that the American spirit and the 
the Idea Swiss spirit are most divergent, and 
that Americans would not suggest nor 
tolerate any such complex income tax system as 
that which is proving the bane of the little republic 
among the Alps. Sanity and temperance are as 
necessary to the successful exploitation of tax re- 
form as in any other progressixe movement. Ameri- 
cans, as a rule, are willing to keep out of the politi- 
cal mad-house; but they are getting warm on this 
question of equity in taxation, and the income tax 
appear- to he pretty nearly the only practicable solu- 
tion of the question just now. It is a radical meas- 
ure, it is true, but we all may come to the conclusion 
that it is worth trying. The next thing will be to 
convert our erratic legislatures to the popular view- 

* * * 

Professor George W. Karchwey, dean of the 
Columbia University law school, appears to have 
struck a common sense solution of the marriage 
and divorce problem. Dr. Karchwey advocates trial 
divorces. He says: "When two persons decide there 
is good cause or reason for their living apart and 
the court agrees with them, I do not think a per- 
manent decree should be awarded. Make it tem- 
porary. Do not render it impossible for these two 
people, once happily married, ever to live togethei 

again. I would advocate making the de- 
Trial cree valid for a certain length of time 
Divorce only. Then let the parties come into 

court at the expiration of the stated period 
and say whether they did not think a mistake had 
been made and that they would prefer to live to- 
gether again." Trial divorce certainly is much 
more to he encouraged than trial marriage. If there 
were more trials before marriage and fewer trials 
afterward, the world would be a happier place, but 
since things are as they are the trial divorce ought 
to fill a long felt want. 

* * * 

That style of "personal journalism" in vogue one 
or two generations ago. when billingsgate formed 
one of the chief assets of a newspaper, is not so 
much a thing of the past, it appears, as newspaper 

editors proclaim. We find material for a sail com 
mentary on the progress of American journalism in 

a recent attack upon a private citizen of Los \n 
3, Dr. John R. llayncs. in the editorial columns 
of the Times, which heaps upon the head of that 

gentleman some of the coarsest invectives to be 

found in the lexicon of anathema and abuse. The 
indecency of the language employed is SO gross that 
no reputable newspaper could reproduce it. The 
editor of a publication having so large a circulation 

as that boasted by the Times holds 

Despicable in his hands an implement of terrific 

Tactics power for good or bad. under ordinary 

circumstances ; but when any paper 
descends to the level of a besotted ami utterly ir- 
responsible street brawler, who "argues" by assign- 
ing vulgar names to every passer-by, it inevitably 
must lose wdiat prestige and power it may have at- 
tained in other ways. Of moral right to make such 
an attack upon a citizen whose motives are gener- 
ally regarded as being of a beneficent nature, a 
newspaper has none. It seems inconceivable that 
the Times can continue to retain the respect of the 
citizens of Los Angeles if it pursue such a policy of 
mud-slinging. Certainly no lover of fair play will 
be influenced by the insane foulness of its method 
of attack. Such tactics are despicable to the limit. 

* * * 

The Omaha courts have decided that works of 
art are indecent and therefore unfit to be sold in 
the stores of Nebraska cities. The test case con- 
cerned a merchant's right to sell a copy of Rubens's 
"Judgment of Paris", the original of which is in the 
Dresden Art Gallery, Van Dyke's "Diana" and Van-' 
derwerf's "Magdalena." A police sergeant had con- 
fiscated the prints and the owner was fined for hav- 
ing put thenron sale. This news corning at a time 
when Mr. Bryan is doing his best to uphold his 
state's reputation, must be rather humiliating to the 
man now so much in the public eye. The famous 
orator has been received by crowned heads ; in all 
of his globe trotting he has done the best he could 
to give the most desirable impression 
Omaha's of Nebraska. It is too bad that at the 
Art Critics time when he was visiting Los An- 
geles, acknowledged as an art center, 
the news of the legal view of the old masters should 
have been telegraphed to the coast. It was in 
Omaha that a young crank criticised Bouguereau's 
"The Awakening of Spring" by throwing a chair 
through the canvas, but on former occasions that 
fact did not prejudice the national Democrats 
against Mr. Bryan. He ought to take comfort in 
the reflection that the Democrats don't care a six- 
teen-to-one silver dollar for art and that Southern 
California's delegates to the national convention 
will not inquire concerning the Middle Western 
attitude on Rubens and Van Dvke. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Note-worthy Contribution to the Literature of American Railroad History by a 

Distinguished American Jurist 

By Hon. William J. Gaynor 

Judge William J. Gaynor of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York State, one 
of the most distinguished of American jurists, delivered an address before the Forum at New Roch- 
elle, N. Y., on January 6, taking as his subject, 'Are our railroads public highways or private roads?" 
Few of the newspapers of the country published more than a brief synopsis of this address, though 
the subject is one of the most vital now before the American people. At the request of the Pacific 
Outlook Judge Gaynor has written and revised the more important portions of his address for this 
paper. In introducing his subject he said: 

"What I have to say to you can be of no interest to mere sensationalists. I have only facts so dry 
that it is not worth while setting them before any but the intelligent mind which counts in moving the 
world. I bring them here because I know my audience in advance. Would that such an audience could 
be assembled in every considerable place in the country twice a month as here. If you call attention to 
railroad abuses the sensationalist or pervertor of the truth wants to make it appear that you oppose 
railroads. If you oppose monopolies created by all of the rival manufacturing corporations engaged in 
the same business uniting to control prices, they say you are opposed to the business interests. 

"If you object to the successive unions or mergers of city 'railroads, for instance, being accom- 
panied by and made the excuse for issues of tens and hundreds of millions of bogus stocks and bonds 
for the community to pay interest and dividends on forever as a perpetual tax, and issued to aggrandize 
a few out of the pockets of the many, they say you oppose the combination of railroads. That you only 
oppose the bogus stocks and bonds that accompany such combinations they conceal, if indeed some of 
their sensational heads can understand it at all. 

"In place of opposing the union of continuous lines of railroads, we would even have them so 
united that one could ride in the same car from the remotest outskirt of Brooklyn to the remotest out- 
skirt of the Bronx, but without any bogus millions of stocks and bonds to absorb the earnings, instead 
of there being a reduction of fares as earnings grow so large as to pay a higher dividend than the public 
ought to pay on an honest capitalization. Some of what I have to say will be a repetition even as per- 
sistent as that of Cato calling for the destruction of Carthage." 

Judge Gaynor then spoke of how the railroads came to be public highways. The essential parjs of 
his noteworthy contribution to the literature of railroad history follow. — The Editor. 

With the invention of the locomotive steam en- 
gine came the matter of building roads for the use 
of such engines. This was about 1825. From the 
beginning of the world the public highways had 
been built by government, if we except a few canals 
and turnpike roads which government in some 
places had allowed corporations to built as public 
highways in the last century. In this state, govern- 
ment built our great water highway, the Erie canal, 
and smaller ones. In the same way government 
could have built our iron highways. That is what 
government did in many or most countries, includ- 
ing the colonies of the British empire ; they built the 
iron highways just as government had always built 
the dirt and water highways. In other countries in- 
stead of building these iron highways government 
adopted the policy of creating public corporations as 
arms or agencies of government to build and operate 
them as public highways. They were built under 
the same franchises from government as those un- 
der which corporations had theretofore been en- 
franchised to build and operate toll-gate roads. 
Such toll roads were built as public highways, open 
to all on the very same terms. That was the law of 
their being. The building corporations were per- 
mitted to charge a toll, but only the same toll to 
every one. In the very same way and on the same 
plan were the iron roads built as public highways 
open to all on the same terms. 

They could not be built except as public high- 
ways, as government roads, because the necessary 
land could not be acquired to build them as private 
roads. Any individual could build a road from here 
to Buffalo, say, as a private road, as can be done 
now, if the land can be obtained by private pur- 
chase. The trouble is that the owner of any strip 
of land on the route could stop the building of the 

road by refusing to sell his land. And this brings 
us right to the point of the matter. Government 
may take land against the will of the owner by its 
eminent domain power, for public highways, or any 
other public or government use. But land cannot 
be taken for any private use. Fasten that in your 
mind — that only government can take private prop- 
erty away from the owner, and that it can take it 
only for a public use, such as for a public highway 
and the like, and you have the key to why our iron 
roads, just like our dirt and water roads, had to be 
and were built not as private roads but as public 
highways; that is to say, highways over which all 
had the right to have themselves and their goods 
carried on the very same terms to all, no more and 
no less to any one. In order that these iron roads 
could be built at all they had to be built as public 
highways, for even government had not the power 
to acquire the land for them except to build them as 
public highways, and to enable corporations to build 
them they had to be built as public highways, and 
to that end government had to confer on such cor- 
porations the right to use the government's power 
of eminent domain to take land. 

The matter got into the courts at the very be- 
ginning. After government had passed laws for the 
building of these iron toll highways by corporations, 
the same as corporations had been empowered to 
build dirt toll highways, property owners here and 
there resisted the taking of their property against 
their will by such corporations on the ground that 
the land was not to be put to a public but to a pri- 
vate use; that the roads were to be private roads 
and not public highways. But the courts held that 
thev were to be and could only be public highways, 
and that therefore the land could be taken. 

You therefore perceive that our iron roads are 

The Pacific Outlook 

not private reads but public highways. The cor- 
ions, or rather the individuals who control the 
corporations which run them, can not do with them 
i.v will. They arc mere trustees or agencies 
ivernment, or of the people of the state or na- 
tion, t" run them as public highways for the benefit 
of all. "ii the same rates and tolls to all, ami with- 
out any favoritism or discrimination to anyone. 
They hold and exercise a sort of office for that pui- 
Every free pass issued, every favor in freight 
rate~ granted, is in defiance of the law, yea. of the 
very law of the being of these iron highways and the 
corporations running them. Some people are under 
the delusion that recent statutes made these things 
unlawful. Xot at all : they were unlawful from the 
beginning. The fact that these iron roads were pub- 
lic highways, just like the dirt roads that ran along' 
side of them, became so far forgotten by some peo- 
ple that they thought it w'as meddlesomeness to in- 
terfere with the management of them by the people 
in control of them. "Do they not own them, and 
may not one do as he likes with his own?" they 
1. This is an old and arrogant question, but it 
was never true of the ownership of private property, 
i. let alone being true of public highways or 
public property. Xo new laws were needed to make 
free passes and freight rate favoritism illegal ; we 
only needed statutes to make it a criminal offense 
to grant them and jail those who should grant them. 

Judge Gaynor then spoke of the long neglect of 
government to supervise and control the manage- 
ment of the railroads, with the result that the in- 
dividuals in control of the railroad corporations 
throughout the country came to do as they liked 
with the roads, and said: 

Just think for a minute of these public highways 
of the country, open to all on absolutely equal terms 
by the very law of their being, being used to enable 
some men. a few men, to destrov their business 
Meals, drive them out of business and beggar them 
and their families, by means of favoritism in freight 
rates. Tt is the basest, I do not hesitate to say the 
most dastardly, crime of our day and generation. 
\\ hat sort of a death do men expect to die who have 
amassed millions in that way? I do not have to 
stop to remind intelligent people that if I can get 
my freight carried at a rate so much lower than 
yours that f am thereby enabled to ruinously under- 
sell you in the market that you must quit; you arc 
ruined and T am left without a rival, with a mon- 
opoly, to dictate prices and do as T will. Trans- 
I ortation rates enter controllingly into the price of 
commodities as they arc produced to the consumer. 

Xow if I give an illustration it is not for holding 
any one man up to reproach above others. About 
1870 T went through the oil region of Pennsylvania 
after coming: home from school. There I saw a 
wilderness of derricks spread out over the country 
over wells and engines Dumping oil. Hundreds of 
neople owned such wells ami were producing oil. 
In about five years all of these wells had passed 
into the ownership of one man or set of men. All 
the others had failed and ioined those unfortunates 
who fall bv the wayside in the struggle for exist- 
ence. And why and how' Were these few men 
"hlr to dig wlls or pump oil. or refine it. any better 
than the hundred of others? Xot at all. Then how- 
did thev ruin and drive every one out hut them- 
selves? Why. thev went to the few powerful in- 

dividuals who controlled the railroads, the public 
highways, and conspired with them, breathed with 

them, and got them to carrj their oil to market for 
saj St a barrel while ever) one else was charged 
$2 and more a barrel. More than that, the} gol 
these railroad autocrats and delict's of law to secret- 
ly pay Over to them a part or all of such extra rates 
charged to all excepting them, and then there was 
a division among them all. 

1 H" course this favoritism in freight rales enabled 
them to undersell and destroy all their rivals. Poor 
unfortunates, destroyed by the unlawful use of the 
public highways, open by law to all on the same 
terms, destroyed by the neglect of their government 
to enforce the laws of these highways, nothing was 
left to them but to quit. Life to them was a failure. 
And this same thing has since been done in respect 
of all of our principal products. 

All of our commercial trusts have been built 
up chiefly by means of this favoritism in freight 
rates. It is the mother of the trusts. 

Every one in business has to pay our protective 
tariffs alike; no one gets any abatement of them. 
But this favoritism in ft eight rates given to a few 
gives them a controlling advantage over all others. 
We wall be looked back upon as a generation lost 
to moral sense for having suffered such a heartless 
wrong to continue so long. And let no one be un- 
der the delusion that it is now to cease. You can't 
stop an evil by merely passing a law against it. One 
coterie of five men or less is receiving $25,000,000 a 
year by this rate favoritism, and another has re- 
ceived $500,000,000 since 1887, and so on through a 
long list of industries. 

So great is this rate favoritism that the gross 
freight receipts of some roads compared with the 
total tonnage carried is less than if all freight had 
been carried at the rate for coal, which is the lowest 
of rates. Do you think these men are going to give 
up this vast means of aggrandizement without a 
long struggle, lasting' a generation and more? You 
know little of human nature if you do. Some have 
come to the conclusion that government should 
take the railroads and run them in order to end the 
abuse. It is very certain that if the abuse can be 
ended in no other way the people will compel gov- 
ernment to take the roads. This country and gov- 
ernment of ours are great enough to do anything. 
There is nothing radical or startling about govern- 
ment owning and running railroads, when one half 
or more of the railroads of the world are owned and 
operated by government. For my part I would 
rather not see government do it. Private enterprise 
is too valuable to be eliminated from railroad build- 
ing and management if it can be avoided. My own 
view, which T express with diffidence, is that it is 
only necessary for government to appoint the gen- 
eral freight agent of every railroad, for he could stop 
-11 rate favoritism at once. Tt would not be his of- 
fice to fix the schedules of rates, hut only to see that 
every one paid the schedule rate, no more and no 
less. The summary dismissal by him of any local 
agent who gave a false rate, and his criminal prose- 
cution by government would soon destroy the evil. 

Some at once cry out that there is no law for this. 
or that it is unconstitutional, as though our laws 
and constitutions were, like those of the Medes and 
Persians, never to be changed. Laws and constitu- 
tions must be changed to conform to changed con- 
ditions. Lincoln said a political constitution should 


The Pacific Outlook 

not outlast a generation in its entirety. Macaulay 
says of the British constitution that though it is 
constantly changing, there never was an instant, of 
time when the chief part of it was not old. 

Up to a short time ago ten per cent of those car- 
ried on our railroads rode free. All of our legis- 
lators and public officials whose aid and good will 
were serviceable to those who controlled the rail- 
roads, and who would accept passes, were given 
them for themselves and friends and corrupted by 
them. And even some of our judges — "tell it not in 
Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon" — had 
their passes or rode in private cars. In England the 
King could not get himself carried free. He would 
be told in the formal but polite British manner that 
it was against the law. The rest of us in this coun- 
try have to pay for the ten per cent carried, free. In 
England the ninety per cent would start a revolu- 
tion that would endanger the throne if the outrage 
on them were not stopped at once. 

Actual payments of rebates by railroads back to 
shippers is seldom done, but the favoritism is done 
in many ways. One way to give favoritism in 
freight rates is by billing goods at one half their 
weight, say. There you see is a rebate of one half 
of the freight rate. Another way is by means of the 
private switches or tracks which connect many 
business places with railroads. One of these little 
roads a quarter of a mile long may get twenty-five 
or even fifty per cent of the freight money charged 
by the railroad it connects with for carrying the 
freight hundreds or thousands of miles. 

One illustration will do. At Hutchinson, Kan- 
sas, were sixteen salt mills owned by separate cor- 
porations. Nine of them united together as a trust, 
and for less than a mile of terminal or switch track 
received fifty per cent of the freight moneys. I do 
not need to tell you that closed up the other seven 
salt mills ; competition was at an end. 

Private cars are another means. You notice by 
looking at passing freight trains that the great 
trusts and business concerns of the country have 
their own freight cars. Well, instead of receiving 
back a vulgar check from the railroad companies 
for rebates of freight moneys paid, they just lease 
these private cars to the railroad companies at ex- 
orbitant rates and get the rebates in that way. 

Another way is to way-bill these cars as of a capa- 
city much less than their acutal capacity. In the 
investigation of the Boston & Albany railroad be- 
fore it was leased to the New York Central railroad 
it was found that the cars of a certain monopoly or 
trust had for years been way-billed for 24,000 
pounds when their capacity by actual measurement 
was 48,000 pounds. 

Another way is to give large commissions to a go- 
between for getting the freight, and he hands the 
commission over to the shipper. 

Another way is by what are called midnight 
tariffs. The railroad company is privately informed 
by a great shipper that he is accumulating and load- 
ing on cars a year's supply of sugar or of oil for 
California or some other locality, and will have it 
ready by a certain day. Thereupon the railroad 
posts the notice to lower the rate required by the 
Interstate Commerce law, so that the required num- 
ber of days are up by the secret date communicated 
by the shipper. On that day the freight is billed at 
the reduced rate and starts off, and up goes the rate 
again. No one else can take advantage of it on the 

nick of time, because no one else has a large quan- 
tity of freight ready for shipment, and it cannot 
be got ready at once. 

Another way is by means of the many little cor- 
porations, owned by the railroad magnates — the red 
line, the blue line, the dispatch line, and so on as 
you see them by watching a train go by. They col- 
lect freight, get the freight money, and the railroad 
companies get only a pittance for hauling their cars. 
This is also a means of intercepting freight money 
and thereby wronging railroad stockholders. If ail 
the freight money of goods hauled by the New York- 
Central company went into the treasury of that 
company instead of being thus intercepted the 
stockholders of that company would be getting a 
dividend more than twice that they get now. 

Judge Gaynor spoke of low rates being given to 
freight coming from foreign countries to offset the 
protective tariff duties and enable such goods to 
come here at all and said : 

"What a humiliating sight it is to see these na- 
tional highways being used to beat the government 
itself, under the favor of which they exist. The gov- 
ernment establishes a tariff on' imports, scaled not 
merely for revenue but for protection of American 
industries. That has been the policy of our govern- 
ment for generations. And yet the persons who 
rule the corporations which run our railroads, oui 
public highways, do not hesitate to give foreign 
goods a freight rate low enough to enable them' to 
come in and be sold at a profit in spite of the pro- 
tective tariff, thereby nullifying the object of the 
tariff. Such goods have been carried at one-sixth 
of the rate on corresponding domestic goods. 
Goods are in that way carried from England and 
Germany to Denver, for example, for a less rate than 
from Chicago to Denver. No wonder a growing 
number of people want the government to take the 

_ * * * 

Political Equality Advocates Organize 

The Westlake Political Equality Club, formed 
January 19, completed its organization last Wednes- 
day afternoon at a meeting held at the home of Mrs. 
Henry C. Dillon, Benton boulevard and Seventh 
street. The membership list received many addi- 
tions and the original club of twelve is likely to 
number hundreds on its rolls, as society women 
who have been indifferent to the equal suffrage 
movement are .manifesting the greatest interest in 
the new organization. Th constitution says ; 

"The object of this club shall be united effort for 
the betterment of political condition through the 
enfranchisement of women. The methods of the 
club shall be informational rather than aggressive, 
the members believing that only a lack of political 
knowledge deprives women of the ballot. All 
women of Los Angeles and vicinity shall be eligible 
to membership on advisement of the membership 

Formed on the broadest lines, the club will pur- 
sue an educational work that is likely to be produc- 
tive of far-reaching results. The officers are : Hon- 
orary president, Madame Caroline M. Severance ; 
president, Mrs. George Drake Ruddy : first vice- 
president, Mrs. Cora R. Shinn ; second vice-presi- 
dent, Mrs. E. R. Bradley; recording secretary, Mrs. 
Oscar Eugene Farish ; corresponding secretary, 
Mrs. Ernest Quinan ; treasurer, Mrs. Henrv C. 

The Pacific Outlook 


• rowing 

Sentiment that This Form of Nuisance Must Go- 
League Proposes to Tax Them to Death 

-Municipal Art 

Members of the Municipal Art League have gained 
new courage in their relentless campaign against 
billboards, since Mayor Harper expressed his in- 
lerest in their work. For two years a Eew earnest 
women have done all in their power to abate what 
is Mile of the worst nuisances in the city. They have 
accomplished much in crystallizing public opinion 
matter long accepted with the indifference that 
attaches to what is unchangeable. Patiently and 
perseveringly the league has preached to citizens 
and appealed to advertisers, but experience has 
■ proved that in this particular case actions speak 
louder than words. A new plan has been outlined 
and it is probable that those who have defied the 
sentiment of the people of Los Angeles will be 
forced to take down their signs, simply because 
they cannot afford to keep them up. 

The watchwords now are: "Tax the billboards 

by signboards than other municipality in the United 
there arc forty miles of these eyesores, while every 
car line extending to the suburbs is marked at short 
distances by hideous announcements concerning $3 
hats, breakfast foods, cocoa, whiskey, corsets, real 
estate bargains and department store special sales. 
No one can ride into the foothills without being 
offended by garish announcements that "we fool the 
sun" or that a certain railway route goes east 
"straight as the crow flies." 

Billboards entreat the public to visit the ostrich 
farm, to take a trip on the kite-shaped track and not 
miss Mount Lowe. Billboards call attention to 
baking powder that is pure and to clearance sales 
by "tailors to men who know." Billboards remind 
the thirsty that pure malt whiskey — "that's all," and 
best bottled beer that makes Milwaukee jealous can 
be had from leading "distributors." Billboards en- 



TA 1 L.O miS to MEN WHO KNOW. 

I2S 130 S.SPRING and Il4'/z S.MAIN ST. 



Glaring Illustration of an Eclipsed Residence 

until their owners are compelled to relinquish 
them." A proposed ordinance now being framed is 
intended to fix the rate of taxation according to the 
number of linear feet occupied, but there are advo- 
cates of the percentage system, which fixes the 
taxes on the earnings of the advertisements. If the 
ordinance should be passed, it would create the 
office of billboard inspector and all billboards would 
be watched with unrelenting care. An effort also 
will be made to prevent signs from being placed 
near to houses or trees wdiere they are a menace in 
case of fire. 

According to statistics furnished by Airs. J. F. 
Kanst of the Municipal Art League, a tax of one 
cent a square foot each quarter would bring the city 
an annual revenue of more than $50,000. 

By a strange inconsistency Los Angeles, the city 
mpst advertised for the picturesqueness of its loca- 
tion, the beauty of its architecture and the charm 
of its semi-tropical trees and flowers, is more marred 

States. It is estimated that within the city limits 
tice the amusement-loving public to theaters. Pic- 
tures of "The Convict's Daughter" and "The Safe 
Blower" entrance the young and corrupt public 
taste. Young women in union suits and young 
women trying on corsets beckon from street and 
highway. Somebody's Consumption Cure, and 
Every Woman's Freckle Lotion praise themselves 
from boulevards and from ranch fences. Nothing 
is too dignified or too contemptible for the billboard 
to advertise. No place is too beautiful or too his- 
toric to be ruined by the greed of the American who 
believes in publicity. 

Old adobes of historic interest are defaced by the 
declaration that the owner will build a sixteen story 
structure "to suit the tenant." Roads lined by 
feathery pepper trees are used for painted reminders 
that it is time to invest in Henry Hustler's sub- 
division. Looking up toward the snow covered 
peaks, the eye rests upon the nearest hillside which 

The Pacific Outlook 

bears a placard declaring that "beach lots are best." 
This being an age when there are no reservations, 
all the secrets of men's and women's masquerading 
devices are shamelessly disclosed. Billboards tell 
where to buy $5 sets of teeth, $3 hair switches and 
the most reliable glass eyes. Young men and youn^, 
women are besought to let Catchem and Company 
furnish a flat on time, while the best thing in laun- 
dry soaps suggests housekeeping trials. 

While it is the peripatetic public that suffers con- 
tinuously from the billboards, the real depths of 
anguish are sounded by the stay-at-home public, 
which stares all day across the street at a young 
woman in a bathing suit who is about to plunge into 
the sea or a Puritan maiden who offers a cup of 

While it is enough to rack any housewife's nerves 
to behold day after day the same horribly painted 
figures, the worst sufferers are those compelled to 
live behind one of the billboards. Near the centei 
of Los Ane~eles can be found many corners so cov- 

GatHering' of the Educators 

It is likely that the National Educational Associa- 
tion convention, which will be held this year in Los 
Angeles from July 8 to July 12, will be one of the 
most memorable meetings in the history of the or- 
ganization. The railroads have granted a rate of 
one fare for the round trip. This of course will be 
plus the membership fee. It is estimated that 20,- 
000 persons from the East will attend the conven- 
tion. California expects to send 5,000 more, while 
the remainder of the coast will be represented by 
another 5,000. Preparations for the entertainment 
of this army of visitors will be made on a large 

* * * 

Not Always in Taste 

Society doubtless will be interested in the an- 
nouncement that Boston may try to inforce a blue 
law dating back of 1632 which forbids decollete 

Another Example of House Obscuration 

ered with signs that the houses next to them are 
darkened and made almost uninhabitable. Property 
owners who are too indifferent or too impecunious 
to improve lots are now permitted to rent them to the 
billposting companies. The man who builds a home 
is helpless in the face of what is manifestly the 
most outrageous trespass upon unwritten laws that 
should be more binding than those printed in the 
code books. 

It is astonishing how long-suffering the inhabit- 
ants of a city can be. Human nature is inclined to 
be selfish, and the man who finds a billboard erected 
against the sunny side of his new cottage completed 
but a few weeks has a point of view on the nuisance 
that he might not have acquired if he had not been 
a sufferer from what he terms "an outrage." 

It has been suggested that men and women cease 
to patronize firms that advertise on billboards, but 
this sort of boycott is necessarily ineffective : it is 
almost impossible to make any wide impression with 
it. A much more direct method is to persuade the 
advertisers not to renew contracts. Through the 
efforts of the league a number of merchants in Los 
Angeles have been made to see the error of their 

gowns, especially those without any sleeves. Even 
in Los Angeles there will be sympathy with a move- 
ment which means a step in the right direction. 
There ought to be a blue law forbidding the wearing 
of decollete bodices, except when the wearer is 

Church and Saloon Combine 
young and beautiful. It should be just as bad taste 

to exhibit an ugly neck as 

it is to hang a bad 

'The Pacific Outlook 



The Farce and Humor of tHe Late "Investigation" to be Followed by the 
Erection of a New System by Local Capitalists 

A month ago the people of Los Angeles who had 
suffered long and severely as the result of what 
lias frequently been charactized as criminal negli- 
gence en the part of the Los Angeles Gas and Elec- 
tric Company fondly hoped that everything pertain- 
ing to the public service supplied by that corpora- 
tion was to undergo a rigid investigation for the 
purpose of determining the causes of the company's 
delinquency and suggesting a remedy. 

The investigation — one of the most wretched 
farces imaginable — is completed. The result is ex- 
actly what might have been anticipated. The 
feeble inquisition was conducted by a committee 
of the City Council headed by a member of that 
body who was put forward by the corporate inter- 
i sts of this city, and who is popularly believed to be 
a devoted friend of his political creators, the South- 
ern Pacific-Gas Trust-Royal Arch combine. This 
committee engaged the services of two experts from 
San Francisco who likewise are generally believed 
to be favorably inclined toward the gas trust. 

The first report of these experts and the com- 
mittee was not acceptable to Mayor Harper, who, 
all through the outrageous travesty, has been sin- 
cere in his desire that a genuine investigation — not 
a farce — should be held, and he insisted that the 
document should be amended so as to contain some 
tangible facts enabling the authorities and the 
aggrieved people to form a practical basis for pro- 
ceedings for relief. The mayor's threat that he 
would give to the public the result of some of his 
own investigations unless the experts and the coun- 
cil committee refrained from formulating a ''white- 
washing" report was productive of some modifica- 
tion in the document, although it is quite apparent 
that the majority of the investigators have done all 
they could to shield the gas trust. They have 
reached certain conclusions and made specific state- 
ments regarding conditions and future prospects 
without proper investigation, it would appear. 
Particularly is this true of the statement that the 
distribution sysem of the company is good. The 
investigators have sorely tried the credulity of the 
people in making any such declaration, for every- 
body knows that they have not had the time to look 
into this feature of the question sufficiently to en- 
able them to arrive at a determination. 

Lincoln once made a remark about fooling the 
people which has become one of the most popular 
of American adages. The gas trust has tried to fool 
the people for a long time, but the limit of popular 
■patience has been reached. The people will be 
fooled no longer. No "investigation" conducted by 
a man who is generally believed to represent the in- 
terests of the corporations in the City Council, with 
the assistance of an expert or experts employed by 
a California gas company, will satisfy. The council 
committee made a great mistake, in the first place, 
by seeking the assistance of men who had ever been 
connected with a gas company in California. The 
proper thine to have done would have been to call 
upon experts from another state. The additional 
expense "f securing the services of such authorities 

would have been borne cheerfully by the people. 
As it is, the time and money, while not actual!) 
wasted, have not produced results that are in any 
sense satisfactory to the consumers of gas in Los 
Vngeles. The one principal recommendation of the 
investigators — that it is up to the city authorities 
to attend to the punishment of the gas trust — is a 
choice bit of humor. We all knew that before the 
inquisition was inaugurated. It certainly is the 
duty of the city authorities to begin proceedings 
against the iniquitous gas monopoly without delay. 
The best procedure will lie in an immediate applica- 
tion for the dissolution of the company and the for- 
feiture of its franchises — if it has any franchises to 
forfeit. Nobody knows. 

In connection with this question the intelligence 
that everything points to the early incorporation of 
another gas company with abundant capital is most 
pleasing. A number of well-known local capitalists 
have agreed to the organization, the capital stock 
will be fixed at ten millions of dollars, and a three- 
million-dollar plant will be erected. Lieutenant 
Randolph Miner, one of the promoters of the new 
enterprise, is quoted as saying that one of the first 
steps of the new company will be to secure the ser- 
vices of a gas expert of world-wide repute, who 
will plan the undertaking for the company. "The 
plant will be up-to-date," says Lieutenant Miner, 
' and contain many new features and improvements. 
AYe think that the city has grown large enough to 
support two large gas companies. We will make ali 
possible haste to erect and complete the plant." 

That the people need not anticipate child's play 
is indicated by the personnel of the new company. 
Those who have been elected directors are J. F. 
Sartori, T- E. Fishburn, Randolph Miner, H. W. 
Frank, W. M. Garland, W. E. McVay, W. S. Bart- 
lett, M. S. Hellman. W. D. Woolwine, E. T. Stim- 
son, H. Jevne. W. F. P.otsford and O. T. Johnson. 
Among the others "who have subscribed for stock- 
are M. N. Avery, J. F. Andrews, C. E. Anthonv, 
A. H. Braly. R.' A. Rowan, A. C. Bilicke. L. C. 
Brand. P. R. Wilson, W. A. Barker, W. C. Price, 
Dr. 1. R. Havnes, W. D. Longyear, C. H. Toll, F. S. 
Hicks. Milo Potter, C. W. Gates, J. E. Cook, F. W. 
Lvon, E. B. Tufts, Dr. Bert Ellis. M. H. Newmark, 
E; J. Marshall. R. G. Beebe. Harrv Gray, Wilcox 
estate. A. H. Wilcox, H. W.- O'Melvenv. Ellis & 
Church. A. L. Cheney, L. D. Sale. J. H. Braley, H. 
M. Robinson. Dr. West Hughes, O. A. Trippett and 
R. I. Rogers. 

The death knell of the abominable gas monopoly 
in Los Angeles has been sounded. Its end would 
have come long since had not a corporation-owned 
City Council, at the behest of the trust, relentlessly 
pursued the Lowe company, employing every pos- 
sible means to defeat it in its efforts to supply the 
residents of Los Angeles with gas of a superior 
quality at a reasonable rate of compensation. The 
people have awakened. They are enraged. They 
are determined to punish the monopoly for il< extor- 
tion and its destruction of ^11 competition thus far. 
The next thing in order is for some rising poet 


The Pacific Outlook 

iaureate to compose a paean of praise and thanks- 
giving for rendition by some three hundred thousand 
or more happy people when they are finally released 
irom the thralldom of the arrogant and tyrannical 

Forewarned is forearmed. Los Angeles has had 
a. dear experience, and it should profit thereby in 
its dealings with the new company. The City 
Council should insist, in conferring a franchise upon 
the new corporation, that it make every possible 
provision against a recurrence of the disastrous 
faux pas of the past. It should insist that the com- 
pany build a plant and distributing system sufficient 


for the needs of a city of a million or more inhabit- 
ants, and it should provide for adequate penalties 
in the event that the new company fails to provide 
gas of an excellent quality, in ample quantity, all 
of the time, to all consumers. The men back of the 
new venture are all citizens of Los Angeles, and 
man}' of them have given us repeated proof of their 
high public spirit and inclination toward fairness 
and justice. , Consequently not only may none of 
them be expected to object to the adoption of rigid 
measures for the protection of gas consumers, but 
all doubtless will insist that such action be taken. 
In this way the company will have made a good 
start, with public confidence strongly back of it. 


A. Subject of tHe MiKado, Residing' in. Los'eles, Corrects Some Misappre- 
hensions Reg'arding Japanese Laws Affecting Americans 

By a Japanese Servant 

The term "Japanese servant," employed by the 
apt to mislead readers of the Pacific Outlook, and 
planation. The writer, while actually engaged as 
young man of scholarly attainments. He is a gradu 
traveled extensively, and has enjoyed exceptional 
manners and customs, as well as American laws, 
accepted as a fact, that foreigners are not allowed 
are discriminated against in not being allowed to 
elucidated in the following contribution. The edi 
of the writer, preferring to allow him to employ his 
apprehensions to which reference is made. — The 

It is not new to say that there are a great many 
mistakes about a land, wherever it may be, made by 
foreign observers, and so with Japan. Especially 
when the public knowledge of it is formed mainly 
from the newspaper reports, which are very often 
in mistakes. 

The difference of language, of customs and man- 
ners ; consequently the difficulties in social inter- 
course ; with all these conditions it is enough to 
make both sides keen to the other's differences and 
faults, and become blind to the resemblances of each 
other. These differences and faults often give en- 
tirely opposite impressions to the foreign observers, 
according to their glasses of imagination. 

To the lover of natural beauty and deep-hidden, 
unshowy tastes, Japan is a land of an infinite bliss 
(so it is said by some), though it may be partly at- 
tributable to their peculiar glasses, which seem to 
have a power of imagination, which creates and 
adds certain charms to the natural beauty. They 
watch things with intense love of beauty and na- 
turally overlook unwholesome spots. On the other 
hand take the glass of suspicion and hatred to your 
eyes, quaint-looking domes and villages may at once 
be the objects of disgust — all beauty disappears and 
ugliness takes its place. 

If we are aware that the misunderstandings are 
the root of every difficulty it is our duty to try to 
remove them. Among the numerous misstatements 
made \iy some newspapers lately, connected with 
the Japanese question, there are two things that I 
have here to try to explain and correct. Those are: 
First, the foreigners are not allowed to enter the 
public schools in Japan; second, the foreigners are 
not allowed to own land in Japan. If these state- 

contributor of the following interesting article, is 
for that reason it is desired to offer a word of ex- 
a servant in a well-known family in this city, is a 
ate of an American college of high standing, has 
opportunities for gaining an insight into American 
The impression has gone forth, and has been widely 
to enter the schools of Japan, and that Americans 
own land in the Island Empire. These points are 
tor has made no attempt to correct the manuscript 
own interesting style in calling attention to the mis- 

merits be true and unconditional, we are placed in a 
very awkward position. But that there exists no 
such limitation or law in our school system is be- 
yond question. 

The fact that there are a great many Chinese, 
Koreans, Siamese and Indian students attending 
our public schools will be enough to prove that 
there is no law forbidding foreigners to enter into 
public schools in Japan. As to the absence of the 
white children in public schools in Japan, it does 
not, in the least, show the existence of such a law, 
but it only explains that no white people ever at- 
tempted to enter public schools in Japan. I wonder, 
really, if it ever occurred to the minds of American 
parents to give the Japanese education to their chil- 
dren, with all Japanese language, books and ap- 
paratus. I hope it has, but the fact denies. Second- 
ly, the foreigners are not allowed to own land in 
Japan. Before I attempt to explain this case, I must 
consider that the two same deeds may be done from 
entirely different motives. 

Before Japan opened her gates to the world, the 
nation's wealth was lower than now, but it was 
more equally divided among the people and they 
were more thrifty and enjoyed their life. At the 
opening of modern Japan, people were not onlv 
economically poor, but also lacked in experience 
and ability in business enterprises, which may be 
perhaps attributed to their seclusion through the 
ages. This sudden awakening was made only forty 
years ago — no wonder if it is in a state of confusion 
and disorder — and. moreover, during these forty 
years we were constantly watching the movements 
of the Powers, especially of China and Russia, and, 
prepared for eventuality. For Japan, at that time, 

The Pacific Outlook 

newly born and practically defenseless, and th« 
Powers looked more or less for a chance to satisfy 
their greediness. If we were not always kept pre- 
pared, not only our progress might have been hin- 
dered, but our national dignity threatened. Worlds 
are apt to forget how dangerous the black mark 
was. after it is wiped off. hut we must remember 
that once it had been, and the moment our eyes 
were off, it would have grown to a formidable 
gravity beyond all our strength. But through all 
these trials and dangers we came out safehj . 

Reader, in such conditions we could live con- 
tented, even with scanty means, but bow could we 
drive into, or mix them with, the other nations, 
stout from unceasing contest and strife ; with wealth 
achieved by commerce and inventions? 

Suppose a few enterprising Americans come to 
Japan and occupy all the mines and factories all 
over the country, what could our people do but 
servitude? If such a consequence is possible, what 
else could be done to avoid it, but by the law? A 
plant grown under a shelter could never stand sud- 
denly against rain and storm. When the land is 
higher than the water, we need not build a dike to 
avoid the influx of the water, but if the land is lower 
we need it. 

The law that forbids the foreigners to own land 
in Japan applies equally to the most favored na- 
tions as well as the others, without any distinctions 
of races or nationalities. 

The Californians might no doubt claim similar 
reasons for excluding the Japanese. But the case is 
contrary. The United States, with its vast area of 
uncultivated land, simply waits for its development. 
The fear that the Japanese might control the future 
of California is only too far beyond conception. 
Therefore, the motive with which Japan forbids the 
foreigners to own land would not be conceivable to 
apply to the country with its almost unlimited re- 

As time rolls on, we will learn more about each 
other. Our intercourse has been a short duration, 
yet we have already learned so much, and how long 
should this last? A hundred years? Or a thousand 
years? Nay, there is no limit in our relation! 
Through these years we have to learn to be more 
friendly and true, and all frictions and troubles will 
disappear before time's ceaseless process, as ice 
melts before the sun. 

* * * 

Metamorphosis of Bryan 

When an immense Los Angeles audience greeted 
William Jennings Bryan last Monday evening in 
Simpson Auditorium, it was apparent that the years 
had wrought great changes in the most spectacular 
figure in American politics. It was a sturdy, frankly 
middle-aged speaker who walked on the platform 
to talk about "The Old World and Its Ways." The 
large face had in it heavy lines that indicated the 
crystallization of character rather than the wear of 
everyday responsibilities. The heavy jaw and firm 
mouth announced that there had been a metamor- 
phosis which had produced a conservative man of 
affairs. Even the voice told the story of evolution. 
The old fire and fervor were missed. With the van- 
ishing of youth had gone much of the peculiar 
charm of personality, the almost fanatical intensity 
ol" spirit. Yet, counting by the conventional meas- 
urement of time, Mr. Bryan is not old, but he has 

lived much in his fort} irs. lie ha.- burned 

the flame of life generously. His two campaigns 

lor President of the United States were the most 
terrible physical tax that any man could endure. 
and, while the twice-defeated candidate has pre 
served his health, he has paid the price for what 
■ s called fame. 

The lecture on "The Old World and Its Ways" 
proved to be merely a desultory talk. It was only 
when Mr. Bryan spoke of politics that the old wit 
i lashed forth most brightly. After Judge D. K. 
Trask, chairman of the evening, had introduced him 
as the most distinguished man in all the world, he 
showed his old quickness at repartee by declaring 
that a public man needed the compliments of his 
friends to counteract the unkind things that arc 
said about him by his enemies and he added: 
"When some mean Republican says things about 
me, I shall remember the words I heard tonight.'' 
Then he declared that he was glad to make a speech 
outside of politics, which he felt called upon to 
discuss less frequently than formerly because 
events continually occurring made the Democratic 
point of view obvious. With a smile he said: 

"I am afraid to say the things I used to, because 
people will think I am plagiarizing from President 
Roosevelt." Later is his peroration he paid tri- 
bute to the country which takes up its own rulers 
and puts them down again at pleasure and "some- 
times puts them down before they have been taken, 
up." This reference to his own defeats was quickly 
seen and laughed at. 

Through all the lecture ran the thread of his 
dominant thought, for, after all, he is a citizen who 
aspires to the presidency. Always he unconsciously 
views himself as the man of destiny. In telling of 
his visit to a certain datto in the Philippines he said 
it was asked how many guns should be fired as a 
salute for the American. As Mr. Bryan held no 
official position this point of etiquette was left tc 
the discretion of the datto. "When I counted 
twenty-one guns, the number designated for the 
President, I felt pleased," confessed the speaker, 
'and when forty-two guns were fired I thought it 
a delicate dint about a second term. But sixty- 
three puzzled me, and when I counted one hundred, 
the performance lost-its significance." 

Mr. Bryan's description of his visits to the mon- 
archs of the world were most amusing, especially 
after the press dispatches, wdiich gave the impres- 
sion that he had spent hours in hearing the secrets 
of each power. The court of Sweden, youngest of 
all, proved to be the most exacting in its etiquette, 
and. attired in his dress suit in the morning, he made 
a bow that startled the young king, "For," he ex- 
plained, "I was never so much embarrassed in mv 

Beneath all the running comment appeared ever 
the graver realization of life. Tenacious of his old 
religious beliefs, even as he is tenacious of his old 
political opinions, he preached faith in God and 
reliance on the Christianity that has made the world 
better. His patriotism and his religion colored all 
that he saw so vividly that his observations were dis- 
tinctly typical of the loyal American, who fares 
forth to see the world and to discover that his own 
place upon the globe is best of all. 

If the years have robbed Mr. Bryan of the fire 
and the enthusiasm of youth, wdiich dares all things. 
<hev have still left him the ideals that belong to 

The Pacific Outlook 

the poetic time of early manhood. He quoted John 
Boyle O'Reilly's words: "For the dreamer lives 
forever and the toiler dies in a day," and made 
earnest appeal for a turning away from the grossly 
utilitarian standards which rule the world in the 
beginning of the new century. 

When the voice, which has charmed thousands — 
the voice of the most applauded as the leading 
orator of America — has ceased, there was the im- 
pression that it had translated the thoughts of one 
who has withdrawn permanently from the world of 
action. The period of leisure that has followed Mr. 
Bryan's last canvass has made his a philosopher. 
As the Cincinnatus of Nebraska he speaks forcibly 
to the people whom he hopes to represent in the 
first office of the land, but while he. has been wait- 
ing for his great opportunity, President Roosevelt 
has been working, and the youngest president of 
the United States is, strange to say. two years 
older than the middle-aged man who represents 
the hopes of the Democratic party. 

* * * 

The Free Harbor Fight 

The harbor committee, Los Angeles Chamber of 
Commerce, composed of William D. Stephens, 
chairman; F. O. Story, J. O. Koepfli, W. C. Men- 
denhall, Bradner W. Lee, C. D. Willard and W. J. 
Hunsaker, has undertaken a monumental task in its 
endeavor to secure from the federal authorities a 
pledge that the Greater Los Angeles shall have an 
absolutely free harbor and that Wilmington shall 
not be shut off from the frontage of the inner har- 
bor. The committee has sent to Captain A. A. 
Fries, government engineer, a second protest 
against the granting of the request of the Banning 
company and the Southern Pacific for permission 
to carry out the peninsula plan for the inner harbor. 

In its letter of protest the committee, after re- 
viewing the steps taken by the corporation to gain 
complete control' of the only harbor possibility on 
this part of the coast,' says: 

"We believe that the title to the greater part of 
the area affected by the plan (title to which is now 
claimed by one or more of the petitioners) can by 
proper actions at law (some of which have already 
been instituted by this, chamber) be declared to be 
vested in the state, and that then it will be possible 
to develop a free harbor in the vast basin. 

"We believe, further, that if the petitioners' re- 
quest is granted and their plans are carried out, the 
claim to private ownership in the tide lands will 
be so greatly strengthened that dispossession will 
become difficult, and that then practically all lands 
abutting on the harbor lines as finally established 
by the government for the future inner harbor will 
become fixed in private or corporate control, with 
great resulting injury to public interests. 

"In the plan as proposed none of the area to be 
filled is to be set aside for public uses : all the 
waterways will be surrounded by private holdings 
and Wilmington will be separated from deep water 
by a strip of land in private ownership, through 
which she could have access to the water front only 
along her streets. 

"The public control over this situation, through 
the power over wharf franchises in the strip be- 
tween the bulkhead and pierhead lines, is not suffi- 
cient to insure commercial freedom. The adoption 
of the plan would, in brief, definitely- bar the pub- 

lic from an effective voice in the control of the great 
east basin. 

"Again, we feel that the possibility of securing 
federal aid for harbor construction would be seri- 
ously jeopardized by the granting- of this petition, 
because the policy of the government in harbor 
matters is clearly against the expenditure of public 
moneys where the chief beneficiaries are private in- 
terests rather than public. 

"Finally, we believe that permits may be issued 
for immediate improvements which will not inter- 
fere with the future comprehensive federal plan, 
but will be fully as effective in relieving the present 
inadequate harbor facilities, as would the grant- 
ing of the petitioner's prayer." 

It is very evident that if the plans of the South- 
ern Pacific and affiliated corporations to take pos- 
session of our only harbor are to be defeated, des- 
perate work is needed. The Chamber of Commerce 
may be depended upon to do everything in its 
power to safeguard the interests of Los Angeles 
and tributary territory, but with the powerful ad- 
verse influence at work in Washington and a Con- 
gressional delegation a part of which is known to be 
distinctly friendly to these corporations, it is a great 
pity that we are not able to maintain some sort of 
a popular lobby at the capital until this vital harbor 
question shall have been settled for all time. 
* * * 
Russo's Popularity 

Domenico Russo, the Italian tenor who claims 
Los Angeles as his home, is receiving much praise 
in San Francisco, where he is singing with the 
Lambardi Opera Company. The Evening Post 
says of him : 

"Russo is too good a stage manager, is too great 
an expert in handling audiences to fail to win 
tumultuous applause whenever he appears. But 
Russo's voice, during the last few years, has gradu- 
ally become stronger and stronger until now it is 
adapted for the most powerful dramatic roles. In 
his lower register he is almost as strong as a bari- 
tone. Taking all this into consideration, it is won- 
derful that he should have retained the sweetness ■ 
and the clearness of his upper notes. Russo's act- 
ing of the Duke was always excellent and always ' 
elicited applause. The enthusiasm with which his ' 
rendering of 'La Donna e Mobile' was greeted was 
even more apparent in the ever popular quartette 
which was dominated by Russo." 
* * * 
Therapeutic Value of Thought 

Mrs. Ursula N. Gestefeld, one of the best-known 
teachers in the United States, will deliver a series 
of lectures in Blanchard Music Hall, beginning 
Tuesday, February 5. Taking- "The Science of- Be- 
ing" as her topic, Mrs. Gestefeld will speak on 
"What is God?", "What Am I?", "Why Do I Ex- 
ist?", "What is the Place and Value of the Phenom- 
enal World?" and "The Constructive Power of 
Self". This well-known lecturer has been heard at 
a number of the leading women's clubs in Los An- 
geles and she has made many friends. She is elo- 
quent and fascinating in her manner and her talks 
promise to be of deep interest, as they touch on the 
possibilities of healing through thought. The 
patronesses are : Madame Caroline M. Severance, 
Mrs. Florence Collins Porter, Mrs. Mary Russell 
Mills. Mrs. Eliza Tupper Wilkes and Mrs. Ella 
Giles Riiddv. 

f h e Pacific Outlook 


The Realm of Spiritual Love 
After the analysis of Ibsen's "A Doll's House" 
,veek by Elmer Harris, the San Francisco 
and playwright, the members of the Fridaj Ai 

i lub went to tln-ir homes with abundant food 

for thought. Mr. Harris is still a young man. He 

has great dramatic power and a fine intelligence. 

Moreover, he has the courage of his convictions and 

speaks what he believes to be the truths con- 

ceniing life with frankness and fearlessness. He 
said a few words of introduction and then read from 
the play that he declared had grown in popularity 
because of its "tremendous cosmic significance." 
He described Nora as "delightfully feminine, that is, 
fitfully oversexed, resorting to all the time- 
honored devices of purring, cooing, clinging and 
pouting for the extortion of pin money." Mr. Harris 
explained Ibsen's theory of individualism, which the 
dramatist believed ought to kill society, "which is 
the hospital for the weak-kneed, which reduces all 
mankind to the level of the majority, or the level of 
mediocrity, and thus postpones the millenium of 
genius." The speaker declared that the first com- 
mandment of Ibsen's individual anarchism is "Thou 
shalt have no other God before thyself" and added 
that if Ibsen prayed his prayer would have been 
something after this fashion: "Oh, God, make bad 
people good and good people nice." 

Speaking of the end of the play. w"hen the door 
had closed on Xora as she went out from her hus- 
band's house. Mr. Harris said: "The reverberation 
of that closed door has echoed over the housetops 
of the world. 'A Doll's House' is one of the most 
vital attempts ever made through the medium of the 
drama to lift marriage into what Ibsen calls 'the 
realm of the third empire', the realm of spiritual 
love between man and woman. And it must be re- 
membered that spiritual love, as understood bv 
Ibsen, is never platonic love. Without the thrill 
and flutter of passion, no affinity between the sexes 
should be dignified by the name of love, nor is 
physical predilection alone worthy of that distinc- 
tion. The play is not to be construed as preaching 
emancipation from marriage but emancipation in 

* * * 

The Woman's Orchestra 

Announcement that the Woman's Orchestra of 
Los Angeles, composed of fifty pieces, would give 
a concert in Simpson Auditorium, Monday evening. 
February II, as a testimonial to the director, Har- 
ley Hamilton, has put the public on the qui vive 
and has caused a brisk demand for tickets. No one 
has done more to awaken the musical spirit of Los 
Angeles than Mr. Hamilton, whose work with the 
Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra has made him a 
public benefactor. The concert has received the in- 
dorsement of the directors of the Symphony Or- 
chestra, the Gamut Club and the Dominant Club. 
■ The Woman's Orchestra was organized by Mr. 
Hamilton a number of years ajjo with twenty play- 
ers, and the organization has studied continuously 
along serious lines. The ideals of the orchestra are 
high, and it now may be said with assurance that it 
is fast reaching its ambition to lie a symphony or- 
chestra for women in which leading professional 
and amateur musicians may unite for the accom- 
plishment of the best in musical interpretation. 
The soloists for the concerts are Madame Lisa 

Menasco, first 'cellist of the orchestra, and Harry 
-ill Loit. the baritone singer. 

The officers of the orchestra are: Miss t ora Foy, 

president; Miss (.race Dering, vice-president; Mrs. 

Harry Cardcll. secretary; Miss Jennie Jones, trea 
urer. 1 he officers and Airs. Hugh L. Macneil, Miss 

Beatrice Atkins and Miss Alary Mullins constitute 
the board of directors. The following are members 
of the orchestra : 

Mrsi violins — Misses Edna Foy, concert master; 
Beatrice Atkins, Grace Dering, Daisy Walters, 
Laura Mabel Johnson, Florence L. Paine, Bessie, 
I'lihrer. Mrs. Lena Wilson Rebard, Airs. Louise 
Macneil, Airs. Robert Lanpiehar. Airs. Clyde Mar- 
tin Welsh, Airs. Maria Thresher Webb. 

Second violins — .Misses Alary Mullins, Edith 
Bonita MacDonald, Sadie Stanton, Ruth Hamlin, 
Evelyn Mason, Dora Reher, Lois Burns. Mary G. 
Reed, Aliss Burlingame, Airs. Ednah Smitheran, 
Mrs. Nellie Kimball. 

Violas — Airs. Clarence Cook, Mrs. A. A. Shan, 
.Misses Susie A. Webb, Alarion Norris, Aliss Burns. 

Violoncellos — Aladame Elsa Menasco, Airs. H. 

Miss Epna Foy 
H. Parker. Aliss Ludema Say re, Aliss Lisa Fuhrer, 
Aliss Burns. 

Double bass — Alis- Florence Longley, Aliss Vir- 
ginia Millar. Airs. Harold G. Simpson. 

Flutes — Misses Gertrude Jones, May Ludlow, 
Florence Thresher. 

Oboes — Aliss Gertrude Barrett, Air-. A. D. 

Clarinets — Aliss Jennie L. [ones, Aliss Jennie 
Belle Doyle. 

Cornets — Miss Florence Dewilte. Airs. Harry 
Cardell, Aliss Florence Gower. 

Horns — Aliss Alarion Collier. Aliss Stark. 

Trombones — Aliss A. Pefferle. Aliss Aliller. 

Tvmpani — Aliss Cora Foy. 

Drums — Aliss Wenona Huntley. 

Piano — Airs. Jessie Small. 

Harp — Aliss Johanna Kinsinger. 

The Pacific Outlook 


The Wagner Paintings 

Rob Wagner's exhibition of portraits this week 
at the Steckel gallery interested many persons, who 
realized that a painter of more than ordinary gifts 
challenged attention. Mr. Wagner shows eleven 
canvases, each of which is an interesting study, 
inasmuch as the artist has not permitted himself to 
be limited by conventional lines. Each subject is 
approached from an individual point of view and 
the result is invariably successful. 

When the canvases have been examined with a 
sincere desire of understanding the artist, it is dis- 
covered that each reveals a definite meaning. The 
central purpose of character delineation is adhered, 
to without care for minor considerations and there 
is much cleverness in the posing and the handling 
of the subjects. 

Mention of pose brings one without delay to the 
portrait of Stewart Edward White, the author. This 
life-size study introduces Mr. White in the costume 

Portrait of "Sister," bv Rob Wagner 

he wears out of doors in his mountain trips, and it 
has given the painter opportunity to prove that tex- 
tures offer no difficulties to him. The head is beau- 
tifully modeled and the face, clear-cut and refined, 
expresses alertness, keenness"and sensitiveness. The 
flesh tones are brilliant and the shadows admirably, 
managed. One feels that the wind has brought the 
ruddy glow to the cheeks and the impression of 
<ntense vitality is given. The man's spirit is re- 
vealed with peculiar insight, and the body speaks 
^uite as plainly as the face, since its muscular 

strength, its good proportions and its lightness or 
pose tell of a high-strung nervous organization and 
an active mind. It is a portrait that haunts the 
memory and makes all who see it feel as if the man 
himself had crossed the line of vision. 

In contrast to the treatment, of the full-length 
portrait of Mr. White is the head of Edwin S. 
Denby, member of congress and man of affairs. 
The artist, has here done a fine piece of realistic 
work. One looks into the thoughtful face of Mr. 
Denby and finds there will power, determination, 
force. There is no attempt at the introduction of 
any accessory — the head tells the whole story. 
Quite different from it in treatment is the canvas 
from which Dr. Doremus of Santa Barbara looks 
forth. Here is the professional man with the power 
of concentration, the man who is a scientist and at 
the same time a student of human nature. 

Two portraits of women will hold visitors fasci- 
nated. Nothing could be more at variance than the 
types and the treatment of the types. Madame 
W represents a rich womanhood in which in- 
telligence, emotion and love of life blend charm- 
ingly. The face is partly in the shadow, but the 
clear-cut profile, the turn of the head and the line 
of the lip give the keynote of character. There is 
a luminous quality in the flesh tints that would 
make the picture noteworthy even if it were not 
admirable in drawing, color and feeling. Miss Jus- 
tine Moran is distinctly a girl of the period. She is 
the embodiment of the Twentieth Century young 
woman who is conscious of her own charm. Quite 
mistress of herself, she glances out beneath long 
drooping eyelids, her small 'oval face piquante and 
alluring below the brim of her picturesque hat. She 
has the long neck and delicate features that have 
been accepted as indicative of our new American 
aristocracy. Mr. Wagner has made the most of his 
subject. There are no fine reservations similar to 

those that make the portrait of Madame W 

suggestive of all sorts of potentialities. The subject 
has the charm of youth, which throws down the 
gauntlet to life. Aside from the face, which is full 
of spirit, there is much to be praised in the handling 
of the draperies. In both these portraits of women, 
Mr. Wagner has done wonders in making furs most 
effective accessories to the outdoor costumes chosen 
by the sitters. 

Naturally children present great attractions to 
the portrait painter. Two that are so different from 
each other that it is almost impossible to think of 
them as the work of the same man show the artist's 
versatility. "Sisters" is delightfully modern. A 
little girl clad in a white frock stands in a natural 
and graceful position. She has a beautiful face and 
golden hair. She is a wholesome, healthy little maid 
with rather a serious expression on her face. While 
the picture is painted broadly, detail is introduced 
with an art that adds much to the picturesque illu- 
sion. The other portrait, that of "Little Miss H." 
of Santa Barbara, belongs to another period in art.' 
It is first of all a most extraordinary picture, judging 
it aside from its value as a portrait. It might be- 
long to one of the galleries of Great Britain, and it 
reminds one of the picture of some little princess 

of long ago. It is a strange =—-1 child that here 

engages the painter's talents: it is -n eery, elusive 
personality that is caught. This child of dreams be- 
longs to the world of poetry and Mr. Wagner has 
succeeded in going near enough to her mysterious 

The Pacific Outlook 

world to portraj the character of the tiny maid. 
i (nly the artist of strong individuality, the psychol- 
. would have been able to succeed in depicting 
thi> delightful little child. The portrait of Nathan 
Bentz strikes the keynote of the busy life. Here is 
(he wideawake business man. trained to commercial 
activities. This canvas, simply handled, is distinc- 
tive and forceful. Last of all Ensign Broadhead 
should not be forgotten. Here is another piece of 
direct, strong work. Like the other portraits it 
is a picture in the best sense of the word. 

The Los Angeles public should not miss the op- 
portunity of becoming acquainted with the work 
of a painter who will achieve much in the future. 
All of Mr. Wagner's work is sincere, virile and con- 
vincing. The exhibition will continue through next 

Fine Arts Association 

The American Fine Arts Association galleries in 
the Blanchard huilding are attracting many visitors. 
Here R. A. Bernstein, who has a fine critical taste 
and a keen appreciation of art. displays the best 
work of contemporary painters and artists of the 
past. Among the treasures exhibited recently are 
several of great value. Of special interest is the 
room devoted to the California artists. Here is to 
be seen a poppy field by Benjamin Brown, who now 
and then paints the valleys of gold as a pleasant 
pastime after more ambitious work. Joseph Green- 
baum's "Girl in Brown" has a place on the walls, 
and Martin Jackson is represented by several small 
canvases. A study of the Capistrano mission by 
Frank Sauerwen draws attention to one of the lead- 
ing artists of the coast. Since his return from New 
Mexico Mr. Sauerwen has not exhibited his pic- 
tures, but he has been busy in his studio on West 
Adams street. "In the Oraibi Plaza," the famous 
Indian picture by Louis Aiken, has been much ad- 
mired. One of the best pictures in the big gallery 
is E. Irving Couse's "Sheep at Glorieta," a wonder- 
ful painting by one of the foremost Americans. 

Art Notes 

Charles Rollo Peters will show his recent work 
next month. 

William Wendt will exhibit his recent painting 
at his studio on Sichel street, beginning next 

John A. Donovan of Santa Barbara has come to 
Los Angeles with his friend Rob Wagner, and the 
two artists will open studios as soon as the right 
piaccs can be found. Mr. Donovan will exhibit a 
few of his beautiful marines in the Gould gallcrv 
in xt month. 

* * * 

Fine Field for Dowieism 

Wilbur Glenn Voliva, erstwhile right hand man 
of John Alexander Elijah the Prophet Dowie, but 
more recently the whole thing in Zion, Lake county. 
Ills., is said to be headed for the Pacific Coast with 
the intention of establishing a new headquarters 
for the Holy City founded by the recently deposed 
Elijah II. Voliva ought to come to Los Angeles. 
\'o city on the whole coast — or, for that matter, irj 
the entire country — offers so many advantages for 
the propagation of "new" truths respecting religion, 
politics, ethics and isms. More cultists and faddists 

have found a s.iu haven in the fascinating City of 
Vngels than in an\ other town of its size in Amer- 
ica. And they succeed in their calling line. loo. 

\ oliva doubtless is aware of that fact ; but if he is 

not. a brief study of the idiosyncrasies of a propor- 
tion of our population will convince him that right 
here is the most fertile field for his propaganda. 
* * * 

Ready to H.icK 

"Gracious !" exclaimed the pretty girl, as she 
returned to the parlor. "Papa says he has been 
sitting in one position so long waiting to see when 
you left that his foot has gone to sleep." "Thank 
goodness." breathed the late-staying suitor. "Let 
us hope it is his right one." — Chicago News. 




Instruction in drawing and painting from life. Classes from 9 to 12 a. 
m. daily, and from 7:30 to 10 on Monday, Wednesday and Friday Evenings 

Hanson Puthuff and Antony E. Anderson 
. ... DIRECTORS ... 

407 Blanchard Hall 

Send for free circular 


■ Designers 




The Latest Things in Novelty Suitings. Fancy Vestings and 
Handsome Trouseiings 


Loft 2 343 Sooth Broadway 

The Pacific Outlook 

Furnishing the Home 

Inasmuch as Southern California has become fa- 
mous for the charm and originality of its homes, it is 
interesting to study the work of the artists, archi- 
tects and decorators who are using their talents 
in combining the useful and beautiful. The local 
standard of esthetic taste is exacting, for the most 
cultured men and women from all parts of this 
country and Europe have come to this coast to 
build residences that shall be the realizations of 
their dream palaces. To supply their needs, the 
rarest specimens of old furniture, exquisite tapes- 


i rt tt 


'* ^^w '■■ 



pi l& 


,. f) 




/ ] 



In ' 

Jbk 1 ' dm 


Rare Pieces of Great Value 
tries, beautiful pieces of bric-a-brac, and in fact a 
complete line of what would be termed artistic 
house furnishings have been brought to Los An- 
geles by McCann, Allen & Company, the well- 
known collectors and decorators, whose exhibition 
rooms are at 412 South Hill Street. Their goods 
are displayed in such a manner as to give one the 
impression of a series of museum galleries and 
painters' studios. 

Here are gathered wonderfully carved tables, 
chairs, etc. — either genuine antiques or correct re- 
productions of same — towering candlesticks wrought 

by ancient craftsmen, and brocades once worn by 
royalty. Curiously ornamented desks and cabinets, 
and mirrors that have reflected bygone beauties, are 
assembled in picturesque, groups. These are em- 
ployed with consummate skill in giving the keynote 
to rooms that are reproductions of the best in the 
different periods — French, English or Spanish, as 
the choice may be. 

Under the direction of J. B. Holtzclaw, who has 
surrounded himself with the finest artists and crafts- 
men to be had, McCann, Allen and Company have 
been able to achieve marvelous results in the fur- 
nishing of homes. A visit to their establishment 
is quite interesting, as well as instructive. Among 
the innumerable pieces of rare old furniture and 
antiques of many descriptions, perhaps none are 
more valued or interesting than the old Spanish 
pieces procured in the heart of Old Mexico. These 
include everything from fine old vestments to 
ancient serapes, from the rarest ecclesiastical can- 
dlesticks to the most elaborately embroidered cos- 

Some idea of the value of these relics of bygone 
times may be obtained from a pair of candlesticks 
of hammered gold beaten on copper and valued at 
$5,000. Of course, prices for all these pieces are not 
high, for, strange to say, curios of value may be ob- 
tained in Los Angeles at much lower figures than 
are asked for them in New York or other eastern 

A special feature of this business and one that 
has met with gratifying success is the finely 
equipped work-shop maintained in San Francisco, 
where the finest of hand-made furniture can be 
executed to the satisfaction of the most critical. 
Without doubt, this plant is the most completely 
equipped of its kind west of the great cities of the 
east. A large force of skilled cabinet workers, car- 
vers, upholsterers and decorators make it possible 
to handle anything in the line of cabinet work, up- 
holstery and drapery work, even to the entire re- 
modeling of a home, where artistic effects are 

The real scope of what is called interior decora- 
tion is best understood when it is explained that in 
order to achieve perfect harmonies, the decorator 
who undertakes to furnish a home begins with the 
wood-work and ends with the arranging of pictures 
and bric-abrac. His great assistance to his client 
is his resourcefulness. , 

In Los Angeles, Pasadena, Redlands, Riverside, 
Santa Barbara and all the cities of Southern Cali- 
fornia, the magic of artists who have had the cour- 
age to believe that there is a demand for wha t the 
judgment of the centuries has declared to be the 
best in household furnishings and decorations has 
achieved superb results. As rn educational in- 
fluence, the rooms of McCann, Allen and Company 
are to be considered in the same class as the art 

The Pacific Outlook 

Madame Schumann-Heink 

The evening of January 24 was made memorable 
to the music loving public of Los Angeles by the 
appearance of Madame Schumann-Heink at the 
Simpson Auditorium. The programme was one 
worthy of such a consummate artist and it need 
scarcely be said that the rendition was beyond 
criticism. Rarely has Brahms found a place on the 
programme of a great singer here and when did 
they ever give US anything by Robert Franz? 

One who has often heard Schumann-Heink could 
detect a trace of fatigue in her voice, an evident re- 
sult of such a strenuous concert tour as she has un- 
dertaken. That the entire programme was sung 
in German has been criticized. Rather one should 
blame Schubert or Schumann or Mozart for not 
having composed in English, or find fault with Eng- 
lish musical literature that it has produced nothing 
to replace them ! And with her marvelous gifts of 
voice it is well known that Schumann-Heink is no 
linguist, a fact which she has the good sense to 
realize. Let us hope that we shall again have the 
chance to listen to such a programme as she gave us. 


Mason Opera House 

"The Umpire", a musical comedy which is a 
satire on baseball, opens at the Mason Monday night 
February 4 for a week's engagement with Fred 
Mace of Sandman fame in the title role. "The Um- 
pire" broke all Chicago records for it drew crowds 
at three hundred and fifty consecutive performances. 
Naturally the umpire himself is the central figure 
and his troubles begin when he makes a bad de- 
cision during a championship game and he is forced 
to leave the country to escape the indignation of 
the 'fans'. The decision in question is made while 
he is momentarily blinded by a pair of pretty eyes. 
His itinerary takes him to Morocco where, because 
of no extradition treaty, he finds a colony of aristo- 
cratic American criminals. There he meets the in- 
nocent cause of his downfall, the possessor of the 
eves which caused him to look the wrong way and 
to call the runner "out" instead of "safe". 

Jacob A. Riis to Lecture 

The fourth event in the New University Course 
will be a lecture by Jacob Riis. The subject chosen 
for the Riis lecture is "The Battle with the Slums" 
illustrated by many lantern slides. Mr. Riis, while a 
police reporter for the New York Sun, carried his 
camera into the tenements and took the pictures 
himself. The lecture is the story of the fight fot 
decent living conditions in the Metropolis which 
lias made Mr. Riis known in all parts of the world. 
Tn it he has been from first to last a factor himself. 
working shoulder to shoulder, or. as he himself puis 

it in the introduction to one of his books, "back to 
back with Theodore Roosevelt when police presi- 
dent in New York and Governor of his State." 
Single seats are now on sale at Birkel's Music 
Store. Special rates will be given to clubs. The 
date of the lecture is Friday, February 8, at Simp- 
son Auditorium. 

War Play at the Burbank 

"\\ e-uns of Tennessee", a war drama in four acts, 
has been pleasing patrons of the Burbank theater 
this week. Arthur Rutledge as Lige Munroe, a 
mountaineer, is the most convincing character in 
the drama, which is of little merit. Mr. Rutledge 
does an honest, forceful piece of work. Of course, 
Mr. Desmond, Mr. Mestayer and the other members 
of what is really a good company make the best of 
their parts. Miss Elsie Desmond, as the barefoot 
giil, wins applause in a bit of realism that scores 
more than many a fine scene has, when presented 
to the average audience, which is likely to be pleased 
with whatever makes the least demand upon the 

At the Auditorium 

Again this week the Auditorium presented a 
sumptuously mounted play with scenery so beau- 
tiful that it was a distinct artistic achievement. "The 
Sorceress", familiar to many because it was in 
Madame Bernhardt's repertoire last year, was the 
offering and Miss Florence Stone did a remarkable 
piece of acting. Week by week this woman of un- 
usual talent displays an art and a temperament that 
are rare indeed. For the first time since her engage- 
ment with the Ferris Stock Company dainty Vir- 
ginia Berry had a part in which she could command 
attention. As Zaquir, a boy servant, she acted with 
a naturalness and charm that promise much for her 

Miss Albertson's Introduction 

Interest at the Belasco Theater this week natur- 
ally centers in Lilian Albertson, the new leading 
woman. "The Masqueraders", the play chosen for 
the introduction of Miss Albertson, is not the best' 
medium that could be asked and it is impossible to 
reach a just judgment of the talents of the young 
actress. The role of Lady Skene is most exacting, 
and. while the interpretation given by the dainty 
Titian haired woman is pleasing, it leaves the au- 
diences with the feeling that Miss Albertson has not 
been given just the riarht chance to prove her worth. 
Lewis Stone as David Bemon. the astronomer, has 
an ungrateful part, but he plavs it with the polish 
and smoothness that distinguish all his charactcriza- 

The Pacific Outlook 

tions. Harry Glazier as Sir Brice Skene contributes 
much to the performance. 

Amusement Notes 

One of the important, musical events of the sea- 
son will be the duo recital of Wenzel Kopta, violin- 
ist, and Heinrich Von Stein, pianist, at Simpson 
Auditorium February 7. Kopta excels in Bach, 
Dvorak, and Joachim numbers. 

Miss Carroll McComas, the well known whistler 
and comic opera star, will be heard in recital at the 
Mason Opera House the first week in April. L. E. 
Behymer will manage this concert as well as a tour 
of the Pacific Coast for this clever artist. 

William R. George of New York will deliver a 
lecture in Simpson Auditorium next Monday even- 
ing on the famous George Junior Republic in Ithaca, 
N. Y. An effort will be made to start a boys' repub-, 
lie in Los Angeles. The members of the Juvenile 
Court Association and the George Jr. Republic 
Committee extend an invitation to all interested in 
Juvenile work to be present at this meeting. 

* * * 

A Dangerous Measure 
Senate bill No. 98, introduced by Senator Mc- 
Cartney, compelling all California cities to pur- 
chase all lighting, heat and power plants in business 
at the time of the passage of the act before being 
permitted to establish plants of their own, is a dan- 
gerous measure. If it became a law it would mean 
that the City of Los Angeles would be compelled 
to buy the plants of the Los Angeles Gas and Elec- 
tric Company, the Pacific Light and Power Com- 
pany, the Edison Electric Company, the Lowe com- 
panies and of the two new companies n6w being 
organized, if completed in time, before it. could 
legally use the power that may be developed from 
the Owens river project, costing many millions of 
dollars. A communication to the Pacific Outlook 
touches upon this important question in these 
words : 

"If the people of Los Angeles wish this city to 
derive full benefit from the money expended in the 
Owens River scheme, if they do not want their taxes 
doubled, and if they do not want the other munici- 
palities of California to suffer an equally great 
wrong, they should protest at once by sending a 
postal card, letter or telegram to the members of the 
Southern California delegation at Sacramento; and 
to the governor, asking him to veto this measure if 
passed, also to the City Council, the Voters and • 
Municipal Leagues, the Chamber of Commerce and 
the Merchants' and Manufacturers' Association, 
asking them to get busy." 

* * * 
Regarding' Fools 

The Rev. Dr. Henson of Chicago once- lectured 
at Chautauqua, his subject being "Fools." The 
Rev. Dr. Vincent, who is somewhat of a wag, in- 
troduced him thus: 

"We are now to have a lecture on fools by one" — 
long pause and loud laughter — "of the wisest men 
of the country." 

The lecturer advanced to the desk, and responded 
as follows : 

"I am not so big a fool as Dr. Vincent"— Jong 
pause and loud laughter — "would have you sup- 


Entire Week Commencing Monday Night 
February 4 

With a Saturday Matinee 

Harry Askin Presents the Merry and Melodious 
Musical Success 

Direct from one year's run in Chicago 

Makee aa% $f&e jLatie 

And a SUPERIOR COMPANY including 

The Famous Original Broilers and Perfect Chorus of Fifty. 

See Great Football Game. High School Yells 

and Colors Used 

Seat Sale now on 50c, 75c, $1.00 and $1..50. Both Phones 


A Special Evening of Music 

THURDAY NIGHT, FEB. 7, at 8:15 

VV enZel Kopta Bohemian Violinist 


Seats now on sale at Birkel's Music Store, 345 S. Spring Street 
Prices; 25c, 50c, 75c, #1.00, and $1.50 


Fourth Event of the New University Course 

Friday Night, Feb. 8, at 8:15 



"America's Most Useful Citizen," on 

The Battle with the Slums 

Seat sale now on at Birkel's Musie Store, 345 South Spring St. 
Special Rates to Clubs. Prices; 25c, 50c, 75c, $1.00 and $1.50 

Indian Crafts Ex 



:: The Only Attraction of its Kind 

in the World :: 

Admission to Grounds 


Open Daily and Sunday 

The Pacific Outlook 

Miss Laura Doran, daughter of Mrs. Mar) Doran 
of the Hotel Leighton, and Or. Edward Dillon were 
married Tuesday morning in St. Vibiana's cathedral. 
The ceremony was performed by the Right Rev- 
erend Thomas J. Conaty, assisted by Monsignor 
Patrick Hartnett and the Rev. Dr. Joseph Glass. 
The bride, who is a blonde of unusual beauty, was 
attired in white messaline trimmed with duchess 
iace and her long tulle veil was caught with orange 
blossoms. Miss Mollie Dillon, the maid of honor, 
wore white, and the maids. Misses Nannie Dillon 
and May Kcnealv. were also attired in dainty gowns 
of white. The best man was Richard Dillon, 
In-other of the bridegroom. Following the service 
a breakfast was served at the California Club. 

Mrs. Jefferson Paul Chandler was hostess at a 
charming luncheon given Tuesday for Miss Kath- 
crine Graves. The "following were guests: Miss 
Nina Tones. Miss Cornelia Baird, Miss Helen Chaf- 
fee. Miss Lois Chamberlain, Miss Gertrude King, 
Miss Helen Newlin, Miss Hubbell, Miss Katherine 
Bashford, Miss Anne Patton, Miss Katherine Mel- 
ius. Miss Lois Allen. Miss Marjorie Welch. Miss 
Susie Carpenter and Miss Edith Herron. 

Miss Louise McFarland and her fiance, Leo 
Chandler, were the guests of Kingsley Macomber, 
Wesley Roberts and Ed Robinson last Monday 
evening at the Belasco Theater. The party in- 
cluded Miss Pearl Seeley, Miss Lois Allen and Miss 
Lucille Chandler. After the performance supper 
was served at the Hotel Alexandria. 

Tt is announced that the fourth assembly dance 
will be a fancy dress Mardi Gras ball. The host- 
esses for the evening are : Mesdames Randolph 
Miner, Hancock Banning. Granville MacGowan, 
William May Garland, Mary Longstreet, J. C. 
Drake and Walter Jarvis Barlow. 

Mrs. Tohn D. Mott and Mrs. Nathaniel Myrick 
gave a tea Thursday in honor of Miss Mary Hubbell 
and Miss Edith Herron, two of the season's de- 
butantes. Miss Herron, who is a talented singer, 
will be heard in recital in the Gamut Club building 
next month. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas R. Lee will be at home at 
\ T o. 716 West Twenty-eighth street until their new 
residence is completed. Miss Lee, who is one of the 
season's brides, will receive on the last two Wednes- 
days in February and the first two Wednesdays in 

Mrs. C. T. Carnahan, who has been at the Hotel 
Alexandria this week with Mr. Carnahan and her 
young son, is a leading society woman of Denver. 
She has many friends in Los Angeles, who have en- 
tertained her" at a number of luncheons and dinners. 

Miss Otie Chew's popularity in society was shown 
this week by the number of parties that attended 
her recital. ' Miss Chew was guest of honor at a 
dinner party given Friday evening at the Jonathan 
Club by Mr. and Mis. A. T. Clark. Ex-senator and 

Mrs. John P. Joins of Santa Monica had thirty 
guests at the concert and the Woman's Orchestra 
look fifty tickets. Among Miss Chew's friends wbo> 
entertained at the recital were: Mr. and Mrs. Cos- 
mo Morgan, Dr. and Mrs. J. C. McCoy. Mr. and 
Mrs. Tames T. Fitzgerald, Dr. and Mrs. Martindale, 
Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Botsford, Mrs. W. S. Bartlett 
and Herr Philo Becker. 

Miss Cornelia Baird was guest of honor Tuesday 
evening at a dinner given by Miss Nina Jones at the 
Hotel Van Nuys. Miss Baird is the house guest 
of General and Mrs. Adna R. Chaffee and their 
daughter, Miss Helen Chaffee. 

Mrs. W. A. Barker and her son, Lawrence, have 
gone to New York, whence they will sail for Eu- 
rope. They will make the Mediterranean tour and 
meet Everett Barker in Naples. Mrs. W. H. Holli- 
day will join the party. 

One of the most brilliant of the season's enter- 
tainments will be the headdress dinner and dance 
to be given by Mrs. Michael J. Connell Friday 
evening, February 1, in honor of Miss Louise Mc- 

Mrs. Ernest Vosburg was the guest of Mr. and 
Mrs. Merrill Griggs Thursday evening at Cumnock 
Hall. Many club members and society folk were 
present to hear Mrs. Vosburgh read "The Spanish 

The Ellis Club gave its first smoker of the sea- 
son Tuesday evening at the Gamut Club. Many 
women guests were present and Mrs. Carolyn von 
Benzon of San Francisco was one of the soloists. 

Mrs. Hugh L. Macneil and her daughter, Miss 
Marion Macneil, started this week on a six weeks' 
tour through Mexico. They are accompanied by 
Mrs. Macneil's brother, James Slauson. 

Madame Severance gave a small tea Thursday 
in honor of her niece, Mrs. Severance of Minnea- 
polis, who has been visiting California for the last 
few weeks. 

Miss Estelle Catharine Heartt and Miss Georgia 
Whitaker gave an informal tea and musicale last 
Sunday at Miss Heartt's home, No. 602 South Chi- 
cago street. 

Mrs. E. R. Bradley, No. 2920 Wilshire boulevard, 
entertained informally Tuesday evening in honor 
of Mrs. Clark and Mrs. Vosburgh. 

The concert of the Treble Clef Club Wednesday 
evening' in the Woman's Club House was one of the 
most pleasant events of the week. 

Mr. and Mrs. E. Avery McCarthy gave .? dinner 
Wednesdav in honor of Miss Louise McFarland 
and her fiance, Leo Chandler. 

Miss Amy Leonardt, No. 2 Chester Place, will 
give a violet luncheon Saturdav in honor of Miss 


The Pacific Outlook 

Margaret Woollacott. Covers will be laid for 
twelve at the Jonathan Club and the party will at- 
tend the matinee at the Belasco theater. 

Mrs. Otheman Stevens of West Twentieth street 
gave a luncheon party Wednesday. Bridge whist 
was played in the afternoon. 

Mrs. Jefferson Chandler will give a tea Saturday 
afternoon in honor of Miss Louise McFarland. 

Miss Louise Otis will be guest of honor at a tea 
given Saturday by Mrs. C. C. Carpenter. 

Miss Huston Bishop of West Adams street has 
been passing a week in Santa Ana. 

Mrs. W. P. L. Stafford of Bixel street enter- 
tained at a card party this week. 

Mr! and Mrs. A. McNally have returned from a 
month's visit in' San Francisco. 
* * * 
Los Angeles a Mining Center 

That Los Angeles is destined to become one of 
the chief mining centers of the Pacific Coast is 
illustrated by the fact that the mineral deposits of 
the great Death Valley, extending through Inyo 
county, California, and acrcss the border into Ne- 
vada, are attracting the attention of mining experts 
of world-wide reputation who are devoting their 
chief attention to a sane investigation and develop- 
ment of properties which have an actual value. The 
days of the wild-cat mining schemes are numbered, 
and men who have faith in promoting enterprises 
that show actual value are lending all their resources 
and investing their money in such a conservative 
form that the mining industries will be greatly bene- 
fited, both in the confidence of the people and the 
actual value of the properties so developed. 

Among the new mining companies which have 
recently been formed to promote and develop pro- 
erties in the Crackerjack, Ibex, Goodspring, Green- 
water, Lee Echo and the Wild Rose mining dis- 
tricts, is the Withee-Read-Pike Company, composed 
of' Dr. U. V. AVithee, a well-known mining man of 
Salt Lake City and Ogden ; L. S. Read, formerly s 
wholesale hatter in Los Angeles; and J. W. Pike, an 
attorney of Salt Lake City, who has devoted many 
years of his career in looking after the legal depart- 
ments of large mining enterprises. This new com- 
pany has taken over and absorbed the Withee- 
Adams Company of 505 and 506 Delta Building, 
and their plan of operation is to make a thorough 
scientific investigation and to know the actual value 
of each property as a dividend producer before 
placing it upon the market and presenting it to 

This line of work, if properly carried out, will do 
much to encourage legitimate mining enterprises 
and will be productive of much good in eliminating 
many speculative propositions which have been 
placed before the investing public by unscrupulous 
promoters, when there was no semblance of reai 
merit or value. The new town of Schwab is located 
on the property of the Angelus Mining Company, 
the officers of which, as well as most of the stock- 
holders, are Los Angeles persons. The Angelus 
company has a splendid showing on its claims and 
the mine promises to make a handsome dividend- 

In this connection it is worthy of note that mining 
men from all parts of the country are looking to Los 

Angeles as a desirable home center, owing to its 
close proximity to the Nevada and California mines. 

* * * 

The Artist's Eyes 
The Artist — I maintain, sir, that I ought to paint 
nature as I see it. The Critic — That's all right. 
Only I hope you'll never see it as you paint it ! — 

* * * 

So They Said 
"I.gess that I am thru," , 

Roosevelt said. 
"My speling wil not du," 

Roosevelt said. 
"Tho why my skeme to spel 
Shud hav raised such merry hullabaloo, 
Is more. than I can tel," 

Roosevelt said. 

— The Argonaut. 


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219 Mercantile Place 

Your First Step in Los Angeles 

Should be a Visit to 

The Travel & Hotel Bureau 

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The Pacific Outlook 


Alcohol and Gasoline Compared 

The probable popularity of denatured alcohol as 
a fuel for motors is discussed editorially in The 
Horseless Age. The United States Government 
has made extensive preparations not only for con- 
trolling- its manufacture and sale, but also for ad- 
vancing its practical application. Therefore, con- 
cludes this paper, it is probable that the new motor 
fuel will come rapidly into use. Its limitations and 
advantages are thus reviewed : 

As from present appearances the greatest diffi- 
culties in the use of alcohol seem to be in starting 
the engine, it is to be hoped that users of engines 
which need to be stopped and started only at long 
intervals will first adopt this fuel. If the majority 
of stationary gasoline engines used for shop-driving, 
for driving dynamos, etc., were to be operated on 
alcohol, it would have a marked effect on the Con- 
sumption of gasoline. There is. however, hardly a 
line of application for which alcohol is to be so 
strongly recommended as for marine motors. Its 
greatest advantage for this particular purpose re- 
sides in its comparative safety. Gasoline floats 
upon water and when ignited forms a sheath of 
flame, while alcohol mixes with water and does not 
burn under these conditions. There has hardly been 
an important motor-boat race of recent years when 
at least one of the competing boats was not de- 
stroyed by fire, and the risk involved in carrying- 
big quantities of gasoline on board a lightly con- 
structed boat is too evident to need further argu- 
mentation. If alcohol should become the standard 
fuel for motor-boats it would further greatly reduce 
the demand for gasoline, and it would perhaps not 
be too much to expect that competition between the 
two fuels might force the price of gasoline down 
again to some extent. 

The experiments which have been made witli 
alcohol as a motor fuel in this country since the 
passing of the duty-free alcohol law have repeatedly 
been reported as showing an increase in the power 
of the motor, as compared with what is developed 
when gasoline is used as fuel. Owing to the higher 
thermal efficiency of motors using alcohol and 
specially built to use this fuel under the most favor- 
able conditions, it is not at all impossible that a 
motor of given dimensions should sometimes de- 
velop greater power with alcohol than witli gaso- 
line, in spite of the fact that a given quantity of 
alcohol contains much less heat energy than the 
same quantity of gasoline. However, it is to be 

presumed that if alcohol generally gave appreciably 
greater power than gasoline, it would have been 
more used in races and hill-climbs abroad. It has 
been used to some extent in contests, but only when 
special prizes were offered .for alcohol-driven 
vehicles. Its possibilities in this respect ma)', there- 
fore, be regarded as fairly well known to foreign 
manufacturers, and that the}' do not employ it in 
general competitions seems to warrant the con- 
clusion that in this respect it offers no advantages. 

Why Not for California? 

The action of the American Bison Society in mak- 
ing efforts to secure to New York State a herd of 
the now almost extinct aboriginal of the western 
plains — the buffalo — which it hopes to see roaming 
a portion of the great state park included within the 
Adirondack mountain area of that state, ought to 
actuate Californians to similar steps. The American 
Bison Society is prompted in this step by the idea 
that the only way to keep the bison alive is to turn 
the animals loose and let them return to their natural 
state. To this end this organization has adopted a 
resolution that steps be taken to secure the enact- 
ment of a law setting apart nine square miles of the 
state land in the Adirondack region and appropri- 
ating $15,000 for the purchase and maintenance of 
a herd of fifteen bison. If bison will thrive and mul- 
tiply under the adverse climatic conditions to be 
found in New York State, they certainly will thrive 
in California. This state offers an ideal location for 
the bison, and there is no doubt that a fair-sized 
herd might be procured and successfully maintained 
in the foothills of the mountains. With the enact- 
ment of rigid protective laws, so that the herd 
might not become extinct, its presence in California 
would add vastly to the attractiveness of the state 
from the tourists' standpoint. 

Folly in Road Improvement 

It has often occurred to motorists touring through 
any section that boasted of roads sufficiently im- 
proved to require repairing that those in charge of 
the work of directing the repairs have generally 
exhibited a singular lack of common sense in that 
invariably the entire width of the road would be 
torn up for repairs. In some districts favored by 
road officials having some regard for traffic the 
practice has been to tear up but half of the width 
of a stretch at a time, so that drivers would not be 
compelled to go around by some other road or bump 
their way as best they could over the section under- 
going renewal. This matter is one that has re- 
ceived official attention from the authorities of the 
Touring Ciub of France, so far as the roads of that 
country are concerned, the club requesting the gov- 
ernment officials that when roads are being mended 

The Pacific Outlook 

the repairs be carried out in two longitudinal sec- 
tions, so that one part of the roadway would always 
be available for traffic. It has been suggested that 
much trouble could be avoided if similar requests 
were made in this country by motor clubs and the 
state organizations made up of the various auto- 
mobile clubs affiliated with the American Automo- 
bile Association. 

Long Distance Hitting 

A well known ball player has made a suggestion 
calculated to produce more long distance hitting. 
In order to give the heavy batsman due advantage 
this player suggests that an arc, be drawn from one 
foul line to the other through the outfield, the quar- 
ter circle to be at all points eighty yards from the 
home plate. Under such a plan outfielders would 
play inside the arc until after the ball has been hit. 
In that way it would be impossible for outfielders 
to play for the long batters, pulling down heavy 
drives in some cases nearly ioo yards from the 
plate.. It is doubtful, however, if this suggestion 
would meet with the approval of the rule makers. 
If long hits are to be made more frequent the foul 
line should be abolished and the pitcher should be 
put back. 

Freshmen Barred 

The Faculty Athletic Committee of the University 
of California has announced that hereafter no fresh- 
men will be allowed to compete in any 'varsity con- 
tests. This action will deprive California of several 
of her most promising men in track and baseball. 

* * * 


The Hoodlum 

O. A. Tveitmoe takes exceptions to Siemsen, be- 
cause he is of mixed blood, and incidentally has 
words of insult for every citizen of mixed blood in 
the United States. He talks of a "white man's 
country" just as glibly as if he himself was a white 
American citizen. This mongrel European growls 
at the other mongrels and speaks as if by authority 
about "the people of the United States." Why, it 
is only a few years ago that he could not make him- 
self understood to his fellow citizens, except by 
signs. One Tveitmoe is worse than ten Japanese, 
because one Tveitmoe stirs up more mess and pother 
in one month than ten Japanese could in ten years. 
There are but few anarchists among the Japs — 
there are many among the Tveitmoe^. — San Fran- 
cisco News Letter. 

The NicKel Toll Graft 

Ine of the meanest forms of graft in which the 
Southern Pacific is. alleged to have been engaged is 
the collection of five cents per ton wharfage on all 
freight received in San Francisco, whether the wares 
pass over the company's wharves or not. This toll 
is permissible when goods pass over the wharves, 
but the complaint against the Southern Pacific is 
that this company makes this charge against ship- 
pers on freights that never touch its wharves. This 
is one of the smoothest forms of graft chargeable to 
any public utility corporation. It would be inter- 
esting to know what proportion of each nickel has 
passed into the hands of the Ruef-Schmitz com- 

* * * 

How He Got the Name 
Lawyer — What is your full name? Witness — K. 
K. K. Karl Benson. Lawyer — What do all the K's 
stand for? Witness — Nothing — the minister who 
christened me stuttered. — Boston Transcript. 

* * * 
The Difference 

Freddie — What's the difference between being 
sick and an invalid? Cobwigger — an invalid, my 
boy, is one who makes those around him sick. — 
Harper's Bazaar. 

Unionism vs. Japanese 

But for the fact of San Francisco's being over- 
unionized there would be no "Japanese invasion" 
scare : but for unionism, the other 80 per cent of the 
population would not find it to its liking to en- 
courage the employment of Japanese help or the 
patronizing of Japanese merchants, fruit and vege- 
table growers. Unionism would prevent others 
from following those occupations which it surrounds 
with prohibitive conditions — a dog in the manger 
policy carried to its extreme — and to the detriment 
of us all. — San Francisco Letter. 




T HE POPE- WAVERLY Electric is the carriage for all the family, and 
to every member it is more than a mere machine, Its readiness, its 
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air is fresh and pure, and the way it adds to the sheer joy of living will 
engender an affection for your Pope- Waverly Electric that has never been 
lavished before on an inanimate object. 

B. L. BROWN, Representative 

1126 South Main St,. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

^ The 

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Three Point Suspension, Unit Construction, 
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Sliding Gear Transmissions. 

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The Pacific Outlook 


"The Plow Woman" 

"The Plow Woman,'' by Eleanor Gates, one of the 

known of the younger California writers, is a 

I that brings to the reader the breath of the 

prairies, the smell of newly-turned earth, the - 

pace and the feeling of primitive strength. It is 

<|iiite different from the writer's first book, "The 

graphy of a Prairie Girl," and yet it reveals all 
the charm of style and the fidelity to life that made 
the tir-t work of Eleanor < worthy. 

In plot and incident "The Plow Woman" is not 
new. inasmuch as it follows the accepted lines of 
far western fiction. When it is said that the in- 
cidents are handled with fine dramatic effect and 
that the character drawing is clear, strong and con- 
vincing, it is still difficult to convey an idea of what 
constitutes the chief strength of this wholesome. 
original and delightful story. 

The style, polished, direct and forcible, is fascinat- 
ing. The reader is carried on by the tense interest 
with which the narrative holds him until he reaches 
the last page, where he is left with a Millet picture 
on his brain, even though the plow woman has en- 
tered into her own well-earned estate of happiness 
which relieves her from hard work. Eleanor Gates 
paints her pictures in broad colors. They are vivid, 
true, lasting. 

The scenes are laid on a Dakota prairie. Dallas 
Lancaster, the heroine, is introduced in this fashion : 

"The sun, just risen, shone coldly upon the plain, 
and a wind, bearing with it a hint of raw weather 
and swirling snow, swept down, the Missouri valley 
from the north, marshalling in its front hosts of 
gabbling ducks and honking geese that were taking 
noisy flight from a region soon to be buried and 
already bleak. Yet, with all the chill in the air, Ben 
and Betty, the mules, steamed as they toiled to and 
fro, and lolled out their tongues with the warmth 
of their work and the effort of keeping straight in 
the furrow ; and .Dallas, following in their wake 
with the reins about her shoulders and the horns of 
the plough in a steadying grasp, took off her slouch 
hat at the turnings to bare her damp forehead, drew 
the sleeve of her close-fitting jersey across her face 
every few moments, and, at last, to aid her in mak- 
ing better progress as well as to cool her ankles, 
brought the bottom of her skirt throug"h the waist- 
band, front and back, and walked in her red flannel 
petticoat. As she travelled, she looked skyward 
occasionally with a troubled face, and, resting but 
seldom, urged the team forward. Clear weather 
and sunshine would not long continue, and the first 
field on the claim must be turned up and well har- 
rowed before the opening of the winter." 

With her crippled father, long a section boss at a 
station house in western Texas, and her sister 
Marylyn, the plow woman has traveled northward 
in search of a promising homestead. As settlers 
hard work falls to the lot of all. but to Dallas are 
presented the tasks her father cannot perform. Al- 
ways it is her first thought to shield her younger 
sister and in contrasting the characters of these two 
ffirls the author has shown how clever is her art. 
Evan Lancaster, still true to the Confederacy and 
unreasonable in his prejudices, is an intensely 
human old man. The terrible struggles and the pa- 
thetic helplessness of these three are set forth with 
a peculiar realism that makes the reader suffer with 

John Lounsbury, the storekeeper at the nearest 
village, proves himself to he a hero in more than 
name, for he performs deeds of valor in protecting 
the plow woman and those dependent upon her 
from the perils thai beset them. He is a line type 
of the sturdy western man in the prime of his youth 
and strength. Although he loves Dallas from the 
first time that he sees her. he finds almost over- 
whelming difficulties in the course of his wooing, 
for Marylyn has lost her heart to him and the plow 
woman tries to make il possible for the girl to at- 
tain her heart's desire. 

After all. the love theme does not dominate the 
tale, which deals more with the titanic struggle be- 
tween man and nature in the contest for life in a 
new country. In the background is the garrison at 
Fort Brannon with its many glimpses of Indian 
fighting and Indian chasing. Even when he and his 
daughters are almost starved old Lancaster retains 
his hatred for the soldiers who wear the uniform 
of the Union. 

Among all the characters that appear in the book 
is one that is a remarkable piece of portraiture. If 
the author had succeeded in nothing else, she would 
have been worthy of recognition by reason of Squaw 
Charlie, condemned to wear the garb of an Indian 
woman because in a moment of torture a cry had 
escaped from his lips. How he suffers, how he 
is tempted and how he triumphs in the end are told 
with splendid power. The action of the story is 
rapid, the interest sustained without a break and 
the climax managed with consummate skill. 

The author, who is known in private life as Mrs. 
Richard Walton Tully, has many friends in Los An- 
geles. Her book is likely to score the same sort 
of success that is now being won by her husband'^ 
play, "Rose o' the Rancho" and it is said that Mr. 
Tully will dramatize "The Plow Woman" as his 
next work for the stage. 

(The Plow Woman. Bv Eleanor Gates. Mc 
Clure, Phillips and company. C. C. Parker.) 

* * * 
Cautious all Around 

Hotel Clerk (suspiciously)— "Your bundle has 
come apart. May I ask what that queer thing is?" 

Guest — "This is a new patent fire escape. I al- 
ways carry it, so in case of fire I can let myself 
down from the hotel window. See?" 

Clerk (thoughtfully) — "I see. Our terms for 
guests with fire-escapes, sir. are invariably cash in 
advance." — New York Weekly. 

* * * 

Motto for all Humanity 

"Do all the good you can. 
By all the means you can, 
In all the ways you can. 
In all the places you can. 
At all the times you can. 
To all the people you can, 
As long as ever you can." 

— John Wesley. 

* * * 

Didn't Know Her Lexicon 

"Ma, what's a silhouette?" "It's one of them pert, 
silly girls that dances and sings in the pieces they 
play on the stage." — Baltimore American. 


The Pacific Outlook 

Assemblyman Cogswell Explains 

Sacramento, Cal., Jan. 28, 1907. 
To the Pacific Outlook : 

I have just read with amazement your editorial 
in the Pacific Outlook for January 26 on the pur- 
chase of the codes for the members of the legisla- 
ture. As I was one who, under the belief that they 
might be used again, voted for their retention by 
the state, I feel at liberty to reply to your article. 

The codes that were provided are the cheapest 
edition of the "pony codes" to be found on 'the 
market and cost either $18 or $20 for the set of five 
volumes. There was a proposition to get a larger 
edition at $40, but it was voted down, every member 
of the Los Angeles delegation voting against it, 
as the record in the journal will show. 

In order to vote intelligently on any bill it is 
necessary not only to read the bill but compare it 
with the original statute which it amends. About 
1,000 bills have already been introduced and as many . 
more are to follow. Some of these consist of a few 
lines and some of fifty or more pages. Often not 
more than a line or two is changed from the original 
but it must be read to find what it is, as nothing 
in the bill itself indicates the change. 

By working every night until after midnight a 
member can only get over a part of them and must 
depend upon his clerk to do much of it for him, 
underscoring and noting the changes made. Any 
one who does not do this is neglecting his duty and 
voting upon bills of which he does not know the 

I enclose as an example three short bills and will 
venture to say that without comparing them with 
the codes there are not three members in the house 
that could tell what their effect would be. 

One was to remove from the meadow lark the pro- 
tection from hunters ; one was to increase the pay 
of the horticultural inspectors, and the other to 
compel the publication of notice of sale under execu- 
tion to be made in the city or township in which the 
propertv is situated, instead of in some remote 
paper, as heretofore, where probably no one con- 
cerned in the sale would ever see it. 

The average working member uses his codes 
practically all the time. To use fifteen sets for the 
house, as was proposed by a new Democratic meiTH 
ber, would be worse than one arithmetic for a class 
in school ; for they do not use the arithmetic all the 
time, but could change off. 

I thought the proposition to leave them with the 
state a good one until talking it over with a state 
official afterwards. He said : "What would they be 
good for? They would lie in the cellar to rot." 

These 2,000 new bills and amendments will be 
added this year, and to be of any use hereafter they 
will all have to be pasted in the proper places m 
the old codes, with the result that it would cost 
more than a new set. and when they were done 
they would be so bulky and out of shape that no one 
would use them in the legislature if they had to buy 
new ones for themselves next year. The codes are 
gotten out new after every session of the legislature 
and the old ones are not worth anything, except 
to a country lawyer who can afford to take the time 
to oaste in the 2,000 amendments. 

The legislature is guilty of many uncalled-for ex- 
travagances, but the purchase of a new set of codes 
is not one of them. R R CQGSWELL _ 

E. T\ Slattery Co* 

Boston Newport 

Palm Beach 

Announce the 


of their Branch Shop at the 


Exhibit Days, Monday, Tuesday and 
Wednesday, Feb. 4-5-6 

Latest Imported Novelties will be shown in New Tailored 

Suits, Ladies' Dresses and Coats, Waists, French 

Millinery, Neckwear and Belts 

E. T. Slattery Co. welcome a comparison of prices and qualities 

L. P. Hollander & Co. 


" ■ ■■ - - A 

Ladies' Gowns, Millinery 
and Outfittings 

Pasadena Branch Now Open :: Opposite Hotel Green 

Corner Raymond Avenue and Green Street 


President Board of Directors Secretary-Treasurer 


Vice-President Chairman of the Faculty of the College 

The Pacific College of Osteopathy 

Los Angeles, California 

Corner Daly Street and Mission Road. 

Founded 1896 

Classes Graduate in January and June 

Three years' Course of Study. Ten months each year. 
The Pacific College stands for the most thorough culture 
and broadest education. It asks for the closest in- 
vestigation from young men and women who wish to fit 
themselves for successful Osteopathic medical praction- 
iers. Next term opens January 29, 1907. For catalogue 
or further information address 


Chairman of the Faculty 

W. J. COOK - Secretary and Business Manager 

The Pacific Outlook 



Charity Ball 
The annual charity ball for the benefit of the' 
Una Children's Training Society will occur at 
Hotel Green February 5. The cafe will be used for 
dancing, and the Romanesque ballroom will be used 
eption doom. The committee of arrange- 
ments includes Mesdames John S. Craven-, il. Pagi 
Warden, A. Kingslej Macomber, Charles Russell 
and Edward Kellam. The patronesses will be Mes- 
dames S. VV. Allerton, .M. \Y. Vrmstrong, Arturio 
Bandini, Arno Behr, Charles C. Bragdoh, Norman 

Bridge, Sumner Bugbee, Theodore Coleman, Mich- 
ael Cudahv. Charles D. Oa^gett . Caroline Dobbins. 

11 R. Dodworth, John H. Dwight, Adelbert 
Fennyes, George G. Green, George G. Guyer, F. 
Holder, Frank T. Holder, lohn H. Holmes. Edward 
K. Hull. J. J. Hunker. Joseph H. Johnston, H. M. 
Lutz. Henry K. Macomber, Frank H. Hutchinson. 

rude Macy, Emily Macy. William MacCor- 
mack, Clinton P. Morehous, Lawrence Newman, F. 
W. Parker. George S. Patton, Frank P. Perkins, 
Francis F. Rowland, Walter Raymond, Delia A. 
Senter, William A. Stanton, H. B. Stehman, Frances 
B. Swan. William D. Turner, Pliny Watson, B. 
Marshall Wotkyns, Walter S. Wright and Miss 

New Scenic Line Projected 
The Pasadena, La Canyada and Los Angeles 
Railroad Company proposes to connect the three 
cities with a scenic railroad using a patented grip 
friction appliance in the operation of cars. Repre- 
sentatives of the company have been circulating 
petitions among owners of property along the pro- 
posed right of way in the city. The company pro- 
poses to run its line along Mills alley and thus gain 
entrance to the business center of the city. The 
company has a capital stock of $1,000,000. Its of- 
ficers are : President, George E. Smith ; first vice 
president. C. G. Compton ; second vice president, A. 
H. Green: secretary and treasurer, H. M. Orr; di- 
rectors. George E. Smith, Pasadena; H. M. Orr, Los 
Angeles; C. G. Compton, Long Beach; A. H. Green, 
Los Angeles: A. B. Armstrong, Los Angeles: Bar- 
clay H. Potter. La Canyada ; F. W. Cresswcil, 

Hot Fight on the Mayoralty 

Mayor Waterhouse of Pasadena has agreed, in 
deference to the wishes of a large number of repre- 
sentative citizens, to become a candidate for re- 
nomination. The fight for the mayoralty promises 
to be one of the most exciting in the history of the 
city and the re-election of Mayor Waterhouse is 
anticipated. He is fighting several public service 
corporations and that has added to his popularity. 
It is probable that some of the things done by the 
administration in connection with the. establishment 
of a municipal electric light plant, the management 
of the sewer farm and the assessment of city prop- 
erty will be brought out, and already the opposition 
is gathering facts and figures with which to fight. 
* * * 
Santa Monica Advances 

Both houses of the State Legislature have adopted 
ncurrenl resolution which practically advances 

Santa Monica from the list of fifth class cities I" 

those of the Freeholder class. Although the officers 

provided for are not to be elected until \pril, a pro- 
vision of the charter provides thai "if the Legi 
lure approves this charter, it shall thereon become 
the charter and organic law of the eil\ of Santa 

Monii 1 ." 1 I 1- I- taken to mean thai as soon as the 
approval of it by the Legislature is certified 1>\ thi 

Secretary of State, the new organic law becomes 



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A select tourist and family hotel. Located on the beautiful Marengo Avenue 
Boulevard and Arcadia street. Convenient to street cars, churches and parks. 
Steam heat, hot and cold running water and electric light in all rooms. Rates. 
European plan $1.00 a day and up, $5.00 per week and up; American plan 
$2.00 per day and up. 


George Pedley, Manager 30 Years Experience 

An Up-to-Date Drug Store at Pasadena. 

Cor. Euclid Jivenue and Colorado Street 


Investment Bankers and BroKers 
Real Estate, Insurance, Mortg'ag'es 
StocKs and Bonds V V if 

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American Plan — $2. 50 a day and upwards; $15 
a week and upwards. Board with room in 
adjoining: cottages $12.50 a week. Table 
Board $10 a week. Send for illustrated 
pamphlet. j* J* J*. J* 


Withce-Read-Pike Co. 

Incorporated " 



Correspondence Solicited 
phone f 7130 

505-506 Delta Building 

Los Angeles, Cal. 


The Pacific Outlook 

Monrovia's New Hotel 

The new $500,000 hotel at Monrovia, planned by 
Architects Metcalf and Ridgway of Long Beach, 
will be called Hotel Redburn, after its proprietor, 
W. B. Redburn. It will contain 200 guest rooms. 
While combining the features of the best modern 
hostelries, it will be distinguished by new depart- 
ures in arrangements. It was designed with refer- 
ence to the unrivaled beauty of its location on the 
crest of the foothills commanding the San Gabriel 
valley from mountains to sea. It will be five stories 
in height, a class A steel structure, with brick cur- 
tain wall cemented. The basement will be of solid 
granite. The hotel, exclusive of the terrace sur- 
rounding it, will be 245 feet wide by 165 feet deep. 

The main entrance, which will be on the south 
front, will open into a rotunda seventy-nine by 
forty-eight feet in size and twenty feet in height. 
On the first floor will be the reading room, twenty- 
six by thirty-four feet. There will be a mezzanine 
or intermediate floor between the first and second, 
encompassed by a gallery looking down upon the 
rotunda and music room. Surrounding the hotel 
will be an esplanade sixteen feet in width. Build- 
ing will begin as soon as the working plans ate 

* * * 

Streets, Railroad Rates and Forests 
The San Bernardino Board of Trade has begun a 
campaign is behalf of improved streets. President 
Monahan has been authorized to appoint a com- 
mittee of twenty-five citizens, of which Dr. J. N. 
Baylis shall be chairman, who shall present the sub- 
ject of better streets to the City Council and urge 
action looking to improvements in streets of a per- 
manent character. On the subject of railroad rates, 
the terminal rates committee submitted a prelimin- 
ary report, incorporating in it the results of the re- 
cent meeting in Los Angeles with the Santa Fe 
traffic representatives. The committee's work is 
but commenced and it was continued. In the mat- 
ter of reforestation, the Board enthusiastically en- 
dorsed the plan outlined by Dr. J. N. Baylis to 
arouse public sentiment among the people at large 
on the subject and the need of planting trees, and 
especially to instill a love for the work in the school 
children. The action of the Board will be officially 
communicated to President W. M. Parker of the 
Board of Education, with the request that the 
teachers in the schools instruct the pupils in the 
work and urge the planting of trees. 

* * * 

Their "Sterline" Silver Gifts 

New York women who shopped for Christmas 
were victims of a new sort of fraud. Several who 
purchased gifts of silver to bestow upon sweet- 
hearts and husbands have been humiliated by the 
discovered that their tokens of affection became like 
pewter even before the possessors' new year's reso- 
lutions had time to be recognized as iridescent 
dreams. One woman who paid $4.98 for a match 
safe had the purveyor of bogus silver arrested. 
When the merchant was accused of deceit and dis- 
honesty in palming off an imitation article for the 
real sterling production he pointed to the mark, 
"sterline," stamped upon it and blithely went on his 
way rejoicing because he could go on selling hair 
brushes, hand mirrors and manicure sets — all of 
Durest "sterline". 



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An Independent Weekly Review of the Southwest 

George Baker Jfndfrson 

Mary Holland Rlnkald 


Howard Clark Gatloupm 


Published every Saturday at 420*422*423 Chamber of Com* 
merce Building, Lorn Jlngeles, California, by 

The Pacific Outlook Company. 

Subscription price S2.00 a year in advance. Single copy IO 
cents on all news stands. 

VOL. 2. 

MO. 6 

The Editor of the Pacific Outlook cannot guarantee to return manuscripts, 
though he will endeavor to do so if stamps for that purpose are inclosed with them. 
If your manuscript is valuable, keep a copy of it. 


The Pacific Outlook is mailed to subscribers through 
the Los Angeles Post office every Friday, and should be 
delivered in every part of the city by Saturday's post. If 
for any reason it should be delayed, or be delivered in 
poor condition, subscribers will confer a favor upon the 
publishers by giving them immediate notice. Telephone 
Home A 7926. 


We do not believe that America and Japan are 
any nearer war than they were six weeks ago, in 
spite of the sensational stories telegraphed from 
Washington or, possibly, "faked" in a local news- 
paper office. There are a thousand reasons why the 
most friendly relations between the two countries 
should remain unbroken indefinitely, and not one 
cause for the severance of diplomatic relations, 
much less a cause for hostilities. There is no doubt 
that the Japanese government has been sorely 
vexed by the utterly imbecilic and asinine attitude 
of the San Francisco school authorities. If any- 
thing further were needed to try its patience, the 

mistake of President Roosevelt 

Schmitz in admitting Mayor Schmitz 

Bobs up Serenely into the council at Washington 

as a representative of the in- 
habitants of San Francisco ,will furnish the material. 
This fresh Schmitz episode caps the climax. Of all 
the citizens of San Francisco, a man under indict- 
ment for the crimes charged against Schmitz and, 
above all, one of the chief fomentors of the trouble 
between the two countries is the last man in the 
world who should have been asked or allowed to 
have a hand in the negotiations at Washington. 
Although the Pacific Outlook is a great admirer of 
President Roosevelt, we think he has overstepped 
the bounds of prudence in permitting this agitator 
to take any part whatever in the consideration of 
plans for the adjudication of the San Francisco 


* * * 

The announcement that the Hawaiian Islands are 

being used as a rendezvous by a considerable num- 

ber oi veterans of the Russo-Japanese War in prep- 
aration for a descent upon our west coast makes 
sensational reading, but it should be taken with 
plenty of NaCl. There doubtless arc many thou- 
sands of Japanese in our island possessions, and 
they are coming along day by day. But that they 
are drilling by moonlight, using broomsticks in the 
manual of arms in the absence of rifles, few sensible 
people will believe. The Japs are not such arrant 

fools as to give such publicity to 

War Cloud their plans against America — if 

a Thin Vapor they have any such plans — and 

above all on American soil. The 
reading public will be offered column after column 
of wild speculation and baseless stories of this char- 
acter so long as the present agitation continues, and 
it will do some mischief. No published "news," so- 
called, should be accepted until it shall have be- 
come confirmed peradventure. It will require the 
efforts of all the cool heads in the country to over- 
come the mischief that already has been per- 
petrated by the wild-eyed agitators of San Francisco 
and the "yellow" press of America. The war cloud 
is not big enough nor black enough to warrant a 

* * * 

Our Asiatic fleet at the present time consists of 
four armored cruisers, five protected cruisers, six 
gunboats, five torpedo boats and a squadron of 
light draught vessels for river and harbor service. 
An eight-inch gun is the heaviest ordnance carried. 
While there- are nine battleships in our Atlantic 
fleet, there is not one in commission on the Pacific 
coast or in Asiatic waters. Further than this no 
practical steps have been taken for fortifying 
Manila. That city would have to depend for de- 
fense upon a small cruiser squadron. The govern- 
ment's policy regarding the protection of the Philip- 
pines has been a decidedly short- 
Government's sighted one. Manila is "the hub of 
Myopia the Orient," to use the words of 

Colonel Clarence R. Edwards, chief 
of the Bureau of Insular Affairs, in a contribution 
to the Pacific Outlook several weeks ago. Under 
the circumstances they are, as the Anti-Imperialists 
have declared, a source of peril and weakness. With 
Manila properly fortified and a reasonable degree 
of protection from floating forts, the islands would 
become a strategic stronghold. If the lesson of the 
past two or three weeks is not lost upon the govern- 
ment, it will proceed without delay to render Manila 

The Pacific Outlook 

impregnable, it will fortify the harbor of San Pedro 
and it will strengthen the protection now afforded 
other Pacific coast points. It is better to be safe than 
to be sorry. 

* * * 

The possibility of war with Japan is very remote, 
and if such a conflict should occur the United 
States doubtless would be to blame for it. The 
country is as full of jingoes as ever, judging by the 
bluster of some of the daily newspapers, which are 
endeavoring to put the country, in the eyes of other 
Powers, in the attitude of a belligerent youth strut- 
ting about with a chip on his shoulder and a dare in 
his eyes and in his mouth. Nearly every Ameri- 
can possessed of ordinary powers of observation 
who has lived any length of time in Japan de- 
clares that there is universal good 
No Chip on will and sincere admiration and 
Our Shoulder friendship for the United States 
among practically all classes of the 
Japanese people. The proportion of those people 
who want war with the United States is doubtless 
as small as that portion of irresponsible American 
fools who seek war or trouble of any kind with 
Japan. The Japanese are particularly grateful for 
the fact that this country has aided them by en- 
couragement and sympathy and in still more sub- 
, stantial ways. The Russo-Japanese War and the 
extremely friendly attitude of American citizens of 
all classes for the "little brown men" during their 
latest conflict is not forgotten. If we ever lose the 
friendship of that nation it will be because we wan- 
tonly cast it to the winds. 

* * * 

But we must recognize the fact that there exists 
in this country an element so narrow-minded and 
so prejudiced that it would willingly treat Japan 
^ with contempt that might prove unendurable, even 
to that patient people. It is this class which is 
chargeable with the San Francisco school affair, 
the talk of a bill excluding the Japanese, and mali- 
cious jingo newspapers. The inconsistency of many 
of this class is shown by the fact that most of the 
San Francisco agitators are foreign born themselves. 

And it is really humorous to note that 
The Humor the president of the school board 
Crops Out which enacted the regulation denying 

Japanese children the right to enter 
the public schools of San Francisco was a man 
named Aaron Altman, a member of a race which 
for centuries has been persecuted as the result of 
irrational race prejudice of the same type. The rest 
of the country is fast realizing that the sentiments 
advertised broadcast through the land as those oi 
"the entire Pacific coast" are naught but the senti- 
ments of a coterie of discredited hoodlums of San 
Francisco, excepting a few thoughtless men who 

have been unduly influenced by the brainless jingo 
press, with the San Francisco Chronicle in the lead. 

* * * 

The extremities resorted to by the anti-Japanese 
element in San Francisco in its effort to induce a 
public sentiment favorable to the stand it has taken 
is again illustrated in the manner in which it dis- 
torted the views expressed by William Elliott 
Griffis, D. D., at one time a member of the faculty 
of the University of Tokio and the author of numer- 
ous literary works dealing with the Island Empire. 
In a recent communication to the New York Sun, 
which we reproduce in this issue, Dr. Griffis states 
that his belief is that the present Japanese race is 
"the most un-Mongolian people in Asia," in its his- 
tory, psychology, government, men- 
Japanese tal development and in manner of 
Not Mongols living and general behavior abroad. 
He shows that the earliest traditions 
of Nippon know nothing of Mongolia or China, and 
that large portions of the Russians "have a richer 
infusion of Mongol blood than have the Japanese, 
who are made up of many stocks that are non- 
Mongolian in origin." And but a few days ago a 
dispatch sent out from San Francisco announced 
that Dr. Griffis classed the Japanese as Mongolians ! 
It may take a long time to learn the truth regarding 
the whole Japanese question, but the truth will out ; 
and then we may expect some slight exhibit of 
shamefacedness among the riotous trouble-breeders 
in San Francisco. 

* * * 

All who endeavor to keep informed of the progress 
of events, through the daily press, will note that a 
certain element has been deliberately and malicious- 
ly striving to develop the fruit growing from the 
seeds of ill-will which have been sown in San Fran- 
cisco. This class distorts, in a most sinister manner, 
every item of news bearing upon the relations be- 
tween the two countries, and it has been peculiarly 
industrious in disseminating gross misinformation 
designed to prejudice citizens of other 

Let Us states against the Japanese. But in 
Have Peace spite of these determined efforts to 
force the government to the adoption 
of a course that will make war inevitable, the con- 
viction is now growing that these disturbing ele- 
ments will find their efforts futile. The man who 
was selected as a successful candidate for the Nobel 
peace prize may be depended upon to use all of his 
magic power to keep the American jingo spirit from 
becoming too rampant. It is safe to predict that 
during the Roosevelt administration, at least, we 
shall not be forced into an unjust war and that the 
Anglo-Japanese alliance will not be directed against 

The Pacific Outlook 

nator McCartney, in excusing his action in in- 
Iroducing the municipal ownership bill to which 
reference was made in these columns last week — a 
bill which, if enacted into law, would prohibit the 
City of Los Angeles from owning its own public 
utilities until it had purchased everything in sighl 
in this direction — is reported as having pleaded that 
lie was ignorant of its import. What an admission 
for a member of the State Legislature — a man who 
is paid to know, and above all things, paid to know 
the intent and purpose of the legislation he pro- 
- ! If Senator McCartney actually has admitted 

that he did not know the hill was 
McCartney "loaded." perhaps lie will he can- 
Sees the Light did enough to tell his constituents 

who drafted the measure and upon 
whose representations he sought its passage. If 
ever there were a deliberate attempt to circumvent 
the inhabitants of a city in their possible future 
efforts to secure a thing which is essential to life, 
the McCartney bill came under that head. Senator 
McCartney, like other misrepresentatives of the peo- 
ple in the present legislature, has been toying with 
fire. That he has come to realize the fact is evinced 
by his withdrawal of the measure as the outcome 
of the lashing he has received at the hands of the 
press of California. 

* * * 

It would appear that a few "indignant citizens" 
have been raising an .unnecessary and totally un- 
called-for hue and cry because they will not be 
allowed to inspect at will the various papers and 
records pertaining to the Owens river water project 
on file in the office of the city auditor. Mr. Ma- 
thews, the attorney employed by the board having 
the waterworks project in charge, is very much "up 
to snuff." He evidently realizes that nothing is to 
be left undone by the enemies of the undertaking to 

hamper the city in its work and to 

The Trick prevent, if possible, the consumma- 

Didn't Work tion of the beneficent plans for the 

construction of the proposed system, 
and he is acting wisely in exercising due caution to 
see that selfish private interests are prevented, so 
far as it is possible to prevent them, from placing 
any further obstacles in the path of the authorities 
having the work in hand. The great majority of the 
people of Los Angeles have abundant confidence in 
these citizens, and none but those actuated by ulteri- 
or motives will object to a continued "executive 
session" of the plans until it shall have been settled 
that no insidious contrary efforts can avail. 

* * * 

The cat is out of the bag. The "unwritten agree- 
ment" between the railroads concerning the trans- 
portation of citrus fruits grown in California has 

come to light. Perhaps ii will be better to say that 
the railroad people have admitted that it has come 

to light. The fact that such an agreement existed 
has been too notorious to permit of denial. Things 
have come to such a pass nowadays that a man of 
average keenness of intellect will not believe a rail- 
road owner, except under oath, whenever those 
things most directly concerning the people are un- 
der discussion. During the investigation 
"Our of the Ilarriman merger case it has been 
State" officially admitted, under oath, that the 
two big trunk lines entering California — 
the Southern Pacific and the Santa Fe — have been 
and still are observing an unwritten agreement 
whereby they share about equally the profits from 
the transportation of citrus fruits, each refusing to 
enter "the territory of the other" after the fruit has 
been packed. "The territory of the other!" This 
means that each conceives that it owns certain por- 
tions of the state, into which the other dares not 
enter for the purpose of competing for trade. Well, 
well, well ! 

* * * 

If Coroner Lanterman has been correctly quoted 
in a local newspaper, he regards inquests as an un- 
necessary luxury and thinks that the county and city 
police departments are of little use as protective in- 
stitutions. He is credited with the admission that 
he believed an inquest to be unnecessary in one case 
where a young man is supposed to have committed 
suicide. It is true that a coroner frequently has im- 
posed upon him rather delicate tasks — the mysteri- 
ous death of young Andrew D. 
Are Inquests White, for instance. But that the 
Unnecessary? city police department and the 
sheriff's office refuse to co-operate 
with the coroner in cases where crime is believed 
to have been committed seems hardly probable. If 
the suggestions made by Coroner Lanterman are 
based upon conditions that actually exist, the 
quicker both these offices undergo a rigid investiga- 
tion the better it will be for Los Angeles city and 
county. Until Dr. Lanterman makes a specific 
charge, which is his duty under the circumstances, 
the public will view his assertions with some 

* * * 

Agents of the federal government are reported to 
have secured abundant evidence that a large number 
of wealthy Californians are involved in gigantic 
land frauds in this state. The evidence is said to be 
of a most positive nature. Good. Every time a 
man or combination of men robs the government 
of timber or of land he robs the people — that means 
that he robs you. If the government agents keep 

The Pacific Outlook 

probing they doubtless will find that the recent story 
written by a man named Norcross 
After the and published in Hearst's Cosmo- 
Rich Thieves politan, to the effect that Frederick 
Weyerhaeuser owns something like 
thirty millions of acres of timber land in the West 
and Northwest, was printed for the purpose of 
deceiving the people as to the real source of owner- 
ship, which is understood to be the Harriman rail- 
road combine. The story, which obtained wide 
circulation at the time, undoubtedly was inspired 
by a desire to ward off investigation and save Harri- 
man, who handles Hearst as he handles thousands 
of others. The government is getting to the core, 
and when it reaches the goal it will have to hold 
its nose. 

* * * 

What so rare as a day in February ! During the 
early days of the month the East has been gripped 
by zero weather, the Middle West and the North- 
west have passed through the throes of a blizzard, 
Oregon and Washington and Northern California 
have become clothed in sleet, and even the usually 
balmy Southern States have not escaped from dis- 
agreeable conditions. In the meantime Southern 
California has been basking beneath the smiles of 

sunny skies, in spite of the predictions 
A Day in of the weather bureau. Those who come 
February to our Southland in the expectation of 

beholding eternal sunshine will be dis- 
appointed, of course. We don't want eternal sun- 
shine, for the rains add millions to the wealth of 
the country and wash away the germs of disease 
which loiter in secret places. But there is little in 
the climate of Southern California to repel and 
much to attract. February, which in most sections 
of this big land of ours is a month to be dreaded, 
holds great attractions to those who prefer to remain 
out of doors as much as possible. Thus far February, 
1907, surely gives this class little cause for com- 

* * * 

The plan to re-populate the California desert and 
forest reserves with antelope is one which should 
receive the hearty co-operation of the people of the 
state. We Californians are too prone to keep our 
hearts and minds on the more material things. We 
have none too much sentiment. It is a great pity, 
that we have allowed the big game to become well- 
nigh extinct. But it is not entirely a matter of 
sentiment that should actuate us in getting to- 
gether for the purpose of giving the state a fine 
herd of antelope. There is a utili- 

Bring in tarian viewpoint. Antelope are a 

the Antelope fine article of diet, and, if properly 

protected, with extremely heavy 

penalties provided for slaughtering them for several 

vears to come, a small herd is bound to reach no 

mean proportions. Major Frederick Burnham, the 
author of the scheme to bring a number of antelope 
here from Africa, has given us a valuable idea. He 
proposes to establish a herd of these animals on the 
mountain slopes, with the consent of the forestry 
bureau ; but it will be time and money wasted for 
him to do so unless the State Legislature can be 
persuaded to impose heavy penalties for killing 
them off for several years to come. 

* * * 

The people of Riverside have become the parents 
of a brilliant scheme for the consumption of fifteen 
hundred cars of California oranges on March 1, and 
they are calling upon the press of America to boost 
the project along - . Their effort in this direction 
consists in an address sent out to "the press of the 
United States" in which it is announced that the 
orange producers of this state want March 1 set 
aside as a "national orange day," on which every 
man, woman and child in the country will 
Orange be expected to eat one California orange 
Holiday "in order to assist the greatest industry 
of the great State of California." In par- 
tial justification of their idea they state that Presi- 
dent Roosevelt planted one of the original navel 
orange trees in the patio of the Glenwood Mission 
Inn, and from that tree luscious oranges are sent 
every year to the President. We are fearful that 
this beautiful project will die a-borning; but we 
willingly enter the list of "boosters." We will agree 
to eat our orange — if we have tife price on March 1. 

* * * 

The New York State Commission of Gas and 
Electricity has recommended to the legislature of 
that state that the present law be amended so that 
complaint as to price, quality, and purity of gas or 
electricity may be made by twenty-five customers 
in the territory served where it contains less than 
one thousand population, by fifty customers where 
the population is between one thousand and five 
thousand, by seventy-five customers where the 
population is between five thousand and ten thou- 
sand, and by one hundred customers in all other 
places. This amendment makes it pos- 
Happy sible for the consumers in any commun- 
Thought ity who consider themselves aggrieved 
to have an investigation and the price 
and quality of the gas furnished regulated by the 
state. The New York law, while not perfect, af- 
fords gas and electricity consumers some measure 
of relief from corporations which are wont to im- 
pose upon the public. With the enactment of a 
similar law in California, with such changes as are 
proposed by the New York commission, there 
would be some hope that consumers of gas might 
receive just consideration at the hands of such mon- 
opolies as that established by the Los Angeles Gas 
and Electric Company. 

The Pacific Outlook 

There is one defect — and to us it appears to be a 

in the primary law introduced 

into the State Legislature by Assemblyman I. cods. 

>n j.^ of the bill makes this provision: "Each 

political party and its regularly nominated candi- 
mbers and officials shall have the sole and 
exclusive right to the use of the party name and 
the whole thereof, and no candidate for office shall 
In- permitted to use any word of the name of any 
other political party than that by which 
The Leeds he is nominated. No independent or 
Bill non-partisan candidate shall be per- 

mitted to use any word of the name of 
any existing political party or organization in his 
candidacy." This section applies to candidates or 
nominees for office at a general, county or municipal 
election. If it should become a law, it would mean 
that no candidate for any office would be permitted 
to go before the people as an "Independent Demo- 
crat." an "Independent Republican," a "Social 
Democrat," or as the nominee of any other branch 
oi either of the dominant national parties. 
* * * 
Twenty-three to Section 23! It is vicious. It 
clearly exhibits the handiwork of the Southern Pa- 
cific machine. While it would not hamper the Non- 
Partisans of Los Angeles, as now organized, in 
their efforts to put a ticket into the field, it would 
end forever, if enacted into law, all hope of Inde- 
pendent Republican or Independent Democratic 
nominations under the respective names of these 
two great parties. There is no probability that an 
intelligent partisan Republican voter, for example, 
would be at all in doubt as to the ticket of his choice 
with a regular Republican and an Independent Re- 
publican ticket before him. The 
"Twenty-three" measure proposed appears to be 
to Section 23 aimed at the division of the domi- 
nant party in California at elec- 
tion time, it being the intention of the machine 
politicians to prevent, if possible, the formation of 
a working independent organization within the 
ranks of that party. It is so clearly the fruit of the 
efforts of the Southern Pacific bosses that every 
advocate of decent government should exert all his 
influence to defeat it. Late advices from Sacra- 
mento are to the effect that the Leeds bill is doomed 
to defeat and that the Stetson bill, which follows 
the lines of the Illinois and Oregon primary- laws, 
will receive greatest favor. Nevertheless it will be 
well to watch the progress of the Leeds bill until 
its death — or the death of Section 23 — is assured. 
* * * 
Xews that the University of California has hit 
upon the plan of sending to Southern California 
seven of its prettiest girl students for the purpose 
of advertising the big institution proves that higher 
education is stimulating to the brain. The seven 
envoys are to be chosen bv vote and it is understood 

that the Chamber of Commerce will assist in enter- 
taining the young women. Evidently the desire is 
i" awaken the interest of the young nun who are 
!ikel\ to go to college, and the question presents 

itself whether this may not be un- 

Boys Will Be fair discrimination. All the state 

Interested universities have periods of alarm 

over the preponderance of co-eds 
and the question .irises: Is this a deliberate attempt 
to encourage the matriculation of boys and to 
ignore the aspirations of girls? In any event it will 
be safe for the seven types of beauty to look their 
best and to wear clothes that are the very latest 
fashion, for they will be sure to be criticised by 
their sisters of the South. Of course they will be 
received with great hospitality, but human nature 
' — especially feminine human nature — will assert 

* * * 

After the glowing advertisements announcing 
William Jennings Bryan's anxiety that the news- 
boys should profit greatly by the recent lecture of 
the most famous Democrat in the land, it is disap- 
pointing to learn that the Lark Ellen • Home re- 
ceived but $165.65, although one of the largest au- 
diences ever assembled in Simpson Auditorium 
greeted the lecturer. The gross proceeds were 
$1031, half of which went to Mr. Bryan. Advertis- 
ing and other expenses consumed 

Used the $351.05, and, of course, there was 

Wrong Pedals not much left for the young bene- 
ficiaries. The contrast between 
the amount of praise given the famous speaker for 
his generosity and the amount of money given the 
newsboys for their home is, nevertheless, so great 
as to attract attention and to emphasize the dis- 
appointment. The soft pedal was put on for the 
political stop and the loud pedal for the philan- 
thropic stop, when, the pressure should have beenj 

* * * 

Notables on the Gridiron 

At the late banquet of the famous Gridiron Club 
in Washington the lampoon poets worked off these 
jingles on two men in whom the residents of Los 
Angeles are more or less interested : 

Of William J. Bryan the "Who's Who" said : 
If at first you don't succeed. 

Run, run again. 
Show you're of a racing breed, 

Run, run again. 
Though you may not clear the fence 

When election strife's intense, 
Take a brace and four years hence 
Run, run again. 

This jest was at the expense of the railroad czar: 
A man of much money named Harriman 
Remarked: "I was never a scary man : 
If my railroads they take 
T will build a big lake 
And then collect fares as a ferryman." 

The Pacific Outlook 


B>6e Open Door to Japanese Trade May be Barred to America if we Adopt 

the Narrow Japanese Policy Proposed 

By Osborne Howes, Honorary Consul for Japan in Boston 

There are many reasons for thinking that with the 
gradual awakening of the Chinese to a better knowl- 
edge of the conditions of modern life the trade de- 
mands of these hundreds of millions of people will 
furnish a market greater than that which has been 
thus far supplied by any European nation. If it 
were not for the Japanese, we, as next neighbors 
to the Chinese, would be in a position almost to 
monopolize this business of supplying their needs ; 
but as much nearer neighbors than we the Japanese 
count upon making for themselves great trade gains 
as the outcome of Chinese patronage. 

It is at this point, if anywhere, that a clash of 
interests may arise between Japan and the United 
States. Seven or eight years ago we sold annually 
in Manchuria between $5,000,000 and $6,000,000 
worth of cotton piece goods. Our shipments of 
piece goods to Manchuria in the last year or two 
have had an annual value of approximately $30,- 
000,000. This is undoubtedly a trade which the 
Japanese manufacturers would greatly like to 
possess. They are the chief purchasers of the prod- 
ucts of the Manchurian farmers, and they see no 
reason why the latter should not purchase cotton 
cloth made in Japan. They have as full possession 
of the southern and most densely settled part of 
Manchuria, in all but nominal sovereignty, as we 
have of the Philippine Islands. The only barriers 
in the way of the establishment by them of a trade 
monopoly are the antebellum professions made by 
them in favor of equal trade opportunities in the 
Chinese Empire. 

If the American people had spent a billion dollars 
of their money and had sacrificed the lives of scores 
of thousands of their citizens for the purpose of 
preventing- some great foreign power from obtain- 
ing possession of, let us say, the Dominion of 
Canada, and after these outgoes had been made, and 
with the tacit consent of the Canadian people, were 
in governmental possession of Canada, I am inclined 
to believe that it would be exceedingly difficult, no 
matter what promises had been previously made, to 
prevent our government from enacting laws favor- 
ing American trade development in Canada by re- 
stricting and interfering with the free entrance into 
that country of the products of Japan, England and 
German)'. In other words, judging by experiences 
in the Philippine Islands, it is reasonably safe to 
assume that we would not accord to foreign nations^ 
the same trade facilities that we maintain for our- 
selves in a country where the possession had been 

obtained and was continued at what was to us a 
great national expense. 

I feel confident, however, that the Japanese in 
Manchuria and in all parts of China proper will 
adopt a completely different course. They will ap- 
ply in entire good faith the principle of the "open 
door." The rivalry for the possession of these East- 
ern markets will be the fair competition of trade, 
the prizes of competition to go to those who under 
these conditions can show the best results. There 
is, however, this qualification to be made, so far as 
the trade of the United States is concerned. The 
Japanese by grafting our civilization upon their 
own, by winning industrial triumphs in peace and 
bioody victories in war, have proved themselves to 
be, from whatever standpoint they may be judged, 
a people fitted to stand in the front rank of nations. 
They have won this position by the payment of an 
immense price, and hence it is not surprising that 
they are proud of their success, and tenaciously in- 
sistent upon full recognition of their equality in the 
sisterhood of great nations. 

If the Congress of the United States should adopt 
a restrictive policy, and should for a greater or less 
time interdict the coming to this country of immi- 
grants from Europe, Asia, Africa and South Amer- 
ica, the Japanese would make no protest, recognizing 
that this was on our part neither more nor less than 
the assertion of a policy which their statesmen had 
adopted and had for generations applied. But if, 
while admitting Italians, Hungarians, Russians, 
Armenians and hosts of other foreigners, a discrim- 
ination is laid down against the Japanese, a people 
who believe that they have the right to rank with 
the highest and best of the world, then national 
resentment will immediately be aroused. There is, 
. I think, no foreign legislation, except our exclusion 
act, that excites the least interest in the minds of 
the people of China; but that act made possible a 
political miracle. It united a hitherto disorganized 
people in a widespread agreement not to purchase 
American products, a "boycott" which but for 
strenuous official intervention would have been 
maintained and generally applied. Add to the Chi- 
ese exclusion act the exclusion of the Japanese, and 
under the diplomatic leadership of the latter the 
"open door" to trade in the Orient will be not only 
shut in our faces, but it will be bolted and barred 
against us. Our countrymen on the Pacific slope 
will then face a barren sea, and the sentiment of 
Asia for the Asiatics will be the controlling com- 
mercial policy in the Far East. 

The Pacific Outlook 


One and Three Quarters Millions of Children "Were Breadwinners in 1900, 
and in 20.452 Families 35 Per Cent of the Worhers Were Under Fifteen 

A recent bulletin of the Census Bureau is author- 
ity for the statement that in [500 1,750,178 children 
ten to fifteen years of age were employed in various 
occupations in the United States. Of the total, 1,- 
054.44(1 were employed on the farm, and most of 
these children were members of the farmers' fami- 
lies. Xext in importance to agricultural laborers 
comes domestic service, or the occupations of ser- 
vants and waiters or waitresses, in which 138.065 
children were employed, most of them being girls. 

The extent of the evils of child labor depends 
partly upon the age of the child and partly upon 
the character of the occupation in which the child 
is employed. About one-third of the children em- 
ployed in gainful occupations were fifteen years of 
age, and more than one-half were fourteen or fifteen 
years. The number under fourteen was 790,623,- or 
45.2 per cent, of the total. Of the total number of 
child breadwinners ten to fifteen years of age 72.2 
per cent, were boys and 27.8 per cent, girls. In 
most states the employment of young children is 
more or less restricted by laws limiting or prohibit- 
ing child labor and requiring school attendance. 
But there are few legal restrictions applicable to 
children who are over fourteen years of age. By 
the time the children reach the age of fifteen years 
50.6 per cent, of the boys and 21.4 per cent, of the 
girls have become workers. 

The cotton mills furnish employment to children 
to a greater extent than any other manufacturing or 
mechanical industry. In 1900 the number of cotton 
mill operatives ten to fifteen years of age was 44,- 
427, and they formed eighteen per cent, of the total 
number of persons mere than ten years of age en- 
gaged in that occupation. Of the total number of 
child cotton mill operatives 80.4 per cent, were re- 
ported from two comparatively small areas. The 
New England States contained 30.8 per cent., and. 
three Southern States — North Carolina, South Caro- 
lina and Georgia — contained 49.6 per cent. In the 
North about one cotton mill operative in every ten 
was ten to fifteen years of age, while in the South 
the corresponding ratio is about three in every ten. 
The difference in these proportions is partly ac- 
counted for by the difference in the labor laws of 
these two sections. 

Of the 71,622 messengers and errand and office 
boys in the United States in 1900, 62 per cent, were 
district and telegraph messengers and errand boys, 
2 3-3 P er cent, were office boys, and 14.7 per cent. 
were bundle and cash boys or girls. Nine-tenths 
of the children cm] loyed in such service are boys. 

Children -f Ecreiga birth or parentage make up the 
bulk of the messenger and errand and office boys. 

The employment of children in mines and quar- 
ries is a phase of the child labor problem which, in 
popular judgment, is especially objectionable. In 
11,00 of the children ten to fifteen years of age gain- 
fully employed 24.209, or 1.4 per cent., were engaged 
in mining and quarrying. Of this number, 24,105 
were males and 104 females. Approximately seven 
out of every eight children reported as mine and 
quarry workers were employed as coal miners. 

In 1900 the occupation of the textile worker or 
the needle trades furnished employment to 35,070 
children between ten and fifteen years of age, of 
whom 5,133 were boys and 29,934 were girls. The 
tailors and tailoresses numbered 10,913; the seams- 
tresses, 7,661 ; the dressmakers, 6,698, and the mil- 
liners, 3,227. There were 6,571 other textile workeis 
making hats, caps, shirts, etc. 

The total number of families with children em- 
ployed in gainful occupations for which statistics 
were specially compiled was 20,452. This number 
is less than the total number of child breadwinners, 
because of the cases in which two or more of these 
child breadwinners were living in the same family. 
The total number of persons, or total popula- 
tion living in these 20,452 families was 138,- 
908. Of these families those comprising seven 
members are more numerous than those of any 
other one class. There are, however, nearly as many 
families of six, and the next most important class is 
that of families of eight. These three classes are 
represented by a total of 9,896 families. 

The breadwinners who were heads of families 
represented only 25.1 per cent., or' about one-fourth 
of the total number of breadwinners. The bread- 
winners under fifteen years of age constituted 35.7 
per cent., or more than one-third,' of the total; and 
those fifteen to twenty years of age constituted 28.1 
per cent. The total number of breadwinners is al- 
most the same as the total number of dependents. 
One-half (49.9 per cent.) of the population living in 
these families were breadwinners. In the total 
population of the United States the percentage of 
breadwinners not including those under ten years of 
age, is 38.3. 

There were 188 families in which there w-ere no 
older breadwinners, representing apparently a con- 
dition of complete dependence upon child labor. 
The figures would indicate that some of these fami- 
lies could hardly have been self-supporting. They 
include twenty-three families with five dependents 

The Pacific Outlook 

each, nineteen with six, eight with seven, and one 
with eight. It would hardly seem possible that a 
child, or even two or three children, could earn 
enough to support such large families. These rep- 
resent the most extreme cases of necessity for child 
labor. That they are not typical cases is indicated 
by the fact that they include only two per cent, of 
the total number of families. 

At the other extreme there were 264 families with 
no dependents, all the older members, as well as the 
children, being breadwinners. Of these families 
seventy-five had only one older breadwinner, while 

eighty-seven had two, and the others had three or 
more, twenty having not less than five each. In 
such families child labor would appear to be entire- 
ly unnecessary. 

In the families with child breadwinners school- 
ing rarely extends beyond the age of thirteen. Of 
the children fourteen years of age, 97.4 per cent, 
were employed and only 1.6 per cent, were at school. 
The percentage of school children is a little higher 
in the next older years. It is evident that a con- 
siderable number of the families that had children 
ten to fourteen years of age at work had older 
children attending school. 


Illuminating Experiences of a Young' Woman i n Search of Employment as a 
Type-writer — A. Pertinent Suggestion to trie "War Department 

By Mudrid 

I am new to the business and am perfectly willing 
to admit it. An overwhelming desire for an insight 
into life in the business world and incidentally the 
need of wherewithal to pay board bills explains my 
venture here.. And here's that it may not prove a 
mis-adventure ! It's sure a pity when one must toast 
one's self. 

Having some knowledge of Greek, shorthand .was 
not difficult to learn, but to be a "write-typer" 
lequired patience out of the ordinary. Fortunately, 
or unfortunately, as it afterward developed, I se- 
cured "office room" with a portly gentleman in San 
Francisco, who assured me he had very little work — 
just a letter "now and then." It is astonishing how 
elastic that phrase is,, and "office, room" ! That looks 
rather well, as I print it, and I'm sure it sounds all 
right, but verily the truth is not in it. "Office" may 
be allowable — most anything conies under that head 
since the "quake", but room — no ! there I draw the 
line, but even for that I'll be obliged to encroach 
upon the portly gentleman's territory. "But a line 
divides the false and true" — I wonder what Omar 
meant? I really feel in sympathy with the fellow 
who said his room was so small that if he asked 
himself a question he'd be obliged to go outside to 
answer it. . But as I'm tired of asking myself ques- 
tions, that feature need not trouble me. 

I was told cards — -"business cards" — were a 
necessity, likewise • a sign "Public Stenographer." 
That sign business worried me not a little — I hated 
to spend the money, and besides I was convinced 
two words were not enough with which to usher 
in a brand new venture like mine ; in truth I felt 
the necessity of telling them all about it on that sign 
— it would save so much time when the rush began 
— but as words come high in the sign world, I was 
obliged to content myself with the aforesaid two. 

Having the cards, I must get rid of them, so, 
putting a goodly number into my bag, I sallied forth, 
imbued with a world of courage and self-confidence, 
for had I not much to offer? But somehow, go in 
one of those doors I could not ; even the realization 
of having little other than the cards in my purse 
was not sufficient. I retraced my steps, trying to 
comfort myself with the hope that some one might 
( ome in, and sure enough, he did. 

Would that I were an artist that I might picture 

Estelle Caton 

him to you ; words are hopelessly inadequate. As 
to looks, a handsome- Italian — as to clothes, seedy, 
with the inevitable red tie. We were both nervous 
and when he finally managed to ask if I could 
"work a da machine" the tension was somewhat 
relieved. I assured him I could work it fine, when 
he produced from his inner recesses a bit of 
crumpled paper which proved to be a decidedly 
soiled Bill of Fare. "Would the lady help him?" 
and being told it would be the "lady's pleasure" he 
confided that he was the sole proprietor of a saloon 
not far away and that he wanted to serve a lunch in 
connection therewith. It required much earnest 
thought to decide whether he should give two or 
three scrambled eggs with coffee for fifteen cents; 
but having dined on two eggs and having felt an 
emptiness yet to be filled, I put forth all the elo- 
quence of which I am capable, and three eggs won. 
It really was a creditable piece of work, though it 
was hard to concentrate my attention with those 
soulful dark eyes watching every movement. 

I was very proud when I pocketed my first dollar, 
and when Tony — that proved to be . his name — 
leturned and with a supreme effort said "You mak 
a da fine pardner," my triumph was complete. Then 
I was sure I need not starve — had I not a dollar, 
and could I not get three scrambled eggs and coffee 
for fifteen cents? And if I was considered eligible 
to be a partner in a concern of such standing, at the 
very beginning, to what heights might I not aspire? 
You who have been in the business years, tell me, 
why it is men take it for granted a stenographer 
wouldn't feel quite at home without a cloud of 
smoke in her face? Were I accused of smoking cig- 
arettes, my clothes would convict me beyond ques- 
tion, so saturated are they with smoke of all degrees. 
I'm really getting to be a connoisseur on smoke, and 
in a way it is useful. If a man comes in wearing 
shiny clothes but smoking two-for-a-quarter cigars, 
I invariably ask for pay in advance. It's the best 
way, for he is either addicted to playing the slot 
machine, or works his friends, and has a fair chance 
of going up in smoke anyway. 

I've noticed another peculiarity of men in offices — ■ 
they seem to have a natural antipathy to sitting up 
straight in a chair, and immediately look about for 
a mantel or something to put their feet on. I be- 

The P a ci 

lievc it would be "good business" to fit up a shop 
in this wise — have plenty of mantels and adjustable 
arm rcst^, plenty of cushions, and I don't see why 
a cigar stand in connection wouldn't pay. If as- 
sured beyond question that he could smoke con- 
tinuously, be might even dictate his love letters. 
Talk about not knowing a man until you many 
him. I'm inclined, even from this brief experience, 
to think that writing his letters would serve equally 

And cuspidors! I had never given them any 
thought at all. but I assure you they deserve your 
consideration. No other one article receives so 
much attention or is so necessary in this commercial 
world, and you unsophisticated ones, if you are 
beguiled into taking office room wherein these are 
not included. I beg of you to forfeit your rent or 
march down and buy at least three; put one in front 
of you. one to the left of you and one to the right 
of you. and if you can afford it, buy another and put 
it behind you. Then you are protected fairly well, 
though occasionally you will strike a cross-eyed 
customer, in which case either say you are busy 
or take the consequences. I am wondering why the 
army does not incorporate that sort of shot as a test 
of marksmanship, for sureby any masculine failing 
to hit one of those four receptacles couldn't be 
trusted to hit the side of a barn in an emergency. 
I've read tales of countries where it's the fashion 
to color one's teeth — never thought I'd care for it. 
but am fast reaching a stage where I don't believe 
I'd notice it. 

You may jump to the conclusion that I deal with 
a queer class of people. Not so — that is, so far as 
looks or clothes. If I should meet any one of them 
at Mrs. So and So's dinner it is quite probable I'd 
mistake him for a gentleman. It's a mystery to me 
how they endure it then — maybe that's why they 
must make up for lost time — don't want to mix 
business with pleasure, for they certainly make a 
business of tobacco using. 

I remember one patron who worried me not a 
little, he wheezed so. I thought he had asthma 
or hay fever, but found it was his pipe — he couldn't 
stop smoking long enough to clean it. Some of 
them .puff and blow so, to the uninitiated, they 
appear about to have a. fit, and the San Francisco 
fogs — they are nothing to the volume of smoke one 
man can produce in a half an hour. 

As I said before, they look all right. This one, 
for instance ; his dress is immaculate, his size ex- 
ceeded only by his sens.e of his own importance. A 
Supreme Court judge,/ surely, or possibly one of the 
supervisors. He might be the President himself 
stating his views on the Japanese question, so 
freighted with responsibility is his voice when he 
asks if I "am accustomed to legal work?" It being 
against my principles to admit there is anything I 
cannot do, I announce my legal qualifications with- 
out a moment's hesitation, but with inward trep- 
idation, which unfortunately expresses itself in my 
fingers until I wonder if St. Vitus is upon me. when 
lo! 'tis a lease of a corner a block away for the pur- 
pose of "conducting thereon the business of a 
saloon." one paragraph being devoted to the restric- 
tion of any encroachment thereon by any disreput- 
able business. He wished his right in that direction 
clearly understood. 

It's a great business for the study of human 
nature — this public stenographic work. If "variety 

fie Outlook ii 

is the spice of life" then an office like this spells 

"pickles" to the average soul— that is. if von have 
read enough of I (mar to let the other fellow do the 

worrying. It gives you an extensive vocabularx 

and a far-reaching, comprehensive insight into the 
mentality and morality of man. 

It was difficult at first to accept people as I found 
them. For instance; one morning I called in a 
spick and span office ami asked in my most dignified 
manner if I might leave my card— stating I could 
assure them <>{ prompt, efficient service. To mj 
utter astonishment the two men (I ought to say 
boys— they certainly were immature) calmly looked 
in over in a leisurely manner and one said in a 
'in ist cordial way : " I don't know about your work, 
but you look mighty good to me." I assure you 
I'm a very plain, demure individual, with nothing 
in my manner or dress to indicate rapid transit. It 
required a world of moral courage to make my next 
call— they were thoughtless and could not know 
what effect their casual words might have. Many 
of us are guilty of the same fault— though probably 
not in the same direction. 

* * * 

Mamma at tKe Phone 

Our phone is on a party wire, 

Our letter it is L, 
And when some one would speak to us 

The central rings the bell; 
And mamma, when she hears it rino-, 

Unless she is alone. 
Calls out to all the family: 

"Somebody 'tend the phone!" 

When some one calls up J or R 

Or B upon the line 
Our telephone it does not ring, 

But flutters faint and fine ; 
And when she hears within the box 

That call for those unknown, 
Whatever else she has on hand — 

Then mamma's at the phone. 

Anon, she hears the gentle purr 

Within the wooden box — 
She's darning sister's stockings 

Or little brother's socks — ■ 
But these she quickly lays aside : 

" 'Three pounds and plenty bone' — 
"She's getting soup for dinner," 

Says mamma at the phone. 

Another flutter in the box 

Brings mamma to her feet; 
"Sh ! 'This is Mrs. Jones,' " she says, 

"Of Umpty-umptieth street; 
'One ticket for the gallery' — 

"She must be going alone ; 
'Oh, yes; it's for the matinee,' " 

Adds mamma at the phone. 

Sometimes when mamma hears the purr, 

Say once or twice a week, 
She lingers at the telephone 

And smiles but does not speak. 
And when we ask, "What's doing now?" 
In an impatient tone, 
"Go on and play and never mind." 
Says mamma at the phone. 

— New York Sun. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Review of a L-ate "WorK THat Has Brought Down a Storm of Indignant 
Protest — What trie Proscribed Production Really Is 

Inasmuch as the American public has declined to. 
sanction the opera of "Salome", joint creation of the 
poetic imagination of Oscar Wilde and the musical 
genius of Richard Strauss it is of interest to study 
the outline of the book. The production of "Salome" 
at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, 
brought down a storm of indignant protest so 
severe that the directors of the big theater cheer- 
fully agreed to pay losses incurred by its hasty 
withdrawal from the stage. Madame Olive Frem- 
sted, who gave such a terribly realistic delineation 
of the character that hundreds of men and women 
left their seats after she had kissed the bleeding 
head of John the Baptist, is suffering from nervous 
prostration — and surely no one will wonder that 
she should feel something of the reaction from the 
shock she gave the public — while Heinrich Conried 
is so seriously ill that his duties have fallen upon 
the shoulders of Ernest Goerlitz. 

In the February number of "The Craftsman" is 
a strong review of the play and the opera by Kath- 
arine Metcalf Roof, written before the curtain had 
risen upon "Salome". Following is an extract from 
an essay of many pages : 

Salome is of an age barbaric, yet effete, primitive, 
yet decadent, an age of blood and violence. She is 
a child in years, yet a woman in her consciousness 
of life and of her own seductive powers. She comes 
upon the scene fleeing from the undesired attentions 
of her stepfather Herod in the banquet hall. Indif- 
ferent to the adoration of the young Syrian soldier 
who humbly addresses her, her attention is attracted 
by the voice of John the Baptist prophesying from 
the pit, an empty subterranean cistern, where he is 
imprisoned. The entire action takes place upon the 
marble terrace of the palace in the moonlight. Be- 
low and beyond lies the unholy city wrapped in the 
veil of the tropical night. The sound of the pro- 
phet's voice arouses Salome's curiosity. She asks 
the man's name and is told that it is Ipkanaan — the 
author uses the Hebrew ver.sion of the name — who 
is imprisoned there by the king's command. She 
desires to see the holy man and commands the 
young Syrian soldier, who is custodian of the pris- 
oner, to have him brought out for a moment that 
she may see him. The soldier, who is under oath 
not to release him, at first refuses. Salome uses her 
arts to beguile him, promising him, "a little flower''' 
if he will give her one glimpse of the prophet. 

Finally, unable to withstand her, the young 
soldier orders Iokanaan to be brought forth. The 
prophet's wild and rugged look first repels, then 
fascinates Salome. She draws near and addresses 
him. "Thy mouth is redder than the feet of them 
that tread the wine in the wine press. It is redder 
than the feet of the doves who inhabit the temple. 
* * * Suffer me to kiss thy mouth." Iokanaan 
repulses her harshly: "Never! daughter of Baby- 
lon!" But Salome replies softly: "I will kiss thy 
mouth, Iokanaan." Then the young Syrian soldier 
pleads with her: "Princess, thou who art like a gar- 

den of myrrh, thou who art the dove of all doves, 
look not at this man. I can not endure it." Salome, 
unheeding, says again, with the insistence of a child: 
"I will kiss thy mouth, Iokanaan." 

The young soldier kills himself and falls between 
Salome and Iokanaan, but Salome does not even 

A young soldier addresses Salome, "Princess, the 
young captain has just slain himself." But Salome 
only repeats, with her eyes upon the prophet, "Suf- 
fer me to kiss thy mouth, Iokanaan." The prophet 
answers, "Art thou not afraid, daughter of Her- 
odias? Did I not tell thee that I had heard in the 
palace the beating of the wings of the angel of death 
and hath he not come?" Then he urges her to re- 
pentance. But Salome has only one answer. Then 
the prophet arraigns her solemnly, "Salome, thou 
art accursed." 

But as he disappears into the pit Salome runs 
lightly across the terrace and calls down with soft 
and terrible defiance: "I wilPkiss thy mouth, 
Iokanaan !" 

Herod comes upon the terrace, his brain befogged 
with wine, his conscience uneasy with his crimes, 
for, unlike the implacable Herodias and her daugh- 
ter, Salome, Herod is capable of remorse. The 
Tetrarch is moody, his mind wanders — "I am pass- 
ing sad tonight — I am sad tonight, therefore dance 
for me, Salome, I beseech." 

Salome at first refuses. She sits apart in black 
mood, brooding. Herod begins to bribe her. "If 
thou wilt dance for me thou mayest ask of me what 
thou wilt and I will give it thee, even to the half of 
my kingdom." 

Then a thought strikes her. She rises. "Will 
you indeed give me whatsoever I shall ask?" Herod 
repeats : "Even to the half of my kingdom." 

Then Salome dances. In the music of the opera 
at this point, the motive 'that expresses Salome's 
desire underlies the dance rhythms, showing that it 
is of Iokanaan and her growing plan of revenge 
that she is thinking as she dances. When it is over 
and the king in a transport asks the girl what she 
wishes, there is a pause. Then, more childlike than 
at any previous moment, Salome begins to answer, 
"I ask that they bring me" — she hesitates. Herod 
nods fatuously, she continues, "upon a silver platter 
— " He repeats foolishly, "upon a silver platter — 
aye, aye, a silver platter — " Salome finishes, "the 
head of Iokanaan !" 

Then there is consternation. Herod, frightened, 
tries to withdraw. He pleads with her : "Ask of me 
something else. Ask of me half of my kingdom." 
Herodias, alarmed at this suggestion, repeats harsh- 
ly, "You have given your oath, Herod." He con- 
tinues to plead with Salome, offering her priceless 

But Salome, like a child, again answers to every- 
thing, "Give me the head of Iokanaan." Finally 
Herod sinks back exhausted. "Let her be given 
what she asks. Of a truth she is her mother's 
child." Herodias slips the ring of death from 

The Pacific Outlook 


Herod's half unconscious finger, and gives it to the 

executioner, v. down into the pit. Salome 

leans over the hrink and listens. Hearing no sound 
she begins to rave of the executioner's cowardice. 
and commands the soldiers to go down and bring 
her the head. Then the hlack arm of the execu- 
tioner rises from the pit. holding aloft the silver 
platter and upon it the head of Iokanaan. Salome 
seizes it. Herod hides his face, llerodias sits and 
fans herself. The onlookers fall upon their knees. 
Then Salome addresses the head. The scene, the 
idea, dwelt upon is. of course, unspeakably revolt- 
ing: yet done in the semi-darkness, as on the Ger- 
man stage, the beholder is spared most of the horror 
of realism. Addressing the head, Salome says. "Ah, 
Iokanaan, thou wert the man that I loved among 
men ! All other men were hateful to me. Lint thou 
wert beautiful! * * * If thou hadst seen me, 
thou hadst loved me. I saw thee and I loved thee." 
Herod rises outraged by the sight. "Put out the 
torches! Hide the moon! Hide the stars! Let us 
hide ourselves in our palace. Herodias, I begin to 
be afraid." Out of the darkness, the voice of Salome 
is heard: "I have kissed thy mouth, Iokanaan." 
Then Herod gives the command, "Kill the woman!" 
and the soldiers, rushing forward, crush Salome be- 
neath their shields. 

It is apparent why- New York, which has been 
able to accept much that is obnoxious in the name 
of dramatic art, should rebel against "Salome." In 
an interview Mr. Conried declared that Richard 
Strauss had insisted that not one detail of the stage 
business should be omitted. "I realized only too 
well from the first." he said, "that in part the opera 
would prove objectionable, and yet I was bound fo 
give it at the first performance exactly as it was 

The play upon which the opera is built was 
written for Madame Bernhardt, who never produced 
it. Its performance was prohibited in England, but 
it has been given a number of times in Germany. 
The opera was first heard in Dresden in December, 
1005. The kaiser forbade its presentation in Berlin, 
but recently he has withdrawn his edict against it. 

"Salome" as an opera may be under ban here in 
the United States, but the character, nevertheless, 
has been chosen by Julia Marlowe, who, with Mr. 
Sothern, began an eight weeks' engagement at the 
Lvric Theater, New York, in Sudermann's 
"Johannes", January 28. 

* * * 

"Western Pacific Will be Built 

Reports prevalent in Wall" Street recently of a 
settlement of the long standing differences between 
E, H. Harriman and George J. Gould brought out 
the information that, as far as the lines west of 
Pittsburg are concerned, the most prominent Gould 
official in that territory believes that there has been 
at least a notable mitigation of the former antagon- 
ism. E. T. Jeffery, president of the Denver and Rio 
< rrande and of the Western Pacific, and chairman 
of the Wabash hoard, is the official of the Gould 
lines referred to. and a statement from him in the 
New York Sun comes with all the more authority 
because of bis known position as George J. Gould's 
•'lost trusted ad\ iser. 

"I admit that there were antagonisms two or 
:hree years ago." said Mr. Jeffery. "but I can't see 

.111) points of difference between Mr. Gould and .Mr. 
Harriman now. Of course I can only speak from 
my knowledge of affairs west of Pittsburg, For 

the lines east you must see others." 

Mr. Jeffery added : 

"llie Western Pacific mortgage expressly stipu- 
lates 1 hat the line shall he built all the way through 
from Salt Lake City to San Francisco. That mort- 
gage has been executed, money has been raised 
upon it and we are now checking out against this 
money for construction. If the road were not built 
in its entirety any bondholder could institute a suc- 
cessful action. 

"In regard to various reports to the general effect 
that a right of way through lands of the Southern 
Pacific system has been granted to the Western 
Pacific, I wish to be understood that the Western 
Pacific will have its own right of way. There has, 
however, been cooperation between prominent offi- 
cials of the Harriman and the Gould systems in lay- 
ing out the route. 

"Vergil P. Bosrue, chief engineer of the Western 
Pacific, and Chief Engineer Hood of the Southern 
Pacific are old professional friends. In laying out 
the route of the Western Pacific they have smoothed 
out various points of possible antagonism. The 
route of the Western Pacific is as long as from New 
York to Chicago and at various points the roads will 
run very close to each other. In some places the 
alignment of the Central Pacific has been changed. 

"The people who control the Denver and Rio 
Grande for fifteen years have had in mind getting 
an outlet to the Pacific Coast. There has been ob- 
jection from the outside to the consummation of the 
nlan, hut I cannot see that there is any trouble with 
Mr. Harriman in regard to it now." 

It has been oointed out after the capital was 
raised for the Western Pacific and the rights of way- 
were practically secured Mr. Harriman may very 
well have considered that the time for making an 
effective fight against the construction of the West- 
ern Pacific h^d passed. The allegations have been 
l-irl Kpfnre the Interstate Commerce Commission 
ths>t in the ownership of coal lines and the sale of 
coal there was a harmonious working agreement 
between Harriman and Gould subsidiaries. 

The general opinion in Wall Street, however, was 
that the adjustment of differences between the 
Gould and Harriman interests had not gone far and 
that whatever arrangements had been made were 
purely local and amounted to little more than give 
and take arrangements, such as are freciuent be- 
tween even sharplv competing systems. The opin- 
ion is eenerallv held that Mr. Gould will in no case 
depart from his plan of controlling a transcontinent- 
al system of his own. 

* * * 

A. Question of Accent 
Oliver Herford. who is equally famous as a poet. 

illustrator, and brilliant wit. was entertaining four 

magazine editors at luncheon wdien the bell rang, 

and a maid entered with the mail. 
"Ah." said an editor, "an epistle." 
"No," said Mr. Herford. tearing open the en- 

vc l ope _" no t an epistle, a collect."— The Argonaut. 

* * * 

Aunt — I think you say your prayers very nicely. 
Reggie. Youth Hopeful — Ah. but you should hear 
me garble ! — Punch. 

' + 

The Pacific Outlook 

The Groom in a Dilemma 

There is one man in Los Angeles who has been 
endowed with a mind so resourceful and so well- 
balanced that fame has been thrust upon him. 
He was sitting in his office one morning the week 
before Christmas when a tall young man with a 
poetic height of forehead and length of hair walked 

"Are you Mr. Brown?" the visitor asked. 

Mr. Brown nodded as he looked up from his 
newspaper. . 

"I — I have come on a queer errand," explained the 
young man with a tremolo in his voice. "I have 
heard that you are never dismayed or discouraged 
about anything because you can always think of 
some way out of a dilemma and I have come to 
ask you to help me." j 

"This is one of my busiest days and I don t see 
any reason why I should give you any of my time," 
Mr. Brown answered severely, for he despised 
cigarette smokers and he saw a telltale stain on the 
tapering forefinger of his caller. 

"There isn't any reason why I should be bold 
enough to come to you. But I am desperate !" 

The young man leaned against the roller top desk 
and wiped his brow with a handkerchief which 
showed a big embroidered initial, while he caught 
his breath. "I have heard how you raced with 
another man when you had both picked out the 
same house in the Westlake district and how your 
automobile beat by enough time to enable you _ to 
draw a check before the fellow you raced with 
reached the real estate office. Just today someone 
told me you were so smart you had written parodies 
on the Evening News' cartoon verses, and so, be- 
cause I am fr-r-rantic and as I said before— des- 
per-r-r-rate — Ihave come to you as a last resource." 

"What can I do for you ?" asked Mr. Brown, who 
felt a slight curiosity concerning the stranger. 

"You can advise me," said the young man as he 
sank into a chair. "It is this way. I am an English- 
man and I haven't a relative in this country. Well, 
I am to be married Christmas day and the invita- 
tions are out and all the preparations for the wed- 
ding are made. Maude thought because I am rather 
a deliberate fellow, don't you know — that I ought 
to get the license early and — " 

"Who is Maude?" The inquiry was made in a 
cold, businesslike tone that brought a flush of re- 
sentment to the cheek of the youth. 

"Maude? Why, Maude is the loveliest girl in the 
world — oh, you ought to know her! — she is the girl 
I was to marry Christmas day but I am afraid I 
cannot overcome a monstrous obstacle between me 
and happiness. That is why I came to you." 

"What can I do for you and Maude? You must 
be mad to come here to tell me about your love 
affairs," declared Mr. Brown with indignation in 
his voice. 

"You haven't heard my story," said the young 
man drawing his chair closer to the desk. "When I 
went for the marriage license and they asked me 
my age and I said, 'Not quite twenty-one,' the 
clerk laughed and told me I'd have to wait a while. 
Maude is in a terrible state because the ice cream 
has been ordered and the wedding cake baked and 
all her friends invited." 

Again the poetic forehead was mopped with the 

embroidered handkerchief. The youth looked so 
miserable that Mr. Brown began to relent. 

"Just think what you would do- if you were in 
my place," pleaded the youth. 

"If I were in your place ! Why, I'd never have 
gotten into your place — never!" Even though he 
appeared contemptuous, however, Mr. Brown's 
spirit was aroused. "Go on with the wedding prep- 
arations," he commanded, "and I will see that you 
are married on Christmas day." 

So potent is fame that, with effusive thanks that 
conveyed not the least question or apprehension, the 
young. man departed. A few days later he was sum- 
moned to Mr. Brown's office where a lawyer was 
waiting with formidable papers. Then followed cer- 
tain forms in court and lo ! the day before Christ- 
mas Mr. Brown was duly appointed guardian to 
Cecil Rutherford-Smythe of Hertfordshire, Eng- 
land. When the ceremony was performed at high 
noon December 25, James Robinson Brown, guard- 
ian, who had formally signified his consent to the 
marriage of his ward and thereby appeased the clerk 
who issues licenses, was a conspicuous figure among 
the guests at what the society editors called one of 
the "most important social events of the week." 

* * * 

Teachers Not Paid Enoug'h 

"Teachers are the most poorly paid and the most 
roundly cursed of all professional workers," said 
a noted educator before a large audience in an east- 
ern city some time ago. While it doubtless is true 
that they are the most poorly paid, we must dissent 
from the proposition regarding popular maledic- 
tions upon their heads. 

The Review of Reviews, in a recent editorial utter- 
ance, in discussing the pay of teachers says : 

"Never have the schools of this country had so 
important a part to play in our civilization as at the 
present time, and nothing else is so important about 
the schools as the qualification and character of 
the teachers. Monthly or yearly rates of payment 
of teachers that seemed ample 15 or 20 years ago 
are quite insufficient now. This is true with re- 
spect to the public schools, and it also applies to 
higher institutions, where the salaries of professors 
ought to be made sufficient to attract and hold a 
superior class of men. The problem is a very seri- 
ous one, and it deserves careful consideration 
throughout the country. If there is one reason 
stronger than another why the taxing power should 
lav a firmer hand upon the growing wealth of great 
corporations and upon the income of vast private 
fortunes, it is because the state must adequately 
perform its responsible task of education. If there 
is to be compulsory attendance of schools, there 
must be schools worth the attending, and ample 
provision for all the children. 

"One of the President's recommendations last 
month was for an increase in the payment of em- 
ployees of the Government. In a country like ours, 
the growth of prosperity is bound to show itself in 
the advance of wages and the increase in the pay- 
ment of those whose services are rendered for 
salaries at fixed sums." 

* * * 

Not in Los Angeles 
"That new reporter fell down on his first assign- 
ment." "What was it?". " 'City Sidewalks in Win- 
ter.' " — Baltimore American. 

The Pacific O ut I o 

o k 


Noted Artist Expresses Himself in Crayon on the Possibilities to be Found 
in tHe Pvecent Order of the Library Board 

In its issue of January 19 the Pacific Outlook 
published an editorial pointing out the possible re- 
sults that might follow if the precedent established 
by the Library Board, which issued to Charles F. 
Lunimis permission to work at home, were carried 
to its logical conclusion. Among other things the 
Pacific Outlook said : 

"If the heads of various departments of the com- 
plex civic machine find it more convenient to stay at 
home when they transact business, there may come 

"The Board approved his (Mr. Lumrais's) action and in- 
structed him to do such work (at home) as common sense 
might dictate." 

Joseph Greenbaum's idea of library work at home in the 
tower of the castle on the edge of the Arroyo Seco. 

a time when a city hall will be a superfluous piece of 
antly situated in the summer house, the city treas- 
urer established in the living room of his residence 
property. With the mayor comfortably ensconced 
on his front porch and his secretary's desk pleas- 
and the city funds hidden in the potato bin of the 
cold closet, the city attorney occupying a hammock 
under his own orange trees, while his clerks lounge 
within call among the rose bushes, the health officer 
resting among the sofa pillows in his library and his 
assistants playing with germs and vaccine virus on 
the front lawn, there is no reason why Los Angeles 
should not become a city famous for its home rule. 
When the city superintendent of schools and the 
city engineer insist on doing their work at home, 
the real beauties of Mr. Lummis's new system of 
public service will be further demonstrated." 

Tn reply to the editorial Mr. Lummis has sent a 
letter to the editor of the Pacific Outlook pointing 
out the difficulties experienced by public officials, 
who need privacy in which to do the brain work 
connected with their positions of public trust. By 
special request Toseph Creenbaum. the well known 

portrait painter, has illustrated a few sentences from 

the letter, in order that attention may be called to 
the troubles of those who serve the great city of'Los 
Angeles. Mr. Lummis's letter follows: 

Los Angeles, Jan. 29, 1907. 
To the Pacific Outlook : 

Von have been misinformed. The librarian has 
not been "authorized to stay at home as much as he 
pleased." The Board, in answer to a silly and ig- 
norant charge that the librarian wrote his annual 
report at home and had clerical help in it, approved 
his action, and instructed him to do such work as 
his common-sense might dictate. I think you will 
find on inquiry that the Mayor did not write his 
annual message in the lobby of the city hall in the 
midst of a mob of place hunters; that our new City 
Attorney will not prepare his briefs in the Owens 
river matter in the city hall — and of course everyone 
knows that all, the important work of the City At- 
torney has for years been done in secret places 
where the man who did the work was not to be dis- 
turbed by book agents. 

The duties of a reception committee and clerk can 

"I think you will find on inquiry that the Mayor did not 
write his annual message in the lobby of the City Hall." 

Joseph Greenbaum shows how the Mayor is compelled to 
prepare his public manifestoes. 

be done in the librarian's office, and are done there. 
But he cannot buy furniture there, nor select books, 
nor write reports there, nor do there any of scores 
of other duties of a business manager, amid a stream 
of book agents, insurance agents, and young ladies 
who want a blank form for application for a job, 
and many others whose business is with a $40 clerk. 
The archives of the library show how much work- 
has been done bv the Librarian this year and in pre- 
ceding years. I am willing to abide by the com- 

The Pacific Outlook 

parison. It is about time for this city, which has 
ceased to be a rural community in other things, to 
cease to be rural as to its library, which is a big 
one and the most active in proportion in the country. 
In the village library, the librarian is reception com- 
mittee, clerk, accessioner, and often janitor. Above 
100,000 volumes, the librarian is business manager 
of a department store which turns its stock faster 
than any other in this city. I do not think you will 
find any person who has not found courteous and 
competent treatment at my hands when he or she 
had business with the Librarian. The forthcoming- 
annual report will show what I have been doing — 
and incidentally how badly it needed to be done. 
Incidentally this report has been made, as every 
other report ever printed by this library was made — 
namely, away from the public office. It is the . 
fullest report ever made by this library, and took 
more work, and shows more work. It has always 
been customary to have as much work done by the 

"The important work of the City Attorney has for years 
been done in secret places." 

Joseph Greenbaum illustrates the City Attorney's escape 
from book agents. 

staff in assisting the Librarian as was needed; the 
amount has depended on the size and thoroughness 
of the report. 

Everyone who takes the pains to investigate the 
relative standing of this public library with all others 
in the country, realizes that the city has cause to be 
proud of this institution. Perhaps it is time for 
good citizens to call a halt on the careless "knock- 
ing" which has been made the fashion here of late 
in the interest of a few persons and certainly not 
of the public. 

The eighteenth annual report will be sent to any- 
one free on apoh cation. It is expected to be in print 
within two weeks. It is an official report by which 
the Librarian and the Board are judged before the 
literary and the scholarly world. It is rather better 
evidence to go on than irresponsible gossip. We 
have already strong letters of approval of the ad- 
vance sheets of this report from men like David 
Starr Jordan. W. C. Lane, librarian of Harvard 
University, Clement W. Andrews, president of the 
American Librarv Association, and so on. 

CHAS. F. LUMMIS, Librarian. 


At the sixth annual convention of the State Fed- 
eration of Women's Clubs, which was held in Bak- 
ersfield Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, two 
hundred clubs were represented. Among the dele-' 
gates, who went from Los Angeles, were: Miss 
Elizabeth Kinney, chairman of the Friday Morning 
Club delegation, which included Mrs. Eliza Tupper 
Wilkes, Mrs. O. H. Burbridge, Mrs. H. L. Story, 
Mrs. A. T. Stewart and Mrs. O. S. Barnum. Mrs. 
P. G. Cotter went from the Ruskin Art Club and 
Mrs. Josiah Evans Cowles represented the general 
federation board. Among the questions discussed 
were : "Are High Schools and Sororities Detri- 
mental?" "Should Women be Permitted to Vote 
on School Questions?" "Free Kindergartens," "Is 
the Grade Work in the Public Schools too Difficult 
for the Mind of the Average Child?" "Should Sew- 
ing be Taught in the Public Schools?" 1 

Miss Annie L. Bartlett this week addressed the 
Wednesday Morning Club on "Japan." At the af- 
ternoon session Mrs. Q. Shepard Barnum talked on 
"Child Labor" and Mrs. Katherine Wheat rcad| a 
paper on "The Woman Who Toils and the Child 
Labor Question." 

B. R. Baumgardt talked on "St. Petersburg and 
Moscow, 1906" M ont l a y afternoon at the Ebell Club. 
His lecture was illustrated with steropticon views. 

At the Arbor Day celebration in Arroyo Seco, 
February 15, the following clubs will be represented 
in the tree planting: Ruskin Art Club, Wednesday 
Morning Club, Los Angeles Suffrage Association, 
Friday Morning Club, Ebell Club, Cosmos Club, 
Stanton Corps, G. A. R., Stanton Corps W. R. C-, 
Bartlett-Logan W. R. C, Pico Heights Civic Fed- 
eration, Angeleno Heights Improvement Associa- 
tion, Maple Avenue Improvement Association, Stan- 
ton Post W. R. C, Hindu Americans, Historical 
Society of Southern California, Sunset Club, Ken- 
nesaw Post W. R. C, Uncle Sam Post W. R. C, 
Robert E. Lee Chapter U. D. C, Los Angeles Chap- 
' ter U. D. C, John H. Regan Chapter U. D. C, Wade 
Hampton Chapter U. D. C, French-American so- 
cieties and Civic Association, Hundred Year Club 
and Native Sons of the Grizzly Bear. 

The Wisconsin Society and the Badger Ciub will 
unite in giving a basket picnic in honor of Senator 
and Mrs. La Follette. It is likely that Eastlake 
Park will be chosen as the place for a most sociable 
fete champetre. Among the residents of Los An- 
geles are men and women who knew "Bob" La 
Follette, as they call him, when he was a boy back 
in Wisconsin. Mrs. La Follette, also a native of 
Wisconsin, has been always a social favorite and 
there is no doubt that the picnic will be a success. 

Thomas B. Mclntyre of New York, one of the 
founders of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks, is passing the winter in Venice. Mr. Mc- 
lntyre, who was a theatrical manager, was a member 
of the little party that organized the Jolly Corks, 
one evening in 1868, at a meeting held_ in the 
bachelor ciuarters of Charlie Vivian on Chestnut 
street, Philadelphia. From this small band of Jolly 
Corks the big organization developed. 

r ft e Pacific Outlook 


Dates from the Thirteenth Century and Has Found Highest 
Royalty Revival of the Art in Recent Ytars 


Bv Marv iiARi.Axn, English Miniatorb Painter, v recent addition to rut Los art Colons 

The art of miniature painting was a growth ami 
outcome of the illuminated missals of the Thirteenth 
and Fourteenth Centuries, and has from the lir.-t 
been associated with wealth and luxury, the great 
of the land being its patrons from kings and em- 
perors downwards. We read in Vasari's life of 
Guilio Garata, one of the earliest miniature painters, 
that "his productions are all in the hands of princes, 
and other great personages.'' And thus from the 
Fourteenth Century to the end of the Eighteenth, 
when this exquisite art fell into decadence, it has 
been the same story. Holbein was court painter 
to Henry VIII of England, painting a miniature of 
Catherine of Aragon. Philip of Spain sent Sir An- 
tonio More to England to paint Queen Mary's 
miniature on gold plate. And so on to the days 
of the Empire, when Napoleon's court went mad 
over the miniatures of Isabey. 

The earliest miniaturists used vellum or parch- 
ment ; but towards the Sixteenth Century copper, 
and in rare instances gold, was employed. The 
great popularity of ivory boxes decorated with small 
figures and scenes, in the Twelfth Century, brought 
about the adoption of ivory in preference to these 
materials, as it was found that wonderful flesh-tints 
could be produced on it, and a clearness and trans- 
parency of color, obtainable by the use of no other 

Miniatures became the rage in the court of France 
during the reign of Louis XVI, when Pierre Adolph 
Hall came over from Sweden, a young man of 25, 
and almost from the first was successful, becoming 
one of the most famous of the talented group of 
Eighteenth Century miniaturists. His works are 
now much sought after by collectors, and bring 
fabulous prices. 

The most brilliant period of miniature painting 
was from the debut of Hall, in 1750, to the end of 
the Empire, the three greatest French painters be- 
ing Isabey, Augustine and Dumont, all hailing from 
Lorraine, and reaching a high degree of eminence. 
At the early age of twenty Isabey attracted the no- 
tice of Marie Antoinette by his decorated ivory 
boxes, and was forthwith installed as court minia- 
turist at Versailles, where he was kept busy paint- 
ing the royal family. and the beauties of the Court 
of Louis XVI. From that time he had unbroken 
success, reaching its height under Napoleon, who 
was frequently painted by him in miniature, as was 
also Josephine. Several examples of these portraits 
are to be found in the Wallace collection in Lon- 
don, which numbers many of Isabey's beautiful 
miniatures among its treasures. 

England during the same period produced three 
famous miniaturists — Richard Cosway, Plimer and 
Engleheart. The first is perhaps the best known, 
for Cosway's miniatures have a world-wide reputa- 
tion. He was court miniaturist in the time of the 
Georges. Examples of his lovely women with large 
eyes and gauzy draperies are to be found in the 
South Kensington Museum. Besides miniatures on 

ivory he left numerous colored drawings, a style 

which has lately been revived in London, and found 

much favor, under the name of Cosway portraits. 
These are delicately drawn in pencil, and the face 
and hair tinted in water-color, giving a charming 
old-time effect. 

America was represented at that period by Ed- 
ward Malbone, who Jived at Newport and painted 
the most noted people of his day. But little is re- 
corded of his life, however, and he died young. 

Within the last twenty years there has been a 
great revival in the art of miniature painting, and 
now it has become as popular in France and Eng- 

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Miniature by Madame Debiu.emont-Chardon 

land, as in the days of the Empire and the Georges. 
Perhaps the new school in France owes most to 
Madame Debillemont-Chardon and Madame Hor- 
tense Richard, both of whom have studied the sub- 
ject deeply, and. by their exquisite work, have done 
much to assist in the revival of this beautiful art 
and to raise it from the weak state into which it had 
fallen to strong and artistic "portraiture in little." 
The latter is now almost blind, for this kind cf 
painting is a sore tax on the sight. But Madame 
Debillemont-Chardon continues to produce her 
charming portraits, and has besides a large class, 
working from life, in her delightful atelier in the 
Rue Nouvelle, Paris — very cosmopolitan, the Eng- 
lish and American element being strong during the 

The Pacific Outlook 

last few years. Madame is quite a character, full of 
amusing stories and interesting bits of information, 
all told in her inimitable French manner. She 
makes her pupils feel that they are part of the, 
family, which among its members comprises a fine 
poodle, "Diavolo", who is made much of by every- 
body, and a tortoise, brought up to visit the class 
occasionally, bedecked with a pale blue ribbon tied 
round his middle. The pupils enjoy the advantage 
of seeing any work that Madame has on hand, in its 
various stages of completion. 

Examples of this remarkable woman's work weie 
shown at the World's Fair, St. Louis. The one here 
reproduced is owned by the French government, 
and is on exhibition at the Luxembourg Gallery, 
Faris, where are also fine miniatures by Madame 
Richard and Madame Laforge. The latter, though 
quite young, has already made her mark, having re- 
ceived a medal at the Salon, where this branch of 
painting competes with the larger works in oils 
and water color. She has the miniature class at 
Julian's Academy, and, besides being very talented, 
is' a charming personality, and has the gift of im- 
parting her knowledge to. others. 

The tendency of modern French miniaturists is to 
make the portraits on ivory as large as the limits of 
the material permit ; thus a truer likeness is possible 
tlian in the locket and brooch dimensions, and more 
scope for the artist is thereby gained. 

* * * 

A. Woman's Revenge 

In his brilliant talk before the members of the 
Southern California Woman's Press Club, Edward 
C- Bellows, former consul-general at Yokohama, 
told ah amusing story to illustrate real enterprise 
on the part of a girl reporter. 

Late one afternoon a young woman appeared at 
the consulate. It was the closing hour, but she 
was an American who came on most important 
business and she was admitted. She rushed into 
the inner office and without waiting for an invita- 
tion to be seated dropped into the chair nearest the 

"I've come to borrow $250," she said. "I am Miss 
Blank of the Daily Chatterer, the leading weekly of 
the Middle West, and I must have the money im- 
mediately as I am to sail early tomorrow morning.'' 

"The banks are closed," suggested the representa- 
tive of the United States government. 

"That doesn't make any difference, does it?" re- 
plied the newspaper woman. "You can lend me 
the money yourself." 

"But I haven't $250 in my waistcoat pocket," 
gently remarked General Bellows. 

"What of that? You can go out and borrow it," 
replied the girl in a confident tone. "I have a board 
bill to pay and I have been buying a lot of little 
things that are held for me — silks and little sou- 
venirs, you know. Now please hasten. There's no 
time to be lost." 

'"It would be compromising to the dignity of my 
office for me to rush about asking my friends to lend 
me money," declared the consul-general rising and 
drawing himself up to his full height, which is 
enough to awe most persons. 

"How silly! You're just trying to gain time. 
Haven't you any intimate cronies at your club? 

Aren't there any army officers who go there pre- 
pared to play poker?" 

"I am not acquainted with any one who makes a 
practice of being 'prepared' to play poker." 

This statement was made in a tone that would 
have caused any one but a newspaper person to feel 
frost bitten, but Miss Blank rose calmly so that she 
could talk to better advantage. 

"Isn't there an army officer. from the Middle West 
here?" she inquired? 

Reluctantly .it was admitted that General Da§h 
was in Yokohama. 

"That is all right. He knows me and the Chat- 
terer has written lots of lovely things about him. 
You see him at the club and bring him to my hotel 
by nine o'clock." 

In his most diplomatic manner General Bellows 
bowed his visitor out of the office and speedily for- 
got the incident after he had wondered what the 
girl reporter would do when she discovered that 
she had waited in vain for his appearance. But the 
incident was not closed. 

At nine-fifteen that evening a message was de- 
livered to General Bellows at his club. It read : "I 
am waiting for you and General Dash. If you don't 
come in half an hour will call at your club." 

The two generals held a consultation. They de- 
cided that there was no help except in flight. But 
whither could they flee? The girl reporter would 
find them in their homes. She would trace them to 
their accustomed haunts. There was only one thing 
to do and they did it. They hired 'rickshaws and 
rode and rode and rode until midnight. 

Again the incident appeared to be closed, but it 
wasn't. A week later Miss Blank, who had taken 
a trip up the coast instead of sailing for home, pre- 
sented herself at the consulate. She confronted the 
consul-general with a look of extreme hauteur. "I 
wish to ask you only one question," she announced 
"Did you receive my note sent to your club?" 

"I did," admitted General Bellows. 

"That is all I want to know," was the reply, and 
Miss Blank vanished forever from the consulate. 
She was heard from three months later when a 
marked copy of the Chatterer was received. Gen- 
eral Bellows opened it to find a pen picture of him- 
self that made his hair stand on end. 

Miss Blank had done her best to tell the Middle 
West and the whole United States what a black- 
hearted monster had been sent to misrepresent a 
great nation at Yokohama. 

* * * 

Big" Berry and RHubarb Ranch 

Grant Price and Andrew Davis have purchased 
the Shay ranch near San Bernardino and will se^ 
out twenty acres to berries and rhubarb. An analy- 
sis of the soil shows most of the valley suitable for 
rhubarb and berry culture, although never before 
has such a venture been made on large scale in that ■ 

* * * 

"Worn Tbroug'H 

The Fiancee — Yes, Percy placed it on my finger 
last night. Isn't it a beauty? He - ^--rest Friend — 
Yes, but in about a fortnight you'll f.nd it will make 
a funny black mark on your finger. It did on mine. 
— Minneapolis Tribune. 

The Pacific Outlook 



First Wendt Exhibit 

\ii one can sup into the studio of William Wendt, 
whose first exhibition in Los Angeles opened iast 
Monday, without feeling at once that it is a realiy 
big man whose work is displayed on the walls of the 
large room. Mr. Wendt is a newcomer to California. 
Since he established himself at No. 2814 North 
Sichel street, known to picture lovers as the former 
home of Elmer W'atchel, he has been much occu- 
pied in sketching mountain and valley. It was ru- 
mored that a painter of great achievements had come 
to Los Angeles, but the fact that he had won 
numerous prizes in Chicago and had been given 
the unusual honor of three special exhibitions at 
the Chicago Art Institute before he went abroad 
to study did not give a hint of the power, the 
originality and the poetic feeling of the artist. 

Mr. Wendt is first of all sincere, truthful, reverent. 
He is not a disciple of any school, but evidently he 
has been a severe task-master to himself, for he has 
become an unerring draughtsman and a superb col- 
orist. Unhampered by academic restrictions he is 
able to do work that is always convincing. He in- 
terprets nature with a poetic insight. Vigor is 
shown in every stroke of this painter's brush. He 
is invariably sure of what he desires to say and he 
speaks as one with authority. v 

In this collection are twenty-five canvases. 
"Nature's Garden," which has the place of honor, 
is a large picture that well represents the artist. In 
a tiny valley at the foot of the California hills blos- 
soms the mustard. The seeds sown by the wind 
have been washed from the heights to find a safe 
resting place in this garden of nature, more beautiful 
and more impressive than any laid out by the hand 
of man. This picture, boldly conceived and mag- 
nificently produced, has in it the true spirit of the 
hills. It is wonderfully impressive. 

Quite different from the study of California is 
"High Tide on the Cornwall Coast," which proves 
that Mr. Wendt is a marine painter of foremost 
attainment. Here his colors are luminous, pure, 
brilliant and yet a fine reserve distinguishes the 
picture. The rocks are real rocks. "Boulder 
Strewn" adds to the assurance that Mr. Wendt has 
found sermons in stones. One of the most unusual 
pictures is "The Silent Wood," a canvas in which 
the towering trees lift their tops to the far-off sky. 
This gives a near view of trunks beautifully sym- 
metrical and magnificently painted. 

"Morning Sunlight" is another picture that an- 
nounces real power. It seems that Mr. Wendt is 
especially happy in catching the magic of the sun- 
light until one sees his "Evening," his "Sunset Soli- 
tude" and his "Moonlight." Then his versatility is 
apparent. He has achieved really fine things in 
sky effects. There are clouds that float in seas of 
blue and mists that veil the heavens — all painted so 
truly and tenderly that one feels the magic of the 
great silent world. 

By means of mere words it is quite impossible to 
convey an idea of the quality of these painting. 
It is necessary to see them to understand their 
charm. In composition Mr. Wendt exhibits an un- 
erring appreciation of what constitutes a picture 
and standing among the paintings as the afternoon 
light fades in the studio it will be noticed by the 
interested visitor that mountains and trees retain 

their true relations until dusk draws a curtain over 

Mr. W'endt's studio is easily reached by the 
Griffin avenue or the South Pasadena cars and a 
journey to Sichel street will be found worth while. 
The exhibition will continue next week. 

Globe Trotter's Paintings 
Theodore Wores is exhibiting in the Gould gal- 
leries on Fifth street four portraits and thirty-four 
landscapes. The portrait of Mrs. Randolph Miner 
attracts first attention, for it is the most important 
example of the artist's work. With a subject of 
unusual beauty, vivacity and personality any painter 
should be inspired and Mr. Wores has succeeded 
in producing a picture that is most interesting. He 
has suggested the abundant vitality, the alertness 
of mind and the Spanish lineage of Mrs. Miner, yet 
he has not flattered her. Indeed, he has failed to 
give due value of the brilliancy of the eyes, but it 
is superfluous to pick flaws in what is an unusual 
portriat. One might wish that there were more 
atmosphere — that the red background did not ap- 
pear so close to the head — but then this fault is 
forgotten when it is noticed how warm and pure the 
flesh tones are and how cleverly the texture of the 
black gown has been brought out. The other por- 

"un the Heights" 
Painting by William Wendt 

traits — two of them sketches of young girls and one 
a study of a little child — are painted broadly. 

The landscapes represent much globe trotting. 
Japan, Spain, Hawaii and California have contrib- 
uted subjects. One of the most striking of the 
pictures is "A California Garden, Santa Barbara." 
This shows the semi-tropical luxuriance of the flow- 
ers and is a most attractive canvas. Purples and 
reds with a riot of color are combined with the best 
possible effect. "A Misty Morning, Santa Barbara," 
shows the sea in somber hues. A stretch of curv- 
ing beach lies beneath the grey sky. The composi- 
tion is good and the canvas presents the California 
coast in a light seldom chosen by marine painters. 
Turning to the pictures from Japan much that 
piques interest can be found. Mr. Wores has painted 
'The Plum Blossoms of Sugita," an "Iris Garden of 
Hori Kiri." a "View of Kioto" and "A Japanese 
Inn." All show certain mannerisms that are puz- 
zling to the person not familiar with Mr. Wores's 
work. It is as if he had a certain set method for all 

The Pacific Outlook 

his landscapes. He is distinctly a realist, who never 
indulges in fancy unless he does so obviously, as in 
"Lotus Flowers in Japan." He uses color boldly 
and yet sometimes fails to keep it pure. ''A Lesson 
in Flower Arrangement" is one of the Japanese 
pictures which, means a direct appeal. Here the 
figures have charm and personality. The grouping 
is clever and the treatment successful. 

In so large an exhibition it is always unfair to 
judge a man's work, since one picture may detract 
from another. Many of the Spanish subjects de- 
serve special notice. 

Art Notes 

Miss Regina O'Kane and Miss Gere were at home 
Sunday in their Attic Studio, Cumnock Hall. Miss 
O'Kane showed her latest pictures, among which 
are a number of mission sketches. 

The Ruskin Art Club gave a reception Thursday 
in honor of Mrs. Henry Wilson Hart. The galleries 
of the American Fine Arts Association were thrown 
open and the guests had an opportunity of enjoying 
many beautiful pictures. 

Alfred Ballot-Beaupre and Emil Mazy will hold a 
joint exhibition in the galleries of the American Fine 

Danger of Dividing' Our Navy- 
Rear Admiral A. T. Mahan, retired, in comment- 
ing upon an editorial in the New York Sun which 
declares that "at least three battleships could be 
spared from the Atlantic fleet and ordered to Pa- 
cific waters," writes : 

"I do not know how far the Sun speaks from in- 
■ side information of the government's policy; but it 
seems to me more reasonable to assume that the 
government, under a President who has knowledge 
of military principles, and advisers such as the Gen- 
eral Board, over which Admiral Dewey presides, 
would reason that to send three battleships to the 
Philippines would be to put ourselves exactly in the 
position in which Jaban caught Russia ; with a navy 
in the aggregate superior, divided into two parts 
individually inferior to the Japanese navy. Should 
such a misfortune as war arise with any Power able 
to reach eastern waters sooner than we, our pro- 
posed Philippine fleet would represent that of Port 
Arthur, and to the Atlantic fleet, if sent subsequent- 
ly, would be assigned the role of Rojestvensky. I 
do not, of course, say that exactly similar results 
would follow, but only that the situation we should 

Tub Woman's Orchestra, ov Los Angeles 

Arts Association February 18-23. Both these men 
are decorative painters of fine attainments and their 
work will have the quality of novelty and originality. 

Paul de Longpre has opened his house at Holly- 
wood for his annual exhibition of pictures. He is 
showing eighty-one water colors and eight oil paint- 
ings. The public is so familiar with Mr. de Long- 
pre's subjects and his manner of treating them that 
comment is superfluous. 

Joseph Greenbaum is at work on a portrait of 
Mrs. F. H. Briggs of Pasadena. This promises to 
be one of the most noteworthy of Mr. Greenbaum 's 
recent pictures. Mrs. Briggs is a tall, handsome 

"oman, who is an ideal subject for an artist. The 
aortrait, which is of a three-quarters length, shows 

• graceful pose. It is, like all Mr. Greenbamn's 

vork, marked by sure draughtsmanship and direct 


needlessly have created would be the same. 'Absit 
omen !' 

"That we should have a stronghold impregnable 
as Port Arthur is correct; only, unless adequately 
manned, it would, by falling into an enemy's hands, 
enable him to protract resistance should our fleet 
now concentrated in our own waters succeed ulti- 
mately in establishing naval control in the East. 
The question is one chiefly of naval superiority. 
For that object, in the present proportions of our 
navy, the three battleships here are thrice as effi- 
cient as they would be in Manila." 

* * * 

Dog Garments 

Gver — I have the most knowing dog you ever saw. 
Myer — Most knowing? Gyer — Yes. Why, every 
time he sees a tailor he r>ants. — Chicago News. 

The Pacific Outlook 

The Chew-Storck Concert 

I In the evening of February i Otie Chew, assisted 
by I Vie Storcic, appeared ;it Simpson's Auditorium 
in a programme of great musical value. The first 
number, Beet) i ven's "Kreutzer Sonata," was never 
more conscientiously rendered, Miss Chew's sim- 
plicity and .Mr. Storck's most perfect phrasing and 
healthy sentiment giving it the worthy greatness it 
deserved. Sjogren's Sonata for violin and piano 
was for the first time performed here and in a wav 
that aroused great enthusiasm. In Sinding's A 
Major Concerto for violin Miss Chew was not at her 
best, playing the first part too slowly and not with 
enough dash, but we know that this work is one 
replete with difficulties and demanding much force, 
and that after a "Kreutzer Sonata" not much force 
could be left for a Sinding Concerto as a second 

In her solos Miss Chew played with a great ease 
and a singing tone of exceptionally beauty, especi- 
ally the Romanze by Dvorak. Saint Saens's "Cap- 
rice Andalouse," which was performed for the first 
time in America, is a composition not so capricious 
as it is tedious and sentimental in idea and lacking 
in depth and dignity, weeping and dancing all the 
time in the style of all the Spanish popular airs. 

That Mr. Storck was not heard on the programme 
in a solo is much to be regretted, but his recent 
convalescence from a long illness is responsible for 
the disappointment. Miss Chew was most fortunate 
to have the assistance of such an artist and in his 
< nsemble playing he shared largely in her success. 
Piano parts of sonatas should not always be sub- 
ordinated to the violin, as it is not an accompani- 
ment, particularly in the "Kreutzer Sonata." where 
the two instruments are of equal importance. By 
subordinating" the piano part, as is frequently done 
here, much of the beauty of the sonata is lost. In 
bis accompaniments, which were unsurpassablv well 
r< nr'eri*r1. Mr. Storck showed the difference between 
accompaniment and ensemble playing. 


rington and Katherine 

Bunn failed to distinguish. 

Musical Comedy Tiresome 

"The Umpire" at the Mason Opera House this 
week appeared to amuse the audiences. It proved, 
however, that the vogue for musical comedy 
has passed, at least temporarily. The public, sur- 
fi ited by too much nonsense sung by young persons 
,,i.,, |-i.. ve little voice, has become critical. Fred 
M-T". the Umpire, is a comedian who can do much 
to mike no for the shortcomings of the chorus and 
oilier principals. He was well supported in his 
efforts to "'ake the host of thing's bv Harrv Hanlon 
as T. Stanley Lewton and Bradlee "Martin as the 
Thin. "Shifty" Goode. Guelma Baker. Edyth Yer- 

Miss Stone as Cindy 
Melodrama that delights. the galleries holds the 
stage at the Auditorium this week. Dick Ferris as 
Jack Rose gave the impression that he has not done 
his best at any time since his company came to Los 
Angeles; he reveals talent concealed in his former 
roles. Florence Stone in the part of Cindy again 
demonstrates that she is an artist. Miss Stone en- 
dows every character that she assumes with some- 
thing that lifts it above the commonplace. Do the 
audiences at the Auditorium realize that they have 
the privilege of seeing a star of magnitude shine in 
the narrow firmament of the stock company? 

Clever Play at the Belasco 

In "His Excellency the Governor" at the Belasco 
Theater, a satire on British colonial rule, Miss Lil- 
lian Albertson deepened the good impression made 
during her first week with the company. As the 
Countess Stella de Gex, Miss Albertson does clever 
work, she wears good clothes and she looks pretty. 
Lewis Stone, transformed as an Englishman, is a 
great success as the Governor of Amandaland. His 
accent and his makeup are both so good that they 
convince the public that the actor must have been 
helped by heredity. His acting is intelligent, smooth 
and quite above criticism. Mr. Barnum as John 
Baverstock, the sentimental old secretary, contrib- 
utes irresistible comedy to a character that might be 
easily overdrawn. 

Richard Carvel Again 

"Richard Carvel," revived this week at the Bur- 
bank, pleased large audi diich did not ston 

to find fault with la-k of r f r-o^here or to pick 
out trifling incongruities. Miss Van Buren was 
not at her best, although she made a charming 
Dorothy Manners. As Richard Carvel, William Des- 
mond proved to be a real hero, who made the hearts 
of the matinee girls beat rapidly, but the honors of 
the week are being won by H. S. Duffiekl and Harrv 
Mestayer. Mr. DufKeld's Horace Walpole is a por- 
tiait true and altogether acceptable. As Lord 
Comyn, Mr. Mestayer does a good piece of work. 
He is well cast and he does much with his role. 
The costumes and scenery are up to the P.urbank's 
best standard. H. S. Ginn, who appears as Paul 
Jones, was enthusiastically welcomed bv the regular 
patrons of the Burbank. 

Next Symphony Event 
The Los Angeles Symphony orchestra's fourth 
concert of the season will take place next Friday 

The Pacific Outlook 

afternoon at the Mason Opera House. The pro- 
gramme will open with the "Leonore Symphony' - 
by Raff, consisting of four movements in three parts. 
The first two movements are indicative of the joy 
of love, while part second is devoted to the separa- 
tion and part third reunion in death. A second num- 
ber in the programme is Rubinstein's celebrated 
ballet music from the opera "Feramors." The solo- 
ist for this concert is one of the best known bassos 
in this city, William James Chick, and his selection 
will be the much loved Toreador Song from "Car- 

Cohan's Latest Comedy Coming 

"Forty Five Minutes From Broadway,'' a clever 
musical comedy built on most original lines by 
George M. Cohan, will come to the Mason Opera 
House next Monday evening. Like Mr. Cohan's 
"Little Johnny Jones," "The Governor's Son" and 
"Running for Office" this latest play is a great suc- 
cess. "Little Johnny Jones" was a departure from 
accepted traditions touching musical comedy, inas- 
much as it told a story and did not permit musical 
interruptions to smother the plot. Intelligent dia- 
logue with light, catchy music are promised for 
"Forty-five Minutes from Broadway." 

Crane as Hardcastle 
William H. Crane in "She Stoops to Conquer" 
will be the attraction at the Mason Opera House 
February 18, 19 and 20, with Wednesday matinee. 
Mr. Crane will be the Hardcastle and Miss Jeffreys 
the Kate. George Giddens will be seen as Tony, a 
part he played in the revival of the piece by Cyril 
Maude at the Haymarket Theater, London, several 
years ago. Walter Hale will have the role of the 
bashful Marlow, and Herbert Sleath, seen last sea- 
son as the bad brother in "The Squaw Man," that of 
Marlow's friend Hastings., The remainder of the 
cast follows : Leslie Kenyon, Sir Charles Marlow ; 
Mrs. Fanny Addison Pitt, Mrs. Hardcastle; Miss 
Margaret Dale, Constance Neville ; Fred Thorne, 
Diggory. The seat sale will begin next Thursday 

Pupils in Recital 
The pupils of Miss Elizabeth Jordan, the talented 
pianiste, gave a recital last Monday evening that 
demonstrated how successfully they have been 
trained in technique and interpretation. Miss Jor- 
dan is one of the best known musicians in the city. 
After studying under Moszkowski, she returned to 
Los Angeles, two years ago, and since then has ac- 
complished much as a teacher, even though there 
is great demand for her as a soloist and she has been 
frequently heard in concert. Those who took part in 
what was a remarkable programme are : Misses 
Frieda Turner, Marion Stewart, Emily Howard, 
Florence Pierce, Mildred Dunham, Annabelle Jones, 
and Kathleen Lockhart. 

Amusement Notes 

LeRoy Painter, one of the most talented of the 
younger violinists, will give a recital in Gamut Club 
Auditorium February 27. 

Miss Rey del Valle, a dramatic soprano who has 
won praise from leading critics, will give a recital 
in Gamut Club Auditorium Thursday, March 7. 

Moriz Rosenthal, the famous pianist, will close 
the Philharmonic course with a concert Monday 
evening, March 4. 

B. R. Baumgardt will deliver the fifth lecture of 
the New University Course in Simpson Auditorium 
Tuesday evening, February 26. His subject will be 
"Vienna and Budapest." The lecture will be fully 
illustrated with colored views. 



Matinees Wednesday and Saturday 

Klaw and Erlanger present the big success of two seasons — 
a play with music by GEO. M. COHAN 


With the perless Corinne, assisted by Scott Welsh, a notable 
cast and Cohanesque chorus 

Prices: 50c, 75c, $1.00 and $1.50. 


i Sale 

Mason Opera House "StSSSZTZZgr* 

FRIDAY AFTERNOON, FEB. 15, at. 3:30 

Fourth Concert — Tenth Season 

Los Angeles SymphoBy 

Direction Mr. Harley Hamilton — L. E. Behymer, Manager 


Seats now on sale at Birkel's Music Store, 345 S. Spring Street 

Prices: Single Tickets, 50c, 75c, $1.00. Special rates 

to Students and Teachers 

Indian Cra 

fts Ex 



:: The Only Attraction 

of its Kind 

in the World :: 


to Grounds 


Open Daily and Sunday 


We make a specialty of Black Taffetas, and 
carry at all times a dozen numbers — a yard 
wide— from $1.00 to $2.00 per yard. The 
store's guarantee is behind each grade. 

the: silk store 

(From Loom to Consumer) 

219 Mercantile Place 

The Pacific Outlook 



McFarland-Chandler Nuptials 
No wedding of the season has been of wider in- 
terest than that of Miss Louise McFarland and Leo 
Chandler. The ceremony was performed at nine 
o'clock Friday morning in the Women's Club House, 
which was beautifully decorated with flowers. The 
color scheme, pink and green, was cleverly carried 
out in detail. After the ceremony a large reception 
was held. The bride and bridegroom were assisted 
in receiving the guests by Mr. and Mrs. Dan Mc- 
Farland. parents of the bride. Mr. and Mrs. Jeffer- 
son P. Chandler, parents of the bridegroom, and Mr. 
and Mrs. Albert McFarland, grandparents of the 

Reception to Mr. and Mrs. Calder 
Mrs. W. W. Stilson gave a large reception Friday 
afternoon in honor of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Stir- 
ling Calder, the famous sculptor and the talented 
painter. The "at home" assumed something of the 
character of a bousewarming, for it was the first 
time that Mrs. Stilson had opened the doors of her 
beautiful new residence, No. 1048 Kensington road, 
to her friends. This new home, which is charmingly 
situated so that it commands a magnificent view, 
is one of the most artistic dwellings in the city. It 
is an ideal place for entertaining and the guests at 
the reception included club women, artists, writers 
and musicians. There were many men present. 
Mr. and Mrs. Calder, who came to Southern Cali- 
fornia a few months ago, have made many new 
friends and found many old ones on the coast. Their 
home is in Pasadena, where they are pursuing their 
separate lines of art. Mr. Calder, who studied in 
Paris with Chapu and Falguire, is represented in .; 
number of permanent exhibitions in this country. 
Among his best known works are the "Narcissus"' 
at the Franklin Inn. the "Celtic Cross" in the St. 
Louis permanent exhibition, the bronze statue of 
the "Man Cub" in the Pennsylvania Academy, the 
colossal statue of Dr. Marcus Whitman, the hero of 
Oregon, and the magnificent fountain given by the 
class of '92 to the University of Pennsylvania. Mrs. 
Calder is a painter of talent. Her portraits and 
character sketches have individuality and her land- 
scapes reveal her remarkable feeling for color. Al- 
though they have achieved much Mr. and Mrs. Cal- 
der are young. They have traveled widely and they 
have the charm that education, ready sympathy and 
quick wit give to personality. 

Mrs. T. F. True q;ave a luncheon Thursday at 
which Mrs. Fwlell S. Otis was guest of honor. 

Miss Geraldine Thompson, No. xu6 West 
Twentv-fourth street, entertained the Monday Musi- 
cal Club this week. 

Mrs. Cosmo Morgan, No. 2224 West Twenty- 
eighth street, entertained at an elaborate buffet 
luncheon Friday afternoon. 

One of the most memorable receptions of the sea- 
son was given Wednesday afternoon bv Mrs. Henrv 

C. Hooker and her daughter, Mrs. Stewart, at the 
handsome family residence, No. 870 West Adams 

.Mrs. C. I'. Parker will entertain Saturday at a 
luncheon and bridge whist party at her home, No. 
Si 1 West Twenty-eighth street. 

Mrs. J. Bond Francisco will entertain the Monday 
Musical Club next week. Mrs. N. B. Laughlin of 
Santa Fe, who is visiting her, will be guest of honor. 

Dr. and Mrs. W. W. Becket, No. 2218 Harvard 
boulevard, gave a reception Monday evening in 
honor of Senator and Mrs. Louis Martinez de Castro 
and Miss de Castro of the City of Mexico. 

Mrs. William C. Bennett, No. 912 South Burling- 
ton avenue, gave a card party Friday in honor of 
Miss Alma Christian of Des Moines, Iowa, who is 
being much entertained. Mrs. Dwight Satterlee, 
Mrs. Bennett's mother, assisted in receiving the 
fifty guests. Five hundred was played. 

Miss Edith Herron, one of the season's most 
charming debutantes, will be heard in a song recital 
Thursday evening, February 21, under the direction 
of Signor Janotta. It is said that Miss Herron's 
musical debut will be quite as successful as her 
recent social debut, therefore, much is to be expected 
of her. She is a pretty girl, who has the sweetness 
and unconsciousness of manner which endears her 
to a large circle of friends. At the recital Miss Her- 
ron will be assisted by Clarence W. Reynold, bari- 
tone: Natorp Blumenfeld, violinist, and Miss Orrie 
MacCoons. pianist. 

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The Pacific Outlook 

*5 ^:- "I~=^ JML&^g 

Automobile Education 

Only three years ago the average man interested 
in an automobile did not know a carbureter from a 
spark plug, practically speaking, while to-day he 
cannot only describe accurately the different parts 
but how and from what they are made, and t 1 e 
automobile dealer or salesman must be technically 
prepared to answer most minutely every question 
pertaining to the car; he must be, in other words, a 
walking dictionary of mechanical engineering, gaso- 
line, steam and electricity combined and separately, 
writes Julius Gabriel in Toot Toot. He must Le 
prepared to answer everything from the construc- 
tion of the coil to the repairing of a tire; thus has. 
the automobile brought cut the mechanical art 
theoretically and practically for the coming genera- 
tion as well as the present one in a general way. 

The man interested in purchasing an automobile 
is strictly from Missouri and demands before part- 
ing with his deposit that he be "shown"; he no 
longer casts his bread on troubled waters by taking 
a chance, but keeps the bread, so to speak, tight 
in lis check book until the waters are shown '■o ' " 
perfectly calm, by examining every piece of the, 
machinery while prospecting and examining intelli- 
gently, because he knows all about this machinery 
and hence the interested public has proved to the 
manufacturer in the last three years the value and 
necessity of building a car that must combine not 
only speed and reliability but simplicity as well. 

A well known physician confided to me not long 
ago that in 1904 he purchased 1 is first automobile 
and shortly afterward began a pleasure trip of fifty 
miles to a nearby town. The first part of the trip 
was a perpetual pleasure, but after thirty miles, 
something, he was not sure what, seemed to 
be going anything but right, finallynot going at all 
and after repeated cranking, the doctor confessed 
to a "dislike'' not only inwardly, but volubly at his 
extreme ienorance of the machine and automobiles 
in general. However, he decided to give the car a 
violent shaking, as he would a balky watch, while 
his companion on t'e trio simultaneously cranked. 
The effect was as desired and in a disconnected sort 
of way they reached their desination by a like per- 
formance frequently. 

Finally, getting into a local garage, the mechanic 
told him the trouble was in the carbureter. Now, 
while the doctor tried to look wise, he al=o asked 
information as to this particular part's function in 
the running of the car. At the present time the doc- 
tor is an exponent of mechanical appliances and is 

only one of thousands who are able to tell of their 
experiences — of three years ago — in a like 
manner. This general knowledge has done much to 
facilitate the growth of the automobile's popularity 
and to reduce the cost of maintenance to a minimum 
to the buyer, as well as to prolong the life of the re- 
spective machines, and this demonstrative argument 
is really the secret of why dealers can no longer 
make immediate deliveries, proving the demand 
greater than the supply. 

A Sport for Women 

For the last year or more the number of women 
who drive their own automobiles has been growing 
rapidly and the int'ications are that more will join 
the ranks during IC07 than even before. More 
women are going in for this healthful form of out- 
door exercise and they are using larger cars, too. 
Until a year ago the electric runabout was consid- 
ered the woman's car because of the ease with 
which it could be handled and the absence of ma- 
chinery and dirt. But the women now are not con- 
tent with the safe and slow going electric, and this 
year they are buying high priced gasoline cars of 
the runabout type. 

The New Country Club 

The membership list of the recently incorporated 
Naples Country Club is growing rapidly. The club 
has entered into an agreement to purchase a com- 
manding site on the San Gabriel river near Napies 
and communicating with its canals. A building 
unique in design, containing in addition to the usual 
quarters of a first-class clubhouse about sixty suites 
for the exclusive use of members and their families, 
will be erected at a cost of about $40,000. The 
membership will be limited to 400. Connected with 
the club will be facilities for tennis, golf, boating, 
etc., and near by are 1300 acres of land which may 
be leased by those members who may desire it for 
a duck club. 

Won the Byington Cup 

In the finals in the medal play for the Byington 
cup at the Pasadena Country Club Monday C. L. 
Hunter defeated John S. Cravens five up and four 
to play. The golf match, the first of the season, 
brought out some good play. 

New Motor Bicycle 

A new motor bicycle, propelled by a fan, has been 
invented by M. Ernest Archdeacon, the well-known 
Franco-Irishman of the Aero Club of Paris. In 
trial trips, a speed of 50 miles an hour has been ob- 
tained. M. Archdeacon is now at work experiment- 
ing, and hopes before loner to have his new con- 
trivance perfected. The bicycle is propelled by a 
large fan, similar to those used on airships, mounted 


The Pacific Outlook 


in front of the machine and driven by a horizontal 
shaft from a motor. The trials were made with 
Anzani, the famous motorcyclist, in the saddle. \t 
ti r - 1 the machine went slowly, but as the propeller 
increased its revolutions until its blades could ii" 
longer he seen, it hounded forward at a speed of 
from 45 to 50 miles an hour. 

Lights at Night 

An effort is to he made during the present session 
of the New Jersey Legislature to secure the passage 
of a measure compelling all vehicles, horse drawn 
or motor driven, to carry lights front and rear at 
night. The matter has been taken up by the Asso- 
ciated Automobile Clubs of New Jersey and at a 
recent meeting of the organization held in Trenton 
a committee was appointed to draft a bill containing 

the provision. 

nese. Perhaps it is time to repay some oi our age 

old di bis to the 'Mongolia 

"In any event the Japanese, in their history, psy- 
1 rnment, development and in 

manner of living ami general behavior abroad, are 

the most un-Mongolian people I can think of. The 

proceedings of a certain set of noisj people in one 
pan of California seem to be more suggestive of 
Genghis Khan's methods than of George Washing- 
t< m's 1 ir Abraham I .incoln's." 

* * * 
Mrs. James II. Rollins and Mrs. Hamilton Rollins 
were at home to callers last Wednesday. Mrs. El- 
well S. 1 His and Miss Louise Otis received with 
I hem. I'heir next reception day is February 20. 

Best Illuminant 

Long experience has shown that the best illumi- 
nant for lighting automobiles is acetylene gas, 
which gives a brilliant white light and, moreover, 
is very simply made. The gas is formed by the con- 
tact of water and carbide, and the quantity obtain-' 
able depends only on the amount of carbide used. 

With the portable gas producers that have been 
perfected the cost of acetylene gas, made as used, is 
much less than that of compressed air. Recent tests 
proved that the motorist can make his own gas at 
one-tenth the cost of compressed gas. 

* * * 

Orig'in of the Japanese 

William Elliott Griffis, D. D., author of "The 
Mikado's Empire," "Japanese Fairy World," "The 
Hermit Nation" and many other works bearing 
upon the Island Empire, in a recent communication 
to the New York Sun writes: 

"My belief is that the people now representing 
the Japanese composite are the most un-Mongolian 
people in Asia. Large portions of the Russian peo- 
ple, whom we admit and naturalize as citizens, have 
a richer infusion of Mongol blood than have the 
Japanese, who are made up of many stocks that are 
non-Mongolian in origin. 

"It may throw light upon the origin of the mixed 
race called Japanese if we keep in mind that the 
'native tribes' spoken of in the despatch were 
mainly Ainu. These light skinned people, who 
have straight eyes, large noses and mouths, full 
beards and mustaches, called Ainu (about 20,000 
survivors of nearly pure blood still living in Yezo) 
are a white race, and their speech is Aryan. See the 
researches of Chamberlain, and the grammar, dic- 
tionary and essays of the Rev. John Batchelor, mis- 
sionary among the Ainu for twenty-five years. The 
Ainu once inhabited most of the archipelago. 

"What I wrote in 1876 of the basic stock of the 
Japanese as being a white race (with an Aryan 
speech) has been confirmed by the researches of 
scholarship during the last thirty years. 

"The earliest traditions of Nippon, put into writ- 
ing in the eighth century, know nothing of China 
or Mongolia. Better look for 'Mongolians' among 
the Russians, the Huns and other people whom we 
welcome. As for our own civilization, it is amaz- 
ingly indebted for its bases to the 'Mongolians.' if 
by this term (which in its general use in America 
betrays more ignorance than science) we mean Chi- 

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Los Angeles, Cal. 




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The Pacific Outlook 

How He Hid the SwitcH 

The most riotous extravagance of human credul- 
ity is sorely taxed by a weird story which comes 
from a Los Angeles county town. According to 
witnesses who bear reputations for veracity under 
the most trying circumstances, a man who had been 
bereaved through the loss of his first wife decided, 
after several years of widowerhood, to attach an- 
other helpmate. The woman of his, second choice 
had appealed to him more particularly on account 
of the color and texture of her hair, which was al- 
most exactly like that of his first spouse. After the 
union the second wife discovered that her husband 
had kept as a sacred memento of his early marital 
venture a switch of his first wife's hair, which, on 
various occasions, he would drag from the place 
where it usually reposed, and make it the subject 
of reminiscences. 

A few months after his second marriage the own- 
er of the switch came to the conclusion that it was 
being coveted. From day to day he became so 
wrought up over the thought that his new com- 
panion might obtain possession of it and employ it 
in increasing the apparent luxuriance of her hirsute 
adornment that he decided to get rid of it and thus 
remove temptation from her path. 

Soon after the switch disappeared the husband 
complained of feeling miserable. He gradually grew 
worse, his appetite left him, and despite expert medi- 
cal attendance his life appeared to be oozing away. 
The doctors said it was a severe case of dyspepsia 
at first, but they finally diagnosed it as cancer of 
the stomach, or at least a tumor. Finally, to save 
the man's life, a surgical operation was decided 
upon. When the surgeon who had charge of the 
operation reached the seat of trouble he drew back 
in amazement. 

"Great Scott, Doctor," he remarked to his co- 
laborer, '*he has swallowed a rat !" 

"Pull it out and let's take a look at it," responded 
the assistant. 

Quickly the cause of the' trouble was removed. 
Instead of a rat it proved to be a sadly disheveled, 
matted mass of long, silky brown hair, tightly 
fastened at one end. It was the switch which had 
so mysteriously disappeared from view a few weeks 

* * * 
After trie Scorchers 

The New York police authorities are making a 
desperate effort to put a stop to reckless driving 
in the streets of the metropolis. A prominent offi- 
cial of an automobile club has made the suggestion 
that the number should be permanently affixed to 
cars, and not consist of easily detached tags as at 
present. He advocates a requirement that registra- 
tion numbers be painted in large numerals on the 
front of the radiator and also painted on the back 
of the car so as to be plainly visible for some dis- 
tance. This practice is followed in several Eu- 
ropean countries with excellent results. 
. * * * 
Automobiles in California 

New York state has one automobile to every 210 
people, while California has one car to every 173 
inhabitants. The city of Chicago, has one to every 
377 people, but San Francisco exceeds this percent- 
age considerably by having one machine to every 
J 33 people. 



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Cure for RecKless Driving 

all the cures for reckless driving that have 
been suggested for some time the most novel is thai 
proposed by a Boston motorist. While his method 
ui curbing recklessness is a most unusual one. ii 
would seem that it would surely exert a deterring 
influence, not only on those who exceed the speed 
limits, but also on those who do not exercise proper 
care when travelling through congested districts. 
1 lis plan is as follows I 

"I suggest that all licenses issued in future to 
operators of automobiles be printed upon paper of 
a size which will give a one inch margin all around 
the printing; also that the present holders of licenses 
be required to attach to their licenses a coupon bear- 
ing the stamp of the Massachusetts Highway Com- 
mission and containing a blank space about two 
inches by three inches in size ; also the police officers 
be provided with small pocket punches similar to 
those used by railroad conductors ; also that all po- 
lice officers be instructed to stop every automobile 
operator who, in choosing his course, breaks any 
rule of the road, and. having stopped such operator, 
said police officer shall punch a hole in the margin 
or coupon of the operator's license, and then let 
him pass. 

"This plan may be kept in a simple form as here 
outlined, or it may be elaborated to a certain degree 
without reaching a point where confusion would en- 
sue. How would it work? The rules of the road 
are so frequently broken that it is not often prac- 
ticable to arrest or fine those who break them, but 
there is this about it — every driver of an automo- 
bile knows that, innocent or guilty, he may be called 
upon any day to appear before the police court, and 
in that event he wishes to show as good a record as 
possible. If he has been careful in the observance of 
the rules cf the road he will be able to prove the 
fact by his license. The unpunched license will be 
worth striving for. If automobile drivers are punc- 
tilious in this matter it will tend to make the drivers 
of horses more so tl' an they are at present." 

* * * 

Protection for Pvipe Olives 

A number of prominent California olive growers 
met in Washington' the past week to urge upon the 
federal authorities the adoption of means to save the 
olive industry to this state from destruction as the 
outcome of a recent decision of the general apprais- 
ers in New York that ripe olives in brine, packed in 
barrels, are not subject to duty. If the ruling is not 
reversed it will prove a great blow to the industry 
in California. 

* * * 

In a Hurry for XKeir Autos 

It will be a surprising piece of intelligence to most 
residents of Los Angeles that large quantities of 
freight which is desired in a rush from the East is 
now being shipped by way of water to Galveston 
and thence over the Southern Pacific to this point. 
This is particularly true of automobiles. The aver- 
age man who has ordered a new machine wants it 
as quickly as he is able to get it, and by shipping 
in the manner indicated several days are saved in 
transit. The Morgan line of steamers, which carries 
the freight from New York to Galveston, is owned 
bv the Southern Pacific. 

c Outlook 







Instruction in drawing and painting from life, Classes from 9 to 12 a, 
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The Pacific Outlook 


The Charity Ball 
The annual charity ball for the benefit of the 
Children's Training Society Tuesday evening proved 
to be one of the most brilliant events of an unusu- 
ally gay season in Pasadena. The success of the 
ball was due largely to the following committee: 
Mesdames John S. Cravens, H. Page Warden, A. 
Kingsley Macomber, Charles Russell and Edward 
Kellam. Los Angeles was represented by many of 
the season's debutantes. The costumes were unusu- 
ally gorgeous and beautiful. Previous to the ball 
several dinners were given. Mr. and Mrs. Walstein 
Root entertained Mr. and Mrs. Harrison I. Drum- 
mond, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Russell, Mr. and Mrs. 
Lloyd Macy, Miss Carpenter and Mr. Reed. Mr. 
and Mrs. H. Page Warden had as their guests : Mr. 
and Mrs. A. Kingsley Macomber, Mr. and Mrs. E. 
R. Kellam. Mr. and Mrs. Tohn S. Cravens and Mr. 
and Mrs. Robert Pierce. Mr. and Mrs. C. M: Hen- 
derson gave a charmingly-appointed dinner at their 
home on South Orange Grove avenue in honor of 
Miss M-^vidson. Covers were laid for Misses Nevin, 
Helen Emery, Davidson, Messrs. Dodworth, Ray 
Macomber and Howard. 

Mayoralty Contest 

The mayoralty fight in Pasadena promises to be 
an exciting and bitter one. Mayor Waterhouse 
doubtless will be opposed by Thomas Earley, who 
will be nominated by petition as the candidate of the 
Citizens' party. His fellow candidates probably will 
be: For councilman-at-large, Henry C. Hotaling; 
councilman from first ward, Thomas H. Webster; 
councilman from fifth ward, George A. Winner. 
The Citizens' party is headed by J. O. McCament, 
F. E. Twombly, L. L. Test, George Daniels, Solon 
Briges. Frank Woodbury, W. W. Benedict, J. H. 
Merriam, Andrew S. Allen and J. Tyler Parker. 

Board of Trade Growing 

The Pasadena Board of Trade has received thirty 
applications for membership, the largest number in 
the history of the organization. D. M. Linnard, 
formerly president of the board, has been elected 
treasurer to succeed F. P. Boynton, deceased. The 
board is aranging for an excursion to San Diego on 
Washington's Birthday. 

Will Buy New Engines 

The city commissioners have voted to purchase 
two additional chemical engines. One of these new 
engines will doubtless be placed in the Dayton street 
school house for the business center and the other 
will probably go to the west side house when it is 

Briefer Notes 

Leonard Perrin, director of the Pasadena National 
Bank, and for two years its president, died at his 
home at 780 North Orange Grove avenue January 
31. He was born in Colborn, Ontario, Canada, 
August 28, 1828, and came to Pasadena fifteen 
years ago. 

One of the events of importance to Pasadena last 
week was the opening of Hotel Wentworth, the 
magnificent $1,500,000 structure on Oak Knoll. Al- 

Boston Newport Palm Beach 

Pasadena Branch Shop at, the 

Latest Imported Novelties will be 
shown in New Tailored Suits, 
Ladies' Dresses and Coats, Waists, 
French Millinery, Neckwear and 
Belts :: :: :: :: 

E. T. Slattery Co. welcome a comparison of prices and 

L. P. Hollander & Co. 


Ladies' Gowns, Millinery 
and Outfittings 

Pasadena Branch Now Open 

Opposite Hotel Green 

Corner Raymond Avenue and Green Street 


President Board of Directors Secretary-Treasurer 


Vice-President Chairman of the Faculty of the College 

The Pacific College of Osteopathy 

Los Angeles, California 

Corner Daly Street and Mission Road. 

Founded 1896 

Classes Graduate in January and June 

Three years' Course of Study. Ten months each year. 
The Pacific College stands for the most thorough culture 
and broadest education. It asks for the closest in- 
vestigation from young men and women who wish to fit 
themselves for successful Osteopathic medical praction- 
iers. Next term opens January 29, 1907. For catalogue 
or further information address 


Chairman of the Faculty 

W. J. COOK - Secretary and Business Manager 

The Pacific Outlook 


;ii":-. completion of the hotel was delayed 

until the season was far advanced, iliis fact appears 
cot to have interferred with patronage. A large 
number of guests are now enjoying the ideal |i 
don, the exquisite appointments and the artistic 
luxury of the Wentworth, 

• * * 


Society Circus at Venice 
The first "society circus" to be held in Southern 
irnia will be given at Venice February 22, 23 

and 24. A tan bark ring- sixty feet in diameter is 
being constructed in the big auditorium. On the 
different nights of the performances special per- 
formances will be given in honor of the Crescent 
bay cities and Los Angeles. The entire interior is 
being divided into comfortable seats and boxes. 

Wants Streets Oiled 
C. J. E. Taylor, street superintendent of Long 
Beach, has reported to the public works committee 
of the city council in favor of oiling two hundred 
blocks of streets, an undertaking which will cost 
about Si 5,000. He says it will cost thousands of 
dollars to sprinkle the streets specified with water 
during the summer, and the benefits would be only 
temporary. To oil the streets and sand them from 
curb to curb would cost about $75 a block. 

Cornerstone Anniversary 

The Young Men's and Young Women's Christian 
Associations celebrated the anniversary of the lay- 
ing of the cornerstone of their handsome new build- 
ing on Locust avenue near East First street Monday 
night. Both sides of the building were thrown open 
to the public. The three-story building is in running 
order in both departments and the dormitories are 

Traction from Riverside to San Bernardino 

The work of grading the projected electric road 
between Riverside and San Bernardino, which is to 
be built by the San Bernardino Inter-Urban Elec- 
tric company, has been begun. The extension of the 
Inter-Urban system from San Bernardino to Arrow- 
head is nearly completed and cars are being oper- 
ated to Arrowhead Station. 

Santa Monica's Mayoralty 

T. H. Dudley, for seven year^ a member of the 
board of city trustees of Santa Monica and for four 
years chairman of that body, has announced himself 
a candidate for the mayoralty, under the provisions 
of the freeholders' charter, at the April election. 
Although a Democrat, Mr. Dudley will conduct his 
campaign on strictly non-partisan lines. 

Banquet at Long Beach 

The annual banquet of the Long Beach Chamber 
of Commerce was held in the Ebell Club House in 
that citv Thursday night. Dr. E. A. Perce, presi- 
dent of the organization, was toastmaster; the Rev. 
C. P. Dnrland offered the invocation, after which 
toasts were responded to as follows: "Our Guests," 
W. W. Lowe: response, L. F. Chapin. Pasadena; 
"Good Roads." \Y. L. Green, Pasadena: "Our Har- 
bor," Dana Burks, Ocean Park; "Development So- 

ciety of California," tin- Rev. Baker P. Lee. Los 
Angeles ; "Past, Presenl and Future of Long Beach," 
Stephen Townsend : "Mountains and the Sea." Sew- 
ard A. Sim, .us. Pasadena; "The Metropolis ol 
Southwest." Lee C. Gates; "The Chamber of Com 
merce," I. A. Miller. 



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The Pacific Outlook 

Long Beach Charter Adopted 

The freeholders' charter for Long Beach was 
adopted February 5 by a vote of 1237 to 161. The 
alternative providing that in hotels containing fifty 
sleeping rooms liquor could be served was defeated 
by a vote of two to one. The charter provides for 
seven wards, a city council composed of one member 
from each ward, a centralization of power in the 
mayor, seven boards or commissions controlling the 
various branches of city government and civil serv- 
ice rules in police and fire departments. The adop- 
tion of the new charter is a strong indication that the 
inhabitants of Long Beach do not desire to have 
that city lose its identity by consolidation with Los 
Angeles. The majority of the business men of the 
city do not appear to favor the consolidation scheme 
for this reason. 

Kern County's Prosperity 

It is evident to even a casual observer that Kern 
county is about to enter upon a period in her his- 
tory, one that is to make for progress along lines 
of subdivision and colonization of her fertile, but 
hitherto sparsely settled lands, says the Daily Cali- 
fornian, of Bakersfield. The colony at Wasco ap- 
pears to be assured, the cheap but splendid citrus 
fruit land in the vicinity of Delano is attracting 
much attention, and the time is not far distant when 
the entire body of land skirting the foothills will be 
in demand. The next year is going to witness some 
important changes, more important even than those 
brought about by the discovery of oil. 

Fair Dates Arranged 

The Central California Fair Circuit Association 
has arranged these dates for fairs : Fresno, Septem- 
ber 16-23 ; Tulare, September 23-30 ; Hanford, Sept- 
ember 30-Oetober 7. Los Angeles will hold her 
county fair the following week and most of the ex- 
hibits and horses will go 'there from Bakersfield. 
Fulton Berry, well known as the "Father of Fresno," 
has been elected president, --'and Mr. Tellford of 
Fresno temporary secretary. A committee has been 
appointed to petition the State Legislature for an 
appropriation of $2,000 for premiums for agricultur- 
al exhibits, and a bill to that effect will be intro- 
duced by Assemblyman Drew. 

When the Sea Retreated 

Residents of San Bernardino are reported to have 
discovered, fifteen hundred feet above, sea level and 
four miles from Whitewater, a body of land several 
.hundred acres in extent which consists largely of 
petrified fish and mollusks. These lie in a small 
basin overlooking the desert, within thirty-five 
miles of the Salton sea. It is believed that these 
petrefactions were left on the valley when, ages ago, 
the sea retreated. 

Fine Field in California 

A number of Harvard scientists have started for 
the sources of the Amazon river for the purpose of 
studying a race of people there which is beiieved to 
have become nearly extinct. The Harvard investi- 
gators ought to come to California and do a little 
research work among the rapidly disappearing tribe 
known as Honest Legislators. 

Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Woolwine gave a musicale 
Thursday evening at their home, No. 3601 Downey 

The Pacific Outlook has received requests 
from so many sources that it give more 
time to story writers who desire to enter 
the contest advertised in these columns 
that it has decided to extend the date of the 
closing of the competition to Saturday, March 
2, 1 907. 1& To the author of the best gen- 
eral story submitted to the editors, the scene 
of which is laid in the Southwest, a cash 
prize of Twenty-five Dollars in Gold will be 
awarded. The story must contain not less 
than 3,500 nor more than 6,000 words. 
Manuscripts must be typewritten on one 
side of the paper only, and sent to the editor, 
marked "Prize Story Contest," so that they 
will reach this office before noon of March 
2, 1 907. Q Each manuscript must be ac- 
companied by the full name and address of 
the writer inclosed in a sealed envelope. If 
it be desired that manuscripts be returned, 
postage for that purpose must be inclosed. 
<JIn order that young and inexperienced 
writers may not be discriminated against, 
the name of no competitor will be made 
known to the judges who are to pass upon 
the merits of the stories submitted. •][ The 
competition is open to all, the only require- 
ment in addition to those noted in the fore- 
going being that each contestant must be a 
regular yearly subscriber to the Pacific Out- 
look, or must send in his or her subscription, 
with payment for one year in advance, 
when the manuscript is submitted. <J Hav- 
ing thus set forth the rules governing the 
contest, the editors cannot undertake to 
enter into correspondence with prospective 
contestants regarding the competition. 
Address all manuscripts 

"Prize Story Contest." 

423 Chamber of Commerce Building 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

£ (OTmiXtt 

Jin Independent Weekly Review of the Southwest 

Grorgc Baker Jtnderson 


Mary Holland Kinkaid 


Howard Clark Galloupe 


Published every Saturday at 420422>423 Chamber of Com* 
merce Building, Lot Jtngeles, California, by 

The Pacific Outlook Company. 

Subscription price S2.00 a year in advance. Single copy to 
cents on alt news stands. 

VOL. 2. 

MO. 7 

The Editor of the Pacific Outlook cannot guarantee to return manuscripts, 
though he will endeavor to do so if stamps for that purpose are inclosed with tbem. 
If your manuscript is valuable, keep a copy of it. 


The Pacific Outlook is mailed to subscribers through 
the Los Angeles Post office every Friday, and should be 
delivered in every part of the city by Saturday's post. If 
for any reason it should be delayed, or be delivered in 
poor condition, subscribers will confer a favor upon the 
publishers by giving them immediate notice. Telephone 
Home A 7926. 


Two important problems for the consideration of 
road engineers have been provided by the increasing 
use of automobiles. These are the raising of dust 
and the rapid wear on roads in both the city and 
the country. In Massachusetts, a state having ex- 
cellent rural highways, as a rule, and a large num- 
ber of automobiles, the improved roads are wearing 
out because of the rapid extension of automobile 
travel in the country. A small cloud of dust arising 
from the rapid passage of a machine 
Two Road seems to be a little .thing, but thou- 
Problems sands and millions of these small 
bodies of floating earth, when blown 
from the roadway by the breezes, mean the ulti- 
mate dissipation of the top dressing of the road. 
Even the hardest macadamized roads become more 
or less pulverized on the surface after a while, and 
with the blowing away of a fraction of an ounce of 
earth with the passing of each machine, it does 
not require an expert mathematician to reach the 
conclusion that the entire disappearance of the top 
dressing of a well-constructed country road is but 
a matter of time. 

* * * 

There is a secondary phase of the dust question. 
There is no 'doubt that much of the prejudice 
against the automobile which exists in the minds of 
residents of the country and the villages is the result 
of the ability of the average machine to rnise dust in 
dry weather. While it is true that Tors.- vehicles 

as well as automobiles raise more or less dust, high- 
way officials the country over seem agreed that the 
big rubber tires of the horseless vehicle 
Tires cause much more trouble in this direc- 
and Dust tion than the average farmer's equip- 
ment, not only on account of the action 
of the tires but through the lowness of the body of 
the machine. The speed of automobiles and the 
consequent greater rush of air is another factor to 
be considered. Tn some of the Eastern States, 
notably in New York and Massachusetts, these 
questions are receiving serious consideration at the 
hands of highway officials, and there is little doubt 
that in some communities an extra tax will be levied 
upon auto owners as recompense for their destruc- 
tive force. 

* * * 

The agitation begun in the. East may possibly re- 
sult in the use of oil as a dressing. The California 
idea seems to have taken deep root in certain sec- 
tions where the use of oil is practically unknown, 
and the expense of employing it freely in communi- 
ties remote from the scene of production probably 
will act as the chief drawback. The late report of 
State Highwav Commissioner Ellery of this State 
is being quoted extensively and the people are be- 
coming better educated in the possibili- 
Oil as a ties in the employment of crude oil. 
Dressing Commissioner Ellery states that no ma- 
terial is quite so important to road im- 
provement in California as crude asphaltic oil, 
which may be used "as a dust preventive, a roof to 
shed the rainwater from the foundation and as a 
lubricant to reduce the rate of wear to the road sur- 
face." Some of the Eastern States are far in ad- 
vance of California as roadmakers, in some respects, 
but there is no doubt that all of them may learn a 
valuable lesson in road economy if they will study 
the highwav question as it is handled in this state. 

* * * 

An amendment to the New York State Constitu- 
tion adopted in 1905 authorized an indebtedness not 
exceeding $50,000,000 for the improvement of the 
highways of that state. Under this provision of the 
constitution the state has undertaken the construc- 
tion and maintenance of its highways in a scientific 
and systematic manner for the first time. Plans for 
the improvement of about 2.500 miles of the prin- 
cipal highways have been approved by the various 

The Pacific Outlook 

local authorities, and of this mileage about one-third 
has been constructed. Every county 
Californians in the state outside of New York, 
Awake with three exceptions, has petitioned 

for better roads. The constitutional 
amendment making a scientific highway system 
possible in New York was adopted only after a long 
campaign of education. California need not wait 
upon an educational movement, for the residents of 
this state are now fully alive to the economic value 
of the best possible country thoroughfares. About 
all that remains to be done to insure better roads, 
especially in Southern California, is to put the ma- 
chinery in motion. There will be some "kickers," 
it is true, but the movement already has become so 
popular that the permanent improvements sought 
are now practically assured. 
¥ * * 

All paths have been leading toward Sacramento 
during the past few days. The allopaths, the 
homeopaths, the osteopaths, the neuropaths, the 
naturopaths, the hydropaths and the chromopaths 
all center upon the state capitol. Each seeks a path 
by which the laws governing the practice of medi- 
cine in California will be doctored to suit his own 
special "school.'' The Stite Board of Medical Ex- 
aminers at present consists of five allopaths, or 
"regulars," two homeopaths, still classified among 
the "irregulars," and two eclectics, who are half- 
and-half "regular" and "irregular." The five "regu- 
lars" are in a majority, and consequently they have 
it in their power to grant or deny applications to 
practice medicine within the confines of the state. 
The subsidiary "paths" think that the practitioners 
who claim that they are the only "regu- 
Paths to lars" enjoy altogether too much power 
the Capitol and the "similii similibus curantur" 
devotees and the eclectics, who pre- 
scribe ad lib., regardless of "school," want .the law 
amended so as to give the allopaths, the homeo- 
paths and the eclectics three members each on the 
examining board. The "regulars," whom the 
homeopaths call the "old school" practitioners, will 
have to give way to the advance of the "new school" 
111 this respect ultimately, but they are warding off 
the blow as long as possible. Homeopathy, once 
derided as the "sweetened water" and "little pill" 
system of medicine, has come to be widely recog- 
nized during the past generation or two. It is to 
a certain extent in a pioneer stage in the region west 
of the Mississippi, but it is rapidly outgrowing its 
swaddling cloths and, like osteopathy and Christian 
Science, its once small predatory band of followers 
has become a legion. 

* * * 

That was a very impertinent letter which Sena- 
tor Bell wrote to Assemblyman Thompson declining 
with scant thanks an invitation to dine at a French 

iestaurint in Sacramento as the guest of WalLei 
Francis Xavier Parker. The reasons Senator Bell 
gave for declining to accept of the hospitality of the 
distinguished moulder of legislative opinion were 
childish. "In the first place," he wrote, "I do not 
care to partake of Mr. Walter Parker's hospitality. 
In the second place there is no good or sufficient rea- 
son why any one outside of the Los Angeles county 
delegation should be there in any capacity what- 
ever." Senator Bell even had the temerity to assert 
that in his opinion "the Los Angeles 
Senatorial county delegation should be fully 
Impertinence competent to arrange matters relat- 
ing to our county without the ad- 
vice of any one, unless it might be the legal advice 
of some one competent to give the same." It seems 
to us that the fiery Pasadena senator ought to have 
gone to that dinner, if for no other purpose than of 
retting a free meal at the expense of the Southern 
Pacific. He could then sav that he had secured 
something from the great political factor of Califor- 
nia — and a free dinner is about all that any citizen 
ought to expect the Southern Pacific to hand out to 
anybody. Senator Bell is getting to be altogether 
too independent. Pretty soon we shall expect to 
see the railroad bosses attempt. to cure him by read- 
ing him back into the party fold. 

* * * 

The boss-ridden legislature will do everything in 
its power to inject deadly poison into the proposed 
purification of elections movement. There is little 
hope that the present body will adopt any practical 
measures toward lifting elections out of the mire of 
boss control. Unless public sentiment overwhelm 
it, on the contrary it may be expected to enact 
measures strengthening the hands of the "machine." 
Senator Walker's bill, proposing an amendment to 
the political code, provides, among other things, 
that each certificate for an independent nomination 
must be a separate paper and contain the name of 
but one signer thereof, and that each signer must 

verify such certificate by making an 

Foe to oath that the same is true, before an 

Independence officer authorized to take an oath, 

and that this oath must be certified 
as required for an affidavit. It is the plain intention 
of this provision that independent nominations shall 
be made as difficult as possible. As a matter of fact 
it would render them wellnigh out of the question. 
It asks that men who desire to become independent 
candidates for office perform an amount of labor 
that would tax the most abundant energies of any 
individual or ordinary combination of men. The 
fine hand of the Southern Pacific outfit is plainly 
evident in the Walker bill. Its enactment into law 
would mean the forging of one more fetter upon a 
now almost helpless people. The bill should be 


The Pacific Outlook 

Thi 5 • f the excursion to the Hawaiian Isi- 

ands under the auspices of the Los Angeles Cham- 
ber of Commerce will find many things in those 
islands to interest them, not the least important, to 
an inquiring mind, being the land question. Tre-ii- 
. i in t Roosevelt has drawn a word picture of the 
small American farmer dwelling in peace and plenty 
tinder the shade of the spreading banana tree. As 
a matter of fact, small farming has been tried re- 
peatedly in Hawaii, and it uniformly has proven a 
failure. The only great obstacle to the success of 
agriculture there is the lack of a suit- 
Hawaiian able market. The local market, as all 
Agriculture well-informed persons know, is ex- 
tremely limited. All the great planta- 
- arc rendered productive solely through ela- 
borate irrigation systems. The land which has been 
developed into these plantations formerly was bar- 
ren and unproductive. American capital and enter- 
prise making them productive by means of irriga- 
tion and artificial fertilization. Many Californians 
have had the Hawaiian bee in their bonnet lately. 
The Chamber of Commerce or some of its guests 
would be performing a distinct public service by 
looking into this agricultural question and making 
a report upon the return of the party. 
* * * 

Los Angeles should profit by the experience of 
Chicago with impure milk and adopt drastic meas- 
ures, without a day's unnecessary delay, to secure 
for all time to come milk of the purest and most 
healthful quality for the inhabitants of the city. 
Milk, like water, is something which we all use daily 
in some form or another, and the two hundred and 
seventy-five thousand residents of this city should 
be fully protected against the possibilities of an out- 
break of disease as the result of the use of impure 
milk or milk which is rendered offensive in any man- 
ner whatever. Much of the milk sold 
Milk and in this city by dairies which "guarantee'' 
Sickness their product to be pure and healthful 
reeks with filth and unquestionably is 
not fit to put into the stomach. In Chicago an epi- 
demic of scarlet fever growing out of the use of un- 
clean milk has been in progress for several weeks. 
Within a month there have been about 35,000 cases, 
and the record of new cases recently rose to four 
hundred per day. The disease was traced to a Wis- 
consin town in which a large dairy was located, and 
as many of the employes came in daily contact with 
persons suffering from scarlet fever the result was 

¥ * * 
New York has become greatly alarmed over its 
own milk question, and other cities are learning the 
lesson in the Chicago situation. Los Angeles, for- 
tunately, has not yet suffered as Chicago has, but 
it has thrown the doors wide open. It is quite evi- 

dent from the character of some "i tin- milk brought 

i ii t • ■ this city that the method of inspection i^ lax. 
A life ami death matter like this is a proper subject 
for a most rigid and far-reaching investigation. If 

Mayor Harper should appoint a 

Pasteurization commission to investigate the qucs- 

Proposed tion thoroughly and recommend 

action which would make the Chi- 
cago situation impossible in Los Angeles, the feel- 
ing of apprehension on the part of numerous resi- 
dents of this city would fast disappear. The Chi- 
cago authorities are looking into the matter of 
pasteurization as a possible remedy. If they attain 
the end sought by this method other cities naturally 
will follow their example. If the Chicago com- 
mission should find no way of absolutely guarding 
against disease by the inspection method it probably 
will recommend that the city authorities see that all 
milk offered for sale there be pasteurized. 

* * * 

A British royal commission on tuberculosis has 
announced to the world that the drinking of raw 
milk is the chief cause of tuberculosis. The intelli- 
gence has prompted the New York authorities to 
take steps toward increasing the force of inspectors 
and planning the pasteurization of all milk sold in 
that city. If done on the wholesale plan, as it would 
be if made a municipal function, pasteurization 
would kill all the germs. It is an easy thing for a 
scarlet fever germ to get by an inspector, but it is 
not able to pass through pasteurized milk and live. 
The New York idea is to have all milk entering the 
city pass through one central station for treatment 
by the noted French scientist's meth- 

Local od, or to have smaller germ-destroy- 

Application ing stations at the creameries, but 
operated by the city. By either plan 
all disease-bearing germs would be rendered in- 
nocuous, but the central station idea seems to be the 
most practical and the surest method. Dr. Wiley, 
chief of the Bureau of Chemistry of the Department 
of Agriculture, is authority for the statement that 
the greater propertion of deaths of children in the 
summer is due to impure milk. This fact, taken in 
connection with the statement that raw milk is a 
prolific producer of tuberculosis, should be sufficient 
to move the municipal authorities of Los Angeles to 
proceed without delay to devise practical measures 
for the protection of our inhabitants from the danger 
of filling their systems with disease germs from this 

* * * 

The proposed amendment to the State Constitu- 
tion seeking to enable school districts to provide free 
text books for pupils will hardly accomplish the 
very desirable end sought. The provision suggested 
is that the various school boards of the state "shall 
have the power to provide from the funds of such 

The Pacific Outlook 

district, for the free use by all pupils regularly en- 
rolled in the schools of such district, of the text 
books required by the course of study in such 
schools." In the first place the language employed 
in the proposed amendment is faulty and equivocal. 

Furthermore there is nothing manda- 

Free tory in the provision. If adopted we 

Text Books fear that while the plan might be 

found to work admirably in some 
school districts, it would not be of a sufficiently uni- 
form character. The question of raising funds 
would kill all proposals looking toward free text 
books in many — possibly the great majority — of the 
districts. There undoubtedly is a great sentiment 
in favor of free text books. That point, however, 
must be settled at the polls. If the people of Cali- 
fornia vote in favor of any such proposition, the 
legislature should give them an opportunity of mak- 
ing the purchase of free text books mandatory upon 
the entire state. 

* * * 

It will be a great pity if the Board of Education 
allows the Southern Pacific combine to bluff it into 
giving away the right to build the proposed sub- 
way beneath the Olive street school building. It is 
stated that the proposed subway, if built, would 
leave the school building standing about three feet 
above the roof of the tunnel. This would mean that 
the building would be totally unfitted for school 
purposes, as all who have lived within three or 
thirty feet of a railroad will testify. The veiled 
threat of the railroad people that the venture will 
be abandoned unless the city, the Board of Educa- 
tion and about everybody else concerned shall 

concede the demands made is a 
The "System" bluff, pure and simple. A study 
and the Schools of the career of E. H. Harriman 

furnishes convincing evidence in 
this direction. If Harriman has determined to enter 
Los Angeles and compete with the Huntington sys- 
tem, the few thousands of dollars that will pay for 
thc rights of way sought will be as nothing in his 
path. He will make his bluff if he can, but if he 
find that it fails, he will pay for that which the city 
refuses to give him outright. This is the Harriman 
way elsewhere, and it will be the Harriman way 
here. We advise the school authorities to make 
Harriman pay for the destruction of the Olive street 
school property. The pursuit of any other course 
would be a gross breach of trust. 

* * * 

When young Amman, a new police officer, shot 
and killed Vusich when the latter was resisting ar- 
lest for operating a "blind pig" a few weeks ago, 
public sentiment and the courts said that he was 
amply justified in killing his man. When William 
Ross was killed a few days ago by Patrolman 
Hoover under somewhat similar circumstances, the 

people and the courts took the same view. Chief 
Kern is said to have decided upon the most drastic 
measures for the preservation of the peace and the 
prevention of crime in Los Angeles. Public senti- 
ment is with him and will remain 
Put Crime with him. When a highwayman 
at a Discount or a burglar, detected in the com- 
mission of a crime or resisting ar- 
rest by a display of arms, is shot and killed, by an 
officer of the law, public sentiment will always be 
found back of him. The surest way to discourage 
a reign of crime is by making the occupation one of 
the greatest possible hazard. When the gang of 
thugs and highwaymen now infesting Los Angeles 
learn that the police have been instructed to shoot 
to kill in such cases as those of Vusich and Ross, 
and that obedience to orders to that effect will be 
followed by the exoneration of the officers, crime of 
this character will be found to be at a great dis- 

* * * 

The Senate has passed the Curtin bill prohibiting 
the importation into the state of horses having 
docked tails, and the promoters of the Pasadena 
horse show are up in arms against it. While the 
docking of horses' tails is a form of cruelty to ani- 
mals that should not be tolerated, it will be of little 
use to legislate against the admission into the state 
of horses which already have been subjected to this 
hideous operation. We cannot help but feelthat the 
Pasadena people and the Southern California Horse 
Show Association are justified in their attack upon 
the bill. It will accomplish nothing toward putting 
an end to the cruel practice of lopping off 
Docked the spinal appendages of horses in Cah- 

Tails fornia, but it will either kill or render de- 
cidedly mediocre the horse shows which 
may be projected hereafter. Much of the finest, 
slock exhibited at these events comes from the East, 
where the docking is done, and the passage of the 
bill would make it impossible for these eastern 
horses to be entered in the show, or to be brought 
to California for any purpose whatever. It is all 
right to forbid this fiendish practice in this state, 
but it is the height of folly for a' state which is con- 
stantly bidding for the best tourist trade to take a 
step which will drive a considerable portion of that 
trade out of California. 

* * * 

What could have been the influence that actuated 
Transue, of the Los Angeles delegation in the State 
Legislature, to introduce his bill compelling the em- 
ployment of an architect by any person desirous of 
building any structure from a hencoop or a smoke 
house to a fifty-thousand-dollar mansion? The 
passage of this bill would do more toward dis- 
couraging building operations in California than 
anything else of which we can think. All that would 

The Pacific Outlook 

! to emphasize the folly of the measure 
Id be the organization of a trust by the archi- 
ve so that they might boost the prices 

their labor a hundred per cent 01 
Fine for the so. Such legi this is cl< 

Architects intended to favor one class of pro- 
fessional men. Many of the smallei 
Los Angeles are erected upon plans 
drawn by the owner or by the building contractor. 
The !. substantial houses eminently satis- 

• iv to the owners, and the owners are the ones 
to he pleased in the matter. It is just as absurd to 
demand that no man shall erect a house until after 
plans shall have been drawn by an architect as it 
would be to insist that every owner of a garden 
shall have it laid out by a professional gardener. 
The Transue bill is too utterly nonsensical to de- 
mand a moment's serious consideration on the part 
of the legislature. 

* * * 
A careful analysis of the proceedings of the Inter- 
Commerce Commission during its recent in- 
quiry into railroad matters in Southern California 
ieads to the conviction that what that body and 
1 of the daily press of this city were pleased to 
term an investigation was little short of a farce — if, 
indeed, the term should not apply in its fullness. 
I '.'fore the visit of Commissioner L-Mie it was loudly 
announced that the relation of the railroad combina- 
tion to transportation by water — the key to the 
whole situation — would be made the 
Investigation subject of the inquisition. Although 
or Farce every effort was made to procure an 
official inquiry into this vital ques- 
tion, the commission, apparently with studied inten- 
tion, so directed the course of the investigation as 
to eliminate the possibility of adducing any evidence 
tending to prove the great conspiracy which has re- 
sulted in the practical sealing of our harbors against 
trade with Atlantic ports. It was a foregone con- 
clusion that a two or three days' inquiry would be 
futile. The so-called investigation may as well 
never have been held, if we are to consider it ended. 
* * * 
There is another feature of this farcical proceeding 
which makes its humorous aspect still more evident. 
Inasmuch as those railroad officials who testified be- 
fore the commission cannot legally be held account- 
able for their acts, so far as such acts were admitted 
before that body, it will be seen that the com- 
mission has plunged them into an immunity bath 
which protects them against future prosecution. In 
oilier words they occupy much the same status as 
the criminal who turns state's evidence and thereby 
becomes immune against prosecution 
Immunity for the act or acts to which he has been 
Bath a party. The whole thing has been a 
gigantic jest. The people have been 
beautifully fooled. The harbors will remain as 

tightly closed as ever, the railroad combine will re- 
tain its grip upon the state as effectually a~ hereto- 
fore, the operators will continue in the even tenor 
of their ways, happy in the knowledge that they 
have a friend at court. It is a great pity that the 

i alifornia investigation could not have been con- 
ducted by a membei of the Interstate Commerce 
Commission who had not been an office-seeker and 
office-holder in this state. 

* * * 

I ugene Schmitz. the indicted mayor of San Fran- 
cisco, is certainly entitled to the palm. Going to 
Washington as the accepted head of the delegation 
to confer with the President regarding the Japanese 
question — though not upon the direct invitation of 
tile President — he at once assumed practical con- 
trol, of the delegation, which conferred upon him 
the right to represent it in giving out information to 
the press. Schmitz may be depended upon to make 
political capital galore out of his trip to Washing- 
ton. His change of front after his arrival at the 

capital is exhibited in a single sen- 

Schmitz After fence attributed to him : "The peo- 

Vindication pie of California do not give a rap 

about the school question, but they 
are opposed to the admission of Japanese coolies 
into this country." He has thereby placed himself 
on record as speaking for the entire population of 
the state, with absolutely no authority, taking the 
opinion of the San Francisco A. P. A. outfit as the 
sentiment of the remainder of the state. Schmitz 
may delude himself and fool much of San Francisco, 
but he will not fool the President. If he secure the 
"vindication" contemplated by him in his jaunt to 
Washington he will have won the chief point which 
his diplomacy anticipated. 

* * * 

Regardless of any action which may be taken in 
the future by the President and the Senate, suppose 
we all agree to keep faith with the Japanese and 
abide by the terms of our existing compact with, 
them during the life of the treaty. The treaty stipu- 
lations are plain : "The citizens or the subjects of 
the two high contracting parties shall have full 
liberty to enter, travel or reside in any part of the 
territories of the other contracting party, and shall 

enjoy full and perfect protection for 
Our Treaty their persons and property. * * * 
Obligations and in all matters they shall enjoy all 

the rights and privileges enjoyed by 
native citizens or subjects." The argument has been 
raised that inasmuch as Japan does not permit 
American children to enter her schools she should 
not ask that we admit Japanese children into our 
schools. The argument loses all its force for one 
very important reason, which is nothing more nor 
less than that Japan does not disbar American chil- 

The Pacific Outlook 

dren from her schools. But even if she did, and we 
recognize her right to do so, by our treaty with her, 
that would in no wise affect our obligations. 
* * * 
The Pacific Outlook has consistently maintained, 
from the inception of the extremely discreditable 
school agitation in San Francisco, that the only just 
and nationally honorable thing we can do in the 
matter is to abide strictly by the treaty stipulations. 
If the treaty at any time is deemed a poor one, giv- 
ing Japanese subjects in America advantages which 
American citizens in Japan do not enjoy, the solu- 
tion lies in the abrogation of the treaty and the for- 
mulation of a new one. But that is another ques- 
tion. The thing which confronts San Francisco now 
is the law— the law laid down by the treaty, which 
is paramount to all state and municipal 
Call Off legislation. If a law is a bad one, the 
the Dogs best way to get rid of it is to enforce it 
to the letter. If the treaty with Japan 
is a bad one, and the people become convinced of 
the fact, its enforcement will be followed by an over- 
whelming demand that it be replaced by one more 
nearly in consonance with the keynote of the best 
popular thought, not in San Francisco alone, but 
on the whole Pacific coast. In the meantime the 
utterly asinine and imbecilic attitude of the San 
Francisco agitators is making the formulation of 
a treaty acceptable to Japan and the United States 
alike wellnigh impossible. The dogs of Tveitmoe- 
ism and Schmitzism should be called off before the 
government takes one step toward the negotiation 
of a new treaty. 

* * * 

The corporation-owned majority in the present 
State Legislature will not antagonize its creator by 
abolishing the tool of the railroads operating under 
the title of State Railroad Commission. This seems 
to be a foregone conclusion. The brand of the thrall 
stands out clearly upon the foreheads of the domi- 
nant wing of the lawmaking body. Things have 
come to such a pass that the standard of railroad 
leadership is boldly flung to the breezes. And yet, 
what's the use of complaining? Majority rule is a 
recognized institution— it is a principle of our gov- 
ernment. The people voted these abject. 
Majority tools into office because, we must be- 

Rule lieve, they wanted them there. The pub- 
lic conscience was not so wide awake last 
fall as some of the daily newspapers led us to believe 
it to be. When the next campaign rolls around 
there will be the same sort of agitation and the same 
result, with possibly here and there another Bell — 
a "rara avis." We wonder if the people really like 
the idea of perpetuating the Southern Pacific as the 
sole political power. In moments of pessimism we . 
inevitably conclude that they do, for they answer in 
the affirmative at the polls. In the meantime they 
"pay the freight," at both ends. 

It is inconceivable that the members of the legis- 
lature are unaware of public sentiment. They must 
be governed by their spirit of complete indifference 
to the demands of the public. That this is probably 
the case is indicated by the statement of Senator 
Wolfe the other day that he was convinced that the 
people of California are not in favor of the direct 
vote. Senator Wolfe is the recognized leader of the 
Republican majority and naturally is expected to 
know something about public opinion. He declared 
that the people were getting about "all that was 
coming to them," according to one newspaper re- 
port, when the legislature conceded 
Wolfe's their right to a direct primary. "A 
Demagogy Republican legislature two years ago 
refused to grant the people a right, to 
participate in the voting for a federal senator," he 
argued, "and yet the men who voted on that meas- 
ure have been returned to the legislature and are 
here on the floor of the senate to-day. If the people 
were not satisfied with our action they would not 
have voted to send us back." If Senator Wolfe is 
not a demagogue, where may we discover one? He 
might just as well argue that because the Southern 
Pacific still owns the legislature, body and soul, the 
people want to keep that corporation in power as the 
Supreme Boss of the state. We are scratching our 

head and thinking. 

* * * 

It is to make one smile, that request of Paul 
De Longpre for a liquor license for a place of 
amusement located beyond the limits within which 
whiskey is permitted to be sold in Los Angeles. Mr. 
De Longpre is an artist, and likewise a prospective 
proprietor of a concert hall on Eighteenth and Main 
streets. As it is a widely recognized fact that the 
average concert hall cannot be conducted profitably 
without catering to the appetites of lovers of alco- 
holic beverages in various guises, Mr. De Longpre 
and his associate, Mr. Limouze, responded to the 
promptings of their artistic sub con- 
Whiskey scious egoes and asked the City Council 
and Art to extend the liquor zone to meet their 
desires in respect to the contemplated 
music-hall-center-of-art. Mr. De Longpre's con- 
sideration for the wishes of those residents whose 
homes are located in close proximity to the pro- 
jected place of amusement and drinks is shown by 
his tacit admission that he wouldn't think of such a 
thing as a whiskey and music combination adjacent 
to his own beautiful and artistic home in Holly- 
wood. What is good for the Hollywood goose is 
not good, it would seem, for the Eighteenth and 
Main streets gander. We don't believe the council 
will be weak enough to extend the liquor zone for 
the sake of pleasing a non-resident of the city. 
* * * 
It is reported from Sacramento that Governor 
Gillett lias repudiated the outrageous Beardslee bill 

The Pacific Outlook 

l>r .posing in legislate out of office on July 1 all ap- 
tees of ex-Governor Pardee. The Governor is 
il .1- saying that he will not permit his admin- 
istration i" be disgraced by the approval of any 
such measure as thai contemplated by this bill. If 
ihis is true, the Southern Pacific "machine" will 
have to abandon the measure or fly in the face of 
utivc wrath. If the Governor adheres firmly 
to the position he has assumed it is hardly likely 
that the bill will be passed over his 
Executive veo. But if it should be, he will still 
Awakening have the power to render the act 
worthless by refusing- to make new 
appointments to the various offices affected, thereby 
leaving the present incumbents in their positions. 
I'hc Governor may as well begin plying his lash 
over the heads of the abominable ringsters in the 
legislature at this time, for he must do so sooner 
or later or go down in history as one of the weakest 
executives California has ever had. He is in a po- 
sition efficiently to curb the machine element in the 
lawmaking body, and he will win the everlasting 
gratitude of the decent people of the state if he 
takes the decisive step. "Do it now," Governor. 

* * * 

There is one bill now before the legislature which 
ought to become a law. It is a measure introduced 
by Assemblyman Lynch prohibiting the sale of 
liquor within half a mile of any land belonging to 
the state, within one mile of the University of Cali- 
fornia and within one and one-half miles of the 
soldiers' or veterans' homes. The last provision, in 
particular, is a wise one. Near Leavenworth, 
Kansas, where a national soldiers' home is estab- 
lished, for years there was maintained a colony of 
whiskey joints which robbed 
Veterans and the inmates of the soldiers' 

the Saloon Vulture home of their spending money 
for a long period, despite the 
fact that Kansas is supposed to be a prohibition 
state. It is deplorable, but nevertheless true, that a 
large percentage of the veterans of the Civil War 
are victims of the whiskey habit, and to allow saloon 
vultures to prey upon them, at the very doors of in- 
stitutions in which they are supported by the federal 
or state government, is a crying shame. The Lynch 
Dili will go a long way toward making it difficult 
for veterans to satisfy their diseased appetites, and 
for this reason it ought to receive the unanimous 
sanction of both houses of the legislature and the 
i ioveruor. 

* * * 

" Ridgway "s," "A Militant Weekly for God and 
Country," has given up the ghost after the publica- 
tion of nineteen issues. In his "morituri salutaiims " 
Mr. Ridgway, founder of the paper, says: "It takes a 
mighty white light to show a man that he should 

give up the instrument by which he hoped to 
LOinplish the work he believes in before he has 

exhausted In- strength or jeoparded his resoun 
n is difficult io dissociate the instrument from the. 
work itself, Il is bard not to feel that he is giving 

up the hope upon which he has set his heart. To 
Struggle with a proposition that a man knows is 
hopeless, to carry on a work that is 
Ridgway not getting anywhere and has no pros- 
Quits pects of getting anywhere till strength 
and resources are exhausted, is pure 
bravado." Ridgway started his weekly not because 
he wanted to but because, as he says, he had to 
"We had the time, we bad the strength, we had the 
money to give it a big, honest try-out." And he 
failed. But your failure, Mr. Ridgway, is chock 
lull of honor. You put up a good fight for nineteen 
weeks. If the people don't want to enter the lists 
in the fight for God and Country by supporting the 
kind of a paper you gave them, don't you worry — 
at least about yourself or your paper. If you have 
any worrying to do, worry about the people who 
would prefer the Town Topicses, the Police Gazettes 
and the Big Yellows in the daily newspaper field. 

* * * 

Champion Woman-hater Capitulates 

Announcement that Lord Kitchener, known in 
Europe, Asia and Africa as the champion woman- 
hater of his time, has capitulated at last before the 
charms of a woman, will amuse many British army 
officers who were compelled to suffer numerous 
disappointments because of their commander's pre- 
judice against the proximity of sweethearts and 
wives during any campaign. 

Lord Kitchener is now in his fifty-seventh year. 
He first came into international prominence in 1884 
when, as major of Egyptian cavalry, he served in 
the Nile expedition. By the Khartum expedition of 
1898 he established the authority of Great Britain 
in the Sudan. For -this distinguished service he was 
raised to the peerage. He was appointed chief of 
staff under Lord Roberts in South Africa in 1899 
and a year later succeeded Lord Roberts in com- 
mand of the army. It was while in this position 
that he exercised what was called unreasonable 
tyranny over his men, for through the long Boer 
campaign he declined to permit the families of his 
army officers to establish themselves in South 
Africa. He remained deaf to every plea and through 
the long siege of Ladysmith was looked upon as a 
heartless woman-hater. It now transpires that at 
the very moment of his greatest power, all his 
theories were overturned by a pretty widow, Mrs. 
Samuel S. Chauncey. Mrs. Chauncey desired to 
pass a cordon, and when she was informed of the 
iron-bound rules, sought an interview with the 
tyrant. Lord Kitchener was firm and the angry 
woman expressed her indignation in words that 
plainly revealed her opinion of his heartlessness. 
Lord Kitchener condescended to be amused. His 
smile dissipated the dainty widow's anger and from 
that time she has been most friendly with the 
bachelor general. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Agriculture in California Would Become Paralyzed with the Little Brown 
Men Eliminated — White Help Practically Impossible to Secure 

By Mrs. A. E. Whiteside op Huntington Beach 

In discussing politics with my father, I have al- 
ways held the opinion that our government was as 
good as the people, the majority, wanted. Until 
Lhe people are aroused to feel the necessity of clean 
government and do and say things to place the im- 
pure state of affairs before the public, especially by 
means of the newspapers, they can never accomplish 
great things. Simply talking to one's neighbor will 
not do. So with the present Japanese question. I 
think the people and men in authority should have 
a chance to view it from every standpoint and then 
act according to the light received. 

I have read with eagerness the articles printed in 
daily papers, especially those from the various citi- 
zens, regarding the Japanese invasion, but have 
read none which struck at the root of the matter. 
In discussing the subject with various people I find 
that many hold the same opinion as myself, but no 
one has taken the trouble to write about matters 
as they stand. 

A short time ago, an official from Washington 
came to the West, primarily to attend his brother's 
wedding, and secondly to study the Japanese ques- 
tion on the coast. I have wondered since if he had 
so much as one interview with any man whose in- 
terests are really at stake if the Japanese are ex- 
cluded from the United States. Tourists come to 
Southern California, take in the sights as viewed 
lrom observation cars, and during excursions to 
the beaches, mountains and on the "kite shaped 
track," and think they have seen California, whereas 
the real California — the one we have known and 
loved so long — is as yet an unknown quantity. I 
fear too many of the questions of government are 
unknown quantities to numbers of people who vote 
for or against them. 

No one of us, not even the most optimistic, can 
realize the great possibilities of California's future, 
which will depend, not upon her proverbial stores 
of hidden gold, her possible manufacturing achieve- 
ments, her chance as a shipping center through her 
two excellent ports, nor her great physical beauties 
and charms, but upon her agricultural development. 
We are often amused, and sometimes offended, at 
the attitude which some of our eastern friends as- 
sume toward us. They cannot believe that we are 
even as other people, not a class separate and apart 
from the rest of the great people of the United 
States. They cannot realize that we have institu- 
tions of learning which rank among some of the first 
of the land; that the financial system of our public 
schools, organized by old John Swett, a pioneel 

educator, excelled in no state in the Union, enables 
us to place in our poorest, weakest, remotest dis- 
tricts, sometimes in almost inaccessible corners, 
good school libraries, comfortable school buildings, 
and a teacher of culture and professional ability, 
giving her a good salary. But this is pardonable 
ignorance and we cannot censure, since our own 
knowjedge falls far short of our magnitude, our at- 
tainments and our possibilities. Our schools, the 
pulse of the state, show us to be in good form, now 
for our greater possibilities. 

See what the electric car system has done for Los 
Angeles County. It is nearly all divided up into 
town lots. The projected network of electric car 
systems which will connect Los Angeles with San 
Diego, Los Angeles to Redlands and San Bernar- 
dino, Los Angeles to Ventura, Santa Barbara, 
Fresno, and on up the line, will eventually open up 
lor settlement large tracts of land containing thou- 
sands of acres, which have hitherto been entirely 
unknown to the public in general or which mean 
no more than mere names. Take, for instance, the 
immense company ranch of San Fernando valley 
m Los Angeles County, the Conejo, Simi, Los 
Posas, Little Sespe, Big Sespe and the Ojai in Ven- 
tura County, and the large tracts in Tulare and 
Fresno counties toward which many eyes are being 
iately turned. These large tracts of land are for the 
most part grain and stock ranches. The soil is rich 
enough to grow anything, of course allowing for a 
difference of. a few degrees of temperature in certain 
localities, causing a variance of adaptibility for cer- 
Lain things. The climate is there, the present trying 
winter and the disgust of tourists notwithstanding. 
But lack of water and a great distance from market 
have held them back in the same state for years. 
Now the oncoming of the electric car will do away 
with the market problem, and the water is every- 
where, or nearly so, if the people will but dig for it. 
God never gave us such stretches of beautiful, rich 
country without the means of developing it if we 
will but work. These things will mean the sub- 
dividing of these tracts into small ranches — towns 
as business centers will spring up along the car 
lines, and in five, ten and twenty years in place of 
a few old ranch houses, miles apart, will be the 
houses of thousands of prosperous families. What 
wili fifty years mean? The imagination piays one 

We in California need an influx of eastern farmers 
who know how to keep up the little things about a 
place and cultivate every foot of the soil, for Cali- 

The Pacific Outlook 

fomia farming has always been done on I 

do this — men with ;i few hundred or a few 
thousand dollars who will build comfortable cot- 

5, presentable barns and out houses, and 
understand the art of making country places look 
like homes. Any man with a small capital and a 
fair amount of "stickability" can do this in nearly 
any locality after tin- introduction of electric cars 
into the various valleys. The first requisite on eacli 
ranch will he the boring of a well and the installation 
of a small pumping plant. 1 know of hundreds oi 
acres of the richest soil in Ventura County where 
tiie sod iias never been turned. 

Fresno and Tulare counties have already begun 
the good work, and where in the autumn six \ears 
■sere dry. hot. never ending fields of wheat 
stubble today are field after field of beautiful, green. 
tool alfalfa, with accompanying prosperity. Why 
is San Diego, which has not been able to do more 
than hold her own for years, just now beginning 
t.i boom — San Diego with all her advantages as to 
climate, beauty and situation? They are beginning 
to develop water in the surrounding country, and 
tile "desert will be made to bloom." One does not 
need to be reminded of the great development in 
Imperial Valley, even with or without electric cars, 

Los Angeles County, or a good share of it, as I 
have said, is being cut up into town lots, and 
orchards, vineyards, berry fields and small gardens 
are almost a thing of the past. Ten years ago and 
even later two cents per pound was the highest price 
paid for the best fruit of any kind. Last year in 
Huntington Beach we did not get even the poorest 
fruit for less than five cents per pound. Ahead)' we 
are having to import in large quantities from other 
sections, and even other states. What is to be the 
"income? With the rapidly increasing population 
of Los Angeles and surrounding territory, we must 
look to these practically undeveloped sections for 
our future supplies. 

My present home i- in the celery and sugar beet 
land in Orange County. The soil oi the whole val- 
ley, the old Santa Ana river bed, is either peat or 
of :i --lit deposit, and so far as we know is the richest 
soil in Southern California. Five or six years ago 
Ine whole country was a willow swamp, but the 
land lias been gradually cleared and a drainage sys- 
tem established, until now the land "flows with milk 
and honey." Last year a large canning and pickling 
factory was established in the heart of the valley. 
This means much to the people there, but foremost 
of all will be the great ever present, overwhelming 
question of hiring manual labor. 

( )'ur present ranch of 160 acres can be taken as a 
type, and I can briefly give an idea of the great 
amount of labor required to keep it running with 
any degree of success. My husband has contracted 
with the Chino Sugar Factory for forty acres of 
beets. When these beets are but a few weeks old 

a man must gel on his knees astride each row, cut- 
ting or pulling out all of the plant- except one eV( ry 
six inches. By the time the thinning i- done the 
hoeing begin-. The whole field must 1 e hoed 'wo 
or three lime-. Soon come- the topping, piling ami 
loading onto the wagons, (if course the rancher 
has to attend to the preparation of the land, the 

planting, cultivating and hauling. Besides he will 
have forty acres of lima bean-. For them, other 
than the regular ranch work, much hard work will 
not be required, simply hoeing two or three times 
and the idling, and later, if they get damp, the piles 
must be turned. But the work must he done in due 
season or it will mean great loss. 

At present we have in the ground thirty acres 
of celery, soon to be taken out, and this is the most 
expensive, difficult and uncertain crop with which 
we have to deal. ( In fact because of the scarcity of 
labor, and the increase in price paid for labor, as 
well as the uncertainty of the crop, many ranchers 
have given up the production of celery, and many 
others are contemplating doing so. The people who 
think Japanese labor is cheap would better get out 
and go to ranching. The illusion would soon be 

In regard to the labor necessary for the produc- 
tion of the celery — first, we had three acres of seed 
beds to prepare. This had to be irrigated, worked 
down, raked and sowed. The beds had to be kept 
watered, and as the young plants began to grow it 
was a constant care to keep the weeds down. Who- 
ever knows of the task of weeding a small lawn can 
imagine what care a three acre seed bed would 
mean. I wall say right here that three acres were 
not sufficient for the raising of our plants. We 
should have had four. Then the thirty acres were 
irrigated, worked down, the rows run and the plant- 
ing begun. The rows are about three feet apart 
and the plants in each row are set six inches apart. 
Think of the thousands of plants to the acre and each 
plant must be handled twice! It requires two boys 
pulling in the seed bed to supply one boy planting. 
The rancher attends to the cultivating, half banking 
and banking, and later will come the cutting out,i 
sorting and crating. This winter during the wet 
season in many of the fields, they were working- 
crews of twenty-five men, in mud and water up to 
their knees, trying to cut out the celery in order lo 
save it. for it can not stand much water around the 
roots. W here could we find the crew of twenty- 
five white men wdio would do this for even one 

For our thirty acres of tomatoes, five acres of 
cucumbers, five acres of string beans, and later 
many acres of cabbage and .cauliflower, it will re- 
quire dozens of men. There will be needed for the 
cucumbers alone three men to the acre, daily, all 
through the season, and the string beans will require 
more. Our ranch is but as a mere drop in a whole 

The Pacific Outlook 

bucket of water, compared with the other ranches 
of like or various nature. Now we must have help. 
No one can deny that fact and where are we to 
get it? 

I should like to say with regard to help in the 
house that while it is a serious question that of the 
field work is much more so, because it is more vital. 

Though at times I have felt that I could write 
volumes on the trials and tribulations of a house- 
wife trying to keep help in the country my experi- 
ences have not all been unpleasant. During my 
years of married life I have proven to my entire 
satisfaction that for the country, at any rate, the 
Japanese are by far the best class of servants. I 
have tried young women, old women, married and 
single, of three or four nationalities, but with the 
exception of one colored girl, have never kept one 
over three weeks. One Japanese I kept one year, 
another eight months and a few six months. True, 
some of my experiences with Japanese cooks have 
been decidedly depressing, and I have had to shut 
my eyes to many unpleasant things, but I still pre- 
fer them. I think upon inquiry one can find this is 
true of many families. The Japanese, as a race, are 
a cleanly people, but I have had a few cooks who 
were anything but that. However, where this has 
been true I think the previous training has been at 
fault. I have never had any trouble along this line 
when I have trained the boys myself. One may 
never be able to make good cooks of some boys, but 
with a small amount of tact and patience one can, 
with few exceptions, teach them to keep the kitch- 
en and pantry shining. 

It is a mistaken idea that Japanese servants are 
cheaper than others; if any thing, they are a little 
higher priced. Inquire at all the employment offices 
in the city for both male and female help and see 
for yourself. I cannot get any one from an employ- 
ment office for less than $35 or $40 and it is too 
much. Thirty dollars is sufficient for the work in 
my home. Then why should I pay $35 or $40 in the 
beginning when I know that if they are at all satis- 
factory in a very short time $5 more per month will 
be demanded? Each year the price crawls up, with 
no greater degree of satisfaction in the services 

For the field work white help is not to be ob- 
tained, all of the articles concerning hundreds of 
unemployed men notwithstanding. There are not 
enough good working men in the country to supply 
more than one-half of the demands for ranch hands. 
Go to every employment office in the city and find 
out the truth for yourself. Many men are beginning 
to fall back on the Japanese for even the regular 
ranch work. Why? Because with few exceptions 
a rancher these days must go to saloons when he 
wants men, and the class of work following is in ac- 
cord with the type of men he finds in the saloons. 
This is also true of the threshing outfits. To run a 

threshing machine requires a crew of from twenLy 
to fifty men. Now when two or three men quit 
work, unless there are men to fill their places it 
means that the machine stops, but that the running 
expenses go on just the same. On all machine crews 
there is a man called the "roustabout,'' who per- 
forms the errands required in the running of the 
business. I know that in Ventura County, at least, 
the "roustabout" devotes a great deal of his time to 
taking old men' to Oxnard and bringing back new 
ones. They work a few days, get "good grub" for . 
a while and a little money, then go back, to live 
around the saloons for a few days more. The un- 
necessary expense and' trials, because of this state of 
affairs, are so great that many threshing machine 
men have threatened to run none but Japanese 
crews. If the "hundreds of unemployed white men," 
provided they are good ones, would put in an ap- 
pearance, it would be extremely gratifying to the 
poor ranchers of Southern California. Good white 
ranch help does not work by the day very long in 
this country. There are too many openings in the 
way of small investments for the right sort of man, 
who saves his wages. 

In Fresno County one year the people tried im- 
porting Poles, Russians and Armenians to do their 
work. (That was before the day of the Japanese). 
This plan worked beautifully that year, but the next- 
year each imported family had a home of its own 
and the trouble was all to recur again. 

Chinese labor of course is out of the question, so 
now, other than the Japanese, we have nothing left 
from which to draw our source of supplies but the 
Mexican laborer or "Choloes." In some respe,cts 
these people are good workmen, if a boss is con- 
stantly over them, but as a people they are about 
the lowest, if not the lowest, type in the United 
States. First of all, they are filthy. Then but ex- 
tremely few of them ever attain the degree of good- 
ness in which they will not steal, shirk duties, go in 
debt and drink. They are a noisy, happy-go-lucky 
crowd when sober, but when drunk they are, demons 
among themselves. We have had two or three 
nerve-racking experiences on our ranch, and many 
a woman in the valley besides myself has nearly suf- 
fered a nervous collapse from simple fear of these 
people, even though they have never been known to 
injure a single white person. And, too, the rancher 
is always sure to lose two or three days in the rush 
of the season, or else look up another crew after 
each pay day, because of drunkenness. 

I have already said some things in favor of the 
Japanese but will say more. They are, contrary to 
some printed statements, above all things else a 
cleanly people. In every Japanese camp there is 
one of their quaint bath tanks, with a furnace un- 
derneath, in which most of them take daily ablu- 
tions. Their manners and courteousness, excepting 
in few instances, are unexcelled. I think no mother 

The Pacific Outlook 

i i 

need fear for the contamination of her child's man- 
ners Ill-cause of the attendance of Japan. 
boys at "itr public schools. Their attention to ever) 
small courtesy of life, would put to shame tl 
fourths of tin- inhabitants of <mr beloved country, 
peasants though they be. They arc a sen- 
sitive people. The love of the beautiful in both 
natural and material things i> innate. Our beauti- 
ful mountains, hills and dowers arc a never ending 
source of jo\ to them, and they like plants ,. .;,! 
flowers around them in the kitchen and their rooms. 
They arc an honest people. ( >nce in a while we 
find a hoy in the field trying to shirk, hut he eithci 
improves or quite the job. The rest will not stand 
for it. 

They are a generous people. Many complain 
that they send their money back home. While this 
is true to a certain extent, they are liberal, even 
lavish with their money, in trying to adopt our 
ways and dress. 

They are a temperate people and though many of 
them learn to like American beer and whiskey, I 
have never seen one of them intoxicated, which is a 
great deal more than can be said of our ranch hands. 

They are a loyal people, and it seems to me that 
a people who are loyal to country and ruler from 
love of loyalty would, with chance, make at least 
as loyal citizens of the United States as those for- 
eigners brought in at our Eastern doors, who have 
been loyal at home, if at all, from sheer necessity. 

Hut above every thing else, they are a peaceable, 
people. I do not think they would submit to such 
treatment from the hands of the American boy as 
did the Chinaman — such things as the abuse hurled 
at him on the street in public places, or in his house, 
the robbing of vegetable wagon and garden, and the 
supposed joke of having his pigtail tied to the seat 
of a car as he got off, so that" he was dragged 1 along 
by the car. The Japanese. I say. would not sub- 
mit to such treatment, but they desire peaceful re- 
lations with all their neighbors. They are quiet in 
their work, in their homes' and in their pastimes. 
And I have never seen a Japanese flag unfurled at 
a camp without the Stars and Stripes. One never 
sees a tramp among them ; they do not fill our city 
jails or state prisons, do not stir up riots or strikes, 
adopt extreme socialistic measures, become anarch- 
ists, fill our insane asylums or kill our Presidents. 

It seems to me that there is a much more serious 
problem confronting the nation because of the 
aaily influx of hundreds of immigrants through 
New York than because of the Japanese invasion of 
the West. The Western immigrant is on a par with 
the Eastern, mentally and morally, and we at least 
have plenty of God's beautiful country into which to 
turn them instead of dumping them into the "sweat 
shops" of our large Eastern cities, thereby engen- 
dering extreme socialistic tendencies. 

But the ereatest reason for the popularity of the 

Japanese as an employe lies in tin- fact that he per- 
forms his every task as though it wen- a plea 
io give satisfaction. We have never come i:i con 
tact with au\ other class of laboring people of which 

iiii> is true. The others seem to begrudge ■■ 

should be a "reasonable sen ice." 

Now. if one class of immigrant is to be restricted, 
restrict the other also. If there are no restrictions 
nil the one. do not place ihem on the other. 1 am 
.111 American and have the interests of my country 
at heart as much as any one in it. 1 am but a weak 
woman, but if my poor life were required for my 
country's cause I would give it gladly without a 
moment's wavering, so no one has a right to chal- 
lenge my patriotism when I thus plead for the cause 
of the Japanese immigrant. If I am wrong I wish 
to be shown it. . But before the Japanese are ex- 
cluded from the coast, if it is to be done, for the 
sake of the future of California, pray let some one 
discover a method for supplying the future demand 
for manual labor. 

* ¥ * 

And Polly TalKed 

Among the San Francisco refugees who came 
south last April after the earthquake was a parrot 
with ruffled plumage and bedraggled tail. Polly 
bad been noted for her garrulity, but rn the journey 
from the burned city she did not utter a word. She 
had had a narrow escape, as her cage had been 
crushed beneath a falling bookcase and she had been 
rescued many hours after the early morning disas- 
ter. She was almost the only possession remaining 
to her owner, and after she was established in Los 
Angeles it was supposed she would do her best to 
cheer up the refugee. Month after month passed, 
however, and Polly continued to sit all day silent 
and dejected. Her appetite was so capricious that 
she declined everything except coffee and crackers. 

The other day a physician who happened to see 
the bird declared that he thought she had nervous 
prostration. Going near to her cage he looked at 
her, exercising due caution not to stand within 
range of her beak. With a pencil he lifted her head 
and tried to look into her eyes. Polly resented the 
indignity. With a vicious snap of her beak she 
turned on her perch, ruffled her feathers and spoke 
for the first time in months. She said : 

"Skidootwentythreeletmealonedamdamdam !" 

The spell was broken and the refugee parrot has 
been talking with her old verbosity. 

* * * 

The Tenner of Her Faint 

Johnnie — Papa, papa, come quick! Mama has 
fainted. Papa — Here put this ten-dollar bill in her 
hand. Johnnie (a moment later) — She says she 
wants ten more. — Fliegende Blaetter. 

i+ The Pacific Outlook 


Marie Corelli ThinKs Brute Man Should be Taught His Inferiority in tHe 
Nursery and trie Schoolroom, Not at the Polling-Booth 

Marie Corelli, in discussing "Man's War Against 
Woman" in the Rapid Review, enlarges on man s 
dependence upon woman in this fashion : 

"Let those who will laugh at or sneer down the 
statement : the fact remains that a man is seldom 
anything more than a woman's representative. No , 
man, in either business or pleasure, can ever quite 
shake off the influence of the woman with whom he 
is most privately and intimately connected. Good 
or bad, she colors his life. It is always a case of 
"cherchez la femme." Seek, and you will find. Be- 
hind a slovenly workman there is generally a slut- 
tish wife. Behind the obstinate and stupid man, 
behind the timorous and time-serving man, behind 
the hasty politician who insults his prime minister, 
will be found, in their several turns, the common- 
place woman, the hypocritical woman, and the dis- 
appointed, egotistical, vain woman. 

"Man is what woman makes him. She bears him 
and rears him. She is his sovereign and supreme 
mler. From the first breath he draws, she, and she 
alone, possesses him. When he is born he at once 
displays that fractious and fickle disposition which 
is so often significant of his future development — 
and woman has to carry him up and down in her 
arms, talking nonsense to him, or, as it is called, 
'baby language.' She knows she has to begin that 
way, because he would not understand sense." 

Men, she declares, laugh at women's attempted 
intellectualism. When they find a clever writer, 
artist or novelist of the opposite sex, they classify 
her as "abnormal" or "unsexed" and say she is "too 
old or too ugly to do anything else but attempt to 
secure a little doubtful notoriety by engaging in 
work not fitted for her capacities." Nevertheless 
she does not blame men wholly for this low estimate 
of women. "Who is to blame for this erroneous 
impression so widely prevalent among men?" she 
asks. "Why, the women themselves, of course. 
Not only because they show the most cruel and 
acrimonious spite and jealousy when one of their 
sex becomes distinguished in art or letters, but be- 
cause they are the first to start unkind reports about 
her and agaisst her — against her looks, her dress, 
her manner, and even her reputation. There is no 
length to which women's tongues will not run when 
'downing' other women more brilliant than them- 
selves. They allow men to see this paltry display 
of their inferior character every day, and naturally 
the men draw their own conclusions. The young- 
est schoolboy is too often compelled to notice and 
inwardly comment upon his mother's love of tea- 

table scandal, or his sister's bilious envy of some 
other prettier girl. 

"If such are the early impressions made by the 
conduct of his own women relatives on a youth's 
mind, he will, most unquestionably, when he grows 
to manhood, retain the one 'fixed idea' of woman's 
generally inherent foolishness, while the talk of 
'women's interests' will only move him to a skepti- 
cal smile." 

This vinegary critic concludes by giving to wom- 
ankind some advice as to how to triumph in what 
she regards as a war between the sexes. "Taking 
a broad survey of the contest," she says, "it is evi- 
dent that man's war with woman will never end till 
she herself learns how to conquer him. She can do 
it so easily if she only will. It needs no violence — 
no wordy discussion. Part of his battle against her 
today is an instinctive desire to protect her against 
herself — to try and prevent her from losing all that 
lovely reverence, tenderness, and delicacy which in 
long-ago old poetic days made him lift her to the 
altitude of an angel and guardian goddess of his life. 
.For in his heart he would like to be able to say of 
her as Pannuccio del Bagno of Pisa wrote of his 

T am all rapturous 
Since thus my will was set, 
To serve, thou flower of joy, thine excellence, 
Nor ever seems that anything could rouse 
A pain or regret, 
But on thee dwells my every thought and sense ; 
Considering that from thee all virtues spread, 

As from a fountain-head, 
That in thy gift is wisdom's best avail 
And honor without fail.' 
"In these lines may be found an epitome of the 
women's 'rights,' . which, if faithfully adhered to, 
should govern the world. It is better to be a Cleo- 
patra than a 'suffragette,' even if Antony must lose 
Actium. And if Woman would impress Man with 
an abiding sense of her moral and mental power, and 
with the purity of her intellectual influence upon the 
history of the time, she must begin to teach him in 
the nursery and school-room, not at the polling- 

* * * 

Her Other Lover 

"Where did you get that black eye," asked Tete 
de Veau. "Oh, only a lovers' quarrel," L'Oignon 
answered airily. "What? Did your girl give you 
that?" "No, it was her other lover."— New Orleans 

The Pacific Outlook 

Authority on Japenese Art 
[Catherine M. Ball, widely known as a col- 
lector of Japanese prints and a lecturer on Japanese 
art. has come to Southern California for a few 
weeks and will deliver a course of lectures in Pasa- 
dena ami Los Angeles. Miss Ball is a guest at the 
I [otel Raymond. 

Two years ago the Japan Society of America was 
founded by three San Francisco women. Mrs. Bow- 
man H. McCalla, wife of Rear Admiral McCalla, 
Mrs. Ralph C. Harrison, wife of Judge Harrison of 
the Appellate Court, and Miss Ball. Henry C. 
Bowie of San Mateo was chosen president. The 
first year of the society's existence was one of great 
success. Mr. Howie lectured on Japanese painting, 
Miss Ball on Japanese prints. Miss Helen Hitch- 
cock on Japanese stencils and Miss Mary Very on 
Japanese printed cottons. This year, owing to the 
San Francisco disaster, the society's work has been 
more or less interrupted and Miss Ball has come 
South for a rest before going East on a lecture tour. 

In view of the present interest in all that pertains 
to Japan. Miss Ball's announcement that, through 
the art of the Japanese, the world may understand 
the Mikado's people is enough to command more 
than passing attention. Since art in all countries is 
the outgrowth of life and since it permeates the 
whole social fabric of Japan, she holds that it is the 
key that unlocks many doors. After studying- with 
a view of becoming a painter she became interested 
in Japanese art and devoted herself to it for a num- 
ber of years before going to Japan, where she was 
received by artists and scholars who did all in their 
power to assist her in her research work and in mak- 
ing collections of prints. Returning to America 
Miss Ball found a welcome in many cities because 
she maintained that when she asked a hearing she 
was not making an additional and useless demand 
upon an already overcrowded life — she was merely 
bringing the key that unlocked art treasures. 

''Because art, the particular form of art employed 
by the Japanese in paintings and color prints, is the 
most complete embodiment of the universal prin- 
ciples of art that all artists are striving to express 
in their particular works, I am deeply absorbed in 
it," said Miss Ball when asked about her famous 
color prints. She is a handsome woman, tall and 
graceful. She speaks in a full, well-modulated voice 
and has great enthusiasm. 

"All art students and art workers eventually pro- 
gress into the appreciation of Japanese art," she ex- 
plained, "and while the aim is not to copy Japanese 
art, just as it is not the aim to copy nature imita- 
tively, they all find it most helpful to understand 
the basic principles of Oriental art. Japanese art 
has been one of the most potent factors in the occi- 
dental art of modern times. Whistler recognized 
its merits and was strongly influenced by it. Many 
of his works show the style of composition that can 

be traced lei the very print or painting which sug- 
gested his 

"( hir homes, from the Pacific i" the Atlantic, 
contain much of the work of the Orient, and we 
should have an understanding of it, for its own sake. 
\\ hile I talk on Japanese art, in reality I am teach- 
ing art in its broader sense. 1 am discussing art 
principles that apply to all the arts, that relate 
themselves to all interior furnishings — including 
rugs, hangings, textiles, bric-a-brac — principles that 
are not only valuable to the artist who puts his 
dreams on canvas but to the worker in (ceramics, art 
photography and other fields cf usefulness. 

"1 am really proud of my collection of prints. 

Miss Katherine M. Ball, Lecturer on Japanese Art 

There is little Japanese art to be seen in this coun- 
try, even in the big shops that deal in high class 
importations. In the public collections nothing is 
to be found, except in the Boston museum, and 
there are few private collectors in the country. I 
have succeeded in adding to my prints until I have 
a collection that is as large and as important as any 
ever brought to this country — indeed, it is said to be 
especially valuable because of its broad representa- 
tion. Besides the prints I have five hundred lan- 
tern slides selected from the fine old prints and 
paintings and colored by myself. I have been a seri- 

The Pacific Outlook 

ous student of color and have brought all my ability 
to bear upon the slides. I mention the slides be- 
cause they supplement the prints and because of the 
magnifying process they bring out all delicate 

Miss Ball gave three lectures this week at the 
Hotel Raymond and she spoke Thursday evening 
before the Southern California Women's Press Club. 

* * * 

"Mr. Toots" 

Inasmuch as the cat has had her day or, rather, 
hei three days in this city, it is of interest to know 
that the two rival clubs are unusually fortunate in 
being able to stimulate a healthy competition. 
There was a time when Mrs. Leland Norton, presi- 
dent of the Los Angeles' Cat Club, was the best 
known expert in Chicago, but later Mrs. Clinton 
Locke gained national fame for her kennels. Both 
were catlovers, who became interested in fine An- 
goras and Persians after raising a few as household 

Mrs. Norton first gained national fame when she 
became custodian of Mr. Toots, Miss Frances Wil- 
lard's famous white Angora. Mrs. Norton lived in 
a handsome house on Drexel boulevard, and, after 
Mr. Toots was admitted to her kennels, she received 
many visits from newspaper folk, who insisted upon 
writing Sunday "stories" about the dignified cat, 
which had long been associated with the famous 
temperance reformer at Evanston, Illinois, the Chi- 
cago suburb. Mr. Toots received "company" with 
a well-bred indifference. Usually he lay upon a 
silken sofa pillow, for he was beginning to be old 
and lazy before his beloved mistress died. He was 
cared for scientifically, the greatest precautions be- 
ing taken that he should have the proper diet and 
should be protected from drafts. When he caught 
cold a lace-edged handkerchief was provided for 

Mr. Toots had a tendency to colds, and, one winter 
when it was reported that he was dying, a reporter 
was detailed to write a "feature" story about his 
last hours. Mr. Toots was found to be convalescent, 
but that fact did not prevent the forecast of his 
funeral. It was set forth that he would be buried 
in beautiful Pussywoods, the cat cemetery, where 
in time a fitting monument would be erected to his 

The city editor praised the young reporter for 
what he called a "stickful of human interest," but 
he had reason to regret his appreciation of the first 
page, double leaded "feature". The day of its pub- 
lication in the morning edition the telephone rang 
every few moments and all sorts of voices belonging 
to bereaved cat owners inquired the location of 
Pussywoods. Letters poured into the newspaper 
office and enterprising dealers in tombstones sent in 
designs for cat monuments. Of course, there never 

was a Pussywoods, but an enterprising real estate 
man immediately offered a tract of land for a dog 
burying ground which he named Fidoland. Al- 
though Mr. Toots survived pneumonia he was in 
due time gathered to his Angora fathers and Mrs. 
Norton arranged a guneral in keeping with his dis- 
tinguished position ,as a cat celebrity. 
* * * 

Women's Press Club Entertained 

Mrs. D. C. McCan entertained the members of 
the Southern California Women's Press Club and 
their friends at a tea last Saturday afternoon. The 
beautiful house, No. 2205 West Adams street, was 
artistically decorated with flowers and greenery. In 
the big drawing room, which is a reproduction of a 
French salon, pale pink blossoms that harmonized 
with, the rich brocade with which the walls are hung 
were employed with charming effect. Here late 
in the afternoon the guests assembled to hear a 
short talk by the hostess, who described some of 
her experiences in India. Mrs. McCan told of a 
number of humorous incidents and showed many of 
the rare curios, metal work and embroideries picked 
up in India and Ceylon. 

Mandolin and guitar music was furnished by 
Spanish girls, who formed a picturesque group in 
the billiard room. Refreshments were served from 
a table spread with rare old silver and crystal. Vio- 
lets and jonquils were used for decoration, the colors 
reflecting in the polished mahogany which panels 
the room. Lights from an ancient chandelier, 
brought from the New Orleans home of Mr. McCan, 
shone through wonderful old glass globes and were 
reflected everywhere in the polished wood, while in 
the conservatory a wonderful illuminated fountain 
added to the charm of the hour given up to tea and 

Receiving with Mrs. McCan were the president of 
the club, Mrs. John W. Mitchell, the vice-president, 
and Mrs. Adams-Fisher, chairman of the pro- 
gramme committee. Miss Laura Gordon Smith and 
Mrs. W. Irving Way assisted in entertaining the 
guests. Miss Parry-Jones and Mrs. Edward Wil- 
kinson of Ypsilanti, Mich., poured tea. 

One of the honored guests of the afternoon was 
Mrs. Laura Chase Smith, the mother of Mrs. Mc- 
Can. .Mrs. Smith, who is a beautiful woman past 
seventy, has been a magazine writer all her life. 
Two years ago she wrote a biography of her grand- 
father. Philander Chase, the first bishop of Ohio and 
Illinois. Bishop Chase was also founder of Kenyon 
College, at which one of the early students was 
Salmon P. Chase, his nephew, afterward Chief Jus- 
tice of the United States Supreme Court. The bio- 
graphy was recognized as an important contribu- 
tion to history and has taken its place among the 
standard works. It is a brilliant piece of writing 
characteristic of the author, who retains all the wit 
and the charm that have made her a distinguished 
personality in the East. 

The Pacific Outlook 


Los Angeles Is the Home for All Sorts and Conditions of Faddists "Who Prey 

Upon Susceptible Men and "Women 


"It seems almost disloyal to admit that Los An- 
geles is the Mecca for all who desire to introduce 
strange cults, but 1 am sir.' there is not a known 
'ism' which lias been omitted from the list that is 
familiar to all Southern Californians, - ' said one of 
the younger members of the Friday Morning Club. 
She had just heard Elmer Harris lecture on Ibsen 
and she sighed: "It is too bad we can't have more 
really intellectual persons talking to us women. I 
wish we could share our privileges with the whole 
city. Then there would not be much chance for 
the teachers of absurd new theories." 

"What is the latest phase of higher thought in 
Los Angeles?" I asked. As. an up-to-date grand- 
mother I approved of Mr. Harris's views on life and 
1 was still pondering over the difference between 
spiritual and platonic love when my neighbor in 
the Washington street car disturbed my reflections. 
In my youth it was not considered proper to analyze 
love and I had been glad to hear a young man 
warn us so that we would not be likely to make any 
mistakes. With difficulty I- concentrated my atten- 
tion while she answered : 

"Have you heard that one's name may be the 
cause of ruining all one's prospect in life?" 

"If a woman chooses the wrong husband I pre- 
sume a name does have some effect upon her des- 
tiny," I remarked. 

"You have not taken the right idea," explained 
the club member. "There is a woman here who be- 
lieves that the choice of a name will bring one 
health and fortune. If you are ill or if there is some 
bad luck pursuing you, she asks your birthday, con- 
suits the planets and chooses a name for you. The 
results are supposed to be instantaneous." 

"Does she charge anything for her extraordinary 
service?" I inquired. I have never thought much 
of my own name. Jane, and it occurred to me I 
might be interested in finding out what I might have 
been if a maiden aunt had not been consulted early 
in my conscious existence. 

"The fee is $25, I believe, but of course that is 
small if by becoming Irene when you have been 
Maria, you may checkmate fate." 
I agreed with this conclusion. 
"Your health and even your looks can be im- 
proved, if you accept the latest theory," the club 
member continued with a scoffing smile. 

"Ah, if you are rheumatic as Mary, you may be 
supple and free from pain as Geraldine: if you have 
freckles as Anna, you may acquire a perfect com- 
plexion as Lenorc." 

"I do not wish to do an injustice to any thinker, 
but the idea is that a name may have associated 
with it memories and thoughts, which make it un- 
desirable. Thus Benedict Arnold would blight a 
career while George Washington might assure sus- 
ccss." was the explanation. 

"If there were anything in that theory, we would 
have sn many truthful persons in the United States 
that there would hardly be enough left to conduct 
politics and newspapers and millinery shops," I de- 
clared with conviction. 

"This name fad is only one of many," my com- 
panion said as she permitted herself to be squeezed 
by the street car crowd until she had barely breath 
enough for conversation. "The other day a serious 
looking man presented himself at my home with a 
letter of introduction from a member of the Ebell 
Club. I had a dressmaker and could not spare a 
moment, but he was insistent and wrote on a sec- 
ond card, which be sent in to me, that he had busi- 
ness of importance to discuss. I went down stairs 
and the man greeted me with exaggerated courtesy. 
'I have been sent to you by one of your friends who 
wants you to have the advantage of my knowledge 
acquired by years of study,' he said. I listened with- 
out comment and he went on, 'It is my business to 
point out people's faults according to a scientific 
system I have formulated. Now you dress your 
hair unbecomingly and you have a bad habit of 
wrinkling your forel n ead. If you would correct these 
little faults, you would soon become popular with 
men.' I am supposed to have a talent for friend- 
ship with my husband's acquaintances and naturally 
I was indignant, so I merely exclaimed, 'How dare 
you say such impertinent things !' 'It is my busi- 
ness to make women suffer that they may be beau- 
tiful.' he announced and then he proceeded to tell mc 
that the external blemishes were as nothing com- 
pared with the faults of character he discerned, yet 
in twelve lessons he would guarantee to make me a 
charming person. I turned on my heel and went to 
the drawing rc'om door, where I stopped to sav, 
'Your intrusion is absolutely inexcusable.' After- 
ward I heard that he obtained a few pupils." 

"That reminds me that when I was in Santa Bar- 
bara I heard of some one who is preaching the 
simple life," I said. "I did not take much interest : i 
it because personally I trunk the simple life about 
the most complex experiment imaginable. I believe 
the Santa Barbara man has his followers eat prunes 
and try to be near to nature on a fruit diet. The fact 
that at three o'clock every afternoon it is the custom 

The Pacific Outlook 

to 'hold the love thought' caught my notice. I won- 
der whether it is the platonic love thought or Mr. 
Harris's spiritual love thought and how long is one 
supposed to hold it? 

"There is also the cult which finds for each man 
and each woman a special hour of concentration. 
This cult flourishes in Los Angeles and is quite dif- 
ferent from that which recommends the hour-of-love 
thought. A seer discovers the hour in which the 
best mental activity can be maintained. This also 
has something to do with the stars. For instance, 
many poets are mediocre instead of great simply 
because they write at the wrong time. When a man 
knows his hour cf concentration, he makes his busi- 
ness deals at that time and he lays out all his im- 
portant plans of life." 

"Isn't that likely to be inconvenient sometimes?'' 
the club member inquired. "Suppose the hour of 
concentration happens to be two o'clock in the 

"Oh, I suppose that would be all right if one were 
a writer," I assented, "but I can see how a mer- 
chant or a banker might find it rather impossible to 
make profitable use of his special hour. I know of 
a composer whose inspiration comes on about mid- 
night and he keeps the neighbors awake pla)dng 
weird sounds on the piano, but he hasn't any scien- 
tific knowledge on hour significance. 

"There is also a group of persons who read char- 
acter by the voice." Here I spoke in a low tone as 
if I feared some one belonging to it might be in the 
street car. "The color of your voice tells your whole 
past and future. It is wonderful what secrets tones 
can tell. But the cult that attracts me at present, 
is that which teaches women to think away their 
too, too solid flesh. When she knows how, it is said 
that the stoutest woman can make herself as sylph- 
like as a young girl. You can also think the 
wrinkles out of your face. I have wanted to investi- 
gate that, but I have not had time." 

"If we kept up with all the latest ideas we should 
have busy days," the club member remarked 
thoughtfully. "I wonder what we would be like 
if we tried the whole regime." 

"Like fools," I announced with conviction and 
then I knew that I had betrayed my tendency to be 
reactionary, and, therefore, behind the times. For- 
tunately we had reached Second street and I went 
to the public library to see whether I could consult 
Mr. Lummis's books on architecture. We are try- 
ing to build a screen porch that will look well and be 
comfortable as a dining room and as we don't want 
our neighbors to know what we have for luncheon 
or breakfast, we are puzzled about a plan that will 

insure privacy. 

* * * 
I nexperienced 

"There are lots of men able to govern women." 
"Ye-, and they're all bachelors." — Houston Post. 

Noble Worh of the Y. W. C. A. 

Most residents of Los Angeles are aware of the 
existence of a department in the Young Women's 
Christian Association devoted to the needs of 
friendless strangers, but few know just how far- 
reaching and efficient that work is. Just now, when 
wide interest is manifested in the "quick campaign" 
of the association to raise $150,000 this month to 
build its new home, the three young deaconesses 
who compose the Travelers' Aid are attracting their 
share of public approval for good deeds done. 

Every friendless stranger, man woman, or child, 
who arrives at one of the railway stations is met by 
one of these black-garbed deaconesses, who immedi- 
ately sets about securing the relief the case de- 
mands. If the distressed one is ill, he is taken to 
the rest room on East Fourth street, where he is 
ministered to until permanent relief can be obtained. 
Perhaps it is a young girl who has come to the city 
to make her way alone. Ignorant and innocent she 
may be and to her the bright badge of the deaconess 
is a guiding star. A large number of persons come 
to this citv without the addresses of their friends. 

The Three Deaconesses 

When they are also without money they are fit ob- 
jects of the kindness that is sure to be extended. 

For the benefit of young girls traveling alone, 
however, the Travelers' Aid is chiefly maintained, 
and it was with this thought of such sisterly ad- 
ministration that the Adelphian club, composed of 
Y. W. C. A. girls, set aside funds to maintain a rest 
room near the Southern Pacific station, where wom- 
en and girls could be taken and cared for. 

The Travelers' Aid has passed beyond the experi- 
mental stage, it having been established seven years. 
Those who serve in this department of the Y. W. C. 
A. are ordained deaconesses of the Methodist 
church. They must live at the deaconess home on 
Hewitt street and wear the sober black and white 
garb of the order. While they take no lasting vows 
of worldly renunciation thev live a completely con- 
secrated existence. One of the rules of the order 
prohibits them from asking for money contributions 
for any purpose whatever and this is a matter of 
considerable regret to the three young women who 
now constitute the Travelers' Aid — the Misses 
Elizabeth Loueheed. Edna R. Berger and Jessie 
Pratt, because it precludes the ioy of helping in the 
work of srathering funds to build the new headquar- 
ters. But they can talk about it and each one is do- 
ing her best to aid the project in this way. 

The Pacific Outlook 


What Local Artists Are Doing 
Hundreds of visitors make the rounds of the Art 
exhibitions in Los Angeles and yet it is doubtful 
whether the general public is aware that painters 
of extraordinary talents arc displaying pictures 
which will be counted gems, by and by, when the 
artists have come into their own. Rob Wagner's 
exhibition closed last week — before Pasadena and 
indeed greater Los Angeles had awakened to the 
fact that a man who will he counted eminent in a 
lew years was showing portraits which revealed 
genius. Most of these portraits will be returned to 
the owners and it is to he regretted that they cannot 
be seen by all who appreciate what is best in con- 
temporary art. 

It is evident that the Painters' Club does much 
hard work for each month's hanging of pictures 
proves that something worth while has been pro- 
duced. The gallery at No. 313 South Broadway 
contains much that is attractive just now. Twenty- 

land-capes. "The First Snow" is a small picture. 

The artist has looked up at the green hills and 

painted them with a snow capped peak overlooking 

them. It is a delightful little glimpse of the South 
cm California world. More ambitious is "Evening 
Glow," which reveals behind a kill with a bungalow 

perched on its highest point the sky and clouds suf- 
fused in crimson. Subject and treatment are novel 
and the result is effective. "Late Afternoon" is an- 
other typical example of Mr. Puthuff's characteris- 
tic landscape studies. 

Charles Percy Austin contributes a pastel, "Beach 
at Twilight." which is marked by true feeling. It 
is the sort of a picture the discriminating visitor will 
want to possess. "Los Fueles" is a sketch done 
with dash and spirit. The figures are reminiscent 
of the Latin Quarter and they are well drawn. 

Frank Liddell shows two of his carefully finished 
landscapes. Both are attractive, for the artist has 
chosen subjects that he represents with an interest 
that gives special value to them. "At San Dimas" 
and "San Antonia Canyon" are painted with a fine 
feeling for color values. 





"Im the Harbor' 

nine pictures are on exhibition and the average of 
merit is better than it was last month. 

Antony Anderson, win does much to encourage all 
the oilier artists, is a modest man and seldom shows 
his own work. The club has made him prove tbat 
he has not forsaken the brushes, even though he is 
much occupied with his pen. and two charming little 
pictures represent him in the February exhibition. 
One of these is "In the Sunlight," a study of a 
young girl who sits out of doors where the light 
brings out the golden hue of her hair and the clear 
tints of her face. This is admirably painted. It has 
breadth and delicacy. The other picture, "Sand 
Dunes," is handled with simplicity. The composi- 
tion is original and successful. 

Hanson Puthuff is represented by several strong 

by Jan Von Goven 

Carl Oscar Borg has one picture, the "Graveyard 
of ( )ld Ships," in the gallery. This is characteristic 
and interesting. David Dunn contributes "The 
Wash Near San Gabriel," a picture that has in it 
the spirit of California. It shows individuality. 

"Near Ocean Park" again calls attention to a new 
painter who gives promise of attainment tbat will 
not be commonplace. This and "The Eucalypt" by- 
Harry Lewis Bailey show strength and origina'ii 
Hobart Bosworth's "Quatros Picos from Tempe" is 
one of the good things in this exhibition. William 
Swift Daniell shows two good water colors, "Long 
Beach" and "Lagmri" and Val Costello is repre- 
sented by "The Oak." a suggestive landscape. 
Aaron E. Kilpatrick's "Between Showers" is one of 
the pictures that will attract attention. Taken alto- 

The Pacific O u t lo o k 

gether, the Painters' Club gives promise of much 
that will be counted worth while. 

The American Fine Arts association offers many 
attractions for visitors and the big gallery on the 
fourth floor of the Blanchard Building has become 
the meeting place for artists, art students and con- 
noisseurs. For the recent Ruskin Art Club recep- 
tion R. A. Bernstein hung his choicest treasures in 
the line of old pictures. Among these was a Jan 
Van Goyen, "In the Harbor," which is said to be a 
good example of the Dutch painter's work. Van 
Goyen, who lived in the seventeenth century, was 
the apostle of delicacy and simplicity in art. He has 
a fondness for grays and greens and achieves won- 
ders with his cleverly handled tones of cool color. 

The portrait of the Duchesse de Burgogne by 
Pierre Mignard attracted much attention for it is an 
intensely human, much alive piece of work. An- 
other oldtime portrait, Admiral Yorke, painted by 
G. H. Harlow, was admired. One of the best of all 
seen by the club is the portrait of George IV by Sir 
William Beechey. 

A tavern scene by David Teniers fascinated in- 
terested groups, i Its golden tones of color, its 
clever composition and its faithful reflection of hu- 
man nature combine to make it one of the pictures 
to be studied often. Among the pictures by mod- 
ern painters the portrait of Joseph Jefferson in the 
character of Rip Van Winkle is noteworthy, for 
it is a splendid study from life by Marion Swinton, 
who was long one of Mr. Jefferson's friends. It was 
painted not long before the famous actor's death. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wachtel are preparing for Chicago 
exhibitions next month. Mr. Wachtel's pictures 
will be sent to Thurber's and Mrs. Wachtel's to 
Andsrson's. Mrs. Wendt will go to Chicago to re- 
main for several weeks and while she is away Mr. 
Wachtel will sketch in Arizona with Hobart Bos- 
worth, who expects to bring a number of new land- 
scapes with him when he comes to Los Angeles 
next May. 

Benjamin Brown's studio in Pasadena contains 
pictures that place the artist in the first rank of 
landscape painters. He has done better work with- 
in the last year than ever before and that means 

Leonard Lester is busy in his Sichel street studio. 
It has been promised that his latest pictures would 
be hung for exhibition in one of the downtown 
galleries, but nothing definite has been announced. 
Mr. Lester is one of the big men of the Southern 
California artist colony. He has technique, feeling 
and splendid intelligence. 

William Wendt is showing for the second week 
a score or more of landscapes before the pictures 
are sent to Chicago where O'Brien will exhibit 
'.hem. These landscapes are vigorous studies of 

nature in many moods. Mr. Wendt's canvases are 
brilliant with the luminous blues of the sky and the 
tender greens of the earth. Truth and beauty are lo 
be found in all that he does. His latest work has 
special interest because he has come to Southern 
California as one who seeks the place that gives the 
highest inspiration. He has hung his pictures in 
the studio in his home, No. 2814 Sichel street. Mrs. 
Wendt, who is a sculptor, has not been idle since 
she came to the coast and her work will comrnand 
special attention. Because it is hardly fair lo men- 
tion it briefly it will be the subject of extended no- 
tice in a later issue of the Pacific Outlook. 

John Donovan, who has come to Los Angeles 
from Santa Barbara, is another man of distinction 
and talent. His marines will be exhibited later in 
the season. The list of artists whose work is worthy 
of place in permanent collections or in the homes 
of art lovers might be extended by the addition of 
many names. Then there are Granville Redmond 
and Frank Sauerwen — but why count the artists? 
It should be enough to remember that they are 
bringing new fame to the state and that it is worth 
while to buy their pictures now — before they are 
quite out of reach of the ordinary purchaser. 

The Price-Harland Exhibit 
Miss Lida Price and Miss Mary Harland will ex- 
hibit their pictures in Steckel's gallery from Febru- 




Instruction in drawing and painting from life. Classes from 9 to 12 a. 
m. daily, and from 7:30 to 10 on Monday, Wednesday and Friday Evenings 

Hanson Puthuff and Antony E. Anderson 
... DIRECTORS ... 

407 Blanchard Hall 

Send for free circular 

The Pacific Outlook 

ary 18 to March 2. There will be a private view 
.Sunday afternoon from two to fmir. Oil paintings, 
water colors and miniatures will be shown. There 
will be a number of sketches in chalk, oils and 
W at> Both these artists have exhibited in 

the i'aris salon and the Royal Academ) of London. 
Their work is of much interesl and should attract 
attention in I .os Angeles. 

Charles Rollo Peters Coming 
Charles Rollo Peters will exhibit a number of 
his piciun-s in the Gould gallery beginning next 

Monday. Mr. Peters, who has made fame for him- 
self by bis California landscapes, will come to Los 
Angeles For a fortnight. As everybody knows he is 
a native son. lie first attracted attention by his 
studies of moonlight effects on the old missions. 
His painting, the "Legend of Brittany," which won 
an honorable mention in the Munich exhibition of 
[889, was one of the prized possessions of the 
Bohemian Club. San Francisco. His other best 
known pictures are "Camp by the Cross," "The Ore- 
gon," "The San Juan Mission," "The River" and 
"After the Gringo Came." 

Portrait of Bishop Johnson 
A portrait of Bishop Johnson by Mrs. Melville, 
hung in the Gould gallery this week, has caused 
much comment. It shows splendid drawing and 
Strong modeling-. The painting of textures is ex- 
traordinarily good. As a careful likeness, most per- 
son-, will find it wonderfully true, but it represents 
merely wdiat the casual acquaintance might see in 
the much-loved clergyman. The portrait appears 
to lack most in spirituality. Bishop Johnson is seen 
sitting in his vestments. He leans forward with an 
expression of kindliness and interest upon his face. 
File artist has done her work from the point of 
view of the realist. She has succeeded in putting 
vitality, individuality and a certain strength int.' 
her work-. If there is a slight hardness and lack of 
atmosphere, these faults are overbalanced by num- 
erous good cptalities that must win praise. Mrs. 
Melville has left nothing to the imagination. The 
portrait presents merely one phase of character 
without suggesting others, but it is understood that 
Bishop Johnson finds the picture altogether to his 
liking and therefore the critic may be merely a 
captious faultfinder. 


333 SO. MAIN ST. 





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The Pacific Outlook 

In Honor of Harley Hamilton 

Nothing more memorable than the concert given 
by the Woman's Orchestra of Los Angeles in honor 
of Harley Hamilton, the director, has taken place 
this season. Simpson Auditorium was crowded 
from stage to gallery last Monday evening and there 
was not one seat that had not been purchased. 

Never was there an audience more responsive or 
more appreciative. Mr. Hamilton has trained the 
Woman's Orchestra season after season with an 
enthusiasm that has brought about splendid results, 
as the programme showed. The sixty members did 
beautiful work and surely there was never a more 
attractive group of musicians than the one that re- 
sponded to the baton of Mr. Hamilton. 

Both orchestra and director were received with 
continued applause. After the second number had 
been played there was an insistent demand for a 
speech from Mr. Hamilton, who spoke a few words 
of thanks in which he paid tribute to the faithful 
work of the president, Miss Cora Foy. Then Mrs. 
Robert J. Burdette presented a beautiful loving cup 
to Miss Foy in a brief speech. 

Two violin solos were given by Miss Otie Chew, 
the talented young artiste, who won new laurels 
by her exquisite interpretations. Madame Menasco, 
one of the most distinguished 'cellists in the West, 
contributed two solos, and Harry Clifford Lott, the 
baritone, was heard in two songs. In attack, in 
technical facility and in artistic interpretation the 
orchestra proved that it could be compared with 
any similar organization on the coast. The pro- 
gramme offered on this red-letter occasion would 
have been a fair test for the symphony orchestra and 
it was well played. The regret is that the Woman's 
Orchestra appears in public so seldom. 

The receipts for the concert were about $1,200 
and the hope of the members of the orchestra that 
the director might receive $1,000 as a token of their 
gratitude was fully realized. 

Corinne at the Mason 

"Forty Five Minutes From Broadway" this week 
at the Mason Opera House furnished many a hearty 
laugh. It is not a drama of such unusual originality 
and brilliancy as to be memorable, but if the pur- 
pose of comedy is to amuse, then it fulfills its mis- 
sion. Corinne, perennially winning, has the prin- 

cipal role, that of Mary Jane Jenkins, the house- 
maid of a New Rochelle millionaire. She is always 
clever and she really makes the success of the play. 
Scott W r elch as the Bowery boy is one of the best 
characters introduced. 

Scotch Play at the Belasco 

"Beside the Bonnie Brier Bush" at the Belasco 
this week is a play that will appeal to the discrim- 
inating public. It is beautifully staged and charm- 
ingly acted. George Barnum as Lachlan Campbell, 
the conscientious member of Drumtochty Free Kirk, 
adds another exquisite portrait to the many he has 
presented to Los Angeles theatergoers. In this role 
he reveals a remarkable power where pathos is de- 
manded. With a rare art he develops the character 
from the first act to the last, leaving nothing to be 
desired. Miss Albertson each week adds to the as- 
surance that she always will prove reliable, always 
artistic. The character of Lord Donald Hay affords 
Lewis Stone little chance to distinguish himself. 

Two Berties at the Burbank 

At the Burbank this week Harry Mestayer and 
Henry Stockridge divided honors in "The Henri- 
etta," alternating in the role of "Bertie, the lamb." 
The experiment of contrasting the two favorite 
young actors proved to be a success. Each charac- 
terization had something individual in it and neither 
was an imitation of the original interpretation. 
Miss Van Buren as Mrs. Opdyke does a clever piece 
of work and as usual displays gorgeous gowns. 

Light Opera Next Summer 

Following the engagement of the Ferris Stock 
Company at the Auditorium a summer season of 
light opera is promised under the direction of Tom 
Karl. It is likely that several of the famous mem- 
bers of the company with which Mr. Karl was for 
many years identified as leading tenor may be 
brought to Los Angeles. It is even possible that 
the pleasant memories of the Bostonians may be re- 
vived, for it is understood that Mr. Barnabee, the 
comedian, and Mr. Frothingham, the baritone, re- 
membered in "Robinhood" and the other operas 
familiar to theatergoers of the eighties and nineties, 
may be engaged. The plan is to give the first opera 
April 27. 

Miss Chew to Tour British Columbia 
Miss Otie Chew, the talented English violinist, 
and Peje Storck, the eminent pianist, gave a con- 

The Pacific Outlook 


ceri in San Diego Tuesdaj evening before an au- 
dience that crowded the theater, every seat having 
been sold. Miss Chew will leave Los Angeles next 
Monday for her tour through British Columbia. She 
will be accompanied by Herr Becker, who will make 
a lour weeks' trip as pianist. Herr Becker, who has 

main engagements in Los Angeles, will enjoy the 
northern tour as a well-earned vacation. He will 
be heard in solos in addition to the numbers which 
he plays with Miss (.'how. and there is no doubt that 
he will win quick recognition as an interpreter of 
unusual sifts. 

Rosenthal Next Month 
Moriz Rosenthal, the famous pianist, will play at 
Simpson Auditorium Monday evening-, March 4, 
under the management of L. E. Behymer. Rosen- 
thal is now considered the greatest technician on the 
concert stage. His playing has been said to be a 
"union of heart, head and hand," and since his re- 
turn to the United States this season he has re- 
ceived most enthusiastic praise. In a recent inter- 
view he declared that he liked American audiences 
because of their appreciation and responsiveness, 
and this season has given him abundant reason to 
retain this opinion. He will present in Los Angeles 
a remarkable programme. 

"She Stoops to Conquer" 

William Crane and Ellis Jeffreys will be seen at 
the Mason Opera House next Monday, Tuesday 
and Wednesday evenings and at the Wednesday 
matinee as joint stars in a revival of "She Stoops 
to Conquer." Mr. Crane returns to the role of 
Hardcastle, in which he made a great success 
twenty-three years ago, and Miss Jeffreys appears 
in the part of Kate Hardcastle, in which she won 
such recognition while leading woman at the Hay- 
market Theatre in London with Cyril Maude. Their 
company includes George Giddens, widely known 
as one of the best Tony Lumpkins of the stage, 
Walter Vale. Fred Thome, Fanny Addison Pitt and 
Margaret Dale. 

Two Shakespearean Plays 

Charles B. Hanford will appear in two Shake- 
spearean roles at the Mason Opera House the latter 
part of next week. He will have the part of Marc 
Antony in "Julius Caesar" Thursday and Saturday 
evenings and at the Saturday matinee. "Cymbe- 
line" will be presented Friday evening. An elabor- 
ate production of both dramas io promised. 

Amusement Notes 

Lcroy Painter, the young violinist, will give a 
recital Wednesday evening, February 27, at Gamut 
Club auditorium. He will be assisted by Abraham 
Miller, the tenor singer. Mrs. Loud will be at the 

Miss Rey Del Valle, a lyric soprano, is preparing 
a programme of songs for a recital in Gamut Club 
auditorium. Thursday evening, March 7. Miss Del 
Valle is a San Francisco singer who has been living 
in Los Angeles since the earthquake. 

R. R. Baumgardt will be the fifth attraction in the 
University Course. He will deliver a lecture, Tues- 
day evening. February 2j, on "Vienna and Buda- 
pest." which will be illustrated with 200 lantern 


3 Nights and Wednesday Matinee 
Beginning Monday, Feb. 18 

Wm. H. Crane and Miss Ellis Jeffreys 

with an International Star Cast, in a Sumptuous Production 
of Goldsmith's Comedy 

She Stoops to Conquer 

Seats now Selling. Prices: 50c. 75c, $1.00 and $1.50 and $2 


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Thursday, Friday and Saturday, Feb. 21, 22, 23 

Matinee Saturday 


Accompanied by MISS MARIE DROFNAH 
Thurs. and Sat. Nights, Sat. Matinee Friday Night Only 

Julius Caesar :: Cymbeline 

Scats Now Selling— 25c. 50c. 75c,$1.00 and $1.50 

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The Pacific Outlook 


End of the Season 

The gayest midwinter social season in the history 
of Los Angeles ended Tuesday evening with a bril- 
liant Mardi Gras ball, which closed the delightful 
series of Assembly dances. Kramer's was never 
so elaborately decorated as for this red letter night. 
Electric lights covered with double masks were 
strung from the dome, from which streamers of red, 
yellow and green were carried. Masks were em- 
ployed cleverly in all the decorations. Clowns' 
faces grinned from the walls and toy balloons of 
many colors were attached to them. The toy bal- 
loons swayed here and there wherever they could be 
anchored effectively. Garlands of flowers and 
tape'stry draperies ornamented the balcony where, 
tropical plants formed pleasant nooks. The supper 
room was transformed into a garden. White 
columns were used for a pergola, while smilax and 
palms were employed in great profusion. The small 
supper tables were decorated with violets and jon- 

With the gorgeous ballroom as the background 
for the players in many roles, the beautiful costumes 
were brought out charmingly. Never in Southern 
California was there a richer grouping of colors or 
a more remarkable assembling of beautiful women. 
With the latitude that a fancy dress ball gives, 
every debutante and every matron was free to 
choose whatever was most becoming and surely 
the result was bewitching. The costumes were 
picturesque and handsome. They showed origin- 
ality, and, what was even better, superb taste. 

The following acted as hostesses of the evening: 
Mrs. Randolph Miner, Mrs. Hancock Banning, Mis. 
Granville MacGowan, Mrs. Walter Jarvis Barlow, 
Mrs. William May Garland, Mrs. James C. Drake 
and Mary Longstreet. They formed a group long 
to be remembered. Mrs. Miner appeared as the 
Duchess of Devonshire. She wore an empire gown 
of pale pink satin. Her hair was powdered and sur- 
mounted by a Gainsborough hat. Mrs. Barlow ap-' 
peared as a Spanish dancer. Her skirt was of pink 
and her yellow shawl was embroidered with roses. 
Mrs. William May Garland was a Russian lady. 
Among those who wore striking costumes were : 
Miss Sue Carpenter, a charming Carmencita; Miss 
Lucile Chandler, a little pierette: Miss Annis Van 
Nuys, Folly in pale blue satin; Miss Hazel Patter- 
son, Night ; Miss Bishop, Columbine, all in red ; 
Miss Marian Churchill, an Assyrian girl; Miss 
Juana Creighton, a Highland lassie ; Miss Helen 
Chaffee, Columbine; Miss Alice Groff, a little girl; 

Miss Edna Foy, a Spanish senorita in a pale yellow 
silk gown trimmed with black lace, flounces and a 
beautiful lace mantilla ; Miss Grace Melius, a pier- 
ette ; and, last, but not least Miss Echo Allen, a 
Valentine in pink gauze flecked with golden hearts, . 
and Miss Lois Allen, a Chinese girl in pale blue 
mandarin coat and skirt with embroidered slippers. 
There was much frolicking, for everywhere were 
the harlequin collars and confetti bags. Just before 
supper a snow storm provided material for a new 
diversion. From the ceiling fell a whirling storm 
and the dancers pelted one another with snowballs. 

Card Party at the Lankershim 

Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Johnson of the Hotel Lanker- 
shim entertained seventy-five of their friends Mon- 
day evening at a card party. It was the fifth anni- 
versary of their marriage and they invited the Wtl- 
shire Five Hundred Club to help them celebrate. 
Dr. and Mrs. Burt Estes Howard were guests of 
honor. Mrs. F. W. Braun, Mrs. James Irving and 
Miss Dixie Hayes assisted in entertaining the party. 
The big cafe of the Lankershim was charmingly 
decorated for the occasion. A copy of Dr. Howard's 
book, "The German Empire," was awarded as a 
prize for the men, while the women received ex- 
quisite Japanese vases. Late in the evening an ela- 
borate supper was served. 

Mrs. Pearl Adams Spaulding addressed the Busi- 
ness Women's Club Monday evening on "What the 
Trust Companies Do For Women." 

Mrs. M. C. Burnett of No. 2328 South Hope street 
gave a luncheon Tuesday in honor of Mrs. Elweli 
S. Otis of Rochester, N. Y. 

The lecture given last Tuesday afternoon in the 
drawing room of Mrs. I. N. Van Nuys, No. 1445 
West Sixth street, by Mrs. Eleanor Bingham of Chi- 
cago, drew together a group of well known society 
folk. Mrs. Bingham, who is prominent in the liter- 
ary circles of the Middle West, talked on "Ameri- 
can Artists as Seen from the Other Side." 

Dr. Burt Estes Howard reviewed Oscar Wilde's 
"De Profundis" Monday afternoon before the Ebeli 
Club. He gave a remarkable analysis of the book 
that has been the subject of literary contention ever 
since its publication. 

Mrs. Wilbur S. Tupper will entertain at a large 
reception Friday afternoon, February 22, at her 
home, No. 2372 West Twenty-third street. 

Miss Bessie Bulpin presented a delightful musi- 
cal programme Friday evening at the Hotel Leigh- 

The Pacific Outlook 

ton. Miss Bulpin has a mezzo soprano voice of 
good range and fine quality. 

Mr. and Mrs. Walter B. Cline save a valentine 
dance in honor of their daughter, Miss Alice Cline, 
last Saturday evening, at their home. West Adams 
and Figueroa streets. The house was decorated 
with crimson hearts and feathery ferns. Cine hun- 
dred guests were delightfully entertained. 

The Treble Clef Club gave a Valentine party 
Tuesday evening at the Gamut Club house. The 
ball room was beautifully decorated and unusually 
good music was provided for the dancers. The 
guests were received by Mesdamcs G. Alexander 
1'.. .brick. Charles C. Travers. William John Scholl, 
Fred Hooker Jones, Nicholas Rice, W. G. Eisen- 
mayer, H. C. Beardsley, J. McDonald, J. P. De- 
laney and Mary J. Schallert. 

Francisco Ferrulo. the Italian orchestra leader, 
has returned to Los Angeles. With Mrs. Ferrulo he 
is established at No. 2662 Vermont avenue, the 
home of Mr. and Mrs. P. V. Rocco. 

Miss Edith Furrey will give a tea Saturday after- 
noon at her home, No. 1033 Ingraham street. Mis. 
Charles Perry Bagg and Miss Greta Augustine will 
be guests of honor. 

General and Mrs. Charles D. Viele gave a dinner 
last Saturday evening. The following were guests : 
Mrs. Elwell S. Otis cf Rochester, N. Y. ; Mrs. James 
H. Rollins, Gen. and Mrs. Adna R. Chaffee, Gen. 
and Mrs. Charles R. Compton and Gen. and Mrs. 
George Rodney. 

The sixth annual convention of the California 
federation of Women's Clubs held in Bakersfield 
last week proved to be an important meeting,, at 
which a closer union of interests between the north- 
ern and southern clubs was effected. The following 
officers were chosen : President, Mrs. Edwin D. 
Buss, Bakersfield; vice-president, Mrs. I. W. Bisn- 
op, Santa Ana ; vice-president at large, Mrs. Charles 
J. Woodberry, Oakland ; recording secretary, Mrs. 
J. J. Wren, Bakersfield; corresponding secretary, 
Mrs. L. M. Karr, Kern; treasurer, Mrs. C. L. Dona- 
hoo, Willets ; auditors, Mrs. Henry L. Bridge of Miii 
Valley and Mrs. Dixon Phillips of Hanford ; gen- 
eral federation secretary, Mrs. Robert Potter Hill, 

Mr. and Mrs. D. C. McCan have closed their big 
house, No. 2205 West Adams street, owing to the 
failing health of Mrs. McCan, who will pass a few 
weeks at Redondo. If she does not recover rapidly 
it is probable that Mrs. McCan will go abr.oad. 

Mrs. George Drake Buddy read a paper on 
japan" before the Southern California Press Club 
last Thursday evening in the music room of the 
Blanchard building. Miss Katherine M. Ball talked 
on "Japanese \rt." \ large audience enjoyed one 
of tlie most interesting of the season's programmes. 

Your First Step in Los Angeles 

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The Pacific Outlook 


New Cruising Power Boat 
A large power boat designed for offshore cruising, 
now being built by H. M. Crosby at Osterville, 
Mass., will interest California yachtsmen. This 
boat has been designed by Henry J. Gielow and par- 
ticular attention has been paid in the design to get 
a craft that will be stanch and seaworthy. The 
dimensions are sixty feet eight inches over all, 
fifty-five feet seven inches on the water line and 
twelve feet beam. She will be driven by a thirty- 
five horse-power motor, and have gas fuel capacity 
for long cruises. The forward part of the yacht is 
flush decked with a turtle deck having a moderate 
crown, so that the water taken on board can run 
off easily and have sufficient headroom underneath 
for a man to walk upright. Aft of this is a cabin 
trunk of mahogany fourteen feet long, with deck 
space on each side, and the upper part of this will be 
fitted as an observation deck and bridge deck, from 
which the yacht will be steered and the motor con- 
trolled. The steering wheel is to be placed just aft 
of the turtle deck. Aft again is a flush deck sur- 
rounded by a guard rail. This deck will be twelve 
feet long. 

Under the turtle deck will be the forecastle, gal- 
ley and motor space, and these compartments will 
be well lighted and ventilated. There are to be three 
watertight compartments. Under the cabin trunk 
will be the saloon, ten feet long and the full width 
of the yacht. This will be fitted with sideboard, 
buffet and extension transoms. Aft of this on the 
port side will be a stateroom and bath, and on the 
starboard side a toilet room. These will be sep- 
arated i>y a passageway running from the saloon to 
the owner's stateroom still further aft. This room 
is to be seven feet in length and the full width of 
the yacht. The fuel tanks will be placed in the after 
part of the boat. The yacht is to be handsomely 
fitted, the interior joiner work being of mahogany. 

head of the American Automobile Association, 
writes in the Automobile as follows concerning the 
status and prospects of the industry : "It can be all 
summed up in one word, 'amazing.' At the time of 
the New York show in January, 1906, it was obvious 
that there was not only a vast increase in the public 
interest in automobiles, but also every one could 
see that the public had, at least for the most part, 
clearly defined ideas as to the requisites of a satis- 
factory car. It is not enough to-day that a car 
should go for an all day trip without giving trouble 
on the road, but it must also go quietly; it must go 
up all reasonable hills on the high gear ; the control 
must be simple and quick acting; the capacity for 
passengers and baggage must be large, and the car, 
while amply strong, must not be too heavy. At the 
show last year one could see that the makers had 
endeavored to meet all these requirements, and had 
besides made ample provision by limousine, landau- 
let and other covered or partly covered bodies, for 
those who wished to use their cars without being 
exposed to the weather. 

"All this could be seen at the show ; but the follow- 
ing season, from March till December, really showed 
what the automobile industry had become. The in- 
crease in the number of cars, especially in the num- 
ber of large cars, was beyond belief almost. For the 
ensuing year it is my belief that the growth will be 
more rapid than ever before. As far as I can see, 
the only limitation on the use of automobiles during 
the next ten years will be the inability of the makers 
to supply the cars. Even if 5.000,000 cars are built 
during that time there will still be in this country 
some 75,000,000 people who are not yet supplied, 
and other countries will want some, too." 

Prospects of the Motor Industry 

Elliot C. Lee of Boston, president of the Massa- 
chusetts State Automobile Association and former 

Protection for Inner Tubes 

Many motorists cause themselves unnecessary ex- 
pense by the spoiling of spare inner tubes and outer 
casings as a result of neglect in caring for them until 
they are ready to be used. The only safe way to 
carry spare inner tubes is to roll each one up sep- 
arately, taking care to see that the valve stem is left 
on the outside of the roll, and then put them into a 
separate bag well provided with French chalk. Each 
bag should then be so stored away that it will not 
rub against the other or against any tools, other- 
wise the tubes will be chafed and damaged if they 

The Pacific Outlook 


Many users arc careless enough to carry inner 
tubes in their t ol boxes, wl or..- they arc chafed by 

the U "Is and rotted by I ' e oil. After a tube has 
been carried a f. \v wick> it is well t<> take it out of 
the bag and refold i'. as it is likely to fall m holes 
at the crease.- if a'l wed to remain to > Ion;- in the 
same position. 's regards spare outer casings, 
these sh( nld never be carried on the car unless pro- 
tected by a dust and water proof covering. To al- 
low rain an 1 dirt to yet at them mea is that the 
fabric will be rotted before it i- used. If the tires 
are stored away in the garage or at home thev 
should be suitably wrapped to keep the damp and 
dust from them, and should be sb red not only in a 
dark room but in one that is dry aid has an even 
temperature of fr mi 60 to 70 degrees. 

Dog Show Next Month 

The fourth annual dog show of the Southwestern 
Kennel Club will be held in the Panorama rink 
.March ') to o inclusive. Prizes are offered for al- 
most every breed of canine in which there is com- 
petition. In case any breed is forgotten or unex- 
pectedly turns in a large entry, the club will see 
that there is an adequate number of trophies pro- 
vided. Among the special prizes offered are the Los 
Angles Examiner challenge cup. valued at $260, for 
ilngs born in Southern California and owned and 
bred by a member of the Southwestern Kennei 
Club; the Conservative Life Insurance Company 
challenge cup, for the best animal of any breed; the 
Arthur Letts challenge cup, the Southwestern Ken- 
nel Club silver medal, the James Ewins brace cup, 
the Pacific Power and Light Company team cup, 
the St. Elmo Cigar Company cup, the C. T. Walters 
cup, the H. J. Whitley cup and three other sterling- 
silver cup. The officers of the Southwestern Kennel 
Club are: President, Arthur Letts; vice-president, 
William K. Peasley ; second vice-president, William 
J. Morris; third vice-president, Gus Moser; secre- 
tary and treasurer, William Kennedy; bench show 
committee. William J. Morris, William Kennedy, 
James Ewins. Gus Moser, William K. Peasley, Ar- 
thur Letts and Edward Greenfield ; secretary of the 
show, T. E. Nichols. James Mortimer of New York 
wiil judge the dogs and L. W .Young will serve as 

Ready for the Hill Climbing Contest 

I 'kin- for the I'asadcna-Altadciia hill climbing 
contest Washington's Birthday have been com- 
pleted. The course is one and two-fifths miles long. 
The two dangerous turns in last year's route, both' 
on Woodbury road, have been eliminated, and the 
course shortened nearly a mile. The route laid out 
is practically a straightaway, the turns being at very 
slight tingles. The first [OCO feel of the route is very 
nearly level, allowing an opportunity to get well 
under way before the pull of the hill commences. 
The classes in the order in which they will probably 
be run is as follows: Class 1 — Runabouts costing 
$1,000 and under. Class 2 — Touring cars costing 
$1,500 and under. Class 3 — Runabouts costing $1,- 
500 and under. Class 4 — Touring cars costing $2,- 
OOO and under. Class 5 — Runabouts costing S2.C00 
and under. Class 6 — Touring cars costing $2,500 
and under. Cl-iss 7 — Runabouts costing $2,500 and 
under. Class 8— Touring cars costing $3,000 and 

under. Class >; Runabouts costing $3,000 and un- 
der. ( lass io- Touring cars costing $4,000 and un- 
der. Class [i— Free-for-all For runabouts costing 
more than $4,000. Class 1 2— Free-for-all for run- 
abouts costing n-.ore than $3,000. 

Tennis at Ccronado 

I he first lawn tennis tournament of the season. 
opened at Coronado Thursday and will continue 
three days. It is being held under the direction of 
the Coronado Country Club. The events consist of 
singles for men and women ; doubles for men : 
mixed doubles and consolation singles, there being 
no doubles for women because there would be no 
players entered against the Sutton sisters. 

Pope-Hartford Pope-Tribune 
White Steamers 

Sold by 


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np HE POPE- WAVERLY Electric is the carriage for all the family, and 
to every member it is more than a mere machine. Its readiness, its 
ease of control, the gentle speed with which it lures you out to where the 
air is fresh and pure, and the way "it adds to the sheer joy of living will 
engender an affection for your Pope-Waverly Electric that has never been 
lavished before on an inanimate object. 

B. L. BROWN, Representative 

1 126 South Main St,. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 




Three Point Suspension, Unit Construction, 
Metal Disc Clutch, Shaft Drive, Three Speeds, 
Sliding Gear Transmissions. 

1211 S. Main St,. 

Lcs Angeles, Cal. 


The Pacific Outlook 


Seventh Society Banquet 

One of the important social events of the season 
was given last Monday evening at the Hotel Mary- 
land when the Southern California Society of the 
Seventh Regiment N. G. N. Y. drew together a dis- 
tinguished company. All the decorations were in 
red, white and blue. Arms were stacked in the 
corners of the banquet hall and the waiters wore 
military uniforms. The following ■ were guests : 
Major C. H. Meday, Major General W. A. Kobbe, 
Brigadier General J. E. Duryee, Major Theodore 
Kane Gibbs, H. H. Duryee, H. E. Montgomery, H. 
H. Meday, George A. Weber, Colonel W. R. Smed- 
berg, members of the Seventh Regiment ; and the 
guests, Lieutenant General Adna R. Chaffee, Gen- 
eral Burton, Captain F .W. Kobbe, Lieutenant Col- 
onel J. H. Campbell, Judge Howland, New York ; 
Brigadier General Robert Wankowski, Colonel F. 
W. C. Klokke, Colonel J. E. Montgomery, General 
Heap. G. P. Carv, C. S. Byington, Torrey Evereit, 
Admiral O. W. Farenholt, U. S. N., and Captain R. 
AY. Fisk, U. S. N. 

Favor the Anti-Docking Bill 
The Pasadena Humane Society will use its influ- 
ence to secure the passage of the Curtin bill pro- 
hibiting the importation into California of horses 
having docked tails. The society argues that as 
long as it is possible to bring horses having docked 
tails into the State, it will be impossible to put a 
stop to the practice of docking, owing to the fact 
that any owner can send his horses out of the State, 
have their tails cut off, and have them shipped back 
again. It is claimed that the subterfuge has been 
used on several occasions by local horse owners, 
and that in this manner the present law forbidding 
the cutting short of a horse's tail is circumvented. 

The Mayor's Ambition 

Many residents of Pasadena have been signing 
petitions urging the City Council to purchase Monk 
hill and convert it into a public park. Mayor Water- 
house is said strongly to favor the use of this eleva- 
tion as a site for a reservoir for city waterworks. 
If he should be re-elected the indications are that his 
plan will be adopted by the City Council and that 
every effort will be made to establish a municipal 
water system, regardless of the local companies. 

Pleasure Park 

The Carmelita Garden Association of Pasadena 
has been organized for the purpose of conducting 
a pleasure park at the corner of Vernon avenue and 
Colorado street. Tt is a quasi public association, 
the articles providing for an arrangement under 
which at anv time during the next ten years or im- 
mediately thereafter the city may acquire the prop- 
er! v ?s an absolute public park. The first board of 

Los'eles Treatment Rooms 257 S. Hill St. 


does not count for very much when it comes 
to talk, but used in many diseases as above or 
with the Electric Light Bath, it is' a 


for Torpid Liver, Clogged, Muddy Skin, Poor Circu- 
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Rheumatism, Etc,, which are often premonitory 
symptoms of some chronic (disease 

HOME A 2027 



Boston Newport Palm Beach 

Pasadena Branch Shop at, the 

Latest Imported Novelties will be 
shown in New Tailored Suits, 
Ladies' Dresses and Coats, Waists, 
French Millinery, Neckwear and 
Belts :: :: :: :: , 

E. T. Slattery Co. welcome a comparison of prices and 
— qualities 

L. P. Hollander & Co. 


Ladies' Gowns, Millinery 
and Outfittings 

Pasadena Branch Now Open :: Opposite Hotel Green 

Corner Raymond Avenue and Green Street 

The Pacific Outlook 


directors consists of C. D. Daggett, J. Earle Jardine, 
k. I. Rogers, II. I. Stewart, E. J. Pyle, F. E. Twom- 
bly, John A. Goodrich, Ed. K. Braley, J. O. Mc- 
Cainent, D. M. Linnard, William II. Welder. 

Hunt Club's New Home 
The Valley Hunt CTub of Pasadena has bought .1 
For a new clubhouse mi the cast side of South 
Orange Grove avenue between California street and 
Palmetto Drive. There is a frontage of 101 feet on 
( 'range Grove, while ninety-seven feci have been ac- 
quired on Palmetto Drive. The property cost $14,- 
Since the old clubhouse was burned the or- 
ganization ha- been without a home and it" is the 
intention to begin building without delay. The old 
site was sold lor $,-5,000. 

* * * 

Want a New County 
Assemblyman Johnson of San Diego has intro- 
duced a hill erecting a new count}-, to he called Im- 
perial, from the rich farming region in the eastern 
part of San Diego county. The inhabitants of San 
Diego county arc said to he friendly to the project, 
and the people of that fertile agricultural and stock- 
raising district have had the project in contempla- 
tion for a long time. They are 150 miles from their 
county seat and by reason of this fact feel the need 
of a new county government. Under the bill, the 
new county may be formed if it shall have a popula- 
tion of not less than 6000 and if the county from 
which it separates shall be left with at least 25,000 
persons. It is provided that the new county shall 
have an area of not less than 10,000 square miles : 
that none of its boundaries shall pass within fifty 
miles of the capital of the county from which it may 
be formed, and that it shall be liable for a just pro- 
portion of the existing debts and liabilities of the 
county from which it may be formed. 

Railroads Lose the Channel 

The Secretary of War has notified W. E. Hin- 
shaw, secretary of the Wilmington Dock Company, 
that the company's petition to be allowed to cairy 
on contemplated dredging near Wilmington had 
been granted. The decision giv'es the dock com- 
pany a victory over the Banning, Southern P'acific 
and Salt Lake interests. The permit received gives 
the company the right to dredge a channel 5500 feet 
long, 400 feet wide and of any depth not exceeding 
twenty-one feet. Throughout most of its length 
the channel will be dredged to a width of less than 
400 feet, however, as such width would not be 

An Experiment with Gasoline 

Announcement that a gasoline motor car will be 
tried on the narrow gauge road between Colfax and 
Grass Valley has aroused deep interest and the ex- 
periment will be closely watched. So far, the much 
advertised gasoline cars have not proven practicable 
in Southern California.